in the Far East from the United States The validity of the above assumption will inevitably be subject to

In document Japanese attitudes towards the Okinawa problem : 1945-1965 (Page 162-164)

CH A P T E R 8

I n d 1v l du aIs and G r o u ps

The p r e s e n t c h a p t e r is c o n c e r n e d w i t h the a c t i v i t i e s of n o n - g o v e r n m e n t a l a s s o c i a t i o n s a n d i n d i v i d u a l s i n J a p a n w h o s e e k to e x e r t i n f l u e n c e u p o n G o v e r n m e n t p o l i c y

c o n c e r n i n g O k i n a w a . W h o are they? W h a t are t h e i r m e t h o d s ? W h a t h a v e b e e n the e f fe c t s of t h e i r a c t i v i t i e s on the

c o u r s e of e v e n t s ?

F r o m the v i e w p o i n t of p u b l i c i n v o l v e m e n t in the p o l i t i c a l p r o c e s s r e g a r d i n g the O k i n a w a p r o b l e m , the p a s t two d e c a d e s m a y be d i v i d e d r o u g h l y into two parts;

the first d e c a d e (1945-55) in w h i c h c o l l e c t i v e a c t i v i t i e s w e r e b a r e l y a p p a r e n t a n d o n l y a few i s o l a t e d i n d i v i d u a l

a c t i v i t i e s w e r e d i s c e r n i b l e ; and the s e c o n d d e c a d e (.1955 to date) in w h i c h v a r i o u s g r o u p a c t i v i t i e s h a v e e m e r g e d . T h u s the d e s c r i p t i o n of the e a r l i e r p e r i o d in this

c h a p t e r c e n t r e s on an i n d i v i d u a l c a l l e d N a k a y o s h i

Y o s h i m i t s u , w h e r e a s that of the l a ter p e r i o d is c e n t r e d o n a c o m p l e x of g r o u p a c t i v i t i e s . A l t h o u g h one could r e g a r d the O k in a w a n c o m m u n i t y as a w h o l e as an ! interest group* fo r the p r e s e n t p u r pose, w e shall not take this view, b e c a u s e it is too d i f f e r e n t i a t e d to be t r eated as one unit. Instead, a t t e n t i o n w i l l be paid, w h e r e v e r n e c e s s a r y , to i n t e r a c t i o n b e t w e e n g r o u p a c t i v i t i e s on

the J a p a n e s e m a i n l a n d and t hose in O k i n a w a .

It is n a t u r a l to a s s u m e that the O k i n a w a n s r e s i d e n t on th e J a p a n e s e m a i n l a n d form a b a s i c s t r a t u m in the s t r u c t u r e of the J a p a n e s e p u b l i c ’s interest in O k i nawa, a l t h o u g h they s h o u l d be r e g a r d e d as a 'latent* rather than a ’m a n i f e s t ’ i n t e r e s t group. T h e size and

d i s t r i b u t i o n of this p o p u l a t i o n is r a t h e r bard to

In document Japanese attitudes towards the Okinawa problem : 1945-1965 (Page 162-164)