Overview of early years home learning environment (HLE), birth term, pre­

In document Performing against the odds: developmental trajectories of children in the EPPSE 3 to 16 study (Page 115-117)

effectiveness

Group 1: low SES, high attainment

Name Early HLE32 Birth term 33 Pre- school quality34

Primary school academic effectiveness35

English Maths

Girls Charley Low Spring Low Below 1 Sd of mean Below 1 Sd of mean

Natalie Low Spring Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Tanya Low Summer Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Above 1 Sd of mean Sharlene Low Spring High Above 1 Sd of mean Above 1 Sd of mean Reanna Low Summer Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Anjali Medium Summer High Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Ife Medium Autumn Medium Below 1 Sd of mean Below 1 Sd of mean Leanna High Autumn Medium Above 1 Sd of mean Above 1 Sd of mean

Brenda High Summer Medium - -

Shelly High Spring Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Martha High Summer Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Asya High Summer Home Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean

Boys Jarell Low Summer High Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean

Rajnish Low Summer Home Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Steven Low Summer High Above 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Abdi Low Summer High Below 2 Sd of mean Below 1 Sd of mean Mark Medium Summer High Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean

Shaquille High Spring Medium - -

Peter High Autumn Medium Below 1 Sd of mean Below 1 Sd of mean Robert High Spring Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Above 1 Sd of mean

32

We refer to three patterns of early years home learning environment (HLE): low early years HLE (0-19 points), medium early years HLE (20-24 points) and high early years HLE (25-45 points).

33

Research, including EPPE 3-11, generally shows that the younger pupils in an academic year tend to have poorer academic attainment compared to their older peers (Mortimore et al., 1988; Sharp et al., 2009; Sylva et al., 2008). In almost all English Local Authorities the school year runs from September to July, which makes the oldest children in year groups those who were born during the Autumn term. Children who are Autumn born (September, October, November and December) more often attained the highest levels in their Key Stage 2 exams (33.9% compared to 23.3%) than the considerably younger Summer born children (May, June, July and August). EPPE 3-11 also found indications that a possible consequence of this difference in cognitive

performance was that younger children had a greater chance of being identified as having a special education need (SEN) (Anders et al., 2010; Sammons et al., 2002b; Taggart et al., 2006; Sharp et al., 2009).

34

The quality of pre-school settings was measured on the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scales (ECERS­ R see Harms, Clifford & Cryer, 1998; ECERS-E see Sylva et al., 2003; Sylva et al., 2006).

35

Using the analysis by Melhuish et al., (2006) that provided indicators of the academic effectiveness of all state primary schools in England from 2002 to 2004, EPPE 3-11 showed that pupils who attended an academically more effective primary school had significantly better outcomes for English and Maths, over and above child and family background (Sammons et al., 2008a; 2008b; 2008d).

Group 2: low SES, predicted attainment

Name Early HLE Birth term Pre-school

quality

Primary school effectiveness

English Maths

Girls Amina Low Autumn High Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean

Fareeda High Spring High Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Bunmi High Summer Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Above 1 Sd of mean Ebun High Summer Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Above 1 Sd of mean Susan High Autumn Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean

Boys John Low Autumn Medium Above 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean

Cristopher Low Summer Medium Above 1 Sd of mean Above 1 Sd of mean Patrick Low Summer Low Above 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Ted Low Spring Low Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Harry Low Spring Low Within 1 Sd of mean Below 1 Sd of mean Hamid Low Summer Low Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Jamal Low Spring Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Tremaine Low Autumn High Below 1 Sd of mean Below 1 Sd of mean Tom Medium Spring Low Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Richard Medium Autumn Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Above 1 Sd of mean

Group 3: high SES, low attainment

Name Early HLE Birth term Pre-school

quality

Primary school effectiveness

English Maths

Girls Anna Medium Autumn Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean

Gimbya Medium Spring Medium Above 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Ella Medium Summer Medium Below 2 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Helena High Summer Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Laurie High Summer Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Marcy High Summer High Within 1 Sd of mean Above 1 Sd of mean

Boys Sean Low Summer Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean

Subash Low Summer Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Below 1 Sd of mean Alex Medium Summer Medium Above 1 Sd of mean Above 1 Sd of mean

Group 4: high SES predicted attainment

Name Early HLE Birth term Pre- school

quality

Primary school effectiveness

English Maths

Girls Breona Medium Spring Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Below 1 Sd of mean

Abby High Spring High - -

Imogene High Spring Medium Above 1 Sd of mean Above 1 Sd of mean

Boys Lucas Low Autumn Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean

Benjamin Medium Spring Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Within 1 Sd of mean Jason Medium Spring Medium Within 1 Sd of mean Above 1 Sd of mean

Appendix 9: CFCS questions for EPPSE full sample, quantitative

In document Performing against the odds: developmental trajectories of children in the EPPSE 3 to 16 study (Page 115-117)