Checklist for Motorcycle Parking Design

CHAPTER 9 MOTORCYCLING AND ROAD SAFETY AUDIT

9.7 Rural Schemes

9.7.1 Rural motorcycle accidents often involve no other vehicles, and frequently occur on bends. Check for:

❖Location of service covers and their skid resistance (see above).

❖Road markings (see above). The reduced effectiveness of motorcycle headlights makes the night-time retro-reflectivity performance of road markings in rural areas especially important.

❖Cross-sectional profile. This can be a safety issue for all road users, but can be particularly unforgiving for motorcyclists.

Cornering on a motorcycle, especially at rural road speeds, is an activity that involves a degree of planning, skill and technique. If the cross-sectional profile of the road does not conform to expectations, the rider may not have time to make the necessary adjustments and may crash.

❖The ‘“clear zone:” on the outside of bends is especially pertinent in the rural environment (see above)

❖Too much visibility to the right on high-speed approaches to rural roundabouts. This is a safety issue for all road users and is not catered for in the current design standard. It has two implications for motorcyclists:

◆When the motorcycle is the approaching vehicle, it can encourage excessive entry speed, leading to loss-of-control accidents.

◆When the motorcycle is the circulating vehicle, it can encourage drivers of other motorised vehicles to use excessive approach speeds, increasing the chance of drivers “looking but not seeing” and an entering-circulating accident.

❖Poor “offside deflection” on rural, high-speed roundabout approaches, especially on dual carriageways. The current design standard gives mandatory values for deflection based on entry path curvature, a line intended to emulate the easiest route through a junction, ignoring lane markings. This works well when vehicles can choose such a path; however, under modern traffic conditions riders (and drivers) often use the offside lane when the nearside lane is occupied by slower vehicles. This can lead some drivers and riders to collide with the central island. Implementing the advice in section 7.17 of the standard should reduce this problem (DTp 1993).

Obscured sightline to right, on exit from side road.

Keith Sharples Photography.

This is a list of references used in the Guidelines, in chapter order and then in order of appearance within each chapter.

Chapter One: Introduction

DfT 2004 Transport Statistics Bulletin - Road Traffic Statistics 2003, The Stationery Office.

DfT 2004a Road Casualties Great Britain 2003, The Stationery Office.

DfT 2004b Traffic Statistics Bulletin: Compendium of Motorcycle Statistics, The Stationery Office.

DfT 2005 The Government’s Motorcycling Strategy, The Stationery Office.

Chapter Two: Policy

DfT 2004 Traffic Statistics Bulletin: Compendium of Motorcycle Statistics, The Stationery Office.

DfT 2003 Road Accidents Great Britain -The Casualty Report (2002), The Stationery Office.

DfT 2004a Tomorrow’s Roads - Safer for Everyone (the first three year review), The Stationery Office.

DfT 2004b Road Casualties Great Britain (2003), The Stationery Office.

AGoM 2004 Advisory Group on Motorcycling: Final Report to Government, The Secretariat of the Advisory Group on Motorcycling.

DfT 2004c Full Guidance on Local Transport Plans - Second Edition (Draft), The Stationery Office.

IHIE 2005 IHIE Briefing Note On Motorcycling Issues and “LTP2” Second Edition Full Guidance on Local Transport Plans, Institute of Highway Incorporated Engineers.

TfL 2004 Transport for London: LAAU topic 2004-2, Transport for London.

Chapter Three: Travel Plans

DfT 2004 Traffic Statistics Bulletin: Compendium of Motorcycle Statistics, The Stationery Office.

FNN 2004 Liberty Spells New Travel Freedom for Accountants (article from Fleet News Net, 27/09/2004), Fleet News Net.

DETR 1998 A New Deal for Transport, The Stationery Office.

AGoM 2004 Advisory Group on Motorcycling: Final Report to Government, The Secretariat of the Advisory Group on Motorcycling.

CA 2002 Two Wheels Work: A Good Practice Guide for Developing &

Implementing Wheels to Work Schemes, Countryside Agency Publications.

Chapter Four: Road Design and Traffic Engineering

ATSB 2000 Review of Wire Rope Safety Barriers - Working Party Report June 2000, Australian Transport Safety Bureau.

MCC 2002 Positioned for Safety - Road Safety Strategic Plan 2002-2005, Motorcycle Council of New South Wales.

Fox et al 1979 Collisions with Utility Poles: Summary Report, Federal Office of Road Safety (Report CR2).

VicRoads 2001 Motorcycle Notes No. 9: Clear Zones and Roadside Hazards, Vic Roads (Pub No. 00859).

Gibson, T & Benetatos, E 2000 Motorcycles and Crash Barriers, New South Wales Motorcycle Council FEMA 2004 European Agenda for Motorcycle Safety, Federation of European

Motorcyclists’ Associations.

APPENDIX 1 REFERENCES

AGoM 2004 Advisory Group on Motorcycling: Final Report to Government, The Secretariat of the Advisory Group on Motorcycling.

HA 2005 The Introduction of a New Highways Agency Policy for the Performance Requirements for Central Reserve Safety Barriers on Motorways (IAN 60/05), The Stationery Office.

DfT 2002 The Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions (2002), The Stationery Office.

Tilly, A & Huggins, P 2003 Use of Advanced Stop Lines by Motorcycles Draft Final Report PRT/096/03, Transport Research Laboratory.

DETR 1997 Local Transport Note 1/97 Keeping Buses Moving, The Stationery Office.

TfL 2004 Powered Two-Wheelers in Bus Lanes - Report on Experiments, Transport for London.

TfL 2003 Congestion Charging: Six Months On (para 3.97),

Transport for London.

Chapter Five: Motorcycle Parking

DfT 2004 Traffic Statistics Bulletin: Compendium of Motorcycle Statistics, The Stationery Office.

Tilly, A 2004 Motorcycle Parking within the London Congestion Charging Zone, Transport Research Laboratory.

Braun, G 2003 Vehicle Crime (including an analysis of the extent of motorcycle theft in 2000), The Stationery Office.

DfT 2002 Traffic Advisory Leaflet TAL 2/02 - Motorcycle Parking, The Stationery Office.

AGoM 2004 Advisory Group on Motorcycling: Final Report to Government, The Secretariat of the Advisory Group on Motorcycling.

DTLR 1994 Planning Policy Guidelines 13: Transport, The Stationery Office.

EC 1993 European Directive on Stands for Two-Wheel Motor Vehicles (Council Directive 93/31/EEC as amended by Directive 2000/72/EC.

OJ No. L 188, 29.7.1993), European Commission.

MCIA 2000 Powered Two-Wheelers: The SMART Choice in Local Transport Plans, Motorcycle Industry Association.

Chapter Six: Road Maintenance

Wilmington, L & Gallagher, A 2004 Closer Inspection (article in Surveyor Magazine 9th September 2004) DETR 2001 Delivering Best Value in Highway Maintenance - Code of Practice for

Maintenance Management (Part C, Section 9), The Stationery Office.

FEMA 2004 European Agenda for Motorcycle Safety, Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Associations.

Chapter Seven: Road Safety Campaigns

OECD 2001 Motorcycle Accident Investigation: Development of a Common Methodology for Crash Data Collection, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

ACEM 2004 Motorcycle Accident In-Depth Study ACEM 2004, Association des Constructeurs Européens de Motocycles.

Chapter Eight: Motorcycles and Traffic Calming

IHIE 2002 IHIE Home Zone Design Guidelines, IHIE.

IHT/CSS 2005 Traffic Calming Techniques, The Institution of Highways &

Transportation/County Surveyors’ Society.

ILE 2002 Lighting for Traffic Calming Schemes (TR25), Institution of Lighting Engineers.

FEMA 2004 European Agenda for Motorcycle Safety, Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Associations.

Chapter Nine: Motorcycling and Road Safety Audit

DfT 2003 Design Manual for Roads and Bridges: HD 19/03 Road Safety Audit, The Stationery Office.

IHT 1996 The Safety Audit of Highways, IHT.

TMS 2001 Practical Road Safety Auditing, Thomas Telford.

DfT 2003a Transport Statistics Great Britain 2003 (table 4.7), The Stationery Office.

ILE 1995 A Guide to Good Urban Lighting, ILE.

DTp 1993 Design Manual for Roads and Bridges: HD 16/93 The Geometric Design of Roundabouts (section 7.17),

The Stationery Office.

The Government’s Motorcycling Strategy

In document CD INSTRUCTIONS. This CD is created in Adobe Acrobat pdf files. It has been created to allow you to navigate the CD by means of key links. (Page 84-89)