sheet, Ireland

In document Managing risks to drivers in road transport (Page 96-99)

Organisation(s): Health and Safety Authority

Aims

 To provide guidance to help ensure that vehicle movements at the workplace are carried out safely.

 To implement an effective safety management system covering the appropriate use of vehicles at the workplace.

 To reduce work-related fatalities, non-fatal injuries, property damage and loss of profit as a result of workplace transport accidents.

Key elements

 The information sheet applies to any vehicle or mobile equipment which is used by employers, employees, self-employed people, contractors or visitors in any workplace.

 It covers a very wide range of vehicles, including cars and vans while operating off the public highway, forklift trucks, heavy goods vehicles and rider-operated mobile equipment.

 It advises that employers should address workplace transport safety by: planning and organising all work; conducting relevant risk assessments; selecting appropriate workplace transport equipment; ensuring all operators of workplace transport equipment are competent to do so; and properly inspecting and maintaining all workplace transport equipment.

 It describes steps involved in conducting a risk assessment and points that should be considered in a risk assessment of workplace transport.

 It describes areas that must be addressed by workplace safety management systems for any size of operation.

 It defines the areas to be considered by workplace transport safety management systems as follows: (1) the workplace (including layout of place of work, suitability of traffic routes and suitability of safety features); (2) the vehicles (including safety and suitability of vehicles, and inspection/maintenance procedures); (3) employee selection, training and supervision; and (4) loading and unloading operations.

Further information

http://publications.hsa.ie/index.asp?locID=9&docID=271

2.4.7.

Anti-accident systems in freight carriages, the

Netherlands

Organisation(s): TNO, the Ministry of Transport, Connekt/ITS Netherlands and Buck

Consultants International

Aims

A large pilot was conducted to test five individual systems aimed at preventing accidents involving trucks. The aim was to improve safety and to maintain traffic flow. The five systems were built into 3,000 vehicles and were tested extensively over a period of eight months.

Key elements

 Accidents involving trucks are responsible for 2–3% of traffic jams caused by incidental factors (accidents, roadworks, the weather, etc.). Recent polls amongst the public suggest that the average road user believes that trucks are involved in around 44% of ‘accident-based’ jams. This perception is probably attributable to the considerable media attention given to truck accidents, and to the fact that accidents of this nature tend to generate longer traffic jams.

 A preliminary study in May 2007 by applied research organisation TNO indicated that a large-scale test using anti-accident systems could help alleviate congestion and boost safety on the road. While truck safety systems are commercially available, they are not often used, partly because of the high costs and partly because of the relatively low cost benefits for the transporter. However, society stands to gain much more from these systems through the reduction in accidents and congestion; something that could have a positive impact on the image of this key economic sector. This was the motivation behind the pilot project to test the suitability of anti-accident systems.

 The test concerned about 5% of the country’s entire truck fleet. This enabled the impact of the pilot to be measured and an extensive registration of vehicle movements enabled key information to be acquired on the operation of the various anti-accident systems. Two systems focused on the prevention of rear-end collisions and three on the prevention of tilting and side collisions. The movements

of the trucks used in the pilot were registered and processed over the eight-month period.

 The pilot involved 3,000 trucks, mainly on Dutch roads. Besides this group, TNO performed a number of tests on test tracks, which could not be done on the public roads.

 The test had three main objectives:

o To measure the impact of the large-scale implementation of anti-accident

systems on traffic flow.

o To reduce the number of accidents involving trucks, and to consider the

impact on traffic safety.

o To gain insight into the effectiveness of the various systems which are able to

contribute to the safety of trucks.

The anti-accident systems for trucks project was one of 40 short-term projects initiated by the Ministry of Transport for the period 2006 to 2009 aimed at reducing congestion.

Further information

Margriet van Schijndel-de Nooij Project Manager

TNO Science and Industry / Automotive / Integrated Safety Steenovenweg 1 / PO Box 756

5700 AT Helmond The Netherlands

Email: Margriet.vanschijndel@tno.nl

2.4.8.

Safe grab hook for waste containers, the Netherlands

Organisation(s): Van Gansewinkel, the Netherlands, Damen Hydrauliek B.V. Aims

In November 2006 a fatal accident happened because an underground waste container slipped out of the hooks of the grabber that was handling it. The grabber was a three-hook Gejobloc/hook grab. None of the hooks had a safety lock and the 3 metre-high container fell on the driver.

In the Netherlands underground and above-ground waste containers are commonly used for collecting waste such as paper, glass and organic material. For these containers, three systems in particular, are used: the so-called Gejobloc, Kinshofer and Metro systems. In 2007 waste industry consultants AVR carried out a specific risk analysis on the waste- collecting activities of underground and above-ground waste containers using truck cranes. It was established that none of the grab systems was able to work with the required level of safety. One of the solutions was to adapt the hook grab. Some prototypes were made and finally a safe system was developed.

After an extensive testing period a new hook grab system for emptying underground and above-ground waste containers was developed. The old system had no adequate means for preventing the grab hooks from slipping off the waste container being lifted. The aim of the new system was to ensure that hooks remain closed while the container is being moved and emptied. The system needed a mechanism that holds the hooks closed, and a fail stop system for when something goes wrong.

The new system had to meet the following requirements: it must minimise risks; it must have a mechanism that holds the hooks closed round the waste container during lifting

and emptying; if the system fails, it has to have a fail stop system; it must not unnecessarily oppose the driver; and the driver must be able to handle the truck crane from a safe place outside the lifting area.

Key elements

 The new hook grab is safe to use and also makes the work easier. Using the remote control, the truck crane and hook grab can be operated from a safe place outside the lifting area.

 The hook grab can be lifted above the waste container and connects to the container hooks. During lifting and emptying the mechanism holds the hooks closed.

 Only when the container is placed in or on the ground is the driver able to unlock the hydraulic mechanism, using the remote control.

 The operator of the new hook grab is thoroughly trained in his job and in safe working. Further information Van Gansewinkel Noord Brabantlaan 303 – 307 NL – 5657 GB Eindhoven Postbus 8785 NL-5605 LT Eindhoven

2.4.9.

Good practice guide for occupational risk prevention in

In document Managing risks to drivers in road transport (Page 96-99)