Numerical and experimental analysis of diesel spray dynamics including the effects of fuel viscosity

Full text

(1)

89689

9

9

!"# # #$%&' '#! # (#)& $&!&#*#$&"+%"%&")#&' '##!#%## !"#+ #), #&'-

.+ /'%0&1'

2+ 3"&4 &&#$%0&1'

5

67 859:

;:

<=

6

>

9:9?

@769

A#&'#B#,&C"%"&% "%##B#DD&%#$#$ %E+.F#$ &#$#"G#&) &#$#,# #B#"%"# HIJ.EE4/+%"&#B #$2"

!"#!*&'HKJ.EE!#& "%"# LJ.EEE

M+$2"#B#" #$#%&C" %"&##"%# &%D#$#$%&#NO$#PEO+#"" 2'&##"%)##DD&#$#%&C" %"&%#&+#$#&(#)##%%"&+

(2)

!"#$ %& '((

)& '(((#(**#

#++!& #++,-# "+,-&./#" # & # # & #++ + #&#/# ##&#" #$--+" 0,"" ##"# !# #/&#! !&

12

32

34 56789:

;<86=:

;>8?7>?8@:

.A"! + " # #BCDE&+ #! !# # 0!"#/ +&

(3)

!"#$#

%#&'()!)*!#+) *!!#,!#-!.# ))##$/0!10$ #$/!#!!)!#

2#&3(!2/#&()!)*!# +))0*0!#!!##.#$! $)##!!#-,#!.0!# *$$!##$0#456$ #$#*#.$#$*)# )0#.)!$

789:;<=>?@=A8B=B<C<D;ED8FC=FG=E=H8<I<J=IB;EK=ECH=L8FH8<I<J=IB;EK=M8DN=O8PQR=SOE=8CT<UD8FC=

B;<II:;<=ECH=9EI=B;<II:;<=;EC98C9=G;FV=>R=DF=WR=LE;X=YCFZP[RR=\V]=^_YP>X`a]=D[P@X>=VIX=

bcF:;D<IK=FG=OE;d=<D=EJX=efgh=

(4)

!"##$ %& ''$&($)$*!&&)"+,$%$-$%##( --%$%%$#$%'.+

/01234567658943:;;5<=>5?@5A04B4;5BC3:D5:EA5F0?A04B4;5BC3:D5:G5H0IJK5=H:50EL4MG0?E5

C34BB2345:EA5H:IN5F:351:B5C34BB234O5>E?PIQKK5RST5UV>I6OJWT5GQINO65SBO5XY?23G4BD5?@5H:3Z5

4G5:;O5[\]^5

,%#%$-%%$_(# `''$( '%%$+a$%*bc%a$%*$+bc`'-$%d ef#$$( -'*-%%$$*''$(-$('_(% '(#`'%( -+,-$#%%# ( -%$'*(#$ % '%%$g'* $%% ($.+)$gh' e&i (%(%# '%.#'*g% %(-%i'j+

kl

ml

k5 no

pqrs

tuqvws

txqypxyqzs

v{|s

t}v~

~

tpv~

zs

€w‚o

pv~

s

€z{r}z{vs

,%*#('*'*( '(%%`$`%`(%%%# $'#$+$'#$%$'*`$`'*($(- $ƒ%#$%'$%%+& ((`g%'$ ($$g#(-%#$g`(#-#$%%%'$g %* (%(%%# %-d'-`%(($#%$'*+ ,((--d%`(g $*„

(5)

!"#$ % &&$'&( ) *&$'+'' , -#'$./#0#'

12321234 56789::;<=>?@AB?BA96=?6C=DEFGE;<6H<=

$IJ.(.$#J#'0(I .#(..K#0 LL' .## ($# (M(#0#'J'KJ.'N# J#'/..$ #J.LL' (' $ $# $K..'(( O# .(. /.OO$#0#00'MK..$' .LL'P+.O'QMRMS.# Q%R.O.K.. $'K .('J.$ ..$J. $/.$..0.K#P$K.$LL'QM M)RK..## ($#'K

T(#.KK$#JLL'OM#J.'Q)R

UVWXYZ[\]^[_`a[bcadaWYebcf[fca`VgW[e[bZYVahVi[Vg]gajjkZ[ielVdedVagm[Uka`[nYao[kZnd[da[ YVWcdm[pbfdYZeo[bYZffXYZqr\s[teYu[ha`gfdYZeo[bYZffXYZqvs[teYm[wxaXYdZfy[an[zicoVhd[Zd[ ekm[{r|}~[

(6)

!"# #!$%&'(&)* +&)#&,*&& &'.,#/&-01, &*&'(&&&*#,#'23*456&#&)& &)#,#&7&)&&)*-&*)+ **-'8)#/23*4569'4:6&# &)&&;)-/*,,,-;/& &;'(&-&&# *'<&,#*&-*=&#, ,9)'4>6'4?6&;#& -'8)#/&));#&; &7'

@ABA@A@C DEFGHEIJKLMGFNHLFMOJ

9-)&;7*&* -4P6'(&)&&,+-//, ,#,*'

(&-,,&#,'(& &*&-&%&7&#011Q'(&; R,RS:?*-)&

0

>0+*

T

UV /#WTV1'11+*Q"$*&" XYZ

[ V\1]$&&*&'(&&*&R,, )'(&,#,)&*& ,)&&&-*&;'(& &**-)&&*&^,,"_`$'(&-) ,+-/&7-&7a2+-'

(&-,,*'^&7-&* */&;7-*&,/ b3#8&"38$,,)&;& **4P/56'

(7)

!"#$%&"%%%'%()& !"#

*+,-./0123045676,.89506:080;87/.0</70=56;+>,075/0=-.:8?/0+>=78@+A+7B06:075/0A+C-+D0?6./0 =-.:8?/E0FG6-.7/=B06:0H/:/@I./0JKLM0

N!#OPQR"!STU%!%%V&%"&%%W%!! %%"'%X%"XV%Y""%"()Z %Y%!W'!!&"&X%"% !'%#[!%'#OPR%!&%"'"V% %&W#$%%VV%%"V"%!&!V' &%%%%Y!'!"VV%&"% !'%!&"&X%"%!%XV#

(8)

!

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

C DEFB

C G H

IE J K L L

M 8B:9

<2#)#J ?C

G

?HDEF(&'

K

()#12#4(0'#&051*?')%.3#1'5(6#1#)?)#3(15=#=#3%$51*(&'0-)/($# 1#&05%&:;2#>#+#)&-6+#)50('56#&05%&3#00&-6+#)12(1$(&+#-0#'1%$2()($1#)50#12# +)#(,-.)#456#%/(')%.3#1:N)%.3#10<5123%<=50$%051*()#4#&#)(33*%+0#)=#'1%+#01(+3#(1

B

IEO

<253#25423*=50$%-0/3-5'$(&)#6(5&01(+3#(12542#)>#+#)&-6+#)0:

(9)

!"#!$$%&%"'(!)!'!%*+, '-$.-/%#012)('!345%#." %*356

7898:;<=98: >:8?@<ABCD8 EFF<GH:?HICJ

K L

MNO PI9:?HICJ?F

KRMNLOQ >?S

QRMNLOT UH>?S:8?=8:?JD

TRMNLOVW XY?CHUY88HIZUH?JD:IAAI[WWJS

VWRMNLOK\W

7?]8X:8GH UH:IAAIJS?JD

[WWW X?H?GH:CAYIZ

K\W L

MN^ X?H?GH:CAYIZ

EJ?DI8G8FGA:?_`HY8=?IJaC:=GCa9:8?@<A?:8HY8GH:IAAIJS9:8?@<A?JDZ?H?GH:CAYIZ9:8?@<Ab cY8GH:IAAIJS9:8?@<A?FGCCZZ<:GCJHY8G<:a?Z8CaHY8FId<IDZC:8?GGYCeJIJfIS<:8KTbbcY8 =?IJ=8ZY?JIG=aC:HY8GH:IAAIJS9:8?@<AA:CZ8GGIGG<:a?Z8IJGH?9IFIH_CJHY8D:CAF8HbgI@8HY8 FId<IDZC:8`G<:a?Z8:IAAF8GZ?JCZZ<:?HHY8G<:a?Z8CaHY8D:CAF8HeYIZYF8?DGHCFIS?=8JHGbcY8 FIS?=8JHGHY8J9:8?@Caaa:C=HY8A?:8JHD:CAF8H?JDaC:=J8eZYIFDD:CAF8HGbhH:?IFCaZYIFD D:CAF8HGIGaC:=8D?FCJSHY8A?HYCaHY8A?:8JHD:CAF8Ha:C=HY8ZCJHIJ<C<GaC:=?HICJCaJ8e ZYIFDD:CAF8HGbcY8ijIJGH?9IFIH_IGHY8=?IJ=8ZY?JIG=IJHY8GH:IAAIJS9:8?@<AA:CZ8GGb cY8Z?H?GH:CAYIZ9:8?@<AA:CZ8GGIJ]CF]8GG8]8:8D8aC:=?HICJCaHY8D:CAF8HHY?HF8?DGHC? 9:8?@<ACaHY8=?IJD:CAF8H9CD_?Ge8FF?GHY8G<:a?Z8GH:IAAIJS9:8?@<AA:CZ8GGbcYIG9:8?@<A :8SI=8CJF_CZZ<:G?H]8:_YISY7898:J<=98:GCaMN^L K\WbcY8D:CAF8H98SIJGHCGH:IACaa

=?GGD<8HCijIJGH?9IFIH_CJHY8D:CAF8HG<:a?Z8bhHHY8G?=8HI=8`HY8D:CAF8HeIFFD8aC:= a:C=?GAY8:8HC?DIGZFI@8GY?A8?JDHY8DIGZHY8JGH?:HGHC98ZC=8DIGHC:H8DbcY8DIGHC:HICJCa HY8eYCF8D:CAF8HIGZ?<G8D9_?=8ZY?JIG=Z?FF8Dk?_F8ISYc?_FC:lkcmIJGH?9IFIH_bcY8kc IJGH?9IFIH_H:?JGaC:=GHY8DIGZGY?A8DD:CAF8HIJHCJ<=8:C<Ge?]_GY?A8FI@8GH:<ZH<:8GZ?FF8D kce?]8GbcY8G8kce?]8GIJZ:8?G8IJ=?SJIH<D8<JHIFHY8G<:a?Z8H8JGICJaC:Z8IGHCCe8?@HC G<AAC:HHYIGGH:<ZH<:8?JD9:8?@<ACaHY8eYCF8D:CAF8HCZZ<:GIJHC=?J_G=?FF8:D:CAF8HGb

ij e?]8

kce?]8 hI:

(10)

!"#$% %%&'%()!*$'$*+'(,-.(

/012345678595:;<=>?13<@;A5@0BC2345>D5=3>@E4C5F34<G2@5@3>B4::52H=4354I@>:2345C>5;01;5 <035J4E>B0CAK5L;45=3>@E4C5F34<G:52@52H=435<5B<C<:C3>@;0B53410M45?0C;5F>C;5NO5<H=5PL5 0H:C<F0E0CA5@34:4HC50H5C;45@3>B4::K5Q04:4E5D24ER5S4TUVU5<H=5QWTXVY5ZMK5[\>23C4:A5>D5]<3G5

4C5<EK5^6U_`5

) $#$ab()!c% *$$a%$ * b(d$%efg %$&#% %* ()$ %"& $%$ &#$$&$* ( )h)"% #$$% $*"#() &#%$& %* #&'$$* () %* #$$* () $ **h)&'*%$*"#$*$&'" fg*%$*(

i%$#%$&'%j"%#(k%#%*$ %$ "*$$& &',l.(m$#e% "%#$ & $ &'&%&'%$%$# $$%*"%#,.(g"e n&$*&&' *e"%#%*$%$%#"%#(o$*

mp

q $c%$

rstu

fg" $&#

q &'*

h)"

q &'*

(11)

!"##"$ " %&$" )*('(+,-%

'

( ( ( ( )* +,

.

/

01

2 2 34%45

6788+,9:%!"##;" %$;;"3+,<:%5#;;!"# # ;!"#%&";;;;#=%& >#;";";;?#@?#AB8AC ;;#";"

+,D

:%

A4

==;>%&"; ; !"##E";BFGH8;;%I #B;";$" 8;

+,D

:%

:J

%

KLMLKLNO PQRSTUVWPXYZ[\]WPXS^W

&#;;;#;#"" ;"%_#`.a:%@@%b#;>#

B#;#; #;%67c4deBf";%c4B4geBH7c4heBi!;%c4Je 8"#;#;!#% &##>;`.a%A4c4dB4B4he%&

";8!#;"";!; #;!"#%&#;;;8";E"# !;!#c4B4ge%&#;; #;%

i!"#B#;;;!# !"# #;"c@B4JB4B4he%&;;"& ;48 7"4A%

KLMLKLjO kR]\XlPXYZ[\]WmY[[UnUYRnW

(12)

!!"#""$%&'() ***"!*!"$%&

+,-./012341+5./16,770/08915.9:5;0<17/5;1=81,890/36/5>?091:5??,<,58@1AB015.9:5;0<1=/01 :5=?0<:08:0C1/07?0D,E01<0>=/=9,58C1<9/09:B,8-1<0>=/=9,581=861F5.8:0@1GH5./90<I1571J51 =861KI5.1LMNOP1

QR***"!"!!!"!S*T"S!R" "S"U"!V!"!!!WR"W!*"X *T"!!WR"W!"R!!"RY!! "YU*"""*X!R"" !!WR"W"R!!Z"SRY!R"R"R !R!"![R*!""QRWY!RR" ""*R"*RWQR""""! !"**!"RWQR*" "XU"!!"WRR!""YW"RRR U"!**!RR!YR*!""*R

\!"U!""!"T"*]""$%(S%%&S^$%_&"`" \Y$%a&RWRR*!"!!"U!!!"R b

QR*RW!"cde

( QRfU"UWR!Y*RWcjhghie

V!"! \*T

(13)

!"#!$%

)*( (' '& &

+(',('&$ "+ ,- !- !$

$ "$,.-/0$# "$ " + !$%

& & ' '

.

( ( *

1 &2 3$$,/+,,$ "+ !$,, ! , " !--! 0

45#&6!!#$$ !!0 +$,.$!#!

789:;<=>?@=A8B9;BC=8DD:EF;BF8G9=FH<=IB;8BJD<E=KL=AM=BGN=A>=OP=FQO=8CRBSF8G9=N;ORD<FE=:E<N= 8G=<T:BF8OG=U>VWXV=UYO:;F<EZ=OP=[O=BGN=\ZO:=]^M_X=

(14)

!""# ! $%

&'()*+,-./,0123,4526'7(,35+,82)*,

9:*:;+3+*,<,:7=,>+,65+7,35+,362,=*291+3,=':;+3+* :7=,?@2),ABCDE,

F! ## # ! G # !# # H!# $%F# # #I ! ### #! #"JK

F!""##! " !L #H

M

#$%N

OPQRIQSTIU #!V PQWT

U #!V PQWT K#!# "#X

R% VJ#! !

% FK!# #!K ! !#I K" # #%

Q% F!L!"#J##" # ## "#!#! HRYZ

$%

Z

!""#[ #!\]#

M^

R

H!

3,4526'7(,35+,82)*,='88+*+73,_211'4'27,2)3_2;+4,6'35,*+49+_3,32,';9:_3, 9:*:;+3+*,<,:7=,>+,65+7,35+,362,=*291+3,=':;+3+*4,:*+,35+,4:;+,`abCEc,`d2)*3+4@,28,

F! ## # !## G # !# # H!# $%F# # #I !# ### #! #"JK #%

" !# J"## N""# #"#!#%e PQWT #!f## ## #!OLPQYT%

K#!####

! ! #!#% FK!# #!K ! !#I K"

L!"#J##" # ## "#!#! HRYZRgh##J#KSgZh#! H!

6'35,*+49+_3,32,';9:_3, d2)*3+4@,28,,i2,

##% G # !# #[jZ%S #

!# J"## ""# #"#!#%e #!

##

#!#% FK!# #!K ! !#I K"

(15)

!"#$% $&%$"'$( ""($ ") $$* $+'$ $'%,$&-%"'+.,-/01$"'$% 2* %$""!" (%'$"34*45467*$#$%$(%"$"" +$' "!'$&&#"$%'" "$ '$&&+"!%2 08$%* $"$% 9"1% &&#!"%$$ 1"9 1%"!$ :#40;"!1$0

<=>=<=?@ ABCDEFGHIJKLBMNBCJOPJK

8%2 "%"&$+'$"'$&$ $$ #"%"!&$Q"%!" 0(%$"!$R$+$$!%"1 '$"'0"1#*S"$9$$ S$34T7$1%%$$"U$%%. $V/$#"1$$'"'$$#(%$+0 (%'$$"'$ 1'%"! "%1'"%%"'$"''" !2%+0(%!%"1$%""%"!!!)$&&!"%$VW ""$VXW0

,%$"" %$+ +$'*$!"+"!(%%&'$%0, '$&" "!)*'$%$Y

0 $$''1"!!%"1"$'"'$%Z 0 ,&$%'$%"(%'$'"'$%[X

40 $+%"'"'$%[\

V0 S"%"&""#'"'$%[]

!1"%&'$%$'" %$&"$'"'$%(%'0$"! (%''$1$#%&%$&$ !%'$$$%"1!2'+0+ $%" $#+2'9%+"$%%'$%*00$+%"$ S"%"&""#'"'$% (%'0

(16)

!"#$ # %&'()&*!+,-.###/-.0!&

123456789:7;7<=>?>35@<=7>A7@7B26C6D7C<5@E7C=>F2G375632>GC7>A7D@53676BB26CH7IJ@3672C7 ?@K6G7L2@7MI172J@32G3H7N=676BB26C7@567=23=D23=?6B7A5>J7;7?>7OH7PG>QRSTU7VJW7MXPRYHYZZW7

[2RYU7\[@W7[@R8U7]@5W7?SR^7JCW7?_R87JCH7`a>45?6CE7>A7a@>776?7@DH7b_:cd77

*# ##!ef&* g!!##$#/ih0&*#!$

"#$###/

j

0&

*!##!#!$##!$& *$#!##$#!!g, &*k!,#$#!!$#l !#!&m!##!#&

m'(h)#!l!# !!$#!!$n!# $#&

(17)

!"#$%&$'"$%%!#(%)!*'$++) !*'"+)*%#$'!#$!&$(

,

-./$* $'0!$1234

56789:;<6:=<;6>;=67?

,

DABC@E;67F9:=G<H7;7IJG?7HKL;67M><F9NGH>?H;67HI:897;<

6>O7?7M9GMGK97G?F9N7?P7:?;67F9:=QRNP6F9:=G<<GJG9>I;:><G?M9786><7F9:=QR77HG?M 8>I;GP97<E><N<7HG?>STU7V87IGJ7?;E>I7>?7V>J897:F>8>I;GP97FG997HF9:==G;6:?7=>L P:N89G?MF9:=K76>OG:NIWXBYQZ;=:=>LP:N89G?M:PPNI<K7;=77?;67HI:897;>?H;67M>< 86><7>;ABC@D D

,

ABCQZHI:897;=G;6>9>IM7;GJ7<P>97[

\

]^P:J8>I7H;:;67_:9J:M:I:O ;GJ7<P>97[

]

`^EGQ7QHI:897;<;6>;>I7<9:=;:I7>P;E=G997?6>?P7;67;NIKN97?P78I:HNP;G:?QZ

HI:897;=G;6><J>99;GJ7<P>97[]\^P:J8>I7H;:;67_:9J:M:I:O;GJ7<P>97[

]

`^EGQ7QHI:897;<

;6>;>I7aNGPb;:I7>P;E=G997?6>?P7;67;NIKN97?P7HG<<G8>;G:?QZF:NI=>LP:N89G?M:PPNI< K7;=77?;67HI:897;>?H;67M><86><7>;

,

cABCQ56G<G<=67I7;678I:K>KG9G;L:FG?;7IHI:897;

P:99G<G:?G<<GM?GFGP>?;E><H7<PIGK7HG?<7P;G:?QAQQdQ

ef

e ghijkl

mno

p

qrsjo

o

l

tup

rvp

np

wl

jxjo

p

yzkn{p

p

(18)

!"#$%&'(!")*+*+ $,$*+-+*-$-$++*-+." &-/012+*+-*+ *+-*+*$$*+*+$+-30 4*,+$"5*$$ +-$ 6789,3:;<6=0)>?:<=0@<!=0$?;<=$?; $:<A0#="51*$ + *-+3+4$$-+- --+-3+--$-+--+0$*0$ 0$ +3"'$,*$+-+-3$-+ $$$-+-+$-+, $+-3"5$-+ -$-+$-+++-$-+*-3+ --"

5++$-*** 4$-+ 1*:"5+$ +3$$-+ +3$$,3CB $CD0- +3"5$-+- $$,3ED"

5***4$-+*F

D

D GHBI J BK L GC

K M M M M

GNO P P P Q"AR

MGHBI0M0JMBK0ML$0-0+*$,$3 - +3"5$$3*$$-+$ F

6

S

T

GHBI U B G B D B D

M O V W C C C CX Y Y Q"#R

5-+*--$$ J D

MOY [Z JZD$-+ +*$ J[ --$"5 ++$\+*>4++$\$>,3 $-+$

S

D B

T

BK BK B D

GC C M V Z

GN X Y

OY VBK+*$ 9"A,3$+"

%+$$-+ +3++- ,$*$,3 F

D

D GE C

(19)

!"#$!& % $'()(#*

+

,

- . - -

-%

/ . 0 . - / . . -01.2

3 4 4 3 / 5 6 4 4 5 4 4 7 8 & 8 8 9 : : :

9 9 ;

<'!)!=# (=!>$ #?!@(($ )!$A) '!B!$@)!(= $ #!#'!(#?#) (#?#(!#C (?!'!)!="?$#(!@B@AB!$@)!(= $ #?(# $$(A#D #?$###(!!(EFGB,'@#$ #$??$ = $ ### #(?!B## '!)!=)!($#=#$) '!((#<#!###( )!$AB!$@=$ ((@##?$ ('@#H##?''!@(#@)$?()IB $# ##('#))$!@# )!(B!$@AB((@#))$B!@$# (A#?$##D $&J #>' #!!) ((@!)&K ( &L() (?!B# ((@!!=A ###?# (?!"?$###)!(B!$@4$ ((@AB'@

4 N 4: O M P

= N# !$!#'!QBAB!$@(4M# (?'D !#$!$!()H##?''!@)$= RB!(#(( (BAB'@

W:

S T

,V U UX = V# '!$>$A@D #4#(!('B# @#( #)'!)!=$!$!#

D $#B!(#&J:

S T

& &K L

D ((@!)#!( ())#B@))!(?$!$$(A (!@A '!$(!ABA&K:,5YZV

D ###()

!U % . -L % % % . - . -4 -4 -

-4 -4 4 4 & & & & & [ \ ] ^ 9 ^

:_ ` a ^9 cc9 dd b ^ e 9 f 9 g

(20)

!"!!#"! $%"&'()'*""$!"$"+,"-./01 2"./31'

4565"7""5!"./89/(1' 4"5"5"$"$!9!"!!:" 5'465"$$7"!$"!"%$" ;"!5"<+:!&;<+)!"'4!5$""$"55 "!5"5$:""!5#!5!" !""$"5595:9""!5'

4=!5!"%!"$""$65 $""'<:9","$5!"$>: 559!:$"7"!?"5:$"!'4: !"@"">%"A

0' B5!"$:C$$77":F DEE5"!" $:5"?CG?F 9DEE57:'

' H5""$!57"!" "$$:?'

I":95$$$"$":55"5 "J,!97$"!=%",""5 !""''K'

4=%"9"7""7"!9: !"!!9!:"$!:#'4!"$ $"!"7"!5"79"$9 !"!!9!:#$'4L"!M$" ""5%"'N""9"!:" 5$"!"$"7"%"$"5!9 ":""""$"$$"$5" ""5'<"!9$"9$$"'

(21)

!" #$ ! $! !%! $&'

( )* + , -.#+ / 0 00+ 1 23 +

%! ! # !4& 5 4 ! 4# !# !6# ! ! #$# #

78

78

9: ;<=

>?<@A

BCD>=

E?C=

DFA

GDHIJ

EA

%! KK! %!!#$# . KK4 ! , #!$.# # 5!!!$.# ## ! $.#%!# ! L !## &5 54

%! # " L# !MK0&. N1OP%!. & !-$%!-$ #&!!K! KK5 & 4! L 4%! .# !! KK4 KK#$#

(22)

!"#$#%&""%'&$%('$#" )*+,"&(-))').*,-/0&&"")*,-)#)##"1)2345 6!4-)#")7##8$%('$&"&'")8'&)##8#'9 ":'&#"7);!4<#"&"&'")#$")('$#)#%&8#& 8#$&"8#'"8#'%* =!4>('$#&&'0)#%&8#& 7)))'8&)#8#&4<('$0""&#)'')")":'9'8& )#8#&8#:'"'0))#%&8#&4

-)*,-#")')))$%&##$")(&'$#8"4- )#")":'&#$)%&#8$%#$")0&")#??" 0))"):'")#)#??")2#?41&#%#$"))$$#88

8#)$%##)"7)#8)":'&#@&4A7'#0)*,-":'

&#$#8"0)&#&)"#7)++4B)":'&#& )&#%#$")8#&&#7"%4

CDEFGHIJKLLIMNHIODPFDQIRSGHITGSUDOHISUIVWXKLIYZS[D\YZDS]I[SQHOI^_`abIMNHITGSUDOHINY\IY]I HOODTZDRYOI\NYTHbI

<":'&#"7)@&8#$&"8#'"8##';!c

64

=

d

e fgh i

j

k

l

l

m

.4/

-)*,-#""$#8"')#8&'$#8"4<'")'& 7))#8"#)""%8#7"7&"#$")4

(23)

! " "#$%&' ()&' *( +,-./! ")&!)& */

01234567857962:;4<712=>?9>:34<2=25@71A3>63185@2:;4<712BCDE4:2=F

GH

I

J

K LMN O

P

Q

R

R

S

THUV

01>63185@2<269=76>5=8<@2<WBX6>5712BCDE4:2=7185712BCDUE4:2=86:2E4567<872: >5Y18Z72<[\W237>45[HUH

012;4==4]>5@;49<E4:2=68<25478^8>=8_=2>5W78<YXH`6834562?92532a:278>=2::263<>Z7>456 4;71262E4:2=68<2547614]5:927471234EZ=>387>456>5>EZ=2E257>5@712E4:2=6>5W78<YXH X278>=64;2831874E>687>45E4:2=68<2;495:>5712<26Z237>^2=>72<879<2H

`<349E85>6278=HbcUd85:e>61>E9<885:`6685>6bUGd8::2:71238^>787>4534EZ452577485 874E>687>45E4:2=Hf2<271238^>787>45252<@g85:79<_9=257h>527>3252<@g8<28::2:74@2712<74 2518532712_<28h9ZZ<43266He>61>E9<8bUGd67872:7187712<2]8686E93186iIj4;712 h>527>3252<@g;495:>5712>554kk=238^>787>4534EZ45257H

l45m2<@278=Hbcd85:m89E@8<725278=Hbd8::2:Z1g6>38=:263<>Z7>4567187<234@5>62712 86gEE27<>354kk=285:8<238Z8_=24;:>67<>_97>5@:<4Z=2768334<:>5@74712618Z24;71254kk=2H 01>6>6Z8<7>39=8<=g962;9=;4<86gEE27<>354kk=26]1>318<2;495:>534EE2<3>8=>5n2374<6H f4]2^2<a712:4]56>:24;8==712;2879<26E28567187>7>634EZ9787>458==g2oZ256>^2H

(24)

! !!"#! !$""" !# "!$"# "#!!!%#""! "#!!&

'()*+,-.-,/011(23,45,6(27408,(94178(974:,14;+*8<,(==02(=3,4:,9>+,;755+2+:9,7:.:4??*+, @>387=8,5+(902+8,(:;,9>+,=41@09(974:(*,;+1(:;A,BC4029+83,45,D(01E(29+:,+9,(*A,F--G,(:;, /9(2.CH,1(:0(*,FIJGK,

L M NO P " ! Q R &S $ S $ !

T !U !$!VV#

U# W W W !!"U# W W W W XY !!"U# W W W N "!#!$ W W W W W N "!# V W W W W W W W ZP"# W W X#! W W

P"""U[ TM WL $

O!\XZY&]!^"!$#%!_#" #!^"! !Y ! !&"! " ! ! &

_#" #!^"!_V#!" #" !$%"!%Y" !# V&! !! !VV# "!!^"!&%"!!$%# V% !!^"!Y" !! !#&"!!#_# V !!"!&Y !!"!` !`

!!Q!&

!Y !\XZY&]%!%S%L !a!%MNOb%!MNO&

(25)

! "#$! %

&'()*+,-./0,12,'33)45*65'72,78,59+,:37;,657<'465'72,<7=+3>,?@7)*5+4A,78,:6)<(6*5+2,B--CD,

EF"$$#!## G" #"!$"H##"###!!# IJKL%

MN#O!!#! #!#"#! P!Q!$R#! %SN#O R##TUS%VWIJKL%M## XX%

MYZ[YZ[V"$!"H#%M#$ !!#$!!#! "H#%MXX#"# H! $#! "H#!%[!$ "H##R#! %M## $! XX%

[U\T!%U]\T!]%# Q#!"$!$!$!%

^_

^_

^, `abcdefghi

jgafklmi

nceao

pi

M!$"H#Q#!$!# "H#!%E$!!!Q !$"H# !!"!V%%V%%[#!#"H#! !##!%[!"H## q#!"!##r%% "H#s!##r%%" Q"tM"$"H#s%u#!# "$! #!

uXX

(26)

!!"!!! #"!$

%""!#&!!'()*&+,-,./$ 0123! !!!##&!#&#! ""4!5*!#& 6## *#&"#!*&!"7!+,-/ ##&!!#!*6##!08690: # #&!"!;

,

< =

<

>

@

?

A

B

C

D

80:

*><!##&""!$"><D

E

6 3 -'

FGH 5!#&!!&!$*"*!

";

I = < JG= K

> ?

L

@

A

@

C

D

C

80,:

*>I!##&""!$"3

!#!(!!"*!;

I JG= K

?

L

B

@

M

D

C C

80-:

!"!#&!!*#&";

I

< N? ? ?

NO A

P

D 80Q:

!!!!#""!"$!!#&!!

(27)

!"#$$ %$!" $$ $$$ $ &!

""'( $ )!" )*)$&$ **& $$ $$% *!""'( ) + $&!,*- &$ + $* !.)/0 $ &$$ !"$$ & !"& $$ *&$*1234 #567 0& 189884!:&$* #$2!2!) *# $!!

"18;4)$"'(&* $$ "'($$** !"$$$* $$* *!"$#<$"&'*& ( =<"'(>!"1838?4$ #&*$$ *<"'($@$'( =@'(> !(<"'(@'($$ *)$! AB:#19;4 /0 $& $* *!"/0 &/)0B&!"/)0B& $$ #)$&#$ # $ )$&$$$##!"& #)**+ $!,$)* * *$$ $$#) !

(28)

!"!#! $" !%"&!'

(

)

(

)

*+ ,+ *

-*

*

.

,

, ,

/ 0 12

34

5

67

8

9

:

;

<

>

=

? >

A

B

@

;

;

C

D

EF,GH

(

)(

)

(

)

*+ *G * -,-G , *+ , * I*F , *.-+ 12 / 67 8 5 34

; > ; > J @

; > EF,.H

*+

K

00

34

67@

EL "HM *+ /

8 6734@ > E!NHM / 540F / 5O 34 9 : >> @ M F 0 540 0 5O 34 9 : >>

@ MK 0 540 0 0 5O 9 P >>

@ !

5

!

$!$! !!!'

5QRST04@ >JU* EF,IH

! $ !!$$!V!'

W

T@G..> >U, J>?5 EFF*H

$!UX"%!%!UXY*-, UZ$!$!!",G

*E,G[UZ\*H]FFMF+M^_!"%!UZ!!V$

(29)

!"#$ $!#% &"!#&'( ))"&'()()*+*

,#)"-")).

+ * *

*

/012 3 4 105

6 ;

9:

17 8 <**+=

>#6/012&"-?(<**+=&).

*

@ 3 4 105 / 78

1

9

; <***=

!74))

A(BCDE!"%" "!#!F )!#!!#G.

H

I

H

I

* * 5 3 JK

5 3 /

9 9

9 9

L

M O N

P Q

F ; R

S <**=

H

I

* JK 5 3 7 /

L

:

9 9

G ; R

O <**T=

% &'("))())&'(U"- &'())((&'()&(", )&VW% "&&'((()# &"% &'(XVW% "&-( )((VW&'(XY +

JK

Z[

F -% &'())((

\0] JK

4 ;G % #(,!-VW&'()( !(&$)# #7

))+D^ ^7 B**E

(30)

!""!#$ !""!""!!# %!#&'("#&)*($+$,$$+"--$ ". !.!$.$.! -."#/!$.$!$+"#

0$$++".".!.+!1# $."$-" !#$2-3$ &))(+.$!." !.,,-" 1!#$1,,4567''',$"$$""! ,$-- !-#$!." ,$$8!"$-$459):;:'.",$? @<=> '' AD @=BC ):'EGF@:#* -A

H

@

'#'IA#$"+"$ !"J

L

KM!$NJDOM#$P !"

"!!#

$Q"$R&($-" !+.! ." !#$+$ !-.+.."- "$"-"... !#$"+"$ !"J

L

KM!$NJDOM#$P !"

"!!#

(31)

!"#$%&%'$(')$'#*& $'#%*%+(#(&%(((,'-"$'.,&&# ((,%**,*#(%(($/,&%'-

01234567859:;;1<=5>?5@1<A>:B5B4C>DE1<=52<41F:G5;>E43B51DE5HI451CC:<1C=5>?5HI45 <4G<4B4DH1HA>D5>?5HI45<4135G<>C4BB4BJ5

! + K / L M! + N ! " "O P Q" O P O P R '* Q %& S T

PSP/,U% V W W V V V V V XP/,U% V V V V V V *P/,U% V V W &%$/, V V V V Y*#(',* V. V WZ WZ

O**,*#/#[ \WU%,&VS

][

Z- "&%''#/**,(L*#($/,&*'$,$'%+- .- "&%'/**,(L*#($$/,&*'%$'%+- - " (&%'/**,(L*#($$/,&*'%

$'%+-"!"SL*#-

"$'&$/,&%'%/**,(((*(L*#% &&%'/**,(L*#$/,&*'$,$'%+-" L*%(',%,&&''#**$'(,%('S(,''L*#- L T^%'#SL*#%)&','M_N LS^S,&$#,'%((%+-"% %$'#($/,&%',$'(*,*'#

L&%'% !"&%'-

XKL-.`*$,'$/,&%'%#!+K/&%' R'*Q%&&%'% ST&%'-",*&'&*,&$/, &%'-"%L,$,$/,M

b

aN%$'%+MdcN(,%

(32)

!

"#

$

%&'()*+,'-()./0*(',12230')14.,5103,.-1*2+)'(14-5-&'()./4*'66141'2-*6-&'()*+,'-7 8.),9,1-').-3)'-'2(5-*.5530'-&.-()*+,'-5&.:'.5+&')14.,5&.+'.2(-&35-&'()./ 4*'66141'2-*6.5+&')'1535'(7%&15.5530+-1*215-)3'16-&'+.)-14,'15.5*,1(5+&')'*)16-&' ()*+,'-&.5.5-.;,'(1.0'-')<

?@A

=>

B7%&'()./4*'66141'2-*6.5+&')'CDEF15.56*,,*G5H I*)J'K=LLL

M

N

L7OE P

>D= L7

=QJ'

J'

RSTU@V@

W

Y

X

<>7>QB

I*)J'Z=LLL

WR STU@V@P YL7DD <>7>OB

%&',1-').-3)')':1'G125'4-1*2>7=7>7D5&*G5-&.-.-*25'-*6.;)'.[3+P-&'()*+,'-('6*)05-*. (154,1['5&.+'7%&'2'G5&.+'4&.2/'5-&'()./4*'66141'2-51/21614.2-,97\5.)'53,-P]13'-.,7 C>EF+)*+*5'(.(92.014()*+,'-()./0*(',-&.-4.2)'+,14.-'-&'()./4*'66141'2-*6-&' ('6*)0'(()*+,'-7]13'-.,710+,'0'2-'(-&'%\^0*(',-*)'+,14.-'-&'('6*)0.-1*2*6-&' ()*+,'-7

%&'%\^0*(',4*251(')5-&'(15-*)-1*2*6-&'()*+,'-.5-&'(15-.24'0*:'(;9-&'5+)12/0.55 595-'07I1/3)'>=D5&*G5.21,,35-).-1*2*6-&'%\^0*(',G1-&-&'+.).0'-')<_B.5.6324-1*2 *6(15-*)-'((15-.24'<`B.2().(135<VB7

abcdefghijklbmmdnoepobqlqrosftpeobumfvbnoqeobqluqluftoblosfwkxyqvfmz

%&'()*+,'-6*)05.5+)12/0.55595-'0.2.,*/9G&')'-&'12(34'(()./6)*0:',*41-9315-&' 6*)4'-&.-15.4-12/*2-&'()*+,'-7%&'+.).0'-')915-&'0./21-3('*6(15-*)-1*235'(12-&' %\^0*(',.2(15-G*-10'5-&'(15-.24'<`BP(1:1('(;9-&'()*+,'-).(135<VB7

`{ V{

|{

}15-*)-'( ~2(15-*)-'(

>` _

(33)

!"#$%

& & &

& ' ( ) * * * ) + , , , -. / - -

-0 0 1

22 2 3&4&56

7. 8*

/

8- * - ) 9":$8:89$8! $:"9$4;!!3&4&569997!:9 %

<=

A

>

@

?

: @ @ B

B C

C C

A DE

B DE E DE B B B

F

F

F

F

G HL J G K IL 1 0 M G 0 GO P N

L Q R L

S T 3&4&(6

7 & U &* A V * , B W -. 1 8&

& U X * A W , B / F

-1 G 8 Y C

X Z

W DE DE

WW

1 @9 [

F

:$:994

99::"9W 1Z @4'8W 1VU '4@8W 1 8Y UW 1X (4@8 \]^_`a&bc4

;:":98":$

.

*!3&4&(69%

B DE

<=

1 C

<

U :G FB

=

3&4&6 d!":"3&4&(68!::3&4&'63&4&e6 f%

W WV1 VghiE,E8 J0QU &4e& B

<=

KR 3&4@6 ;jkl"4&e899!99 3&4&'63&4&e69!:9:94:9: 9!94"#7!::9 3:49964

mn

mn

op qrstuvwuxyz

ts{

|xz

z

}

~}

xr{

x€tz

{

(34)

!"#$%&%$$%&%'% $%(%%')%'%$)$$(& *$+$+$%'$$%,"-.%$''$/%$%$%%'%&% $'$%/$%0$$)+#%%$)%0/$ 0(%#%'$#$%$'%$%$-(&'% '$$%$%)$'%$%$$/$%'%% $1'$$$(((0%%'$/#$%(&'$ (0-

$$%%$%$$'($(%0&$''$%&'%- &203

4

5

! !

6 ! 6 ! 6/!

7 7 7 7 7

8 9 9 : : ;

< =

>

?

@ A B C D!-E6F

#3

6 7

9 $97!$%$%&%%#%'$&%%G

6 7

: $:7!$%'+)%G

4 5

! 6/!

-

HI

!

6

6-

!6

J

;

J

C

K

L

@ B

M

N

C

O

P

%&&0#

! ! 6 ! !

6

Q

7 7 7 7 7

: : 9

J

9

R

S

C

@

&

6-

!6

JT

G ! 7

8 %(&'%'$

7

!

$G

<

?

%%)%$%'(0%%#'$-

2$%#%$%%&20U$&%&%&#+3 6- &$$$&%%#'%

!- $%))%: :76C7!&%%#'%

E- &&0; 6/!

- ''$%%087! <

(35)

12345678967896 46543569697896

43696973959187379246 3 !"255946

355287324787598754#255928287595928$99758%39 736787595928&35

59782759792&3529757773#48759#8 738747338#2'8'&(5

)&*38'39732'8

+5,-38769'5 #8658%57382'

679%9.78%59.276597365275988%#47386!597#'5& ('738%88738'#.759759

/01234567895:;<7=;>?5@04>5;A5B5=04C4D5C<3BE5CF;>0?15GF45HD;@43 C<3BE5C0I2DBG0;?5>0GF5JB3G4C0B?5I4CF0?1

32'8###272898286%65## 6256594678559739$72759&

3 !"25594628287738557%#597

75989$9975859285924787598754397394 297'45928&12345678967896

73 !"255923892

84736787595973297'489675487 354736#2828759759

896W38978&38'59767738773 !"2559 56969789673873!'88759X2759)&*38397387575

3959187379246&

3 !"25594654576725597675735973842'4& 7324787598754#255928287595928$99758%39 736787595928&35847597597382"#672559

3529757773#48759#88758879

38#2'8'&(5Y89673873!'88759X2759 8###2722598Z875894359&

69'5 #8658%57382'8###27&35 679%9.78%59.276597365275988%#47386!597#'5&

8738'#.7597595965898X[*652759

=;>?5@04>5;A5B5=04C4D5C<3BE5CF;>0?15GF45HD;@437D4BA54AA4HG5A;2?=50?5B5 C<3BE5C0I2DBG0;?5>0GF5JB3G4C0B?5I4CF0?1\5]J;23G4CE5;A5^04_435`abcd5

##272898286%65##97475382594736896735 6256594678559739$72759&

3 !"25594628287738557%#5976725596527%&35 75989$9975859285924787598754397394#825973 1234567896789668465#564736#2828759 238927387627377824787598754&3465#564736 84736787595973297'4896754877325598557%& 354736#282875975985985928592478759875439

38'59767738773 !"2559 397387575

54576725597675735973842'4& 7324787598754#255928287595928$99758%39

82"#672559 8758879243 873!'88759X2759

##27&35 679%9.78%59.276597365275988%#47386!597#'5&

&

4AA4HG5A;2?=50?5B5

974753825947368967355

(36)

!"## $$"#$"%

&'()'###*$##$" !*+,-./#*%

. 0 0

1 12 3*$#"$% #*4#5678#* "%##%#$ ##"$#9* #

#:)56;8#&'()# +%+,-./##< #:) #=>#$=>?

#!***#$*

? 0

@B CDCA >@ !$A"E

F

G

. . .!

.

0 0 0 0 0

?

@ H H 1 1 I

> J

K A

L

B B C M 2

D ,-/

N"+,-/!+%$# 9#OOPQR-6# *##*

PQR-6&'()#9$ $"#!#%$E

. 4#'5678

#:)SOO56;8 - T*""*##

N###%@0 J

L

U N###"#

(37)

!!"""# !$!%&'&%&(&)*+$"!",!""- "!$*+.!"!,!"&

/0

/0

12 345

67

89:;<=

>?485

7

@A=

B"!",!!!,,"*, !$&!",C! ++-!,+!!"!D!!$E& ""-!,$+! "!*"! ,$&"!",$ !!"$!!&

!",,!"!"&$! "!",!""*" & ),"$,"&F+" ""!,"!""*"&G!"!""*"! *&H"+!!"!""*-*" ,*"!""!+C!""& )$IJKL+M!M!"IKNLO"&IPL*!"*" !".! !! Q&RIJPL!$"$" !"&O"&IPL*!"," *!&S$ !",OMC!",&

MQT*&%J* "*,,*"! ""!+" U,U!""U*-"&!!" !!",""",! &,",,$,!""!" ,,*"!$!!"",$,!""&, !"!"!!"""!"",**!"" "&!"""!""!*""&& "$!""!*"&*-""$ *",*"!*!&

(38)

!"#

$%&%&'()*+,*-)./0-1,23')1*4-1-)%&5(&617)1*4*+)%&7*,53&8)2(923&4)+3*:;$%&<'=1&( >)*?&-@<>A&B2')1*4-'(&'5531&62-14C)%&+141)&=*32,&,&)%*6)*-1,23')&+3216+3*:;$%& <'=1&(>)*?&-&B2')1*4-5(&-&4))2(923&4)=1-7*-1)D'-E&D4*36--)(&--&-F'46'(&'55317'93&+*( <&:)*41'4+3216-*43D;$%&(&'(&)%(&&61++&(&4)./0-1,23')1*4)D5&-F4',&3DF01(&7) <2,&(17'3>1,23')1*4@0<>AFGH>F'46E&D4*36-I=&('C&<'=1&(>)*?&-@EI<>A;

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

0<>(&-*3=&-'333&=&3-*+)2(923&47&61(&7)3D2-14C)%&<'=1&(>)*?&-&B2')1*4-6*:4)*)%& -7'3&*+V*3,*C*(*=;$%1-1-)%&,*-)'772(')&-1,23')1*4,&)%*6'-'33)%&)2(923&4)3&4C)% -7'3&-'(&7*,52)&661(&7)3D2-14C)%&<>&B2')1*4;W*:&=&(F1)1-1,5('7)17'3+*(61&-&3&4C14& -1,23')1*49&7'2-&)%&*(6&(*+)%&7*,52)')1*4'3(&B21(&,&4)147(&'-&-14)%&*(6&(*+ ,'C41)26&*+E&Q1;&;E&D4*36-42,9&()*)%&5*:&(*+)%(&&;

(39)

!"#$%&'(' )'#$%&*''+()'' '),'' &-& ''' ' .%&!/0&' '''''' * '+'''1' ,1' )''!

&'2.+3!45''+'(*1#$%& '6789'#(*'/0& &- &':&-&;!".%&''+''&'2.'''' '1'(!

.'<'''+ ,'' '=>?@A*&'2.+3!45''>?A*/'!>?4A*'B',''B' >3CA!"D''''' '(('!.''1 ' D!E +*'('D '('++' /'1'1' /0&'!"' 1( '''(*'/0& '1' !"&-& '''(('<!

FG

HI JKLMN

OPQ

LRS

TUVWXYZS

/'+ '+ ''''1( '('(','(''1!E +*( [['+' *'(('1'' 1''(1#( '1!"<' (')'11''+'' ''''!

"''(',(' *'( BE '+'BE#"(*'+''( '+(1+('E\]'!"' '+( ' '[!

(40)

!"# !$

%&'"($) ! $*! "# + "# "$,+#- "!#$./ +0" "!$

Figure

Updating...

References

Updating...