Numerical and experimental analysis of diesel spray dynamics including the effects of fuel viscosity

Full text

(1)

7

79

96

79

!"#$%&%' #(!(" ) $$"$($%"! $$*'&# &$ !"*)((%'$* +*%!(" )&%"$(&,(-2%#!(%'.&%+&- ("*)( !"*&%& /0$* (-& (*%+&&1* "$(2 &#3$* $$* &%(# !(#& !"#$%&( &# 4"&$ !($#($* $"! $" $%'$*(" )"*)((/5""!)&,$*(.&%+!#,$% & !!)"#$#(!(" )#)& ( $($*%#%'($#)&,$*"*)((%'#(! (" )/

6* #7 &$ ,(&(&,& !(! $%&%74"&$ !($#(/84"&$ ! ($#( %'$&7)4"&(7 &#$2%&(&,9+*!($(! $%&(%'!4-!/:% 4 "!9* &,&,$*(* "%'$*4"&$ !%-($%&* -+%!#; !%$%' *&&,+%.9+*!$(<($ $$%'* &,&,$*#(,&&$*%"$'%& ! (! $%&/5& $(! $%& &-(# ($%%!$%($#)$*(" )+$*%$%&'%&$&, $*!$ $%&(%'4"&$ !;"&$/:%4 "!9$*4"&$ !($2"'%&#& 1* "$=;$! !)(*%+($* $$* !$ $%&(&%-(7&,$*#&(,%&%'$* (" )/

6* !(%#( #7 &$ ,(&!)&,%&& !(! $%&&( */6*&% !!) (("$%&(& *%#!$* $("!')$*"*)(( &#$*(9!$$*$*%$ ! )%' $*"#$%&/6*!$ $%&($%$*%"$&,(%( &#%"$&,("# &#$*( (!$&#, ##(! $%& )/6* ($!! &)!$ $%&(+$*$*%"$&, "%+$* $(&$!) 7 ! -!/>%($"*)( !"*&%&%&($-($## &#"%7& 4"&$ !!) &#$*& ""!#$%& !%#!/6*( &($* $4"&$ !$*%#(& &)+ )( &%! -!&(&$'( */

6*,% !(%'$*(* "$$%?

3/ @27 ! $$* )%'7 %(A , &, &(-2%#!(+$* '!!(" ) (! $%&/

(2)

!"#$%" #!&$'# &(#&&

)" !&!# %& *(+" ,+&+#-. (##%&" & *(" # . (#/ "#"! &" %((#!&$#.(#! &%&. ( %% #% &#- 0 #-. (#/"! &" . (#0 & *( ! ($0"$ &# - 0 #-. (#)" *(#%" #.( #!&$+#" 1! &. (& #(# %&."! &2& #"03(($4 #&!%" # (#!&$$.#-# " 1! &. (. &(& #(##!&* )" #%0&!5+ # 0#6&7*8 %&.79!" ($##%& #(#0#! &%&. #+:(-*;<

=>

?@ AB

CB

DEDB

FGHI

J

KHHLCMDB

FGHJ

EGNJ

OFLGNEPQJ

RFGNB

DB

FGHJ

/"! &4((& ( *. (#"& #.( " # (#!&$0 & *( )" *(#( "($ &$! #%. (#(- # )" *((# & * ( "" & 0 & (.###.!#" #.(#)" # ##.!#4 (.#-&$#& #&- " &9("+"(( .!#0 & . !&* " .#& (##.(!##-( 4" & 0 & #(((.#0""(- * &. )" $&(# #&- - (0

=>

?>

?@ SGTUFVVW

XJ

YB

CMW

B

ZB

[EDB

FGJ

(3)

!" ""# $$#$"%$# %$""&'"$(#$

) #" $# # "&'"##!*$'+#%,#!" %# #! -$(.#/&%%"$$$#' &##$# -$(#/, !" "%# "&'&##$%$%#+'"( ""$# "( ) $" %$$&##$! "( ""%$"($'"%*'# $($#% "#$## 001$#$-""#$/) #$+'!"#$("# # # " $$"#*$$#'# #$$#$#"# %$1&"$# "&'#*(%% #'$# $"$) %$1&"$# "&'$""%*'!# #*# "##"%"*"2#$#$(#! $ # ($%#($$#"# # "&'-"# "&'"##%$"""$$"#$34(%#$"/5 ""%# """#$# "&'-$# 1'1$"/1&%" 2$6'#+("+() $"#"*##$$#$%$#$# (%$# " $"#*$$#'(#$

78

98

:; <=>?@

ABC

DE=FA@

C

GHHIJ?BK

>LC

,M$(#$& ""$(#$$#$"""'#&%&#"-&#$"/$# &$%### ##(*&"$# %($) $"(6"# "$(#$ (&##$'"$*N+$"!6%# #"$(#$"#" +" !# ## "$(#%("### "&'($""$($#1&$(#"#") $"%%""&&# ## +$%$#'# %&#&""(&#$

) #"##$# &$O#$#!"$# %41.

&"&"%

) $"2#"#%1.&"#("## "##$O#$,#!"%# #

(*&"&+$%%*##"&'!+$"$"#$*### "#%% (&##$"&%

78

98

P; QAHRC

SK

TAC

UK

JK

BEBK

>LC

(4)

!!"##$%&'()!*"+$!,% &-.-/,!*+#-$."!-.*/!.!,,$! "!-..!#$#'01.-234(

5,$!"!-.6789-.#!.%&-.-/,!*( 5'01.-234$-!78:;(<-#!--.$ (= $*78>;(+!,**./!!"*!;(!-.$ $$-!()!*"+,!!. $$!.!-!,<-##!/+ -.$.-!"$!.-$#-(5"-#! #"$#.-!#(

=!*"!-.!,#!/?/$#!+-$!@@?!+ ,$!"!-.!!(5.!!*.$"!-. $!#!"!#-.$!(A#!""-!+* ,!-#..-.$"!-.*!-#;(BBB?;(BBB?;(BBB..!;(;B3 ..B(5.. ",$!./#!!"!-.!,$.+-*

!@@#.!,C;D.(E-+$-.-!$!-#! .!#!@@!/$ (

=./!!!#!/$!!$$-/#$!,,$! "!-.#-!$!$$,!..-/#!/$!!(5!$$-$.!,<- *#!//!/-!#+$!-/#*-!,)-F!.!.! .!#(5/!.$.##-G=H0.!#+#"!/#/!,/ *!I+ #J-.!#K$!,,$OLMN!#$$!!6<-!6B(9

!,$!B((C,!#9(

PQ

RQ

ST UVW

W

X

YZZ[\]^_

`aX

'01-./$*$$-!,!%&'.-!(5.!-#* !!,)b'0$!(5$-.,!*!$!, $.* ?$,!.#!/!#"$"!$$-( 5,!*#I$ !**(

PQ

RQ

PT ca^defge`]W

d^X

h`W

W

_

Z_

`aX

YZZ[\]^_

`aX

(5)

!"#$%&$'('%$&)*%*+%%%, &*-$+#*+,*'.%.$,)+)%*%$)*+ /,)*&%#0$,+$%)%.&*%*1)$.-$** +)$&)%*$*-$%**$$)(*%*+*&% )%*%,)$*,*%%+*&*'$%)$)),*%*&% ,)2**)%!!3

)*)))*#$'&)*)%+$&)*'%.%**/0 %)*%.$&%-$$&)'%*4,,+**/0%. $&&&,%%$&)+$&)**%***#$&)'%/ -$&//%%0+$)*))&//%%0+***+%*%% 567,(89!:$,89;:

<*=/$8 ":$&%,,,***,&%*%$1%*%.$ )%*%/$%,)/%++,%**&0)/,*%)$/)%%*2* *)%!!+%*3>'#*%)$%*%&)%*%, %**&0)%%*#$?5'*,*%$+,*&0*%,%

@A

BA

CD EFGH

IIH

JKL

MGNOPQIL

EH

RIS

H

TH

UOFH

VJL

-$%&W>7-$0/%)%*$W>/(,&899:$)),*$ *%&&%./(,&&)**2*)% !3-$%*(*)),+$+,%*)*%0 '$%)$*/)),)0%%*),*+,2**)% +$,%*,*3 >'#$),%&%*&%)$*$%.+&*+$& *&)$%&)-$%*%*/),* !"*&%$*&%+ 1%*%.&)*%,%&*&)*X*,))**+,&*'2**)%!3 %&*$%.+**+$&&

-$&*%&%0'*$,)%+$%+$&&)# '$%)$*%,,*0%)**$&)6*&&&,%-$%*%++)*$$ *&*0/&&0

(6)

!""# #!$ %&"#!%!##&&!' (&&)*+ & !#%&"#%$$#"$)"%%&"#*+)"%%&"#)!#!", !%# !%&# -""! #%$$!#-")#.),& %##& !#%&"#*

/01234567859::2;<3=<0>?5>@5<A45BC50?;<=D0:0<E5D34=F2G5G3>H4;;I5

J !""# #!$#KLMNO,&",!# #!*+!))"# & !#& )" !%#%)# !"#)"%& )"*KLMNO&") ###&&! &)'.& #!#)"%%&"#P, #$,& #%&"#& )"*+& #! $,#& !#& )"))!$$)!#)"%%&"#, ))," #%*

/01234567Q59::2;<3=<0>?5>@5B9RS7T5G=3H4:5=::>H=<0>?5U230?15BC5U3>G:4<5D34=F2GI5VA45HA0:U5 U3>G:4<;5=345;4G=3=<4U50?<>5=5U0@@434?<5G=3H4:5WA4?5<A45<><=:5X=;;5>@5<A45HA0:U5U3>G:4<;50;5 ;2@@0H04?<:E5:=314I55

Y& !#P& )"

Y)"%P& )"

Z#&&%Y)"%P

%&"#

(7)

!"#" $% &'()*+##,-##.) /$#$##,-##.""#.)0,. % &'$ #""!#.$. 1)

23456789:;8<==5>?6@?3AB8AC8?D783EF=7E7B?7G8H?@6:IJ8K;LMN8F@6O7=8@==AO@?3AB8G563B48PQ8 G6AF=7?8R67@S5FL8T==8G6AF=7?>8@67846A5F7G8@>8AB78F@6O7=8U3?D8@B8@K76@478G6AF=7?8G3@E7?76L8

0"#!. "#" $.$" "$###VWXY"Z "1,""[$!!. $#\$, )] !!. "$#\,.$ ! $###$$#\"" . #.)^([%_'!!. $,1"#!. )0,. %_'.."!$#("$#!.)0!" $.#.. $###$"\[, !" $#"!...1!....!%_')0 %_'$, % &'"#" $.$."#$ `]a/ ,.$)0$ ,!. !!. ".#1. [ # $.b#" V. c)*Z$ "!. .

#1. $1$d. #)

ef

g8 hijklm

nop

p

m

hq

rop

ksq

tum

hvswoim

0. $.,$ !!" #$!($ ! b#" )0"$.,$. ) -.$ $$!^x%&" #)0 #$ .# $ -!.$^x%&b#" $.,$&# c)

y

_#

(8)

!"#

$"

%&'()*'+(,+,-*&'./01(232453+'678()9'+:(*&+,5)9'96,+)'+2;%&'6+,222'6*(,)383+'3,- *&'2453+'678()9'+(2<=><=??:(*&<@??6,+)'+-(88'*2;%&'*,*388')A*&,-*&'678()9'+ (2<B=??3)9,)'36&2(9'*&'+'(23)399(*(,)38C,85?'-+,?*&'+'6'22'9:()9,:2;%&'83+A' 6+,222'6*(,)383+'3(2*,+'956'*&':388'--'6*,)*&'2D+37;%&'*,*38()*'+)38C,85?',-*&' ./01(2?39'5D,-*&'+,5)96,+)'+'92453+'678()9'+3)9*&'-,5+399(*(,)38C,85?'23**&' +'6'22'9:()9,:2;%&'*,*38C,85?'(2E;F@>=G??@;%&'2'2D'6(-(63*(,)2:'+'3DD8('9*,*&'

?'2&9'2(A);

H!IJ

K!I#

L

%&'A+(92')2(*(C(*73)3872(2()*&'6,88(2(,)?,9'8'C3853*(,)M2''2'6*(,)@;EN2&,:'9*&3*OP0 :322')2(*(C'*,6&3)A()AA+(92(Q';R,892:,+*&7S=T&322&,:)*&3*3UVW0*5+X58')6'?,9'8 (26,?D3+3*(C'878'222')2(*(C'*,6&3)A()AA+(92(Q';Y()(?(2()A*&'6'88C,85?':(88 '--'6*(C'87()6+'32'*&'+3)A',-8')A*&2638'22,8C'9X7*&'9(+'6*W3C('+0*,Z'2'453*(,) ?'*&,9,-6386583*()A-85(9-8,:3)99'6+'32'*&'0R0?,9'8()-85')6';.,:'C'+[()*&'632',- O3A+3)A(3)\P58'+(3)?58*(D&32'2(?583*(,)[*&'+'(238,:'+8(?(**,*&'2(Q',-*&'6'88C,85?' 95'*,*&'-+36*(,)38C,85?'8(?(*M2''2'6*(,)G;;@N;

]+,?C3+(,52*+(382[(*:32-,5)9*&3*36'88C,85?',-3DD+,>(?3*'87=;=@B??@:32*&'8,:'+

8(?(*-,+*&'65++')*632',-9('2'82D+37[3)9*&3**&'+':'+')5?'+,526'882+'36&()A,+ '>6''9()A*&'-+36*(,)38C,85?'8(?(*3**&'),QQ8''>(*+'A(,);^-388*&'()*'+)38C,85?',-*&' ./01:32?,9'88'9:(*&*&'?()(?5?6'88C,85?',-=;=@B??@[*&'+':,589X'

(9)

!"#$%!&&!$#'()*+ "+,-%+%.++%&/&#+012022++,3%4/% .%12++!%%%""5#""&#"#%+!&"#+"%! !!&/!%#!/%+44+ /!6,$,7&##/" +&"#"#%+!*8%!&!+4#/"""&!/%#%&&!%""+ %+&""&,3/!&%"&%!%"5%""5//&%9+/%!"%

%42++%5!%!,!%!%!&/!%!"%"&%!:%""+"%!! &!#%&%!#2+,3+"%!%"&%!!.+!%"&%%#+ '()*!12;2++!%! ,,92+$%!&%!4"

&##!/4!.+!%""%!&!+/%""/!,,$,6% ":%!!/%5+&"%!#""+,

7!&##!+!%"&!!:&%!&4",

<=>?@ABCDEBFAGHAIBJKL?MABKNBOHABPQRSB?GAIBNK@BT?MA@=UVLBG=M?LVO=KTBKNBOHABI=AGALBGW@VXYB FVZ=M?MB[=IOHB\B]^EBMM_BMVZ=M?MBHA=>HOB\B`aaBMM_BUHVMbA@BJKL?MABEYcdBZB]acBMMdYB

3&##!%&##!#+!&:4%""+%&%+ ,3/!/"+! $/!%!#!+,3!!+ +%+%&#2,eee++"!/""#""&452,ff1++"!/"",3+ /4%!&%!"%&%"+#2,2e1++e%!&2,0f++e/""/"5,3

(10)

!"##$""%$!& '!'!'&&() *+#$+, %-$ ./0+&#$1,$%&+,$,#$&&-+,,$"-( -$1,+%%$#'&&($&/%$1,+2*3'4*54(

)-%66$+,%$,$$1789:&(&+&#$11, ,%$1$&#%%$##/ ,$%,(1&!##$1 -$1,&/%(

;<=>?@ABCBAD?EFFCF@GH<EIAJ<@KAELAMNODAP@FQ@RAJES>P@TAUQ@AL<I@A<II@?AVIRAE>H@?AP@FQAWA =?@@IXAGEV?F@AP@FQAWA?@RXAK<IREKAGVJ<HYAP@FQAWAZS>@TA

(11)

!!""#$%& '()*""" !(("!"( +,"'(""!(()*! !(('(! -'(." (!")

/01234567859:1;0<04=5>3?@@7@4>A0?;5?<5AB45CDEF5G4@B4=5H?I2G4J5KB45AB34453410?;@5 @B?L;5:345AB450;;435<0;45G4@B53410?;M5?2A435<0;45G4@B53410?;5:;=5AB45>?:3@45G4@B5 3410?;J5KB45>?:3@45L0;=?L5>:H0AN5G4@B50@5;?A5@B?L;J5

OP

QP

R5 ST

UVW

XYT

Z[\

]Z^_W

`\

*(""'a!"b))b)c b'""" (-. "!""d("!"! " - "()e&-"fg"""" "!"!d (( !-"(""hi%a!"f)c)* -d(!"(-. "d("-(!""!"!" - "((-."jkl% (("!m)k("g"!" (" hi%"-(!""""("!""n-"(-.) o """'("a!"f)cg"!."(((" "'(""!-d(".""" ()&m"(.g(("" ( (('(")

*dp- ('("a!"f)bc ""d"j"qrp s#j* dp- (!( - !"!!"%tr)#'g"j"qrp (d "!()*s# ((.d("- ! (""" ( !""ou)vam"ab)bwcc)*"("-d( '( (-.)

e

aw)fffc

z"

aw)vc

&

a)fff{c

(12)

!!"#$!% %&

'()*+,-./,0122(34,56,78+,259+*:,1:+9,;<,78+,=>0?,:;21*(7;5<@,

A"BCDEFCD GHIJIKLJM N!DHJIKLJOPQD%OPQ!CCD !%HIKLJRSK

B"FB"FD%

TFD%"#"U B VCWACU"!%HIJIKLJ XMV!%HLCYZ[JGS[S&\JG[\

YCCD!% OQ]Y!%C^"%CD_FD"CDJ`!C"D%aUCD C!FF""FCDD%DCb "F"Fc[ Y BCDb!% d"RCD"BCDeFCDZ&\f

" DF!% ghT " DFCijkTNT!%J YU[S&SJYl[&S

C!BCW m[n

F$$CFCDCDXMV!%"%E %CYZ[D%G[\eFCDZ&$"

%C$o CDD%F$$CFCDf&VF$$CFCDUB%$ c $ YZ[&^ !" "CC! CD"!%C%C$$"Dc $GCDF %CDbG[IS&

"C"c%G[\B"% F%F%"BCW" D%B"#" F "F!B"%

B C%RB"C!D" &CFD$C"!%$CD%CDb$"!N"c"&HL"C bb%G %cc "DbCDb$"!I\&

OQ]Y!%eFCDZ&If %C^"%CD_FD"CDH\pLJ`!C"D% aUCDC!FF""FCDH\LD%DCb "F"Fc&

bq%"BF BCDb!% %c"R!%%D$CD%CDb$FCD Z&&

" DF!%% CDbghTCUTNT!%&T"YA!D HIKL "F!!D% $Cb""%"BC%CF"CCDF! FODD `%cFCDD%VFD" FCDTF!eO`VTfCD%CDb$F"$b""DS&D% JO`VTFDBC%CF"CCDF!&Y"DU^CFD_!B" %CF"CCDF!FD"F!!D%%#T"YA!D &C%CF"CCD F!B"cC%!RC! !c$ " D%CB"CDD% J"C!CDC! ! %!BCDbD " D" F " CDbCD!%&"C% "DF$" o CDUBDS&SS&

(13)

!

"

#$$%&'()*+,%,)*-.'/$,(0%'+%&'1234'5/'.,6'*%0$-'%7/89&',*:'(%,)*60--;$)<.0%'/.);,$' <0-%0='*;.)6%&'6'0-7.'6'*%-+'-(.,>'+,*-'(%,)*#//'*+,5489&'-,6/$,;,'+/.);,$' ;)7*+,*-'(%,)*48?@-''A,B7.'4CD<0-/.)B.066'+,*%)%&'-,67$0%,)*8

90>$'?E-&)<-%&'-7660.F);%&'1234-,67$0%,)*()*+,%,)*-89&',*,%,0$()*'0*B$' <0->0-'+)*%&''5/'.,6'*%0$.'-7$%-+'-(.,>'+,*-'(%,)*C8E89&'.'-7$%--&)<'+%&0%%&' *0..)<'-%()*'0*B$'<0-;)7*+:7-%0;%'.%&'>'B,**,*B);%&',*:'(%,)*@0%%GH8E6-D89&'

'5/'.,6'*%0$.'-7$%--&)<'+%&';7$$()*'0*B$'.0*B,*B;.)6?I%)I8#-0.'-7$%J%&'&0$; ()*'0*B$'<0-'-%,60%'+%)>'-)6'<&'.',*%&'6,++$');%&'%<)K0$7'-0*+%&'&0$;()*' 0*B$');L8?I@).MI;7$$()*'0*B$'D<0-(&)-'*0-%&',*,%,0$()*'0*B$'8

NOPQRSTUVWXXOYZ[\]^R\WQQ_`XWQO]`[ab[ac`]`[a_d

e)ff$'+,06'%'. ECHg6 e)ff$'+,-(&0.B'()';;,(,'*% H8Mh

i'0*,*:'(%,)*/.'--7.' HL8Mi20@j*:'(%,)*/.);,$' ;.)6-'(%,)*#//'*+,54D j*:'(%,)*+7.0%,)* L

6-10$;()*'0*B$' L8?I

A7'$ k,'-'$JM?l40*)$0),$ A7'$%'6/'.0%7.' m))6%'6/'.0%7.'@E?I4D

n0- #,.

4&06>'./.'--7.' EHJHJCH>0. n0-+'*-,%F E8CJ?8JCh8M=Bo6

n0-%'6/'.0%7.' m))6%'6/'.0%7.'@E?I4D

(14)

!!"#$%#&'%"%"(&$(($ )(#%$$ " * (( *#($$'($+&'&(#,(%"#)-('""%&'(*(&*,(&'(( .%"&!,("/)$ "!**&,0'!%,,($ &*' &( !* (((",0&0&+%"(&,* "&,0(%"#&,1'(&,)

23456789:7;<==3>?7@A7BC67DC?EFG357D>@D6>BF6E7@A7BC67HF6E657A<6573IH7BC67J8K7G3I@537@F57 <E6H7FI7BC67EF=<53BF@IL7

M (#% N&$ OPQ,&

M *,&(#RS/0T!U VR W

X&'&(#RS/0TS!UU W)WWRR W)WR

Y "$'(,&,SZT!U W)W Z([

) Q&"(&,*&$ \Y]^_`ON\aYbOV R) c "*("!(!%"( "

) d$",'(]*!()eVfg]/("()eVWfg-#+,*b"h'/&efg,*N,() eOf

ij

k7 lmnompnq

mpr

stuvw

r

xymw

zm{q

tp|r

% "%$"+ (&,0(}0",0&,!*S&))(!&(&,!*g',*"# "/ %!*,*'&&,!*U($ "("+ ((!* ,*"$&! (&, ',*&(&,)a,Q%("(!*"+ (*&,*%,*,(#&( (&,("'(&,$"! (" !*)

(!&(&,!*+ (&,S'(&,)U$ ,*((((c~a!*( %"* '*',&*"#!"*"%((,(.%"&!,(" ()&(('&&,!* '(&+(*g'','!&0(&,'"(*"%&h((&(&'!%"((.%"&!,( " ()

',*"#"/ %+ (&,&,Q%("*(((&!%!,(*€d!* %"* '*&!&"" ((€aX]‚ &(&,€d!*)a($ ,*(((€ !*,*d&(hN&/"!*%"*&'(*&!&"*"%&h((€d!*)+"g( €!*,#(%"*&'((*"%&h'' "(#&(+ $('$$&'&,( -ƒ)O)]**&(&,#g(€!*,( *' (€d!*$$'(&+#

(15)

!"# $ %&'%() $* !"# $ % % &+$,-% $ %& '%($.%%,

-$ %'*($ %& $/!0$%$% . %( %* )1 % *2& +$,-%%( )'%34/ % #5,

67

87

9: ;<=><?=@

<?A

BCDEFGHIJ

A

BIKECLA

-$ (&$%(% ,M,4%'% 3**$ %&*%')%(&$ %,

$ ' $ $ %&'%&N. 0&O(O$ %%!"# $ %,-& %)$)% %PQ &%' ,-%$ &% & ('% ) $ %&(' , R&% )$ &% +$ &%PQ ' ,

- %)(O$ %%% (O' &STN-$ % %N.0&O$ %,- %)(O' & )& $ ' & $%,-U$ % '*3** $ %%%( %%% '$,")$ &% +$&%,

- $ %' ' '%'*%%'*!"#$ %,3O ' )$ &% +$ &'%& $ %%,- &% (' )$ ,-U "VN O$ %% )$" *$(' ) $ %& % (% ()*' )1U 1M,W22,R )%)& '%,

(16)

!"

#$%&

"

'( &

)

!"

*+,-+./01-,0234--567863092+-38:;677<98/639=0+63092=9,-7+>-/--567863-,>0343 4-?-03@A0>6B6/1/-6B8:=9,-762,CDEF.9770+092=9,-7G*+8==6/H9<67734-:9++017-.6+-+ 0++49>202I617-JKG

LMNOPQRSTMUVMWUXMWMYZ[X\MYXZW[Z]PO\WZ[XWMOP^MO_MYXZW`M\P\a

b9G c8-73H:- *39=0+63092

=9,-7 1/d-.92,6/-6B8:=9,-7H CDEF+363=9,-78+ A0-+-7 e791 ?-03@A0>6B6/ E2 f A0-+-7 g84h9+=62 ?-03@A0>6B6/ E2 i A0-+-7 CjD ?-03@A0>6B6/ E2 K A0-+-7 CjDf ?-03@A0>6B6/ E2 Jk lJmF62976907 e791 ?-03@A0>6B6/ E2 k lJmF62976907 g84h9+=62 ?-03@A0>6B6/ E2 lk lJmF62976907 CjD ?-03@A0>6B6/ E2 nk lJmF62976907 CjDf ?-03@A0>6B6/ E2

b93-okI4-+-.6+-+>-/-927H/820<34-/-+873+</9=.6+-+39K>-/-<982,391-.9=:6/617 ->03434--p:-/0=-2367/-+873+G

qrsrtruv wxyz{|}x{y~€y‚ƒ|„…}ƒ†}x{y~‡‚|†ƒx|

c0ˆ8/-Jl+49>+34-:-2-3/63092:793>034/-+:-.33930=-9<34-<98/,0<<-/-23639=0+63092 =9,-7+62,34--p:-/0=-2367/-+873+GD234-7-ˆ-2,;e791+362,+<9/34-?-03@A0>6B6/ 639=0+63092=9,-7;g84+362,+<9/34-g84h9+=62639=0+63092=9,-7;?-03@+362,+<9/?-03@ A0>6B6/1/-6B8:=9,-7;62,34-.‰02,0.63-+346334-CDEF=9,-7>6+38/2-,92G

(17)

!!" # !$ "% &'!" (

)*+,-./012/3.4.5-65*74/-65./78/59./87,-/:*88.-.45/:*.;.</;=-6>/;*?,<65*74;/@7?=6-.:/A*59/ 59./.B=.-*?.456</-.;,<5;C/D4/6<</@6;.;E/59./F.*5G1H*A6I6-/J-.6I,=/64:/KDLM/@7<<*;*74/ ?7:.<;/A.-./,;.:E/:*.;.</8,.<E/6N+C/3*OPQR/K36E/H47GOSTQ/U?E/36OVQ/J6-E/5PO0/?;C/

(18)

!! "#$%&'$()*%$!+%#!$!' $+,!& % $$-&!+$ ''$./ 0'!''" !! "#$%&1'$. /$'$#! $&2% +22#$%&1'$3#!$#4'' &,#,%$'#$'$3#!$$ 0'4.

56789:;<=>;?9@AB:C;DE?;FGH;IED;JFB8:K;L@9;H6:K:B;KA9FM;N@OAF96G7;H6LL:9:GC;FC@O6KFC6@G; O@H:BK;PK6OAB6L6:H;K6O8BFC6@G;FGH;L8BB;K6O8BFC6@GQ;R6CS;CS:;:TA:96O:GCFB;9:K8BCKU;I:K8BCK; CFV:G;FC;N@@9H6GFC:;P>WXXYUZQ[<U;?6:K:B;L8:BW;FJ7U;\6]X^_;E\FW;?G@`]Ya^;bOW;\F]Z^;cF9W;CX]<;

OKU;;

/!' $+'$$ d+ $$ !', $+ $-&!+$ ''$./ ,%+ $ 3ef.g4..!! % ''"#!$,+$ '& " - +%f.g!!#!$ +11'.h+%$ !&'##,+$+!0#%&'$& ,' $$&,#%', $+e$ +, "$-& +%$', $+$#+$2'!./ %++) $' 0./&%,$% & "% $ #!$i!-&$%+$) $' 0.) $' 0$+,+2$%$- +%"

,%+ $+$ % '%$ +,$$1 - $+.j0$#$% $ -$ ,$% $$,+%$+$ $$ % '%$ +, k!!#!$+31 -,+$'+4.j ,+%,+%$+ $+ &&'%$$+$#%&'$./,+%$+$ $%$ $$ %&'$!$0+$+#f.gk!!+$1 -./'$ + ++'% $$ #l ,,$+em-m!!.

n on pn qn rn sn tn un vn wn x yz { | }o { | }p ~ € ‚ ƒ „… †‡ x yz ‚ƒ „… †‡ { | }o ‚ƒ „… †‡ { | }p ‚ƒ „… †‡ ˆ ‰Š „‹ …Œ „ † Ž {  ‚ ‘ ‚ƒ { Ž ‚’“ Œ ” ‚ ‚ Ž{ ƒ{Ž

*'#''!' $+ +%-&!+$

(19)

!"# $ % &$'!('

)*+,-./0/.1233*45.67.8469,-:.1;<.*=8.>;1.?*,2-@.764.8A-@-,.@94*5.B639*4A=C.8A77-4-=:. *:63A@*:A6=.368-,@.D@A39,A7A-8.@A32,*:A6=.*=8.72,,.@A32,*:A6=E.FA:G.:G-.-H9-4A3-=:*,. 4-@2,:@I.>-@2,:@.:*J-=.*:.B6648A=*:-.DKLMMNIOEP/I.<A-@-,.72-,L.*?CI.QARMST.;Q*L.<=6URNVS.

W3L.Q*ROS.+*4L.:MR/.3@I.

XY ! Z![ #! \]^&_( `]\&_( a`]\\]^ ^ b c d d ef'f g'$ $h ^ ]ij d d k'l 'f gkh ^ ]ijg d d l'm $'$ ggh ^ Zn ^`%[o ]jd# 'f l'k geh ^ b c ^`%[o ]jd# e' l'k $mh ^ ]ij ^`%[o ]jd# p'l m' h ^ ]ijg ^`%[o ]jd# k'f 'e gkh ^ qr g$'k 'm $eh j Zn!b c! %!"Y \]^'f_!e'_"Y's !`]\&`]\a\]^(% rY$mh's !`]\ %! !o !n \]^ Y's Zn! b c !"YY rg$'k_% $eh &`]\a\]^('s ]ij!]ijg!n %!%\]^" p'l_!k'f_%h!gkh&`]\a\]^("Y'

s !o %!t %]ij!%n!Y 'Z Zn!b c!t"!o% % n% r'

(20)

!" #$$#%#$&&!$ "'()&* )+%&&'&,)-'$$#$ (

.$/)0%##1&2345#$&#$#$'#2 %$62$#& &(* )7$#$1%##1& 2$8(*$#$%9:;"<<(=>?)/$"%$ 62$#%9:;"<<(=>(

*,)-'$21$#$%345@<(0A#%$7-:B43C345>( *$345%#$62$#345'$',)-'$ &62$#345(

DEFGHIJKLMJNHOPQIRJSTNJUVWJXTSJYUQGIZJ[O\PUHEVFJR]IJZE\GQUREOVJUVWJI^PIHE\IVRUQJ HIZGQRZJ_]IVJR]IJ`GIQJYEZ[OZERaJ_UZJ[]UVFIWbJXIZGQRZJRUcIVJURJ[OOHWEVURIJdefgghbijkKbJ lYFbJmEngoMJTmUfJNVOpnhqoJr\fJmUnioJsUHfJRgnKJ\ZbJ

2$8"$%'2% '/$/&!$'$1(

t u vt vu wt wu xt xu y z{ |} ~ € ‚ ƒ „… † €‡ ˆ  y z{ |} ~ € ‚ ƒ „… † €‡ ˆ  ‰ Š ‹ }Œ ˆ }~ Š ‰ }Ž ‡  } } ‰Š‹ ~Š‰

,)-'$21 5$21

(21)

!"#$%&!'$()*"+&,#-)+#+&&! ."+&#)#)/-&#- (+)*)+#/)*-&,!0')#)#1&#*!+&# 23455607890:(,0;+<5=>$;4%&?<6@=A4;<7=4#5<)0

BCDEFGHD IFJKLKJPDEMNFLJO QRDNSCHKJPDE TUVWXKY ZUTWXKY [ZUTTUV VLDMDE QEJ\ ZDLF]VL^NSNR _`a b`c de VLDMDE fgHDRLKDOF h`c _` hde abeiNOJENJLE QEJ\ ZDLF]VL^NSNR `_ `d ce abeiNOJENJLE fgHDRLKDOF hj`a j`c je klDQEJ\NFJKLMNFLJOKJPDENOPFlDUmniKJPDEPJOJFlNoDNOGoLMpJMLFGFDRKFlNF^JCEP LOqECDOpDFlDPRJHML]DPCDFJoLMpJMLFGplNOrD`IEEJFlDRMC\KJPDEM^DRDRCEDPJCF\DpNCMD FlDGPJOJFPLRDpFEGLOqECDOpDFlDPRJHML]DplNOrD`klLMEDqFFlDZDLF]VL^NSNR\RDNSCHKJPDE NMFlDHJMML\EDpNCMDJqFlDpJOFRNPLpFJRGRDMCEFM`klLM^LEE\DPLMpCMMDPLOFlDODgFMDpFLJO`

st

ut

u vwxyz{|}~

€}w|‚ƒ

„y{w…

†

‡ˆ|…

‚|‰Š

yz

IMPDMpRL\DPLOFlDDoNECNFLJOMDFCH‹F^JMDpJOPNRG\RDNSCHKJPDEM^DRDDoNECNFDP^LFlFlD ZDLF]VL^NSNRWQEJ\YNFJKLMNFLJOKJPDENOPUmnipJEELMLJOKJPDE`klDMCKKNRGJqNEEFlD HJMML\EDpNMDMLMMlJ^OLOkN\EDba`klDRD^DRDDqqDpFLoDEGJOEGF^JOD^pNMDMFJRCO‹NMpNMD NOPh^DRDFlDMNKDNMpNMDNOPjJqkN\EDbjRDMHDpFLoDEG`

Œ,&,+&)*&!1"!)(#+&*))0

ŽJ` BCDEFGHD IFJKLMNFLJO

KJPDE \RTDpJOPNRDNSCHKJPDEG UmniMFNFKJPDECM  VLDMDE QEJ\ ZDLF]VL^NSNR nO

VLDMDE QEJ\ ‘Zk nO h abeiNOJENJLE QEJ\ ZDLF]VL^NSNR nO j abeiNOJENJLE QEJ\ ‘Zk nO ŽJFD’klDMDpNMDM^DRDFNSDOqRJKFlDNFJKLMNFLJO‹\RDNSCHNOPpJEELMLJODoNECNFLJOM`

(22)

!"# $%&"'()"*+(%,-".)%(,)"

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`^:0;8abc^]^H9B4?>=BUJVWH9B4?I D843472?;7789:4B;8>;;8434:434=9F070C?4B0@@434=A47C4;:44=;844G<430H4=;>?<4=4;3>;09= 3>;47>=B;8470H2?>;09=3472?;7IX7>3472?;K0;:>7=4A477>3S;9?99P>;;84B39<70N43472?;7;9 >774770@;8434:434>=SB0@@434=A47C4;:44=;8470H2?>;09=3472?;7>=B;844G<430H4=;>?3472?;7I

defghijklmnjoipiqhrqespjhrqitjsujqvsjweuuihipqjqxyitjsujzhir{gyj|swi}jrpwjq~ijiuuiqjsuj ugi}j€etsteqxjs|yrhiwjveq~jq~ijiyihe|ipqr}jhitg}qt‚jƒpjr}}jrtit„jq~ij…}szjrqs|etrqespj rpwj†ƒ‡ˆjs}}etespj|swi}tjvihijgtiw„jr€f‚joe‰mnŠj†or„j‹psŒ‰Žnj|„jor‰njzrh„jqm‰kj|t‚j

(23)

!"#$!%&'"!("!$!(")*"( +*$,)#"!!-#(!$$!.*!$!/0*1

23456789:;;8<6=>?7@8AB<8CDE8FBA8GC?57H8=I8E37H7?8CDE8J9K8LCD=?C8=3?8H>6CM8L=N>C63D48 E3II767D@8O67CP5>8N=E7?H8Q3@R8@R787S>763N7D@C?867H5?@HT8F7H5?@H8@CP7D8C@8L==6E3DC@78 UVW;;XTYZ[9T8\G4T8]3^;_`8B]CW8<D=a^Xb_8cNW8]C^Y_8OC6W8@;^98NHT8

d e fd fe gd ge hd he i jk lm n op qr i jk lm s t un v w xy oz p{ o| q i jk lm n op qr i jk lm s t un v w xy oz p{ o| q } ~  m€ | mn ~ } m‚ƒ { „ m m }~ n~}

,…)($$$$$!((" -#(!

'$$$$!((" -#(!

(24)

!"#$"%&!'"()$&*!$&"+$&#&,+ &&!-.//*0123"+.#!&!4(+&$&#&,+&-.//*01*

56789:;<=:>?@@6AB:CD:EACF89G:>HI:6JE:KH>:L68?9M:CD:EN9M98:D?98:6JE:O;P:Q6JC86:CN8: MFA6B:QC@F6ANJR:ENDD9A9JG:7A96S?F:@CE98M:TNGU:GU9:9VF9AN@9JG68:A9M?8GMW:K9M?8GM:G6S9J: 6G:QCCAENJ6G9:X=YZZ[W\]^;W:_LRW:`NaZbc:H`6Y:IJCda[eb:f@Y:`6a\b:76AY:GZa;:@MW:

g$& ( h&""'&"+ i,$("' jkl-m1 nkj-m1 nkjojkl l i" n&)l#, /p*q *r s l i" tun 0*p *0 0s l v4(+& 0*r p* 0s qsw+"" i" n&)l#, /*p * rs qsw+"" i" tun 00*r /r*q s qsw+"" v4(+& 0*q /*r s x+&!w"%&!'$&"+.&!n&)l#,"'$&!"#'"#jkl &!+&!4(+&+'tun"'$&*!tun"'!"#'&!3&jkl"% &!&#""'.+'3yjkl&"&!4(+&$&*!+"'nkj# y+"&!&!4(+&+'&!'$&"+$&*

x+&!w"%&!qsw+""$&"+.&!n&)l#,"'!"#'&!"#&jkl y$*z+&!"&!!+'.&!qsw+""$&"+#&!tun"'!"#' $&&"&!4(+&$&*!yw"& &+'z!+"3&$&+&"&! %"$&"+-{$&"+-*/q1+'{$&"+-*/11#("+%"&!ww$&$&+ "&!qsw+""+''%$( $+3&!tun"'*

!&+&"+w"+'&"+$'+&!n&)l#,,$("'"+"$+'&! w"+&$&'&"&!+w"w&ww$&"+"%&!,$(&"%&!qsw+""*n%+3&" &!n&)l#,%"$+w&"+**.&!3,$(&w%$+w&"+"%&! '"(&'&#!&!&((+3,$(&w%$+w&"+"%y"w& *!+&!& $+'"&ww$&+w&!&((+3,$(&!3!&!+&!3,$(&*h !3!,$(&+"$&+&'"()+'&!$.jkly$* !"''&+&"+%"3,$(&"&((+3,$('"+y&!%""#+3 w"+'&"+|

*

n

}~

(25)

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

FG

HG

IJ KLMNO

KPQRS

O

TUVS

WVXY

PZO

AC[\-#"+"#"#"$#"$#%##,*7##"$ C"$%"$'"$AC[\$7##"#%*#-$""D*$"#" &#*7$7##"$'""*%!$+#"$"#"-#7##"-$""AC[\ -#"&];%!$+#"$-$""AC[\#%"$7#"##%"$7#" >#"$$"[8,"%"#$#!![+! 7$%$"%*"#"'-"#!!%"%#+$!7$%$"1>#"$ 19366?#"'"$!*#-#7##"

(26)

!"#$%&#'&() *+",'#(,

-./012345678596296122:.252;5<1=><2?291=9.7?<;795@9875.A0;=9.7?1250;95=?:7?2 2B<21.A2?9=;1250;9CD?962;2/2?:@962;=E2;F;7E59=?:5G71H2.9IJ.8=K=1=97A.5=9.7?A7:2; =?:LM4=?:LM59=?:G71962NDOPA7:2;=L9.Q=92:=?::2=L9.Q=92:125<2L9.Q2;>CR;; 5.A0;=9.7?5052:962H2.9IJ.8=K=1SF;7ET=97A.5=9.7?A7:2;@UVHWE12=K0<A7:2;=?:XYZ 8.96962[\]Z^ZA7:2;C

R;;96122<;79556785.A.;=1<2?291=9.7?1=925CW6.55678596=9962L7;;.5.7?A7:2;:.:?796=Q2 =?>5./?.G.L=?9.?G;02?L27?9625.A0;=92:<2?291=9.7?7G962:.252;5<1=>C

_`abcdefghiejdkdlcml`nkecmldenoelpneq`oodcdkler`sbtml`nkruep`lvemkqep`lvnblelvdewxyze snqdtue{ns|mcdqep`lvelvded}|dc`sdklmtecdrbtlr~e`drdteobdtuem€a~ej`h‚ƒewjmuekn„i…‚e

†suejm‡‚eˆmcuelhfesr~e

‰mˆtdefgƒeŠbssmc‹enoeqcn|tdleŠwemkqeŒwŠe€mtbdrenoeq`drdter|cm‹e{ns|mc`kaelvdedood{le noelvdewxyzesnqdtenkelvder|cm‹er`sbtml`nkemkqed}|dc`sdklmtecdrbtlr~eŒdrbtlrelmdkemle {nncq`kmldeŽuhhi~‡‘f~e’€a~ej`h‚ƒewjmuekn„i…‚e†suejm‡‚eˆmcuelhfesr~e

R97A.5=9.7?

A7:2; F1A7:2;2=K0< NDOP59=9A7:2;05 ZNJS“AT HNZS“AT HNZ”ZNJ F;7E UVHW O? •C– —C• •˜C™š F;7E UVHW OGG 3C– C •Cš YB<21.A2?9 •C –C •—C4š

(27)

!"#$%& %&%' (')*+ + ', )- . /0122)345671 (' ./0122)34)

- *!8 9!*', %:: %7 %::%)- %::%% (')

;<=>?@ABCDEAF?GHI@JAKLFAMNOAPLKAQMI>@RAGSAJT@AO<@R@IARH?MUAVGWHM?<N=AJT@A@SS@VJAGSAJT@A LXYZAWGO@IAGNAJT@ARH?MUAR<W>IMJ<GNAMNOA@[H@?<W@NJMIA?@R>IJR\AP@R>IJRAJM]@NAMJA VGG?O<NMJ@A^_`DDa\EbcB\AdQ=\Ae<fDghALeM`AFNGifajgAkW`AeMfEgAlM?`AJDfBAWR\AA

m %::% 7 *!8& %::%)" $ '3%&/%3)n41 *!8 '+ ' *!8 %::% 7*!8& %::%)- % %.+%o+ %'7 )

(28)

!

"#

$ %&!

'#

$!

& !

(!

)#

*+,-./01,234563.7849,648234:024.;6,8534:,82+,63.7849,7.70/<24.;1.3,73,548,/=2+<; >?@<;6A?>-</0,8B>.1,-./01,234563.7849,648234:024.;8C,3,6,34-,6D3.12+,3,80/28.D 2+,<2.148<24.;E:3,<F07<;65.//484.;,-</0<24.;86,8534:,6<:.-,B*+,8,3,80/28C,3, 5.17<3,6C42+2+,,G7,341,;2</3,80/282.H4-,<:,22,346,<.D2+,63.7849,5+<3<52,3482458<;6 2+,4;D/0,;5,.D2+,64DD,3,;24;2,3<524;H80:1.6,/8B

IJKJIJLM NOPQPRSTUPRSVWXYZS[\RU]P^XO_SNX\WQO`PSNOQ^XOaU^O\bS

c;2+,5<8,.D2+,64,8,/D0,/873<=E<//2+,8410/<24.;3,80/28D3.173,-4.088,524.;8C,3, 5.//,52,6D.32+,<;</=848.D-./01,234563.7849,648234:024.;Bc;<66424.;2.2+,,G4824;H6<2<E <66424.;</5<8,8C42+2+,d0+e.81<;<2.148<24.;1.6,/8C,3,30;2.8206=2+,-./01,2345 63.7849,648234:024.;B*+,d0+e.81<;<2.148<24.;C<8824//C.32+8206=4;H:,5<08,2+, 63.7849,3,80/28C,3,H,;,3<//=f042,73,548,,-,;2+.0H+2+,7,;,23<24.;3<2,C<8;.2B*+,3, C,3,</8.<66424.;</8410/<24.;30;8D.32+,5g.3?chij.DDj5<8,8E2.8206=2+,,DD,52.D2+, ?chi1.6,/.;2+,64,8,/873<=B

*+,8011<3=.D,<5+5<8,488+.C;4;*<:/,klB*+,:<8,8,207486,8534:,64;8,524.;kBB

mnopqrstuvwxxnyz{|}~q€qqp|wqp‚ynz€xwpn}€{ƒ„nq|{y}~q}wz{|y{‚€…q €}y€ow}€{ƒ†

‡.B ˆ2.141.6,/8<24.; :3,<F07>,5.;6<31.6,/= ?chi82<21.6,/08 >+.32D.31/<:,/ l ‰/.: A,429@4C<F<3 hDD ‰/.:A,4295g d0+e.81<; A,429@4C<F<3 hDD d0+A,4295g Š‹ ‰/.: ŒdA* hDD ‰/.:ŒdA*5g

 d0+e.81<; ŒdA* hDD d0+ŒdA*5g k‹ ‰/.: A,429@4C<F<3 h; ‰/.:A,4295gl Ž‹ d0+e.81<; A,429@4C<F<3 h; d0+A,4295gl ‹ ‰/.: ŒdA* h; ‰/.:ŒdA*5gl

(29)

!"#$#%&'#($& )#*(%&"+!!,%() &$#$#- .!! ") #($& )# %#&" &$").&/$0-1#$# &2)& *")& 3456-789-:;0<=:&5)>;60?(5:&;70/&5;(#-

@ABCDEFGHIJHKIABLHGGMJMHNOHKKOLPJBJKHQPGGQBJFBLIMRBJMSTGPIMHNJJAHUBVNPQQHUBQ VMJIQMWTIMHNJLHSFPQBVIHIABLHGGMJMHNOHNOLPJBJX@ABJBQBJTGIJPQBQBKGBLIBVMNIABNHQSPGMJBV YZ[FGHIHKEM\TQB]^_MNUAMLAIABYZ[HKIABLHGGMJMHNOHKKOLPJBJUBQBGHUBQIAPNIABYZ[ HNIABLHGGMJMHNOHNOLPJBJX

CHSFPQMN\IABIUHPIHSMJPIMHNSHVBGJ`JMSMGPQQBJTGIJUBQBKHTNVUMIAIABQBJFBLIMRBWQBPaTF SHVBGJX@AMJJAHUJIAPIIABJBPIHSMJPIMHNSHVBGJAPVSMNMSPGMNKGTBNLBHNIABVQHFJMbBHKIAB JFQPcX

CHSFPQMN\IABIUHWQBPaTFSHVBGJ`IABVQHFJMbBVMJIQMWTIMHNJAHUJIAPIIABdeY@WQBPaTF SHVBGQBJTGIJUBQBLGHJBQIHIABBfFBQMSBNIPGQBJTGIJX@ABJBQBJTGIJGBVIHJMSMGPQLHNLGTJMHNJIH IAB[ZDPNVYZ[QBJTGIJgJBBEM\TQB]^^PNV@PWGB]hiX

j kj lj mj nj oj pj

j

jqk

jql

jqm

jqn

jqo

jqp

jqr

jqs

jqt

k

uvwxyzy{|}~x

€{

‚y

ƒ„

…|

}~

x

†k

‡ˆ‰Š|‹yvzŒ|„j

Ž‚|‹yvzŒ|„j

Ž‚|‹yvzŒ|„k

‡ˆ‰Š|‹yvzŒ|„k

‡ˆ‰Š|Ž‹‘|„k

‡ˆ‰Š|Ž‹‘|„j

Ž‚|Ž‹‘|„j

’“”y{vxyƒzk

(30)

!"# $%&' ('') #"* )$**')() +*)($#,* # -,#) "'*(*,.(,/ -,#) 01,"*#*(2.('') * ) 3&,"*)(# ) #)* #,"#!)*!*'"!*") '4#01%&,"*('') !'#

3&,"5+62 ) *"".*#$**$ $0

789:;<=>?@>=ABC:D<E;8F=GH7=BI=EJ<=K8<L<C=LM;NO=L8D:CNE8BPL=FBDMN;<K=Q8EJ=EJ<= <RM<;8D<PENC=;<L:CES=TJ<=<89JE=K8II<;<PE=L8D:CNE8BP=L<E?:ML=N;<=K<EN8C<K=8P=TNUC<=>?@VS= W<L:CEL=ENX<P=NE=FBB;K8PNE<=YZ[@@\S]^_>S=G8`@Va=bGN[=HPBc`\dV=eD[=GN`]V=UN;[=E@`>=DLS=

3#,*) #"* )"-,#) *""fghi12*j,#(" klm3#("*$ !* (,($( $" (,/(2 )$#,*( -,#) 01*)".*#)('')$2 )hn#*)*)(o"2* #* ) #("0h!f**"*(.2))* hn#*)* #* )#(",($( *2)#*"".)*$)*)"f"))*))#*",) * )*)(fo"2 * #* )#("*#*$$* !*""0

pqrqpqst upvwxyz{|yw}~|w€y‚wƒ{|„…†‡~ˆw‰{€Š~‹†w‰~Š‡~Œ„‡~{zw

l)$*'Ž$*)"*",*.f)".o"2*)(hn#*)* #* )#(" ghi12*j,#("*)(klm3#("*$ !* (((f2$*#(" ,($((,/#"*-,#) *""0*$#,*)f"'o"2 i/$‘$**j)'#$ )0’0**")0

(31)

!"#$%&'('&&%$'' !' ) * &$)('&+)&' & &%,

-./ 01.232.7894513.6 ><85?@A:8;.675<2.789= BCDE41512.789@4 :F.<1G.<295>89 H I9.> JKLM D6 I9.>JKLM;N

K@FO.4256 JKLM D6 K@FJKLM;N PH I9.> L831QR3S5?5< D6 I9.>L831Q;N -.18THMF848;5484S8<815?86G<.21F851.234513.6U><85?@A567;.99343.68V59@513.64/ W3X@<8YZ4F.S41F8ERWA9.1.G1F8[Y\;56.95.394A<5=432@9513.645678]A8<3286159 <84@914/MF88]A8<3286159<84@914S8<815?86G<.28]A8<32861.G1F84F57.SX<5AF= 8]A8<32861/MF8432@9513.6<84@914S8<815?86511F8^_U/P`aY<8X3.6USF3981F88]A8<32861 <84@914S8<815?8651^_U/P`/

b&cdefb!"#$%&'('&&%'$()g&!!h(&% '',!!)&% '&&%' (') &)&%,i''j% $)&% klmn,opq,r&stuvrmf%+snwtxmrsotms',

W<.21F8ERWA9.1U31S54G.@671F511F8;@<<861432@9513.6481@A4A<.7@;87V8<=432395< <84@9141.1F88]A8<32861ERWSF861F8JKLM><85?@A2.789S54@487/MF8JKLM2.789 ;.8GG3;3861436>.1F7384894A<5=567[Y\;56.95.394A<5=432@9513.64<8253687@6;F56X87567 1F@4U4F.S871F8;5A5>3931=.G1F8JKLM2.7891.575A15;;.<736X1.1F8><85?@A<518.G1F8 V34;.@4G@89/MF8I9.>L831QR3S5?5<;.2>36513.6432@9513.64F.S87565>6.<2599=65<<.S V.9@281<3;7<.A43Q87341<3>@13.65674259928567<.A43Q8/

y zy {y |y }y ~y y €y y ‚y

y

yƒz

yƒ{

yƒ|

yƒ}

yƒ~

yƒ

yƒ€

yƒ

yƒ‚

z

„…†‡ˆ‰ˆŠ‹Œ‡Ž

Š

ˆ

‘ˆ

’“

”‹

Œ

‡

•z Ž

–—˜–‹™ˆ…‰š‹“›z

œžˆŠ…‡ˆ’‰‹{

–—˜–‹Ÿ ™¡‹“›z

(32)

!"# $%&'%( )*+$,)","#", ),)% -&#) ,""./0"(1'2,3,$#(), )#", )%,",&3 $,% ),%&'%( ),)%#,""#,)%&'.4)% %5671/#", )"#$","58,#&",#,% 0"( 1'2,3,$#(), )#", ),)%))9.

:;<=>?@ABCD@EFG=H?I>;J@KL:@FM@IN?@DAO@JPQFGP@F;G@RS>PT@R;H=GPI;FQR@JFHSP>?U@V;IN@IN?@ ?WS?>;H?QIPG@>?R=GIRX@YN?@IN>??@U;MM?>?QI@R;H=GPI;FQ@R?IB=SR@P>?@U?IP;G?U@;Q@YPZG?@ABCCX@ [?R=GIR@IP\?Q@PI@JFF>U;QPI?@]^_CC`XabcAX@K;dCef@gKP_@LQFhd`ie@jH_@KPdae@ZP>_@ICdA@HRX@

9 !"# $%&'%( )* , #, )#%" #", ) 671/(,3&#%"./&" , !"# $%&' %( )*( #", )""5#", !"# $%&' %( )*-&#) ,""./-&#) ,"%, ,,#&"'*+$,)"," &,5,#,"",)%"&,5-&#) ,"%, ,./%$%,#&"'"%), %( ).k!"8#", )"$#&,%""-&#) ," ".

/#", )"671/(,3&#%"%,,), "!5 #",-&#) ,""./,*( %"&,5,)%+$,)", "&,5./%, #%","5,("*%5*&,5*!$*"8 $,7l.

(33)

!""#!$ #%& '%!!!& (#)#$ %#*( $#!!%+)#$%#$ $ %#!(#!! ( ! #(,(

-./01234567389/:.;.2<3=>?0@2A1.B3CD-3>;3AE23F4G3B9:>?93>.?3HI19J3H.@0?9A.>:H3B>@I912<3 K.AE3AE232LI21.@2:A9?312H0?AHM3N:?J3AE23OP5QR3@><2?3H.@0?9A.>:H312H0?AH39123<.HI?9J2<3A>3 HE>K393<2A9.?2<3B>@I91.H>:3K.AE3AE232LI21.@2:AM3Q2H0?AH3A9S2:39A3B>>1<.:9A23T7U66VMWXY4M3 C.Z6[\38C9U3D:>]ZV^[3_@U3C9ZW[3`91U3A6Z43@HM3

ab

cb

d3 efghi

jkl

gmn

opqrstun

v %##&%$w*%#& $#+#' % #( #(#!% #' (v &$! %( "(%!%+& %#&##x(## %(#!#!#%+%#&$#yz{|& !%%!% $,(%##

(34)

!"# $"%&&! "' (&) (&! *+

,*!&)$&-(!"."#!/ 01 #-&#&& !&( 0(&! *# *& %". * )+, &"! ""&&" (&! *!!&( 0 234*" "(&)*(&!# ! "(&)!5 *&! *!6(&"&"+7*%89(&)5*("6* *" &***&!&'*$**&. * )5*' '%"! )! &%* %!&("+:&"5(&.$&-(!"*($" %!('*")*' '!&("(&(&+

,*""!"."# (&*%(&(&!&("*""!" &!&( 0! &$&("*!**&")+,!&( 0%(&)!"* .! &*%%* &%" 6 '&5! 6 '&! &*")%%* *$$. &%! "' (&)+,(*$ %*""!"5 $&-(!"! !"$""(%"!!) *! " (&)+;*$*(!!!"5(&& (&)!) **(%"**&( $"+

,$*$ %!"#<"$=>/,=?79@=ABC+, *$ ! ! #.&5*# #" +,<"$ !"!*"")!" ) 00"() ** 00"*. ! 00"&$"*+:&"5 ( (% "*'" *&)&**& "+?&.&5 )&*00"*$!""!**&")# <"$ !"+

,A'&' "( "" %& *""."# * &".")*&*(&!&$""'*""!$&".!! &*")%& ABC+, &00"&' &$"%"# &".!"&'"). CC !"!"(&* *(&!! &*"+B%%*.")5& 00"6 &' &"")DA&'B!!)C "E!&"-/:FC &$"*!""'"&'*"&$"*&".!CC"."+

(35)

!"

#

$"

$%

&

'

"

('

($"%

)*

$"

+,-./0012-/3,4-.156770/8679-/3,0:;9<;1067-09;1238:9;1=>/-.977-.11?:1;/81,-97;1067-0 /@1@:1,1-;9-/3,423,19,A714B+C9,==;3:0/D1;1067-0@

E.156771F9769-/3,35G9A;9,A/9,83=170/,012-/3,@H0.3>1=-.9-3,7<3,123,5/A6;9-/3, :;3=621=;1067-0-.9->1;1238:9;9I71>/-.1?:1;/81,-97=9-93,:1,1-;9-/3,9,==;3:0/D1@E.1 23,5/A6;9-/3,/006889;/01=/,E9I71>/-.3-.1;0/8679-/3,23,=/-/3,00.3>,/,E9I71 9,=E9I71H@

JKLMNOPQRSTUUKVWXYZ[NUX\NM]X^Y_`TVKZ_X^aTaN\_^Z[NbcSda_UTMKZ_X^YXV NefNV_UN^ZKMgKM_\KZ_X^h

i;3:71-/,j12-/3, k73Ilm4mno9-38/09-/3,9,A783=171 >/-.p@q.97523,1

r123,=9;<I;19s6: tuvEI;19s6:83=17lo>/-.w xH 4{ xy y@z4

z

{x

|377/0/3,83=17 ‚9-}+s/~|,0-83=17/810297>/123;-.3;;12-/=/3,,€9,=023,0-,1/;A.I36;9/,-498/2177;019;9,=2. 71F1701--3

E6;I671,2183=17 Gƒr-6;I671,21>/-.„…†r‡r83=174 |sˆy@y4|‰ˆ@y

E/810-1:0/D1 Š0 |36:7/,A81-.3= C1;-1?

E.1;1>1;1536;=/551;1,-23,=/-/3,0601=/,-.11?:1;/81,-900.3>,/,E9I71H49,=-.1< >1;1=6:7/29-1=/,-.10/8679-/3,01-6:53;F97/=9-/3,@

JKLMNOPQ‹STUUKVWXYZ[NYXTV]X^\_Z_X^aTaN\_^gKM_\KZ_X^XYZ[Na_UTMKZ_X^aNZPTfh

3@ Œ617 |.98I1;B;1006;1 B9Ž

i/1017 yI9; i/1017 HyI9; H i/1017 myI9; m n|9,3793/7 HyI9;

77=1-9/71=;1067-0>1;1-9s1,9--ˆ80@E.1:1,1-;9-/3,9,=23,19,A71;1067-0>1;1-9s1,

(36)

!"#$%&'()*+)! $ !$,-"$-$""&",$.-!/#","$-$+

01

21

34 567689:8;

<7=

:7>=

?<76=

@7AB

6=

C:B

;

>:8;

<7=

)!$$ !#""!"&!$,-$#"'"$-$" $!D,#"D!!/#","$-$+E!/#","$-$" $F++E!#"D$,$-"$!&-"!$"#!%"&",! %%D!!D$!$,,!$-$!/#",+E!#" "$-$&"!$,-$D""G',!,#"G!-$&"! ,$-",$+E!D$",G'!-"&!$#"'!" "!D$"G$!-+E!$,!$$"G," $H++

IJKJLJLM NOPOQRSQTUPVWSXTYSQTUPV

Z-"[\$!D$!"-,"$,-#"#$&&&"!,G"#"$$-"$ !"$#/#","$-$+E!#$!D$!!#""$-$D"$," !"$-$G/#",'+]!#"/#","$-$$!D$$ "&#""+E!#$$!D$!!#""$-$D"G"# $"!#+E!!!"!,G"#"$$-""$-D"#""$ G!!/#",#""$-$+)D$G!!(^F_G"-,"$#"'

"$-$$!DD"#""!!/#","$-$+E!""$#$ $$"$!DEG[+

Z-"[_$!D$D-,"$,-#"#$&"&&"&-$$$ ,#"D!!"$#/#","$-$+E!&-$-$D"$`[a +b!!$#$D"c&",Z-"[_D!!d%HDc"G"c-#, "$-$",+E!#$$!D,#"!&&$&$$'$#"' #"G!-,"/#","$-$+

(37)

!"# $ #$ %"&' (!"")!!# )&!&$*&($ #&'($)%" " "+(# $&&,-" '($& "!!' &!'"$(.&&# "&$*,/&!012341$0

/#526738(02(&0-269:,

63!"# $ #$ %"&' (!%)!!# &$* &($ #&'($)%" " %+(# $&&,-"'($& "!!' & !;&'& *#"<&$*,12341$0/#526738(01$2=3.$02(&0-269:,

>?@ A B C D @ E F G HA>

D> @> E> F> G> H> A>> AB> AD> AE> AF>

IJKLMNKOP

Q LR LS TU SJV RM NK K P M M

WJKXYUSJVRMQUZB>[UT

\]^LTJKLRSMQUZB>[UT

WJKXYUSJVRMQUZC>[UT

\]^LTJKLRSMQUZC>[UT

WJKXYUSJVRMQUZD>[UT

\]^LTJKLRSMQUZD>[UT

>?@ A B C D @ E F G HA>

@> E> F> G> H> A>> AB> AD> AE> AG> B>>

IJKLMNKOP

Q LR LS TU SJV RM NK K P M M

WJKXYUSJVRM_JLOLY

\]^LTJKLRSM_JLOLY

WJKXYUSJVRMF@`MaURVYUMVJY

(38)

!"#$"%&$'%

()*+,-./012/30-0456718-48*5-95131630,--/):+543)18/48;30,---<9-,):-8345,-/+53/ 61,;)-/-56+-5/9,4=43;)66-,-83704:>-,9,-//+,-/?@0-,-/+53//012-;304330-/):+543-;/9,4= 718-48*5-/)87,-4/-;2)30)87,-4/)8*704:>-,9,-//+,-?@0)//4:-3,-8;24/,-95)743-;)83 0--<9-,):-83?@0-/):+543)18,-/+53//012-;304330-718-48*5-)87,-4/-;499,1<):43-5=433 0-/4:-,43-4/30--<9-,):-83718-48*5-433AB:/C-D-8301+*030-/):+543)18,-/+53/2-,

-718/)/3-835=512-,)8D45+-304830--<9-,):-8345,-/+53/?E33FG?.:/C30--<9-,):-8345,-/+53/

/012-;304330-718-48*5-/3199-;)87,-4/)8*C20)5-30-/):+543)18,-/+53//012-;81/)*816 ;-7,-4/)8*718-48*5-?E33FH:/C30-1D-,455718-48*5-1630--<9-,):-8345,-/+53//34,3-;31

7183,473?@0)/24/>-74+/-30-:-4/+,-;:4<):+:2);301630--<9-,):-8345/9,4=,-:4)8-; 30-/4:-433FH:/?E/4,-/+53C30-1D-,455718-48*5-24/,-;+7-;4/30-9-8-3,43)18

)87,-4/-;?@0-,-2-,-81/)*8/1648*5-,-;+73)18)830-/):+543)18,-/+53/?E33F:/C3

0-/):+543)18,-/+53//012-;304330-/9,4=718-48*5-/3199-;)87,-4/)8*?@0)/24/;)/7+//-;)8 I0493-,GC/-73)18G????

@0-/):+543-;718-48*5-/3-8;31>-512-,304830--<9-,):-8345D45+-/43-4,5)-,3):-/48; 0)*0-,43543-,3):-/>-=18;J:/?

KLMNOPQRSTUQVWXYQZ[\PQW\MXPQ]X[^Q_L^`QOPa]PZ^Q^[Q^LbPQY[OQ^`PQ^`OPPQcLYYPOP\^QcLPaPXQYNPXQ a]OWdQaLbNXW^L[\aQZ[b]WOPcQ_L^`Q^`OPPQPe]POLbP\^WXQOPaNX^afQg`PQ]X[^QZ[b]WOPaQ^`PQ PYYPZ^aQ[YQZ`WbhPOQ]OPaaNOPQ[\Q^`PQiP^Qa]OWdfQjLPaPXQYNPXkQlLmUnoQplWkQj\[qmTrnQsbkQ^UmRQ

bakQgmTRQtufQ

(39)

!"# $%& "# ''('&$

)*+,-./0122/3456/789./49+5./:58;/<*;=/-.>:.7;/;8/;*?./68-/;<8/@*66.-.9;/6,.5/>:-4A>B/C=./ :58;/78?:4-.>/;=./.66.7;>/86/D*>78>*;A/89/;=./>:-4AB/E*FGHI/JE4K/L98MF2NH/O?K/E4FPH/Q4-K/

;GF0/?>K/CF20/RSB/

T&U ('&"& &U#V&$

%" 'U&&'#' $%' '# '&! ('&$%'!W&'&XY$Z 'U'&""#& 'U'&!&''#"" X#&!'$%'U &!&&$T&& '#"'$

(40)

!" !##$%#&' '# ! #()* #(#%+'"#' " )

,-.-/-01 2345672849:894;7<=5>;7?@=354AB@C7

D % %'""##!'#'&''##()E%$ &''&##!&'"F% G&!#)H#'# #$ !(I#"! G&!##(( !##!&'% !'&F)D &'+!&#" &F!) D !(I#"! G&!###'JKL"##F%#" MNOLGMJ&G)P" G&!#"#'##J))*!&# &&$ G&!##'!#!(%#"(' F% '# &)Q$!(%#'I#'% !&)D G&!#!(%#!'KRS" ( ##( PTO))

D& !("#'# G&!#$#" !'&F% &')D #&%!!'#(UO)V)D !'" &# ##RGR&G%#'%% &GW+# #"(#"#'# G&!#)P!&&'##$%# &MGM&G%#'%# ( #&'#)D I#" #%#'V!!#'" &% ""# '&)H# G&!#$ ( &&''( #M!!# I#$!&#(' (#"#F#'I#

X# &#$ !' "" '&# &#)D !#"##F"!''&'F&&# " " '&YJZ)[# '# &#%#'%$ F #!'#'&')H%"#' !(#" &F%'!"&& !&#MS#!#)Q"#!$%#"!' #!# #+'#PTO)%'""#"! !'&(!!#( ')H%"#' #!#MS'#"F!&#%# %)

(41)

!"#"$"!%!&!#'(!" %"$"!#!%!)!*+,!-. !"!! //"

!#!0-.!,&!!"#( ! ""!#! # , !, ! #+! #+!" /!-."#( ! ""#&, $!%$ //" - 1!#!#!%"2"!# ! ! ##!!#, !"# &!"-.& ,"!(!#" #( & 2$!& # -

3456789:;<=9>?7@AB4C8D9C67EAF89A78A9GB?H9?E9HI89C4@6BAH8D9CG7AJ9F?@GA78D9K4HI9HI89 CFAHH878D9B45IH9GB?H9?E9HI898LG874@8MHAB9CG7AJ9AH9NAO<P9QA7R9S48C8B9E68BT9N4OUPV9WNAT9

SM?XO<YP9Z@T9HUO:9@CR9[45IH9CI88H94BB6@4MAH4?MR9

\]^]_`a_bc^def]_`]gh

i

aj

ba

kda

lb

gd

ef

]_

`]

gh

d

d

m mnmo mnp mnpo mnq rmnms

rmnmq m mnmq mnms

t

(42)

!"#$%&%!$'"$("!$&)*$%###' !%+"%$&!$'$,$-./0$12"$$!#$#$$#

$%"&#($%12&+#"($%!$'+"//""$!!$&0$%" $"$ !"#$%%13*4+"5/""$#&#$&4"%$&!$' $!!$&0(#$#&$#&&&# !$#&$&$ !"#$%!$'12*$%% &++#(0#(#$#%%4*4##+($#12"$ $%(###"0%$*$&$$#61

789:;<=>?@A=BC;DEF8G<H=G:;IEJ<=E;<E=KFCL=CI=LM<=G8D:FEL<H=GK;EN=JCDKE;<H=O8LM=LM<= GJELL<;<H=F89ML=KFCL=CI=LM<=<PK<;8D<QLEF=GK;EN=EL=RESTU=VE;W=X8<G<F=I:<FY=R8SZU[=\REY=

XQC]S@AU=^DY=LZS>=DGW=_89ML=GM<<L=8FF:D8QEL8CQW=

`abacdecfgbhijacdakl

m

en

fe

ohe

pf

kh

ij

ac

da

kl

h

h

q qrqs qrt qrts qru vqrqw

vqrqu q qrqu

qrqw x"%$#

(43)

!"! # $ "%& !# !' !" # ()*+, -. !"$ !-.$ !%!& ! #"" ,,!#!-

/012345678659:3;<=0>4?5>23@<A45<34<5B=:C5:@5CD45>0;2=<C4?5>B3<E5A:;B<34?5F0CD5CD45 >A<CC434?5=01DC5B=:C5:@5CD454GB430;4HC<=5>B3<E5<C5I<JKL5M<3N5O04>4=5@24=P5I0JQLR5SI<P5

OH:TJ8KL5U;P5CQJ65;>N5V01DC5>D44C50==2;0H<C0:HN5

.$$! !$'"! # $! !#"'"-W "X !!''"'!!! $ '' $!! ""' #"' $Y'!-. !$ ""''$!#(Z[ "$," $\--]-

^_`_abcade`fgh_ab_ij

k

cl

dc

mfc

nd

if

gh

_a

b_

ij

f

f

o opoq opr oprq ops topou

topos o opos

opou v!

(44)

!"#$!% &'() !&&# *$ )$# +%%,- &!% !%!%*#&%.%$& %+# * %/0123 45%$ % %%#!% %! ! &$%+!%) &46% !% 3&% %%"#$!% &# *+$+%&.% !!!.%# *% ! ## !%%%+&.&# *45&+#7!% '() !& & !+# +#&%##& %!+)+$&%#&) %%!$ 8!%!%! & !.%# *$-3&45$ ) ## !).%"#$!% &$ $& %%!$) &&%45)! !&.$%"#$!% &$ +% %%!% & )! !& ,%! 3%!2$$ !+2$$-!%% )& !%$ 4 5!%+!+!.) !%&*.$2$$! +45! !)8! %%!77&"% #+)%+!%!$) &# *9 !+%+!!..)% &#+)%+4:-9 % !+'2$$! +%!$) &# * ## +% -%##+"# !+! + &&*9 %"#$!% &# *)!%!+%"# !+!%& 3%;;2$$4

<=>?@ABCDEFBGH@IJK=LAMBL?@NJOABJ@AJBPKHQBHNBQRABL=I?KJQAMBLP@JSBOHIPJ@AMBT=QRBQRAB LOJQQA@AMBK=>RQBPKHQBHNBQRABAUPA@=IAVQBLP@JSBJQBWJXYZB[J@\B]C^BOJVHKJBH=K_BW=X`ZaBbWJ_B

cVHdXEeZBfI_BQ`XCBIL\Bg=>RQBLRAAQB=KK?I=VJQ=HV\B

5.#)+!.% %%- && ## !).%# *-*$& 3%!%"#$!% & !+!$) &&%9-!%%# *+%+$ +..!)4

hijiklmknojpqriklist

u

mv

nm

wpm

xn

sp

qr

ik

li

st

p

p

y yzy{ yz| yz|{ yz} ~yzy

~yzy} y yzy} yzy

€"#$!%

(45)

!"

#

$%&'())*+&(,%-&'*.*/%01,2)(3*-456/%001,2)(3*0()&1(78&(,%,9&'*)(.8:/&*0)21/;1*)8:&) /1*)',<%/%0+,.2/1*0<(&'&'*98::)*&,9*=2*1(.*%&/:1*)8:&)>?'**=2*1(.*%&/:1*)8:&)/1* 0*&/(:*0(%)*+&(,%@>@>A::01,2)(3*.*/)81*.*%&)<*1*0,%*/&&'*:,<*11*B(,%)C7*&<**%DE ../%0F..G(%&'**=2*1(.*%&/:+/)*>?'*)(.8:/&(,%1*)8:&)<*1*)/.2:*0/&&'*)/.* 1*B(,%/&&FH.)(%,10*1&,/::,<0(1*+&+,.2/1(),%>I*&/(:),9&'**=2*1(.*%&/:.*/)81*.*%&

:,+/&(,%)/1*9,8%0(%)*+&(,%@>@>F>?'*%8.*1(+/:)(.8:/&(,%)*&82()0*&/(:*0(%)*+&(,%> /%0)*+&(,%>@>

JKLKMKNO PQQRSTUVWQVXYZ[\R]V^]RUU_]RV

?/7:*F@)',<&'*0(*)*:98*:)21/;.*/%01,2)(3*)8../1;(%&/7:*9,1./&>?'*1*)8:&)9,1 &'*&'1**0(99*1*%&+'/.7*121*))81*)/1*(%+:80*0/%0+,.2/1*0<(&'&'*1*)2*+&(`*)(.8:/&(,% 1*)8:&)>?'*&/7:*)',<)0*&/(:),9&'*01,2)(3*.*/%-65I-65Ia*11,1-456-/%0&'* %,1./:()*0456C456b65IG>?'*7/1B1/2')',<),%:;&'*65I/%0&'*456>?'* *=2*1(.*%&/:1*)8:&)<*1*&/c*%91,.*=2*1(.*%&9,1&'*01,2)(3*`/:(0/&(,%/&:,+/&(,% CD-FF>dG>

efghijklmnoipihpqrfstruqpovipwxxfrsfytozziri{y|}fxgirqrippwripp}u~o{ xif{€‚n€‚nƒirrur€„‚f{t„‚…‚nuzy}ii†qiroxi{yfhripwhypf{tpoxwhfyou{ ripwhyp‡„ipwhypyfˆi{fy|uurto{fyi‰Š€ll‹‡ŒŽj‡noipihzwih€ol‘’‚f€n{uv‹m‘“x€

yljxp‡

”'/.7*1

•1*))81* E7/1 dE7/1 @E7/1 I/&/?;2* 6(. –=2 6(. –=2 6(. –=2 5*/%C—.G FD>˜ F@> FD>d Fd>D F˜>D Fd>d 65IC—.G d>™ >@ d>š d>™ @>d >˜ 65Ia–11,1

›@-™œ d>d D>E d>˜ ˜>˜ @> FF>™ 456C—.G ˜>˜ D> D>d š>E š> D>™ 456b65Ia d> d™>™ d@>˜ dD>F d˜>™ d˜>š

6/.2:*6(3* Fd@d@ F™F FEšF @E˜ FFD FE˜ ?'*65I91,.&'*)(.8:/&(,%1*)8:&)</)`*1;)(.(:/1&,&'**=2*1(.*%&/:1*)8:&)>ž(&'&'* *=+*2&(,%,9&'*•/H@E7/11*)8:&)-&'*456</)+,%)()&*%&:;:,<*1(%&'*)(.8:/&(,%1*)8:&)

(46)

!"#"$%&'"( )!$*!+ ,,-.#(% /0 "#(!##, )%(+$$%&1$(, %""%)($%! $) '("% ,"/2,#)%, !##,)! )%,,%$ %$$%, #+ 1$(, %"%,!("% !"/

3456789:;<=9>48?8@9?A7BC9DE@6F8G74H9I>39A@EG9BG9J4KK878LG9HMBFN879A78??678?9HEFAB74L59 GM898OA874F8LGB@978?6@G?9BLJ9?4F6@BG4EL978?6@G?P9Q8?6@G?9GBR8L9BG9HEE7J4LBG89STUVV<PWXY:P9 >48?8@9K68@U9Z4[V\]9^ZBU9>LE_[<`\9aFU9GV[:9F?P9

bcdcecef ghhijklmnhmopiqmrsljnlsktm

0%+"u("% !%,!1$(, %"!$*!% %##"% v%wxy+%z,

%+"#(% /

{BN@89:;V:9>48?8@9BLJ9=:|9HBLE@B9E4@9?A7BC9J7EA?4_89?6FFB7C9?ME}4L59F8BLU9~^>U9~^>9 |9877E7U9Q^~9BLJ9Q^~~^>9EK9GM898OA874F8LGB@978?6@G?9BLJ9?4F6@BG4EL978?6@G?P9Q8?6@G?9 GBR8L9BG9HEE7J4LBG89STUVV<PWXY:P9Z4[V\]9^ZBU9>LE_[<`\9aFU9ZB[W\9NB7U9GV[:9F?P9

"&$ ." €-%,"%" .% %&$ ( ‚1$ ( ‚1$ ƒ%,„…(† u‡/x ux/‡ u/x u/ ƒ.„…(† x/ˆ x/ xx/ x‰/ ƒ.€

Š‰z‹ Œx/ Œ/ Œ/ Œ/‡ ƒ„…(† ‡/x ˆ/y u/ u‰/ ƒŽƒ.€ x‰/ x‡/u ‰ˆ/ ‰/u %($"* uyˆu ‰y uˆy u‰‡

 ‘  ’‘ ’ “‘ “ ”‘ ” ‘ 

‘

‘•

‘•’

‘•“

‘•”

‘•

‘•–

‘•—

‘•˜

‘•™



š›œžŸž f¡¢£

š›ž¤ž¥f¦§ž¥

f

f

¨©ªž ›ž«Ÿf¬œ­’‘®œ 

¨©ªž ›ž«Ÿf¬œ­“‘®œ 

¨©ªž ›ž«Ÿf¬œ­”‘®œ 

¯›§¥œŸ›°«f¬œ­’‘®œ 

¯›§¥œŸ›°«f¬œ­“‘®œ 

(47)

!"##$ %#&'$()' !"$ #)%&()'*+",- .$#&.()'##&#/$ #)$.))./))### )$#.)).)#0#1','2'

3.14%#)56"3$789-'

)&$$$$&)#).()'

:;<=>?@ABCD@E;?F?G@HIJ@KAL@MHINGH@N;G@FO>HP@QNG=R?S>;M@TE:@OGNS@MNROH>;I<@SU?@ ?VO?>;R?ISHG@>?F=GSF@HIJ@F;R=GHS;NI@>?F=GSFW@X;YZ[\@]XH^@EIN_YC`[@aR^@XHYb[@cH>^@SZYA@RFW@

()$$)& .&))$)d,e' #))$5)#)()' 6f&+",-%()'

1g#$d,he' #&()#$)) +",-1g#()'

i ji ki li mi ni oi pi qi ri

i

isj

isk

isl

ism

isn

iso

isp

isq

isr

j

tuvwxyxz{|}w~

{

{

€xzuwx‚y{tuxƒx„

€xzuwx‚y{pn…{†v‚‡„v{‡u„

ˆuw‰„vyu‡‚{tuxƒx„

(48)

!

"! #$

%

&%

$

'&$

(

)*+,-./012-345+,/02,15+161-0170+-489630/.+,:1;+1214<2-.+2*53/=*3/22*+,:51< >/512-34?@002*+,-./012-345+,/02,A+5+;346+52+>-4231B35.12;3.:15170+232*++C:+5-.+42,D -435>+523>-5+;20<;3.:15+2*+5+,/02,?)*+;346+5,-34A1,>34+/,-4=;/,23.-,+> :53=51..-4=;3>+-4E120176F?G?)*+5+,/02,:5+,+42+>15+2*+-4,214214+3/,5+,/02,14>.+14 5+,/02,?)*++C:+5-.+42105+,/02,15+21H+4B53.2*+IJK+C:+5-.+421,>+,;5-7+>-4L*1:2+5MD ,+;2-34M?8?

NOPOQORS TUVWXUWXUYZ[V\]Y^WZ_\`_ZabcY\

)*-,,+;2-34;34,->+5,2*+-4,214214+3/,96+03;-2<B-+0>3B2*++C:+5-.+42;3.:15+>A-2*2*+ ,-./012-34?d4++C1.:0+-,/,+>B352*+610->12-34D,-.-015232*+B35.12-4L*1:2+5M?e35 ;3.:15-,34D2*+5+,/02,B53.,+;2-34M?8?15+10,3,*3A4*+5+?d40<2*+FGf;143013-0,:51< A1,/,+>-42*+610->12-34D>/+232*++C;+,,-6++5535,B3/4>-42*+>-+,+0,:51<IJK5+,/02,g,++ ,+;2-349??hB35>+21-0,i?

e-=/5+Gj,*3A,2*+-4,214214+3/,-.1=+3B2*+FGf;143013-0,:51</,-4=01,+5,*++2 -00/.-412-34?

klmnopqrstuvwpolxpyzlx{mp|}{~q€{y|{|l‚wo{ƒ„lz…lyzpy‚lzƒ€|nyzy|ox{l‚p† z|{o{ymp}o|x‡z|ˆˆ‡‰Šlm…z‚…ppzlnxly{zl|y‹ŒlŽ‡tŒ{‹y|‘s’‡“x‹Œ{”‡•{o‹

zŽqx‚‰

)*+0-=*2,*++2+42+5,B53.2*+73223.3B2*+-.1=+gC1C-,>-5+;2-34i?)*+0-=*2,;122+5+>7<2*+ >53:0+2,-,;1:2/5+>7<2*+;1.+51?@,,/.-4=2*122*+>53:,-–+,15+5+012-6+0<,-.-015

C

(49)

!!!" #!!$%"&'(!)"*$+,$

%-..#"##"!.#"/#" 012$$%.##"3$4$+$5#.!##. .!-.!#$$%6!6#"..#""! 7!62$3$%"#!""" "83.. ""8+..!$9.!!#+.."8 ##"".!/#!6!"..#$%3 .."8##"! "6!" "$:"" .##;-;-!#-!</6! "#-.$=""#"!"!#! "!!#!$%.."##! #"! !"#!>4?@$A"! "!"!#!!# .!##!#$%" ".BCD"!!$%E"!!!!"!# !!## $(.!6 8"3$4$+$5.!!..!.!6!#" ".!..#$F#;?G.!.!## ".#!!-..$

(50)

!"#!$!!%&'("#)*$!+"!"(!,!

!-"$! +!+.-!/(-+ -!+012-!3!$4+.+! .!43"$"123$!&!56)13"!$4! " + +,"7! "!3 .!43"+ !.12("! !!-!+$+(!,! !6"".+

!-88!#!+!/(-+ !"(!,1

9:;<=>?@ABC?D:E<FGH:IJ?=>K<FH?LFIH?KMIN:J;?HM>?HIHGF?O=ILF>H?K<=PGQ>?G=>G?RSTU?IP?G?V@W? QGJIFG?I:F?KL=GXY?ZM>?ST?LFIH?=>LF:QGH>K?HM>?KQGHH>=>O?F:;MH?:EG;>?P=IE?HM>?>[L>=:E>JHY?

\:]^C_?`\Ga?SJIb]TcC?dEa?\G]BC?eG=a?H^]@?EKY?

f gh5"$(+.+ -!+012(" ! 6"$,!#+.! -!+$.("(("! +! 1 i+.+$!!!(.$!+6"$,!+...!((!+ +3 .#-!+$12!(.$ +#jfkl#$"!,1

-"! +l.("6"$,.! !l.(""$! +l.("(!$".!- l!+. (!$"(("! +!4+#-i !m&61n+!$ -3 +$.12$ -$.!-("-+ .+ #"o(.! 1#p12$.$..!""+#-! +!6!"!3" #-!"".("! "!+$-+ 1h!+ (3" $. .! !$+ +",

-"! +!$+-.-$.4(!$1

q+ -"! +!$-(".l"+.! !/(. 7! "!36)1# !+!",!+.("+1r4 + +,("++l!$$ +# -"! +(!,""$ .!+..6..+ !-! /#/s6!"+ (/" +.!*6"!(1

tuvwxyz{||}

(51)

! "!# !# $"%&$'!($)&&$!*!+#,,&* -$*. /0$%&## -+#&)"!"$)%'!$#$*"120'# $&#$&.34/563#.7 $84,9/:.

3#4/;#.!4".!,4<"1

=>?@ABBCD@E@?CFGHI@G@?AB?JBAC@KLMCIAH>@?@HHAGNCFAOOBNAPHQFFCDM>RSJ>?CMF>F> CD@G@HJBCHCFOGFEMK@A?B@AG@GEMHJABMHACMF>FSCD@SBFIOACC@G>TUD@@PO@GMQ@>CABVWXG@HJBCH I@G@ABHFHQFFCD@KCFAMKSBFIEMHJABMHACMF>TUD@KFI>HMK@CFHQFFCDM>RCD@MQAR@MHCDACCD@ O@AYE@BF?MCNA>KHDAGOEAGMACMF>HM>CD@MQAR@AG@HQFFCD@KQAYM>RCD@A>ABNHMHFSCD@DMRD@HC E@BF?MCNQAR>MCJK@KMSSM?JBCT

Z[\]^_`abbc

][

\]

^_

`ab

b

c

`

`

de fee ffe fge fhe fie fje

[ge [fj [fe [j e j fe fj ge

e j fe fj ge gj he hj ie ij E@BF?MCN

(52)

!"#$$%&'()"*$)+%$,*)! " -.$*")!$!$/)"0$1$"!'2"*)() + "$"*345 "*+.$+)!"6".$ ) ' "."$%$").$"+$-$"!"* "-'7))!"* +$$ $$!$" "-$!!!"$$""!'4" $% $$-$$$$$$6".$ ) "$"."$ +"!"*+)!""('8'9''

:;<=>?@ABCD@E;F=GHI;JK@;KLIHKIHK?J=L@M?GJN;IO@P>JQ;G?@PGJI@R;IS@?T=;MHG?KI@CD@U@CD@P;U?G@ R;KVJRW@AXY@JM?>GHPP;K<@HKV@SHGQ@L?IL@JQ@M?NIJ>@H>>JRLZ@[AY@NHKJGH@J;GW@\;]^X_@`\HW@

aKJb]DcX@dFW@\H]CX@eH>W@I^]A@FLZ@

2"*)("$$)""- +6".$ ) $!".) $" ) " -'2$ "!$"f".) $"""-.$!)"*$. +.) $"$+)!"g$5"+$hij$!!"%!"k$++$ 'h8lj'

m.$"* 06".$!".) $"1f"$) -"."$'.$*")!+""-%) $$!%-"."$'*"" $"*$"*.$*")!!!"*""-$ )""!"" 0$","n""$!,"n*$"1'

") $*$"$ "!$$"$$)345) +6"..$$% !"$ ! "-) +".) $"'

opqrstuvwwx

rp

qr

st

uvw

w

x

u

u

yz {zz {{z {|z {}z {~z

p|z p{ p{z p z  {z { |z

(53)

!"#$%&#!'!!"%##!%(!)*#'!+* #%,-.)#!&#!&/0123450#/6!71893:/0#13'#/21%,

;<=<><?@ ABCDEFGHEIJCDKLKLBME

NOPQRSSTUPRVOWPQTXYTZX[TT\]TZR^TOPX_ZTS`_PSaZV^STUPRVObcccXZTUV^]XZTdeRPQPQT ^`_PR]_TSR^`_XPRVOZTS`_PSeQRUQeTZTUV^fROTdPVVfPXROPQTTg`RYX_TOP^TXOc

hO_iPQTjklUXOV_XVR_S]ZXieXS`STdaVZPQTmNnSP`dRTSWd`TPVT\UTSSRYTTZZVZSaV`OdROPQT dRTST_a`T_S]ZXimNnZTS`_PScoQTT\]TZR^TOPX_ZTS`_PSSQVeOROSTUPRVObcccXZTPQTjkl

qrstuv@wxxy

tr st uv @wx x y @ @

z{ |{{ ||{ |}{ |~{ |{ |€{

r}{ r|€ r|{ r€ { € |{ |€ }{ r| r{‚ r{ƒ r{ r{} { {} { {ƒ {‚ | t@|{ nVZPRURPi „Sp…

qrstuv@wxxy

tr st uv @wx x y @ @

z{ |{{ ||{ |}{ |~{ |{

r}{ r|€ r|{ r€ { € |{ |€ }{ r| r{‚ r{ƒ r{ r{} { {} { {ƒ {‚ | t@|{ nVZPRURPi

„Sp…

†\]TZR^TOP

(54)

! "!#$%&$# '&$($)*$+ ''' % '$)#$')'$)',+ ''' % )#% "$$$ # $$'&'$)#$#$ ''! $ -$#$%&($) # ,. ')/#- )$' $+ '$)#)$''-$0$,&1,2/# -)$' $)# )#%$'$-'$$$ # "#& !#&#'+$$' '#$ "#,. ))-"$'',2#$3$ "#'4 + ' "-% "$" ))-"$'&+$$,

5$"6'+''''$&&$&&'$)#$' %''786)',2

'''$$9''&6))+ '',2#'+' ##'& &) ($)1'4$! #7:(7:$(# +$6;<!# ,2#'& + ' '- '$'' #$"$'$%&$($) #'#',2 $&&'$" ##+$$$ ### )- " $' #$$$ # ' %$$,2#'+' + ''#$"$&&$' %$*+$# #$'$-$+ '4$$&&,2$ #'&' %'+' #"' #$' -$#$%! $&)' %' %,2 "'$'&' %' $-#'&) $+$$'$'%&&#+,. #&7= '+) '$)#$!'$&) >?'#,@ '$)#$ :'''$>?#'+) 6A$)',2$') #&:7$&& $' '#',2) >?#+ ' ##'$"' )) ''+$ '$,,,,

(55)

!!"#$%$%#&'

($$% () #*+'"#'&' ##! #$ ! $%' ,"%-.) #/0,/0",# &'12)# "*312% # 4! ! 54!!'!673*%%482! # #497/1:;9 4<=731

>%4971? 4/7%*

@ABCDEFGHIJEKLCM CDHENOPCIJCQRCPOSTOOD

C

C

U UVUR UVW UVWR

XUVUY U UVUY

Y Q Z [CWUX\

C

C

U UVUR UVW UVWR

XUVUY U UVUY

W Y ] Q [CWUX\

C

C

U UVUR UVW UVWR

XUVUY U UVUY

W Y ] Q [CWUX\

^XI[EDC_FOJTOD` C

C

U UVUR UVW UVWR

XUVUY U UVUY

(56)

!"#$%&'()%)*+&"#%"%("',(!# "% !%" #%./(%$%&'"##)!0!12!1" !" &-( !"%%'!%" #(%.

3456789:;<:9=>?874@8AB9CBD?E9FAG9H4@6IFB4DA9CJDBBD@E9@8FA9K8IDL4BM9?7DN4I89CLDABD67H9FAG9 K8LBD7HE9JFH8G9DA9OPP9HF@?I8HQ9R:S9LFADIF9D4IT9U4VPWX9YUFT9ZAD[VO\W9]@T9UFV<W9JF7T9BPV:9

@HT9BPOVP:9^HQ9

/!%" #!"#$%&'()%""_#)!`*!%" ##./% -" " &# & ("'$%&'""# ,(!# "%%./ ,(!# &"-("_$%&'""a 2!1%!%" #%"

bcdefghijjk

ec de fg hij j k h h

lm nmm nnm nom npm nqm

com cnr cnm cr m r nm nr om m r nm nr om or pm pr bcdefghijjk

ec de fg hij j k h h

lm nmm nnm nom npm nqm nrm

com cnr cnm cr m r nm nr om m r nm nr om or pm pr s%&'

t!1u

s%&' t!1u v,(!#

(57)

! "#$!%&'(! % &)&*&% )+ +&!& + * ),'-!.&++*!,% & & & *&&/%'

(+&%*,%&% ) &)'()! !%)&)&+%01 %21%2& !&)*3)44'5&++! %&* &++,%&%%+'

(+!)+%! &!63)447%&++8

= >< <,?<9:; 6@'A7

!<* %+!%%

<

>

D D

B

E

C'

(,% &*&* +)'%%,, '(! * ,%FGG! )+))%*, '

3)4H ! &++%+*!,%& %'

IJKLMNOPQRSOTNUVOWNXYZJ[\O]J^^NMNVZNO_MY^JXNO`N[aNNVO[bNONc_NMJdNV[OUV]O[bNOeJdLXU[JYVO MNeLX[efOgPhOZUVYXUOYJXiOjJklmnOTjUiOoVYpkqrmOsdiOjUkRmO`UMiO[lkPOdefO

uvwxyz{|}}~

xv

wx

yz

{|}

}

~

{

{

€ €€ € ‚€ ƒ€ „€

v‚€ v… v€ v… € … € … ‚€

(58)

!!"##$!%&##''( $$)'( '*'+ ,()$) '-''.$*(/-##($'( '-.+,($) ')*'$.(0. '-.'*)*( '#*'*'+1 (' '2(/-#$*#)'*' --$) +

3456789:;<=9>?@874A8BC9DCE@F9GBH9I4A6JGC4EB9DKECCEAF9LMN9EO9CP89Q8JER4CS9DREBCE67I9 @7EO4J8F9REAK4B8H9T4CP9CP89EQ87JGS8H9A8GB9Q8JER4CS9Q8RCE7IU9=:V9RGBEJG9E4JW9X4YZ[\9MXGW9

]BE^Y_`[9aAW9XGY<[9KG7W9CZY:9AIW9CZ_YZ:9bIU9

c*"d'( '(efg(0).-#(/-#$'#*'*'

ijklmnopqqr

lj kl mn opq q r o o

st utt uut uvt uwt uxt uyt

jvt juy jut jy t y ut uy vt v w x y z { |

ijklmnopqqr

lj kl mn opq q r o o

st utt uut uvt uwt uxt

(59)

!!"#$!!%&'()*+,)& !&)-"".)))!)%)-%+,!)")/-% -/-+

0123456789:6;<=541>5?@6A@B=C6D?E6F1>3GD@1B?6AHB@@B>C6I5J?BGEF6F@45FF6BK6@L56M5GBN1@J6 ANB?@B34F6=4BK1G5C6NB>H1?5E6O1@L6@L56BM54GDJ5E6>5D?6M5GBN1@J6M5N@B4FP6Q7R6ND?BGD6B1GS6 T1UVWX6YTDS6Z?B[U\]W6^>S6TDU9W6HD4S6@VU76>FS6@V\UV76_FP6

`)&- a"b%".%/))%!()!" )!-%)-%/).%+,-%/!.-%.%%)!

efghijklmmn

hf gh ij klm m n k k

op qpp qqp qrp qsp qtp

frp fqu fqp fu p u qp qu rp fqu fqp fu p u qp qu efghijklmmn

hf gh ij klm m n k k

op qpp qqp qrp qsp qtp qup

frp fqu fqp fu p u qp qu rp fqu fqp fu p u qp qu --% !* --% !*

v()!

(60)

!"

#$%&'()"

*+,,-.,/01,23456450743082893+,:;</,=>53==+8?,73+433+,.,2,3/43082@?073+@6,58A030,= 4271,427/8.=0B,=893+,/,=.,A306,=./4C=?,/,./,781024235CA81.4/4D5,E*+,/,?,/,=81, A4=,=+8?,6,/@?+,/,3+,3?8/,=>53=?,/,283A82=0=3,23E

*+,=01>543,7FGHA42854.,2,3/43082?4==50I+35CD>3A82=0=3,235C+0I+,/3+42,-.,/01,23E *+,,-.,/01,2345427=01>543,7A82,42I5,02A/,4=,?03+I4=./,==>/,EJ8?,6,/@98/=+8/3=./4C 7>/43082=KL1=M@3+,=01>543,7A82,42I5,0=5,==3+42,-.,/01,23EN/8>271=38G1=@3+, =01>543,7427,-.,/01,2345A82,42I5,4/,=01054/EO8/+0I+,/=./4C7>/43082=@3+,,-.,/01,2345 A82,42I5,=7,A/,4=,?+05,3+,=01>543,7645>,=02A/,4=,=50I+35CE

P03+02A/,4=,79>,560=A8=03C@3+,,-.,/01,2345A82,42I5,=02A/,4=,@D>33+,=01>543,7A82, 42I5,=7,A/,4=,E

*+,7/8.=0B,A81.4/0=82=+8?,73+433+,=01>543,7427,-.,/01,23457/8.=0B,=?,/,6,/C A82=0=3,23?03+,4A+83+,/E

*+,Q7/8.5,36,58A03C6,A38/90,576450743082?4=782,98/FGHA42854825C427=+8?,73+43 3+,,-.,/01,2345743414CA823402,//8/=433+,A,23/,502,/,I0827>,38+0I+=./4C7,2=03CE J8?,6,/@3+,86,/455/,=>53=A81.4/,7?,55?03+,4A+83+,/E

*+,,-.,/01,23456450743082893+,2>1,/0A45/,=>53=+46,./86,73+433+,=01>543082/,=>53= ?,/,/,504D5,427A42D,>=,798/027,.3+=3>70,=893+,=./4C=3/>A3>/,4=I06,2023+, 98558?02I=,A3082E

Figure

Updating...

References

Updating...