Possession and Ownership: a cross-linguistic typology

Full text

(1)
(2)

Index of authors

Abbott, M. 1~, 17, 2~, 41 Abraham, P.

T.

168 Adelberger, Jorg 209

Aikhenvald. Alexandra Y. 2, 5-10, 15-21, 25-6, 32, 35. 38. 42, 45-8. 52-4, 69. 107-25,153

Allen, W. Sidney 43

Ameka. Felix 4-5.8-10, 13. 30, 55-6, 224-41

Arora, Harbir Kaur 42

Bally. Charles

11 Baron. Irene 2

Barshi, Immanuel 2. 36 Bateson, G. 107, 121 Beaumont, C. H. 75 Behrend, Heike

48

Bisang, Walter 26 Blake, Barry

J.

168 Blench, Roger M. 225 Blust, Robert 2, 45 Boadi, Lawrence A. 224 Boas, Franz 12, 16. 49 Boeder, Winfried 42 Bowden, John 44

Bowden,

R. 117 Bril, I. ~4-6, 65-88 Brovm, Donald E. 224 Brownie, John 3, 12, 21 Brownie, Marjo 3. 12, 21

Campbell, Lyle 42-3 Carlin, Eithne B. 34, 48 Carlson,

R.

9

Carpenter, Kristen 261 Carrier, James

c.

289

Chao, Yuen

Ren 187. 190

Chapman, Shirley 13

Chappell, Hilary 2,3.4°,181-2,187.225.241 Cheng, Jie 187,198

Chirikba. Viacheslav A. 45 Christalier, J. G. 224 Churchward, C. M. 18

Clark, Eve V.

225 Claudi, Ulrike 234 Comrie, Bernard

212

Corominas. Joan 28 Creissels. denis 168 Crowhurst,

Megan 152

Crowley, Terry 2

Curnow, Timothy

Iowan

12,19,32 Delalorm, Cephas 21.6

Delancey, Scott 168 Deloria, Ella 16. 49 Dench. Alan 54-6,126-48 Deng, Siyin 187

Derbyshire, Desmond

C.

13-14, 17 Dinslage, Sabine 211

Dixon,

R.

M. W. 2, 5-13, 17-20. 27-30, 33-4. 38, 46, 52-6. 65, 68, 2.02, 215. 2.24-5, 291, 243-7.291-308

Dol, Philomena 7 Donohue. Mark 20

Edmondson, Jerold

A.

7 Elbert, S. H. 3, 14, 34, 47-9 Enfield, Nicholas J. 225 Epps. Patience 37 Errington, J. Joseph 47 Evans. Nicholas 127, 224-5

Foley, Willlam A. 30

(3)

310

Index

of authors

Gamkrelidze.

T. V.

28. 48

Geraghty. Paul

23

Gerdts, Donna 39 Glaskin. Katie 263 Graeber, David 275

Graham. A. G.

187 Gravelle, Gilles 97

Gravelle, Gloria 54-6, 90-106 Green, Diana 24

Gregory. C.

A. 274. 287

Gilldemann, Tom

225

Guo, Jimao 187.197

Haenen, Paul 205

Haiman, John

8-9

Han, Jingquan 187

Harnischfeger, Johannes

209, 213 Harrison, S.}. U5. 121, 123

Harrison, S. P. 18

Hegel, Georg 262

Heine, Bernd 2,27-32,37,44.46,101-4,175,

217-18, 225. 234. 237

Hellwig. Birgit

220

Henry. Rosita

54-6. 274-89 Herslund, Michael 2

Hill. D. 75. 82

Hockett. C.

F.

224

Huang, C.-T. James 186-7.194

Hyman.

Larry

37

Hyslop;Catriona 7.9.14.

2i,

31, 35

Isachenko, Alexander V. 27-8

Ivanov. Vyach. Vs. 12,28,48

Jensen,

Cheryl

11

Jespersen,

Otto

20,

44

Kachru, Yamuna 42

Karlgren. Bernhard 187

Katyal, Sonia

261, 271

Kearney,

Michael

225

Keating,

Elizabeth

23. 47-50

Kettler, Sonja 2, 27. 46 Kiyosawa, Kaoru 39

Klamer. Marian 45

Klumpp.

Dorothy

28

Koehn.

Sally

25

Koshal,

Sanyukta

42 Kurylowicz, J. 42

Kuteva. Tania 175

La Fontinelle de, J. 74

Lee,

K-D.

4'

Lemonnier, Pierre 287

Levinson, Stephen C. 224 Lewis, Geoffrey 7

Li.

Charles

186-7

Lichtenberk, Frantisek 6,9-10,20,2),66,

69.74.77-8

Lin, Yon-Jing

41

Luo. ¥ongxian 54-6,186-207

Lu,

Bingfu

187

Luig.

Ute

48

Lynch. John

2.9.77

Lyons,

Christopher

189 Lyons. John 2, 48, 224

Ma. Zhigang

187

McGregor, William 2, 3. 225

McKinsey

& Co. 270 Macquarie Capital Advisors

Limited 269

Matthews.

P. H.

243-5,

249

Matthews,

Stephen

46 Mattina, Nancy 39

Meek.

C. K. 213 Meinhof, Carl 210

Merlan, Francesca 124, 276-82, 187

Michael.

Lev D.

54-6. 149-66 Mihas, Elena 175

Mithun, Marianne 2, 16. 36-40, 43

Mosel. U. 68.

75-6

(4)

Murdoch, George P.

224-Mycielski, jan 243

Nichols. Johanna

4

Nikiforidou,

Kiki

5 Noonan. Michael 13. 175

Nordlinger, R. 17

Noye, Dominique 255

Obata, Kazuko 39

Ostapirat, Weera 45

Osumi, Midori 10. 13

Ozanne-Rivierre.

F.

68-70,74.77.80

Pacioni, P. 26. 44

Pan, Haihua 187

Partee. Barbara H. 193

Pasch, H.

10,

13

Payne, Doris 1. 2, 9. 36, 225, 238

Penalver. Eduardo 271 Perniss, Pamela 17-8

Post, Mark W. 54-6, 167-84

Ramirez, Henri 50

Reesink, Ger 9, 45, 93, 97

Reh, Mechthild 37

Reinoso Galindo,

Andres

Eduardo 28

Ribeiro, Eduardo 25

Richards, Joan

16

Riley, Angela 261 Ring, Andrew j. 237

Rivierre,

}.-c.

79

Robbins, Joel 261-3. 268, 271

Rodrigues, Aryan D.

25

Rose, Carol 268

Ross,

Malcolm

2,

265

Routamaa, judy 42, 265

Rumsey, Alan 51-2.,124.276-82.187

Sadler, 1. 17

Sands. Kristina 42-3

Saxton, D. 25 Schmidt, Annette 46 Schroeder, Jeanne 262

Index

of authors

311

Seiler. Hansjakob 2;"29, 31, 225

Seki, 1. 27. 43

Shay, Erin 243. 249 Shen, Jiaxuan 197

Shi, Yuzhi

187 Shimizu, IGyoshi 209

Slater. Keith W. 12

Song, jae jung 41

S0rensen, Finn 2 Spaulding, Craig 43

Spaulding, Pat 43 Staalsen,

Lori

117

Staalsen,

Philip 117

Stasch. Rupert 261-2,266.269-71

Stassen, Leon 225. 237 Stewart, Pamela

J.

2.75, 286

Stolz, Thomas 2. 27. 46

Storch, Anne 54-6, 208-23 Strathern. Andrew

J.

275-6,287

Strathern. Marilyn 262, 276, 287

Stroh. Cornelia 2, 27. 46

Subbarao, Karumuri Venkata 42

Sun, jackson T.-S. 41 Sybesma, Rint 187

Taylor, john

R.

224 Telban, Borut u8

Thompson, Chad 13-15.32

Thompson, Sandra 186-7 T omu. Cecilia E. 226

Ullrich. Charles 45, 49

Urdze, Aina 2, 27, 46

van

den Berg,

Rene

45

van

Staden, Miriam 45 Vasmer, Max 48

Velazquez-Castillo, Maura 33

ViitsQ,

T.-R.

2.9

Weiner, Annette 266-8. :274. 287 Weiner, James 263.287

Weir, E. M" Helen 38

(5)

312

Index of authors

Wen, Binli 187

Westermann. Diedrich 219

Wierzbicka, Anna 225 Wilson, William H. 18 Wood, Michael 54-6,261-72

Xiao, Defa 187, 198

Xu, Dan 186-7, 197

Yang, Tongyin 7

Zeshan, Ulrike 27-8

(6)

Index of languages, language families,

linguistic areas,

and

ethnic groups

African languages 55. 66 Akan 224. 234

Amazonian languages 8, 15. 27. 291-2 Apalai 25.

see

also

Carib languages Apatani 168

Arawa

languages

13.27.42,56.291,295 Arawak languages 8,12,15-16.19-20,25.

31- 2,36.44-6,

so,

55. 149, 153. 225 Athabaskan languages 13

Australian languages 27. 36. 41, 51-2, 56, 126-8,137-40,147. 291

Austronesian languages 9. 20, 44-5 Awa Pit (Cuaiquier) 12,19-20,32

Baltic languages 28-9. 48 Balta-Finnic languages 27.42

Baniwa Hohodene 16, 19.

see

also

Baniwa

of

I~ana/Kurripako

Baniwa of Iyana/Knrripako 16, 19.

26-8,50

Barbacoan

langu

ages

12, 19-20. 32 Bilua 39

Boumaa Fijian 34

Cantonese 26. 46

Carib language

s

14-17.41-2,46

Caucasian Sprachbund 42, 45 Chadie languages 243-4. 249 Chinese.

see

Mandarin Chinese Colloquial Welsh 29

Dakkhini 42 Dakota 16, 49-50 'Dongo~ko 10. 13 Drehu 66.77.80

Dyirbal 18.31.34.46.56.291-306

East Benue~Congo 208

East Bird's Head Peninsula

family

97.106 East Nusantara linguistic area 45

East Tucanoan languages 16. 46

English 3-6.20.28.32.36-7.43-5.48.50.189. 193-5. 202-3. 291. 294-6. 299. 302-6 Estonian 29-30. 42

Ewe 5. 8, 10, 13, 45-6, 225-6, 230-5, 238-41

Fijian dialects 44. 48. see also Bownaa Fijian Finnish 42-3

Fula 255

Galo 2-16.28-3°.34.37.42-7.167-85.3°6 Gbe 226.

see also

Ewe

Ghana~Togo-Mountain languages Greek 5

Guarani, Paraguayan 33

Hatam 9 Haya 37 Hindi 42

Hixkaryana 14-15 Hlai 45

Hmong 10, 26, 46

Hone 3. 10-13. 16, 34, 44-6, 55, 111. 118, 123. 208-223

Hup 37--8

Iaai 70.77 Iatmul 107, 121

Indo-European languages 3.11.28-9,42.46 Iroquoian languages 43

(7)

314

Index of languages

Ie

languages 25. 42

Jukunoid

languages

50, 208

Kaliai-Kove 20

Kam 7 Kamaiuni 27

Kampa languages 149-54

Kamula 42,48-52,55-6,261-72,307 Karawari uS

Kariri 25

Kipea-Kariri;

see

Kariri

Konkani 42

Koyukon 13-15. 32, 35. 42

Ku Waru 117.276-81.

see

also

Temhoka

Kusaiean 41

Kwa languages 55. 224-Kwoma 107. 117

Ladakhj 42

Lakota

43. 45. 49.

s

ee also

Dakota

Lango 13

Likpe 2-11,28.37.43-6,55.114.215.224-42,294 Lolovoli dialect of the North-east Arnbae

language

7.9.14.21,31,35

Lower

Sepik languages 118

Maa 238

Macro-

Je

languages

25

Macushi

15,17.25.41 l1anarn 66.74.77-8.87

Manambu 3-4. 20, 27-31, 34-40, 49. 52, 54.

107-125. 306

Mandarin Chinese 4-5. 8, 11, 18, 29. 40-7. 55. 186-207, 294

-Mangghuer

12

Martuthunira 3.7.9-13.18,27-8.36,47.54-5. u8. 126:-48, 292

Matsigenka 149-50. 154, 165 l1aybrat 7

Mba

languages

10

l1ekeo 9

Melpa 276,

see

also

Ku Waru, T emboka

l1eyah 97. 106

Miao~Yao languages 26,46

Micronesian languages 3, 14, 23. 41

Modern

Tepehuan 25 Mohawk 43

MongoHc 12

Moskona 2, 4. 7-15. 29-31. 35, 41-2, 45-9, 54.90-106,117,204

Mussau 3.7.12,21-2 Mussau~Emira;

see

Mussau

Nadeb 38

Nankma 43. 54

Nanti 3-5.8.11-16.19-20.27.30.33,36-9.50,

54-5. 120. 149-66, 204. 225. 306-7 Na~ Togo languages 224

Ndu languages 54

Nelemwa

2,4-16,20-1.24.26,30,36-9.43. 54. 65-89. 294

New Caledonian languages 70, 77-9

Nilo-Saharan languages 238

North-east

Ambae language

7.9.14.21.31,35.

see nlso

Lolovoli

dialect

of the

North-east

Ambae

language

Nilotic languages 13

North American [nruan

languages

2 North Arawak languages 15, 19. 25

OceaniC languages 2-3. 6-14. 20-3. 28, 33. 41. 48. 54. 66-8. 74. 87-8

Palikur 25. 46

Papago 25

Papuan languages 9. 276.

see also

Ndu languages

Paraguayan Guarani 33 Pauman 13

Piapoco 28

Pilbara

languages 126. 139-40 Portuguese 5. 2.8

Proto-Arawa 295

Proto-Eastern Malaya-Polynesian 45

Proto-Oceanic 71

Proto~Tibeto-Burman 168

(8)

Retuara 45

Salish languages 39 Sign languages 27-8

Siouan languages

1~, 50

Slavic languages 12, 28-9. 48 Sougb 97, 106

South Halrnahera languages 44 Spanish 5, 28

Taba 44

Tai-Kadai languages 7.45

Tariana 12, 14-16, 26, 32, 44-6, 48-50 Temboka 2,7.35.42,49,51,56,274-90,306-7 Tibeto-Burman languages 42,55.167

Tigak 75 Tinrin 10, 13

Tolai 68, 75, 87 Tongan 18 Toqabaqita

la,

14 Trio 34.48

Index of languages

315

Tsimshian 12

Tucano 6,16,46,48-5°

Tucanoan languages 45.

see also

East Tucanoan languages

Tupi-Guarani languages 25-7, 42

Turkish 7, 44

Uto-Aztecan languages 25,31

Vaupes

area

52

Wandala 2-7.11,14,28-30,42,48,

55,243-60

Warekena 8, IS, 19 Warembori 20

Waura 16

Welsh,

see

Colloquial Welsh West Greenlandic 17. 31-2, 49

(9)

Index of subjects

absolutive-ergative 41-3 adposition 81-3

advanced tongue root vowel harmony 226

allenable possession 8-15.21-7.32.-3.40-1,

52-6, 212-13. 225. 280-1, 294-307

in

Moskona

91-100

in Nanti 150-8

in N~lemwa 72-3. 79-80

analytic construction 9-10, 20, 98-100,

see also

iconicity. alienable possession

animacy 11-14.19.25-7.33-4.37.40,43.53.

136. 156, 159-60. 172, 186, 248. 280,

see

also

humanness

in Hone 210-12

in Manambu 109-20

in Nelemwa 70-83

animate,

see

animacy

applicative 39.53. 149. 163-5

apposition 9. 12, 56, 73. 96. 110-11, 128. 144-6, 175.192,215-16,232-3.240

argument structure,

see

grammatical relations ascension 36,53.151-2,198-9.

see also

external possession. raising

association 1-6,12,28-30.44.52.55.109.

113-15.303-4 in Galo 16S-75. IS3-4

in Hone 215-19

in Likpe 224-5. 229-36

in Mandarin Chinese 186-95

in Nelemwa 76-80

in Temboka 278-9 'belong' 27-9, 103-4. 160 benefactive 1, 41-2. 54. 82-3

body part terms 3-15.21,26.32-3.37.40-5.

53.265.280.

see

also

part-whole relations in Galo 171-3,181-2

in Hone 213-14

in Likpe 229-36

in Manambu 109-10,115-18

in Mandarin Chinese 187-92

in Martuthunira 139. 144-6

in Moskona 93-6

in Nanti 154-5

in N~lemwa 65-87

in Temboka 278-82

in Wandala 250-1

bound noun.

see

relational noun

case syncretism 41-2.128-40 classificatory verb 35. 90-1, 279-82

classifiers 5.8-11,20-7,33-4,90-1,163-5,169

in Mandarin Chinese 193-5

in Nanti 164-5

in NeJemwa

68-70

clausal possession,

see

predicative possession

climate change 269-72

comitative 83.137-8.173-4,221-2,233.291-4

compound 74,77-8, 81. 117. 186, 200-1,210,

215-19

constituent order 66. 91, 150, 186. 209. 226,

244. 293-4

construct 68, 71-84,

see

also

pertensive control 18

copula construction 29-31. 34-5. 108-9.

117-19,221-2

core grammatical relations 36-9. 90,

see

also

grammatical relations

cultural parameters and possession 4.26-7.

45-52, 303-8

among the Kamula 261-72

among the Temboka 275-89

in Gala 182-4

in Hone 212-13.221-3

in Likpe 239-40

(10)

in Mandarin Chinese 200-4

in Martuthunira 147

in Moskona 106 in Nanti 165-6

dative 30.41-3, 227~8)279

definiteness 20-6, 29-35. 44. 53. 100-3. 124! 151, 159. 193-5. 204. 255-6

demonstrative 71, 140-2, 193-5

direct marking of possession 9-11,

see also

inalienable possession

in Moskona 93-100

in NeU~mwa 68-87

discourse factors and possession 19-20

ergative 41-3

exchange 261-72, 275-89

exclusive possession

268-9

existential 27-35. 86. 159-60. 176-80, 219-21,

258-60, 279-82

external possession 2, 36-41. 53. 87. 106, 116, 181-2,239

foregrounding 36.39-40. 53. 239.

see also

external possession, noun incorporation

gender 108-24. 213

genitalia, possession of 144-6. 213

genitive 4-12,18,25.41-4.128.135,168-75.

217-19,278-9

genitive classifiers,

see

possessive classifiers genitive possession schema 30

grammatical relation markers and possessive markers 41-3, 173-5

grammatical relations 6.27.36-9,43,66,90-1,

see also

oblique grammatical relations.

external possession, noun incorporation

grammaticalization

4,10,12, 21, 28,37. 46, 81-3.

236.240-1,249

Index

of subjects

317

in Hone 210-14 ~ in Moskona 91, 96-100

in Nelemwa 70-7

iconic motivation,

see

iconicity iconicity 8-10. 26.52

inalienable possession

8-15.21-7.32-3,36-9. 52-6.225. 236.275-6 ,278-81.294-302

in Moskona 91-100

in Nanti 150-8

in Nelemwa 68-82

inanimate,

see

animacy

incorporability of noWlS 36-41, 53, 161-4,

see

also

noun incorporation

indirect marking

of possession

9-14,

see

also

alienable possession

in Moskona 92-3

in Nelemwa 72-3, 79-80

individuation 10-14, 20, 36-41. 53

interrogative 6, 11, 250-1. 259

Iranian linguistic tradition 7 izafet 7

juxtaposition.

see

apposition

kinship relations 3-16. 32-3, 36, 40, 45-8,

52-5,265-9.303-4

in Gala 171

in Hone 212-13 in Likpe 209-36 in Manambu 115-18

in Mandarin Chinese 187-92

in Martuthunira 127. 132-44

in Moskona 91, 96-100 in Nanti 150, 156-8

in NHemwa 65-74.77.87 in Temboka 279-81

in Wandala 250-4.

see

also

relational noun

land ownership 49-52,55-6,165-6.261-72.

'have' 27-9,32-3,100-3, 117-18, 304 275-89,274-91, )06-8

head in possessive construction 27.90.109-14. language contact 1-2.45-6. 105-6. 165-6, 113-16,131-2,145-6.155-6. 168. 294-302 221-3.239-41

(11)

318

Index of subjects

location and possession 12., 3D-I. 81-2, 86, 96.

109-11, 146, 188-9. 303-4

in Gala 173-80

in Hone 221-2

in Likpe 225. 232, 237-40

in Temboka 279-80

mirative pronoun 214-15

name 4.10-16.21,40.48-9.54-6.108,120-7.

130, 214. 305-6 name ownership 120-7

negative possession

27.35-6,86-7.90.101-4. 258-60,

see also privative

in Likpe 238

in Manambu 108. 117-20

in Martuthunira 128. 138-40 in Nanti 159-60

nominal hierarchy 11-12,40

nominal tense 17

nominalization 5-6. 15. 18. 36. 43-4. 239

in Nelemwa 83-4

nominative-accusative 108, 126

non-verbal clause, see verbless dause

noun class

209-10.213-14.22.6-8

noun incorporation 27. 36-41, 53. 87, 150,

161-2,

see also

incorporability of nouns noun phrase, marking of possession in 3-11,

see also

possessive noun

phrase

oblique grammatical relations 36-8,42-3.53.

see also

granunatical relations

orientation,

see

spatial relations

ol'mership 3-4.47-52,87.108.120-4,150-8.

171.182-4,195-6. 239-41, 261-72, 275-89.

302-8

part-whole relations 3-12, 27. 33. 36-41. 52. 187-92,303-4.

see

also

body part terms

in Gala 171-3

in Likpe 229-36

in Martuthunira 128, 144-6 in Moskona 109-10

in Nanti 150,156-7,164-5

jn NcHemwa 65-87

pennanent possession 17-18.31. 34. 178-9,

219-22.

see

also

temporary posseSSion

person of possessor 10, 11, 203-4,

see

also

speech act participants

pertensive 7.18.48,68.71-83.127.130,

136-7. 246-51

positional verb 28. 46. 109. 117, 179-80.

220-2, 292-4

possession as

a

term 2-3. 224-5. 243, 304

possessive classifiers 5.8-11.20-7.33-4.68-70,

90-1.164-5,169.

see also

classifiers

possessive derivations 31-2,39

possessive noun phrase 1-27.52-3 and other noun phrase types 5-6 in Galo 168-75

in Hone 210-19 in Likpe 224-5, 229-36

in Manambu 109-17

in Mandarin Chinese 187-95 in Martuthunira 127-46 in Moskona 91-100 in Nanti 151-8 in Nelemwa 66-85 in Temboka 278-80 in Wandala 245-56

possessor's properties 11-12,34-5.39-41,

52-3, 93-6, 109-24, 150, 155-6, 161,

195-99, 229-36

postpOSition 228. 235-6. 278,

see

also

adposition

posture verb 179-80,

see also

positional verb

predicaUve possession 5-6, 27-36. 52-3

in Gala 175-81 in Hone 219-22 in Likpe 237-9 in Manambu 117-20

in Mandarin Chinese 195-200 in Martuthunira 146-7

in Moskona 92-3, 100-5

in Nanti 158-63 in Nelemwa 85-7 in Temboka 278-81 in Wandala 256-60

(12)

privative 27, 35-6. 86-7, 128, 138-4°, 292-4,

see also

negative possession prominence 19-20,38-41

pronoun 11-12,92-3.112-13,128-31,152,160,

187-8.209-15.221-2.229-36.246-58. see

also

mirative pronoun

proper name,

see

name

property 3-4. 106, 183-4.

see also

ownership purpose 41-2,109-11

quantification 5-6, 52, 65. 84. 87, 91, 229

raising 36,53,151-2,198-9,

see also

ascension, external possession

reflexive possession 11-12

relational classifiers.

see

possessive classifiers relational noun 67-82, 244-5

relativization 27.40-1,44,53.116-17,198-200

reversative construction 150, 163

segmentary person 123-4, 282-3

Semitic linguistic tradition 7

spatial relationships 4-7,10-12,69.76,96,

10 9-10,172,229-36

speech act participants lQ-11, 97-100. 204

speech registers 23-4, 33-4, 47

spirits 29,47-9,51-2,55-6,121,261-72

Index of subjects

319

subordinate clause ':-43-4. 126

suppletion 10-11, 157

synthetic construction 9-10,20,99-100,108,

see also

iconicity, inalienable possession

temporal relationships in possession 17-18

temporary possession 17-18, 31, 34, 178-9,

219-22,

see also

pennanent possession

topicalization 31, 35, 100-2, 198-200, 209-10,300-1

totem 108,120-4,301-2

Turkic linguistic tradition 7

unpossessed form 14-15,153-4

unpossessable noun 15-16,93,213-14

verbless clause 29-31, 34-5. 86, 104, 118-19, 133. 146, 293-4

whole-part relations,

see

body part terms, part-whole relations

'with' -relation 221-2, 233, 292-4.

see also

comitative

Figure

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References

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