Research and Technology Bulletin No. 44, 24 February 1970.

(1)EUROPEAN. fiEBGarGh. COMMUNITY. and technology. bullrtin publishcd by rhc prcss ond informotion services commission of thc europeon commun ities. of thc. REPRODUCTIOTII AUTHORIZED. E!. 1- ..R.. Ii t';j. ILi;. I. :*1\ lI n''.1 't ii{t lii.r:i'i' t'.. '',. i;iu';t"t. {l. ti. Brussels, 2{ Febrlary No. 44. 1910. of the European Commr.rnities recently submitted. to the Consul-tative Committee of the European Coaf and, Steel Comrnr:nity (UCSC) a report on the -ry$-U. The Commission. =0&Isrf 4IIo_L_os_!B!EEcéL_4lLl_n!QUQ_[r_c__LE:1E4RCE-LaU-vJlIi§ IN THE STEEL AI'ID COAL SECTORS. A brief analysis is given. as an IEIIS" The. six Consultative. Committees on. the. management. of. nuclear prograrnmes (which the Community d.ecid.ed to create last June for the following sectors: fast reactors, high-ternperature reactors, hcavy water reactors, highflux reactors, pJ-utoniul and transplutonic elements and condensed state physics) met d,uring the first two weeks of February either in Brussel-s or in the establ-ishnients. of the Joint Research Ccntrc. These Committees are composed of reprcsentcr,tivcs of the Community Mcmber States and. of the Comrnission. They will givc an opinion on the _0IIE{T4II0N._QE_sllp__qo-!!{ryI!v_l§_EE§u.4gcH_B-ts-Qcn-4@§-a"a. will bc responsible for the necessary _LJéISO_\I between the Community prograrnmcs and the corresponùing national programmes in the six sectors und-er consid.eration. **. THE POI/ÙM OF THE HICH_FLUX REACTOR AT THE PETITD] RESEARCH. in thc Netherrands was raiscd from 3o to 40 I'iw on 20 February l)lO, thus enabling the irradiations pcrformed. in this tcst reactor to be improved. cuvTRE. For furthcr informotion plcose opply to the. 1251/x/7o. e. rL- l-{^,--+:^^. rìrtt-^-. Commission of the Europeon Communrties Directorote-Gencrol for Prcss ond lnformotion Scientific ond Technologicol lnformotion Service 200, ovcnuc de lo Loi Brusscls 4 - Te|.350040. rL- F.,,^^-^- a^--..^:+:. llì-. i--:,1-.

(2) -2xx The authorizations for the. 0F IRRAUATED FOODSTUFFS which have alread.y bccn 5rantccl in ccrtaj-n countries r,rerc g:vcn after proof had bcen supplied of the absence of any unacceptable physical, chemicel and. ccl-1ul-;,r changes in -bhem" Thi.s is the gist of the reply which the Commission of' the Europc,x Commu:ritics rccently gave to i',{r Vred.cling, a Drtch mcnibcr of the hrropeln Parl-iarncnt, who eiskcd whether thc irrad.iation of food.stuff s for prc,servf.tion purposes would- entail hea.lth d.angcrs inhercnt in the irrad-iation proccss itself .. t. I. MARKETil'iiG. to the Commissioir of the E\rropean Communitics by cor',rpanies or institutions in the CommrÌnity which are seeking Community financial backing; are bcing scrutinized- by the eppropriatc dcpartrncnts of the Commission.. tE't ELEIIfiI IRO]i AIID STEEL RESEARCH PROJECTS submitted. They cover the following fiel-ds:. *X. the continuous rcfinemcnt of stcel in an electric furnace; the automation of oxygcn steclworks; wid-e-strip hot rolling tniIls; the in-use characteristics of stccls; the contribution of nuclcar cncrry to thc ircn and stcel ind.ustry.. ThC RESULTS OF THE RESEARCH WORK EFFECTED U]IDER ]ruRATOlU. COJ{TRACT. at Trino Vcrcellosc, fta1y, tlere discussed at a mceting which we.s rccently held in Brusscl-s and was attend.cd by electricity produccrs and industrialists concernecl with prcssurizcd light watcr reactors. Thc Italial^t companies of Fiat, responsible for the thcorctical- studies, and. II'IEL, which was in charge of thc experirnental sid-e, hrve submittcd- the results of thcir work. In particulu, thc meeting i^Ias used for comparing the theoreticar.l and. expcrimcntal da-ta on thc rc,rctor corc physics during the fj-rst fueÌ cyc1c. A post-irrad-iatory stud.y of ccrtain fucLs dischaygcd" at the end of this first cycle is under way in thc laboratories of the Ispra Esteiblishment of the Joint Rescarch Ccntrc. 0N TIIE NUCLEAR REACTOR. 3253/x/to. u.

(3) -lJoint Rescarch Ccntre (.lnC) is not d-irectly concerned in the activities of thc Data-Proccssing Cominittcc of thc fntcrnational Union of Gcological Sciences, an organization which cmbraces practically :r11 the countrics of thc wor1d" At thc same timc, since thc sccretary of thc Comnrittec is at prcscnt an officiaL of thc Ispra llsta.blishinont of thc JRC, thc Comnrittce hr;s proposcd that its meeting bc ircld at Ispra, on account of tlic intcrnational charactcr of this csti:bl-ish-raent and- in or,1cr to cnab]e thc mombers of thc Committee to becor,c acquainted itrith thc ltlQ-lU[9é! POSSIBILITIES 0F A U.AJOR DATA-PROCESSIIIG CEI]'IRE, This is t]re gist of thc reply which the Comnission of thc European Comrnunitics gave to thc writtcn question put to it on this subjcct by l[r Vrcd-eling, a Dutch mcmbcr of thr, European Parlicrncnt, Thc. l+x A conference on. !.@flfI_oI. _AlIr_ §_AlqBtr_gllc._l_iltI_a.u-E_§":I-}T_gig._qlfi_Lp-U{q. f_]I!!§lBI is to be hcld in Brusscfs on 28 end 2! Octobur ncxt by the Commission of thc European Corn,-,runitics. It wi-Il bc attcnd.ed by about 2OO particip:.nts froni the Cornmunity and othcr countries. It is intcnd,ed- in thc first placc for users, industrialists and those research workcrs who :'.rc engag.Jd. in the epplication or testing of rad.iation in tho buildin;3 industry,. 3253/x/to. e.

(4) The trl:turc. Oricntation of Technical- end Econornic. Research in thc str-,cl;nd coal- scctors ilu:1. hcncefc.,r'r+..i'C:..o1 only take. into account factors rcl-ating to the Ticaty of tì.:.e Eul'o.;cl-n Co:I andSteel Commr-rnity (eCSC)" lut rnust alsc fit into il:,: r.;;-rlc.r conte-.:t of Europcan rcsearch policy" This rcqujrerncnt l.,ras a-l-rcada' lmal j-cit in a documcnt suhmitted. by bhc Com;nissior- ri the Lì.:ropc:u C<-rrnnurr.ities to the Council of l.{inistcrs in July 1p68" Sir,cc'chun-l}1.:,.ro:'l< of thc Scientific anC Techiricai Re scar,ch Policy (-4.i;,1;in) Glorp -no. thc dcfinition of si-x priority ficlds for cocpc::alion betr,,cc", thc Community and norl-rncmbcr countrics (s;,c iliì.:sca.cch and Tcchnologyrr No" 21) hcve revcal-cd- thc c:cistencc o-i i- closc corrcflt.,-or bc;traecn the; projccts proposcd. by thc Aigrain Group and thosc u.n{crtaken by the ECSC. The Commissi-on has thcrcfore submittcd to the Con:ul--tu'ci.vv Ccrr,rrttec. an oral comrnunication on the future oriclrtatio:r of technical-:..nd. cconoinic rescarch as lircl d-orm in thc IìCSC T:ualy (Articte )!), which st:pulaies that thc e:recutjvc of -:rc Ccnrnunity must recncouragc technici,l and. ccorromrc 1'cs.,r.,:c:h eoncerrrinl; thc prod.uction and. thc d-evc.r-opmc-:nt of consrrnptio.l of coirl- i"iiC. stccl , as. of thc. ECSC. wel-Ì as workersr setìcty in ihcsc :-ndrrstrie. srr". The Community's objcctive s j-n these scctolrs wrll havc ic 31ivc. prioritSr to the spccific intcrests of scctor--by-scctor rcseerch in the fields of cor]. sicc-ì. cLrr.d social- affarj-rs. Ihcy wj-"1-l- ;1so havc to be:-ntcgratecl into thc Conrmunityrs mcd.iun-terrn cccnornic policy, social- policy i',nd. rcgionerl- poli-cy" fn vi.:"r of thc specific rcqui;'cmsnts of thc co:.1-.ind stecl industrrcs, 1;hcsc objr-ctivus lvil.l bc d.etcrmincd in the cas.: of steeI llou5the fincs nr.rppcci out in a d.ocumcnt eni;ibl-cd- restccl L975-60t1 at prosent in prcparation, a.n-d as rcgard.s thc co:I industry by the Comrnuni-tyrs }orrg-'tei'rn cncrglr prospccts. In ad.ditioir, of coursù, thc rcscaroÌ, objcctivos in the sr;cel and coal scctors wil-l have to bu b:"scd- on a systcm;'"tic e:tlmj-n:rti-o'r of -L*re national med-ium-tel.m rcsearch progrrmmijs Grav,rn up Ìr;r ;hc Comnr.rnity Iinowlecl;:c of tircsc industries anC rnstitutic;r.s inthesc ficlcls.. 1:'r1h.i?o. e.

(5) ATTNEX. -2thc Commission to fix rnedium-term progTarilnes which will- d.ovetail with the overal-Ì European resealch policy and to pick out projects which d.eservc to bc encou3fged. from the Community prosra;nmes a. will. en,:,b]c. a. A. stand.point.. Lastly, the passage frorn the ruse;rch to the innovation stage will havc to be favoured. by all :ppropri:be metrnso In the same way access to new tcchnical- knorrrledge will havc to bc facilitatcd., in ordcr to meet not only sectorel rcquiremcnts, but also thc gencral cconomic neods of the Commulity.. J2r1/x/7o. e.

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