Numerical and experimental analysis of diesel spray dynamics including the effects of fuel viscosity

Full text

(1)

88

98

9

!"!"#$%& "!#'($")* !$"+& !")&,-.&/."'01 -$!%$#'"#2 $ %&3 '/)4)'(")5.&3"&'!($%''!$.#-!#$0$")%$&, !#'!$. #-!# "&$",,!*!#"!#"#.2*&/($"!&##-!#$!#"3& .'5*%/.&,'.!4 ! #-- ""#678" .,,!*!#*)09")%!*..&3$%' !#'!$.#-!#$! -.!/!.!")"3!":784!./!.!")0#-!#!$*%/.&,&% "!#-3!"4 ).&3;(.!")5 4),(.&!.<=>?@*&%&$'!#.)&,$!'(,&* ('&!.,!# !$3!"%% &A!".) &#2"!'*(""2$"&*2'''"&'!.("" $!'(0*&/!#"!&#&,!- .!/!.!")5.&3 (##!#-*&$"#'!-,,!*!#*)..&3$+& "'!#-*&#&!$"&"!43!"!#!. "#$%& "*&$"$0

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

(2)

!!!"#$%

&!!!" '!!(& ) " " *'!!+) !) *! ) & ) ) "& ,"-!#.* /,-#.0 *! " 123 " ) 4"" %,-#.,-#. "!! " '!&"./'&.0 *! 5 ! ") '&.4"% %) '&.) ") 5 )'&.+ ) '&. "!%

') ) " ! !6)!7! !! 5")

)899':999' ! !)999 /,6;0<999,6;'! " ! !! )) )" " 4*") !!" * " *4-! ) " " "+" +" ! "

" 72$" 72$ ! "+%) +4 +" 5 !!8=972$ ! "+

(3)

!"#$%&#'$" #!!"(!##$####"%

##" $#!#$'$"#! !" #"!%)("'##*# $"#!!"#"###!!# #"!"#%!#*!$#!! !%$!##!#(!# !#!!#$# #%##!#""$###!##"## ## %+ # ##!'$"#"!*"#$# #%,!"'#-)###!!!!# $"-$###"!%

./

01 23456768

69:;

<!#!#!-#!%# ##*##!=>#)+$%?@=#! ### <%>#!!!#!!#!!! >#)+ #$###"%A-!!# BC>#")#DBC>)E%-#$!! $# #%*###" D! !#!#E##"!##'### #"##!FG-%

(4)

!

"# $ % $ &&#

'# () #

*# +, & &#

# $ & $ &#

-# & $&, $ $ $& ,$. "/0 ,$.,'11/0#

23

45 6789:

9;

<=>?@=?>8;

&, $ $# $ $ $ , ,#

(*% A+,BC$CD E%, F #F.0 , , $& G $$ #H ,% $ #$ I , I J$ &$$$ #

(5)

!"#$% &'$ $$$#(() #*$+,-#. / */ %$*/$ # $ 0 #!1#2*#%3%$ /4/5"#/' #%65"'74$$8$/%// $ # !1#$ 0# %*9 %/%$$8 /%!

(*$:&/;$$%<#6&;<7)<%=* #$%/&;<!1&;<9$$#$!

1#$% *$:)$>%?$#&/)<%=* 09$$%$%# !1$% $ /$%$9 %% ! @%* $ ##$2$ !

Figure

Updating...

References

Updating...