HYOGO PREFECTURE. Hyogo Prefectural Government

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Hyogo’s Initiatives for Recovery from

Hyogo’s Initiatives for Recovery from

the Great Hanshin

the Great Hanshin--Awaji Earthquake1995

Awaji Earthquake1995

HYOGO PREFECTURE

the Great Hanshin

the Great Hanshin--Awaji Earthquake1995

Awaji Earthquake1995

Tomio Saito

Tomio Saito

Former Vice Governor Former Vice Governor

Hyogo Prefectural Government Hyogo Prefectural Government

< Chairman, Hyogo International Association > < Chairman, Hyogo International Association >

22 March, 2010 22 March, 2010

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人と防災未来セン ターの再現映像<ク

リック>

The Great Hanshin-Awaji Eq.

5:46am 17 Jan. 1995

2

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Slide 2

BE1 Movie doesn't work on English Language PC

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【DateDate】】 5:46 am, 17 Jaunuary,19955:46 am, 17 Jaunuary,1995 【

【EpicenterEpicenter】】 Northern Awaji IslandNorthern Awaji Island (Southern part of Hyogo) (Southern part of Hyogo) 【

【ScaleScale】】 7.3 on Richter Scale7.3 on Richter Scale 【

【Seismic intensitySeismic intensity】】 7 7 on the Japanese Scale on the Japanese Scale

(highest record in the history (highest record in the history))

Hansin Expressway Kobe Route

1. Overview of

the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake

Nagata Ward, Kobe City Damages in Hyogo

Dead

Dead:: 6,402 people6,402 people Financial damage

Financial damage:: about $ 100 billion about $ 100 billion (about 50% of the Hyogo’s GDP)

Houses completely destroyed: 104,004 Houses completely destroyed: 104,004

(182,751housholds182,751housholds)) Evacuees

(5)

2. Characteristics of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake

■■■■ Occurred in densely inhabited area

Population of disaster area – around 3.6 million

■■■■ Occurred in area where city functions are concentrated Governmental (central, prefectural, municipal), information, transportation and physical distribution function were concentrated

■■■■ Occurred in area with aged society

30.5% of residents of temporary housings immediately after

HYOGO PREFECTURE

30.5% of residents of temporary housings immediately after

the earthquake and 46.9% of residents of reconstructed public housing are elderly people over 65 years old.

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3.

3.

3.

3.

3.

3.

3.

3.

Emergency Response and Restoration

Emergency Response and Restoration (1)

(1)

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3. Emergency Response and Restoration (2)

3. Emergency Response and Restoration (2)

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3. Emergency Response and Restoration (3)

3. Emergency Response and Restoration (3)

Providing Shelters Emergency temporary housing Emergency temporary housing

was provided to all persons was provided to all persons who requested it(1

who requested it(1stst order: 19 order: 19

Jan). Jan).

Provided 48,300 units within 7 Provided 48,300 units within 7 months)

months)

Setting up evacuation Setting up evacuation centers

centers (1,153 places at its (1,153 places at its peak

peak

with 316,000 evacuees)

with 316,000 evacuees) months)months) peak

peak

with 316,000 evacuees) with 316,000 evacuees)

(9)

HYOGO PREFECTURE

3. Emergency Response and Restoration (4)

3. Emergency Response and Restoration (4)

Removal of collapsed buildings

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(1)

(1) Creation of Structure for Recovery Creation of Structure for Recovery

Hanshin-Awaji reconstruction Committee, The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake

Reconstruction Plan (Hyogo Phoenix Plan)(Hyogo Phoenix Plan)

(2) 3

(2) 3--Year Priority Reconstruction Plans Year Priority Reconstruction Plans

Housing, Infrastructure, Industry Housing, Infrastructure, Industry

4. Reconstruction Initiatives

HYOGO

PREFECTURE

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(4) Collaboration of Citizens, NPO,Collaboration of Citizens, NPO, Corporations and Governments Corporations and Governments

Earthquake Victim reconstruction Support Earthquake Victim reconstruction Support Committee

Committee

(3) R

(3) Reconstruction Fundeconstruction Fund ($9 billion)($9 billion)

Providing careful services

(Subsidy for independent recovery of lives, Interest Subsidy for housing loan, etc.)

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4.

4. Reconstruction Initiatives

(1)Hanshin

(1)Hanshin--Awaji Reconstruction Committee

Awaji Reconstruction Committee

The national government’s Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Reconstruction

Headquarters

The national government’s Hanshin-Awaji

Reconstruction Committee

■■ Government supportGovernment support

Recommendation

The Hyogo Prefecture Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Reconstruction Headquarters

Support 【Function】

As an advisory board for the Prime Minister, conducts research regarding national policies of recovery projects

【Structure】

7 members comprising experts, governor of Hyogo and mayor of

Kobe, chaired by former vice-minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport

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4.

4. Reconstruction Initiatives

(1)

Reconstruction Plan <

Reconstruction Plan <Hyogo Phoenix Plan>

Hyogo Phoenix Plan> --1

1--Basic Goals

Basic Goals (5(5(5(5(5(5(5(5 PillarsPillars)))))))) Basic Theme

Basic Theme

Harmonious Coexistence Between People and Nature, People and People, and People and Society

Creation of a welfare society tailored for the 21st centuryCreation of a culturally rich society open to the world

Creation of a society where existing industries grow and New industries flourish

Creation of a disaster-resistant metropolis where people can live with confidence

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HYOGO PREFECTURE ■ Established : July 1995 ■ Target Year : 2005 Expenses Expenses Duration Duration 4. 4. Reconstruction Initiatives

(1)

<

<Hyogo Phoenix Plan>

Hyogo Phoenix Plan> --2

2--■ Planned Amount : $170 billion170 billion (660 Projects) ■ Actual Amount : $163 billion163 billion (1,358 Projects)

National Government: $ 83.6 billion

National Government: $ 83.6 billion (51.3% of total)(51.3% of total)

Local Government: $ 63.2 billion

Local Government: $ 63.2 billion (38.7% of total)(38.7% of total)

Private Sectors: $16.2 billion

(14)

HYOGO PREFECTURE

Category

Housing

(unit: housing unit)

Infrastructure

(unit: billion US$)

Industry

Within the 10-year reconstruction plan, 3-year plans

Within the 10-year reconstruction plan, 3-year plans

were created for urgent matters of residential buildings,

infrastructure and industries

4.

4. Reconstruction Initiatives

(2)

Priority Three

Priority Three--Year Plans

Year Plans

(unit: housing unit) (unit: billion US$) Planned Target

(Type of Basic Data for comparison) 125,000 (number of orders) 57.0 (budget allocation) 100.0%

(Net Regional Product Index) Achievement 169,000 (135% of planned target ) 58.7 (103% of planned target ) 101.7%

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■■■■ Mechanism of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Reconstruction Fund (established in April 1995)

【Capital Framework】

Financial Organization

5. Interest

3. Fund 1. Municipal bonds $ 8.8 billion 4. Interest payment

4.

4. Reconstruction Initiatives

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Reconstruction Fund

Reconstruction Fund --1

1--[Breakdown of fund revenue] [Breakdown of fund revenue]

1. Basic fund investment profit: $ 27 million 1. Basic fund investment profit: $ 27 million 2. Fund investment profit: $ 3.6 billion

2. Fund investment profit: $ 3.6 billion 3. Lottery profit, etc.: $ 130 billion 3. Lottery profit, etc.: $ 130 billion

Total about $ 3.7 billion Total about $ 3.7 billion

Reconstruction Fund: $ 9 billion

(Basic fund:

$ 200 million of the above) Operation

expenses

Approx. $ 3.7 billion

6. Expenditure

Prefecture : Kobe City (2 : 1) Tax allocation measure for amount of interest paid 2. interest free loan

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Fine-tuned measures are flexibly carried out using

about $ 3.7 billion, obtained as a result of managing

the $ 9 billion in the Reconstruction Fund.(10 Years)

Life support measures: Self-support fund, etc. 32 projects: $ 1.8 billion (48.4%)

4.

4. Reconstruction Initiatives

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Reconstruction Fund

Reconstruction Fund --2

Life support measures: Self-support fund, etc.

Housing measures: Monetary compensation for interest on housing loans, etc.

Industrial measures: Monetary compensation for interest on emergency relief loans, etc.

Educational and other measures: Historical building repair, etc.

Total

* 28 projects at the outset increased to 113 projects

32 projects: $ 1.8 billion (48.4%) 33 project: $ 1.1 billion (29.3%) 33 projects: $ 0.5 billion (14.2%) 15 projects: $ 0.3 billion (8.1%)

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Disaster Victims • An intermediate organization

positioned between the government and the disaster victims

Earthquake Victim reconstruction Support Committee

Mechanism of Earthquake Victim Reconstruction Support Committee

4.

4. Reconstruction Initiatives

(4)

Collaboration of Citizens, NPOs,

Collaboration of Citizens, NPOs,

Corporations and Governments

Corporations and Governments --1

1--Government Disaster Victims

Project team organizations, Support

etc. Support 1 3 4 2 3 4 (Role/Function)

1. Grasping the living conditions of disaster victims, Hearing of opinions, requests, etc (Out Reach)

2. Grasping the governmental policies 3. Giving recommendations, advice, etc.

to put lives back in order (Advocacy) 4. Providing information

via information magazines and the disaster victims

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HYOGO PREFECTURE

Activities of the Earthquake Victim Reconstruction Support Committee

■■ CharacteristicsCharacteristics

・ Consists of scholars, supporters, etc.Consists of scholars, supporters, etc.

・ An intermediate organization positionedAn intermediate organization positioned between disaster victims and the government between disaster victims and the government

4.

4. Reconstruction Initiatives

(4)

Collaboration of Citizens, NPOs,

Collaboration of Citizens, NPOs,

Corporations and Governments

Corporations and Governments --2

2--17

between disaster victims and the government between disaster victims and the government (Began in July 1995 with 12 experts)

(Began in July 1995 with 12 experts)

■■ ActivitiesActivities

・ Understanding issues at hand Understanding issues at hand by

by

visiting disaster areas visiting disaster areas

・ Giving recommendations to Giving recommendations to both

both

the government and the disaster the government and the disaster

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Phase Issue Main countermeasures

Urgent Response Period; From immediately after the earthquake, urgent needs for shelter.

(Jan 1995-Aug. 1995)

・Immediate rescue and relief ・Infrastructure lifelines need to be restoration

・Improving the living environment of temporary housing areas

・Construction of temporary housing

・Received support from firefighters and police, etc. from all over Japan

・Support came from all over Japan for lifeline recovery ・Provided temporary housing

・Created patrols for temporary shelter

・Created a recovery fund that can be used to address many and varied issues

Early Recovery Period

(Temporary

・Assisting elderly disaster victims who moved into temporary housing to recover their lives.

・Senior Centers for social activities were established.

・Support was introduced for volunteers involved in recovery activities.

5. Issues and Countermeasures at

each Recovery Phase

HYOGO

PREFECTURE

(Temporary Housing Period) (Sept. 1995~ March 1998)

to recover their lives.

・Early recovery for infrastructure, housing, and industry

・Victim Recovery Assistance Councils were established ・Disaster Recovery public housing was constructed

・promotion of investment according to the industry recovery ordinance Middle Recovery Period (Transition to Permanent Housing Period) (April 1998~ March 2000)

・At the same time as the transition to permanent housing, disaster victims must rebuild their lives individually.

・Preserving jobs and creating new work in the disaster affected area

・Life Support Assistants, life recovery advisors were appointed ・The Disaster Victims Relief Act was enacted

・events and activities to make the traditional shopping streets lively again were encouraged.

・Support for community and business Later Recovery

Period (Long term Recovery) (March 2000~ )

・Addressing the need of

assistance for elderly residents to live independently and town revitalization

・The need to make a safe and

・Senior Citizen Supporters and health counseling centers were introduced into the communities.

・Elderly people’s independence was supported by the creation of local assistance centers.

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■■ Enhance Enhance Protection system for aged disaster victimsProtection system for aged disaster victims

・ Mobilization of LSA (life support adviser), SCS (senior citizen supporter)Mobilization of LSA (life support adviser), SCS (senior citizen supporter)

Construction of Disaster Relief Housing Community Plaza (meeting place)Construction of Disaster Relief Housing Community Plaza (meeting place)

・ Opening of the IkiOpening of the Iki--iki Shigoto Juku (Lively Working School)iki Shigoto Juku (Lively Working School)

・ Opening of local “Sickbays”Opening of local “Sickbays”

■■■■■■■■

6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan

6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan

(1) Creation of Society Dedicated to Welfare

(1) Creation of Society Dedicated to Welfare

■■ Introduction of New Type of HousingIntroduction of New Type of Housing

■■

■■■■■■■■ Support for Volunteer ActivitiesSupport for Volunteer Activities

About 1.4 million volunteers took part in About 1.4 million volunteers took part in a

a

wide range of relief and support activities in wide range of relief and support activities in the year following the earthquake

the year following the earthquake

Number of private voluntary organizationsNumber of private voluntary organizations

in 1992

in 1992 : 3,811 → in 2004 : 8,785: 3,811 → in 2004 : 8,785

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Education on Disaster Reduction for Children

■■Enriching of disaster prevention educationEnriching of disaster prevention education

D

Disaster prevention education and training at schoolisaster prevention education and training at school

6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan

6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan

(1)

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Promotion of Volunteer Activities Promotion of Volunteer Activities

・ The Ordinance concerning the Promotion of Volunteer Activities The Ordinance concerning the Promotion of Volunteer Activities (1998)(1998)

・ Hyogo Volunteer Plaza (2002)Hyogo Volunteer Plaza (2002) Hands

Hands--on Activities for Children, on Activities for Children,

6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan

6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan

(2)

(2)

Creation of Culturally Rich Society

Creation of Culturally Rich Society

・ Teenage Social CircleTeenage Social Circle

・ The Community Child Care The Community Child Care Circle

Circle

・ Hyogo Performing Arts Center (2005)Hyogo Performing Arts Center (2005)

・ Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art (2002)Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art (2002) Culture

Culture--Oriented Development of Unique Oriented Development of Unique Communities

Communities Hands

Hands--on Activities for Children, on Activities for Children, Enrichment of the Child

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Supporting Small Business

・ Extending low interest loans for the Extending low interest loans for the resumption of business

resumption of business

・ Providing temporary facilities for productionProviding temporary facilities for production

Creating New Industry Creating New Industry

6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan 6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan

(3)

(3) Creation of Society where New Industries

Creation of Society where New Industries

Flourish

Flourish

・ Promoting technology transfers between Promoting technology transfers between universities and big businesses

universities and big businesses

・ Attracting enterprises by introducing tax reliefAttracting enterprises by introducing tax relief

・ Implementing vocational training Implementing vocational training programs

programs

Eliminating Employment Mismatches Creating New Industry

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■■■■ Establishment of the Initial Action SystemEstablishment of the Initial Action System

(1) Hyogo Prefectural Disaster Management CenterHyogo Prefectural Disaster Management Center

(2) Hyogo Phoenix Disaster Management SystemHyogo Phoenix Disaster Management System

(3) Disaster & Emergency Medical Care System

・ ・ ・

Broad area disaster & emergency medical care information system

・ ・・

Disaster Hub Hospital((((15 hospitals in the prefecture)))) 6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan 6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan

(4)

(4) Creation of Disaster

Creation of Disaster-- Resistant Urban Area

Resistant Urban Area --1

1--・ ・・

Disaster Hub Hospital((((15 hospitals in the prefecture)))) Foundation hospital::::Hyogo Emergency Medical Center

(4) Volunteer Disaster-Management Organizations

( ( (

Those who were buried alive beneath collapsed buildings was rescued by their community.)

・ ・ ・

April 1995 ((((27.4%)))) April 2007 (95.7%)

Development of Disaster Management BasesDevelopment of Disaster Management Bases

・・

Disaster Management Base::::Miki Earthquake Disaster Memorial ParkTsunami Tsunami observatoryobservatory stationstation, Tsunami surveillance camera, Tsunami surveillance camera

■■■■ Guidance in providing assistance to affected people in the event of a disaster, etc.Guidance in providing assistance to affected people in the event of a disaster, etc.

(25)

Tajima Regional

Tamba Reg.

---- Networking of Disaster Management Bases Networking of Disaster Management Bases --

Store rescue equipment and

relief supplies for victims

Collect and distribute relief supplies

Assemble and mobilize

6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan 6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan

(4)

(4) Creation of Disaster

Creation of Disaster-- Resistant Urban Area

Resistant Urban Area --2

2--Miki (All Hyogo)

Hanshin-Minami Reg.

Nishi-Harima Reg.

Assemble and mobilize

(26)

What is a What is a Volunteer Disaster Response Group?Volunteer Disaster Response Group?

It is a group formed voluntarily by the local residents under the shared awareness that “We must protect our own town”

○Normally formed in units of neighborhood associations or community associations

○In Kobe City, groups are formed based on elementary school districts

---- Volunteer Disaster Response Groups Volunteer Disaster Response Groups --

--6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan 6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan

(4)

(4) Creation of Disaster

Creation of Disaster-- Resistant Urban Area

Resistant Urban Area --3

3--25

○In Kobe City, groups are formed based on elementary school districts ☆Disaster preparedness

• Learn and acquire knowledge and technique regarding disaster reduction

• Grasp the local circumstances, share information

• Conduct disaster drills

• Accumulate stock of disaster reduction equipment, food, etc.

☆In the event of a disaster

• Accurately communicate information • Lead local residents during

evacuation

• Conduct fire extinguishing, rescue, relief activities

• Distribute food and daily commodities

(27)

Activities of

(28)

Activities of

Activities of Volunteer Disaster Response Groups 2Volunteer Disaster Response Groups 2

27

Firefighting training using small pump Firefighting training using small pump

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Activities of

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■■■■■■■■ Making homes and public facilities earthquakeMaking homes and public facilities earthquake resistant

resistant

(1)Formulation of Promotion Plan for Earthquake

(1)Formulation of Promotion Plan for Earthquake--ResistantResistant Renovation Works in Hyogo

Renovation Works in Hyogo

90% of deaths during the Great Earthquake were 90% of deaths during the Great Earthquake were caused by collapsed buildings

caused by collapsed buildings

---- Making Buildings Earthquake Resistant 1 Making Buildings Earthquake Resistant 1 --

--6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan 6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan

(4)

(4) Creation of Disaster

Creation of Disaster-- Resistant Urban Area

Resistant Urban Area --4

4--29 ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・

Numeric Targets Numeric Targets :::::::: 9797%%%%%%%% for FY 2015for FY 2015

(2)Promotion Project for

(2)Promotion Project for EarthquakeEarthquake--ResistantResistant Renovation work for homeowners

Renovation work for homeowners

・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・

Subsidies for seismic diagnosis, creating plans forSubsidies for seismic diagnosis, creating plans for

earthquake

earthquake--resistant renovation work, and actualresistant renovation work, and actual renovation works

renovation works (3)

(3) EarthquakeEarthquake--resistant renovation works for prefectureresistant renovation works for prefecture--owned facilities owned facilities ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・

To use as hubs for emergency activities and/or for To use as hubs for emergency activities and/or for

relief relief

activities and evacuation site for disaster victims activities and evacuation site for disaster victims

-- development of social infrastructure that realizes safetydevelopment of social infrastructure that realizes safety

Bracing members Bracing members

(31)

E-Defense (3D full-scale earthquake testing facility) (Before Seismic testing)

---- Making Buildings Earthquake Resistant 2Making Buildings Earthquake Resistant 2--1 1 --

--6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan 6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan

(4)

(32)
(33)

E-Defense (After the test : Intensity 7 on Japanese scale)

---- Making Buildings Earthquake Resistant 2Making Buildings Earthquake Resistant 2--2 2 --

--6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan 6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan

(4)

(34)

4--■■ Determination of urban plans based on twoDetermination of urban plans based on two--stage systemstage system First stage: Project area identification, type of development project, First stage: Project area identification, type of development project,

urban facilities (trunk road, etc.) that serve as the core urban facilities (trunk road, etc.) that serve as the core infrastructure

infrastructure

Second stage: Neighborhood streets, neighborhood parks, etc Second stage: Neighborhood streets, neighborhood parks, etc

HYOGO PREFECTURE

---- Urban Development (i) Urban Development (i) --

--6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan 6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan

(5) Renewal of Urban Area

(5) Renewal of Urban Area

33

Second stage: Neighborhood streets, neighborhood parks, etc Second stage: Neighborhood streets, neighborhood parks, etc

Citizen’s participation

Citizen’s participation (Community Creation Council)(Community Creation Council)

■■

Number ofNumber of Community Creation CouncilCommunity Creation Council

in 1994 :48 in 2007 : 376 (Entire Prefecture)

Community Creation Council employed a two

Community Creation Council employed a two--step urban planning step urban planning decision

decision--making where discussions on town development planning making where discussions on town development planning

and/or project content were held with participation from residents before and/or project content were held with participation from residents before details of urban planning were determined.

(35)

---- Urban Development (ii) Urban Development (ii) --

(36)

---- Urban Development (iii) Urban Development (iii) --

--35

(37)

HYOGO PREFECTURE

●●●●●●●● Recovery Status (Street)Recovery Status (Street)

Immediately after the Earthquake

(38)

HYOGO PREFECTURE

Reconstruction of Private Housing

・ Low interest housing loanLow interest housing loan

・ Interest subsidy for housing loanInterest subsidy for housing loan

Privately-owned Rental Housing

Housing Recovery

Housing Recovery

6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan 6. Promotion of the Hyogo Phoenix Plan

(5) Renewal of Urban Area

(5) Renewal of Urban Area

37

・ House rent subsidyHouse rent subsidy

・ Promoting the supply of privatelyPromoting the supply of privately--owned rental housing

owned rental housing

Public Housing

Privately-owned Rental Housing

・ Promoting the supply of public housingPromoting the supply of public housing ((42,137 houses42,137 houses))

(39)

Collection, storage and display of reference materials

Development of practical disaster prevention personnel

Research and study by specialists

Operation costs: 50% supported by the national government

Senior researchers: 10; Dedicated researchers: 9

Establishment of the Disaster Reduction and Human Renovation Institute

7. Transfer of Experiences and Lessons (1)

7. Transfer of Experiences and Lessons (1)

HYOGO

PREFECTURE

Exhibition

(40)

■■■■■■■■Hyogo Emergency Medical Center (Hyogo Emergency Medical Center (2003)2003) HYOGO PREFECTURE ((TasksTasks)) ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・

Emergency Response Center, IEmergency Response Center, Information and Instruction Centernformation and Instruction Center ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・

Collecting and Providing emergency medical care information in the event Collecting and Providing emergency medical care information in the event

(Objective)

(Objective) Core facility of emergency medical systemCore facility of emergency medical system

7. Transfer of Experiences and Lessons (2)

7. Transfer of Experiences and Lessons (2)

・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・

Collecting and Providing emergency medical care information in the event Collecting and Providing emergency medical care information in the event of

of

disaster

disaster,, Utilizing Doctor CarUtilizing Doctor Car

・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・

Human Resources DevelopmentHuman Resources Development, , Collection & Dissemination of Collection & Dissemination of Information

(41)

■■■■■■■■Establishment of Hyogo Institute for Traumatic Stress (2004) Establishment of Hyogo Institute for Traumatic Stress (2004) Establishment of Hyogo Institute for Traumatic Stress (2004) Establishment of Hyogo Institute for Traumatic Stress (2004) Establishment of Hyogo Institute for Traumatic Stress (2004) Establishment of Hyogo Institute for Traumatic Stress (2004) Establishment of Hyogo Institute for Traumatic Stress (2004) Establishment of Hyogo Institute for Traumatic Stress (2004) (Objective) (Objective) (Objective) (Objective) (Objective) (Objective) (Objective) (Objective)

To have an specialized institute that addresses traumatic To have an specialized institute that addresses traumatic To have an specialized institute that addresses traumatic To have an specialized institute that addresses traumatic To have an specialized institute that addresses traumatic To have an specialized institute that addresses traumatic To have an specialized institute that addresses traumatic To have an specialized institute that addresses traumatic

stress and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) caused by stress and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) caused by stress and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) caused by stress and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) caused by stress and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) caused by stress and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) caused by stress and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) caused by stress and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) caused by disasters, accidents, and abuses.

disasters, accidents, and abuses. disasters, accidents, and abuses. disasters, accidents, and abuses. disasters, accidents, and abuses. disasters, accidents, and abuses. disasters, accidents, and abuses. disasters, accidents, and abuses.

HYOGO PREFECTURE

7. Transfer of Experiences and Lessons (3)

7. Transfer of Experiences and Lessons (3)

(Tasks) (Tasks)(Tasks) (Tasks)(Tasks) (Tasks)(Tasks) (Tasks) ・ ・・ ・・ ・・

・ research, study and trainingresearch, study and trainingresearch, study and trainingresearch, study and trainingresearch, study and trainingresearch, study and trainingresearch, study and trainingresearch, study and training ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・

・ dissemination of information dissemination of information dissemination of information dissemination of information dissemination of information dissemination of information dissemination of information dissemination of information and advocacy and advocacy and advocacy and advocacy and advocacy and advocacy and advocacy and advocacy ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・

・ alliance building and networking alliance building and networking alliance building and networking alliance building and networking alliance building and networking alliance building and networking alliance building and networking alliance building and networking ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・

(42)

■■■■■■■■JICA Disaster Reduction Learning Center (2008)JICA Disaster Reduction Learning Center (2008)JICA Disaster Reduction Learning Center (2008)JICA Disaster Reduction Learning Center (2008)JICA Disaster Reduction Learning Center (2008)JICA Disaster Reduction Learning Center (2008)JICA Disaster Reduction Learning Center (2008)JICA Disaster Reduction Learning Center (2008)

World's first disaster management program under collaboration of Hyogo prefecture and JICA

(1)Comprehensive coordination of disaster risk management training course which is held in Hyogo prefecture

(2)Implementation of disaster risk management training

(3)Disaster risk management research and development of educational materials (4)Networking and utilization of ex-participants

(5)Establishment and utilization of data-base for human resource in disaster risk management

7. Transfer of Experiences and Lessons (4)

7. Transfer of Experiences and Lessons (4)

HYOGO

PREFECTURE

Implementation of training for disaster risk management

(JICA training, Others)

Networki-ng of

expartici-pants

Disaster Reduction Learning Center

(Inaugurated in JICA Hyogo on May 17,2007) Utilize the potential of the Kobe New Eastern

City Center

Research on disaster risk management

Establis-hment of human resource

(43)

8. Recovery Status

8. Recovery Status

Smooth Recovery

Population

1994 January 1995 Hyogo Pref. 5,526,689

Gross Prefectural Production (GPP) about $ 200 billion HYOGO PREFECTURE 2006 Hyogo Pref. 5,526,689 Affected area (3,589,126) June 2008 Hyogo Pref. 5,593,995 Affected area (3,661,376) about $ 200 billion (about

$

128 billion) about $ 212 billion (about $ 134 billion)

(44)

HYOGO PREFECTURE

43

January 17 shall never be forgotten

Tomio Saito, Hyogo, Japan

Tomio Saito, Hyogo, Japan

Figure

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References

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