Planning for ANY Lord of the Flies question

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Planning for ANY

Planning for ANY

Lord of the

Lord of the

Flies

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Section A: Novel.

Section A: Novel.

Choice from two questions. Worth 30% Choice from two questions. Worth 30% of your marks.

of your marks. Spend 45 mins on this Spend 45 mins on this section.

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Assessment Objectives for this

Assessment Objectives for this

question:

question:

AO1AO1: Respond to texts critically, sensitively : Respond to texts critically, sensitively and in detail,

and in detail, selecting appropriate ways to selecting appropriate ways to convey their response,

convey their response, using textual using textual evidence as appropriate

evidence as appropriate. .

AO2:AO2: Explore how language, structure and Explore how language, structure and forms

forms contribute tocontribute to the the meaningsmeanings of texts, of texts, considering

considering different approaches to texts different approaches to texts and

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Key events in the novel

Key events in the novel

1 Ralph is made leader. The conch becomes a symbol of power. 1 Ralph is made leader. The conch becomes a symbol of power. First First day on the island.

day on the island.

2 One of the younger boys has seen a 2 One of the younger boys has seen a ‘beastie‘beastie’’ and fear begins to and fear begins to mount. The signal fire is lit on the mountain but gets out of c

mount. The signal fire is lit on the mountain but gets out of control.ontrol.

3 Jack hunts while Ralph focuses on building shelters. 3 Jack hunts while Ralph focuses on building shelters. Days/weeks Days/weeks have passed.

have passed.

4 A ship passes but the signal fire has gone out. Jack and Ralph argue 4 A ship passes but the signal fire has gone out. Jack and Ralph argue and Piggy

and Piggy’’s glasses are broken in one eye. The hunters have killed a s glasses are broken in one eye. The hunters have killed a pig and there is a feast. Boys have been on island for some time

pig and there is a feast. Boys have been on island for some time. . They

They’’ve got used to ve got used to ‘‘the slow swing from dawn to duskthe slow swing from dawn to dusk’’. .

5 Fear of the beast grows. Ralph sees that order is breaking do5 Fear of the beast grows. Ralph sees that order is breaking down. wn. Jack defies Ralph and the conch. The assembly breaks down.

Jack defies Ralph and the conch. The assembly breaks down. Events Events of these chapters 4 and 5 happen on the same day.

of these chapters 4 and 5 happen on the same day.

6 The dead parachutist lands on the island. Sam and Eric hear the 6 The dead parachutist lands on the island. Sam and Eric hear the beast and report it.

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Key events in the novel

Key events in the novel

7 The hunters become more savage and the game gets dangerous. 7 The hunters become more savage and the game gets dangerous. Jack and Ralph find the body and think it is the beast.

Jack and Ralph find the body and think it is the beast. Enough time has Enough time has passed between this chapter and the last for the body of the air

passed between this chapter and the last for the body of the airman to man to have decomposed.

have decomposed.

8 Jack sets up his own tribe. The pig’8 Jack sets up his own tribe. The pig’s head is left as a gift to the s head is left as a gift to the beast. Simon has a vision of the Lord of the Flies.

beast. Simon has a vision of the Lord of the Flies. Probably the day Probably the day after the airman

after the airman’’s body has been discovered.s body has been discovered.

9 The storm breaks. Simon is killed. The airman is blown out to sea.9 The storm breaks. Simon is killed. The airman is blown out to sea.

10 Jack10 Jack’s tribe moves to Castle Rock. They attach Ralph and his ’s tribe moves to Castle Rock. They attach Ralph and his group and steal Piggy

group and steal Piggy’’s glasses. s glasses. This chapter opens the morning after This chapter opens the morning after Simon

Simon’s death.’s death.

11 Ralph11 Ralph’s group visits Jack. Piggy is killed. The twins are captured. ’s group visits Jack. Piggy is killed. The twins are captured.

The morning after the attack described in chapter 10. The morning after the attack described in chapter 10.

12 Ralph is hunted. The island burns. The naval officer rescue12 Ralph is hunted. The island burns. The naval officer rescues the s the boys.

boys. Just after PiggyJust after Piggy’s death.’s death. Ralph spends one night in hiding before Ralph spends one night in hiding before the hunt begins.

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Golding

Golding

s purposes:

s purposes:

Civilisation is itself a mask for what we really Civilisation is itself a mask for what we really are. (It

are. (It’’s a construct s a construct –– and itand it’’s weak). s weak).

ItIt’’s nature, not nurture that determines who s nature, not nurture that determines who we really are. We may be nurtured

we really are. We may be nurtured

(conditioned) so that we are able to disguise (conditioned) so that we are able to disguise our true natures with civilised behaviour, but our true natures with civilised behaviour, but

essentially we will resort to atavistic essentially we will resort to atavistic

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Golding

Golding

s purposes:

s purposes:

We the English are not civilised bunch they think we are We the English are not civilised bunch they think we are –– Golding is keen to make it clear that it wasn

Golding is keen to make it clear that it wasn’’t just German t just German savagery that caused the mayhem of WW2.

savagery that caused the mayhem of WW2.

The circumstances that mean our civilised upbringing holds The circumstances that mean our civilised upbringing holds no power over us any more are: removal from a civilised

no power over us any more are: removal from a civilised

society, (and possibly from adult supervision), fear and the

society, (and possibly from adult supervision), fear and the

need for quick action to make us feel secure, and longing

need for quick action to make us feel secure, and longing

to be a part of the group, so that we copy or follow what

to be a part of the group, so that we copy or follow what

others tell us to do. Essentially, these are the

others tell us to do. Essentially, these are the

circumstances that prompted the rise of Hitler and

circumstances that prompted the rise of Hitler and

Mussolini in Europe, and WW2.

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Golding

Golding

s purposes:

s purposes:

Group behaviour in extreme circumstances. Group behaviour in extreme circumstances. It

It’’s about how we all act when wes about how we all act when we’’re in a re in a group, about our desire to belong and our group, about our desire to belong and our

treatment of outsiders. And It

treatment of outsiders. And It’’s about how s about how human beings behave when under

human beings behave when under

pressure, and when, in particular, they are pressure, and when, in particular, they are

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Golding

Golding

s purposes:

s purposes:

The novel is a The novel is a rites of passagerites of passage –– a book that a book that charts the

charts the ‘‘growing upgrowing up’’ of its main character, of its main character, usually whose eyes we see events through, usually whose eyes we see events through,

at least at some stages. at least at some stages.

The novel examines different kinds of The novel examines different kinds of leadership styles

leadership styles –– the democrat, the the democrat, the

dictator and suggests, possibly, that strong dictator and suggests, possibly, that strong

leaders don

leaders don’’t necessarily make t necessarily make goodgood

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Golding

Golding

s purposes:

s purposes:

The boys are blind to the fact that the beast lies The boys are blind to the fact that the beast lies within them all

within them all –– while they are busy hunting, the while they are busy hunting, the real beast is within them.

real beast is within them. •

• ItIt’’s about isolation and the effects it can have on s about isolation and the effects it can have on

people.

people.

The children only appear to return to civilised The children only appear to return to civilised behaviour at the end of the novel

behaviour at the end of the novel –– or the or the appearance of it

appearance of it –– they have not killed the beast they have not killed the beast within, and not many of them have learned what

within, and not many of them have learned what

and where the beast lies. They may behave

and where the beast lies. They may behave

better, but the savage beast still lurks, waiting

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Golding

Golding

s purposes:

s purposes:

Golding offers no hope at all for mankind, his Golding offers no hope at all for mankind, his thoughts on civilisation are totally pessimistic

thoughts on civilisation are totally pessimistic –– we we are all savages at heart and given the chance we

are all savages at heart and given the chance we

will act in a savage way towards one another.

will act in a savage way towards one another.

ItIt’’s a study in male behaviour s a study in male behaviour –– women would women would behave differently.

behave differently.

The novel is a warning to us. If we heed it, we can The novel is a warning to us. If we heed it, we can change.

change.

The novel is a declaration of what we all are at The novel is a declaration of what we all are at heart

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Golding

Golding

s purposes:

s purposes:

The novel offers no hope for the boys on the The novel offers no hope for the boys on the island, but it does warn us to acknowledge the

island, but it does warn us to acknowledge the

truth about human nature (that we are all savages

truth about human nature (that we are all savages

at heart), and that means there is some hope for

at heart), and that means there is some hope for

us as readers. So the novel is a fable

us as readers. So the novel is a fable –– it tries to it tries to teach us something about ourselves and make us

teach us something about ourselves and make us

better people.

better people.

The novel asks: The novel asks: ‘‘What makes us more than What makes us more than animals? What is the essence of humanity?

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Golding

Golding

s purposes:

s purposes:

Golding offers hope for civilisation Golding offers hope for civilisation –– if only if only we can realise the truth, acknowledge that we can realise the truth, acknowledge that

we all have savage tendencies, and this will we all have savage tendencies, and this will

help us to control our own behaviour. help us to control our own behaviour.

Civilisation is weak in the face of savagery. Civilisation is weak in the face of savagery.

Spirituality is the only answer to this Spirituality is the only answer to this

savagery, our only way of controlling the savagery, our only way of controlling the

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Golding

Golding

s purposes:

s purposes:

No one listens to the spiritual people who have the No one listens to the spiritual people who have the answers.

answers.

Adults are not able to maintain civilisation either, they are Adults are not able to maintain civilisation either, they are not really the answer to the problem of savagery.

not really the answer to the problem of savagery.

All of us are savages at heart, even those who seem most All of us are savages at heart, even those who seem most civilised.

civilised.

No matter how civilised we all think we are, there will No matter how civilised we all think we are, there will

always be the natural instincts of savagery in society. This

always be the natural instincts of savagery in society. This

is true of every society, not just

is true of every society, not just ‘‘badbad’’ ones. Human nature ones. Human nature is primitive and people will only do what

is primitive and people will only do what’’s best for s best for themselves.

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Golding

Golding

s purposes:

s purposes:

The purpose of the novel is not merely to The purpose of the novel is not merely to look at why wars occur. Rather Golding look at why wars occur. Rather Golding’’s s

experience of WWII led him to think what experience of WWII led him to think what

aspects of human behaviour leads us, aspects of human behaviour leads us,

almost inevitably, to war. He is as critical of almost inevitably, to war. He is as critical of

the English as he is any other nation, the English as he is any other nation,

perhaps more so, since we are seen as a perhaps more so, since we are seen as a

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Golding

Golding

s purposes:

s purposes:

The novel is an exploration of the The novel is an exploration of the

suppressed uncivilised nature of the human suppressed uncivilised nature of the human

condition. To Golding, even the innocent condition. To Golding, even the innocent

purity of childhood is a mask covering purity of childhood is a mask covering

cruelty and self

cruelty and self--gain. He is warning us gain. He is warning us civilisation is not real

civilisation is not real –– itit’’s a ruse covering s a ruse covering our real nature.

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How do I comment on structure?

How do I comment on structure?

You could compare the opening of the novel with the You could compare the opening of the novel with the ending, or the opening of a chapter with the ending. ending, or the opening of a chapter with the ending.

Write about GoldingWrite about Goldings juxtaposition of events s juxtaposition of events why why one event comes straight after another. For example, one event comes straight after another. For example, why does Golding follow details of the hunt for the pig why does Golding follow details of the hunt for the pig

with Simon

with Simons conversation with the Lord of the Flies in s conversation with the Lord of the Flies in Chapter 9?

Chapter 9?

Write about things that change in the novel, and why. Write about things that change in the novel, and why. E.g.: the conch, the fire, the island, Jack, Roger, the E.g.: the conch, the fire, the island, Jack, Roger, the

littleuns

littleuns behaviour, the ascent of the mountain, behaviour, the ascent of the mountain, games, etc.

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How do I comment on language?

How do I comment on language?

First, you First, you mustmust quote quote not all of the time, but enough not all of the time, but enough to show your knowledge of this novel!

to show your knowledge of this novel!

Write about GoldingWrite about Goldings choice of:s choice of:

words, alliteration, harsh sounding words, soft words, alliteration, harsh sounding words, soft

sounding words, repetition, dialogue, lyrical language sounding words, repetition, dialogue, lyrical language

versus the more prosaic, personification,

versus the more prosaic, personification, sentence sentence length, use of colour, how he uses

length, use of colour, how he uses characters as characters as symbols, metaphors, similes, narrative viewpoint, symbols, metaphors, similes, narrative viewpoint,

onomatopoeia, the narrative point of view, irony onomatopoeia, the narrative point of view, irony

……The list could go on, but there is more than enough The list could go on, but there is more than enough here to set you thinking.

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Assessment Objectives for this

Assessment Objectives for this

question:

question:

AO1AO1: : RespondRespond to texts critically, sensitively to texts critically, sensitively and in detail,

and in detail, selecting appropriate ways to selecting appropriate ways to convey their response,

convey their response, using textual using textual evidence as appropriate

evidence as appropriate..

AO2:AO2: Explore Explore how language, structure and how language, structure and forms

forms contribute tocontribute to the the meaningsmeanings of texts, of texts, considering

considering different approaches to texts different approaches to texts and

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How do I comment on form?

How do I comment on form? Write about:Write about:

the novel as an the novel as an adventure storyadventure story

as as parodyparody (that(that’’s a distorted s a distorted ‘‘copycopy’’ of something) of something)

of

of ‘‘Coral IslandCoral Island’’–––– but if you do, try to say why but if you do, try to say why

Golding makes changes to the typical adventure

Golding makes changes to the typical adventure

elements.

elements.

as fableas fable

You could also think of this novel in terms of an You could also think of this novel in terms of an

allegory

allegory (similar to a fable but perhaps with more (similar to a fable but perhaps with more

religious overtones)

religious overtones)

the island as a the island as a microcosmmicrocosm (a sort of (a sort of ‘‘mini versionmini version’’) )

of the world.

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Planning

Planning

work backwards

work backwards

What purpose(s) are those you can talkWhat purpose(s) are those you can talk about? Write it at the bottom of your page. about? Write it at the bottom of your page.

Which events and characters are associatedWhich events and characters are associated with that purpose?

with that purpose?

What quotations are associated with theseWhat quotations are associated with these events and characters?

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Planning

Planning

FLECS

FLECS

F ormF orm

L anguageL anguage

E ventsE vents

C haractersC haracters

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Questions

Questions

Do you think GoldingDo you think Golding’’s message in the novel s message in the novel a pessimistic or optimistic one?

a pessimistic or optimistic one?

What do you think Golding has to say about What do you think Golding has to say about evil in the lord of the flies? How does he

evil in the lord of the flies? How does he convey his ideas to the reader?

convey his ideas to the reader?

At the end of the novel, the naval officer At the end of the novel, the naval officer says

says ‘‘I know, jolly good show. Like Coral I know, jolly good show. Like Coral Island.

Island.’’ Why does Golding choose to end Why does Golding choose to end the novel with such a mistaken view?

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Questions

Questions

How does Golding use the beast in the How does Golding use the beast in the novel as a whole?

novel as a whole?

– You should write about:You should write about: –

– What the beast may symbolizeWhat the beast may symbolize –

– The way the boysThe way the boys’’ ideas about the boy changeideas about the boy change –

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Questions

Questions

Ralph is changed by his experiences on the island. How Ralph is changed by his experiences on the island. How does Golding show this?

does Golding show this?

What do you think is the significance of What do you think is the significance of ‘‘the world of the world of grown

grown--upsups’’ at the end of chapter 5, and in the novel as a at the end of chapter 5, and in the novel as a whole?

whole?

– You should write about:You should write about: ·

· the different attitudes of the boys towards the different attitudes of the boys towards ‘‘grown upsgrown ups’’ ·

· events that occur on the island and in the outside worldevents that occur on the island and in the outside world the writer

the writer’’s ideas and how he conveys them to the reader.s ideas and how he conveys them to the reader. Explore the presentation of Roger. What is his importance in

Explore the presentation of Roger. What is his importance in

the novel?

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Questions

Questions

What is the importance of Simon in the lord of the What is the importance of Simon in the lord of the flies

flies

How does Golding show the degeneration of the How does Golding show the degeneration of the boys on the island?

boys on the island?

How far is this a typical adventure story?How far is this a typical adventure story?

Discuss the role of the conch in the novel Discuss the role of the conch in the novel

Why do you think Why do you think ‘‘Lord of the FliesLord of the Flies’’ is a good title is a good title for this novel? (see the school

for this novel? (see the school’’s website for plenty s website for plenty of ideas on this fiendish question)

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Nutshell arguments

Nutshell arguments

What do you think is the significance of What do you think is the significance of ‘‘the the world of grown

world of grown--upsups’’ at the end of chapter 5, at the end of chapter 5, and in the novel as a whole?

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What do you think is the significance of

What do you think is the significance of ‘‘the the

world of grown

world of grown--upsups’’ at the end of chapter 5, at the end of chapter 5,

and in the novel as a whole?

and in the novel as a whole?

At first,At first, the boys on the island seem to enjoy the idea that there are nothe boys on the island seem to enjoy the idea that there are no adults there with them; because they can play games and have fun adults there with them; because they can play games and have fun. . As time goes on,

As time goes on, however, their fear leads them to long for grown-however, their fear leads them to long for grown-ups ups who would sort things out, discuss things and stop things deteri

who would sort things out, discuss things and stop things deteriorating. orating. However,

However, ultimatelyultimately, Golding seems to suggest that these so-, Golding seems to suggest that these so-called called ‘

‘expertsexperts’’ are no better than the boys, and that they are involved in a are no better than the boys, and that they are involved in a battle every bit as bloody as their younger counterparts. In so

battle every bit as bloody as their younger counterparts. In some ways, me ways, Ralph has learned more than the naval officer who arrives to res

Ralph has learned more than the naval officer who arrives to rescue cue them

them at the endat the end. He is mistaken in thinking that because they are . He is mistaken in thinking that because they are English, and civilized, the boys have been behaving as if it

English, and civilized, the boys have been behaving as if it’’s all been s all been an

an adventure storyadventure story. We, together with Ralph, have learned that it’. We, together with Ralph, have learned that it’s s not, and this adult is made to seem foolish

not, and this adult is made to seem foolish. Maybe ultimately Golding . Maybe ultimately Golding may suggest that while the adults in the novel have not learned,

may suggest that while the adults in the novel have not learned, we still we still

can, and that if we do, this novel holds some possibility of hop

can, and that if we do, this novel holds some possibility of hope for us e for us

all. In this way, this fable serves as a warning to us all.

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So

So

how can I revise?

how can I revise?

Learn the key events of each chapter.Learn the key events of each chapter.

Test yourself: which chapters feature the Test yourself: which chapters feature the conch/fire/killing and hunting? (etc)

conch/fire/killing and hunting? (etc)

Practise planning Practise planning –– 20 20 minsmins; 15 ; 15 minsmins; 10 ; 10 minsmins; 6 ; 6 or 7

or 7……Past paper questions are on the schoolPast paper questions are on the school’’s s website. FLECS

website. FLECS

Select what you think are the key messages of the Select what you think are the key messages of the novel and learn them.

novel and learn them.

Top twenty quotations? Top twenty quotations?

‘‘Pick a pagePick a page’’

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Find more resources

Find more resources

Essay plans and ideas, key quotations and Essay plans and ideas, key quotations and much more

much more

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