Groups and individuals at work

Full text


Groups and individuals at work

1. Full title

The functioning and performance of individuals and groups in organizations

2. Research group

Work and Organizational Psychology

Director: Annelies van Vianen 3. Members of the group

Senior staff

Bianca Beersma, Carsten de Dreu, Arne Evers, Lindred Greer, Michel Handgraaf, Madelon van Hooff, Annebel de Hoogh, Ute-Christine Klehe, Aukje Nauta, Jan te Nijenhuis, Bernard Nijstad, Irene de Pater, Marc Schabracq, Olga Smit-Voskuijl, Femke ten Velden, Annelies van Vianen

Postdoctoral fellows

Myriam Bechtoldt


Matthijs Baas, Rosina van Bloois, Bram Duyx, Marije de Goede, Jessie Koen, Katharina Lürken, Ilona McNeill, Barbara Nevicky, Paul Preenen, Marieke Roskes, Shaul Shalvi, Daniel Sligte

4. Membership Research Schools and other Research Institutes

Research of the group is embedded in two research schools, the Kurt Lewin Institute, and IOPS.

5. Research topics

Our goal is to develop and test theory that explains how psychological processes and principles at the individual and group-level alone and in interaction predict motivational and affective states (e.g., organizational attraction and commitment, group affective tone, work motivation),

cooperation and coordination among individuals and groups (e.g.,

organizational citizenship behavior, conflict management), individual and group decision making (e.g., task, career, and personnel decisions, negotiated agreement, decision failures), and individual and group performance (creativity and innovation).


these themes concern: career development, personnel selection, self-regulation and motivation, aging, and work and health. At the team level and at the

interface of individuals and teams our main research themes concern:

negotiating and decision making, team composition and processes, creativity and innovation, and leadership.

In our research we explicitly take a multi-level multi-method approach, assuming that work-related processes can often be better understood when taking into account both individual and group levels of analysis, and by assuming that each method has its vices and virtues. Thus, our work employs laboratory experiments, cross-sectional and longitudinal field studies, and meta-analytic reviews to build and test theory.

We do engage in applied work but our emphasis is on theory development and testing. Because our primary focus is on basic psychological theory that applies to work-related processes and phenomena relevant to organizations, our work is published in and discussed with colleagues both within as well as outside

(organizational) psychology.

6. Program development

December 2009 Edwin van Hooft was appointed as associated professor. This position strengthens the program’s focus on the multi-method approach and research on self-regulation and motivation. Ute Klehe was appointed as

associate professor (starting September 2009), which strengthens the program’s research on personnel selection and job search behaviours. Matthijs Baas was appointed as assistant professor (starting September 2009), which strengthens the program’s research on creativity.

Bernard Nijstad was appointed as a full professor of decision making and organizational behaviour at the University of Groningen.


7. Composition of research input of academic staff in 2009

FTE wp1 wp2 wp3 Total

Full professors (HL) 1.05 1.05

Associate professors (UHD) 1.27 0.13 1.40

Assistant professors (UD) 3.08 0.15 3.23

Other tenured research staff 0.00

Total tenured research staff 5.40 0.13 0.15 5.68

Non tenured research staff 0.48 0.48

Ph.D. students (AIO) 3.93 2.84 2.42 9.19

Research assistants 1.13 1.13

Total non tenured research staff 5.53 2.84 2.42 10.79



1. Academic publications 1.a. Refereed articles

Beersma, B., Hollenbeck, J. R., Conlon, D. E., Humphrey, S. E., Moon, H., & Ilgen, D. R. (2009). Cutthroat cooperation: The effects of team role decisions on adaptation to alternative reward structures. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 108, 131-142.

Dalenberg, S., Vogelaar, A. L. W., & Beersma, B. (2009). The effect of a team strategy discussion on military team performance. Military Psychology, 21, S31-S46.

Dijkstra, M. T. M., Dreu, C. K. W. de, Evers, A., & Dierendonck, D. van (2009). Passive responses to interpersonal conflict at work amplify employee strain. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 18, 405-423.

Dreu, C. K. W. de, Giacomantonio, M., Shalvi, S., & Sligte, D. J. (2009).

Getting stuck or stepping back: Effects of obstacles and construal level in the negotiation of creative solutions. Journal of Experimental Social

Psychology, 45, 542-548.

Dreu, C. K. W. de, & Nauta, A. (2009). Self-interest and other-orientation in organizational behavior: Implications for job performance, prosocial behavior, and personal initiative. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94, 913-926.

Greer, L. L., & Jehn, K. A. (2009). Follow me: Strategies used by emergent leaders in virtual organizations. International Journal of Leadership Studies, 5, 3-21.

Hoogh, A. H. B. de, & Hartog, D. N. den (2009). Empowering behaviour and leader fairness and integrity: Studying perceptions of ethical leader

behaviour from a levels-of-analysis perspective. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 18, 199-230.

Hoogh, A. H. B. de, & Hartog, D. N. den (2009). Neuroticism and locus of control as moderators of the relationships of charismatic and autocratic leadership with burnout. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94, 1058-1067. Kleef, G. A. van, Homan, A. C., Beersma, B., Knippenberg, D. van,

Knippenberg, B. van, & Damen, F. (2009). Searing sentiment or cold calculation? The effects of leader emotional displays on team performance depend on follower epistemic motivation. Academy of Management Journal, 52, 562-580.


Kleij, R. van der, Lijkwan, J. T. E., Rasker, P. C., & Dreu, C. K. W. de (2009). Effects of time pressure and communication environment on team processes and outcomes in dyadic planning. International Journal of Human Computer Studies, 67, 411-423.

Kleij, R. van der, Schraagen, J. M., Werkhoven, P., & Dreu, C. K. W. de (2009). How conversations change over time in face-to-face and video-mediated communication. Small Group Research, 40, 355-381.

Melchers, K. G., Klehe, U. -C., Richter, G. M., Kleinmann, M., König, C. J., & Lievens, F. (2009). I know what you want to know: The impact of

interviewees' ability to identify criteria on interview performance and construct-related validity. Human Performance, 22, 355-374.

Milch, K. F., Weber, E. U., Appelt, K. C., Handgraaf, M. J. J., & Krantz, D. H. (2009). From individual preference construction to group decisions: Framing effects and group processes. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 108, 242-255.

Must, O., Nijenhuis, J. te, Must, A., & Vianen, A. E. M. van (2009). Comparability of IQ scores over time. Intelligence, 37, 25-33.

Nauta, A., Vianen, A. van, Heijden, B. van der, Dam, K. van, & Willemsen, M. (2009). Understanding the factors that promote employability orientation: The impact of employability culture, career satisfaction, and role breadth self-efficacy. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 82, 233-251.

Pater, I. E. de, Vianen, A. E. M. van, Bechtoldt, M. N., & Klehe, U. (2009). Employees' challenging job experiences and supervisors' evaluations of promotability. Personnel Psychology, 62, 297-325.

Pater, I. E. de, Vianen, A. E. M. van, Fischer, A. H., & Ginkel, W. P. van (2009). Challenging experiences: Gender differences in task choice. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 24, 4-28.

Pater, I. E. de, Vianen, A. E. M. van, Humphrey, R. H., Sleeth, R. G., Hartman, N. S., & Fischer, A. H. (2009). Individual task choice and the division of challenging tasks between men and women. Group & Organization Management, 34, 563-589.

Rietzschel, E. F., Nijstad, B. A., & Stroebe, W. (2009). De stilte na de brainstorm: Het belang van effectieve ideeënselectie. Gedrag en Organisatie, 22, 76-87.

Savickas, M., Nota, L., Rossier, J., Dauwalder, J. P., Duarte, M. E. C.,

Guichard, J., Soresi, S., Esbroeck, R. van, & Vianen, A. E. M. van (2009). Life design: A paradigm for career construction in the 21st century. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 75, 239-250.


Steinel, W., Dreu, C. K. W. de, Ouwehand, E., & Ramírez-Marín, J. Y. (2009). When constituencies speak in multiple tongues: the relative persuasiveness of hawkish minorities in representative negotiation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 109, 67-78.

Stroebe, W., & Nijstad, B. A. (2009). Do our psychological laws apply only to Americans? American Psychologist, september, 569.

Velden, F. S. ten, Beersma, B., & Dreu, C. K. W. de (2009). Goal expectations meet regulatory focus: How appetitive and aversive competition influence negotiation. Social Cognition, 27, 437-454.

Vianen, A. E. M. van, Pater, I. E. de, & Preenen, P. T. Y. (2009). Adaptive careers: Deciding less and exploring more. The Career Development Quarterly, 57, 298-309.

Vries, R. E. de, Vries, A. de, Hoogh, A. de, & Feij, J. (2009). More than the Big Five: Egoism and the HEXACO model of personality. European Journal of Personality, 23, 635-654. 1.b. Non-refereed articles -1.c. Books -1.d. Book Chapters

Hoogh, A. H. B. de, & Hartog, D. N. den (2009). Ethical leadership: The socially responsible use of power. In D. Tjosvold & B. M. Wisse (Eds.),

Power and interdependence in organizations (Cambridge Companions to Management) (pp. 338-354). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Rietzschel, E. F., Dreu, C. K. W. de, & Nijstad, B. A. (2009). What are we

talking about when we talk about creativity? Group creativity as a

multifaceted, multistage phenomenon. In E. A. Mannix, M. A. Neale & J. A. Goncalo (Eds.), Creativity in groups (Research on managing groups and teams, Volume 12) (pp. 1-27). Bingley, UK: Emerald.

1.e. Conference Papers


1.f. Scientific reports

Nijenhuis, J. te (2009). Selectietests in een multi-etnische maatschappij: Groepsverschillen in IQ, bias en discriminatie [Selection tests in a multi-ethnic society: Group differences in IQ, bias, and discrimination]. The Hague, the Netherlands: Royal Netherlands Army, Central Personnel and Organisation Service, Behavioral Sciences Division.


2. Ph.D. Thesis

2.a. Internally prepared


2.b. Externally prepared


2.c. Doctorates at other faculties/universities, co-supervised by program members

Giacomantonio, M. (March 2009). Now you see it, now you don’t: Interests, positions, and psychological distance in integrative negotiation. Sapienza Università di Roma. Promotores: L. Mannetti & C. K. W. de Dreu.

3. Professional Publications

Dreu, C. K. W. de (2009). Negotiation. In H. T. Reis & S. Sprecher (Eds.),

Encyclopedia of human relationships (pp. 1147-1150). London: Sage. Dreu, C. K. W. de (2009). Negotiation and bargaining. In J. M. Levine & M.

Hogg (Eds.), Encyclopedia of group processes and intergroup relations (pp. 601-606). London: Sage.

Dreu, C. K. W. de (2009). Het nut van polarisatie in politiek en samenleving: Een sociaal-psychologische verkenning. In Raad voor de Maatschappelijke Ontwikkeling (Ed.), Polarisatie: Bedreigend en verrijkend (pp. 140-152). Amsterdam: SWP.

Dreu, C. de (2009). Polarisatie ontdoet conflicten van haar nuttige consequenties. Tijdschrift Conflicthantering, 4(4), 5-9.

Evers, A., Frima, R. M., & Vliet-Mulder, J. C. van (2009). Documentatie van tests en testresearch in Nederland. Amsterdam: Boom Test Uitgevers. Evers, A., Lucassen, W., Meijer, R., & Sijtsma, K. (2009). COTAN

beoordelingssysteem voor de kwaliteit van tests (geheel herziene versie).

Amsterdam: NIP.

Hooff, M. van, Smulders, P., & Vroome, E. de (2009). Verklaren

werkomstandigheden de gezondheidsverschillen tussen autochtone en allochtone werknemers? Tijdschrift voor Arbeidsvraagstukken, 25, 147-155. Koen, J., Klehe, U. -C., & Vianen, A. E. M. van (2009). Ontwikkeling van

re-integreerbaarheid. Amsterdam: Dienst, werk en inkomen, Gemeente Amsterdam.

Nauta, A. (2009). Een creatieve dialoog voor volwaardige arbeidsrelaties.


Nauta, A., & Bossche, S. van den (2009). Mediation en werk. In A.

Brenninkmeijer, K. vam Oyen, D. Bonenkamp & H. Prein (Eds.), Handboek Mediation (4de, gewijzigde druk). Den Haag: SDU.

Nauta, A., & Huisman, M. (2009). Praten bij het spoor: NS zoekt inzetbaarheid in dialoog. Personeelsbeleid, september, 20-23.

Nauta, A., & Minnaar, C. (2009). Employability in barre tijden: Verwaarlozing verleidelijk maar contraproductief. Gids voor Personeelsmanagement, oktober, 23-25.

Nijenhuis, J. te (2009). Cognitieve capaciteitentests in de selectieprocedure bij Defensie: Voortijdige schoolverlaters, alternatieve batterijen, additionele tests en g-scores [Tests of cognitive capacities in the selection procedure at the Ministry of Defense: School dropouts, alternative test batteries,

additional tests, and g scores]. The Hague, the Netherlands: Royal

Netherlands Army, Central Personnel and Organisation Service, Behavioral Sciences Division.

Nijenhuis, J. te (2009). De General Factor of Personality (GFP) als voorspeller van verloop in de initiële opleiding: Twee empirische studies [The General Factor of Personality (GFP) as a predictor of turnover in the initial

training: Two empirical studies]. The Hague, the Netherlands: Royal

Netherlands Army, Central Personnel and Organisation Service, Behavioral Sciences Division.

Nijenhuis, J. te (2009). Het hoge IQ van Abrahams kinderen: Een interview met Jon Entine [The high IQ of Abraham’s children: An interview with Jon Entine]. Talent, 11(6), 25-28.

Nijenhuis, J. te (2009). Naar een optimale selectieprocedure met minder selectieverlies en minder opleidingsverloop [Towards an optimal selection procedure with less selection loss and less training turnover]. The Hague, the Netherlands: Royal Netherlands Army, Central Personnel and

Organisation Service, Behavioral Sciences Division.

Nijenhuis, J. te, Cremers, M., & Heijden, K. van der (2009). Integriteitmeting in de selectie voor de Koninklijke Marechaussee [Integrity measurement during selection for the Royal Dutch Military Police]. The Hague, the Netherlands: Royal Netherlands Army, Central Personnel and Organisation Service, Behavioral Sciences Division.

Nijstad, B. A. (2009). Group performance. Hove, UK: Psychology Press. Shome, D., Marx, S., Appelt, K., Arora, P., Balstad, R., Broad, K., Freedman,

A., Handgraaf, M., Hardisty, D., Krantz, D., Leiserowitz, A., LoBuglio, M., Logg, J., Mazhirov, A., Milch, K., Nawi, N., Peterson, N., Soghoian, A., & Weber, E. (2009). The psychology of climate change communication: A


guide for scientists, journalists, educators, political aides, and the interested public. New York: Center for Research on Environmental Decisions.

Voskuijl, O. F., & Evers, A. (2009). Ethische dilemma's. Theorie en praktijk. In A. Koormena (Ed.), U doet het maar. Ethiek en ethos in arbeid en loopbaan

(pp. 41-56). Amsterdam: Pearson.

4. Publications aimed at the general public

Dreu, C. K. W. de (28-02-2009). Het nut van polarisatie: Tegen. De Volkskrant. Dreu, C. K. W. de, & Nauta, A. (2009). Beter polderen dan polariseren. De

illusie van de zelfzucht. De Groene Amsterdammer, 52, 22-23. Koen, J., & Tent, N. van (2009). 'Amsterdams model' maakt

re-integreerbaarheid inzichtelijk. Effectiviteit re-integratie anders gemeten.

Sociaal Totaal.

Nauta, A. (2009). De babyboomers hebben het gedaan. In G. Tielen & B. Dortland (Eds.), Solidariteit tussen generaties. Verslag van de Vijfde Jan Brouwer Conferentie. Haarlem: Koninklijke Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen.

Nauta, A. (2009). I-deale arbeidsrelaties. In Prosociaal gedrag in buurten, op scholen en in bedrijven. Amsterdam: KNAW.

Nauta, A. (2009). Nieuwe arbeidsrelaties bij de overheid: ruim baan voor de BV Ik. In Rijksambtenaren voor de toekomst (pp. 19-30). Den Haag: Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties.

Nauta, A. (17-02-2009). Stook niet tussen generaties. De Volkskrant, Forumpagina, pp. 11.

Thijn, F. van, & Koen, J. (2009). Jaren thuiszitten is geen optie. Het Parool (het laatste woord), september.

5. Other results 5.a Book editors


5.b Journal editorships

Dreu, C. K. W. de

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology(guest editor) 5.c Inaugural lectures


5.d Prizes


Management, Chicago 2009 for C. K. W. De Dreu & L. R. Weingart (2003), Task versus relationship conflict and team performance: A meta-analysis.

Journal of Applied Psychologogy, 88.

Greer, L. L. (2009). Best Dissertation Award, American Psychological Association (APA) Division 49.

Dreu. C.K.W. de (2009). Mind Gym 2009 Award for Harinck, F., & Dreu, C. K. W. de (2008). Take a break! Or not? The impact of mindsets during breaks on negotiation processes and outcomes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 397-404.

5.e Organisation of conferences and symposia

Dreu, C. K. W. de (2009). Organisation of Groups preconference, Society for Experimental Social Psychology (with Ann Rumble). Portland, MN, October 2009.

Dreu, C. K. W. de, Goede, M. M. E. de, Klehe, U. C., Koen, J., Sligte, D. J., Hooff, M. L. M. van, & Vermeulen, J. H. (2009). Organsiation of the large annual conference of the Association of Industrial and Organizational Psychologists (WAOP), Amsterdam, November.

Hartog, D. N. den, & Hoogh. A. H. B de. (November, 2009). Joint chairs and organizers of The Leadership and Diversity track (subtheme 10) at the 6th Dutch HRM Network conference, Amsterdam.

Homan, A. C., Kleef, G. A. van, & Nijstad, B. A. (2009). Organisation of symposium Dealing with common pitfalls and misconceptions in team research. Showcase symposium, Academy of Management Meetings, Chicago, USA, August.

5.f Research grants

Dreu, C. K. W. de (01.09.2009 – 31.08.2013). NWO-Grant 432-08-002 “The dynamics and consequences of representative negotiation: Towards a multi-level framework (with L. L. Greer, G. A. van Kleef, and N. Ellemers); €600.000.

Dreu, C. K. W. de (01.09.2009 – 31.08.2011). Bijzondere Leeropdracht Raad voor de Rechtspraak (Special Research Assignment by the Dutch Judicial Council) “Psychological Processes in Group Decision Making in Multi-Member Courts.

Koen, J., Klehe, U. C., & Vianen, A. E. M. van (01.10.2009-1.10.2010). Grant Pantar Amsterdam for ‘Motivation to work.’

Nauta, A., Pater, I. E. de, Vianen, A. van, & Hoogh, A. de (August 2009 - August 2013). Grant from the Sociaal Fonds voor de Kennis Sector (SoFoKleS), The Netherlands, for the Ph.D. project of Rosina van Bloois ‘Lifetime employability and adult work relationships.’


5.g Keynote speeches at conferences


5.h Collaborations

Beersma, B. (2000 - present). Collaboration with Hollenbeck, J. R.; Department of Management, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA. Studies on team processes and performance.

Handgraaf, M. J. J. (2006 - present). Collaboration with Weber, E. U.; Center for Research on Environmental Decisions (CRED), Columbia University, New York, USA. Environmental Decision Making by Individuals and Groups.

Hoogh, A. H. B. de (2000 - present). Collaboration with Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness (GLOBE) Research Project Members (over 200 social scientists). GLOBE President and CEO: Mansour Javidan, Thunderbird School of Global Management. Glendale, Arizona. Long-term programmatic series of cross-cultural leadership studies.

Hoogh, A. H. B. de (2004 - present). Collaboration with Hartog, D. N. den; University of Amsterdam Business School, Amsterdam. Leadership. Hoogh, A. H. B. de (2006 - present). Collaboration with Kalshoven, K.;

University of Amsterdam Business School, Amsterdam. Ethical leadership. Hoogh, A. H. B. de (2007 - present). Collaboration with Breukelen, J. van;

Nyenrode University, The Netherlands. Leadership learning styles.

Vianen, A. E. M. van (2006 - present). Collaboration with: International Life Design Research Group: Duarte, M. E., Faculty of Psychology and

Education, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal; Soresi, S., & Nota, L., Department of Developmental Psychology and Socialization, University of Padova, Padova, Italy; Guichard, J., Institut national d’étude du travail et d’orientation professionnelle (INETOP), Paris, France; Dauwalder, J. P., & Rossier, J., Institute of Psychology, Université de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland; Van Esbroeck, R., Vakgroep Educatiewetenschappen, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussel, Belgium; Savickas, M., Behavioral Sciences Department, College of Medicine, Northeastern Ohio Universities, USA.