use a simple sentence with compound subject and a compound predicate use the connector and to join compound subjects and compound predicates use the correct verb form with a compound subject

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Modified In-School Off-School Approach Modules (MISOSA)

Distance Education for Elementary Schools







Department of Education


Revised 2010

by the Learning Resource Management and Development System (LRMDS), DepEd - Division of Negros Occidental

under the Strengthening the Implementation of Basic Education in Selected Provinces in the Visayas (STRIVE).

This edition has been revised with permission for online distribution through the Learning Resource Management Development System (LRMDS) Portal

Section 9 of Presidential Decree No. 49 provides:

“No copyright shall subsist in any work of the

Government of the Republic of the Philippines. However, prior approval of the government agency or office wherein the work is created shall be necessary for exploitation of such work for profit.”





What we shall have in this module is the fourth form

of the simple sentence.

Thus, it is expected that at the end of the lesson, you

will learn to:

use a simple sentence with compound subject and

a compound predicate

use the connector and to join compound subjects

and compound predicates

use the correct verb form with a compound


You may start now.


What is your perception of a hero? Do you want to be a hero?

We know that not all heroes hold guns and fight or have fought in a war or bottle.

Read the paragraph below.


He finds joy in common things. He eats simple meals and wears plain clothes. He starts his day early and works until dark. He tills the soil and plants different kinds of crops. He takes care of his family and feeds the nation. He remains a shadow behind the setting sun.

Who is the main subject in our paragraph? (Yes, the farmer.)

What kind of sentences do we have? (Simple sentences)

Except for the first sentence with an SS + Sp pattern, what pattern of a simple sentence is used in the whole paragraph? (SS + CP)


Are you familiar with some famous scientists?

Find out who they were and what they did that made their names go down in history.

Orville and Wilbur were brothers. They invented the first flying machines.

Do you know what is a flying machine is? Right! It’s an airplane,

Galileo Galilei, Anton van Leeuwenhoek and Gregor Mendel were great scientists, were they?

Do you know what scientists do?

They observe, study, research, experiment and discover many things in nature.


Let us take a closer look.

Study the Venn Diagram above. Find out what each did as scientists. Then read the following sentences:

1. Galileo Galilei and Leeuwenhoek observed and research objects through eye instruments.

2. Mendel and Leeuwenhoek researched and experimented to verify their studies?

3. Mendel or Galilei researched and discovered many facts about nature.

Now answer the questions below:

Write the answers in your notebook.

1. Who observed and researched objects through eye instruments? 2. Who researched and experimented to verify their studies?

3. What did Mendel and Galelei do?

4. What did Mendel, Galelei and Leeuwenhoek do?

Galileo Galilei




Gregor Mendel


Let us take a second look at the sentences.

How many names of persons or proper nouns are talked about in each of the sentence?

There are two or more single subjects as in:

Galelei and Leeuwenhoek Mendel and Leeuwenhoek Mandel or Leeuwenhoek

Galelei, Mendel and Leeuwenhoek

Two or more single subjects can be joined together to form the compound subject of the sentence. They can be joined by connectives and or or.

Study these sentences. Notice the underlined words.

Galileo studied and observed bacteria.

He constructed and used his own microscope.

How many simple predicates or verbs are found in each sentence? The underlined word groups show there are two or more simple predicates or verbs.

studied and observed Constructed and used What words also join the simple predicates?

The connectivesand and or, and sometimes but join the simple predicates to form a compound predicate.

One scientist tried but failed his experiment.

He studied but missed the most important part of the lesson.

A simple sentence, therefore, may also have a compound subject and a compound predicate.

We show the sentence pattern below.


A. Tell whether the sentence has a compound subject or a compound predicate.


I saw and read a book about Helen Keller. (compound predicate)

1. Helen Keller became deaf and could not see at the age of two. 2. Her sight and hearing were impaired by illness.

3. Her teacher and companion was Anne Sullivan. 4. Helen studied and learned the use of her hands. 5. She studied and graduated with honors from college. 6. After graduation, she practiced and worked actively. 7. Her family and she helped the blind.

8. The deaf and the blind find it hard to communicate. 9. They have to learn and use new ways of communication. 10. Helen’s memorable childhood days were studying with her

teacher and working with her parents.

B. Draw one line under each compound subject.

Draw two lines under each compound predicate.


At times, Helen watch and disturbed persons talking

1. She mumbled and acted frantically.

2. Helen kicked and screamed almost endlessly.

3. The cook’s child and an old dog were her constant companions. 4. Martha and Helen taught their dog sign language.

5. Belle, the dog was dull and slept always.


7. Helen’s father was very loving and indulges her often. 8. Her parents deeply grieved and cried.

9. They were disappointed but never gave up.

10. Friends and relatives doubted Helen’s education.

C. Read each sentence carefully.

Replace the underlined compound subjects with some other subjects that make sense.

Reading and gardening are my favorite hobbies. Swing and collecting stamps are my favorite hobbies.

1. Either magazines or newspapers keep me busy 2. Neither my sisters nor my brothers can disturb me. 3. Erica and Elisa help me in the garden.

4. Father and Mother stop me from reading too much.

5. Good lighting and ventilation make a room suitable for reading.

D. Substitute the underlined compound predicates with some other predicates that make sense.


I didn’t completely rest nor enjoy my summer vacation. I didn’t completely relax nor work hard.

1. Most of us work and earn money. 2. Some boys buy and sell empty bottles. 3. Some girls either weave or sew.

4. However, we also swim or play games during weekends. 5. Sometimes we just sit around and watch television.

E. Write the correct verb form in each of the following sentences. Write only the answer.


Weaving (is, are) fun and worthwhile. (is)

1. Finger weaving or strand braiding (is, are) a type of weaving 2. Thongs and yarn (is, are) used.


4. A stripe or two stripes (result, results). 5. Color and design (is, are) important.

6. Taste and color combination (count, counts) too.

7. Either careful planning or a good pattern (is, are) helpful. 8. Sashes and belts (needs, need) to be long.

9. Fringes or tassels (ends, end) it.

10. A belt or tie (make, makes) an attracting gift.

F. Match column A with column B. Then write the CS + CS pattern formed.

Column A

1. The funny clown and the dancing horse

2. All the men and women 3. The rescuers and the police 4. The coach and his players 5. The birds and the bees

Column B

a. came early and decorated the stage

b. practiced tirelessly and went on a strict diet.

c. move from flower to flower and pollinate them.

d. did wonderful tricks and delighted the spectators.

e. worked patiently and saved countless lives

Key Points

Rules on Agreement

1. If and joins compound subjects, use a plural verb or the base form in the present tense.

2. If or not joins singular compound subjects, use a singular verb or the s- form.

3. If or not joins plural compound subjects, use a plural verb or the base form.

Two or more simple predicates can also be joined together to form the

compound predicate of the sentence. They can be joined by and, or, or but. A compound subject is made up two or more simple subjects joined by

and or or.,

A compound predicate is made up of two or more verbs joined but and,


4. If or nor joins one singular and plural subject make the verb agree with the subject closer to it.

Write CS + CP if the sentence has a compound subject and a compound predicate. If not, write No.

1. Your father and I are with you always.

2. You and your brother can count on us and can come anytime. 3. Imee’s relatives and friends hope and pray for your success.


Wrapping Up

Think about your happy childhood days. They were beautiful and enjoyable, weren’t they? Do you remember some experiences which you can’t forget?