Positive Negative and Interrogative Sentence

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Positive Negative and Interrogative Sentence Positive Negative and Interrogative Sentence

I. CONTENTS

I. CONTENTS

A. Definition A. Definition

A positive sentence tells you about something that exists or something that is happening. A positive sentence tells you about something that exists or something that is happening.

Negative sentences tell you that something does not exi

Negative sentences tell you that something does not exi st or is not st or is not happening.happening. Negative sentence divided to two parts:

Negative sentence divided to two parts: Sentences with `not'

Sentences with `not'

Negative words (Not, nobody, neither, never, no one, nor, no, nothing none) Negative words (Not, nobody, neither, never, no one, nor, no, nothing none)

You do not normally use two negative words in the same clause. You do not normally use two negative words in the same clause. Example:

Example: She She never never goes goes abroad.abroad. He has given no reason for

He has given no reason for his decision.his decision. Nobody in her house knows any English. Nobody in her house knows any English. Interrogative sentence is a type of

Interrogative sentence is a type of sentence which usually asks a question and use sentence which usually asks a question and use question mark (?). They may askquestion mark (?). They may ask for information or for confirmation or

for information or for confirmation or denial of a statement.denial of a statement.

B.

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Here the formula of positive, negative, and interrogative sentence for each tenses:

1. The Simple Present Tense a. Verbal sentence

Positive Interrogative Negative

He She It works Does he she it work? He She it does not (doesn't) work. I You We They work Do I you we they work? I You We They do not (don't) work.

Positive Interrogative Negative

He is She is It is there is he she it there? He She it is not (isn't) there I am You are We are They are am are I you we they there? I You We They am not are not there

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2. The Present Continuous Tense Positive Interrogative I am I'm Working Am I working? He She is It He's She's It's Is he she it We You are They We're You're They're Are we you they

3. The Simple Past Tense a. Positive: regular verbs

Regular verbs have the same form for all persons (I, you, he, she, etc.): Subject Infinitive + ed I He She It We You They Stayed

Negative with not Negative with n’t

I am I'm not working I working? He She is It He's She's It's he she it isn’t We You are — They We're You're They're we you they aren’t

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b. positive - irregular verbs

Irregular verbs have the same form for all persons (I, you, he, she, etc)

Irregular verbs are irregular in the past simple in the positive only (not in the negative or question form):

go — went She went home yesterday, sit — sat I sat down,

write -- wrote She wrote for hours.

Subject Simple past I He She It We You They went

The past simple question form is the same for all persons (I, you, he, she, etc.) and all verbs:

Did Subject Infinitive

Did I he she it we you they leave? go? stay?

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• The past simple negative form is the same for all persons and all verbs:

Subject Did not Infinitive I he she it we you they did not didn't leave go stay

4. The Past Continuous Tense

Positive Interrogative Negative

I He She It was working was I he she it working? I He She it was not (wasn't) working You We They were were you we they working? You We They were not (weren't) working

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5. The Present Perfect Tense has/have + past participle

Positive Interrogative Negative

I You We They Have (‘ve) finished Have he she it finished I You We They Have not (haven't) Finished He She It Has (‘s) Has I you we they He She It Has not (hasn't) Finished

6. The Present Perfect Continuous has/have + been + verb-ing

Positive Interrogative Negative

I You We They Have (‘ve) been waiting Have he she it been waiting? I You We They Have not (haven't) been waiting? He She It Has (‘s) Has I you we they He She It Has not (hasn't)

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7. The Past Perfect Tense

Positive Interrogative Negative

I You We

They had worked Had I You We They worked I You We They Had not (hadn’t) worked He She It He She It He She It 8. The Past Perfect Continuous

Positive Interrogative Negative

I You We They Had been waiting Had he she it been waiting? I You We

They Had not (hadn't) been waiting He She It I you we they He She It

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9. The Present Future Tense a. going to

going to is often used to indicate a future plan that has been made before the time of speaking. I'm going to see Pat tomorrow - we arranged it this morning.

Positive Interrogative Negative

I am (‘m) going to pay am (‘m) I going to pay? I am (‘m) going to pay You We They are are You We They You We They are He She It is (‘s) is (‘s) He She It He She It is (‘s) b. will

Will is often used to indicate a sudden decision, made at the time of speaking: How can we get to the airport? I know! I'll borrow Sue's car!

Positive Interrogative Negative

I You We They He She It will stay Will/shall I We stay I You We They He She It will not (won’t) stay will They You He She It

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10. Present Future Continuous Tense

Positive Interrogative Negative

I You We They He She It will be living Will/shall I We be living? I You We They He She It will not (won’t) be living will They You He She It

11. The Past Future Tense

Positive Interrogative Negative

I You We They He She It would go Would/ should I We go I You We They He She It would not (wouldn’t) go would They You He She It

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12. The Past Future Continuous Tense

Positive Interrogative Negative

I You We They He She It would be living Would/ should I We be living? I You We They He She It would not (wouldn’t) be living would They You He She It

13. The Present Future Perfect Tense

Positive Interrogative Negative

I You We They He She It will have eaten Will/ Shall I We have eaten? I You We They He She It will not (won’t) have eaten Will They You He She It

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14. The Present Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Positive Interrogative Negative

I You We They He She It will have been studying Will/ Shall I We have been studying I You We They He She It will not (won’t) have been studying will They You He She It

15. The Past Future Perfect Tense

Positive Interrogative Negative

I You We They He She It would have eaten Will/ shall I We have eaten? I You We They He She It would not (won’t) have eaten will They You He She It

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16. The Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Positive Interrogative Negative

I You We They He She It would have been eating Would/ should I We have been eating? I You We They He She It would not (won’t) have been eating would They You He She It II. CONCLUSION

Sentence can be divided to positive sentence, negative sentence and interrogative sentence. A positive sentence tells you about something that exists or that is happening. Negative sentences tell you that something does not exist or is not happening. Negative sentence divided to two parts:

Sentences with `not' 2. Negative words

Sentence with ‘not’ used in 16 tenses, that are the simple present tense, the present continuous tense, the simple past tense, the past continuous tense, the present perf ect tense, the present perfect continuous tense, the past perfect tense, the past perfect continuous tense, the present future tense, the present future continuous tense, the past future tense, the past future continuous tense, the present future perfect tense, the present future perfect continuous tense, the past future perfect tense, and the past future perfect continuous tense. Negative wo rds contains Not, nobody, neither, never, no one, nor, no, nothing none

Interrogative sentence is a type of sentence which usually asks a question and use question mark (?). They may ask for information or for confirmation or denial of a statement.

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III. EXERCISES

A. Rewrite each sentence as a positive or negative sentence, or a question, according to the instructions! Example: I visit my parents very often. (negative)

Answer: / don't visit my parents very often.

1. Does he come from Germany? (positive) Answer: ...

2. She gets up at five o'clock. (interrogative) Answer: ...

3. I was making a cake (negative) Answer: ... 4. 'Did she see the accident?' (positive) Answer: ...

5. John has been staying there (interrogative) Answer: ...

Have you finished painting the house? (positive) Answer: ...

'Did you leave the hotel last night?' (negative) Answer: ...

Toni will open the door for her. (interrogative) Answer: ...

She will be sleeping when they arrive. (interrogative) Answer: ...

Had Jesicca been studying for two hours? (negative)

B. Rewrite each sentence as interrogative sentence Example: George is a student

Answer: Is George a student? It is raining again.

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She can speak Japanese.

Answer: ... Margaret is at home

Answer: ... My mom works in an office.

Answer: ... The teacher told the children a story. Answer: ... Philip has got a new bike.

Answer: ... She is Sumiko’s best friend.

Answer: ... Tom could sit with David.

Answer: ... Dad will help Jennifer with her homework. Answer: ... We will be late.

Answer: ...

REFERENCES

Johan H.F and Anne Juwita. 2010. Smart Way to TOEFL. Jakarta: Generasi Cerdas.

Sargeant, Howard. 2007. Basic English Grammar. United States: Saddleback Educational Publishing Schrampfer , Betty. 1993. Understanding and Using English Grammar: Prentice Hall

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References