CLP Apostila SLC500 v2

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Controlador Lógico Programável 

Controlador Lógico Programável 

Fênix Automação Industrial

Fênix Automação Industrial – –Barra MansaBarra Mansa – –RJRJ

Email:

Email: fenixautomacafenixautomacaoindustrial@gmail.comoindustrial@gmail.com Av Joaquim Leite, Ed Benedictus 01, Sala 203, Centro Av Joaquim Leite, Ed Benedictus 01, Sala 203, Centro

CLP

CLP

Nível 01

Nível 01

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Introdução

Introdução

Automação

Automação

::

conjunto das técnicas baseados em :

conjunto das técnicas baseados em :

••

Máquinas com capacidade de executar tarefas previamente executadasMáquinas com capacidade de executar tarefas previamente executadas pelo homem e de controlar sequências de operações sem a intervenção pelo homem e de controlar sequências de operações sem a intervenção humana;

humana;

•• Aparelhos programáveis com capacidade de operar quaseAparelhos programáveis com capacidade de operar quase independentemente do controle humano.

independentemente do controle humano.

A história da industrialização

A história da industrialização

::

 As máquinas de  As máquinas de tear são os primeiros tear são os primeiros

exemplos de exemplos de automação automação

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CLP:

CLP: Controlador

Controlador Lógico

Lógico Programável

Programável

••

Sistema dedicado com unidade central de Sistema dedicado com unidade central de processamento, memória,processamento, memória, terminais de entrada e saída

terminais de entrada e saída

•• Atualmente são aparelhos eletrônicos microprocessadores capazes deAtualmente são aparelhos eletrônicos microprocessadores capazes de controlar e comandar etapas ou todo o proces

controlar e comandar etapas ou todo o processo de produçãoso de produção

Surgiram com a necessidade de f

Surgiram com a necessidade de flexibillizar a produção.lexibillizar a produção. Primeira aplicação: Primeira aplicação: Linha de montagem Linha de montagem

Introdução

Introdução

engenheiro chefe da

engenheiro chefe da

Richard Morley foi o

Richard Morley foi o

Hydromic Division que

Hydromic Division que

idealizou os primeiros

idealizou os primeiros

CLP com relés

CLP com relés

eletromecânicos

eletromecânicos

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Princípio de Funcionamento

Princípio de Funcionamento

Entradas

Entradas

Digitais

Digitais

Saídas

Saídas

Digitais

Digitais

CPU

CPU

: Responsável pela: Responsável pela interpretação dos interpretação dos comandos fornecidos comandos fornecidos pelo terminal de pelo terminal de programação programação

Memória

Memória

: Armazena o: Armazena o sistema operacional, o sistema operacional, o programa e o estado das programa e o estado das variáveis de controle variáveis de controle

Interface E/S

Interface E/S

: converte: converte os valores de tensão dos os valores de tensão dos dispositivos conectados dispositivos conectados em sinais digitais e vice em sinais digitais e vice

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Arquitetura da Memória do CLP

Arquitetura da Memória do CLP

Princípio de Funcionamento

Princípio de Funcionamento

 A m

 A memória do CLP emória do CLP divide-se em memdivide-se em memória de aplicação, mória de aplicação, memória do usuário emória do usuário e programa executável e programa executável ouou memória do sistema.

memória do sistema.

MEMÓ

MEMÓRIA DE A

RIA DE A PLICA

PLICA Ç

ÇÃ

à O.

O.

Onde são armazenados os arquivos de

Onde são armazenados os arquivos de programa ou seja o programa ou seja o programa aplicativo em diagrama Ladder.programa aplicativo em diagrama Ladder. Existem dois

Existem dois tipos: Vtipos: Volátil olátil e não-volátil.e não-volátil.

VOLÁTIL.

VOLÁTIL.

Pode ser alterada ou apagada (gravar ou ler),

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Arquitetura da Memória do CLP

Arquitetura da Memória do CLP

Princípio de Funcionamento

Princípio de Funcionamento

MEM

MEM Ó

ÓRIA D

RIA D O USU

O USU ÁRIO.

ÁRIO.

Constituída de

Constituída de bit's que são localizaçõebit's que são localizações discretas dentro ds discretas dentro da pastilha de silício, pode a pastilha de silício, pode ser submetidoser submetido a tensão,

a tensão, portanto liportanto lido como “1” do como “1” ou ou não submetido não submetido à tensão là tensão lido como “0” ido como “0” .. Os dados são

Os dados são padrões de cargas elpadrões de cargas elétricas que representam étricas que representam um valor numérico.um valor numérico.  A

 A cada conjunto de 16 Bicada conjunto de 16 Bit`s t`s denomina-se palavdenomina-se palavra, estas palavras possuem ra, estas palavras possuem uma localização uma localização nana memória

memória chamada endereço chamada endereço ou registro. Onde ou registro. Onde são armazenados são armazenados valores referentes valores referentes aos aos Arquivos deArquivos de Dados, que são val

Dados, que são valores associados ao programa ores associados ao programa tais como: status de E/S, valores Ptais como: status de E/S, valores Pré-selecionados ré-selecionados ee acumulados de temporizadores e contadores e outras

acumulados de temporizadores e contadores e outras constantes e variáveis.constantes e variáveis.

PROGRA

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Princípio de Funcionamento

Princípio de Funcionamento

Características das Conexões de Entradas e Saídas

Características das Conexões de Entradas e Saídas

Interfaces de

Interfaces de

Entrada Digital

Entrada Digital

Interfaces de

Interfaces de

Saída Digital

Saída Digital

Etapas do tratamento

Etapas do tratamento

do sinal de entrada:

do sinal de entrada:

••Bornes de conexãoBornes de conexão ••Conversor eConversor e

Condicionador  Condicionador 

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Princípio de Funcionamento

Princípio de Funcionamento

Fluxograma de funcionamento de um CLP

Fluxograma de funcionamento de um CLP

Partida

Partida

O tempo gasto para a O tempo gasto para a

execução do ciclo execução do ciclo completo é chamado completo é chamado

Tempo de Varredura

Tempo de Varredura

, , ee depende do tamanho do depende do tamanho do

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Modelos de CLP´

Modelos de CLP´s

s Allen Bradley

Allen Bradley

MICROLOGIX 1000 MICROLOGIX 1000 (Com 32 E/S) (Com 32 E/S) MICROLOG MICROLOGIX IX 15001500 (Com 8 módulos) (Com 8 módulos) SLC500 SLC500 (Com 960 E/S locales) (Com 960 E/S locales) (4096 E + 4096 S remotas) (4096 E + 4096 S remotas) PLC5 PLC5 (Com 3072 E + 3072 S) (Com 3072 E + 3072 S) ControlLogix ControlLogix FAMILIA DE CONTROLADORES FAMILIA DE CONTROLADORES  ALLEN BR

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CLP SLC-500

CLP SLC-500

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Introdução ao SLC-500

Introdução ao SLC-500

••

Família de Controladores Programáveis de pequeno porte, ideal para

Família de Controladores Programáveis de pequeno porte, ideal para

aplicações dedicadas.

aplicações dedicadas.

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