Sistem Proteksi Generator Dan Transformator Berbasis REG216

31 

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(1)

SISTEM PROTEKSI

SISTEM PROTEKSI

GENERA

GENERA

TOR DAN

TOR DAN

TRANSFORMATOR

TRANSFORMATOR

BERBASIS REG 216

BERBASIS REG 216

Disusun Oleh : Disusun Oleh : Listrik  2!!" Listrik  2!!"

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FUNGSI PROTEKSI

FUNGSI PROTEKSI

1.

1. MEN

MENDETEK

DETEKSI

SI ADA

ADANY

NYA G

A GANGG

ANGGUAN

UAN ..

2.

2. MEN

MENGIS

GISOLIR

OLIR BAG

BAGIAN

IAN SIST

SISTEM

EM Y

YANG

ANG TERG

TERGANGG

ANGGU

U SEKE

SEKECIL

CIL

MUNGKIN

MUNGKIN DAN

DAN SECEP

SECEPA

AT

T MUNGKIN

MUNGKIN ..

3.

3. MENCEGAH

MENCEGAH KERUSAKAN

KERUSAKAN Y

YANG

ANG LEBIH

LEBIH BESAR

BESAR ..

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(3)

FUNGSI PROTEKSI

FUNGSI PROTEKSI

1.

1. MEN

MENDETEK

DETEKSI

SI ADA

ADANY

NYA G

A GANGG

ANGGUAN

UAN ..

2.

2. MEN

MENGIS

GISOLIR

OLIR BAG

BAGIAN

IAN SIST

SISTEM

EM Y

YANG

ANG TERG

TERGANGG

ANGGU

U SEKE

SEKECIL

CIL

MUNGKIN

MUNGKIN DAN

DAN SECEP

SECEPA

AT

T MUNGKIN

MUNGKIN ..

3.

3. MENCEGAH

MENCEGAH KERUSAKAN

KERUSAKAN Y

YANG

ANG LEBIH

LEBIH BESAR

BESAR ..

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(4)

SIFAT SISTEM PROTEKSI

SIFAT SISTEM PROTEKSI

1

1## S

SE

EL

LE

EK

KT

TIIF

F

2

2## $

$A

AN

ND

DA

AL

L %

% RE

REL

LIA

IAB

BLE

LE &&

'

'## (

(E

EP

PA

AT

T

)

)## S

SE

EN

NS

SIIT

TIIF

F

*

*## E

EK

KO

ON

NO

OM

MIIS

S

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(5)

SELEKTIF

PENGAMAN HARUS DAPAT MEMISAHKAN BAGIAN SISTEM YANG TERGANGGU SEKECIL MUNGKIN , YAITU SEKSI YANG TERGANGGU SAJA YANG MENJADI KAWASAN PENGAMANANNYA .

PENGAMAN YANG DEMIKIAN DISEBUT PENGAMAN YANG “ SELEKTIF “ .

 JADI RELAI HARUS DAPAT MEMBEDAKAN APAKAH GANGGUAN TERLETAK DI DAERAH PENGAMANANNYA [ DIMANA RELAI HARUS BEKERJA DENGAN CEPAT ].

 ATAU DI SEKSI BERIKUTNYA [ DIMANA RELAI KERJA DNGAN TUNDA WAKTU ATAU TIDAK KERJA SAMA SEKALI ] .

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HANDAL (RELIABLE)

1# DEPENDABILIT+ 

YAITU TINGKAT KEPASTIAN BEKERJA, JADI TIDAK BOLEH GAGAL KERJA .

2# SE(,RIT+ 

YAITU TINGKAT KEPASTIAN UNTUK TIDAK SALAH KERJA . SALAH KERJA MENGAKIBATKAN PEMADAMAN YANG

SEHARUSNYA TIDAK PERLU TERJADI .

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CEPAT

1. UNTUK MEMPERKECIL KERUGIAN / KERUSAKAN AKIBAT GANGGUAN MAKA RELAI HARUS BEKERJA SECEPAT MUNGKIN UNTUK MEMISAHKAN BAGIAN SISTEM YANG LAIN .

2. UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SELEKTIITAS MUNGKIN SAJA SUATU PENGAMAN DIBERI TUNDA WAKTU [ TIME DELAY ], NAMUN WAKTU TUNDA HARUS SECEPAT MUNGKIN .

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SENSITIF

PADA PRINSIPNYA RELAI HARUS PEKA , SEHINGGA DAPAT MENDETEKSI GANGGUAN WALAUPUN DALAM KONDISI YANG MEMBERIKAN RANGSANGAN YANG MINIMUM

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(9)

EKONOMIS

DALAM MERANCANG SISTEM PROTEKSI HARUS TETAP

MEMPERHITUNGKAN NILAI KEEKONOMISAN ANTARA SISTEM PROTEKSI  YANG AKAN DIPASANG DENGAN EQUIPMENT YANG DILINDUNGI

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PERANGKAT PROTEKSI

+ --RELAI PROTEKSI PMT CT PMT  TIPPING COIL BATERE Print document

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PERANGKAT PROTEKSI

1# RELAI PENGAMAN

SEBAGAI ELEMEN PERASA / PENGUKUR UNTUK MENDETEKSI GANGGUAN .

2# PEM,T,S TENAGA % PMT &

SEBAGAI PEMUTUS ARUS DALAM SIRKUIT TENAGA UNTUK MELEPAS BAGIAN SISTEM YANG TERGANGGU .

'# TRAFO AR,S DAN ATA, TRAFO TEGANGAN

MENGUBAH BESARNYA ARUS DAN ATAU TEGANGAN DARI SIRKUIT PRIMER KE SIRKUIT SEKUNDER [ RELAI ]

)# BATERE - AKI

SEBAGAI SUMBER TENAGA UNTUK MENTRIPKAN PMT DAN CATU DAYA UNTUK RELAI STATIK DAN RELAI BANTU .

*# .IRING

UNTUK MENGHUBUNGKAN KOMPONEN KOMPONEN PROTEKSI SEHINGGA MENJADI SATU SISTEM .

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(12)

SISTEM PROTEKSI

DI PLTGU MUARA TAWAR

PROTEKSI TURBIN

PROTEKSI GENERATOR

PROTEKSI TRANSFORMATOR

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(13)

PROTEKSI GENERATOR

1! "GA #$G %&F 32 &' &% 2G FIELD GENERATOR CT PT R CT CT #1  " 21 % ' 'BF Print document

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PROTEKSI GENERATOR

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PROTEKSI GENERATOR

1# DIFFERENTIAL !"G

2# RE/ERSE PO.ER #2.1, #2.2

'# ,NDERFRE0,EN(+  !1.1, !1.2, !1.#

)# STATOR GRO,ND FA,LT $%GA&%$'(, $%GA&1))'(, $%GB&1))'(

*# O/ER/OLATGE $%.1, $%.2 6# MINIM,M IMPEDAN(E 21 # LOSS OF E(ITATION *) 3# NEGATI/E SE0,EN(E *+.1, *+.2 "# O/ER(,RRENT-,NDER/OLTAGE $1  1!# /OLTAGE BALAN(E +)

11# ROTOR GRO,ND FA,LT +*F 

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PROTEKSI TRANSFORMATOR

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PROTEKSI TRANSFORMATOR

1# DIFFERENTIAL

!"T 

2# O/ERE(ITATION 4,-5

2*T.1, 2*T.2

'# O/ER(,RRENT

'T 1T

)# M/ B,S GRO,ND FA,LT

$%NB.1, $%NB.2

*# TRANSFORMER GRO,ND FA,LT

$1NT 

6# RESTRI(TED EART$ FA,LT

!"NT 

# B,($OL7

+#T 

3# S,DDEN PRESS,RE

+#TPR

"# .INDING TEMPERAT,RE

*%T 

1!# OIL TEMPERAT,RE

2+T 

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(18)

RELAY DIFFERENTIAL

R CT2 I2 I1 1 2 CT1 KAWASAN PENGAMANAN PRINSIP KER*A RELAY DIFFERENTIAL

 RELAI DIFERENSIAL MEMBANDINGKAN ARUS DALAM BELITAN TRAFO & I1 - I2 (  CT1 - CT2 RASIO NYA SEDEMIKIAN

SEHINGGA ARUS SEKUNDERNYA SAMA  TERJADI ARUS SIRKULASI SELAMA

KONDISI NORMAL ATAU GANGGUAN DI LUAR SEHINGGA TIDAK ADA ARUS YANG MENGALIR PADA RELAI R

 GANGGUAN INTERNAL MENYEBABKAN  ARUS MENGALIR PADA RELAI R

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(19)

RELAY O!ERALL DIFFERENTIAL

G1. 1 52G 52G G1. 2 #$ G #$ G #$T #$T G Print document

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(20)

RELAY DAYA BALIK (RE!ERSE POWER)

F,NGSI :

UNTUK MENDETEKSI ALIRAN DAYA AKTIP YANG MASUK KE GENERATOR. BERUBAHNYA ALIRAN DAYA AKTIP KE ARAH GENERATOR MAKA GENERATOR BEKERJA SEBAGAI MOTOR , KARENA PENGARUH DARI RENDAHNYA INPUT PENGGERAK MULA & PRIME MOER ( .

- SHUTDOWN GT  -'.'1P, /0   ST  -'.''P, /0 1  - GANGGUAN GT  -'.'%P, /0 '.  ST  -'.''P, /0 1  MW M!AR CT PT P+ P-Q+ P+ Q- P- Q-Q+ 1 2 3 & ALIRAN DAYA Print document

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(21)

RELAY UNDER FREQUENCY

F,NGSI :

MENDETEKSI PENURUNAN FREKUENSI, ADA # SETTING 1. UNDER FREUENCY 1 *%,) H  2. UNDER FREUENCY 2 *",$ H 

3.

UNDER FREUENCY # *+,$ H  Print document

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(22)

HARDWARE REG 21%

S455/ U, 21%NG%30 CPU 21%!E%16 ANALOG INPUT 21%EA%16 BINARY OUTPUT 21%AB%10 INPUT7OUTPUT 21%DB%10 Print document

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LOGIC DIAGRAM REG21%

 ANALOG INPUT CPU BINARY OUTPUT INPUT / OUTPUT LOCK-OUT RELAY LOCAL BINARY INPUT Print document

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(24)

 TRIPPING LOGIC

GAS TURBINE ELECTRICAL

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(25)

 TRIPPING LOGIC

STEAM TURBINE ELECTRICAL

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(26)

SOFTWARE REG21%

/ERSI '#2#1

FASILITAS :

8 DOWNLOAD DAN UPLOAD SETTING RELAY PROTEKSI 8 DOWNLOAD EENT LIST &2$+ B0(

8 ONLINE MONITORING &MEASUREMENT ALUE(

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DOWNLOAD E!ENT LIST REG21%

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DOWNLOAD DAN UPLOAD

SETTING REG 21%

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HASIL TEST PROTEKSI GENERATOR

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HASIL TEST PROTEKSI TRANSFORMATOR

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(31)

SARAN

1. UNTUK MEN*AGA KEANDALAN SISTEM PROTEKSI PERLU DILAKUKAN PEMELIHARAAN SECARA PERIODIK 

  TES UN*UK KER*A RELAY PROTEKSI

 INSPEKSI LOKAL (CT PT TERMINASI KONTAK DAN KONTAKTOR)

2. UNTUK MEMPERCEPAT PENYELESAIAN TER*ADINYA GANGGUAN (SINYAL PALSU) DISARANKAN UNTUK MEMILIKI ALAT U*I PROTEKSI SENDIRI.

3. DIBUTUHKAN PERANGKAT DOWNLAOD REG 21% YANG LAYAK DAN MEMADAI (UP-GRADE LAPTOP DAN COMMUNICATION BUS)

&. DIBUTUHKAN MANA*EMEN SPARE YANG BAIK UNTUK CARD-CARD REG 21%

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