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AP

AP 12/English 12/English 111/112 111/112 Alex BondAlex Bond

Major Works Data Sheet Major Works Data Sheet

Page 1 Page 1 Title:

Title: 19841984 Author:

Author: George OrwellGeorge Orwell Date of Publication:

Date of Publication: June 8, 1949June 8, 1949 Genre:

Genre: Dystopian Fiction, Science FictionDystopian Fiction, Science Fiction

Historical information about the setting of the Historical information about the setting of the novel:

novel: 19841984takes place in Airstip One takes place in Airstip One (previously(previously

London, England) in

London, England) in the country of Oceanithe country of Oceania. a. ThisThis setting is among a dystopian future in the year 1984. setting is among a dystopian future in the year 1984. In this alternate future, Big Brother rules dictatorially In this alternate future, Big Brother rules dictatorially over Oceania and sets forth rules and laws that always over Oceania and sets forth rules and laws that always make him

make him just and just and right. right. During thiDuring this time s time Oceania isOceania is at war with Eastasia and Eurasia, the two other  at war with Eastasia and Eurasia, the two other  superpower countries of the world.

superpower countries of the world.

Biographical information about the author:

Biographical information about the author: GeorgeGeorge Orwell is the pen name

Orwell is the pen name of Eric Blair, the author of Eric Blair, the author of politicalof political science allegories like

science allegories like Animal Farm Animal Farmandand19841984..

Works Cited for ALL sources: Works Cited for ALL sources:

Plot Summary:

Plot Summary: This is the story of Winston Smith, a government worker in dystopian socialist Oceania in 1984.This is the story of Winston Smith, a government worker in dystopian socialist Oceania in 1984. Winston is a thoughtcriminal, as the government calls them because of his disbelief in how Big Brother, the leader, Winston is a thoughtcriminal, as the government calls them because of his disbelief in how Big Brother, the leader, runs the world.

runs the world. Winston and his rebellious thoughts lWinston and his rebellious thoughts lead to the illegal action of having sex with Julead to the illegal action of having sex with Julia, another rebel.ia, another rebel. After their affair, an illegal action, they are turned in by a friend of Winston's and are condemned and

After their affair, an illegal action, they are turned in by a friend of Winston's and are condemned and broken down bybroken down by O'Brien a chief thought polic

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Major Works Data Sheet Page 2 Describe the author’s style:

Orwell writes in a very direct and dull manner. His lack of flourish and pampering greatly illustrates the type of  monotonous, gray life a person in future 1984 Oceania lives.

An example that demonstrates the s tyle: He loved Big Brother.

Memorable Quotes

Quote (minimum of five) Significance

He loved Big Brother. Winston has finally been converted to a follower of Big Brother and is now an upstanding citizen.

WAR IS PEACE

FREEDOM IS SLAVERY IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH

This propaganda technique of the government shows exactly how powerful they are. This nonsensical slogan is what is burnt into everyone's minds, except Winston's. Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls

the present controls the past.

Winston writes in his diary that as long as Big Brother  controls and changes information and facts from the past history, the future remains the same.

If there was hope, in lie in the proles. Winston's hope toward a bright future leads him to the prole district where he rents an apartment and takes interest in Mr. Charrington, leading to his capture.

If you want a picture of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face—forever.

O'Brien's vivid quote about the near future for Winston was used in the breaking down and converting of Winston.

Major Works Data Sheet Page 3

Characters

Name Role in the story Significance Adjectives

Winston Smith Winston is the 39 year old

Winston feels like a loner in Oceania because of his hatred

He is intellectual, inquisitive, realistic, and extremely curious.

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protagonist and the point of view from which the story is told.

feelings toward Big Brother. Winston exemplifies a revolt or  revolution against government. Julia Julia is Winston's

companion and lover.

She shows a contrast between Winston's long-term rebellion goals against Big Brother  compared to her short-term ones.

Julia is a young, dark-haired girl of 29 who, although seems like an

upstanding citizen, greatly enjoys sex and rebellion.

Mr. Charrington A undercover   Thought

Policeman who runs a shop in the prole district.

Although sincere and

encouraging to Winston at first, Mr. Charrington turns Winston and Julia in, leading to their  capture.

Mr. Charrington is nostalgic and interesting as well as conniving and greedy.

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Significant Literary Devices Significance of the opening scene Allegories, metaphors, and flashbacks are prominent

devices used in1984. Orwell relates the future dystopia

to that of dictator-ruled Russia during the 1940s. By relating what has happened in his future world to what is starting to happen in Russia, Orwell creates an eerie aura around the government-watched world we live in. Also, Orwell brilliantly gives the background as to what has happened in Oceania by using “The Book” to explain the world's history. In doing so, Orwell is not dependent on remedial ways of directly saying what happened.

The opening scene of 1984reveals a small amount about

Winston Smith, the protagonist, and the world h e lives in. The story wastes no time in revealing the plot and

Winston's true feelings about Big Brother as it describes his illegal act of writing in a diary. In doing so, Winston has committed thoughtcrime, an act he does throughout the novel and leads him into his capture.

Symbols

Significance of the ending/closing scene

The most prominent symbols of  1984are that of Big

Brother and Goldstein. Big Brother represents all that is  just and good, ironic to his totalitarian nature, while

Goldstein represents what is bad and truly evil in the world. Goldstein is used as a symbol in the novel for  the Two Minutes Hate in which his revolutionary motives are frowned upon by the government and the community. A common thought among critics and readers is the possibility that Big Brother and Goldstein are not real people at all, but merely propaganda to the truly oligarchical government. By using Goldstein, the government exemplifies how “good” Big Brother actually is.

Winston sits and thinks about his life now compared to that of before his capture. He realizes his sexual affair  with Julia is repulsive and that “2+2=5”. These thoughts and his newfound love for Big Brother show that he has finally been converted to a good, sound citizen of Oceania.

Possible Themes

1984has a wide range of themes and elements that make it the greatly influential novel that it is. At the forefront of 

these themes is that of complete and utter totalitarianism. Throughout the work Orwell weaves this story about the life under totalitarian rule in the very near future. In doing so, he creates this world in which everything and

everybody is controlled by the government, similar to that of the novel's respective time period except to an extent that creates fear and skepticism in the reader. In illustrating this leeway to which the government has control, Orwell notifies the audience that this is the future we could be living in if all power resided in the political authorities. The other 

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English 12 AP Summer Reading Rubric

Charts arecomplete 1 2 3 4 5

Charts show evidence of careful reading and thinking 1 2 3 4 5 Chosen quotes include page numbers and are significant for each novel 1 2 3 4 5 Major characters and their motivations are well understood 1 2 3 4 5 Information on the chart is accurate for each novel 1 2 3 4 5 Insights about each novel are well supported with evidence 1 2 3 4 5

Summaries are concise and accurate 1 2 3 4 5

Responses are well written with accurate word choice, sentence fluency,

andorganization 1 2 3 4 5

Responses are written in complete sentences 1 2 3 4 5 Responses use proper spelling, punctuation and usage 1 2 3 4 5 Responses are neat and easy to read 1 2 3 4 5 Works Cited info is completed; sources are cited within the student

responses. 1 2 3 4 5

Total points earned:

Total possible points: 60 *Summer Reading grade is equal to the total points earned divided by the total possible points. **This will count as 20% of the student’s first six weeks’ grade.

References

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