China s Civil Aviation at a Glance. Yike Qin, Commercial Officer Trade Council of Denmark in China

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Yike Qin, Commercial Officer

Trade Council of Denmark in China

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1. China’s Civil Aviation at a Glance

• 1.1 Stakeholders – authority

The Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC; simplified Chinese: 中国民用航空局) is the aviation authority (vice-ministry-level) under the Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China. It oversees civil aviation and investigates aviation accidents and incidents. As the aviation authority responsible for China, it concludes civil aviation agreements with other aviation authorities, including those of the Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China which are categorized as "special domestic".

CAAC's mission is to "enforce the unified supervision and regulation on the civil aviation activities of the whole country, and in accordance with laws and State Council's decisions, to issue regulations and decisions concerning civil aviation activities within its jurisdiction".

The agency is headquartered in Dongcheng District, Beijing.

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1. China’s Civil Aviation at a glance

• 1.2 Stakeholders – airlines

CAAC as an airline

CAAC began operating scheduled domestic flights to cities in China in 1949

Separation of CAAC’s airline operations

In 1987, CAAC's airline operations split into 6 separate airlines each named after the geographic region of the location of their headquarters and main operation areas:

Air China (which inherited the IATA and ICAO code of the original CAAC),

China Southwest Airlines (merged with Air China in 2002, originally based in Chengdu) China Eastern Airlines (based in Shanghai)

China Northwest Airlines (merged with China Eastern in 2002, originally based in Xi'an) China Southern Airlines (based in Guangzhou)

China Northern Airlines (merged with China Southern in 2003, originally based in Shenyang)3

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1. China’s Civil Aviation at a glance

• 1.2 Stakeholders – airlines

In this report, airlines in China means those with a current Air Operator Certificate issued by the CAAC. The official list of passenger airlines in China can be accessed here (in Chinese)

http://www.caac.gov.cn/GYMH/MHGK/HKGS/

The list of licensed General Aviation companies can also be accessed in above link by clicking the switching tap in the middle. List of Passenger Airlines in China can be accessed in Wikipedia in English

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_airlines_of_China

List of Passenger Airlines in China by year of commenced operation (see next page)

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1. China’s Civil Aviation at a glance

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1. China’s Civil Aviation at a glance

• 1.3 Stakeholders – airports

In this report, airports stands for civil airports in China which have a license issued by the CAAC. The official list of civil airports in China can be accessed here (in Chinese)

http://www.caac.gov.cn/GYMH/MHGK/MYJC/

The list of licensed General Aviation airports can also be accessed in above link by clicking the switching tap in the middle

List of Passenger Airlines in China can be accessed in Wikipedia in English

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_airlines_of_China

List busiest airports in China in 2015* (see next page for English version)

*Source: http://www.caac.gov.cn/XXGK/XXGK/TJSJ/201603/P020160331391016414029.xls

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1. China’s Civil Aviation at a glance

• 1.3 Stakeholders – airports

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_the_busiest_airports_in_China #2015_final_statistics

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1. China’s Civil Aviation at a glance

• 1.3 Stakeholders – airports

Figure: Number of Airports with Passenger Traffic Exceeding 1 Million in 2015

Figure: Number of Airports in Regions in 2015

*Source: Statistical Bulletin of Civil Aviation Industry Development in 2015, Sep 2016, CAAC 8

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1. China’s Civil Aviation at a glance

• 1.4 Stakeholders – information providers

Incorporated in October 2002, China TravelSky Holding

Company is a solely-state-owned high-tech enterprise that is

specialized in providing information service for air travel and tourism industry. It is a central enterprise administrated by State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the

State Council. Its predecessor is Civil Aviation Computer

Information (CACI) Center that has a history of over 30 years.

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1. China’s Civil Aviation at a glance

• 1.4 Stakeholders – information providers

TravelSky is headquartered in Beijing, and at home and abroad, the Group has more than 6,000 employees and approximately 60 subsidiaries and shareholding companies that are not controlled by the Group.

As a leading provider of information technology and commercial service in China’s air travel and tourism industry, TravelSky’s has been honoured as “the nerve that controls the operation of civil aviation” by industry and media. The information system it operates is listed as one of the major eight key systems supervised by the State Council.

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1. China’s Civil Aviation at a glance

• 1.5 Stakeholders – passengers

In 2015, the whole industry transported 436.18 million passengers, up by 11.3% from a year earlier. 394.11 million passengers were transported on domestic routes, up by 9.4%, including 10.2 million on Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan routes, up by 1.4%; the international routes saw a passenger traffic of 42.07 million, up by 33.3% from 2014.

In 2015, the civil aviation transport airports nationwide realized 8 565 500 flight movements, up by 8.0% from 2014.

In 2015, there were 70 transport airports with a passenger traffic of over 1 million, among which, the airports in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou contributed 27.3% of the total passenger traffic.

In 2015, Beijing Capital International Airport posted a traffic of 90 million passengers, staying at the second place in the world for six straight years

*Source: Statistical Bulletin of Civil Aviation Industry Development in 2015, Sep 2016, CAAC 11

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1. China’s Civil Aviation at a glance

• 1.5 Stakeholders – passengers

Figure: Passenger Traffic of China Civil Aviation 2011-2015

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1. China’s Civil Aviation at a glance

• 1.6 Transport Aircraft Fleet

By the end of 2015, the civil aviation industry had 2 650 registered transport aircraft, 280 more than that in 2014.

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1. China’s Civil Aviation at a glance

• 1.7 Route network

Number of Air Routes and Mileage Covered by Scheduled Flight in China 2015

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1. China’s Civil Aviation at a glance

• 1.8 Foreign Relations

By the end of 2015, China had already signed 118 bilateral air service agreements with other countries or regions, up by 2 from 2014, including 43 in Asia (including ASEAN), 24 in Africa, 36 in Europe, 9 in Americas and 5 in Oceania.

The full text of bilateral Civil Air Transport Agreement between the Government of the Kingdom of Denmark and the Government of the People’s Republic of China can be accessed below:

http://tradeinservices.mofcom.gov.cn/en/b/1973-05-18/15020.shtml

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