Intelligent CCTV

47 

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(1)

ROLE OF CCTV FOR

BETTER SECURITY

MANAGEMENT

(2)

CURRENT PURPOSE

TO MONITOR THE MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE

AND VEHICLES IN SPECIFIED AREAS, AND

MAINTAIN

A

RECORD

OF

VIDEO

INFORMATION FROM ALL OR SPECIFIED

CAMERA LOCATIONS.

(3)

CROSS FUNCTIONAL

USEAGE OF CCTV

• Security

– Perimeter

– Entry Control

– Parking

– Building Control

– Process

• Safety

– Fire alarm

(4)
(5)
(6)

• Protective

enclosure

• colour cameras

with its housing

• Lighting

• Initiates image

capturing

process and

transmission to

the Receiving

Station

Embedded UV System

Light & system

on when vehicle

passes through

(7)

Colour Undercarriage Image Displayed For Inspection

(8)
(9)
(10)

3D Facial Recognition Devices

Traditional Cameras and Lights

(11)
(12)

Research has shown that:

after approximately 12 minutes of continuous viewing of 2 or more

sequencing monitors, operators can miss up to 45% of scene activity

after 22 minutes, operators miss up to 95% of scene activity

Effectiveness

Operator

Effectiveness

Time

The Biggest Challenge of Traditional Surveillance

Systems is the "Human Factor"

(13)
(14)

ADVENT OF IP CCTV COMPARED TO THE

ANALOG SOLUTION

CO-EXISTENCE OF ANALOG WITH IP CCTV –

HYBRID SOLUTIONS

(15)

Multi camera viewing station

WAN

t Data base Server Video

Recording Server

IP CAMERA SYSTEM – TYPICAL ARCHITECTURE

Fixed outdoor Dome IP camera Fixed Indoor Dome IP camera Network Switch Audio In / Out Fixed outdoor Dome Analog camera Video encoder

LAN

Video Recording Server PTZ Indoor / Outdoor Dome analog camera

(16)

(2) Server

authenticates

user & allows

session

Live viewing

(1) Operator

requests to view

LIVE images

(3) Live images streamed

LAN

WAN

ADSL

Images

displayed to

operator

(17)

(3) Recorded

images retrieved

from DNVR

View Recording

(1) Operator

requests to view

RECORDED

images

(2) Server

authenticates

user & allows

session

LAN

WAN

ADSL

Images

displayed to

operator

Client Workstation

(18)

VIDEO ANALYTICS

 Mostly CCTV is used

as a reactive measure

 Now it is becoming

(19)

Detection - Zone (Motion Detection Area)

Motion

Detection

Zone

It can be linked with D-PTZ

Message

Print

(20)

Detection – Secure Area

Configured

Secure area

with free dotting

User can configure the motion detection area

with

free dotting

Alarm

(21)

Detection – Face Detection

Alarm

Message Print

(22)

Detection – Motion Trace

Alarm

Message Print

(23)

Improved WDR

Contrast dramatically improved in low luminance area

Wide dynamic range environment

(24)

Back Light Compensation - EHLC

Normal Image

EHLC

BLC operation is performed when the weighting

on the low brightness side is increased

Excessive lighting compensation is performed

when the weighting on the high-brightness side is increased.

Clipping

brightness

Weighting on

low-luminance side

(25)

Back Light Masking

Mask Area

(26)

Counting

 Statistical analysis

Ability to Count Multiple

Directions

Traffic-flow Analysis and

Reporting

(27)

Behaviour Analysis

Slip & Fall / “Man-Down” Detection

– Public liability minimization

– Allows immediate assistance &

preventative action

• Detection of Suspicious Behavior

– Loitering, Running

(28)

Crowd management

Crowd Management

Traffic Management

Ability to set a

numerical threshold

– Alerts staff if threshold

is reached

– Detects overcrowding

/ congestion

(29)

Non-motion detection

Detects static changes to a scene

Ignores motion

Can work in crowded and busy

environments

Detects smaller objects & invisible objects

in low contrast

(30)

Detection – Absent Detection

When the motion is detected, scan the overall image and

find the object disappeared

Alarm

Message Print

Draw Absent

Area

(31)

Detection – Scene Change

Detect the damage to watching image.

Spray, Out of focus, Screen the camera lens, Changing sight …

(32)
(33)
(34)
(35)

What is Mega Pixel

Class

Resolution

Pixels

VGA

640x480

0.3MP

HDTV 720p

1280x720

0.9MP

1.3MP

1280x1024

1.3MP

2MP

1600x1200

2MP

HDTV 1080p

1920x1080

2.1MP

3MP

2048x1536

3MP

5MP

2592x1944

5MP

8MP

6400x1200

8MP

10MP

3648x2752

10MP

(36)

Teller benefits – Mega Pixel

A local bank was robbed for

50 lakhs. The video from their

Analog/VGA camera could not

provide forensic evidence.

To ensure this would not happen

again, they installed megapixel

cameras with enough detail to

convict the person.

ANALOG / VGA

B

E

F

O

R

E

3MP Camera

A

F

T

E

R

COST BENEFIT

Analog /VGA

Megapixel

$0

Cost Benefit

50 lakhs

(37)

Implementing Megapixel

5.0 MP 2592x1944

3.1 MP

2048x1536

2.0 MP

1600x1200

1.3 MP

1280x1024

VGA

640x480

(38)

Increase Coverage

(CIF – 320 x 240)

(VGA – 640 x 480)

(D1 – 720 x 480)

(HDTV 1 – 1280 x 720)

(1.3 M-pix – 1280 x 1024)

(2 M-pix – 1600 x 1200)

(HDTV 2 – 1920 x 1080)

(3 M-pix – 2048 x 1536)

(5 M-pix – 2592 x 1944)

720x480

38

(39)
(40)

CCTV IN A VITAL CROSS

FUNCTIONAL ROLE

(41)

INTELLIGENT BUILDING

Fire

Emergency Communication

(42)

Integration … the problem

Many of these systems has to be connected …

But sometimes it may end up in a chaos …

Notrufsäule Fire safety Video

management Access control Building comfort Traffic Flight infor-mation dis-play system Communi-cation

Sigenio Smoke and fire detection Evacuation Operation control Extinguishing Video Perimeter surveillance Access control Door control Intrusion detection Building automation Building management Energy management Lighting control Fleet management Telephony Radio technology DAKS Mobile radio technology PA Traffic solutions Smoke and fire

detection Evacuation Operation control Extinguishing Fire safety Access control Door control Intrusion detection Building automation Access control Address data Roster systems Map data Inquiry Systems Ext. Databases Telephony Radio technology Mobile radio technology Traffic management Traffic situation Rule Engine Resource Proposal Alarm Plan Situation driven Measure handling Video Surveillance Intelligent Video 911 112 100 Communi-cation Traffic Decision Support Video management Emergency Calls

(43)

Integration … the solution

Use an integration platform …

… with optimal standard protocol interfaces!

Integrated Platform

Smoke and fire detection Evacuation Operation control Fire safety Access control Door control Intrusion detection Access control Address data Roster systems Map data Inquiry Systems Ext. Databases Telephony Radio technology Mobile radio technology Traffic management Traffic situation Rule Engine Resource Proposal AlarmPlan Situation driven Measure handling Video Surveillance Intelligent Video 911 112 100 Communi-cation Traffic Decision Support Video management Emergency Calls

(44)

Integration … the solution

Use an integration platform …

… with optimal standard protocol interfaces!

Integrated Platform

Smoke and fire detection Evacuation Operation control Fire safety Access control Door control Intrusion detection Access control Address data Roster systems Map data Inquiry Systems Ext. Databases Telephony Radio technology DAKS Mobile radio technology Fleet management Flight Information Traffic situation Rule Engine Resource Proposal Alarm Plan Situation driven Measure handling Video Surveillance Intelligent Video Sigenio Poles 911 112 Communi-cation Traffic Decision Support Video management Emergency Calls

(45)

Integration Security Platform

Integrated Platform

Emergency

Calls Fire safety

Video management Access control Decision Support Traffic Ext. Databases Communi-cation Sigenio Poles 911 112

Smoke and fire detection Evacuation Operation control Video Surveillance Intelligent Video Access control Door control Intrusion detection Rule Engine Resource Proposal Alarm Plan Situation driven Measure handling Fleet management Flight Information Traffic situation Address data Roster systems Map data Inquiry Systems Telephony Radio technology DAKS Mobile radio technology

Situational

Awareness

Resources

Communication

Incident- , situation- and policy management

Decision

Support

(46)

Integrated Platform

Integrated Management System

Emergency

Calls Fire safety

Video management Access control Decision Support Traffic Ext. Databases Communi-cation 911 112 100

Smoke and fire detection Evacuation Operation control Video Surveillance Intelligent Video Access control Door control Intrusion detection Rule Engine Resource Proposal Alarm Plan Situation driven Measure handling Traffic management Traffic situation Address data Roster systems Map data Inquiry Systems Telephony Radio technology Public Address Mobile radio technology

Situational

Awareness

Decision

Support

Resources

Communication

Event handling

(47)

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