Italian Experiences in the Management of Dangerous Goods Transport

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EasyWay – 2008 EasyWay – 2008

Italian Experiences

in the Management

of Dangerous

Goods Transport

Luca Studer,

Laboratory for Mobility and Transport, Politecnico di Milano,

Dep. INDACO UdR DIS

Elena Caprile, Giovanna Marchionni, Marco Ponti, Giovanni Rainoldi

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The TRAMP project (Telecontrollo del Rischio

nell'Autotrasporto di Merci Pericolose -

Remote Hazard Control in Road

Transportation of Dangerous Materials)

Supported by the Italian Civil Protection Department as Research Group for transport

management and road safety

•Phase 1: general architecture,

•Phase 2: prototype of the TRAMP System.

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EasyWay 2008 – Italy EasyWay 2008 – Italy TRAMP: Objectives

To allow the public authority in charge of the realization and management of the Control and Coordination Centre to reach the

following results:

• to know in real time the number,

position and behavior of the vehicles;

• to be promptly informed about the

coming out of possible hazard conditions;

• to act quickly and correctly in case of

any accident;

• to provide the transportation operators

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EasyWay 2008 – Italy EasyWay 2008 – Italy Definition of Risk R = Probability x Consequences

Need to define the event, the causes and estimate the consequences

Definition of RISK INDICATORS

Risk Analysis

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TRAMP: Risk Mitigation

Actions for risk mitigation (1/2)

• the preventive risk analysis of each single

transportation activity and the planning of travels, by assigning each travel to the

route that minimizes the risk of accident (probability and consequences);

• Monitoring (real time) of the vehicle and

the transported load during the whole travel;

• the activation of suitable rescue procedures

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Actions for risk mitigation (2/2)

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Risk analysis : IPM module

Static

Databases Dynamic Databases

Creation of the risk indexes

Indication of the minimum risk path Intersection with the shapes Generation of dissimilar paths

Creation of the risk indexes in shapes files format

Evaluation module: AMC

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EasyWay 2008 – Italy EasyWay 2008 – Italy TRAMP: Equipment

The TRAMP System Prototype equipment:

•a localization system (GPS);

•sensors to control the status of the load by

measuring some characteristic parameters; information to be sent to a on-board control unit recording the information;

•a deceleration sensor;

•an inclinometer (anomalous inclinations);

•telecommunication devices for remote data

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TRAMP: System Architecture

Local Operative Centre (COP) Local Operative Centre (COP) Control and Coordination Centre (CCC) CCC - Institution COP – Company Vehicles

Minimum risk path definition

Operative indications transmission Information transmission

Damage scenarios generation Emergency activation

Transport activity planning

Vehicles monitoring

Load monitoring

Localization and monitoring

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1. Simulation of a light emergency:

opening of the hatchback during transport

2. Simulation of a serious emergency:

truck overturning and involvement of the transported load

TRAMP: Test, Lecco Italy Emergency simulations

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EasyWay 2008 – Italy EasyWay 2008 – Italy SNSTMP Project

(Sperimentazione di un sistema Nazionale di

Sicurezza per il Trasporto di Merci Pericolose

- Test of a National System for safe

Dangerous Good Transportation), funded by the Italian Ministry of Infrastructure

and Transportation

a collaboration among MIT, Lombardy

Region, ENI Group and Politecnico di Milano.

Ministero delle Infrastrutture e dei Trasporti Direzione Generale per i Sistemi Informativi

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Trip Identification Code

Web

Trip Code Number Trips Control Centre DB

Data entry Trip Sheet

Trip Sheet Information

Control Centre

Fleet manager

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Test exercise with around 100 vehicles

transporting hazardous material in Lombardy equipped with sensors and technologies able to inform the Control Centre about

•their position on the road network, •their speed,

•the quantity and status of transported

material, (warning of the operators in case of anomalies/emergencies).

These information are matched with the Risk Analysis results

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Utilità complessiva per GPL 0.0 - 0.2 - Rischio elevato 0.2 - 0.4 - Rischio molto alto 0.4 - 0.6 - Rischio alto 0.6 - 0.8 - Rischio abbastanza alto 0.8 - 1.0 - Rischio più che moderato 1.0 - 1.2 - Rischio moderato 1.2 - 1.4 - Rischio abbastanzaa moderato 1.4 - 1.6 - Rischio basso

1.6 - 1.8 - Rischio molto basso 1.8 - 2.0 - Rischio quasi nullo

LPG

FUEL

Utilità complessiva per benzina 0.0 - 0.2 - Rischio elevato 0.2 - 0.4 - Rischio molto alto 0.4 - 0.6 - Rischio alto 0.6 - 0.8 - Rischio abbastanza alto 0.8 - 1.0 - Rischio più che moderato 1.0 - 1.2 - Rischio moderato 1.2 - 1.4 - Rischio abbastanzaa moderato 1.4 - 1.6 - Rischio basso 1.6 - 1.8 - Rischio molto basso 1.8 - 2.0 - Rischio quasi nullo

SNSTMP: Risk Assessment and Mapping

• Population • Land use • Historic Incidents • Historic Traffic Risk Indicators Static Dynamic • Real-time Incidents • Real-time Traffic • Weather Conditions •Infomobility services

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SNSTMP: Emergency Management (alerts)

Emergency event: sudden deceleration or inclination of the vehicle

Possible Emergency event: excessive speed of the vehicle, excessive temperature of

braking system, anomalous parameters of the load (temp., pressure), events indicated by the driver

Approaching of sensible stretches

(interruptions, tunnels, bad weather)

Approaching of congested links or presence of other dangerous goods (infomobility

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• The system works (Trip ID, Risk

Management, Monitoring and Emergency Management)

• The number of involved vehicles should

grow;

• Open question: how to handle foreign or

non-equipped HGVs;

• Need for international cooperation and test

experiences (exchange of approaches)

• Need discussion about standardization

Conclusion

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Thank You for your attention

For any questions contact

luca.studer@polimi.it

Tel: +39 02 23995848

Web-site: www.trasporti.polimi.it

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