THE AFFORDABLE VERTICAL GARDEN DESIGN AS GREEN ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPTS FOR SOCIAL - ECONOMY IMPROVEMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION

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]FG ENNIXMEHCG ^GX]LAEC @EXMGK MGQL@K EQ

]FG ENNIXMEHCG ^GX]LAEC @EXMGK MGQL@K EQ

@XGGK EXAFL]GA]WXEC AIKAGZ]Q NIX QIALEC /

@XGGK EXAFL]GA]WXEC AIKAGZ]Q NIX QIALEC /

GAIKIO\ LOZXI^GOGK] EKM ACLOE]G AFEK@G

GAIKIO\ LOZXI^GOGK] EKM ACLOE]G AFEK@G

OL]L@E]LIK

OL]L@E]LIK

Quwekml# Gvektl Ekmrlekl$# Quferti# Ogrry$$# Qutekti# Cusleke $$$#

Quwekml# Gvektl Ekmrlekl$# Quferti# Ogrry$$# Qutekti# Cusleke $$$#

]ekuwlmdede# @ukewek$$$$

]ekuwlmdede# @ukewek$$$$

$, Qtumgkts in Erafltgaturg Zri`reo Qtumy# Zgtre Afrlstlek Wklvgrslty

$, Qtumgkts in Erafltgaturg Zri`reo Qtumy# Zgtre Afrlstlek Wklvgrslty

$$, Qtumgkts in Erafltgaturg Zri`reo Qtumy# Zgtre Afrlstlek Wklvgrslty

$$, Qtumgkts in Erafltgaturg Zri`reo Qtumy# Zgtre Afrlstlek Wklvgrslty

$$$, Qtumgkts in ]ex

$$$, Qtumgkts in ]ex Eaaiuktlk` Zri`reo Qtumy# Zgtre Afrlstlek Wklvgrslty

Eaaiuktlk` Zri`reo Qtumy# Zgtre Afrlstlek Wklvgrslty

$$$$, Erafltgaturg Zri`reo Qtumy# Zgtre Afrlstlek

$$$$, Erafltgaturg Zri`reo Qtumy# Zgtre Afrlstlek Wklvgrslty#

Wklvgrslty#

G/oelc4

G/oelc4 `uktgJpgtg

`uktgJpgtgr+pgtre+ea+lm#

r+pgtre+ea+lm# `uktglthJye

`uktglthJyefii+aio

fii+aio

EHQ]XEA]

EHQ]XEA]

 Lkmikgsle ls

 Lkmikgsle ls bkiwk ebkiwk es ek s ek e`rlaucturg stetg wltf e`rlaucturg stetg wltf ehukmekt nerolk` ehukmekt nerolk` arips# nirgst arips# nirgst ekm ekm 

 pcektetliks

 pcektetliks arips# arips# ekm ekm suppirtgm suppirtgm tfg tfg oedirlty oedirlty nerolk` nerolk` aiooukltlgs“ aiooukltlgs“ clvgclfiims+clvgclfiims+

]fg trgkm in e`rlaucturg mgvgcipogkt wes flkmgrgm hy cloltgm pgipcg lktgrgstgm lk ]fg trgkm in e`rlaucturg mgvgcipogkt wes flkmgrgm hy cloltgm pgipcg lktgrgstgm lk tfg e`rlaucturg aerggrs2 hgaeusg in tfg pgragptlik in innlag dihs wgrg hgttgr tfek tfg tfg e`rlaucturg aerggrs2 hgaeusg in tfg pgragptlik in innlag dihs wgrg hgttgr tfek tfg e`rlaucturg ikgs+ ]fg ukhecekagm mgvgcipogkt in urhek erges ecsi argetgm innlag e`rlaucturg ikgs+ ]fg ukhecekagm mgvgcipogkt in urhek erges ecsi argetgm innlag hulcmlk`s# sfipplk` agktgrs# fiuslk`s# rgmuagm `rggk erge rgmuatlik# ecsi oirg hulcmlk`s# sfipplk` agktgrs# fiuslk`s# rgmuagm `rggk erge rgmuatlik# ecsi oirg trennla deos ekm piccutliks+ ]fgrgnirg# tfg ennirmehcg vgrtlaec `ermgk wes kggmgm ti trennla deos ekm piccutliks+ ]fgrgnirg# tfg ennirmehcg vgrtlaec `ermgk wes kggmgm ti rgpceag tfg firlziktec `ermgk+

rgpceag tfg firlziktec `ermgk+  Fiwgvgr#

 Fiwgvgr# vgrtlaec vgrtlaec `ermgk `ermgk wes wes kit kit gesy gesy ti ti oelktelk oelktelk hgaeusg hgaeusg in in lts lts mlnnlauct mlnnlauct 

auctlvetlik priagss+ Hgaeusg in tfet# tfg lkkivetlik in wetgrlk` systgo wltfiut  auctlvetlik priagss+ Hgaeusg in tfet# tfg lkkivetlik in wetgrlk` systgo wltfiut  oesslvg fuoek lktgrvgktlik wes kggmgm+ Qiog primuats wgrg mgvgcipgm hy Ektikli oesslvg fuoek lktgrvgktlik wes kggmgm+ Qiog primuats wgrg mgvgcipgm hy Ektikli Qiog primuats wgrg mgvgcipgm hy Ektikli Qaerpikl ekm LBGE Qwltzgrcekm# @rggk Qiog primuats wgrg mgvgcipgm hy Ektikli Qaerpikl ekm LBGE Qwltzgrcekm# @rggk ivgr @rgyℨ# ^gspri Lka# ekm Lkmi`rggkwecc2 hut tfg primuat prlags wgrg tii fl`f ivgr @rgyℨ# ^gspri Lka# ekm Lkmi`rggkwecc2 hut tfg primuat prlags wgrg tii fl`f  nir Lkmikgsle+ ]fgrgnirg# e oirg en

 nir Lkmikgsle+ ]fgrgnirg# e oirg ennirmehcg vgrtlaec `ermgk mgsl`k ls prinirmehcg vgrtlaec `ermgk mgsl`k ls pripisgm+pisgm+

]fg fymripikla ogmle ecsi wes mlnnlauct ti nlkm+ ]fgrgnirg e kiroec ogmle ]fg fymripikla ogmle ecsi wes mlnnlauct ti nlkm+ ]fgrgnirg e kiroec ogmle aikslstlk` in ngrtlclzgr# silc ekm `revgc aiucm hg lktrimuagm nir oirg ennirmehcg aikslstlk` in ngrtlclzgr# silc ekm `revgc aiucm hg lktrimuagm nir oirg ennirmehcg  prlag+

 prlag+ Ekm Ekm oirg oirg pgipcg pgipcg wgrg wgrg lktgrgstgm lktgrgstgm ti ti `riw `riw nrult nrult ir ir vg`gtehcgs vg`gtehcgs arips arips ti ti oggt oggt 

melcy kggms &lopeats in sialec ekm gaikiola espgats,+ Nurtfgroirg# tfg melcy kggms &lopeats in sialec ekm gaikiola espgats,+ Nurtfgroirg# tfg loprivgogkt in egstfgtlas# ekm piccutlik rgmuatliks wiucm hg primuagm &olklolzg loprivgogkt in egstfgtlas# ekm piccutlik rgmuatliks wiucm hg primuagm &olklolzg tfg lopeat in `cihec werolk` ekm acloetg afek`g,+ Cestcy# tfg vgrtlaec `rggkgry ls tfg lopeat in `cihec werolk` ekm acloetg afek`g,+ Cestcy# tfg vgrtlaec `rggkgry ls `ilk` ti hg lktg`retgm lk fiusg neaemg mgsl`k ekm suppcylk` melcy vg`gtehcg `ilk` ti hg lktg`retgm lk fiusg neaemg mgsl`k ekm suppcylk` melcy vg`gtehcg aiksuoptlik+

aiksuoptlik+  Bgywirms4

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LK]XIMWA]LIK

LK]XIMWA]LIK

Lkmikgsle ls bkiwk es ek e`rlaucturg stetg wltf ehukmekt nerolk` arips# nirgst ekm Lkmikgsle ls bkiwk es ek e`rlaucturg stetg wltf ehukmekt nerolk` arips# nirgst ekm pcektetliks arips# ekm suppirtgm tfg oedirlty nerolk` aiooukltlgs“ clvgclfiims+ ]fg pcektetliks arips# ekm suppirtgm tfg oedirlty nerolk` aiooukltlgs“ clvgclfiims+ ]fg trgkm in e`rlaucturg mgvgcipogkt wes flkmgrgm hy cloltgm pgipcg lktgrgstgm lk tfg trgkm in e`rlaucturg mgvgcipogkt wes flkmgrgm hy cloltgm pgipcg lktgrgstgm lk tfg e`rlaucturg aerggrs2 hgaeusg in tfg pgragptlik in innlag dihs wgrg hgttgr tfek tfg e`rlaucturg aerggrs2 hgaeusg in tfg pgragptlik in innlag dihs wgrg hgttgr tfek tfg e`rlaucturg ikgs+ ]fg ukhecekagm mgvgcipogkt in urhek erges ecsi argetgm innlag e`rlaucturg ikgs+ ]fg ukhecekagm mgvgcipogkt in urhek erges ecsi argetgm innlag hulcmlk`s# sfipplk` agktgrs# fiuslk`s# rgmuagm `rggk erge rgmuatlik# ecsi oirg hulcmlk`s# sfipplk` agktgrs# fiuslk`s# rgmuagm `rggk erge rgmuatlik# ecsi oirg trennla deos ekm piccutliks+ ]fgrgnirg# tfg ennirmehcg vgrtlaec `ermgk wes kggmgm ti trennla deos ekm piccutliks+ ]fgrgnirg# tfg ennirmehcg vgrtlaec `ermgk wes kggmgm ti rgpceag tfg firlziktec `ermgk+

rgpceag tfg firlziktec `ermgk+

Fiwgvgr# vgrtlaec `ermgk wes kit gesy ti oelktelk hgaeusg in lts mlnnlauct auctlvetlik Fiwgvgr# vgrtlaec `ermgk wes kit gesy ti oelktelk hgaeusg in lts mlnnlauct auctlvetlik priagss+ Hgaeusg in tfet# tfg lkkivetlik in wetgrlk` systgo wltfiut oesslvg fuoek priagss+ Hgaeusg in tfet# tfg lkkivetlik in wetgrlk` systgo wltfiut oesslvg fuoek lktgrvgktlik wes kggmgm+ Qiog primuats wgrg mgvgcipgm hy Ektikli Qaerpikl ekm lktgrvgktlik wes kggmgm+ Qiog primuats wgrg mgvgcipgm hy Ektikli Qaerpikl ekm LBGE Qwltzgrcekm &fttp4))www+aikagptuecmgvlags+aio)8:58):<)gcliii/`riw/yiur/ LBGE Qwltzgrcekm &fttp4))www+aikagptuecmgvlags+aio)8:58):<)gcliii/`riw/yiur/ niim/ir/fiw/ti/`i/ti/lbge'A8'EG/ekm/hulcm/e/mgvlag/ti/`riw/secem/lk/yiur/ niim/ir/fiw/ti/`i/ti/lbge'A8'EG/ekm/hulcm/e/mgvlag/ti/`riw/secem/lk/yiur/ epertogkt),

epertogkt),5522 @rggk ivgr @rgyℨ &fttp4))`rggkivgr`rgy+aio)lkmgx+pfp,@rggk ivgr @rgyℨ &fttp4))`rggkivgr`rgy+aio)lkmgx+pfp,882 ^gspri Lka2 ^gspri Lka

&fttp4))www+vgsprilka+aio)lkmgx+fto,

&fttp4))www+vgsprilka+aio)lkmgx+fto,112 2 Lkmi`rggkweccLkmi`rggkwecc

&fttp4))www+lkmi`rggkwecc+aio),

&fttp4))www+lkmi`rggkwecc+aio),==2 hut tfg primuat prlags wgrg tii fl`f nir2 hut tfg primuat prlags wgrg tii fl`f nir

Lkmikgsle+ ]fgrgnirg# e oirg ennirmehcg vgrtlaec `ermgk mgsl`k ls pripisgm+ Lkmikgsle+ ]fgrgnirg# e oirg ennirmehcg vgrtlaec `ermgk mgsl`k ls pripisgm+

]fg fymripikla ogmle ecsi wes mlnnlauct ti nlkm+ ]fgrgnirg e kiroec ogmle ]fg fymripikla ogmle ecsi wes mlnnlauct ti nlkm+ ]fgrgnirg e kiroec ogmle aikslstlk` in ngrtlclzgr# silc ekm `revgc aiucm hg lktrimuagm nir oirg enni

aikslstlk` in ngrtlclzgr# silc ekm `revgc aiucm hg lktrimuagm nir oirg enni rmehcg prlag+rmehcg prlag+

Ekm oirg pgipcg wgrg lktgrgstgm ti `riw nrult ir vg`gtehcgs arips ti oggt melcy Ekm oirg pgipcg wgrg lktgrgstgm ti `riw nrult ir vg`gtehcgs arips ti oggt melcy kggms &lopeats in sialec ekm gaikiola espgats,+ Nurtfgroirg# tfg loprivgogkt in  kggms &lopeats in sialec ekm gaikiola espgats,+ Nurtfgroirg# tfg loprivgogkt in  egstfgtlas# ekm piccutlik rgmuatliks wiucm hg primuagm &olklolzg tfg lopeat in  egstfgtlas# ekm piccutlik rgmuatliks wiucm hg primuagm &olklolzg tfg lopeat in  `cihec werolk` ekm acloetg afek`g,+ Cestcy# tfg vgrtlaec `rggkgry ls `ilk` ti hg `cihec werolk` ekm acloetg afek`g,+ Cestcy# tfg vgrtlaec `rggkgry ls `ilk` ti hg lktg`retgm lk fiusg neaemg mgsl`k ekm suppcylk` melcy vg`gtehcg aiksuoptlik+

lktg`retgm lk fiusg neaemg mgsl`k ekm suppcylk` melcy vg`gtehcg aiksuoptlik+

CL]GXE]WXG XG^LGP

CL]GXE]WXG XG^LGP

^grtlaec Nerolk` ekm @rggk Pecc ^grtlaec Nerolk` ekm @rggk Pecc

Feopweyg# @+# Kgc# G+# Lk`iohg# C+ &8::<, stumy sfiwgm tfet urhek e`rlaucturg Feopweyg# @+# Kgc# G+# Lk`iohg# C+ &8::<, stumy sfiwgm tfet urhek e`rlaucturg aiktrlhutgm sl`klnlaektcy tiwerms fiusgficm titec lkaiog ekm eaagss ti afgep niim# aiktrlhutgm sl`klnlaektcy tiwerms fiusgficm titec lkaiog ekm eaagss ti afgep niim# ekm aiksgqugktcy ti pivgrty rgmuatlik+ ]fg aiktrlhutlik in urhek e`rlaucturg ekm aiksgqugktcy ti pivgrty rgmuatlik+ ]fg aiktrlhutlik in urhek e`rlaucturg tiwerms pivgrty eccgvletlik aek hg nurtfgr gkfekagm ln tfg preatlag ls rgai`klzgm ekm tiwerms pivgrty eccgvletlik aek hg nurtfgr gkfekagm ln tfg preatlag ls rgai`klzgm ekm suppirtgm hy ecc bgy stebgficmgrs+

suppirtgm hy ecc bgy stebgficmgrs+77

]fg cloltgm cekm lk tfg urhek erge niragm tfg prioitlik in vgrtlaec e`rlaucturg lk ]fg cloltgm cekm lk tfg urhek erge niragm tfg prioitlik in vgrtlaec e`rlaucturg lk mgksgcy pipucetgm Eogrlaek altlgs# ls tfg usg in `riw/he`s ti relsg e wlmg rek`g in  mgksgcy pipucetgm Eogrlaek altlgs# ls tfg usg in `riw/he`s ti relsg e wlmg rek`g in  arips+ Oeky epertogkt mwgccgrs wltf ki yerms ti

arips+ Oeky epertogkt mwgccgrs wltf ki yerms ti spgeb in# ir pgipcg wltf vgry soeccspgeb in# ir pgipcg wltf vgry soecc

yerms# wlcc sgt up tfgsg he`s ik e hecaiky ir tflk strlp in cekm+ ]fg he`s tfgosgcvgs yerms# wlcc sgt up tfgsg he`s ik e hecaiky ir tflk strlp in cekm+ ]fg he`s tfgosgcvgs erg oemg nrio e verlgty in oetgrlecs# lkacumlk` aekves# wggm herrlgr nehrla# ekm erg oemg nrio e verlgty in oetgrlecs# lkacumlk` aekves# wggm herrlgr nehrla# ekm picygstgr# ecc fevlk` sgol/pirius pripgrtlgs si tfg silc aek mrelk emgquetgcy+ ]fg picygstgr# ecc fevlk` sgol/pirius pripgrtlgs si tfg silc aek mrelk emgquetgcy+ ]fg

(3)

tgro (He`rlaucturg( wes ailkgm lk 5<<6 hy Xumy Teppe Oertlkgz ti mgsarlhg tfls tgro (He`rlaucturg( wes ailkgm lk 5<<6 hy Xumy Teppe Oertlkgz ti mgsarlhg tfls typg in e`rlaucturg &Nresgr# G+M+@+# 8::8,

typg in e`rlaucturg &Nresgr# G+M+@+# 8::8,>>++

Cloltgm cekm oebgs loprivgogkt ti vgrtlaec nerolk`+ ]fg aikagpt in vgrtlaec Cloltgm cekm oebgs loprivgogkt ti vgrtlaec nerolk`+ ]fg aikagpt in vgrtlaec nerolk` fem hggk usgm nir primualk` tioetigs ekm fgrhs+ Lt ls ur`gkt kggm ti saecg nerolk` fem hggk usgm nir primualk` tioetigs ekm fgrhs+ Lt ls ur`gkt kggm ti saecg up tfls tgafkici`y ti eaaiooimetg oirg niim+ ]fg ^grtlaec Nero oust hg gnnlalgkt up tfls tgafkici`y ti eaaiooimetg oirg niim+ ]fg ^grtlaec Nero oust hg gnnlalgkt &afgep ti aikstruat ekm seng ti ipgretg,+ ^grtlaec neros# wltf oeky stirlgs fl`f# &afgep ti aikstruat ekm seng ti ipgretg,+ ^grtlaec neros# wltf oeky stirlgs fl`f# wiucm hg sltuetgm lk tfg fgert in tfg wircms urhek agktgrs+ Ln suaagssnuccy wiucm hg sltuetgm lk tfg fgert in tfg wircms urhek agktgrs+ Ln suaagssnuccy lopcgogktgm# tfgy inngr tfg priolsg in urhek rgkgwec# sustelkehcg primuatlik in e lopcgogktgm# tfgy inngr tfg priolsg in urhek rgkgwec# sustelkehcg primuatlik in e seng ekm verlgm niim suppcy &yger/riukm arip primuatlik,# ekm tfg gvgktuec rgpelr in  seng ekm verlgm niim suppcy &yger/riukm arip primuatlik,# ekm tfg gvgktuec rgpelr in 

gaisystgos tfet fevg hggk searlnlagm nir firlziktec nerolk`

gaisystgos tfet fevg hggk searlnlagm nir firlziktec nerolk`

&fttp4))www+vgrtlaecnero+aio)oirg,+

&fttp4))www+vgrtlaecnero+aio)oirg,+00

]fgrgnirg# tfg ^grtlaec Nerolk` aiucm hg aikslmgrgm nir sicvlk` tfg urhek niim ]fgrgnirg# tfg ^grtlaec Nerolk` aiucm hg aikslmgrgm nir sicvlk` tfg urhek niim primuatlik prihcgos+ ]fls ecsi wiucm rgmuag tfg gkgr`y nir trekspirtlk` tfg niim es primuatlik prihcgos+ ]fls ecsi wiucm rgmuag tfg gkgr`y nir trekspirtlk` tfg niim es mgsarlhgm hy Vugrgh# O+ &8::7,

mgsarlhgm hy Vugrgh# O+ &8::7,66# fg gstloetgm tfet swltaflk` ti ciaeccy `riwk niim# fg gstloetgm tfet swltaflk` ti ciaeccy `riwk niim

aiucm sevg trekspirt rgcetgm golssliks gqulvecgkt ti kgercy 7:#::: ogtrla tiks in  aiucm sevg trekspirt rgcetgm golssliks gqulvecgkt ti kgercy 7:#::: ogtrla tiks in  AI8# ir tfg gqulvecgkt in teblk` 5>#5<5 aers inn t

AI8# ir tfg gqulvecgkt in teblk` 5>#5<5 aers inn tfg riem+fg riem+

]fg ^grtlaec E`rl/nerolk` wes ecsi pripisgm hy Bkeni Bcloogr erafltgats lk ]fg ^grtlaec E`rl/nerolk` wes ecsi pripisgm hy Bkeni Bcloogr erafltgats lk Pufek# Aflke+ E`ri/fiuslk` aiohlkgm urhek ekm rurec clvlk` ti`gtfgr hy mgsl`klk` Pufek# Aflke+ E`ri/fiuslk` aiohlkgm urhek ekm rurec clvlk` ti`gtfgr hy mgsl`klk`

vgrtlaec `rggkfiusg speags wltflk fl`f/rlsg epertogkt hulcmlk`

vgrtlaec `rggkfiusg speags wltflk fl`f/rlsg epertogkt hulcmlk`

&fttp4))www+bbera+aio)pridgats+espx9`p?1),+

&fttp4))www+bbera+aio)pridgats+espx9`p?1),+<< ]fg mgsl`k afeccgk`gs tfg kgw]fg mgsl`k afeccgk`gs tfg kgw

strelks ik gkgr`y rgsiurags# lknrestruaturg# ekm aioouklty mlspceagogkt hy strelks ik gkgr`y rgsiurags# lknrestruaturg# ekm aioouklty mlspceagogkt hy prgsgktlk` e kgw urhek ekm sialec vlslik+ ]fg kgw hulcmlk` typici`y wlcc argetg e prgsgktlk` e kgw urhek ekm sialec vlslik+ ]fg kgw hulcmlk` typici`y wlcc argetg e kgw irmgr lk tfg alty argetgs es e speag acisg ti fiogs wfgrg neolclgs aek primuag kgw irmgr lk tfg alty argetgs es e speag acisg ti fiogs wfgrg neolclgs aek primuag tfglr iwk niim suppcy eaairmlk` ti (tfglr iwk ehlcltlgs# testgs ekm afilags ti tfglr iwk niim suppcy eaairmlk` ti (tfglr iwk ehlcltlgs# testgs ekm afilags ti prioitg lkmgpgkmgkt clvlk`# nrggmio ekm pitgktleccy privlmg emmltlikec lkaiog(+ prioitg lkmgpgkmgkt clvlk`# nrggmio ekm pitgktleccy privlmg emmltlikec lkaiog(+ Oirgivgr# tfgsg `rggkfiusg speags privlmg e `etfgrlk` speag nir tfg aioouklty+ Oirgivgr# tfgsg `rggkfiusg speags privlmg e `etfgrlk` speag nir tfg aioouklty+ E`ri/fiuslk` ls ikg pridgat hut ls ogekt ti hgaiog e oimgc nir e kgw urheklty lk E`ri/fiuslk` ls ikg pridgat hut ls ogekt ti hgaiog e oimgc nir e kgw urheklty lk Aflke# aiktrlhutlk` ti tfg prgsgrvetlik in tremltliks ekm aioouklty vecugs ekm Aflke# aiktrlhutlk` ti tfg prgsgrvetlik in tremltliks ekm aioouklty vecugs ekm mlolklsflk` tfg trlecs in rurec ol`retlik+ ]fgrg erg e ngw emvekte`gs nir tfls mlolklsflk` tfg trlecs in rurec ol`retlik+ ]fgrg erg e ngw emvekte`gs nir tfls lkkivetlvg hulcmlk` typici`y# suaf es &fttp4))www+bbera+aio)pridgats+espx9`p?1),

lkkivetlvg hulcmlk` typici`y# suaf es &fttp4))www+bbera+aio)pridgats+espx9`p?1),5:5:

44

• Zrimuags niim nir tgkekts ekm tfg surriukmlk` aioouklty+Zrimuags niim nir tgkekts ekm tfg surriukmlk` aioouklty+

• Zrimuags ir`ekla ekm fgectfy niim tfet ls mlsgesg ekm ngrtlclzgr nrggZrimuags ir`ekla ekm fgectfy niim tfet ls mlsgesg ekm ngrtlclzgr nrgg

• Argetgs ek ehukmekag in arips nir sgcn/aiksuoptlik ekm secg nir tfg kgl`fhirs+Argetgs ek ehukmekag in arips nir sgcn/aiksuoptlik ekm secg nir tfg kgl`fhirs+

(4)

Nl`urg 5+

Nl`urg 5+ Aikagpt ir ^grtlaec E`rl/Fiuslk` hy Bkeni BcloogrAikagpt ir ^grtlaec E`rl/Fiuslk` hy Bkeni Bcloogr

Qiurag4

Qiurag4 fttp4))www+bbera+aiofttp4))www+bbera+aio)pridgats+espx9`p?1) )pridgats+espx9`p?1) 5555

]fg flkmrekags in lopcgogktlk` tfg aikagpts

]fg flkmrekags in lopcgogktlk` tfg aikagpts ehivg erg gxpgkslvg hulcmlk` struaturgehivg erg gxpgkslvg hulcmlk` struaturg

ekm mlnnlauct wetgrlk` systgo+ ]fgrgnirg# slopcg vgrtlaec `rggklk` lk tfg 5/8 stirlgs ekm mlnnlauct wetgrlk` systgo+ ]fgrgnirg# slopcg vgrtlaec `rggklk` lk tfg 5/8 stirlgs fiusg aiucm hg pripisgm &^ek Wnngcgk# A+# 8:55,+

fiusg aiucm hg pripisgm &^ek Wnngcgk# A+# 8:55,+5858

Nl`urg 8+

Nl`urg 8+ Aikagpt ir ^grtlaec @rggklk`Aikagpt ir ^grtlaec @rggklk`

Qiurag4 ^ek Wnngcgk# A+# &8:55, Qiurag4 ^ek Wnngcgk# A+# &8:55,5151++

Nl`urg 1+

Nl`urg 1+ Aikagpt ir ^grtlaec @rggklk`Aikagpt ir ^grtlaec @rggklk`

Qiurag4 ^ek Wnngcgk# A+# &8:55, Qiurag4 ^ek Wnngcgk# A+# &8:55,5=5=

^grtlaec @rggklk` typici`y aiucm hg aetg`irlzgm es lvy wecc ekm `rggk wecc+ ]fg lvy ^grtlaec @rggklk` typici`y aiucm hg aetg`irlzgm es lvy wecc ekm `rggk wecc+ ]fg lvy wes kiroeccy hceogm meoe`lk` ti hulcmlk`s ekm rgmualk` tfglr secg prlag+ Ik tfg wes kiroeccy hceogm meoe`lk` ti hulcmlk`s ekm rgmualk` tfglr secg prlag+ Ik tfg itfgr fekms# tfg lvy wes niukm hy tfg salgktlsts nrio Ixnirm Wklvgrslty# emmlk` itfgr fekms# tfg lvy wes niukm hy tfg salgktlsts nrio Ixnirm Wklvgrslty# emmlk` aicir ekm afereatgr

aicir ekm afereatgr ti oeky in ti oeky in tfg aiccg`g hulcmlk`s+ tfg aiccg`g hulcmlk`s+ E tfrgg/yger stumy aikaE tfrgg/yger stumy aikacumgmcumgm

tfet lvys wgh in merb `rggk cgevgs eats es e tfgroec sflgcm# lksucetlk` hrlabwirb  tfet lvys wgh in merb `rggk cgevgs eats es e tfgroec sflgcm# lksucetlk` hrlabwirb 

(5)

nrio tfg gxtrgogs in tgopgreturg ekm oilsturg tfet intgk aeusg areabs+ Lt aek ecsi nrio tfg gxtrgogs in tgopgreturg ekm oilsturg tfet intgk aeusg areabs+ Lt aek ecsi pritgat e`elkst piccutlik meoe`g &^lcgs# F+# 8:5:,+

pritgat e`elkst piccutlik meoe`g &^lcgs# F+# 8:5:,+5757

Qgaikm typg in `rggk wecc ls tfg @rggk weccs erg sgcn sunnlalgkt vgrtlaec `ermgks tfet Qgaikm typg in `rggk wecc ls tfg @rggk weccs erg sgcn sunnlalgkt vgrtlaec `ermgks tfet erg etteafgm ti tfg gxtgrlir ir lktgrlir in e hulcmlk`+ ]fgy mlnngr nrio `rggk neàemgs erg etteafgm ti tfg gxtgrlir ir lktgrlir in e hulcmlk`+ ]fgy mlnngr nrio `rggk neàemgs &g+`+ lvy weccs, lk tfet tfg pcekts riit lk e struaturec suppirt wflaf ls nestgkgm ti tfg &g+`+ lvy weccs, lk tfet tfg pcekts riit lk e struaturec suppirt wflaf ls nestgkgm ti tfg wecc ltsgcn+ ]fg pcekts rgaglvgm wetgr ekm kutrlgkts nrio wltflk tfg vgrtlaec suppirt wecc ltsgcn+ ]fg pcekts rgaglvgm wetgr ekm kutrlgkts nrio wltflk tfg vgrtlaec suppirt lkstgem in nrio tfg `riukm

lkstgem in nrio tfg `riukm 5>5>+ + Qiog primuats Qiog primuats lopcgogktlk` tfls lopcgogktlk` tfls wgrg @wgrg @rggk ivgrrggk ivgr

@rgyℨ &fttp4))`rggkivgr`rgy+aio)lkmgx+pfp,

@rgyℨ &fttp4))`rggkivgr`rgy+aio)lkmgx+pfp,5050# # ^gspri ^gspri LkaLka

&fttp4))www+vgsprilka+aio)lkmgx+fto,

&fttp4))www+vgsprilka+aio)lkmgx+fto,5656# # ekm ekm Lkmi`rggkweccLkmi`rggkwecc

&fttp4))www+lkmi`rggkwecc+aio),+

&fttp4))www+lkmi`rggkwecc+aio),+5<5<

]fg oedirlty in `rggk weccs ik tfg oerbgt timey utlclzgm tflk pcestla)ogtec hixgs ir ]fg oedirlty in `rggk weccs ik tfg oerbgt timey utlclzgm tflk pcestla)ogtec hixgs ir treys+ ]fg pcektlk` oetgrlecs wgrg silc# olkgrec wiic# pget# aiai ailr ekm tfgy wgrg treys+ ]fg pcektlk` oetgrlecs wgrg silc# olkgrec wiic# pget# aiai ailr ekm tfgy wgrg prg/pcektgm ekm fuk` vgrtlaeccy+ E oedir cloltetlik in

prg/pcektgm ekm fuk` vgrtlaeccy+ E oedir cloltetlik in oimucer `rggk wecc hixgs wesoimucer `rggk wecc hixgs wes

egstfgtlas hgaeusg in cloltgm pcekt verlgtlgs# cloltgm mgsl`k pisslhlcltlgs# argetlvlty egstfgtlas hgaeusg in cloltgm pcekt verlgtlgs# cloltgm mgsl`k pisslhlcltlgs# argetlvlty ekm ertlstla nrggmio+

ekm ertlstla nrggmio+

Nl`urg =+

Nl`urg =+ Lvy weccLvy wecc

Qiurag4

Qiurag4 fttp4))www+fttp4))www+melcyoelc+ai+ub)salgkagtgaf)ertlmelcyoelc+ai+ub)salgkagtgaf)ertlacg/acg/ 5806=1:)Pfy/lvy/arggplk`/weccs/fiog/eatueccy/ 5806=1:)Pfy/lvy/arggplk`/weccs/fiog/eatueccy/

pritgat/hulcmlk`/tfekbs/tfgroec/sflgcm+ftoc+ pritgat/hulcmlk`/tfekbs/tfgroec/sflgcm+ftoc+8:8:

Nl`urg 7+

Nl`urg 7+ @rggk Pecc Zrimuat hy ^gspri lka+@rggk Pecc Zrimuat hy ^gspri lka+

Qiurag4

Qiurag4 fttp4))www+fttp4))www+vgsprilka+aio)loe`gs)suaagss/vgsprilka+aio)loe`gs)suaagss/ stirlgs)@rggkwecc/5+`ln+

(6)

Nl`urg > ekm 0+

Nl`urg > ekm 0+ @rggk Pecc Zrimuat hy @rggk ivgr @rgyℨ@rggk Pecc Zrimuat hy @rggk ivgr @rgyℨ

Qiurag4

Qiurag4 fttp4))`rggkivgr`rgyfttp4))`rggkivgr`rgy+aio)clvlk`/wecc+aio)clvlk`/weccs)wfet/erg/clvlk`/ws)wfet/erg/clvlk`/weccs+pfpeccs+pfp8888

@rggk ivgr @rgyℨ pripisgm e systgo aikslstlk` in e nreog# wetgrpriin pekgcs# ek @rggk ivgr @rgyℨ pripisgm e systgo aikslstlk` in e nreog# wetgrpriin pekgcs# ek eutioetla lrrl`etlik systgo# spgalec oetgrlecs# cl`fts wfgk kggmgm ekm in aiursg eutioetla lrrl`etlik systgo# spgalec oetgrlecs# cl`fts wfgk kggmgm ekm in aiursg pcekts+ ]fg nreog wes hulct lk nrikt in gxlstlk` wecc ekm etteafgm et verlius pilkts pcekts+ ]fg nreog wes hulct lk nrikt in gxlstlk` wecc ekm etteafgm et verlius pilkts wltf ki meoe`g mikg ti tfg hulcmlk`+ Petgrpriin pekgcs erg oiuktgm ti tfg nreog2 wltf ki meoe`g mikg ti tfg hulcmlk`+ Petgrpriin pekgcs erg oiuktgm ti tfg nreog2 tfgsg erg rl`lm ekm privlmg struaturec suppirt+ E cl`ftwgl`ft pirius oetgrlec tebgs tfgsg erg rl`lm ekm privlmg struaturec suppirt+ E cl`ftwgl`ft pirius oetgrlec tebgs tfg pceag in silc ekm tfgrgnirg tfg weccs erg vgry cl`ft# wgl`flk` cgss tfek = ch)nt

tfg pceag in silc ekm tfgrgnirg tfg weccs erg vgry cl`ft# wgl`flk` cgss tfek = ch)nt88 &8:&8:

b`)o

b`)o88, &fttp4))`rggkivgr`rgy+aio)lkmgx+pfp,+, &fttp4))`rggkivgr`rgy+aio)lkmgx+pfp,+8181 Wknirtuketgcy# tfg primuats erg tiiWknirtuketgcy# tfg primuats erg tii

gxpgkslvg nir aiooik pgipcg lk Lkmikgsle+ gxpgkslvg nir aiooik pgipcg lk Lkmikgsle+

Emeptlk` nrio `rggk wecc primuats# tfg stumy lktgkmgm ti argetg pit systgo nir Emeptlk` nrio `rggk wecc primuats# tfg stumy lktgkmgm ti argetg pit systgo nir geslgr oelktgkekag ekm aiktric+ Lt wiucm suppirtgm hy nreog ti olklolzg tfg geslgr oelktgkekag ekm aiktric+ Lt wiucm suppirtgm hy nreog ti olklolzg tfg meoe`g ti tfg wecc+ ]fg pits wiucm hg nrio rgayacgm hittcg ekm suppirtgm hy meoe`g ti tfg wecc+ ]fg pits wiucm hg nrio rgayacgm hittcg ekm suppirtgm hy eutioetla sgcn/wetgrlk` systgos+ ]fgrgnirg# lt wlcc hg oirg preatlaec ekm eppclaehcg eutioetla sgcn/wetgrlk` systgos+ ]fgrgnirg# lt wlcc hg oirg preatlaec ekm eppclaehcg nir husy urhek rgslmgkts+

nir husy urhek rgslmgkts+ Qgcn Petgrlk` Ogtfim Qgcn Petgrlk` Ogtfim

Ikg in gxlstlk` sgcn/wetgrlk` systgo wes pripisgm hy Ektikli Qaerpikl# ]fg Ikg in gxlstlk` sgcn/wetgrlk` systgo wes pripisgm hy Ektikli Qaerpikl# ]fg pcektgr wes keogm GCLIII ekm usgm fymripiklas# e nerolk` tgafklqug tfet aek hg pcektgr wes keogm GCLIII ekm usgm fymripiklas# e nerolk` tgafklqug tfet aek hg

usgm ti `riw pcekts lk wetgr lkstgem in silc

usgm ti `riw pcekts lk wetgr lkstgem in silc

&fttp4))www+aikagptuecmgvlags+aio)8:58):<)gcliii/`riw/yiur/niim/ir/fiw/ti/`i/ &fttp4))www+aikagptuecmgvlags+aio)8:58):<)gcliii/`riw/yiur/niim/ir/fiw/ti/`i/ ti/lbge'A8'EG/ekm/hulcm/e/mgvlag/ti/`riw/secem/lk/yiur/epertogkt),+

ti/lbge'A8'EG/ekm/hulcm/e/mgvlag/ti/`riw/secem/lk/yiur/epertogkt),+8=8=

GCLIII !1: Oih wes e alraucetlk` fymripikla mgvlag ehcg ti fist up ti 1: pits+ Lt GCLIII !1: Oih wes e alraucetlk` fymripikla mgvlag ehcg ti fist up ti 1: pits+ Lt wes niukm lmgec nir erioetla fgrhs ekm cgen vg`gtehcgs# suaf es tioetigs# g``pcekts# wes niukm lmgec nir erioetla fgrhs ekm cgen vg`gtehcgs# suaf es tioetigs# g``pcekts# ir

ir auauohgrs+ ]fg auauohgrs+ ]fg ivgrecc mlogksliks ivgrecc mlogksliks erg erg 7:x7:x5>:ao# ai7:x7:x5>:ao# aikslsts in kslsts in tfrgg tfrgg treystreys

vgrtlaeccy aikkgatgm et e mlstekag in oex =7 ao nrio geaf itfgr+ ]fg systgo vgrtlaeccy aikkgatgm et e mlstekag in oex =7 ao nrio geaf itfgr+ ]fg systgo rgqulrgm tfg usg in gcgatrlalty nir puoplk` tfg wetgr ir suppirtgm hy pfitivictela rgqulrgm tfg usg in gcgatrlalty nir puoplk` tfg wetgr ir suppirtgm hy pfitivictela pekgc+

(7)

Nl`urg 6+

Nl`urg 6+ ]fg GCLII]fg GCLII

Qiurag4

Qiurag4 fttp4))www+fttp4))www+aikagptuecmgvlags+aio)8:58):<)gcliiiaikagptuecmgvlags+aio)8:58):<)gcliii/`riw/yiur/niim/ir/`riw/yiur/niim/ir/fiw/ti/`i/ti/fiw/ti/`i/ti/lbge'A8'EG/ekm//lbge'A8'EG/ekm/ hulcm/e/mgvlag/ti/`riw/secem/lk/yiur/epertogkt) 

hulcm/e/mgvlag/ti/`riw/secem/lk/yiur/epertogkt) 8787

]fg mlnnlaucty in lopcgogktlk` tfg fymripikla wes tfg gxpgkslvg ogmle ekm ]fg mlnnlaucty in lopcgogktlk` tfg fymripikla wes tfg gxpgkslvg ogmle ekm mlnnlauct oelktgkekag+ ]fgrgnirg itfgr ogtfims wgrg gxpcirgm+ ]fgrgnirg# e mrlp mlnnlauct oelktgkekag+ ]fgrgnirg itfgr ogtfims wgrg gxpcirgm+ ]fgrgnirg# e mrlp lrrl`etlik wes sgcgatgm hgaeusg in gnnlalgkt ogtfim in lrrl`etlk`+ Pflcg sprlkbcgr lrrl`etlik wes sgcgatgm hgaeusg in gnnlalgkt ogtfim in lrrl`etlk`+ Pflcg sprlkbcgr systgos erg eriukm 07/67' gnnlalgkt# mrlp systgos typlaeccy erg <:' ir fl`fgr systgos erg eriukm 07/67' gnnlalgkt# mrlp systgos typlaeccy erg <:' ir fl`fgr &fttp4))www+lrrl`etliktutirlecs+aio)mrlp`ulmg+fto,+

&fttp4))www+lrrl`etliktutirlecs+aio)mrlp`ulmg+fto,+8>8> ]fgrg erg twi seopcgs in ]fgrg erg twi seopcgs in 

Mgsl`k ‑ Lt ‑ \iursgcn &ML\, mrlp lrrl`etlik wgrg pripisgm hy Qihlrlk Mgsl`k ‑ Lt ‑ \iursgcn &ML\, mrlp lrrl`etlik wgrg pripisgm hy Qihlrlk &fttp4))acgerwestg+hci`spit+aio)8:55):6)lknus/elroic/uktub/tekeoek/ml/

&fttp4))acgerwestg+hci`spit+aio)8:55):6)lknus/elroic/uktub/tekeoek/ml/ ouslo+ftoc,

ouslo+ftoc,8080 ekm Hirmgk &fttp4))eyirgb+ir`)gk)8:51):>)fiw/ti/oebg/e/sgcn/ekm Hirmgk &fttp4))eyirgb+ir`)gk)8:51):>)fiw/ti/oebg/e/sgcn/

wetgrlk`/pcektgr),+

wetgrlk`/pcektgr),+8686

Nl`urg <+

Nl`urg <+ Qlopcg ML\ fiogoemg mrlpQlopcg ML\ fiogoemg mrlp lrrl`etlik

lrrl`etlik

Qiurag

Qiurag fttp4))acgerwfttp4))acgerwestg+hci`spit+aio)8:55):6)lknus/estg+hci`spit+aio)8:55):6)lknus/ elroic/uktub/tekeoek/ml/ouslo+ftoc+

elroic/uktub/tekeoek/ml/ouslo+ftoc+8<8<

Nl`urg 5:+

Nl`urg 5:+ E Qgcn/Petgrlk` ZcektgrE Qgcn/Petgrlk` Zcektgr

Qiurag4

Qiurag4 fttp4))eyirgb+ir`)gfttp4))eyirgb+ir`)gk)8:51):>)fiw/ti/oebg/e/k)8:51):>)fiw/ti/oebg/e/ sgcn/wetgrlk`/pcektgr)+

(8)

]fg twi lkkivetliks ehivg sfiwgm tfg mrlp lrrl`etlik ir aeplccery eatlik aek hg usgm ]fg twi lkkivetliks ehivg sfiwgm tfg mrlp lrrl`etlik ir aeplccery eatlik aek hg usgm nir eutioetla lrrl`etlik in tfg `rggk wecc+

nir eutioetla lrrl`etlik in tfg `rggk wecc+ OG]FIMQ

OG]FIMQ

]fg rgsgeraf wiucm hg aiktlkugm ti rgec gxpgrlogkts+ Hut hgaeusg in cloltgm ]fg rgsgeraf wiucm hg aiktlkugm ti rgec gxpgrlogkts+ Hut hgaeusg in cloltgm nlkekalec suppirt# tfg aurrgkt pfesg ikcy lkacumgm cltgreturg rgvlgw ekm mgsl`k nlkekalec suppirt# tfg aurrgkt pfesg ikcy lkacumgm cltgreturg rgvlgw ekm mgsl`k priagss+

priagss+

MLQAWQQLIKQ MLQAWQQLIKQ

]fg pripisgm aikagpt in Ciw Aist @rggk Pecc wes lkltletgm wltf rgayaclk` tfg ]fg pripisgm aikagpt in Ciw Aist @rggk Pecc wes lkltletgm wltf rgayaclk` tfg olkgrec hittcgs tfet wgrg aiooikcy niukm lk Wrhek erges+ ]fg 5+7 cltgr hittcg wes olkgrec hittcgs tfet wgrg aiooikcy niukm lk Wrhek erges+ ]fg 5+7 cltgr hittcg wes

aut lk fecn+ ]fls nicciwgm rgaioogkmetlik in Hirmgk

aut lk fecn+ ]fls nicciwgm rgaioogkmetlik in Hirmgk

&fttp4))eyirgb+ir`)gk)8:51):>)fiw/ti/oebg/e/sgcn/wetgrlk`/pcektgr),+

&fttp4))eyirgb+ir`)gk)8:51):>)fiw/ti/oebg/e/sgcn/wetgrlk`/pcektgr),+1515

]fg olkgrec hittcgs wltf HZE/nrgg &wltf cehgc –5

]fg olkgrec hittcgs wltf HZE/nrgg &wltf cehgc –5‱‱ lk tfg hittio in tfg hittcg, wgrglk tfg hittio in tfg hittcg, wgrg

sgcgatgm hgaeusg tfgy wiucm hg seng nir pcektlk` niim+ Cetgr# e pcestla hittcg# aep# sgcgatgm hgaeusg tfgy wiucm hg seng nir pcektlk` niim+ Cetgr# e pcestla hittcg# aep# ekm twi strlps in aittik &ehiut > lkafgs cik`, wgrg usgm+ Nlrst# tfg hittcg oust hg aut ekm twi strlps in aittik &ehiut > lkafgs cik`, wgrg usgm+ Nlrst# tfg hittcg oust hg aut lk fecn ekm siog mrelke`g ficgs wgrg oemg lkti tfg uppgr fecn in tfg hittcg ekm ikg lk fecn ekm siog mrelke`g ficgs wgrg oemg lkti tfg uppgr fecn in tfg hittcg ekm ikg ficg lkti tfg hittio fecn+ Qiog `revgc &8:', lk tfg hittio# olx in silc &=:', ekm ficg lkti tfg hittio fecn+ Qiog `revgc &8:', lk tfg hittio# olx in silc &=:', ekm ir`ekla ngrtlclzgr &=:', wgrg put ik tfg pcektgr+ ]fg `revgc ekm olxturg pisltliklk` ir`ekla ngrtlclzgr &=:', wgrg put ik tfg pcektgr+ ]fg `revgc ekm olxturg pisltliklk` oust nealcltetg tfg wetgr ti rlsg wltf

oust nealcltetg tfg wetgr ti rlsg wltf aeplccery eatlik+aeplccery eatlik+

]fg olkgrec hittcgs pcektgrs wgrg cetgr put ik tfg heohii ogsf# hiukm hy tfg stggc ]fg olkgrec hittcgs pcektgrs wgrg cetgr put ik tfg heohii ogsf# hiukm hy tfg stggc wlrgs+ ]fg pcektgrs wgrg put nealk` 1: mg`rggs upwerm ti prgvgkt mripplk` in silc wlrgs+ ]fg pcektgrs wgrg put nealk` 1: mg`rggs upwerm ti prgvgkt mripplk` in silc ekm mrlpplk` wetgr+ Nurtfgroirg# e mrlpplk` lrrl`etlik systgo oemg nrio rgayacgm ekm mrlpplk` wetgr+ Nurtfgroirg# e mrlpplk` lrrl`etlik systgo oemg nrio rgayacgm olkgrec hittcgs ekm sgvgrec equerluo fisgs wgrg etteafgm ik tip in = riws in  olkgrec hittcgs ekm sgvgrec equerluo fisgs wgrg etteafgm ik tip in = riws in  pcektgrs+ ]fg systgo wes ti nealcltetg geslgr ekm

pcektgrs+ ]fg systgo wes ti nealcltetg geslgr ekm aiktlkuius wetgr suppcy+aiktlkuius wetgr suppcy+

Nl`urg 5:+

Nl`urg 5:+ Zripisgm Ciw/Aist Mgsl`k in @rggk Pecc Zekgc nir 5/8 Qtiry FiusgsZripisgm Ciw/Aist Mgsl`k in @rggk Pecc Zekgc nir 5/8 Qtiry Fiusgs

Qiurag4 Gvektl et

Qiurag4 Gvektl et ecc# loe`gs usecc# loe`gs us gm nrio fttp4))niti/seksgvlgrle+hci`spit+aio)8gm nrio fttp4))niti/seksgvlgrle+hci`spit+aio)8:58Y:>Y:5Yeraflvg+ftoc:58Y:>Y:5Yeraflvg+ftoc ekm

(9)

Ectfiu`f tfg mgsl`k wes kit gxgautgm suaagssnuccy# tfg gxpgrlogkt wes prgmlatgm ti Ectfiu`f tfg mgsl`k wes kit gxgautgm suaagssnuccy# tfg gxpgrlogkt wes prgmlatgm ti primuag ciw/aist `rggk wecc pcektgr sultehcg nir ciw/aist aiooukltlgs lk tfg urhek primuag ciw/aist `rggk wecc pcektgr sultehcg nir ciw/aist aiooukltlgs lk tfg urhek erges+

erges+

AIKACWQLIKQ AIKACWQLIKQ

]fg ukhecekagm mgvgcipogkt in urhek erges rgmuagm `rggk erge rgmuatlik#

]fg ukhecekagm mgvgcipogkt in urhek erges rgmuagm `rggk erge rgmuatlik# ekm cgssgrekm cgssgr

ennirmehcg niim suppcy+ ]fgrgnirg# tfg ennirmehcg vgrtlaec `ermgk wes kggmgm ti ennirmehcg niim suppcy+ ]fgrgnirg# tfg ennirmehcg vgrtlaec `ermgk wes kggmgm ti rgpceag tfg firlziktec `ermgk+ Fiwgvgr# vgrtlaec `ermgk wes kit gesy ti oelktelk rgpceag tfg firlziktec `ermgk+ Fiwgvgr# vgrtlaec `ermgk wes kit gesy ti oelktelk hgaeusg in lts mlnnlauct auctlvetlik priagss+ Qiog `rggk wecc mgsl`ks wgrg gvecuetgm hgaeusg in lts mlnnlauct auctlvetlik priagss+ Qiog `rggk wecc mgsl`ks wgrg gvecuetgm ti prgsarlhg tfg ciw aist pit / systgo wgrg oemg nrio rgayacgm hittcg ekm suppirtgm ti prgsarlhg tfg ciw aist pit / systgo wgrg oemg nrio rgayacgm hittcg ekm suppirtgm hy eutioetla sgcn/wetgrlk` systgos+ ]fgrgnirg# lt wlcc hg oirg preatlaec ekm hy eutioetla sgcn/wetgrlk` systgos+ ]fgrgnirg# lt wlcc hg oirg preatlaec ekm eppclaehcg nir husy urhek rgslmgkts+ Fipgnuccy# tfg rgsgeraf aiucm hg aiktlkugm lk eppclaehcg nir husy urhek rgslmgkts+ Fipgnuccy# tfg rgsgeraf aiucm hg aiktlkugm lk tfg nicciwlk` oiktfs ti hg ehcg ti gksurg tfg suaagssnuc ekm gvecuetg tfg mgsl`k tfg nicciwlk` oiktfs ti hg ehcg ti gksurg tfg suaagssnuc ekm gvecuetg tfg mgsl`k ncews+

ncews+

EABKIPCGM@OGK] EABKIPCGM@OGK]

Pg wiucm clbg ti gxprgss iur `retltumg ti Pg wiucm clbg ti gxprgss iur `retltumg ti

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(10)

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57

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18

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