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Ornamental and Native Plants for the Rain Garden. Madeline Flahive DiNardo County Agricultural Agent Rutgers Cooperative Extension of Union County

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(1)

“Ornamental” and Native Plants

for the Rain Garden

Madeline Flahive DiNardo County Agricultural Agent

Rutgers Cooperative Extension of Union County

(2)

Rutgers Cooperative Extension

Plants for the Rain Garden

Rain Garden Native Plants

Bald Cypress

Blue Flag Iris

Cardinal Flower

(3)

Plants for the Rain Garden

“Ornamental” Plants for the Rain Garden

Check references for tolerance of wet and dry conditions.

Consider using cultivars of native plants.

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Rutgers Cooperative Extension

Plants for the Rain Garden

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Plants for the Rain Garden

Native Plants for the Ponding Area

National Wetland Indicators

Obligate Wetland

nearly always occur in wetlands under natural conditions

Blue Flag Iris

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Rutgers Cooperative Extension

Plants for the Rain Garden

Trees and Shrubs for the Ponding Area

River Birch

Bald Cypress

Arborvitae

Needs moisture, but good drainageDwarf Bush HoneysuckleDiervilla loniceraSpice BushLindera benzoin Spice Bush Bald Cypress

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Plants for the Rain Garden

Perennials and Ornamental Grasses for the

Ponding Area

• Maiden Hair Fern • Lady Fern

• Karl Foerster’s Feather Reed Grass

• Copper Iris

– Iris fulva

– Note some Iris do not do well in wet conditions, check your references!

• Liatris

– ‘Meadow Blazing Star’ – ‘Prairie Blazing Star’ – Dense Blazing Star’

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Rutgers Cooperative Extension

Plants for the Rain Garden

Native Plants for the Ponding or

Depression Area

Facultative Wetland

Plants that usually

occur in wetlands (67 -99% of the time) but are occasionally found in non-wetlands.

Examples: Ironweed, Red Osier Dogwood, Pussy Willow

New York Ironweed

Pussy Willow

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Plants for the Rain Garden

Native Plants for the Ponding or

Depression Area

National Wetland Indicators

Facultative

Plants that are likely to occur in wetlands

and non-wetlands and are found in

wetlands 34 – 66% of the time.

Examples

Little Bluestem, Obedient Plant, Sweet

Pepper Bush or Summersweet

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Rutgers Cooperative Extension

Plants for the Rain Garden

Native Plants for the Ponding or

Depression Area

Little Bluestem

Obedient Plant

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Rutgers Cooperative Extension

Plants for the Rain Garden

Trees and Shrubs for the Depression Area

Creeping Juniper

Shrub Rose Cultivars

Spiraea

„Anthony Waterer‟Snowberry or Coral

Berry

Symphoricarpos „Hancock‟Sweet Bay Magnolia

Magnolia virginiana

Creeping Juniper

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Rutgers Cooperative Extension

Plants for the Rain Garden

Perennials for the Depression Area

Moonshine YarrowColumbineAsters„Purple Dome‟„Aromatic‟„Purple Daisy‟CoreopsisThreadleaf-Tickseed, Coreopsis verticillataDaylilliesHostas Coreopis

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Plants for the Rain Garden

Plants for the Berm Area

National Wetland IndicatorFacultative Upland

Plants that usually occur in non-wetlands (from 67 -99% of the time), but are occasionally found in wetlands (from 1 to 33%) of the time.

Examples

False Blue Indigo, Blackhaw Viburnum, Eastern Redbud

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Rutgers Cooperative Extension

Plants for the Rain Garden

Plants for the Depression or Berm Area

Blackhaw Viburnum False Blue Indigo

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Rutgers Cooperative Extension

Plants for the Rain Garden

Native Plants for the Berm Area

National Wetland Indicators

Upland

Plants that almost always (more than

99%) of the time occur in non-wetlands under natural conditions

Examples

Monarda, Rudbeckia, Panicum Rudbeckia Monarda

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Rutgers Cooperative Extension

Plants for the Rain Garden

“Ornamentals” for the Berm Area

Witch HazelsCorylusGaillardia grandifloraBleeding HeartDicentra spectabilisRussian SagePerovskia atriplicifoliaPeonyShasta Daisy Shasta Daisy Bleeding Heart

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Plants for the Rain Garden

Things to consider when designing a rain

garden ……..

Mature size of plants

Vehicle traffic

Seasonal color

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Rutgers Cooperative Extension

Plants for the Rain Garden

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Plants for the Rain Garden

Photo Credits

• Liatris: www.botany.wisc.edu/images/liatris_lg.jpg • Creeping Juniper: www.hort.uconn.edu/.../vermont/11/14/14.jpg • Spicebush: www.yosemite.ca.us/.../images/17f.jpg • Sweet Bay Magnolia:

www.washington.edu/.../graphics/74swmag.jpg • Coreopsis:

www.hsl.unc.edu/.../Images/coreopsis063006.JPG • Bleeding Heart: www.nycgovparks.org

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Rutgers Cooperative Extension

Plants for the Rain Garden

Photo Credits

• New York Ironweed Photo: Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA SCS. 1991.

Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant

species. South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. • Redosier Dogwood: R.A. Howard @ USDA-NRCS

PLANTS Database

• Pussy Willow:Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest

wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. .

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Plants for the Rain Garden

Photo Credits

• Little Bluestem: James H. Miller @ USDA-NRCS

PLANTS Database / Miller, J.H. and K.V. Miller. 2005.

Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses.

University of Georgia Press, Athens.

• Obedient Plant: Bill Summers @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln

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Rutgers Cooperative Extension

Plants for the Rain Garden

Photo Credits

• Sweet Pepperbush: Ted Bodner @ USDA-NRCS

PLANTS Database / Miller, J.H. and K.V. Miller. 2005.

Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses.

University of Georgia Press, Athens.

• Baptisia: G.A. Cooper @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database

• Redbud: Jeff McMillian @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database

• Blackhaw Viburnum: Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln.

References

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