How Well Do You Know Your Cells?

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How Well Do You Know Your Cells?

Complete each sentence below with words from the box. One word will not be used.

cells

cell membrane cell walls

chloroplasts

cytoplasm Hooke

Leeuwenhoek mitochondria

nucleus organelles ribosomes vacuoles

1. All living things are made up of one or more _________________.

2. In the 1660's, Robert ___________________ viewed cork through one of the first compound microscopes and gave the name "cells".

3. Around the same time, Anton van _____________________ used his own simple microscopes to view blood and microorganisms.

4. The structures that make up a cell are called _________________.

5. The large, rounded "brain" near the center of the cell is the ______________________.

6. The jellyish substance inside the cell but outside the nucleus is the ______________________.

7. The cell's powerhouses which release energy from food are the ______________________.

8. ______________________ make most of the protein for the cell.

9. ______________________ act like storage areas within the cell.

10. Only plant cells have _______________ and ________________.

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How Well Do You Know Your Cells? KEY

Complete each sentence below with words from the box. One word will not be used.

cells

cell membrane cell walls

chloroplasts

cytoplasm Hooke

Leeuwenhoek mitochondria

nucleus organelles ribosomes vacuoles 1. All living things are made up of one or more cells .

2. In the 1660's, Robert Hooke viewed cork through

one of the first compound microscopes and gave the name "cells".

3. Around the same time, Anton van Leeuwenhoek used

his own simple microscopes to view blood and microorganisms.

4. The structures that make up a cell are called organelles .

5. The large, rounded "brain" near the center of the cell is the nucleus .

6. The jellyish substance inside the cell but outside the nucleus is the cytoplasm .

7. The cell's powerhouses which release energy from food are the mitochondria .

8. Ribosomes make most of the protein for the cell.

9. Vacuoles act like storage areas within the cell.

10. Only plant cells have cell walls and chloroplasts .

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what ribosomes make

2.

3rd stage; chromosomes separate

3.

osmosis is a form of passive ________

5.

organelle found only in plant cells

6.

dense center portion of nucleus

7.

jellylike matrix for organelles

8.

material of which chromosomes are made;

condenses during prophase

Down

10.

forms vesicles: the ________ complex

1.

the nuclear membrane is ______, allowing materials to pass through

4.

storage/transport sacks in a cell

9.

organelle which produces protein

11.

sack filled with enzymes; breaks down foreign substances

12.

process of cell division

Across

13.

type of cell with a long "arm" - the axon

Cell Structure and Processes

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1.

what ribosomes make

2.

3rd stage; chromosomes separate

3.

osmosis is a form of passive ________

5.

organelle found only in plant cells

6.

dense center portion of nucleus

7.

jellylike matrix for organelles

8.

material of which chromosomes are made;

condenses during prophase

Down

10.

forms vesicles: the ________ complex

1.

the nuclear membrane is ______, allowing materials to pass through

4.

storage/transport sacks in a cell

9.

organelle which produces protein

11.

sack filled with enzymes; breaks down foreign substances

12.

process of cell division

Across

13.

type of cell with a long "arm" - the axon

Cell Structure and Processes KEY

P E R M E A B L E A

R T N

V A C U O L E N R A

H T U A P

C L E C N H

Y O I C L S A

T R N H E P S

O O R I B O S O M E

P P G O L R

L L Y S O S O M E U T

A A L A S

S S G T

M I T O S I S I

N E R V E

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1.

organelle releasing energy from food

2.

4th stage of mitosis; two cells form

4.

the cell _______ surrounds the cell

5.

during prophase, a group of fibers called the _______ forms in the cell

6.

barrel-shaped organelles usually found in pairs and perpendicular to each other

7.

mitochondria are the _______ of the cell

8.

2nd stage; chromosomes line up

Down

1.

strands of protein which provide structural support for the cell

3.

passive transport of water across a semipermeable membrane

9.

during telophase, two ________

cells are formed

10.

the rounded "brain" of the cell

11.

the longest stage of mitosis, where the cell grows larger

Across

Cell Structure and Division

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1.

organelle releasing energy from food

2.

4th stage of mitosis; two cells form

4.

the cell _______ surrounds the cell

5.

during prophase, a group of fibers called the _______ forms in the cell

6.

barrel-shaped organelles usually found in pairs and perpendicular to each other

7.

mitochondria are the _______ of the cell

8.

2nd stage; chromosomes line up

Down

1.

strands of protein which provide structural support for the cell

3.

passive transport of water across a semipermeable membrane

9.

during telophase, two ________

cells are formed

10.

the rounded "brain" of the cell

11.

the longest stage of mitosis, where the cell grows larger

Across

Cell Structure and Division KEY

M I C O T U B U L E

I

T T

O S M S I S E C

C E P L P E M

H M I O O N E

O B N P W T T

N R D A U G H T E R R A

D A L A R I P

R N E S H O H

I E E O L A

O N U C L E U S

I N T E P H A S E S E

E

R

O

R

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How Many Cells?

G L E L L E C M L L E C E L C

L Y C E N T R I O L E H A L Y

L S M I C R O T U B U L E E T

E O N U C L E O L U S O B C O

C S U C E L L C E L R R L H P

H O C E L L T H C G M O L T L

R M L G L E A O A O P P E M A

O E E I O C S N T L R L C E S

M M U T E L E D A I O A O M M

A B S L A L G R L P P S S B I

T A L C L P H I H A H T M R T

I N T E R P H A S E A A O A O

N E S L C E S A R D S H S N S

C E L L C E L L S L E C I E I

H S R I B O S O M E L Y S C S

How many cells are hidden in this

puzzle?

First find all 20 words in the box below and

circle them.

Then see how many times you can find the word

"CELL" in the letters surrounding those words!

Look forwards, backwards, upside down,

and even diagonal.

ANAPHASE

CENTRIOLE

CHLOROPLAST

CHROMATIN

CYTOPLASM

GOLGI

INTERPHASE

LYSOSOME

MEMBRANE

METAPHASE

MICROTUBULE

MITOCHONDRIA

MITOSIS

NUCLEOLUS

NUCLEUS

ORGANELLES

OSMOSIS

PROPHASE

RIBOSOME

TELOPHASE

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How Many Cells? KEY

L L L E C M L L E C L C

L Y C E N T R I O L E H L Y

L S M I C R O T U B U L E E T

E O N U C L E O L U S O C O

C S U C E L L C R R L P

H O C L L H G O L T L

R M L G L E A O A P P E M A

O E E O C N R L C E S

M U T E L E D A O A O M M

A S L A L G R P P S S B I

T L C L P I H H T M R T

I N T E R P H A S E A A O A O

N S L S A S S N S

C E L L C E L L S E I E I

R I B O S O M E S S

How many cells are hidden in this

puzzle?

- 12 -

First find all 20 words in the box below and

circle them.

Then see how many times you can find the word

"CELL" in the letters surrounding those words!

Look forwards, backwards, upside down,

and even diagonal.

ANAPHASE

CENTRIOLE

CHLOROPLAST

CHROMATIN

CYTOPLASM

GOLGI

INTERPHASE

LYSOSOME

MEMBRANE

METAPHASE

MICROTUBULE

MITOCHONDRIA

MITOSIS

NUCLEOLUS

NUCLEUS

ORGANELLES

OSMOSIS

PROPHASE

RIBOSOME

TELOPHASE

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___

cell A. built simple microscopes in Holland

___

Robert Hooke B. organelles that make proteins

___

Anton van Leeuwenhoek C. jelly-like substance outside nucleus

___

cell theory D. outside of cell membrane

___

organelles E. tubes to move materials through cell

___

cytoplasm F. named little boxes "cells"

___

mitochondria G. storage areas of the cell

___

ribosomes H. all living things come from cells;

new cells only come from other cells

___

endoplasmic reticulum I. powerhouse of cell; releases energy

___

vaculoes J. food-making structure in plant cell

___

cell wall K. basic unit of life

___

chloroplast L. various structures within cells

Matching Cells

Match.

____

skin cell

____

fat cells

____

gland cells

____

muscle cells

____

cartilage cells

____

bone cells

____

columnar cell

____

red blood cells

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

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K

cell A. built simple microscopes in Holland

F

Robert Hooke B. organelles that make proteins

A

Anton van Leeuwenhoek C. jelly-like substance outside nucleus

H

cell theory D. outside of cell membrane

L

organelles E. tubes to move materials through cell

C

cytoplasm F. named little boxes "cells"

I

mitochondria G. storage areas of the cell

B

ribosomes H. all living things come from cells;

new cells only come from other cells

E

endoplasmic reticulum I. powerhouse of cell; releases energy

G

vaculoes J. food-making structure in plant cell

D

cell wall K. basic unit of life

J

chloroplast L. various structures within cells

Matching Cells KEY

Match.

C

skin cell

G

fat cells

F

gland cells

A

muscle cells

D

cartilage cells

E

bone cells

B

columnar cell

H

red blood cells

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

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Organelles & Mitosis

Circle the letter of the best answer for each question.

1. Which of these makes the most protein for the cell?

A. golgi complex C. mitochondria B. cell membrane D. ribosomes

2. What stage includes chromosomes lining up in the center of the cell?

A. interphase C. telophase

B. metaphase D. prophase

3. What organelle makes food for plants?

A. chloroplast C. cell wall

B. chlorophyll D. cell membrane

4. What organelle is like the cell's highway?

A. vacuoles C. nucleolus

B. endoplasmic reticulum D. cell membrane

5. During which stage of mitosis do two daughter cells appear?

A. prophase C. telophase

B. anaphase D. metaphase

6. Who provided the name "cell"?

A. Anton van Leeuwenhoek C. Matthew Schleiden B. Robert Hooke D. Rudolf Virchow

7. What structures in the cell release energy stored in food?

A. ribosomes C. vacuoles

B. nucleus D. mitochondria

A. vacuole C. nucleus

B. ribosome D. nucleolus

8. Which organelle is a fluid-filled sack that acts like a storage area?

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Organelles & Mitosis KEY

Circle the letter of the best answer for each question.

1. Which of these makes the most protein for the cell?

A. golgi complex C. mitochondria B. cell membrane D. ribosomes

2. What stage includes chromosomes lining up in the center of the cell?

A. interphase C. telophase

B. metaphase D. prophase

3. What organelle makes food for plants?

A. chloroplast C. cell wall

B. chlorophyll D. cell membrane

4. What organelle is like the cell's highway?

A. vacuoles C. nucleolus

B. endoplasmic reticulum D. cell membrane

5. During which stage of mitosis do two daughter cells appear?

A. prophase C. telophase

B. anaphase D. metaphase

6. Who provided the name "cell"?

A. Anton van Leeuwenhoek C. Matthew Schleiden B. Robert Hooke D. Rudolf Virchow

7. What structures in the cell release energy stored in food?

A. ribosomes C. vacuoles

B. nucleus D. mitochondria

A. vacuole C. nucleus

B. ribosome D. nucleolus

8. Which organelle is a fluid-filled sack that acts like a storage area?

Figure

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