Improve and protect your soil

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Green Manure,

Catch and Cover Crops

Improve and

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SAATEN UNION are the market leaders in Europe

for catch and cover crops and a leading specialist

in biological control of nematodes and soil borne

diseases. Since 2013 Elsoms have been working

closely with SAATEN UNION to make their wealth

of specialist varieties and information available to

UK farmers and growers.

Oil radish and black oat – Viterra INTENSIV mix

Green Manure Blends

Soil nutrients

Catch crops can improve the content and management of nutrients in the soil. Losses of existing nutrients due to leaching are reduced whilst, through incorporation and/or through the nature of the catch crop, nutrient levels can be increased and released back into the soil at a time when the next crop can use them.

Soil structure

The vigorous, extensive and deep rooting habits of catch crops such as oil radish can signifi cantly improve the structure and quality of soil.

Soil health

Catch crops can have a very benefi cial effect on soil health with respect to pests and diseases such as Take All, Beet Cyst Nematode, Tobacco Rattle Virus, Free Living Nematodes etc. They can also prevent the build-up of diseases such as club root.

Water management

A vigorous catch crop will provide excellent ground cover that will signifi cantly reduce soil moisture loss due to evaporation during the summer. The water holding capacity of soil can be considerably improved as a result of an increase in humus content produced by the use of a catch crop, whilst improvements in soil structure will improve the rate at which soil drains.

Reduced risk of

soil erosion

The presence of a catch crop with a strong root structure and good ground cover can signifi cantly reduce the risk of soil erosion. This is of particular importance on fens and light, sandy soils.

Weed control

Catch crops perform an excellent role in suppressing weeds and volunteers by smothering them with their dense canopies and vigorous growth. Companion seeding between crops can reduce the requirement for herbicides.

Bees and insects

Catch crops can provide a much needed and plentiful source of late fodder for bees and other benefi cial insects.

Biomass

As well as improving the yield potential of other crops, catch crops can provide a direct tangible benefi t by improving the biomass available for AD plants and silage for livestock.

Greening

Catch and cover crops can play a specifi c role in helping a grower comply with their EFA requirements.

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Growth

Flowering time LATE EARLY

Plant length LOW HIGH

Initial development LOW HIGH

Susceptability to frost LOW HIGH

Root development LOW HIGH

Resistance toward

Meloidogyne chitwoodi LOW HIGH

Pratylenchus LOW HIGH

TRV LOW HIGH

Cultivation tips

Time of sowing After cereal harvest: July till September

Seeding rate Green manure: 25-50 kg/ha nematode control 80-120 kg/ha Soil preparation Low seed placement in reconsolidated soil

Sowing depth 2-4 cm

Production of organic matter LOW HIGH

Usage

Nematode control LOW HIGH

Biofumigation LOW HIGH

Improvement of soil fertility LOW HIGH

Erosion control LOW HIGH

Feeding quality LOW HIGH

Silage LOW HIGH

Biogas LOW HIGH

Leaching control / N-retention LOW HIGH

Weed suppression LOW HIGH

Breeder P.H. Petersen Saatzucht Lundsgaard GmbH, Germany Source: The rating is related to the results of offi cial variety testings and own practical experience in different countries.

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Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops www.elsoms.com Telephone: 01775 715000

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Growth

Flowering time LATE EARLY

Plant length LOW HIGH

Initial development LOW HIGH

Susceptability to frost LOW HIGH

Root development LOW HIGH

Resistance toward

Heterodera schachtii LOW HIGH

Meloidogyne chitwoodi LOW HIGH

Meloidogyne hapla LOW HIGH

Ditylenchus dipsaci LOW HIGH

Pratylenchus LOW HIGH

TRV LOW HIGH

Rhizoctonia LOW HIGH

Club root (Plasmodiophora

brassicae) LOW HIGH

Cultivation tips

Time of sowing April till end of August Seeding rate 25 - 30 kg/ha

Soil preparation Good soil preparation for an evenly fi eld emergence

Sowing depth 2 - 4 cm

Production of organic matter LOW HIGH

Usage

Nematode control LOW HIGH

Biofumigation LOW HIGH

Improvement of soil fertility LOW HIGH

Erosion control LOW HIGH

Feeding quality LOW HIGH

Silage LOW HIGH

Biogas LOW HIGH

Leaching control / N-retention LOW HIGH

Weed suppression LOW HIGH

Breeder P.H. Petersen Saatzucht Lundsgaard GmbH, Germany Source: The rating is related to the results of offi cial variety testings and own practical experience in different countries.

Multi resistant Up to 90% BCN reduction Deep and fi ne root system

Reduction of root lesion nematodes Very fast early development High production of organic matter

DEFENDER

Oil Radish

PRATEX

Black Oat

Description: High performing

multipurpose mixture for intensive crop rotations

Constituents: Multi resistant oil radish and black oat

Sowing Period: April to September – typically July to early September

Sowing Rate: 25-50 kgs per ha depending on role of crop

Concept: A powerful mixture combining the considerable soil health benefi ts of DEFENDER multi resistant oil radish and PRATEX black oat. The combined root systems of the oil radish and the black oat have an impressive effect on soil structure, stabilising the soil and providing considerable benefi ts for the following crop. A rapidly establishing crop, the combination of the two species provides excellent ground cover, suppressing weeds and providing an excellent biomass yield to improve soil organic matter content when incorporated. A seed rate of 50kgs per ha should be used if soil health is a key objective however 25kgs per ha would be effective if soil structure and ground cover is the focus

Suitable for: Sugar beet, potatoes and intensive crops

Greening: Does not currently comply with greening regulations – check regulations in force at time of sowing

INTENSIV

Viterra Mixes

Recovery mix for intensive and potato crop rotations Black oat PRATEX

Multi resistant oil radish DEFENDER

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ANGELIA

Phacelia

Growth

Flowering time LATE EARLY

Plant length LOW HIGH

Initial development LOW HIGH

Susceptability to frost LOW HIGH

Root development LOW HIGH

Resistance toward

Heterodera schachtii LOW HIGH

Meloidogyne chitwoodi LOW HIGH

Club root (Plasmodiophora

brassicae) LOW HIGH

Cultivation tips

Time of sowing April till September

Seeding rate 10-20 kg/ha

Soil preparation Fine crumbling, reconsolidated soil

Sowing depth 2 cm

Production of organic matter LOW HIGH

Usage

Biofumigation LOW HIGH

Improvement of soil fertility LOW HIGH

Erosion control LOW HIGH

Feeding quality LOW HIGH

Silage LOW HIGH

Biogas LOW HIGH

Leaching control / N-retention LOW HIGH

Weed suppression LOW HIGH

Breeder P.H. Petersen Saatzucht Lundsgaard GmbH, Germany

Thin stems for good soil tillage Fast early development Good weed suppression

Source: The rating is related to the results of offi cial variety testings and own practical experience in different countries.

Growth

Flowering time LATE EARLY

Plant length LOW HIGH

Initial development LOW HIGH

Susceptability to frost LOW HIGH

Root development LOW HIGH

Resistance toward

Meloidogyne chitwoodi LOW HIGH

Pratylenchus LOW HIGH

TRV LOW HIGH

Cultivation tips

Time of sowing After cereal harvest: July till September

Seeding rate Green manure: 25-50 kg/ha nematode control 80-120 kg/ha Soil preparation Low seed placement in reconsolidated soil

Sowing depth 2-4 cm

Production of organic matter LOW HIGH

Usage

Nematode control LOW HIGH

Biofumigation LOW HIGH

Improvement of soil fertility LOW HIGH

Erosion control LOW HIGH

Feeding quality LOW HIGH

Silage LOW HIGH

Biogas LOW HIGH

Leaching control / N-retention LOW HIGH

Weed suppression LOW HIGH

Breeder P.H. Petersen Saatzucht Lundsgaard GmbH, Germany Source: The rating is related to the results of offi cial variety testings and own practical experience in different countries.

Reduction of root lesion nematodes Very fast early development High production of organic matter

PRATEX

Black Oat

Description: Crucifer free,

green manure crop – ideal for OSR rotations

Constituents: Phacelia, black oat, egyptian clover

Sowing Period: April to September – typically July to early September

Sowing Rate: 25kgs per ha

Concept: A rapidly establishing vigorous crop with good drought tolerance that stabilises the soil, supresses weeds and improves soil organic matter content when incorporated. Planted in early summer it can help retain soil moisture, whilst planted in the winter its frost susceptible constituents make it an ideal mulch crop. Black oat provides excellent root development, high biomass production and can have a benefi cial effect on free living nematodes and their effects on subsequent crops. Phacelia provides wonderful dense ground cover resulting in excellent weed suppression. Egyptian clover facilitates the performance of the mixture and improves soil fertility

Suitable for: Late sown cereals, spring sown crops, summer cover crop

Greening: May comply with greening regulations – check regulations in force at time of sowing

UNIVERSAL

Viterra Mixes

Green manure – no crufi cers – ideal for OSR rotation Black oat: PRATEX, phacelia: ANGELIA

Ideal for OSR rotations Egyptian clover

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Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops www.elsoms.com Telephone: 01775 715000

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Recommendation Late sowing, mulch sowing

Ear emergence EARLY LATE

Maturity EARLY LATE

Yield structure

Ears/m2 LOW HIGH

TGW LOW HIGH

Grains/ear LOW HIGH

Hagberg / Falling number LOW HIGH

Raw protein content LOW HIGH

Time of sowing Dry and poor soils: 15th of September until end of October, better soils: 20th of September until beginning of November

Seed rate Locally adapted

Plant height Medium

Lodging resistance LOW HIGH

Plant growth regulator Locally adapted Disease resistance

Mildew LOW HIGH

Rhynchosporium LOW HIGH

Brown rust LOW HIGH

Ergot LOW HIGH

Fungicides for intensive cultivation

Normal disease pressure combination product in EC 39 - 49

Breeder P.H. Petersen Saatzucht Lundsgaard GmbH, Germany Source: The rating is related to the results of offi cial variety testings and own practical experience in different countries.

Trusted population variety with fast and vigorous establishment

Flexible use for grain, whole plant silage and cover crop in rotations with maize

Protects soils from erosion, improves the humus balance

MATADOR

Population Rye

WICKROGGEN

Viterra Mixes

Winter hardy whole crop blend Winter rye: Matador Winter vetch Ideal for late sowing

Description: Winter hardy whole crop silage mix

Constituents: Matador winter rye and winter vetch

Sowing Period: September to early November

Sowing Rate: 50-100kgs per ha depending on role of crop

Concept: Matador has a robust and aggressive growth habit that provides rapid establishment, extensive rooting structure and potentially high biomass yield. Winter vetch improves soil fertility and enhances the performance of Matador whilst improving the protein content of the whole crop harvest

Suitable for:

Maize: Ideal following maize, stabilising the soil, suppressing weeds, improving soil quality and improving soil drainage. If following with maize, incorporate into soil to improve soil organic matter content or take an early silage cut depending on circumstances

Spring Cereals and Sugar Beet: As above – incorporate to improve soil organic matter content

Greening: May comply with greening regulations – check regulations in force at time of sowing

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Growth

Flowering time LATE EARLY

Plant length LOW HIGH

Initial development LOW HIGH

Susceptability to frost LOW HIGH

Root development LOW HIGH

Resistance toward

Heterodera schachtii LOW HIGH

Meloidogyne chitwoodi LOW HIGH

Meloidogyne hapla LOW HIGH

Ditylenchus dipsaci LOW HIGH

Pratylenchus LOW HIGH

TRV LOW HIGH

Rhizoctonia LOW HIGH

Club root (Plasmodiophora brassicae)

LOW HIGH

Cultivation tips

Time of sowing April till end of August Seeding rate 25 - 30 kg/ha

Soil preparation Good soil preparation for an evenly fi eld emergence Sowing depth 2 - 4 cm

Production of organic matter LOW HIGH

Usage

Nematode control LOW HIGH

Biofumigation LOW HIGH

Improvement of soil fertility LOW HIGH

Erosion control LOW HIGH

Feeding quality LOW HIGH

Silage LOW HIGH

Biogas LOW HIGH

Leaching control / N-retention

LOW HIGH

Weed suppression LOW HIGH

Breeder P.H. Petersen Saatzucht Lundsgaard GmbH, Germany Source: The rating is related to the results of offi cial variety testings and own practical experience in different countries.

Multi resistant Up to 90% BCN reduction

Reduction of Meloidogyne chitwoodi, M. hapla, M. incognita and M. javanica

CONTRA

Oil Radish

Impressive multi resistant variety Long vegetative growth Deep/intensive roots

Description: High performing multi resistant oil radish

Sowing Period: April to end of August

Sowing Rate: 25-30 kgs per ha depending on role of crop

Concept: A powerful variety, selected for its excellent properties in

countering soil borne pests and diseases combined with a late fl owering habit and hence extended vegetative growth period to enhance the effectiveness of the variety. CONTRA also provides the benefi ts of classic oil radish varieties in terms of improving soil structure and stability, suppressing weeds and improving soil organic matter content

Suitable for:

Sugar Beet: Level one BCN control

Potatoes, Carrots, Peas & Bulbs: can have a positive effect on a range of pest and diseases such as tobacco rattle virus, rhizoctonia and pythium

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Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops www.elsoms.com Telephone: 01775 715000

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Growth

Flowering time LATE EARLY

Plant length LOW HIGH

Initial development LOW HIGH

Susceptability to frost LOW HIGH

Root development LOW HIGH

Resistance toward

Heterodera schachtii LOW HIGH

Meloidogyne chitwoodi LOW HIGH

Meloidogyne hapla LOW HIGH

Ditylenchus dipsaci LOW HIGH

Pratylenchus LOW HIGH

Rhizoctonia LOW HIGH

Cultivation tips

Time of sowing April till early September Seeding rate 18-25 kg/ha

Soil preparation Slight preparation of the upper soil is suffi cient

Sowing depth 2-4 cm

Production of organic matter LOW HIGH

Usage

Nematode control LOW HIGH

Biofumigation LOW HIGH

Improvement of soil fertility LOW HIGH

Erosion control LOW HIGH

Feeding quality LOW HIGH

Silage LOW HIGH

Biogas LOW HIGH

Leaching control / N-retention LOW HIGH

Weed suppression LOW HIGH

Breeder P. H. PETERSEN Saatzucht Lundsgaard GmbH & Co KG

Growth

Flowering time LATE EARLY

Plant length LOW HIGH

Initial development LOW HIGH

Susceptability to frost LOW HIGH

Root development LOW HIGH

Resistance toward

Ditylenchus dipsaci LOW HIGH

Pratylenchus LOW HIGH

TRV LOW HIGH

Rhizoctonia LOW HIGH

Club root (Plasmodiophora

brassicae) LOW HIGH

Cultivation tips

Time of sowing After cereal harvest: July till September Seeding rate 15-20 kg/ha

Soil preparation Slight preparation of the upper soil is suffi cient

Sowing depth 1-2 cm

Production of organic matter LOW HIGH

Usage

Nematode control LOW HIGH

Biofumigation LOW HIGH

Improvement of soil fertility LOW HIGH

Erosion control LOW HIGH

Feeding quality LOW HIGH

Silage LOW HIGH

Biogas LOW HIGH

Leaching control / N-retention LOW HIGH

Weed suppression LOW HIGH

Breeder P. H. PETERSEN Saatzucht Lundsgaard GmbH & Co KG Source: The rating is related to the results of offi cial variety testings and own practical

experience in different countries.

Source: The rating is related to the results of offi cial variety testings and own practical experience in different countries.

AKIRO

Oil Radish

ALBATROS

White Mustard

Suppresses weeds and improves soil structure Very effective classic type

Establishes rapidly, deep root structure

Establishes and develops rapidly Excellent weed suppression Good erosion control

Specifi cally selected for its rapid establishment, AKIRO is ideally suited to exploit the short gaps typically present in UK crop rotation systems. AKIRO is a highly effective green manure variety that provides a very cost effective solution to retaining and improving soil quality and fertility, whilst suppressing weeds and improving water management. AKIRO rapidly establishes a broad dense canopy that is ideal for soil shading to preserve soil moisture content and prevent erosion, as well as performing an excellent role in suppressing weeds and grasses.

AKIRO’s deep, widely branched root system opens up the subsoil for succeeding crops as well as improving the performance of subsequent cultivations. The organic matter produced by the excellent root network enhances soil structure and enriches soil organic matter content. AKIRO can perform a valuable role in retaining nitrogen remaining in the soil following cereals, reducing nutrient losses due to leaching and protecting ground water quality.

ALBATROS is classic fast growing, white mustard that has been widely and successfully used by farmers for many years as a short term economic, green manure crop. ALBATROS establishes and grows rapidly, providing excellent ground cover and weed suppression. The variety has excellent drought tolerance and can be drilled through to late September making it an ideal short term green manure crop following cereals. ALBATROS has an intensive, far-reaching root system that builds a solid soil structure rich in organic matter. The crop rapidly produces large amounts of vegetative growth which can either be incorporated directly into the soil or used as a mulch crop. ALBATROS can perform a highly effective role in protecting soil against erosion and retaining nitrogen reserves.

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Growth

Flowering time LATE EARLY

Plant length LOW HIGH

Initial development LOW HIGH

Susceptability to frost LOW HIGH

Root development LOW HIGH

Resistance toward

Meloidogyne chitwoodi LOW HIGH

Pratylenchus LOW HIGH

TRV LOW HIGH

Cultivation tips

Time of sowing After cereal harvest: July till September

Seeding rate Green manure: 25-50 kg/ha nematode control 80-120 kg/ha Soil preparation Low seed placement in reconsolidated soil

Sowing depth 2-4 cm

Production of organic matter LOW HIGH

Usage

Nematode control LOW HIGH

Biofumigation LOW HIGH

Improvement of soil fertility LOW HIGH

Erosion control LOW HIGH

Feeding quality LOW HIGH

Silage LOW HIGH

Biogas LOW HIGH

Leaching control / N-retention LOW HIGH

Weed suppression LOW HIGH

Breeder P.H. Petersen Saatzucht Lundsgaard GmbH, Germany Source: The rating is related to the results of offi cial variety testings and own practical experience in different countries.

Growth

Flowering time LATE EARLY

Plant length LOW HIGH

Initial development LOW HIGH

Susceptability to frost LOW HIGH

Root development LOW HIGH

Resistance toward

Heterodera schachtii LOW HIGH

Meloidogyne chitwoodi LOW HIGH

Club root (Plasmodiophora

brassicae) LOW HIGH

Cultivation tips

Time of sowing April to September Seeding rate 10-20 kg/ha

Soil preparation Fine crumbling, reconsolidated soil

Sowing depth 2 cm

Production of organic matter LOW HIGH

Usage

Biofumigation LOW HIGH

Improvement of soil fertility LOW HIGH

Erosion control LOW HIGH

Feeding quality LOW HIGH

Silage LOW HIGH

Biogas LOW HIGH

Leaching control / N-retention LOW HIGH

Weed suppression LOW HIGH

Breeder P.H. Petersen Saatzucht Lundsgaard GmbH, Germany Source: The rating is related to the results of offi cial variety testings and own practical experience in different countries.

PRATEX

Black Oat

Ideal for arable and root crop rotation Impressive all round qualities Rapid early establishment

ANGELIA

Phacelia

Ideal for OSR rotations

Rapid establishment and growth Thin stemmed variety

Phacelia belongs to the Hydrophylloideae family making it an ideal catch crop, especially for arable rotations containing oilseed rape, where including radish and mustard could be problematic. Rapidly establishing phacelia performs an excellent role in reducing soil erosion and improving soil structure. ANGELIA was specifi cally developed for its thin stems to improve its break down once incorporated and has become a fi rm favourite with growers for green manure and erosion control catch crops.

An ideal catch crop for rotations containing oilseed rape or root crops. This rapidly establishing black or bristle oat (Avena Strigosa) plays a valuable role in improving soil health, reducing soil erosion and in producing good yields of biomass for use as silage or in AD plants. PRATEX, as a cereal, provides an effective method for improving the management of Pratylenchus and TRV without the rotational compromises required when using other species such as radish or mustard.

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Designed by www

.optimadesign.co.uk

Elsoms Seeds Ltd, Pinchbeck Road, Spalding, Lincolnshire PE11 1QG

t

+44 (0)1775 715000

f

+44 (0)1775 715001

www.elsoms.com

CONTRA

Multi-Resistant Oil Radish

Level 1 BCN control

Late fl owering – extended vegetative growth

Deep and intensive rooting system

Wide sowing window

Rapid establishment

Reduces soil erosion

Excellent weed suppression

Strong biofumigant properties

Easy to manage

Nematode multi resistance

Disease multi resistance

A Step Forward in Variety Performance

H ig h e s t re s is tan ce level – BeetCy stN em a t o d e s BCN

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References

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