Evolving Recreational Activities in Ethnic Village Resorts

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ON

EVOLVING RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES IN

ETHNIC VILLAGE RESORTS

Submitted in partial fulfilment of the

Requirement for the award of degree of

Master of Architecture

Submitted by

Vikash Kumar

M-Arch- 1

st

sem

Recreation Architecture

Guided by

Ar. Roomi Gilani

FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE & EKISTICS

JAMIA MILLIA ISLAMIA

NEW DELHI-110025

2014-2015

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Faculty of Architecture & Ekistics,

Department of Architecture

Faculty of Architecture & Ekistics,

Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi

Certificate

In the partial fulfilment of the M-Arch degree program, this is to certify that

‘Vikash Kumar’ has worked on the Dissertation project entitled “Evolving

recreational activities in Ethnic Village Resorts.” under my guidance and

supervision.

Ar.Roomi Gilani Prof. S.M. Akhtar

Guide Dean

Abdul Halim Babbu

Head

External Examiner 1

External Examiner 2

External Examiner 3

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Declaration

I Vikash Kumar hereby declare that the Dissertation entitled “Evolving

recreational activities in Ethnic Village Resorts” submitted in the partial

fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Masters of

Architecture is my original design/ research work and that the information

taken from secondary sources is given due citations and references.

[Signature]

Vikash Kumar

Roll. No:

M.Arch. Sem. - 1st

2014-15

Date:

Place:

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Acknowledgment

At various stages in doing of thesis, a number of people have given me

invaluable support. In this regard I owe a depth of gratitude to my inspiration

& guide Ar. Roomi Gilani. Who have cultivated devotion & determination in

me & have been a helping hand at every moment to support & motivate me. I

would deeply thank Prof. Ahrar Hussain, for the systematic structuring the

dissertation so as to make it an gradual process of learning and application;

for his regular evoking insightful discussions.

I am Grateful to My Parents, who kept ultimate faith in me & always provided

me backup with their love & best wishes.

Above all, I am highly grateful to God, who provided me such a golden

opportunity, brilliant guidance, & kind support. I would finally thank My

Friends for the much needed pep talks and discussions and all those who

made this thesis come alive.

At last I beg pardon from all those who helped me but, my self-catered mind

escaped their names.

With Regards,

Vikash Kumar

M-Arch – Ist sem

Recreation Architecture, 2014-15

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Abstract

In this dissertation report major research findings are discussed & recreation Implication

for ethnic village resorts are identified, Also recommendation for recreational activities are

provided. This research Analysis how ethnic style has been used as a recreational

purposes & developed as a recreational point in particular place. Examine the

socio-cultural & planning issues in ethnic tourism. Ethnic culture is being utilised by the tourism

industries as a resource for attracting tourist & investment and for promoting cultural

development and ethnic unity. Through-out of history people have travelled for a number

of reasons, including colonization, trade ,war, famine, disease, political persecution, &

religious pilgrimages. Around the turns of 19

th

century, wealthy & sometimes eccentric,

Europeans travellers journeyed to view natural scenery, mountains, & other cultures.

Tourism in all forms has a great impact on Culture. Author suggest ethnic or traditional

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CONTENTS CHAPTER -1 ... 1 1.1 Introduction ... 1 1.2Aim ... 1 1.3Objective ... 2 1.4Scope ... 2 1.6Methodology ... 3 CHAPTER -2 ... 4 Literature Review ... 4

2.1 Planning for ethnic Tourism ... 4

(By Assoc Prof. li yang, Prof. Gioffrey vall) ... 4

Abstract- ... 4

2.2 Cultural heritage tourism asia paci ... 4

(Edited by- Bruce Prideaux, dallen Imorthy, Kaye Chon) ... 4

Abstract- ... 4

2.3 Journals ... 4

Abstract ... 4

2.4 Cultural Representation in the Yunnan Ethnic Folk Villages:Tensions and Contradictions ... 5

Abstract- ... 5

2.5 Article ... 5

a)A Choki Dhani at Sangam, (By-Rajiv Mani, TNN, Sept 26, 2009) ... 5

Abstract- ... 5

b)Two ethnic village resorts to be set up on Yamuna expressways. ... 5

(By- Isha Jain, TNN, April 21,2013) ... 5

Abstract- ... 5

2.6 Inferences- ... 6

CHAPTER 3 ... 7

Recreation & Recreational Activities ... 7

3.1 Introduction- ... 7

3.2 Recreation in ancient civilization ... 7

i. Ancient Egypt- ... 7

ii.Ancient Assyria & Babylonia- ... 7

iii.Ancient Greece-(500-400BC)- ... 8

iv.Recreation in Modern Society ... 8

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vii.Sports- ... 9

viii.Other Activities- ... 10

ix.Recreational Activities for age group ... 10

x.Recreational Activities by gender... 11

xi.Purpose of recreational Activities ... 11

Chapter-4 ……….12

Ethnic village resorts……….12

4.1 Introduction………12

4.2 Ethnic Village resorts………13

4.3 Ethnic village resorts recreational activities………13

4.4 Ethnic village resorts for modern society……….….13

4.5 Ethnic recreational activities in the Society……….…13

CHAPTER-5 Case study- Choki Dhani ethnic village resorts, Sonipat, Haryana……….……….….14

5.1 Introduction……….………..…14

5.2 Location……….………..….15

5.3 Location map……….………..…….15

5.4 History……….…..………15

5.5 Aim of choki dhani ethnic village resorts……….…………..……..15

5.6 Choki Dhani Ethnic village resorts Activities……….………..16

5.7 Recreational Activities for visitors………...…..……..17

5.8 Observation……….…….…….17

5.9 Elements enhancing the theme……….………..……18

5.10 Inferences……….……….……..23

CHAPTER-6 Case Study- Pratapgarh farms & resorts- Jhajjar, Haryana……….……..24

6.1.Introduction……….……....24

6.2 Location……….………24

6.3 Aim of pratapgarh Farms……….….25

6.4 Recreational Activities at pratapgarh farms & resorts………..……….………25

6.5 Music ,Cultural & sports Activities………....……25

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CHAPTER-7

Comparative Case Studies……….35 Inferences……….36 CHAPTER-8

Conclusion & Recommondation………37

REFERENCES………38 ANNEXURE-

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List of figures

Figure 1- methodology ... 3

Figure 2 choki dhani ethnic village, Ref- (Chokidhanisonipat.org) ... 14

Figure 3- Location map choki dhani Ref-(chokidhanisonipat.org) ... 15

Figure 4- site LAYOUT,choki dhani ref- (chokidhanisonipat.org)... 15

Figure 5- Souvenirs Shop & Fast Food Counter, ... 16

Figure 6- Entrance View Of Choki Dhani, ... 16

Figure 7 - ENTRANCE WITH PARKING , ... 16

Figure 8 Folk Dance on a ethnic style of platform & instrument used for the performance, ... 17

Figure 9 Inner view of choki dhani, Traditional style of Jhoola & Other Children play up & down. 17 Figure 10 Milk Counter, Ethnic mud pot used. ... 17

Figure 11- Shooting/die ... 18

Figure 12- Ball shooting ... 18

Figure 13- Ethnic Costume... 18

Figure 14- Bell... 18

Figure 15- Pottery ... 18

Figure 16- Machaan ... 18

Figure 17- Traditional Cooking ... 18

Figure 18- Tattoos/Photography ... 18

Figure 19- Camel/Hourse/Tractor ride ... 18

Figure 20- train/jhoola Activities ... 18

Figure 21- the recreational activities which enjoy the visitors. ... 19

Figure 22- Percentage of Like recreational activities in ethnic village resorts. ... 19

Figure 23- The Percentage of recreational activities users as per gender & age. ... 20

Figure 24- Percentage of traditional activities, Dance, Music, Rides, recreational activities & food like by users. ... 20

Figure 25- Criteria to enjoy the recreational Place & ACTIVITIES WITH FAMILY, GROUPS, and VISITORS. ... 21

Figure 26- The Percentage of visitors - RECREATIONAL activities with FRIENDS, GROUPS, and COUPLE. ... 21

Figure 27- The percentage of like recreational activities as per income... 22

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Figure 29- Pratapgarh Farms & Resorts, jhajjar, Haryana,Source- Google map ... 24

Figure 30- Burma Bridge ... 25

Figure 31- Badminton... 25

Figure 32- Shooting ... 25

Figure 33- Camel Ride with Ethnic Cloths ... 25

Figure 34- Bird naming ... 25

Figure 35- Site layout- Pratapgarh farms & resorts.,ref-google map ... 26

Figure 36- DJ Dance ... 26

Figure 37- Been Dance ... 26

Figure 38- Dholki Dance ... 26

Figure 40- Camel Cart Ride ... 27

Figure 39- Tractor Ride, (Source -www.mycity4kids.com) ... 27

Figure 41- Camel Ride ... 27

Figure 42- Kushti, (Source -www.mycity4kids.com) ... 27

Figure 43- Shooting ... 27

Figure 44- Tube Well, (Source -www.mycity4kids.com) ... 27

Figure 45- Mud Bath ... 27

Figure 47- Cricket, (Source -www.mycity4kids.com) ... 28

Figure 46- Trampoline jumping, (Source -www.mycity4kids.com) ... 28

Figure 48- Volleyball ... 28

Figure 49- Pottery, (Source -www.mycity4kids.com) ... 28

Figure 50- the recreational activities which enjoy the VISITORS. ... 29

Figure 51- - Percentage of Like recreational activities in ethnic village resorts. ... 30

Figure 52- The Percentage of recreational activities users as per gender & age. ... 30

Figure 53- Criteria to enjoy the recreational Place & ACTIVITIES WITH FAMILY, GROUPS, and VISITORS. ... 31

Figure 54- Percentage of traditional activities, Dance, Music, Rides, Spots, race, recreational activities & food like by users. ... 32

Figure 55- The Percentage of visitors - activities with FRIENDS, GROUPS, and COUPLE... 32

Figure 56- The percentage of like recreational activities as per place of visitors. ... 33

Figure 57- The percentage of like recreational activities as per income... 33

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CHAPTER -1

Introduction

1.1 INTRODUCTION-

Ethnic village is a minority group that exhibits residential differentiation within a city and a distinctive culture characterized by dense social networks. Activities in ethnic village resorts like-variety of cultural folk dances, live pottery, puppet show, live folk songs, magician, Fire performer, Acrobatics, Gong, Mehdi, Bool Bhulaiya, Rides, skill,games, tattoo making, head massage, Astrology, Ethnic costume photography, Snacks Counter, display ethnic culture style elements etc. Chokhi Dhani Group is synonymous with

Rajasthani village themed hospitality since 1989. The pride of Rajasthan and India Chokhi Dhani Group can easily boast itself as a great promoter and preserver of traditional

heritage hospitality of Rajasthani culture. As all the ethnic village resorts are recreational spaces for tourist/visitors. So I want to study the ethnic village resorts how they evolves as a recreational spaces.12

1.2 AIM

a) Study the activities in the ethnic village resorts which used as a recreational activities. b) To study the green spaces & its activity. How the people enjoy these green spaces in

day/night time like enjoy, rest, family lunch, Photography, Games etc. c) To study this site as an identity traditional style of Indian ethnic village.

1 www.chokhidhanisonipat.com 2 tourtravelworld.com

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1.3 OBJECTIVE

a) To Study the history of ethnic village & its architecture, concept behind it. How it is much tourism place as like as other historical building & its impact on development near around area.

b) To study about the history, traditional style features which help to understand this place. c) To study the role of market area, traditional culture, Social activities to create more

interesting recreational zone to attract the visitors.

1.4 SCOPE

-

a) On the basis of study we can understand the recommendations as to create a recreational space to encourage the tourisms.

b) Evaluation of issues involved in Social, cultural activities, & other problems near around the ethnic village site.

1.5 LITRATURE STUDY-

Literature study on ethnic village resorts, tourism site etc in context with the historical backgrounds & its architecture style. Study on recreational Activities in ethnic village resorts like-variety of cultural folk dances, live pottery, puppet show, live folk songs, magician, Fire performer, Acrobatics, Gong, Mehdi, Bool Bhulaiya, Rides, skill games, tattoo making, head massage, Astrology, Ethnic costume photography, Snakes Counter, display ethnic culture style elements etc. Study the books, journals, and dissertation of previous years & comparative study of it.

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1.6 METHODOLOGY-

FIGURE 1- METHODOLOGY

Collecting data over ethnic village resorts & its recreational activities, history of ethnic village. Analysing the report, data prepare by the eminent architects, researcher. Collecting all the document & analysis the documents. Combine the ideas & formulate a review in the form of report.

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CHAPTER -2

Literature Review

Books

2.1 Planning for ethnic Tourism

By Assoc Prof. li yang, Prof. Gioffrey vall

Abstract-

In this book major research findings are discussed & Implication for tourism planning are identified, Also recommendation for future planning are provided. This research Analysis how ethnic tourism has been planned & developed in particular place. Examine the socio-cultural & planning issues in ethnic tourism. Ethnic culture is being utilised by the tourism industries as a resource for attracting tourist & investment and for promoting cultural development and ethnic unity.

2.2 Cultural heritage tourism asia paci

Edited by- Bruce Prideaux, dallen Imorthy, Kaye Chon

Abstract-

In this Book major discussion over cultural tourism. How the resorts tourism attraction within the particular area. This is because the particular area strongly associated with the culture. Like cultural tourism has capacity to accommodate a host of recreational activities made possible through proposed facilities such as boat ride, lake shore, ethnic style, amusement facilities etc. “Tourism is like fire, it can cook your food or burn your house down” by (Robbin Fox UNESCO -2003).

2.3 Journals

2.3.1 The History of indigenous People & Tourism

Author-Mc Laren Deborah Ramer, Issue- 23.2(Summer 1999) Protecting indigenous culture and land through eco- tourism

Abstract-

Through-out of history people have travelled for a number of reasons, including colonization, trade ,war, famine, disease, political persecution, & religious pilgrimages. Around the turns of 19th

century, wealthy & sometimes eccentric, Europeans travellers journeyed to view natural scenery, mountains, & other cultures. Tourism in all forms has a great impact on Culture. Author suggest sustainable tourism for communities. All development should be based on respect for sovereignty & their right of each community. Some indigenous communities in north say they prefer to adopt western style, while others are that they oppose equitable sharing of benefit.

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Contradictions

Author- Li Yang, PhD,Department of Geography,Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo,

Michigan USA, Issue-2009

Abstract-

Ethnic tourism is increasingly recognized and studied for its economic, social and cultural Importance. This research employs multiple methods including interviews, surveys, informal Discussions, and observations to examine the representation of multi-ethnic cultures in a well-known ethnic theme parks etc. Historical, political and cultural discourses influence how minority people are represented in the attraction. It is argued that effective ethnic involvement in managing cultural display and tourist attractions is essential for the sustainable development of ethnic tourism. The ideal of ethnic tourism is to provide authentic or genuine cultural representations or samples for tourists.

2.5 Article

a) A Choki Dhani at Sangam, By-Rajiv Mani, TNN, Sept 26, 2009

Abstract-

ALLAHABAD: How about spending a holiday in the rustic environment of Purvanchal (parts of eastern Uttar Pradesh) village which comes along with the icing of the bank of mighty rivers of Ganga and Yamuna. The district authorities are planning to develop a mini Indian village and Shilp Haat at the mela area of Arail, Naini. This not only be offering a mini village, depicting a typical village of eastern UP, but this would come with the combo pack of a shilp haat. As the project is being linked up with Kumbh Mela. The campus would also have village theme park, fun area and shilp village.

b) Two ethnic village resorts to be set up on Yamuna expressways.

By- Isha Jain, TNN, April 21,2013

Abstract-

Tourists on way to Taj Mahal through Yamuna Expressway will soon be able to get a taste of Indian culture along the journey. For, the Uttar Pradesh (UP) government is planning to set up at least two resorts based on rural themes similar to Jaipur's famous Chokhi Dhani, according to government officials. Similar to Chokhi Dhani, which showcases the rich culture of Rajasthan, these resorts will depict the culture and village life of UP, said an official, adding foreigners living in Delhi and nearby areas often visit Jaipur's Chokhi Dhani on weekends.

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2.6 Inferences-

a) Attention to cultural representation in ethnic tourism can provide insights into the planning & management of cultural attractions.

b) Ethnic attractions and even the interpretation of exhibitions are often left in the hands of non-ethnic people who may not understand fully the displayed culture and traditions.

c) Ethnic recreational activities- Ethnic architecture, Cultural shows, Overall experience, Ethnic food, Park services, Tourist facilities, Educational & Information, Ethnic folk villages, Ethnic cultural, Staged cultural Shows, Ethnic souvenirs, Visiting historical sites, Boat trips, Fishing, rides, Photography, relaxing area, Bicycle riding, Swimming, Night life, Birding, Drumming, Tasting local cuisine, clothing of ethnic style. As all these attract the tourists.3

d) From history of tourism cultural or ethnic tourism always a focal point for the tourist. e) The socio-cultural & planning issues in ethnic tourism also need to understand the sites

which is design for particular ethnic style & its history to influence its culture.

f) Study of economic, social and cultural Importance of particular area for its tourism investment.

g) The ideal of ethnic tourism is to provide authentic or genuine cultural representations or samples for tourists. As per Indian cultural there is a various cultural change as per states like Kerala ,Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Kolkata, etc. now government want to use these culture for the tourist as a part of tourisms for example Yamuna express ways 2 ethnic village resorts proposal, ethnic village at Sangam, Allahabad, UP. A survey of ethnic village resorts tourism is most demanding in India as per Indian tourism survey. 4

h) Ethnic village resort one of the most recreation activity centre in India & also a point of tourism.

3 An assessment of theme park development in China. In A .Lew, L.Yu, J. Ap & G.Zhang (Eds.) Tourism in China: Geographic, political, and economic Perspectives (Ap, J. (2003).

4 Binghampton: Haworth Craik, J. (2001). Cultural tourism. In N. Douglas, N. Douglas, & R. Derrett (Eds.), Special interest tourism: Context and cases (pp. 114-136). New York: John Wiley & Sons Australia. (195-214).

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Recreation & Recreational Activities

3.1 Introduction-

a) Recreation is an amusement or an activity a person takes part in for pleasure or relaxation rather than as work. Or Recreation has been describe as time, Activity or experience apart from obligations such as work or family.5

b) Recreation & Leisure have multiple meanings based on individual perceptions. For example like Watching TV, Attending Opera, Downloading Music, Write a book. Today consider a major force in our national & local economics.it is responsible for million jobs in such varied fields as government, travels & tourism, Popular entertainment & the arts, health, fitness programs, hobbies& spectators sports. Beyond the value as a form of sociability, recreation also provides major personal benefits in terms of meeting physical, emotional, philosophical & other importance Health related need of participants.67

3.2 Recreation in ancient civilization

i.

Ancient Egypt-

The Egyptian culture was rich.it achieved an advanced knowledge of astronomy,

architecture, engineering, agriculture & construction. The ancient Egyptian led a colourful & pleasant life. It said that their energies were directed to the art of living & art of dying. They engaged in many sports as a part of education & recreation, including wrestling, gymnastic, exercises, lifting & swinging weight, bull fighting & ball games. The Music, drama, Dance were form of religious worship as well as social entertainment.8

ii.

Ancient Assyria & Babylonia-

These kingdom were in the power for approx. 26 countries about 2900 BC. Ancient Assyria & Babylonia had many popular recreational activities such as boxing, wrestling, archery & variety of table games. Additional activities like watching dancing, music listening &

hunting. As early as 9th century Park were established as site for royal hunting parties, they also provided setting for feasts, assemblies, royal gathering.

5 www.outdoorfoundation.org

6 Approaches to measuring cultural diversity in recreation- chieh-lu li, jamesd.absher, yi-chung hsu 7 Recreation & leisure in modern Society- Jones & Bartlett publisher

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iii.

Ancient Greece-(500-400BC)-

In the ancient Greece the humankind reached a new peak of philosophical & cultural development. The Athenians took great interest in the arts, in learning & athletics. Greek Philosophy of recreation & leisure- The Athenians philosophy believed strongly in the unity of mind & body& in the strong relationship of all forms of human qualities & skills. They felt that play activities were essential to the healthy physical & social growth of children.9

iv.

Recreation in Modern Society

Growing generation of young people, recreation &leisure have taken on new meaning of adventure, risk, excitements & fulfilment. Now the recreation is an essential part of human life and finds many different forms which are shaped naturally by individual. Recreational activities can be communal or solitary, active or passive, outdoors or indoors, healthy or harmful, and useful for society or detrimental. A list of typical activities could be almost endless including most human activities, a few examples being reading, playing or listening to music, watching movies or TV, gardening, hunting, hobbies, sports, studies, and travel. Now the idea of recreation includes internet games, downloading & sharing music, instant chatting etc.10

v.

Type of Recreational Activities

Type Of recreational Activities

s.no. Physical Activities Social Activities Cultural Activities Intellectual activities

1 Minor Sports Social dance Arts & Craft Song

2 Groups Game Folk Music Cultural Songs Poetry

3 Camping Parties Cultural Dance Short Story

4 Outing Social Progarms Music Writing

5 Painting

6 Internet Games

7 Puggles

8 Indoor Games

9 Race

TABLE 1 TYPE OF RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES, REF-APPROACHES TO MEASURING CULTURAL DIVERSITY IN RECREATION

9 www.outdoorfoundation.org

10 Approaches to measuring cultural diversity in recreation- chieh-lu li, jamesd.absher, yi-chung hsu, Bruce C. Daniels (1995). Puritans at Play. Leisure and Recreation in Colonial New England. St. Martin's Press, New York

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vi.

Type of Recreational Activities- Outdoor & indoor

Type Of recreational Activities

s.no. Outdoor Activities

Indoor Activities

1

Fishing (Fresh), Fishing (Salt),

Fishing (Fly)

Indoor Exercise

2

Bicycling (Road), Bicycling

(Mountain)

GYM Exercise

3 Wildlife Viewing

Home Gym Exercise

4 Running/Jogging

Other Exercise to Music

5 Camping

Pilates Training

6

Hunting, Hunting (Shotgun),

Hunting (Handgun), Hunting (Bow)

Rowing Machine

7 Bird watching

Stair Climbing Machine

8 Skateboarding

Cycling

9 Trail Running

Stretching

10

Kayaking (Recreational), Kayaking

(Sea), Kayaking (White Water)

Swimming (Fitness/Competition)

11 Climbing (Sport)

Treadmill

12 Rafting

Walking for Fitness

13 Adventure Racing

Weight/Resistance Machines

14 Stand Up Paddling

Yoga

15

Indoor sports

16

Cultural activities- dance, drama,

music, singing, Pottery,wall

Painting, etc.

Cultural activities- dance, drama,

music, singing, handicraft, etc.

TABLE 2– TYPE OF RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES, REF- APPROACHES TO MEASURING CULTURAL DIVERSITY IN RECREATION

vii.

Sports-

i. Sports outdoor/indoor

ii. Traditional indian village games & Sports-hide & find, Kushti, jump, lattu etc. iii. Athletics

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viii.

Other Activities-

i. Archery, Badminton, Billiards/Pool ii. Bowling

iii. Boxing, (for Competition) ,(for Fitness) iv. Tennis, Darts, Golf

v. Gymnastics, Horseback Riding

vi. Martial Arts (for Competition), Martial Arts (for Fitness) vii. Roller Hockey, Roller Skating (2x2 Wheels)

viii. Shooting (Trap/Skeet)

ix. Walking for Fitness, Water Skiing x. Horse, Camel riding

xi. Traditional games

ix.

Recreational Activities for age group

Type Of recreational Activities for Age Group

s.no.

children & young

Senior Citizens

1

Ride- Road, Mountain and Biking

Library- Magazines, newspaper, religious books.

2

Running, Jogging and Trail Running

Indoor Games-Carom Board, Ludo, Playing Cards etc. 3

Car, Backyard

and RV Camping TV, CD player, Radio.

4

Freshwater, Saltwater and Fly Fishing

Yoga, Meditation 5 Hiking

TABLE 3-TYPE OF RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES FOR AGE GROUP, REF-APPROACHES TO MEASURING CULTURAL DIVERSITY IN RECREATION,WWW.OUTDOORFOUNDATION.ORG

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Type Of recreational Activities- By Gender

s.no. Male Activities

Female Activities

1 Riding

Walking

2 Fishing

Swimming

3 Traditional Games

Bicycling

4 Body building

Camping

5 Golf

Horseback,

6 Sports/Athletics

Handicrafts

7 Boat Ride

Reading

8 Team Sports

Board Games

9

Exercise oriented

Dancing, Singing,

music, Cultural

Activities

10 Gardening

Gardening

TABLE 4 RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES BY GENDER, REF-WWW.OUTDOORFOUNDATION.ORG

xi.

Purpose of recreational Activities

11

I. The purpose of recreational activities is to obtain a sense of well-being II. Increase self-esteem

III. Obtain pleasure IV. Express creativity

V. Learn new things, and get personal fulfilment and a sense of control VI. Promote physical & mental fitness

VII. Encourage socializing VIII. Obtain spiritual fulfilment.

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CHAPTER 4

Ethnic Village & Resorts

4.1 Introduction-

1. Ethnic Village is an opportunity for fairgoers to experience many cultural groups as they showcase the traditions of their countries as well as make available a wide variety of food with an international flair.

2. Resorts-a place that is a popular destination for vacations or recreation, or which is frequented for a particular purpose.Ora resort is a place used for relaxation or recreation, attracting visitors for vacations and/or tourism. Resorts are places, towns or sometimes commercial establishment operated by a single company

4.2 Ethnic Village resorts

Ethnic Village resorts is an opportunity for person to experiences culture, local social

style, traditions of country, with the resorts facilities. It is the beginning to bring the culture, traditional folk music and dance to today's not only to children but for everyone, a indication of rich cultural heritage. The ideal of ethnic tourism is to provide authentic or genuine cultural representations. The ethnic village culture is being utilised by the tourism industries as a source for attracting tourist & investment and for promoting cultural development & ethnic unity. Ethnic village resorts tourism is used by many governments for economic and cultural Development. It also assists ethnic minorities in showcasing their culture and reviving their traditions. However, while ethnic tourism has the potential to bring economic and social benefits, it can also adversely impact the culture and sense of identity of ethnic groups.12

4.3

Ethnic Village resorts

recreational activities

i. Ethnic architecture ,Cultural shows

ii. Fire dance, pot dance, traditional instrument music & dance. iii. Ethnic food- Dry food, dinner.

iv. Park services- children play area, female play activities-jhoolas, bell , water Well.

v. Tourist facilities- Like various traditional Dance, puppet show, kathputli dance , shooting, balling, traditional Costume , Photography, tattoos on traditional style.

vi. Educational & Information- Traditional Art Display, exhibition of traditional sculpture, pottery, vehicles, techniques. House, way of learning.

vii. Ethnic folk villages- over all display of ethnic village. Traditional art of decoration, house forms with traditional material.

viii. Ethnic cultural- way of living, language, cultural events-dance, drama, music, pottery items.

12 ethnic tourism and cultural representation li yang, western michigan university, usa

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paintings, various styles of art display souvenirs. x. Visiting historical sites- Traditional historical site xi. Boat trips, Fishing, Rides-Camel, Horse ride. xii. Photography-Traditional Costume, Items. xiii. Relaxing area, Green Areas, Sit out, Pathways.

xiv. Bicycle riding, Swimming, Night life, Birding, Drumming

4.4

Ethnic Village resorts

For Modern Society

As modern society become more interested in close contact with localsand experiencing authentic culture, images of ethnic peoples areincreasingly used to attract tourists to cultural attraction settings suchas heritage sites, museums, galleries, folk villages, cultural theme parks,performing arts venues, and festivals.as per demand of modern society India is having full of heritage culture, different tradition, music, dance, other cultural activities. As per Indian cultural there is a various cultural change as per states like Kerala, Rajasthan, Kolkata, UK, etc. The Indian government also want to use these culture for the tourist as a part of recreation. A survey of ethnic village resorts tourism is most demanding in India as per Indian tourism survey.13

4.5 Ethnic recreational activities in the Society-

At one time, recreation was largely family based in Indian villages. Elders would organise social gathering among themselves in each other’s homes. Children would organise their own

recreations among themselves or together with other children. Often parents and children would join together in the same recreational activities. The effect of this on the cohesion of the family was considerable. Recreation is now increasingly organized outside the family. Modern recreation is not designed for family - wide participation. Whether in the form of movies, sports events, plays, cricket, ‘Kabaddi’, Tennies, dinner parties or Yakshagana, it is designed for the couple or

individual participation.14

13 Recreation & leisure –in modern Society, Jones & Bartlett publisher

14 Recreation Visitor Research: Studies of Diversity, Chapter 17: Approaches to Measuring Cultural Diversity in Recreation

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CHAPTER -5

CASE STUDY-CHOKI DHANI ETHNIC VILLAGE & RESORTS, SONIPAT, HARYANA

5.1 INTRODUCTION-

1. Chokhi Dhani village & resorts, Sonipat is a unique entertainment concept, set in ethnic

Rajasthani village theme. Be it dining or fun & live entertainment, Chokhi Dhani is just the right place for a great evening in Rajasthani style.

2. A masterpiece of art and design spread over 12.5 acres of land, it is a one-stop destination for fun, food and entertainment. Chokhi Dhani village brings to life, a colorful Rajasthani heritage that leaves you awestruck with all the attractions and elements of ethnic culture and tradition. Starting from the welcome tilak that reminds of "PADHARO MAHRE DES" hospitality of Rajasthan, the mandir, village bazaar, folk entertainment, animal rides for children, bioscope, village style photo studio, jyotish, mehendi, games zone, open lawns to relax and bond with each other…, you'll relish every moment of this wonderful village theme entertainment concept.

3. The live dance and music will be appealing for the young and old to join and shake a leg too! The splendid evening of a rajasthani cultural experience ends at the village theme restaurant, Sangri, which serves authentic rajasthani vegetarian cuisine fit for royals. Guests not only enjoy this village theme restaurant, Rajasthani Food, but also the way it is served on leaf platter - traditional rajasthani style.15

5.2 LOCATION-

Chokhi Dhani Sonipat - A place of village culture, 64th Milestone, NH-1,Ganaur, Sonipat, Haryana - 131 101, INDIA. The Distance from Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi to choki dhani sonipath is 76.2 kms. The distance from Panipat is 32 kms.

15 www.chokhidhanisonipat.com

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5.4 HISTORY

Chokhi Dhani Village has been the mirror of Rajasthani culture since 1989. Started as part of ambiance for a restaurant, over the years it has evolved as a tasteful and authentic symbol of ethnic village life of this most colorful state in the country. Today, the name of Chokhi Dhani is synonymous with Rajasthani culture throughout the country.16

16 www.chokhidhanisonipat.com

To Panipat

To Delhi

FIGURE 3-LOCATION MAP CHOKI DHANI REF-WWW.CHOKHIDHANISONIPAT.COM

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5.5 AIM OF CHOKI DHANI VILLAGE RESORTS-

i. To provide the fun & entertainment facilities away from the urban polluted life in Rajasthani culture.

ii. To provide a museum of handicrafts, Ethnic Indian village culture. Which aims to restore extinct arts, Culture and crafts of Rajasthan.

iii. To create a place where tourists can enjoy ethnic food of Rajasthan.17

5.6 CHOKI DHANI ETHNIC VILLAGE RESORTS RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES

Spread over 12.5 acres of beautifully landscaped area for a rustic look, it is dotted with machans & platforms where different folk artists perform concurrently. A village fair is created every evening as an ongoing celebration of the rich & vibrant cultural heritage of Rajasthan.

i. The display of traditional huts and workmanship will take you back to the times when splendour was unpretentious.

ii. Experience the rich warmth and rustic charm of a typical Rajasthani Village at Chokhi Dhani – Sonipat where the festivities never end here.

iii. Live dance and music performance all through the evenings is one of the major attractions at Chokhi Dhani Village.

iv. The exposure that the local folk artistes have received has revived many of the arts and crafts that were getting all but forgotten in these modern times. Few visitors can resist the temptation to join the artistes and dance with the music.18

v. The magic show, the puppet show, acrobatics on a bamboo without the protection of a safety net beneath, the astrologer, the fortune teller parrot all make the visitors spellbound.

17 www.chokhidhanisonipat.com 18 www.chokhidhanisonipat.com

FIGURE 6- ENTRANCE VIEW OF

CHOKI DHANI,

Figure 7 - ENTRANCE WITH PARKING ,

Figure 5- Souvenirs Shop & Fast Food Counter,

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vi. The artificial forest with roar sounds of animals and tribes, boating, horse riding, camel riding, elephant riding and much more are here to rejuvenate you and your family. vii. The Chokhi Dhani Village also has a photo studio with traditional look, a national art and

craft market, a museum and many more places showing rajasthani village culture, villagers' lifestyle with a dining hall, renowned for the mouth-watering and typical Rajasthani food.

5.7 CHOKI DHANI ETHNIC VILLAGE RESORTS RECREATION ACTIVITIES FOR

VISITORS.

I. The center for trade and industries. The Chokhi Dhani Village, promoters of rajasthani theme entertainment concept, offer a unique venue for corporate functions and

entertainment. This village theme entertainment takes you to a voyage through Rajasthan's cultural hamlet in the days of abundance and The traditional welcome tilak, unlimited snacks, bhopa bhopi, ghoomar, live music, variety of rides, jyotish, fun zone, sumptuous vegetarian rajasthani cuisine and more.19

5.8 OBSERVATION

1. The Chokhi Dhani “ethnic resort” which comprises of many huts has all supplementary facilities.

2. The circulation spaces, green or open spaces, relaxing areas, entertainment zones, folk music & dance thus giving a variety to the visual experience.

3. Certain sections of the village complex appear as open-air picture Galleries, museum, and culture, traditional Indian village theme suggesting a lot to observe and study.

19 www.chokhidhanisonipat.com

Figure 9 Inner view of choki dhani, Traditional style of Jhoola & Other Children play up & down.

Figure 10 Milk Counter, Ethnic mud pot used.

FIGURE 8 FOLK DANCE ON A ETHNIC STYLE OF PLATFORM

& INSTRUMENT USED FOR THE PERFORMANCE,

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5.9 ELEMENTS ENHANCING THE THEME

CHOKHI DHANI RESORT 1. Chakki 2. Hall-Dining,Performance,Traditional Music. 3. Pottery 4. Well 5. Platforms 6. Bhool Bhulaiya

7. Ethnic Clothing & Photography

8. Ethnic Style of bell & Drum For Notice & Information 9. Kathputali Dance, Pot Dance, Fire Dance.

10. All Traditional Rides- Elephant, Hourse, Chamel, & Tractor & Tanga. 11. Shooting traditional Style.

Figure 20- train/jhoola Activities

FIGURE

19-CAMEL/HOURSE/TRACTO R RIDE Figure 18- Tattoos/Photograph y FIGURE 17-TRADITIONAL COOKING FIGURE 16-MACHAAN

Figure 15- Pottery Figure 14- Bell Figure 13- Ethnic Costume

FIGURE 11-SHOOTING/DIE

FIGURE 12-BALL SHOOTING

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Criteria to Enjoy the Place

Activities/Function Male Female Children Senior Citizens S.No.

1 Rajasthani food Yes Yes Yes Yes

2 traditional welcome tilak Yes Yes Yes Yes

3 green lawns Yes Yes Yes

4 tree top houses Yes Yes Yes

5 Horse rides Yes Yes

6 Camel Ride Yes Yes Yes

7 Tractor Ride Yes Yes Yes

8 Train Yes Yes

9 Jhoola Yes Yes

10 games zone-Shooting Yes Yes

11 Balling Yes Yes

12 Photography Yes Yes Yes Yes

13 Tattoos Print Yes Yes Yes

14 live music Yes Yes Yes Yes

15 Dance Yes Yes Yes Yes

16 Kathputali Dance Yes Yes Yes Yes

17 Ethnic Style clothing Yes Yes Yes

18 Pottery Yes Yes

19 Bell Yes Yes Yes

20 Water Well Yes Yes

21 Traditional Cooking Yes Yes Yes Yes

22 Bhool Bhulaiya Yes Yes

23

Childrens Play

-slide,Up& down Yes Yes

24 Fire Dance Yes Yes Yes Yes

25 Pot Dance Yes Yes Yes Yes

26 Been Dance Yes Yes Yes Yes

27 Cultural Dance Yes Yes Yes Yes

28 Jyotish Yes Yes

29 temple Yes

30 Sitting Area Yes Yes Yes

31 Souvenirs Shop Yes Yes Yes Yes

32

FIGURE 21- THE RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES WHICH ENJOY THE VISITORS.

80%

20%

ETHNIC VILLAGE RESORTS

LIKE

NOT LIKE

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Figure 23- The Percentage of recreational activities users as per gender & age.

FIGURE 24-PERCENTAGE OF TRADITIONAL ACTIVITIES,DANCE,MUSIC,RIDES, RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES & FOOD LIKE BY USERS.

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Activities/Function Family Visitors

Friends College Couples S.No. Low Income Business Class Villege Cities

1 Rajasthani food Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 2 traditional welcome tilak Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

3 green lawns Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

4 tree top houses Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

5 Horse rides Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

6 Camel Ride Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

7 Tractor Ride Yes Yes Yes Yes

8 Train Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

9 Jhoola Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

10 games zone-Shooting Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

11 Balling Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

12 Photography Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

13 Tattoos Print Yes Yes Yes

14 live music Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

15 Dance Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

16 Kathputali Dance Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 17 Ethnic Style clothing Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

18 Pottery Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

19 Bell Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

20 Water Well Yes Yes Yes

21 Traditional Cooking Yes Yes Yes Yes

22 Bhool Bhulaiya Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 23

Childrens Play

-slide,Up& down Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

24 Fire Dance Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

25 Pot Dance Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

26 Been Dance Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

27 Cultural Dance Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

28 Jyotish Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

29 temple Yes Yes Yes Yes

30 Sitting Area Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 31 Souvenirs Shop Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 32

FIGURE 25-CRITERIA TO ENJOY THE RECREATIONAL PLACE &ACTIVITIESWITHFAMILY,GROUPS, AND VISITORS.

75%

80%

85% 90%

80%

80%

90%

RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES

RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES

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90%

98%

86%

88%

90%

92%

94%

96%

98%

100%

LOW INCOME

BUSINESS CLASS

RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES

LOW INCOME

BUSINESS CLASS

FIGURE 27-THE PERCENTAGE OF LIKE RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES AS PER INCOME.

60%

93%

0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

100% VILLEGE METRO-CITIES

ETHNIC RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES

VILLEGE METRO-CITIES

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5.10 INFERENCES-

The choki Dhani ethnic village & resorts is a mix of traditional folk entertainment, Rajasthani food and ethnic village life environment. The variety of Culture, Food,Dance, Music, traditional activities of Indian village, it is used as a recreation for metropolitan cities people & other culture’s people. Some of the observation related to recreational activities in choki dhani ethnic village resorts.20

1. The assortment of traditional Indian village look used in the ethnic village resorts ambience by virtue of it attracts the visitors to come. The recreational activities spaces like platforms, huts, machan, dining hall interior looks interesting to the visitors & also it gives a sense of individuality & belongingness to the visitors.

2. The recreational areas are well segregated as the Activity type, Dance, Music. The performing activities runs parallel so most of the visitors can enjoy without waiting. 3. The zones divided as per recreational activities & its environment demands like temple,

jyotish, relaxing areas, bhool bhulaiya, ride area, jhoola, dance area, music, shooting, Pottery.

4. The lightning of activity area is insufficient as per activity. Some of the activities not seen properly.

5. Relaxing areas are very less & not proper placed .the senior citizens can’t enjoy the recreational activities properly without relaxing areas, Proper lighting & Pathways to connect one to another activity.

6. Some of the dance activities music sound mixed with the near activities, which distract & unpleasant for visitors.

20 www.chokhidhanisonipat.com

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CHAPTER -6

CASE STUDY- PRATAPGARH FARMS & RESORTS, JHAJJAR,

HARYANA

6.1 INTRODUCTION-

Pratapgarh farm is quite little settlement a small charming holiday village - a unique location set in the backdrop of lush green fields and whispering winds. Its serene pond, jumping sprinklers, lively cattle barns full of goats, sheep, cows, buffaloes, horses, ethnic huts provide a real rural backdrop to outing. A traditional welcome awaits followed by fresh Lassy and Shikanji. A luxurious breakfast of Paranthas with makhan and Dahi at ethnic dining hall sets the mood for the day. Pratapgarh farms Jhajjar, is the best getaway for city people who would want to leave behind all their city luxuries, to experience the true essence of our country.21

6.2 LOCATION-

Pratapgarh farms & resorts in Jhajjar District which is the immediate neighbouring district of Delhi in its North and West. The District headquarter is connected by different highways from Delhi and Gurgaon. Pratapgarh farms is located barely 4 kms from centre of the Jhajjar Town.22

FIGURE 29-PRATAPGARH FARMS & RESORTS, JHAJJAR, HARYANA, SOURCE- GOOGLE MAP

Village Talao, Pataudi Road, District -Jhajjar, Jhajjar 124103, India

21 http://justpicnics.in/pratapgarh/ 22 www.pratapgarhfarms.com,

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us understand the origin of our country better and make us feel closer to our roots.

2. The mirror image of an Indian village, Pratapgarh farms Jhajjar is a botanical garden, wherein guests are involved to perform activities of a villager like gardening, farming and peripheral dairy activities.

3. The experience is a good learning activity for children, who have only read about these things in books.

4. From pottery to arrangement to play local rural games: gulee-danda, pethoo, lattoo, tug of war etc. makes everyone forget their tough lives in the city. The children and the men in the family can enjoy these games, the ladies can indulge in some rural spa rituals like head massage, mud baths, rural facials.

5. One can enjoy delicious vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes of Haryana, Rajasthan and Punjab, making one realize that Indian food is absolutely way above Italian, French, Mexican or fast food cuisine.23

6.4 THE RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES AT PRATAPGARH FARMS & RESORTS-

Experience a superb holiday with the family, friends, Group. Pratapgarh Farms & resorts is a place of fun and food, music dance, live entertainment, natural beauty care, games, sports, adventure activities for full day. There is something in it for everyone –Male, Female and Children.

Fun, entertainment and adventure are close at hand – Burma Bridge, Mud bath, tube well bath .Horse ride, camel ride, cart rides, tractor ride, archery, shooting, gulel shooting, dart shooting – Rural Games – Pithoo, Gilli Danda, Kanche goli, Lattoo, Kite flying, Tug of war, Khusti, Kabbadi, - sports - Cricket, Soccer, Volleyball, table tennis, Croquet, Carom and Badminton – organized games - Tambola, Musical Chairs. – Domestic rural activates. Panihari Chaal (balancing water pails), Mud lep and frescoes, matka painting, rural kitchen cooking, pounding grain, grinding atta, making ghee and butter milk.24

23 www.pratapgarhfarms.com, 24 http://justpicnics.in/pratapgarh 5.5 FIGURE 34-BIRD NAMING FIGURE 33-CAMEL

RIDE WITH ETHNIC

CLOTHS FIGURE 32-SHOOTING FIGURE 31-BADMINTON Figure 30- Burma Bridge

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6.5 MUSIC, CULTURAL AND SPORTS ACTIVITIES-

Music and Cultural Activities – DJ Music, Been and Dholki Dance.

5.7

FIGURE 35-SITE LAYOUT-PRATAPGARH FARMS & RESORTS. REF-GOOGLE MAP

Figure 38- Dholki Dance Figure 37- Been Dance Figure 36- DJ Dance Open area activities Ethnic village activities

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ex- Camel ride, Camel cart ride, Bullock cart ride, Tractor ride.

i. Ethnic Games - Gilli Danda, Pithoo, Lattoo, Kanche goli, Archery, Gulel (sling shot), Dart shooting, Air gun shooting, Kushti, Kabbadi, Kite flying, Tug of war.25

25 http://justpicnics.in/pratapgarh, www.pratapgarhfarms.com, www.mycity4kids.com, www.tripadvisor.in

Figure 41- Camel Ride

Figure 39- Camel Cart Ride Source -www.mycity4kids.com

Figure 40- Tractor Ride, Source

-www.mycity4kids.com

FIGURE 43-SHOOTING Figure 42 Kushti, Source

-www.mycity4kids.com

Figure 45- Mud Bath Figure 44- Tube Well, Source -www.mycity4kids.com

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ii. Sports - Cricket, Soccer, Volleyball and Badminton, Croquet, Trampoline jumping iii. Indoor Games- Table Tennis, Carrom, Chess, Ludo and Snakes and ladders.

iv. Relaxation activities- Mehndi (henna application), mud and gulabari packs, head massage, mud bath and tube well bath.

v. Organized Games- Sack race, spoon race, lemon race, musical chairs, Tambola (for tambola, we provide equipment and space and your group can play by yourself).

vi. Rural Domestic activities- Rural Kitchen – participate with rural women and menfolk in their colourful attires – cooking on hearth, pounding grain, grinding grains, making ghee and butter millk, Panihari Chaal (balancing water pails).

vii. Rural Creative Activities- Pottery, mud lep (applying mud paste to houses) and painting frescoes on mud walls, matka painting.

viii. Agriculture and Dairy Activities- Tending goats, cows, buffaloes and goats, ploughing, sowing, reaping, winnowing.

ix. Visit to Farm – Dairy farm, Poultry farm, Biogas plant, Vermi-composting plant, Herb Garden, Nakshatra Vatika, Navgriha Vatika, Triphla Kunj, Panchvati,26

26 www.pratapgarhfarms.com, www.mycity4kids.com, www.tripadvisor.in Figure 48-

Volleyball

Figure 46 Cricket, Source -www.mycity4kids.com

Figure 47- Trampoline jumping, Source -www.mycity4kids.com

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x.

Activities/Function Male Female Children

Citizens

S.No.

1 Food yes yes yes yes

2 green lawns yes yes yes yes

3 Horse rides yes yes

4 Camel Ride yes yes yes

5 cart rides yes yes

6 Tractor Ride yes yes

7 Jhoola yes yes

8 games zone-Shooting yes yes yes

9 Balling yes yes yes

10 Photography yes yes yes yes

11 music yes yes yes yes

12 Dance yes yes yes yes

13 Pottery yes yes yes

14 Tube Well Bath yes yes yes

15 Traditional Cooking yes yes yes yes

16

Childrens Play

-slide,Up& down yes yes

17 DJ Dance yes yes yes yes

18 Cultural Dance yes yes yes yes

19 Sitting Area yes yes yes yes

20 Bird naming yes yes yes yes

21 Badminton yes yes yes

22 Cricket yes yes yes

23 Kushti yes yes

24 Mud Bath yes yes

25 Burma Bridge yes yes yes yes

26 gulel shooting yes yes yes

27 dart shooting yes yes yes

28 Gilli Danda yes yes yes

29 Kanche goli yes yes yes

30 Lattoo yes yes yes

31 Kite flying yes yes

32 Kabbadi yes yes

33 Volleyball yes yes yes

34 table tennis yes yes yes

35 Carom yes yes yes yes

36 matka painting yes yes

37 rural kitchen cooking yes yes yes yes

38 making ghee yes yes

39 Dholki Dance yes yes yes

40 Trampoline jumping yes yes

41 Tending goats yes yes

42 Sack race yes yes

43 spoon race yes yes

44 lemon race yes yes

45 musical chairs yes yes yes

46 Mehndi yes yes

47 head massage yes yes yes

48 Ludo yes yes yes yes

FIGURE 50- THE RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES WHICH ENJOY THE VISITORS.

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80%

20%

ETHNIC VILLAGE RESORTS

LIKE NOT LIKE

FIGURE 51--PERCENTAGE OF LIKE RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES IN ETHNIC VILLAGE RESORTS.

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Activities/Function Family Visitors

Friends College Couples S.No. Low Income Business Class Villege Cities

1 Food Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

2 green lawns Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

3 Horse rides Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

4 Camel Ride Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

5 cart rides Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

6 Tractor Ride Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

7 Jhoola Yes Yes Yes Yes

8 games zone-Shooting Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

9 Balling Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

10 Photography Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

11 music Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

12 Dance Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

13 Pottery Yes Yes Yes

14 Tube Well Bath Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

15 Traditional Cooking Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

16

Childrens Play

-slide,Up& down Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

17 DJ Dance Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

18 Cultural Dance Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

19 Sitting Area Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

20 Bird naming Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

21 Badminton Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

22 Cricket Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

23 Kushti Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

24 Mud Bath Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

25 Burma Bridge Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

26 gulel shooting Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

27 dart shooting Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

28 Gilli Danda Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

29 Kanche goli Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

30 Lattoo Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

31 Kite flying Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

32 Kabbadi Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

33 Volleyball Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

34 table tennis Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

35 Carom Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

36 matka painting Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

37 rural kitchen cooking Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

38 making ghee Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

39 Dholki Dance Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

40 Trampoline jumping Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

41 Tending goats Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

42 Sack race Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

43 spoon race Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

44 lemon race Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

45 musical chairs Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

46 Mehndi Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

47 head massage Yes Yes

48 Ludo Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

49

FIGURE 53--CRITERIA TO ENJOY THE RECREATIONAL PLACE &ACTIVITIESWITHFAMILY, GROUPS, AND VISITORS.

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FIGURE 54-PERCENTAGE OF TRADITIONAL ACTIVITIES,DANCE,MUSIC,RIDES,SPOTS, RACE,

RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES & FOOD LIKE BY USERS.

90%

80%

86%

74%

76%

78%

80%

82%

84%

86%

88%

90%

92%

FRIENDS

GROUP/SCHOOL

COUPLES

RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES

FRIENDS

GROUP/SCHOOL

COUPLES

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FIGURE 56-THE PERCENTAGE OF LIKE RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES AS PER PLACE OF VISITORS.

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6.6 INFERENCES-

The Pratapgarh farms& resorts is a mix of traditional folk entertainment, recreational sports

activities, traditional Indian village activities, food and ethnic village life environment. The variety of Indian Culture, sports.Food, Dance, Music, traditional activities & games of Indian village, it is used as a recreation for metropolitan cities people, children’s to learn and enjoy the traditional indian village activities & its culture & other culture’s people. Some of the observation related to recreational activities in Pratapgarh ethnic village resorts.27

1. The variety of traditional Indian village look used in the ethnic village resorts ambience by which it attracts the visitors. The recreational spaces like dining hall interior in haveli style, the traditional Indian village activities like Indian kitchen, camel ride, camel cart ride, looks interesting to the visitors & also it gives a sense of individuality & belongingness to the visitors.

2. The recreational activities in the pratapgarh farms & resorts are much related to children’s, Play, perform or task based, so the groups of visitors like school children’s enjoy the activities.

3. The Indian traditional village activities & sports, is majorly used in the pratapgarh farms & resorts. Most of the visitor’s like to come for the Indian village activities & games.

4. The zones not divided as per recreational activities & its environment demands like Dj Dance & relaxing area in the same place so it create a unappealing effect.

5. Relaxing areas are very less & not proper placed .the senior citizens can’t enjoy the recreational activities properly without relaxing areas, Proper Pathways to connect one to another activity. As per recreational activity time 4-5 hour everybody needs to take rest & relaxing as a part of recreation.

6. Some of the dance activities music sound mixed with the near activities, which distract & unpleasant for visitors.

7. The recreational areas are not well segregated as the Activity type, Dance, Music. The performing activities runs parallel so most of the visitors can enjoy without waiting. 8. The variety of food is limited. Many visitors needs choice in dishes so they can enjoy the

food.

9. At a time of school children’s tours it looks over crowded & also unmanaged. By which the family visitors affected to enjoy the activities.28

27www.pratapgarhfarms.com

28 www.damdamalakegurgaon.com, http://justpicnics.in/pratapgarh/, www.pratapgarhfarms.com, www.mycity4kids.com, www.tripadvisor.in

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Comparative Study

COMPARISON BETWEEN CASE STUDIES

s.no Choki Dhani Ethnic village resorts Pratapgarh Farms& resorts

1 Introduction-The choki Dhani ethnic village & resorts is a mix of traditional folk

entertainment, Rajasthani food and ethnic village life environment. The variety of Culture, Food,Dance, Music, traditional activities of Indian village

Introduction-The Pratapgarh farms& resorts is a mix of

traditional folk entertainment, recreational sports activities, traditional Indian village activities & Games , food and ethnic village life environment.

2 Location- Pratapgarh Farms &

Resorts,Village Talao, Pataudi Road, District -Jhajjar, Haryana, India

Location-Chokhi Dhani Sonipat - A place of village

culture, 64th Milestone, NH-1

Ganaur, Sonipat, Haryana - 131 101, INDIA

3 Culture- Ethnic village ,Rajasthani Culture & Rajasthani food style

Culture- Ethnic village ,Haryana Culture & haryana

traditional food style

4 The variety of traditional Indian village look used in the choki dhani ethnic village resorts ambience

The variety of traditional Indian village look used in the pratapgarh farms & resorts ambience

5 Recreational activity types- Traditional Indian Village activities- Pottery,Tractor ride,Well,Ethnic Clothing,Kitchen,Shooting-Gun,Ball. Ride-Camel,Horse.,Bhool bhulaiya,Jhoola,Machan,temple

,Jyotish,Dance-folk,Pot,Fire,Been. Relexing areas,kathputali dance, train, Photography & tattoos.

Recreational activity types- Sports -indoor & outdoor

activities & Traditional Indian Village activities- Pottery,Tractor ride,Ethnic Clothing,Kitchen,Shooting-Gun,Ball, Gilol, Ride-Camel,Horse,cart,Jhoola,,Dance-folk,Been,DJ,Dholki. Relexing areas,Tube well Bath,Mud bath, latoo,kite,wall& pot painting,rece,head massage, mehdi, gilli Danda.etc

6 Major Recreational activities used in choki

Dani- Traditional rajasthani & Indian village

culture activities.

Major Recreational activities used in Pratapgarh Farm& Resorts- Traditional Indian village culture

activities.& Sports Activities.

7 Food- Rajasthani Style of food with various dishes. Dinner only.

Food- Haryana Traditional Style of food with Limited

veriety of dishes. breakfast & lunch

8 Type of visitor's to come for recreation in

majority- the visitor's with

family,Groups,Friends & Couples.

Type of visitor's to come for recreation in majority-

School Childrens, College Groups, family,Friends & Couples.

9 Time Period- Evening 6.00 pm to 11.00 pm Time Period- Morning9.30 am to 5.00 pm

10 Probleums- Lightning of recreational activitiy spaces is insufficient, Pathways & circulation Sapaces,green spaces, relexing areas not provided as per need.family People enjoy & much comfoortable with the traditional village activities like dance, music, pottery,

photography, ethnic,clothing, rides, etc. all the activites runs parallel so the chances of over croeded is reduse & Also waiting time for activities.

Probleums- Recreational activities some time over

crowded when the school childrens used,looks unpleasant , relexing areas not provided as per need. Verity of Food is limited,Wating time too much for activities.Family People feels uncomfortable with the outdoor activities by the over crowded & Contineously high volume of DJ Sounds.

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7.1 Inferences-

The choki dhani ethnic village resorts & Pratapgarh farms& resorts both is a mix of traditional folk entertainment, traditional Indian village activities& games, food and ethnic village life environment. Some of the observation related to recreational activities in Pratapgarh resorts & choki dhani ethnic village resorts comparative study.

1. The traditional Indian village look used in the ethnic village style of resorts to create an ethnic environment. The culture of Indian village & its traditional activities & games which attracts the visitors.

2. The recreational activities in the pratapgarh farms & resorts are much related to children’s, Play, perform or task based, but in the choki dhani The traditional rajasthani culture

activities which attract the all age group people & enjoy the activities like folk dance, music, kathputli dance, ethnic clothing, bhool bhulaiya, machan, etc. aal these activities can be used in ethnic village resorts as a recreational activities.

3. The Indian traditional village activities & games, is majorly used in the Pratapgarh farms & resorts. Most of the visitor’s like to come for the Indian village activities & games. Games activity much like to children’s but also attract the young’s to connect with the past. 4. The zones divided as per recreational activities & its environment demands & relaxing

area, circulation area, green spaces in the segregated place so it appealing to the visitors. 5. The variety of food also be a part of recreation so the variety of food & dining halls is also a

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Conclusion and Recommendations-

The ethnic village resorts have a unique concept of fun, food and entertainment. The major attraction elements are ethnic culture & Indian tradition, it gives a sense of individuality & belongingness to the visitors.

The use of traditional Indian village activities & its games need to be collaborated into the ethnic village resorts theme. It can create people interest into the ethnic village resort as a recreational activity region.

The food is the fundamental need to gather the people in a resorts.so there are need to some fast food, drinks. The variety of food need to be increase so visitors can have a multiple choice of food not a single traditional style of food.

The relaxing areas should suitable & provide as per need, not to place near sound activity. The relaxing or sitting areas provided as per activity needs & also in the centre for an overall view of activity zone.

The pathways need to be incorporated with the recreational activity zones because it also play a role of recreational activity. It also help for handicap & senior citizens to link one activity to another. The recreational activities should for all the age groups not for singles age group like children’s oriented recreational activities if provided then, at a time of recreation it looks over crowded place of same age group & also difficult to manage. This type of miss concept recreational activities effects also the other age group visitors. So the area of recreational activities & games should be as par visitors. Activities zones. Or a time limit we can manage the recreational activities.

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References

1. www.chokhidhanisonipat.com 2. tourtravelworld.com

3. An assessment of theme park development in China. In A .Lew, L.Yu, J. Ap & G.Zhang (Eds.) Tourism in China: Geographic, political, and economic Perspectives (Ap, J. (2003). 4. Binghampton: Haworth Craik, J. (2001). Cultural tourism. In N. Douglas, N. Douglas, & R. Derrett (Eds.), Special interest tourism: Context and cases (pp. 114-136). New York: John Wiley & Sons Australia. (195-214).

5. www.outdoorfoundation.org

6. Approaches to measuring cultural diversity in recreation- chieh-lu li, jamesd.absher, yi-chung hsu, Bruce C. Daniels (1995). Puritans at Play. Leisure and Recreation in Colonial New England. St. Martin's Press, New York

7. Recreation & leisure in modern Society- Jones & Bartlett publisher 8. www.damdamalakegurgaon.com

9. http://justpicnics.in/pratapgarh/ 10. www.pratapgarhfarms.com 11. www.mycity4kids.com, 12. www.tripadvisor.in

13. ETHNIC TOURISM AND Cultural REPRESENTATION Li Yang, Western Michigan University, USA

14. Recreation & leisure –in modern Society, Jones & Bartlett publisher

15. Approaches to measuring cultural diversity in recreation- chieh-lu li, james d.absher, yi-chung hsu, (Henderson, 2003; Walsh & Swain, 2004; Year, 2002). (Santos & Yan, 2008; Swain, 1989, 1990), (Oakes, 1997; Picard & Wood, 1997; Smith,1989)

16. Recreation Visitor Research: Studies of Diversity, Chapter 17: Approaches to Measuring Cultural Diversity in Recreation, Chieh-Lu Li,1 James D. Absher,2 Yi-Chung Hsu,3 and Alan R. Graefe4

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