VIETNAM & CAMBODIA. 15 January 12 February Raoul Beunen & Marije Louwsma

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VIETNAM & CAMBODIA

15 January – 12 February 2010

Raoul Beunen & Marije Louwsma

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Vietnam & Cambodia, 2010

From 14 January to 13 February 2010 we made a trip to South Vietnam and Cambodia. During this trip we visited some areas specifically to look for birds. In total we found 291 different species, 226 in Vietnam and 127 in Cam-bodia.

Especially the two visited areas in Vietnam (Cat Tien National Park and Dalat) offered the possibility to see a large number of species in a short time. Highlights of the trip include Siamese Fireback, Germain’s Peacock-Pheasant, Green Peafowl, Bengal Florican, Black Baza, Grey-headed Fish-eagle, Spot-billed Pelican, Milky Stork, Blue-rumped Pitta, Bar-bellied Pitta, Dusky Broadbill, Orange-breasted Laughingthrush, Collared Laughingthrush, Vietnamese Cutia, Grey-crowned Crocias, Mekong Wagtail and Vietnamese Greenfinch.

The people in Vietnam and Cambodia are very friendly and many of them speak English. The only deception we had was the bird watching tour to Prek Toal Bird Sanctuary that we booked at OSMOSE. Despite its high price of $80,- per person we hardly did any bird watching and were only in the Sanctuary between 1 and 5 p.m., which was a good time to get a sunburn, but not to see birds.

Weather

The weather was overall warm, especially in Cambodia. Dalat was cooler. Only in Cat Tien we experienced some rain, which started in the afternoon and lasted a whole day.

Logistics, money and costs

In total we spend about € 600,- ($ 814,-) per person on this trip, not including the tickets for the flight from Amsterdam to Bangkok (€ 600,-). Most expensive were the accommodation in Cat Tien ($ 140,- for 5 nights), the excursion with OSMOSE to Prek Toal ($ 80,- per person) and the entrance fee to the temples of Angkor Wat ($ 40,- per person for 3 days). Other excursions to the Mekong Delta, Ream National Park and the islands near Sihanoukville cost about $ 20 per person.

Travelling around is very easy as most places are well connected by various bus companies. The bus rides, how-ever, do take some time, especially around the bigger cities (Saigon, Phnom Penh) due to heavy traffic. Journeys in Cambodia take a long time due to the long distances that need to be travelled between the various places. Most busses have air-condition, some have toilets and they all stop once or twice for breakfast, lunch or dinner. Accommodation is available in a wide variety and many price-classes. We mainly used simple rooms with a fan, which cost from $ 5,- in Kratie to $ 15,- in Saigon. We never booked in advance and only in Siem Reap we found two hotels/guesthouses already full. Both accommodations were popular places well-known from the travel guides and an alternative was easily found. Accommodation in Cat Tien is basic and relatively expensive. We paid $ 25,- for a bungalow (room) near the headquarters and $ 20,- per person for a room at Crocodile Lake.

Food is generally very good (a little more basic and less choice in Cambodia) and except for the more touristic places in Cambodia we never paid more than $ 5 for a meal for both of us, including drinks. The food stalls in the market of Dalat are highly recommended, very nice food, friendly people, fast services, large fruit shakes and that all for only 70.000 VND, less than $ 2,- per person.

To get to the various sites we used taxi’s, local busses, tuktuks, motor taxis and boats. Prices vary, local busses in Vietnam are very cheap, whereas taxi and tuktuk drivers sometimes try to overcharge. It was very easy to ar-range transport in all the places. There are always people that will take you to the places you want to go, and for the right price they bring you everywhere.

Cash machines can be found in most places (except Kratie and Cat Tien). The exchange rate during our stay was $ 1 = 18.400 VND (€ 1 = 26.000 VND). In Cambodia you can pay with dollars everywhere (it is also the currency that comes from the ATMs). The change sometimes comes in Cambodian Riel ($ 1 = 4000 Cambodia Riel).

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Itinerary

14-1 departure from Schiphol Airport 15-1 arrival in Bangkok

16-1 flight from Bangkok to Saigon 17-1 travel to Cat Tien

18-1 Cat Tien 19-1 Cat Tien 20-1 Cat Tien

21-1 Cat Tien – crocodile lake 22-1 Cat Tien to Dalat 23-1 Dalat, Di Nung Trai

24-1 Dalat, Lang Biang Mountain 25-1 Dalat, Ho Tuyen Lam, Datanla Falls 26-1 Dalat, Di Nung Trai

27-1 travel from Dalat to Mui Ne 28-1 travel from Mui Ne to Saigon 29-1 trip through Mekong Delta 30-1 trip through Mekong Delta

31-1 travel from Saigon to Kamphong Thom 1-2 Kamphong Thom and travel to Siem Reap 2-2 Siem Reap, Angkor Wat

3-2 Siem Reap, Prek Toal Bird Sanctuary 4-2 Siem Reap, Angkor Wat

5-2 travel from Siem Reap to Kratie 6-2 Kratie

7-2 travel from Kratie to Sihanoukville 8-2 Sihanoukville

9-2 Sihanoukville, island excursion

10-2 Sihanoukville, excursion Ream National Park 11-2 travel from Sihanoukville to Phnom Phen 12-2 flight back from Phnom Phen to Bangkok 13-2 flight from Bangkok to Schiphol

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Visited Places VIETNAM

Cat Tien National Park

Cat Tien consists of a nice forest, where Bar-bellied and Blue-rumped Pitta’s, various broadbills and kingfishers can easily be found. More difficult, but non impossible are Siamese Fireback and Germain’s Peacock Pheasant. Orange-necked partridge also occurs here, but this species is hard to find.

The park can easily be reached by public transport. The busses that drive from Saigon to Dalat will stop near the park (tell the bus driver that you want to go to Cat Tien) and there are always motor taxis who could bring you to the park headquarters, although they tend to overcharge (we paid almost twice as much as what we paid when arranging the motor taxis at the park office). If you call the headquarters in advance they can also arrange a pick-up for you. At the headquarters you can arrange a bungalow, accommodation at crocodile lake, bicycles and if you like guides and transportation to the trailheads that are further away. Many birds can be found near the road and along the trails near the headquarters. It is about 1.8 km. from the headquarters to the Heaven’s Rapid Track and about 2,5 km. to the trailhead of the Uncle Dong’s Trail. A small trail starts from the bear enclosure behind the headquarters. It runs parallel to the road and leads to the big tree along the Lagerstoemia trail. This part of the trail is more open (less undergrowth) which makes it easier to see pitta’s. Pittas are also easy to find along the trail to Crocodile Lake.

Dalat

Dalat is a small town in the mountains of south Viet-nam. Various endemics and near endemic species can be found in the surroundings of the city. There are plenty of busses from Saigon to Dalat and once in Dalat you can choose from a wide variety of hotels to stay. Most birding sites around Dalat can be reached by public transport and otherwise it is fairly cheap to hire a taxi.

We visited Di Nong Trai, Mount Lang Biam, Ho Tuyem Lam and the Datanla Falls. Good directions for these sites can be found in the tripreport of Vincent v.d. Spek (http://www.tripreports.nl/). The busses leave from a small busstation just southwest of the lake. If you want to go to Di Nong Trai ask for busses to Nam Bam.

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Mui Ne

Mui Ne is a long stretched beach resort, where we stopped for one night on the return from Dalat to Saigon. We found this place rather disappointing and only saw a few birds.

Mekong Delta

The Mekong Delta is a large area that is mainly used for rice production and other agricultural activities. We took an organised two day trip (many companies in Saigon offer various trip). These trips are extremely cheap and offer a good possibility to visit the delta and the floating markets. The focus is, of course, on toursitic sights and activities. During the trip we only saw a few birds.

CAMBODIA

Kamphong Thom

The grasslands near Kamphong Thom are fa-mous because of the occurrence of the Bengal Florican and wintering Manchurian Reed-War-blers. Unfortunately, the areas around the city have been cultivated in the past years and the habitats are highly degraded.Nevertheless we were lucky enough to find one Florican near the village Rolous. If you want to try ask one of the motortaxi drivers in front of Arunas Guest House. We used the services of Sarom and one of his friends. They know where to look for this bird.

Kratie

Most tourists go to Kratie to see the Irrawaddy Dolphin. Most birders go here to see the recently described Mekong Wagtail. This species can be found a little north of Kratie at the same place where the Iriwaddy Dolphins can be seen. The wagtail lives on the small islands in the river. A boat trip along these island is the easiest way to find them.

The shores of the lake at Kratie are also very interesting. Many species can be found here. The easiest way to reach the shores is via a small dike that starts a few block south of the market square (see map).

Siem Reap (Angkor Wat temples)

The main tourist attraction of Cambodia and one of the most impressive temple complexes in the world. There is a lot of forest at the temple grounds and some nice birds can be seen here.

Sihanoukville

A beach resort in the south of Cambodia. Several interesting parks can be found in the vicinity and be visited through here.

Further reading

The tripreports by Vincent van der Spek (www.tripreports.nl) and Henk Hendriks (http://www.birdtours.co.uk/ tripreports/vietnam/vietnam-10/vietnam-march-2006.htm) are both very useful if travelling independently and include some detailed maps of the visited sites.

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Day to day account

Cat Tien National Park

17-1-2010

After a bus ride from Saigon, which took about 5 hours, we arrived in a small place from where we could take a motortaxi to Cat Tien. The motordrivers were already waiting, but unfortunately they wanted too much money. After some negotiations we managed to reduce the price to 150 VND per person, still too much, but we did not seem to have any alternatives. Other people told us later that they even had to pay much more. This rip-off prob-ably can be avoided if the park headquarters are called and asked to arrange a pick-up. On the way back we only had to pay 80 VND for the same trip. In the afternoon we made a short walk along the road into the park. Within a couple of hours we managed to see some nice birds, most of them foraging along the small pools near the main road. We saw Siamese Fireback (2 male and 1 female), Orange-Breasted Trogon, Asian paradise flycatcher,

Tickell’s blue-flycatcher, Hainan Blue-flycatcher and a male Siberian Blue-robin. 18-1-2010

Today we walked Uncle Dong’s trail. We had a good start with 2 Golden-crested Mynas and 4 Siamese Firebacks

on the road just before the trailhead. Along the trail we had superb views of Blue-rumped Pitta (2 seen and sev-eral more heared) and a brief glimpse of a Bar-bellied Pitta. We also saw 2 Black Baza’s here. Later on we walked the Heaven’s rapid track and here we found a nice Black-and-red Broadbill. In the afternoon we hired two bikes and cycled to the open grasslands to the west of the headquarters. Unfortunately it was very quiet in this area and we ended the day in deception when a heavy rainstorm started and one of our bicycles got broken. 19-1-2010

The rain that started the previous evening lasted the whole night and continued during the day. We tried to find some birds during the few hours that the rain was reduced to a drizzle, but it was, as expected, very quiet. Never-theless we saw some new birds like Crimson Sunbird, Forest Wagtail, Blue-whistling Thrush, Lesser Yellownape

and a lovely Blue-eared Kingfisher. 20-1-2010

Fortunately the rain had more or less stopped this day. We walked the Uncle Dung’s Trail and the Heavens Rapid Track. Due to the rain the leeches had become active and several of them found their way to our ankles. The best birds include a small flock of Dusky broadbills, Grey-faced Tit-babbler and a Black-backed Kingfisher. Several pit-tas were heard, but none came into sight.

21-1-2010

This day we left early morning to hike to Crocodile Lake where we would spend the night. We did not see many birds along the trail. This was made up by some superb views of both pitta species, which proved to be fairly common along the trail. The afternoon was spent on the veranda near the lake. Here we saw fishing Ospreys,

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Grey-headed Fish-eagle, Pied Kingfisher, Great Hornbill and at dusk 2 male and 4 female Green Peafowl came out of the forest, together with about 50 Red Jungle fowl. Just before dark a large flock of Great-eared Nightjar

was hunting above the lake. 22-1-2010

After an early rise we started walking back to the main road. Along the trail we saw Great Hornbill and again both Bar-bellied Pitta and Blue-rumped Pitta were seen. Near the boardwalk we saw a Common Palm Civet! When we drove back to the headquarters we spotted a Germain’s Peacock-pheasant that crossed the road just before our jeep. Unfortunately it immediately disappeared deeper into the forest.

At the headquarters we arranged two motor taxis that brought us to the bus to Dalat. In Dalat we checked in in hotel . The rest of the day was spent walking in the city.

Dalat

23-1-2010

Our first morning in Dalat was spent at Di Nong Trai looking for the endemic Grey-crowned Crocias. In retrospec-tive this proved to be a good choice as we had lovely weather during this visit, while the wind was much stronger a few days later, limiting bird activity enormously. Not this morning, birds were everywhere in large numbers. It was truly one of the best birding moments ever. The only “problem” was where to watch with so many large flocks flying around. Fortunately the crocias were calling frequently which made it easy to find them. During the morning we had several close views on the Grey-crowned Crocias. Other birds that were seen included

Black-browed Barbet, Large Niltava, Little Pied Flycatcher, White-cheeked Laughingthrush, Black-headed Sibia,

Grey-headed Parrotbill, Mrs Gould’s and Black-throated Sunbird and White-rumped Munia. An Orange-breasted Laughingthrush was calling, but refused to show itself.

Around noon bird activity was slowing down and at 1 h. we flagged down a bus on the main road to get back to Dalat. The rest of the day was spent in the city.

24-1-2010

The previous day we met some other birders who told us that they had a disappointing visit to Lang Biang Mountain due to the strong winds there. Therefore we decided to risk the crowds and visit this place on Sunday while the weather was still fine. This proved to be a good choice, most people only arrive after 10 h. and we had little wind. Early morning we took a taxi to the park entrance where we arrange a jeep ride to the beginning of the birding track. Quickly we moved through the first parts of the track which lead to the pine forest. As soon as we descended into the pass I heard a Collared Laughingthrush calling. With a little patience we managed to get some descent views of two birds. With this target species in the pocket we decided to climb to the top. The trail had some steep and muddy parts and it took some time to reach the top. Along the way and back we found some nice flocks which contained many species. Amongst other we had some nice views of Lesser shortwing,

Grey-bellied Tesia (which is fairly common along the track), Rufous-capped Babbler, Rufous-winged Fulvetta,

Pygmy wren-babbler and Rufous-gorgeted flycatcher. Another highlight were 6 Collared Laughingthrushes that crossed the track and showed extremely well. We encountered this group just below the top. On the way back we spent some more time in the pine forest. Here we saw several Mugimaki Flycatchers, Little Pied Flycatcher,

White-throated Rock Thrush, Vietnamese Crossbill, White-browed Shrike Babbler, and one Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon.

25-1-2010

This day we went to Ho Tuyen Lam, the site behind the artificial lake, close to Dalat. This site is not reachable by public transport and we arranged a taxi to bring us and to pick us up later that day. The first parts of the trail are not particularly interesting from a birding perspective (scenery is nice), but after a while it crossed some nice patches of broadleaf forest where we found many birds, including White-tailed Robin, Green-backed Tit, Yellow-cheeked Tit, White-spectacled Warbler, Blue-winged Minla and Grey-headed Parrotbill. Also the forest behind camp 2 proved to be good with several Vietnamese Cutias, Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker, Black-throated Tit

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and Vietnamese Greenfinch. Unfortunately we failed to find any Yellow-billed Nuthatch.

In the afternoon we visited Datanla Falls. The Falls are not really interesting, but nevertheless our visit was a success as we saw some nice species like Red-headed Trogon, Ochraceous Bulbul, Black-eared Shrike Babbler,

Blue-winged Minla, Black-headed Sibia and Streaked Spiderhunter. To get back we flagged down a bus in the direction of Dalat along the main road.

26-1-2010

Within 3 days we managed to see almost all endemics and specialities of Dalat. We decided to visit Di Nong Trai one more time because we liked to enjoy the large flocks again. We took an early bus from the bus station and arrived at the site around 7 h. Unfortunately the wind was much stronger this morning. Bird activity was really low and we only found a couple of birds. A Mountain Tailorbird was new, just like the Red-vented Barbet and we did hear Orange-breasted Laughingthrush again.

Mui Ne

27-1-2010

After a long bus drive through the mountains we arrived in Mui Ne where we hiked the stream. 28-1-2010

We walked the stream again and this time we found some interesting birds, like Blue Rock-thrush, Hoopoe,

Common Iora, Spotted Owlet and Yellow Bittern. Around 13:00 o’clock we left Mui Ne and were heading back to Saigon.

Mekong Delta

29 and 30-1-2010

These days were spend in the Mekong Delta. During the boat rides we saw species like Collared Kingfisher, Yel -low-bellied Prinia, Ashy Tailorbird, Brown-throated Sunbird and Plaintive Cuckoo.

31-1-2010

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Kamphong Thom

1-2-2010

The grasslands southwest of Kamphong Thom used to be good habitat for Bengal Florican. Unfortunately most habitat is destroyed due to burning, ploughing and grazing and the best habitat is now further away from Kam-phong Thom. We decided to try the area and arranged two motor taxis. It is about 30 minutes driving to the area. Early morning we found Ruddy-breasted Crake, Watercock and both Pied and Eastern Marsh Harrier. On the way back we found a Painted Stork and when we walked a bit through a small field in order to photo-graph a Common Stonechat. Suddenly a male Bengal Florican flew up and landed a couple of hundred meters further where it again disappeared in the vegetation. Despite this vegetation being really small we had not seen it before and we did not see it again (we did not do any further searching to prevent disturbing the bird again).

Siem Reap (Angkor Wat temples)

2-2-2010 & 4-2-2010

These days were spend around the temples of Angkor Wat. We hired bicycles and biked the big circuit. We did not see many birds and a couple of Black Bazas was one on the highlights.

3-2-2010

We used the services of Osmose to visit Prek Toal Bird Sanctuary. The main targets were of course Greater Adjutant, Milky Stork and Spot-billed Pelican. Unfortunately this expensive trip turned out to be a big deception. We left too late and wasted a lot of time on the lake with breakfast (not sailing). Therefore we did not arrive in the creeks before noon. When we finally arrived bird activity was very low and we got stuck in the bushes several times because the accompanying villagers did not know the right routes to platform number 5. A visit to the tow-er gave a view ovtow-er the impressive colonies of wattow-er birds, but unfortunately no Greattow-er Adjutants wtow-ere present here. We did find one Milky Stork. One Spot-billed Pelican flew over and two more were present on the canal on the way back. Other birds that were seen during this trip include Green Heron, Glossy Ibis, Black-headed Ibis,

Little, Indian and Great Cormorants and both Brahamy Kite and Grey-headed Fisheagle.

Kratie

5-2-2010 & 6-2-2010

A famous place to see the Irrawaddy Dolphin as well as the near endemic Mekong Wagtail. The best spot to see these species is about 15 km north of Krati. We saw about 5 Dolphins and 3 Mekong Wagtails. White-wagtail of the subspecies Leucopsis was also present as well as Spot-billed Duck and Pied Kingfisher. We did not see any Small Pratincole, as species that is often recorded here. The lake on the southeast border of town is also worth visiting. During two visits we found White-browed Crake, Bluethroat, Oriental Reed-warbler, Red-throated

Pipit, Asian Golden Weaver and Pallas’ Warbler here.

Sihanoukville

7-10-2-2010

We spend the last couple of days of our holiday on the beach in Sihanoukville. We made day trips to some of the islands offshore and to Ream National Park. During these days we could add Barred Buttonquail, White-bellied See eagle, White-Bellied Pigeon, Vernal Hanging-parrot, Pacific Swallow and Orange-headed Thrush to our list.

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List of species (291)

V = recorded in Vietnam C = recorded in Cambodia (h) heard only

V Scaly-breasted Partridge Arborophila chloropus several at Cat Tien, some seen very well

V Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus large flocks near Crocodile Lake, few elsewhere in the park

V Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi 3 and 4 along the road near the Uncle Dong trailhead

V Germain’s Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron germaini 1 flew across the road on the way back from Croc. Lake

V Green Peafowl Pavo muticus a few male and several females at Crocodile Lake

V Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica a few at Crocodile Lake

C Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha 1 at Kampi

V Small Buttonquail Turnix sylvatica 1 at the grasslands south of the HQ in Cat Tien

C Barred Buttonquail Turnix suscitator seen twice at Sihanoukville

V Grey-capped Woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus several at Ho Tuyem Lam

V Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus one near the Heaven’s Rapid Track

V Greater Yellownape Picus flavinucha several seen at Cat Tien,

V Laced Woodpecker Picus vittatus fairly common at Cat Tien

V Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus fairly common around Dalat

V Common Flameback Dinopium javanense several at Cat Tien

V Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus several at Cat Tien

V Black-and-buff Woodpecker Meiglyptes jugularis 2 seen well at Cat Tien

V Red-vented Barbet Megalaima lagrandieri several at Di Nong Trai

V Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata Cat Tien , Ho Tuyem Lam

C Green-eared Barbet Megalaima faiostricta Ream National Park

V Golden-throated Barbet Megalaima franklinii Lang Biang Mountain

V Black-browed Barbet Megalaima oorti Di Nong Trai, Ho Tyem Lam

V Blue-eared Barbet Megalaima australis Cat Tien

V C Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala common around Angkor Wat

V C Oriental Pied-Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris several at Cat Tien, Ream National Park

V Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis a few seen near Crocodile Lake, Cat Tien

V C Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops Mui Nee

V Orange-breasted Trogon Harpactes oreskios common at Cat Tien

V Red-headed Trogon Harpactes erythrocephalus 1 behind the Datanla Falls

V C Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis Cat Tien

V Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis 1 at the grasslands at Cat Tien

V C Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis indeed very common, especially in Cambodia

V Blue-eared Kingfisher Alcedo meninting 1 at a small pond near the road at Cat Tien

V Black-backed Kingfisher Ceyx erithacus 1 at a small pond near the road at Cat Tien

V Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis 1 at a small pond near the road at Cat Tien

V White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis Crocodile Lake

V C Black-capped Kingfisher Halcyon pileata Prek Toal

V Collared Kingfisher Todirhamphus chloris a few in the Mekong Delta

V C Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis at Crocodile Lake and at Kampi

V Blue-bearded Bee-eater Nyctyornis athertoni a few seen at Cat Tien

V Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis several at Mui Nee

V C Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus Prek Toal, Sihanoukville

V Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaulti Cat Tien

V Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus Cat Tien

V Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii Cat Tien

V C Plaintive Cuckoo Cacomantis merulinus Mekong Delta

V C Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopacea Angkor Wat

V C Green-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus tristis Cat Tien , Mui Nee, Prek Toal

V Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis Cat Tien

V C Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis Kamphong Thom

V C Vernal Hanging-Parrot Loriculus vernalis Bamboo Island

V C Red-breasted Parakeet Psittacula alexandri a large group at Angkor Wat, Ream National Park

V C Germain’s Swiftlet Aerodramus germanus Cat Tien

V Silver-backed Needletail Hirundapus cochinchinensis Cat Tien

V C Asian Palm-Swift Cypsiurus balasiensis Angkor Wat

C Fork-tailed Swift Apus pacificus Kamphong Thom

V C House Swift Apus nipalensis very common at Dalat

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V Asian Barred Owlet Glaucidium cuculoides Cat Tien

V Spotted Owlet Athene brama Mui Nee

V Brown Hawk-owl Ninox scutulata 1 calling near the river at Cat Tien

V Great Eared-Nightjar Eurostopodus macrotis a few around the HQ and many at Crocodile Lake, Cat Tien

V C Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis Crocodile Lake , Kampi

V C Red-collared Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica Cat Tien , Kratie

V Pompadour Green-Pigeon Treron pompadora Cat Tien

V Thick-billed Green-Pigeon Treron curvirostra Cat Tien

V Wedge-tailed Green-Pigeon Treron sphenura 1 at Lang Biam Mountain and 2 at Di Nong Trai

C Green Imperial-Pigeon Ducula aenea 1 at an island at Sihanoukville

V Mountain Imperial-Pigeon Ducula badia Di Nong Trai

C Bengal Florican Eupodotis bengalensis 1 male south of Kamphong Thom

V White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus Cat Tien

C Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana fusca 1 south of Kamphong Thom

C White-browed Crake Porzana cinerea several near the lake at Kratie

C Watercock Gallicrex cinerea 1 south of Kamphong Thom

V C Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio Prek Toal

V Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus Mui Nee

C Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura Kratie

C Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago Kratie, Sihanoukville

C Common Redshank Tringa totanus Kamphong Thom

C Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia Kamphong Thom

C Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus Kratie

V C Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos Kampi, Sihanoukville

V Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus Crocodile Lake

C Pacific Golden-Plover Pluvialis fulva Kamphong Thom

C Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius Kamphong Thom, 3 at Kampi

V Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus Mui Nee

V Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus Crocodile Lake

C Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus Sihanoukville

C Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus Prek Toal

C Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus a large flock at Prek Toal

V C Osprey Pandion haliaetus Crocodille Lake, Mui Nee

V C Black Baza Aviceda leuphotes 2 at Cat Tien and 2 at Angkor Wat

V C Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus Kamphong Thom, Bamboo IslandBamboo Island

C Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus Prek Toal

C White-bellied Fish-Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster Bamboo Island

V C Grey-headed Fish-Eagle Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus Crocodile Lake , Prek Toal

V Crested Serpent-Eagle Spilornis cheela Ho Tyem Lam, Mui Nee

C Eastern Marsh-Harrier Circus spilonotus Kamphong Thom

C Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos Kamphong Thom

V C Shikra Accipiter badius several around Angkor Wat

V Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis Ho Tyem Lam

V Besra Accipiter virgatus Cat Tien

V Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus Mui Nee

V C Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis about 20 at Ho Tuyem Lam

V Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster Crocodile Lake

C Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger Prek Toal

C Indian Cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscicollis Prek Toal, Kratie

C Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo Prek Toal

V C Little Egret Egretta garzetta Kamphong Thom

C Grey Heron Ardea cinerea Kamphong Thom

V C Western Great Egret Ardea alba Kamphong Thom

V C Purple Heron Ardea purpurea Crocodile Lake , Kamphong ThomKamphong Thom

V Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia Crocodile Lake

V C Eastern Cattle Egret Bulbulcus coromandus Dalat

V C Javan Pond-Heron Ardeola speciosa Prek Toal

C Striated Heron Butorides striatus Prek Toal

C Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Prek Toal

V C Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis Crocodile Lake , Mui Nee, Prek Toal, Kratie

C Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus Prek Toal

C Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus Prek Toal

C Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis a few birds at Prek Toal

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C Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala Kamphong Thom

C Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans an enourmous colony at Prek Toal

V C Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus Cat Tien , Angkor Wat

V C Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus Cat Tien , Ream National Park

V Blue-rumped Pitta Pitta soror several seen as more heard at Cat Tien

V Bar-bellied Pitta Pitta elliotii a few seen and several heard at Cat Tien

V Dusky Broadbill Corydon sumatranus a small group at Cat Tien

V Black-and-red Broadbill Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos a couple near the river at Cat Tien

V Asian Fairy-bluebird Irena puella Cat Tien

V C Blue-winged Leafbird Chloropsis cochinchinensis Ream National Park

V Golden-fronted Leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons Cat Tien

V C Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus Mui Nee

V Burmese Shrike Lanius collurioides Ho Tyem Lam

V Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius Lang Biam Mountain, Ho Tyem Lam

C Racket-tailed Treepie Crypsirina temia a few at Prek Toal

V C Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos Di Nong Trai, Prek Toal

V C Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus Cat Tien , Kratie

V C Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis Cat Tien , Angkor Wat

V Black-hooded Oriole Oriolus xanthornus Cat Tien

V Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii Ho Tuyem Lam

V Large Cuckooshrike Coracina macei Ho Tuyem Lam

V Swinhoes Minivet Pericrocotus cantonensis Crocodile Lake

V Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris Lang Biam Mountain

V Long-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus Ho Tuyem Lam, Di Nong Trai

V Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus Cat Tien , Di Nong Trai

V Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus Cat Tien , Ho Tyem Lam

V White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis Ho Tuyem Lam, Datanla Falls, Di Nong Trai

V C Pied Fantail Rhipidura javanica Mekong Delta

V C Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus Di Nong Trai, Kratie

V C Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus Datanla Falls, Bamboo Island

V Bronzed Drongo Dicrurus aeneus Cat Tien

V Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus remifer Datanla Falls, Ho Tyem Lam

V Spangled Drongo Dicrurus bracteatus Cat Tien , Mui Nee

V C Greater Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus Angkor Wat

V C Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea Cat Tien , Angkor Wat

V C Asian Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi Cat Tien, Bamboo Island

V C Common Iora Aegithina tiphia Mui Nee, Ream National Park

V Great Iora Aegithina lafresnayei Cat Tien

V Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis gularis Cat Tien

V C White-throated Rock-Thrush Monticola gularis Lang Biam Mountain, Ream National Park

V C Blue Rock-Thrush Monticola solitarius Mui Nee

V Blue Whistling-Thrush Myiophonus caeruleus Cat Tien , Di Nong Trai

C Orange-headed Thrush Zoothera citrina Ream National Park

V Lesser Shortwing Brachypteryx leucophrys Lang Biam Mountain

V C Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica Angkor Wat

V Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki Lang Biam Mountain , Ho Tuyem Lam

V Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata Lang Biam Mountain

C Taiga Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla Angkor Wat

V Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni Lang Biam Mountain , Di Nong Trai

V Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassina Cat Tien , Ho Tuyem Lam

V Large Niltava Niltava grandis seen twice at Di Nong Trai

V Hainan Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis hainanus Cat Tien

V Blue-throated Flycatcher Cyornis rubeculoides Cat Tien

V Tickell’s Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae Cat Tien

V Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis Datanla Falls

C Bluethroat Luscinia svecica Kamphong Thom, 2 at Kratie

V Siberian Blue Robin Luscinia cyane Cat Tien (including a wonderful male)

V C Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis Cat Tien

V C White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus Cat Tien

V White-tailed Robin Cinclidium leucurum one at Ho Tuyem Lam

C Siberian Stonechat Saxicola maura Kamphong Thom

C Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata a female at Kratie

V Grey Bushchat Saxicola ferrea Lang Biam Mountain

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V Black-collared Starling Sturnus nigricollis Ho Tyem Lam, Sihanoukville

V C Common Myna Acridotheres tristis Bamboo Island

C White-vented Myna Acridotheres javanicus Kamphong Thom

V Golden-crested Myna Ampeliceps coronatus 2 at Cat Tien

V Eastern Hill-Myna Gracula religiosa Di Nong Trai

V Chestnut-vented Nuthatch Sitta nagaensis Lang Biam Mountain

V Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis Cat Tien

V Great Tit Parus major Di Nong Trai

V Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus Lang Biam Mountain , Ho Tyem Lam

V Yellow-cheeked Tit Parus spilonotus Ho Tuyem Lam

V Black-throated Tit Aegithalos concinnus Ho Tuyem Lam

V C Sand Martin Riparia riparia Kamphong Thom

V C Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Kamphong Thom

C Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica Bamboo Island

V Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica Cat Tien

V Striated Swallow Hirundo striolata Cat Tien

C Black-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps Kratie

V Black-crested Bulbul Pycnonotus melanicterus Cat Tien , Lang Biam Mountain

V Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus Di Nong Trai

C White-spectacled Bulbul Pycnonotus xanthopygos Kamphong Thom

V C Stripe-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni Cat Tien , Bamboo Island

V Flavescent Bulbul Pycnonotus flavescens Di Nong Trai

V C Streak-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus blanfordi Mui Nee

V Puff-throated Bulbul Alophoixus pallidus Cat Tien

V Ochraceous Bulbul Alophoixus ochraceus Datanla Falls

V Grey-eyed Bulbul Iole propinqua Di Nong Trai

V Ashy Bulbul Hemixos flavala Datanla Falls, Di Nong Trai, Lang Biam Mountain

V Mountain Bulbul Hypsipetes mcclellandii Di Nong Trai , Lang Biam Mountain

V Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus Datanla Falls and common at Lang Biam Mountain

C Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis a few at Kratie

V Hill Prinia Prinia atrogularis Di Nong Trai

V Rufescent Prinia Prinia rufescens Cat Tien

V C Yellow-bellied Prinia Prinia flaviventris Mekong Delta, Kamphong ThomKamphong Thom

C Plain Prinia Prinia inornata Kratie

V Grey-bellied Tesia Tesia cyaniventer several seen well at Lang Biam Mountain , Di Nong Trai

C Pallas’s Grasshopper-Warbler Locustella certhiola 3 at Kratie

C Black-browed Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus bistrigiceps Kamphong Thom

C Oriental Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis Kratie

C Thick-billed Warbler Acrocephalus aedon Kamphong Thom

V Mountain Tailorbird Orthotomus cuculatus one at Di Nong Trai

V C Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius Cat Tien , Mui Nee

V Ashy Tailorbird Orthotomus ruficeps Mekong Delta

C Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus Kratie

V Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis Lang Biam Mountain

V C Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus Cat Tien , Angkor Wat, Ream National Park

C Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis Ream National Park

V Two-barred Greenish Warlber Phylloscopus plumbeitarsus Cat Tien

V Pale-legged Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus tenellipes Cat Tien

V Blyth’s Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus reguloides Lang Biam Mountain

V White-tailed Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus davisoni Datanla Falls, Lang Biam Mountain

V White-spectacled Warbler Seicercus affinis Ho Tuyem Lam

V Chestnut-crowned Warbler Seicercus castaniceps Di Nong Trai , Lang Biam Mountain

C Striated Grassbird Megalurus palustris Kamphong Thom

V White-crested Laughingthrush Garrulax leucolophus several groups at Cat Tien

V White-cheeked Laughingthrush Garrulax vassali Datanla Falls, Di Nong Trai

V Orange-breasted Laughingthrush Stactocichla annamensis heard at two occasions at Di Nong Trai

V Collared Laughingthrush Garrulax yersini in total 16, most seen very well at Lang Biam Mountain

V Abbott’s Babbler Malacocincla abbotti Cat Tien

V Spot-throated Babbler Pellorneum albiventre Datanla Falls

V Puff-throated Babbler Pellorneum ruficeps Cat Tien

V Scaly-crowned Babbler Malacopteron cinereum Cat Tien

V Pygmy Wren-Babbler Pnoepyga pusilla Lang Biam Mountain , Di Nong Trai

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V Golden Babbler Stachyris chrysaea Di Nong Trai

V Striped Tit-Babbler Macronous gularis Cat Tien

V Grey-faced Tit-Babbler Macronous kelleyi Cat Tien

V Cutia Cutia nipalensis several seen very nicely at Ho Tuyem Lam

V White-browed Shrike-Babbler Pteruthius flaviscapis Lang Biam Mountain

V Black-eared Shrike-Babbler Pteruthius melanotis Datanla Falls

V Blue-winged Minla Minla cyanouroptera Ho Tuyem Lam, Datanla Falls, Di Nong Trai

V Rufous-winged Fulvetta Alcippe castaneceps Lang Biam Mountain

V Mountain Fulvetta Alcippe peracensis Ho Tuyem Lam, Datanla Falls, Di Nong Trai, Lang Biam

V Grey-crowned Crocias Crocias langbianis several at Di Nong Trai

V Rufous-backed Sibia Heterophasia annectens Di Nong Trai

V Black-headed Sibia / dark-backed sibia Heterophasia melanoleuca Datanla Falls, Di Nong Trai

V White-bellied Yuhina Yuhina zantholeuca Ho Tuyem Lam, Datanla Falls

V Grey-headed Parrotbill Paradoxornis gularis Ho Tuyem Lam

C Indochinese Bushlark Mirafra marionae Sihanoukville

V Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker Dicaeum cruentatum Crocodile Lake, Mekong Delta

V Brown-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis Mui Nee, Mekong Delta

V C Ruby-cheeked Sunbird Anthreptes singalensis Cat Tien , Angkor Wat

V C Olive-backed Sunbird Nectarinia jugularis Cat Tien , Angkor Wat, Prek Toal

C Purple Sunbird Nectarinia asiatica Ream National Park

V Gould’s Sunbird Aethopyga gouldiae Ho Tuyem Lam, Di Nong Trai, Lang Biam Mountain

V Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata Datanla Falls, Di Nong Trai

V Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja Cat Tien

V Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra Cat Tien

V Streaked Spiderhunter Arachnothera magna Di Nong Trai , Datanla Falls

C House Sparrow Passer domesticus Kratie

V C Plain-backed Sparrow Passer flaveolus Mui Nee, 20 at Kratie

V Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus Datanla Falls

V Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus Cat Tien

C White Wagtail Motacilla alba 3 at Krampi (subspecies Leucopsis)

C Mekong Wagtail Motacilla samveasnae 3 at Kampi

C Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis Kamphong Thom

V Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea lake at Dalat

C Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi Kamphong Thom

C Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus Kamphong Thom, KratieKratie

V Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni Ho Tuyem Lam

C Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus 2 at Kratie

C Asian Golden Weaver Ploceus hypoxanthus a few at Kratie

V White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata Di Nong Trai

V Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata Mui Nee

V Vietnam Greenfinch Carduelis monguilloti 2 at Ho Tuyem Lam

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Figure

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References

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