THAILAND S experience on Emission measurement and mitigation policies. 26 September UNESCAP, Bangkok

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THAILAND’S experience on Emission

measurement and mitigation policies

26 September 2013

UNESCAP , Bangkok

Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning , OTP

Ministry of Transport, Thailand

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TOPIC

Current

 

situations

Environmental

 

Sustainable

 

Transport

 

Master

 

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Bangkok

Metropolitan

Panorama

Bangkok Metropolitan Region , BMR

Bangkok Metropolitan Region , BMR POPULATION : 17.5 millions POPULATION : 17.5 millions AREA : 7,760 sq.km. AREA : 7,760 sq.km. GDP 68 % of National GDP GDP 68 % of National GDP Ministry of Transport Ministry of Transport

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1988 2002

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Bangkok situation

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0 500000 1000000 1500000 2000000 2500000 3000000 3500000 4000000 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Bangkok Thailand

Number of Vehicle registration :

Number of Vehicle registration :

2003

2003

-

-

2012

2012

Years

Number of Vehicle (Million)

Source: Department of Land Transport

Bangkok Thailand

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0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

Ratio of Air Emissions (Pollutants)

In Bangkok

% Mobile sources % Mobile sources (Motor Vehicle) (Motor Vehicle) NO NOxx SOSOxx COCO PMPM HCHC % Area source % Area source % Point source % Point source 87% 87% 80% 80% 54% 54% 75% 75%

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Quality

 

of

 

Life

Quality

 

of

 

Life

The CO2 PROBLEM IS A TRANSPORT PROBLEM, 

PREDOMINATELY CARS AROUND URBAN 

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Health

 

Impact

Air

 

pollution

 

from

 

transport

 

sector

 

(Bangkok)

75%

 

of

 

CO

80%

 

of

 

NOx

54%

 

of

 

PM

Air

 

Pollution

Air Pollution

9

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Road

 

Accident

 

Injuries

Death

Stress

Social

 

Impact

Social Impact

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unit 1,000 ton CO2

GHGs Emission by Sector : 2011

GHGs Emission by Sector : 2011

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Road Mode 96.84% Air Mode 2.06% Rail Mode 0.68% Water Mode 0.42%

Source: National Greenhouse Gas listing

Volumes of Greenhouse gas released by Thailand’s Transport Sector

Volumes of Greenhouse gas released by Thailand’s Transport Sector

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11th Thailand National Economic and Social Development Plan

11th Thailand National Economic and Social Development Plan

(Transport

(Transport

Sector During Year 2010

Sector During Year 2010

-

-

2015)

2015)

International   Trade   Agreement Climate  Change Aging  Society Energy 

• Change to Alternative Energy , Green Energy and Efficiency use in

Energy

• Road and Rail integrated Network around country and Neighboring

Country

• Improve Multi-modal Transportation

• Improve Transport System, Efficiency , Effectiveness, Accessibility,

Safety ,Transport for all, (Aging people and Handicap)

• More Public Private Participation(PPP) Investment

Sub – regional Corporation

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Environment

Economic

Social

Social

International

 

Driving

 

Force

 

:

 

EST

 

forum,

Rio+20,

 

UNFCCC

Internal

 

Driving

Internal

 

force

 

Driving

 

force

Master

 

Plan

 

Development

Master Plan Development

Environmental

 

Environmental

 

Sustainable

 

Sustainable

 

Transport

 

Transport

 

Masterplan

Masterplan

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Economic

 

prosperity

 

Decrease economic loss (VOT, VOC)

Increase Competitiveness

Environmental friendly

Energy saving, 

Energy efficiency Reduce air emission

& GHGs reduction

Social

 

&

 

Quality

 

of

 

life

Safety, Accessibility, Equity, Sufficiency

Sustainable

 

Sustainable

 

Transport

Transport

Ministry

 

of

 

Transport

Vision

 

:

 

Toward

 

Sustainable

 

Transport

Transport and 

Traffic 

Development 

Master Plan 

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SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT

MASTER PLAN

Bangkok Declaration

Bangkok Declaration

EST 2010

EST 2010

-

-

2020

2020

Avoid

Avoid

Shift

Shift

Improve

Improve

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S

T

R

A

T

E

G

Y

Strategy 1:Upgrade capability of agencies and personnel for the development of an environmentally sustainable transport system.

Strategy 2:Establish appropriate plans and mechanisms for interfacing and monitoring of transport and traffic work plans/measures/projects; and to move them forward to implementation.

Strategy 3:Establish comprehensive and inter-connected transport infrastructure.

Strategy 4: Efficient transport management for sustainability and greenhouse gas reduction.

Strategy 5: Promote transport R&D and adoption of environment-friendly innovations and technologies.

Strategy 6:Promote public awareness of the environment.

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1. การเตรียมรถตัวอยาง 2. การนํารถขึ้นแทนทดสอบ 3. การเตรียมขอมูลรถทดสอบและรูปแบบการขับขี่ 4. การเตรียมเครื่องมือ และระบบทดสอบ 5. การเตรียมกระดาษกรอง ในกรณีทดสอบรถยนตดีเซล 6. การดําเนินการทดสอบมลพิษจากรถยนต 7. การวิเคราะหขอมูล 8. การประมวลผลขอมูล

Emission Test (Laboratory Test)

1

1

2

2

3

3

4

4

5

5

6

6

7

7

8

8

20

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Mode share Load factor Land-use patterns Network design Carbon content of fuel Fuel efficiency

Behaviour Design Technology

Emissions per mode (CO2-eq.) Number of vehicles Distance travelled Emissions per vehicle-distance travelled = x x Mode share Load factor Land-use patterns Network design Carbon content of fuel Fuel efficiency

Behaviour Design Technology

Emissions per mode (CO2-eq.) Number of vehicles Distance travelled Emissions per vehicle-distance travelled = x x

ปริมาณมลพิษ

=

จํานวนเที่ยวการเดินทาง

X

ระยะทางที่เดินทาง

X

ตัวคูณการปลอยมลพิษ

ปริมาณมลพิษ

=

จํานวนเที่ยวการเดินทาง

X

ระยะทางที่เดินทาง

X

ตัวคูณการปลอยมลพิษ

GHGs Analysis by project/programme

1.

คํานวณการลดการปลอยกาซเรือนกระจก

(%)

ในพื้นที่อิทธิพลของโครงการโดยใชสมมติฐาน

การเปลี่ยนแปลงการเดินทางในสมการ

Equation - ASI

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Transport Model :

Transport Model :

Year Growth Rate CO2 NAM

2553 34.84

2554 2.41% 36.43 2560 3.20% 43.99 2573 3.20% 62.30

Year Growth Rate CO2 e‐BUM 2553 18.05 2554 3.20% 18.21 2560 3.20% 24.35 2573 3.20% 35.90

Nationally

NAM

BMR

e-BUM

**Energy  Consumption CO2 Energy 24,594 57.07 25,186 58.44 30,425 70.60 46,810 108.62 ** Energy  Consumption CO2 Energy  11,347 25.22 11,710 26.03 14,146 30.47 21,305 37.98 ผลตาง 22.23 22.01 26.61 46.32 ผลตาง 7.17 7.82 6.12 2.08 *ปริมาณกาซ CO2 หนวยเปน ลานตัน **การใชพลังงานในภาคขนสง หนวย ktoe

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Potential

   

GHGs

 

reduction

 

in

 

Transportation

 

Sector

Year GHGs at BAU

(Million tons CO2 e) Potential of GHGs reduction

(Million tons CO2 e) % 2005 57.52 - -2017 67.53 11 - 13 16 - 19 2020 74.02 15 - 16 20 - 22 2030 102.82 27 - 30 26 - 29

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Thailand’s EST 

Master Plan 

120projects/plans/ policies

• Safety :

Decade of road safety

•Climate Change •Awareness  Most difficult Implementing  Largely  Implemented  Largely  Implemented Not  yet

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Thank you

Thank you

Further information, please contact chutinthorn.p@gmail.com

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