• No results found

MATHURA JANPAD KE MAHAVIDHYALAI VIDHYARTHIYON ME KRIDA PRATIYOGITAO KE PRATI JAGRUKATA TATHA SAHBHAGITA : EK ADHYAYAN

N/A
N/A
Protected

Academic year: 2020

Share "MATHURA JANPAD KE MAHAVIDHYALAI VIDHYARTHIYON ME KRIDA PRATIYOGITAO KE PRATI JAGRUKATA TATHA SAHBHAGITA : EK ADHYAYAN"

Copied!
8
0
0

Loading.... (view fulltext now)

Full text

(1)

FEB-MAR, 2017, VOL. 4/20 www.srjis.com Page 4745

eFkqjk tuin ds egkfo|ky;h fo|kfFkZ;ksa esa ØhM+k izfr;ksfxrkvksa ds izfr tkx:drk rFkk lgHkkfxrk % ,d v/;;u

fodzkUr falg

vflLVsaV izks-¼fQthdy ,tqds’ku½

,

,y- ,l-,l-,l-,l- jktdh; egk fo- ekWV ]eFkqjk

‘kkjhfjd f’k{kk Hkkjr esa f’k{kk dk ,d vfHkUu vax gS ijUrq iwoZ esa bls Nk= dY;k.k dk;ZØe ds :i esa ns[kk tkrk FkkA Hkkjr esa f’k{kk iz’kklu jkT;ksa dk fo”k; gS ijUrq jk”Vªh; ‘kkjhfjd f’k{kk vkSj vkeksn izeksn lykg lfefr }kjk dsUnz ljdkj dks lykg nh tkrh gS vkSj dsUnzh; ljdkjh ds ek/;e ls f’k{kk vkSj ‘kkjhfjd f’k{kk ds fy, funsZ’k fn, tkrs gSaA fofHkUu dfBukbZ;ksa ds ckotwn ‘kkjhfjd f’k{kk vkSj ØhM+k esa mRlkgo)Zd izxfr gqbZ gSA ‘kkjhfjd f’k{kk ds Hkkjrh; vxznwrksa }kjk ijEijkxr [ksyksa ds vUrxZr LokLF;c)Zd vH;kl] vklu ey[ke] ysft;e] [kks&[kks] dcM~Mh] gkdh] fØdsV] ckyhcky] ckLdsV cky rFkk ØhMkUrxZr% tEIl] Fkzks] nkSM+ vkfn ds iquLFkkZiu ds fy, iz;kl fd, tkrs gSaA1 ‘kkjhfjd f’k{kk lEc)Zu ds fy, ljdkj }kjk lu~ 1954 esa ^vkWy bf.M;k dkmafly vkWQ LiksVZ~l* dk xBu fd;k x;k FkkA izR;sd o”kZ dsUnzh; ljdkj }kjk fofHkUu [ksyksa esa loksZRre izn’kZu djus okys f[kykM+h dks vtqZu iqjLdkj ls lEekfur fd;k tkrk gS( vkSj ,sls fo’ofo|ky;ksa dks ftlds jk”Vªh; ,oa vUrjkZ”Vªh; VwukZes.V esa lcls vf/kd lgHkkxh gksrs gSa] mls vCnqy dyke VªkQh iznku dh tkrh gSaA2 bl :i esa lqLi”V gS fd [ksy o ØhM+k( ekuoh; fØ;kdyki ds :i esa laLd`fr dk ,d vfHkUu vax jgs gSaA ekuo laLd`fr;ksa ds mn~Hko ds lkFk gh ØhM+k dk Hkh vkfoHkkZo ,oa fodkl gksrk x;kA vrhr ls orZeku rd dk bfrgkl bl rF; dh iqf”V djrk gS fd [ksy o ØhM+k ,d laLFkk ds :i esa O;fDr ds lekthdj.k] O;fDrRo fodkl rFkk lkekftd O;oLFkkiu ls tqM+s gSa ,oa eS=h Hkkoksa dks iz’kLr djus esa Hkh budh Hkwfedk vifjgk;Z gSA3 vodk’k {k.kksa ds mi;ksx ,oa euksjatu ds fy, ØhM+k rFkk [ksy vH;kl vtL=

(2)

FEB-MAR, 2017, VOL. 4/20 www.srjis.com Page 4746 izsj.kkL=ksr gSaA vk/kqfud rduhdh] vkS|ksfxd fodkl Øe ls xqtj jgs fo’o lektksa esa iznw”k.k ,oa euks&lkekftd O;kf/k;ksa ;Fkk% jDrpki vfunzk] ‘kkjhfjd ‘kSfFkY; ,oa lkekU; ‘kkjhfjd nqcZyrk ls eqfDr ikus] dk;k dks lkSUn;Z o ‘kkfUr iznku djus ds lkFk&lkFk fdlh Hkh jk”Vª esa lcy o lEiUu Hkkoh ih<+h ds l`tu o fodkl esa [ksyksa o ØhM+k dk egRo Lo;a fl) gSA4 vLrq ‘kks/kkFkhZ us izLrqr leL;k dks vuqHkotU; v/;;ukFkZ pquk gSA rkfd egkfo|ky;h fo|kfFkZ;ksa esa [ksyksa rFkk ØhM+k izfr;ksfxrkvksa ds izfr tkx:drk rFkk lgHkkfxrk ds Lrjksa ,oa vfØ;k’khyrk o tkx:drk esa deh lEcU/kh dkj.kksa dh tkudkjh dh tk ldsA

i)fr’kkL= %

¼1½ v/;;u {ks= % ‘kks/kkFkhZ us v/;;u {ks= ds :i esa m-iz- ds eFkqjk uxj dk p;u fd;k

gS tgka 03 egkfo|ky; ¼‘kkldh; lgk;rk izkIr½ rFkk 01 jktdh; egkfo|ky; ,ao vU; 21 LofoRriksf”kr egkfo|ky; ] MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj fo’ofo|ky; vkxjk ls lEc) gSaA

¼2½ U;kn’kZ izk:i % pkjksa egkfo|ky;ksa ¼ch ,l , dkyst] ds vkkj dkyst] ,-ds- dkyst

vkj lh , efgyk dkyst rFkk ,y- ,l-,l-,l-,l- jktdh; egk fo- ekWV ½ ls Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks leku egRo iznku djrs gq, mn~ns’;ijd U;kn’kZ i)fr ls [ksydwn esa Hkkx ysus okys 100 Nk=ksa o 100 Nk=kvksa ¼dqy 200 fo|kfFkZ;ksa½ dk p;u v/;;ukFkZ fd;k x;k gS rkfd rqyukRed v/;;u fd;k tk ldsA

¼3½ “kks/k izkfof/k % lHkh 200 fo|kfFkZ;ksa ls izkFkfed vkadM+ksa dk ladyu iwoZ ijhf{kr

^lk{kkRdkj vuqlwph* }kjk vkeus&lkeus dh izR;{k fLFkfr esa iwNrkN dj ^lk{kkRdkj losZ{k.k izfof/k* ,oa vlgHkkxh voyksdu djrs gq, fd;k tk;sxkA fo|kfFkZ;ksa esa [ksy o ØhM+k ds izfr vfHk:fp ekiu( fydVZ rFkk FklZVu vfHk:fp ekidksa }kjk fd;k tk;sxkA

¼4½ vkadMksa dk fo”ys”k.k % vkadM+k&fo’ys”k.k ^lka[;dh; i)fr* ls djrs gq, rkfdZd

fu”d”kZ izfrLFkkfir fd, x, gSaA ijh{k.kkFkZ fufeZr ifjdYiukvksa dh lR;rk ,oa

(3)

FEB-MAR, 2017, VOL. 4/20 www.srjis.com Page 4747 vkdfLedrk@vlaxr xq.kkad (Q)] dh x.kuk,a djds dh x;h gSaA bl izdkj

izLrkfor ‘kks/k&v/;;u dh izd`fr lw{e vkuqHkfod ¼ekbØks bfEijhdy½ gSA v/;;u ds mn~ns’; %

¼1½ U;kn’kksZa dh oS;fDrd rFkk lkekftd&vkfFkZd i`”BHkwfe dh tkudkjh djukA ¼2½ U;kn’kksZa esa [ksy o ØhM+k ds izfr tkx:drk dh fLFkfr@n’kk dk v/;;u djukA ¼3½ U;kn’kksZa esa [ksy o ØhM+k ds izfr lgHkkfxrk dh fLFkfr ¼Lrjksa½ dk v/;;u djukA ¼4½ [ksy o ØhM+k ds izfr fo|kfFkZ;ksa esa tkx:drk rFkk lgHkkfxrk esa deh lEcU/kh dkj.kksa

dk v/;;u dj lq>ko izLrqr djukA ijh{k.kkFkZ ifjdYiuk,a %

‘kks/k v/;;u ds mn~ns’;ksa dh iwfrZ ,oa izkfIr ds fy, fuEukafdr ifjdYiuk,a fufeZr dh x;h gSa&

¼1½ egkfo|ky;ksa esa [ksydwn o ØhM+k lqfo/kkvksa dk vHkko gSA

¼2½ [ksy@ØhM+k esa dq’ky fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks ‘kklu Lrj ls vfrfjDr lqfo/kk,a iznku ugha dh tkrhA

¼3½ f[kykM+h fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks izksRlkgu lqfo/kk,a ¼[ksydwn izf’k{k.k] nw/k] Mªsl] fpfdRlh; lqfo/kk,a] ØhM+k lEcU/kh midj.k] ukSdfj;ksa esa vkj{k.k vkfn½ u feyuk mnklhurk ds fy, mRrjnk;h dkjd gSaA

¼4½ egkfo|ky;h Lrjksa ij [ksydwn f’k{k.k&izf’k{k.kksa dh deh ¼vHkko½ gSA rkfydk ua- 1 % losZ{k.k& v/;;u ls izkIr rF;@U;kn’kksZa dh i`”BHkwfe

1- /kkfeZd lajpuk fgUnw bLyke vU; ;ksx

182¼91-00½ 15¼07-50½ 200¼100-00½

2- tkfr; lajpuk lo.kZ fiNM+h vuqlwfpr ;ksx

102¼51-00½ 80¼40-00½ 18¼09-00½ 200¼100-00½

3- fyax Hksn Nk= Nk=k,a && ;ksx

100¼50-00½ 100¼50-00½ 200¼100-00½

4- vk;q ¼o”kksZa esa½ 20 ls de 20&24 24 ls vf/kd ;ksx 104¼52-00½ 88¼44-00½ 08¼04-00½ 200¼100-00½

5- ‘kSf{kd Lrj Lukrd ijkLukrd ‘kks/kjr ;ksx

96¼48-00½ 100¼50-00½ 04¼02-00½ 200¼100-00½ 6- i`”BHkwfe@vapy xzkeh.k xzkeh.k&uxjh; uxjh; ;ksx

(4)

FEB-MAR, 2017, VOL. 4/20 www.srjis.com Page 4748 rF;&fo’ys”k.k o fuoZpu %

[ksydwnksa esa Hkkx ysus okys dqy 200 U;kn’kksZa ds losZ{k.k v/;;u ls izkIr rF;ksa ds fo’ys”k.k ls Li”V gS fd U;kn’kZ esa /kkfeZd n`f”V ls% 182¼91 izfr’kr½ fgUnw] 15¼7-50 izfr’kr½ bLyke rFkk ek= 3¼1-5 izfr’kr½ vU;( tkfrxr n`f”V ls% 102¼51 izfr’kr½ lo.kZ] 80¼40 izfr’kr½ fiNM+h] 18¼9 izfr’kr½ vuqlwfpr( fyax Hksnkuqlkj% 50&50 izfr’kr Nk= o Nk=k,a pqus x, ftuesa 104¼52 izfr’kr½ 20 o”kZ ls de vk;q ds] 88¼44 izfr’kr½ 20 ls 24 o”kZ dh vk;q ds rFkk ek= 8¼4 izfr’kr½ 24 o”kZ ls vf/kd vk;q ds pqus x,A buesa 96¼48 izfr’kr½ Lukrd Lrjksa ij] 100¼50 izfr’kr½ ijkLukrd Lrjksa ij rFkk ek= 4¼2 izfr’kr½ ‘kks/kjr ik, x, gSaA vkapfyd n`f”V ls% 80¼40 izfr’kr½ xzkeh.k] 58¼29 izfr’kr½ xzkeh.k&uxjh; ,oa 62¼31 izfr’kr½ uxjh; i`”BHkwfe ds gSaA buesa ls 56¼28 izfr’kr½ U;kn’kksZa ds ifjokjksa ds vkfFkZd Lrj fuEu] 122¼61 izfr’kr½ ds e/;e rFkk 22¼11 izfr’kr½ ds mPp ik, x, gSaA blls fuEu fu”d”kZ LFkkfir fd, tk ldrs gSa fd oS;fDrd rFkk lektkfFkZd n`f”V ls& ¼1½ /kkfeZd n`f”V ls eqlyeku o vU; /kekZoyEch fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh rqyuk esa fgUnw fo|kfFkZ;ksa esa [ksydwnksa ds izfr :fp vf/kd ik;h x;h gS ¼2½ tkfr; vk/kkj ij vuqlwfprksa dh rqyuk esa fiNM+h tkfr( rFkk fiNM+h tkfr ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh rqyuk esa lo.kZ tkfr;ksa ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa esa :fp vf/kd ik;h x;h gS ¼3½ f’k{kk Lrj dh n`f”V ls Lukrd rFkk ijkLukrd fo|kfFkZ;ksa esa izfr’krrk yxHkx leku ik;h x;h gS ¼4½ fuokl dh i`”BHkwfe dh n`f”V ls xzkeh.k rFKk uxjh; i`”BHkwfe ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh izfr’krrk Hkh leku ik;h x;h gS ¼5½ ifjokjksa ds vkfFkZd Lrjksa dh n`f”V ls fuEu ls e/;e( vkSj e/;e ls mPp vkfFkZd Lrjksa ds ifjokjksa ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa esa [ksydwnksa ds izfr psruk vkjksgh Øe esa n`f”Vxr gSA

(5)

FEB-MAR, 2017, VOL. 4/20 www.srjis.com Page 4749 mRrj oyks ik, x, muesa mPp Lrj dh tkx:drk ewY;kafdr dh x;h gSA vxzkafdr rkfydk,a v/;;u ls izkIr izkFkfed rF;ksa ij laf{kIr izdk’k Mkyrh gS&

rkfydk ua- 2d % U;kn’kksZa esa [ksy o ØhM+kvksa ds izfr tkx:drk dh fLFkfr

Øekad tkx:drk dh fLFkfr vko`fRr;k¡ izfr’kr

1- vtkx:d 16 08-00

2- tkx:d 184 92-00

leLr ;ksx 200

100-00 rkfydk ua- 2[k % fydVZ eukso`fRr ekid ds vk/kkj ij tkx:drk ds Lrj

Øekad tkx:drk ds Lrj vko`fRr;k¡ izfr’kr

1- fuEu 46 25-00

2- e/;e 60 32-61

3- mPp 78 42-39

leLr ;ksx 184

100-00

izlaxk/khu rkfydkvksa 2¼d½ rFkk 2¼[k½ ds vUrxZr iznf’kZr izkFkfed vkadM+ksa ds fo’ys”k.k ls fofnr gS fd 200 U;kn’kksZa esa ls 6¼8 izfr’kr½ U;kn’kksZa esa [ksy o ØhM+kvksa ds izfr vtkx:drk rFkk ‘ks”k 184¼92 izfr’kr½ esa tkx:drk ik;h x;h gS( fdUrq fydVZ ere kid }kjk tkx:drk ds Lrjksa dk ewY;kadu djus ij fofnr gqvk gS fd 184 tkx:dksa esa ls 46¼25 izfr’kr½ esa fuEu Lrjh; tkx:drk] 60¼32-61 izfr’kr½ esa e/;e Lrjh; tkx:drk rFkk 78¼42-39 izfr’kr½ esa mPp Lrjh; tkx:drk ik;h x;h gSA fuEu rkfydk [ksydwnksa esa lHkh 200 U;kn’kksZa ds izfr fØ;k’khyrk ds fopkj n’kkZrh gS&

rkfydk ua- 3d % [ksydwnksa esa lgHkkfxrk ¼fØ;k’khyrk½ dh fLFkfr ¼U;kn’kksZa ds vuqlkj½

Øekad lgHkkfxrk@fØ;k’khyrk vko`fRr;k¡ vko`fRr;k¡ izfr’kr

1- vfØ;k’khy ¼n’kZd :i esa½ 132 66-00

2- fØ;k’khy ¼f[kykM+h :i esa½ 68 34-00

leLr ;ksx 200

100-00

rkfydk ua- 3[k % [ksydwnksa esa lgHkkfxrk s Lrjksa dk ewY;kadu ¼leLr 200 U;kn’kksZa ds vuqlkj½

Øekad lgHkkfxrk ds Lrj vko`fRr;k¡ izfr’kr

1- fuEu 139 69-50

2- e/;e 52 26-00

3- mPp 09 04-50

(6)

FEB-MAR, 2017, VOL. 4/20 www.srjis.com Page 4750 izlaxk/khu rkfydkvksa 3¼d½ rFkk 3¼[k½ ds vkadM+ksa ds fo’ys”k.k ls Li”V gS fd ¼1½ egkfo|ky;h fo|kfFkZ;ksa esa [ksydwnksa ds izfr vf/kdka’kr% ¼66 izfr’kr½ esa vfØ;k’khyrk ¼n’kZd :i esa½ rFkk yxHkx ,d&frgkbZ esa f[kykM+h :i esa fØ;k’khyrk ik;h x;h gSA lgHkkfxrk ¼fØ;k’khyrk½ ds Lrjksa dh n`f”V ls 69-50 izfr’kr esa Lrj fuEu] 26 izfr’kr esa Lrj e/;e rFkk ek= 4-50 izfr’kr esa mPp Lrj ik;k x;k gSA lqLi”V gS fd egkfo|ky;h fo|kfFkZ;ksa esa [ksydwnksa esa lgHkkfxrk ¼fØ;k’khyrk½ fuEu Lrjh; gS ftlds dkj.kksa ij fuEu rkfydk laf{kIr izdk’k Mkyrh gS&

rkfydk ua- 4 % lgHkkfxrk esa deh lEcU/kh mRrjnk;h dkj.k

Øe mRrjnk;h dkj.k fo|kFkhZ dksfVØe d=R1

-R2

d2

Nk= Nk=k,a R1 R2

1 [ksy@ØhM+k lqfo/kkvksa dk vHkko 40 56 4 5 &1 1

2 [ksy@ØhM+k lk/kuksa dh deh 60 59 3 4 &1 1

3 f’k{k.k&izf’k{k.kksa dk vHkko 72 80 2 1 1 1

4 dq’ky f[kykfM+;ksa dks vfrfjDr lqfo/kk,a iznku u djuk

35 30 5 6 &1 1

5 f[kykM+h fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks izksRlkgu lqfo/kkvksa dh deh ¼nw/k] Mªsl] ØhM+k lkexzh] midj.k vkfn½

30 65 6 3 3 9

6 ukSdfj;ksa esa ik= f[kykfM+;ksa dk vkj{k.k u gksuk

82 70 1 2 &1 1

7 vU; 10 9 7 7 0 0

leLr && && && && && d2=1

4 6d2

Lih;j eSu dksfVØe vUrjfof/k ls lg&lEcU/k xq.kkad = (r) = 1 – ---

N(N2–1)

6 x 14

= 1 – ---

7(49–1) 6 x 14

= 1 – ---

(7)

FEB-MAR, 2017, VOL. 4/20 www.srjis.com Page 4751

= 1 – 0.25

= 0.75 ¼/kukRed lg lEcU/k½ izLrqr rkfydk [ksy o ØhM+k izfr;ksfxrkvksa ds izfr tkx:drk o lgHkkfxrk ds izfr vfHk:fp esa deh lEcU/kh dkj.kksa ij laf{kIr izdk’k Mkyrh gS ftlds izfr fo|kFkhZ U;kn’kksZa ¼Nk=@Nk=kvksa½ ds vfHkerksa ds vuqlkj lg lEcU/kh dh x.kuk ls lg lEcU/k xq.kkad dk eku ¼$½0-75 ¼vFkkZr~ 1 ds fudV ik;k tkuk½ ;g Li”V djrk gS mDr fufnZ”V mRrjnk;h dkjd [ksy@ØhM+k izfr;ksfxrkvksa esa tkx:drk rFkk lgHkkfxrk esa ck/kd dkj.k gSaA bu

dkj.kksa ds izfr Nk=&Nk=kvksa ds vfHkerkuqlkj vlaxr xq.kkad (Q) dh x.kuk djus ij&

Øe vfHker Nk= Nk=k,a ;ksx

1 2

lger vlger

91 09

89 11

180 20

leLr 100 100 200

AD – BC 91 x 11 – 89 x 9 200

vlaxr@vkdfLedrk xq.kkad (Q) = --- = --- =

--- = 0.11

AD + BC 91 x 11 – 89 x 9 1802 lqLi”V gS fd vlaxr ¼vkdfLedrk½ xq.kkad (Q) dk eku $¼0-11½ izkIr gqvk gS

tks 1 ds e/; rFkk dkQh de gS vFkkZr~ mijksDr fufnZ”V rkfydk 4 [ksy o ØhM+kvksa esa ck/kd

mRrjnk;h dkjdksa ls lHkh f[kykM+h U;kn’kZ ¼Nk=&Nk=k,a nksuksa gh½ lger gSaA ifjdYiukvksa ds ijh{k.k %

 ifjdYiuk ua0 ¼1½ lR; ,oa lkFkZd ik;h x;h gS fd egkfo|ky;ksa esa [ksy o ØhM+k lqfo/kkvksa dk furkUr vHkko gSA

 ifjdYiuk ua0 ¼2½ Hkh lR; ,oa lkFkZd ik;h x;h gS fd dq’ky f[kykfM+;ksa dks ‘kklu Lrj ls lqfo/kk,a iznku ugha dh tkrh gSaA

(8)

FEB-MAR, 2017, VOL. 4/20 www.srjis.com Page 4752

 ;g ifjdYiuk Hkh lR; ik;h x;h gS fd egkfo|ky; Lrjksa ij [ksydwn f’k{k.k&izf’k{kdksa dh deh ¼vHkko½ gSA

mDr izkIr vkuqHkfod rF;ksa ds vkyksd esa ‘kks/k v/;srk dk lq>ko gS fd mi;qZDr dfe;ksa dks ;fn nwj dj fn;k tk; rks egkfo|ky;h fo|kfFkZ;ksa esa [ksy o ØhM+k izfr;ksfxrkvksa ds izfr tkx:drk ,oa lgHkkfxrk esa vk’kkrhr o`f) dh vikj lEHkkouk,a gSaA

REFERENCES :

Williams J.R. ; Education through Physical, Journal of Higher Education, Vol. 11, 1980, p.279. Sargent D.A. ; Physical Education in Colleges; North American Review, Vol. 136, 1963, p. 174. Bruce L. Bennet ; A World History of Physical Education Prentice Hall of Inc. New Jersey, 1975, p.

553.

References

Related documents

So far extensive study on traditional sand filters using low cost bamboo charcoals and river sand for the removal of toxic metals from water has not been reported in

Two hypotheses were developed and tested each variable to identify the influence of each of the corporate governance variables (Independent non-executive directors, and audit

Pelaksanaan pendekatan baru menerusi kemahiran kerja berpasukan dan kemahiran pengurusan diri adalah untuk mengubah peranan individu pelajar melalui aktiviti

Through analyzing whirlwind kick motions movement process, athlete body posture as well as motion key points and error-prone motions correct approaches, it

In Section 3, the NLP model is formulated, where the optimal control problem is generalized in canonical form based on the control parameterization approach.. The derived

Firstly, the EU BON citizen science gateway provides, via the EU BON European Biodiversity Portal, an overview of existing citizen science data providers ( CS data providers and

Most of our readers will know the Japanese ship finance and management company Shoei Kisen, owners of a great number of container ships.. Most of these are chartered out

From March through May, 2009 Clackamas County Emergency Management and the RARE Participant worked with the City of Lake Oswego to facilitate and document the five-year update of