Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine

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Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine

Lecturer: M.K. SASTRY

acupaincare.india@gmail.com Cell no: 8473814247

**online seminar/classes will start in November


Ayurveda Medicine

‘ayurvedic’ means the science of life & longevity

Comprehensive system combines natural therapies [ herbs, diet, ex ] with a prof approach to treatment


The Template for Forms of CAM

& Analysis

(last pg in outline):

In general, what is practice of ____?

What supports this belief/practice ?

What can be learned fr history and variations of this form of CAM ?

Examples of diagn, use & treatm ?

What evidence and how to explore it both/either quantity & qualitatively ?

What prof prep/certific needed to do ?



8 derivative branches [ p. 221 in text chapter 10] in modern med: pediatrics,

ob/gyn, opthamalogy, geriatrics, otolaryngology, toxicology, surgery and general medicine

Modern healing modalities s/a massage, diet, herbal, acupuncture etc have roots in Ayurv philosophy


Balance in Ayurvedic

3 doshas

energies Vata or

thin Pitta or

muscul Kapha large Body Thin,

delicate Medium Hvyset Mind Hyperact Orderly



Soul Intuitive Loving &




The Energies & bodily functions :

Doshas Vata

( Ecto )


( Meso )

Kapha ( Endo )

Bodily Function

Eats &

sleeps Constip Cramps

Loves food

Ulcers, hrtburn,

Eats slowly

Allergies Hi chol

** see effects of tastes on the 3 doshas p. 223


Conception of individual

Vata, pitta & kapha factors from parents combine with season, time, quality of emotional relationship with

self and others/universe

‘constellates’ the qualities of the individual

our indiv constitution is made and does not vary, according to Ayurvedic

Note pages 227-229 re characteristics of each dosha &

where you see yourself.


The Five Elements :

Space, Air, Fire, Water & Earth are the most fundamental to Ayur science/art

Dosha energy comprised of the 5 blue elements where Air & Space is

energy of movement (vata); fire & water constitute pitta with the principle of digestion; water & earth make up kapha, the energy of structure &





& doshas

& where rep in

the body





Ayurvedic Tongue




Ayur Treatment :

4 step process of ~ cleansing & de-

toxifying ~ palliation

~ rejuvenation ~ mental &

spiritual healing

Instead of going thru each step in class, have posted these steps as slides on web site for this Module


Ayur Treatment : Step 1

Cleansing and Detox involves anything from induced vomiting, bowel enema, blood


Use herbal steam saunas for skin detox

After this, preparations of yogurt & herbs used to replenish intestinal bacteria


Ayur Treatment : Step 2

Palliation used to balance the doshas

Combo of herbs, yoga stretches, breathing exercises, meditation

Palliation is treatment as well as daily practice for healthy folk

Want daily discipline and good assimilation of food


Ayur Treatment : Step 3

Rejuvenation is basically body/mind/spirit tune-up thru

Herbal treatments

Mineral preparations suited to affected dosha

Yoga exercises


Ayur Treatment : Step 4

Mental hygiene & spiritual healing attempts to improve mind to hier level of spiritual functioning thru:

Sound therapy or use of mantras

Meditation & yoga

Pharmaceutics or remedies


Conclusions re Ayurvedic System:

Sophisticated and ancient system from India ( & Tibet )

Focuses on whole organism & reln to external world

Seeks to estab/maintain harmonious balance within/outside the body

Texts are in Sanskrit but Columbia Univ in NY devoted to inquiry & educ about ancient Indian medicine/healing


Module 3: Ancient Systems:

Traditional Chinese Medicine

In China, TCM is under the administration of State Administration of TCM and Pharmacology

TCM is defined as a medical science governing the theory and practice of traditional Chinese medicine

it includes Chinese medication,

pharmacology/herbology, acupuncture, massage, and Qigong


Traditional Chinese Medicine - Acupuncture

Origins of TCM shrouded in mystery; perhaps BCE origins

Best trace is to origins at start of CE with rudiments of acupuncture and herbal medicine

TCM stymied in develop by political ravages; not until mid 20thC ( Ch Mao ) did TCM become systematized into colleges/univ tr



LI 4

Half way along the second




SI 12




just above tip of medial malleolus, behind the tibia.



Lung 11



Heart 7

First skin crease

Thumb side of

tendon at crease.


What does Acupuncture treat

what is treated is daily life, chronic kinds of irritants, illnesses

Balance restoration is key


Most common Acu-treatable conditions:

Nausea & vomiting



Dysmenorrhea; Fibromyalgia

Headache, neck pain; TMJ pain; post surgical pain; back pain; osteoarthritis

Strokes; arthritis; dental procedures


What’s the Evidence ?

WHO lists 40 conditions for which qualitative claims have been made for effectiveness

By gold standard science, ev is inconclusive whether acupuncture is effective


Body’s energy meridians & centers


Major Meridians

Lung ~ LU

Large intestine ~ LI

Stomach ~ ST

Spleen ~ SP

Heart ~ HT

Small Intestine ~ SI

Bladder ~ BL-UB

Kidney ~ KI

Pericardium ~ CX P HC

Tri-heater ~ TH

Gall Bladder ~ GB

Liver ~ LIV

Conception Vessel

Governing vessel


The Literature re Ac Effectiveness

Many of the studies done in China

Systematic bias in that literature bec meta analyses show very hi eval of effectiveness in Chinese med lit, 99% effective vs 80-85% in western countries’ med lit

Many of the Chinese studies used no placebo, no control group at all

Thus, great skepticism


What has Acupuncture shown ?

Most positive results in studies re nausea and vomiting

Use P6, about 2 inches above wrist crease using wrist band w pearl-sized bead; thus can

standardize treatment & self-stim P6

Effectiveness of P6 stim for anesthesia-induced nausea using double and single blind studies


What has Acupuncture shown ?

Tendinitis treated well in single-blind, placebo

control studies where treatm shown to be slightly more effective than placebo group

Tennis elbow double-blind study using sham

acupuncture showed greater tolerance of pain &

elbow use for treatment group



Success re treating insomnia – but imagine practical problems here

Some success in DB study treating dysmenorrhea with a 41% reduction in use of pain medication by treatm group

Being used more now to alleviate pain of chronic fatigue ( fibromyalgia )

Mixed results re treating headaches & asthma;

widespread use in treating TMJ


Back Pain & Acupuncture

Western society fascinated by possible use of acu in LBP treatm

All kinds of studies comparing acu with physical therapy, massage, chiro treatments

In most studies, hier rate of effectiveness in PT, mass, chiro


Conclusions re Evidence ?

Now working to standardize and do well administered studies

Ex: in US, acu needles now classed by FDA as legit medical device rather than experimental device

Greater funding for res now in the West which should help

Also, better acceptance of case studies vs DB controlled ones


Acupuncture in Canada

Variety of institutes and colleges

Most well known is Academy of Clinical Chinese Medicine of Toronto

Also, Grant MacEwan College in Edmonton offers Prov government-sanctioned diploma program

And, on West Coast…


Standardization of Training

3 years to become certified acupuncturist

4 years to become TCM Practitioner

5 years to become Doctor of TCM


Final Thoughts

Typical CAM area

Will never meet DB standards

Need more longitudinal studies to mount evidence

Viable ‘alternative’

Tough to form decision basis for health consumer but note the ‘communization’ of acupuncture and herbs via web sites



** online seminar will be staring in November.



Opp. Sonaram Field, Sonaram High School Bharalamukh, Guwahati-781009

Copy right: M K SASTRY





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