Consultation Focus Groups. Household Waste & Recycling Collection Contract 2017

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Consultation Focus Groups

Household Waste & Recycling

Collection Contract 2017


Why are we here?

To consider a range of options for

Household Waste & Recycling collection services from 2017

To guide the procurement of new

contracts to provide these services



The current Household Waste collection contract expires in 2017

We want to consider a variety of options for recycling which are:

cost effective



Event structure


Current situation

Legal requirements

Realistic Options

The future

Group discussion

‘What service option works best for you’


Recent Developments

New residual waste treatment facility

New waste transfer facility

New green waste disposal contract


Residual Waste Treatment

New Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT) facility at Manvers, Rotherham

MBT - a processing facility that combines waste sorting with biological treatment (can be either composting or anaerobic digestion).


Residual Waste Treatment

25 year PFI contract in partnership with Barnsley and Rotherham Councils (BDR)

PFI – A way of funding public building projects using private sector money


Residual Waste Treatment

250,000 tonnes of waste per year

To increase recycling across region by 7%

Outputs from MBT facility:

Refuse derived Fuel (electricity generation)

Compost like material (Land reclamation)

Recyclable materials (resource recovery)


Mechanical Biological Treatment






Mixing Plastics

Digestion Organics



Refuse Derived Fuel Metals

Municipal Waste

Compost like Output

Simplified MBT Process

Wood chip

Simplified MBT Process


Waste Transfer Facilities

New council depot in Kirk Sandall

Fully licensed Waste Transfer Station

Capacity for all Household Waste types





New Waste Transfer Station


Green Waste Contract

5yr contract starting January 2016

Green Waste to certified compost

(PAS 100 quality standard)

Critical to overall recycling rates:

50% statutory recycling target (by 2020)

50% recycling target linked to PFI credits


What does this mean?

Changes to waste collection must not be detrimental to MBT facility processes


Incentive to minimise black bin waste:

Reduce disposal costs (£’s per tonne cost)

Spare capacity can be sold (income)

Increase recycling rate (% calculation)


What does this mean?

Green Waste must be compostable

Cannot combine with food waste (ABP regs)

Much lower cost than disposal

Incentive to maximise the collection of recyclables and Green Waste

Spare capacity @MBT (3rd party income)

£2.6m/year PFI credits linked to 50% target


Current collection contract

Expires October 2017

Main services provided

Collection of residual waste (black bin)

Collection of recyclables (green box)

Collection of garden waste (green bin)

Collection of commercial waste (trade)


Current collection contract

Other services provided

The sale of recyclable materials

Clinical waste collections

Asbestos collections

Bulky waste collections (Refurnish)


Current collection



Collection tonnages 2014/15

18,140 tonnes

24,772 tonnes 66,069 tonnes


What might change?

Bins or boxes for recycling?

What recyclables to collect?

Who sells the recyclables?

Bin sizes – more recycling less waste?

Green Waste charges?

Recycling reward scheme?


Legal requirements

Waste Framework Directive

Waste Regulations

Household Waste Recycling Act


Waste Framework Directive

European Union legislation

Provides the legal framework for waste

i.e. What is or is not waste

Waste management activities must not harm Human Health or the Environment

Implemented by Waste Regulations 2011


Waste Reg’s 2011 - No. 12

Implements the ‘Waste Hierarchy’

Known as Reduce, Reuse, Recycle

Must use waste as a resource

Must consider ‘best overall environmental

outcome’ when managing waste


The Waste Hierarchy


Waste Reg’s 2011 – No.13

Requires the separate collection of paper, metal, plastic and glass

When necessary to improve recovery

Where Technically, Environmentally and Economically Practicable (TEEP).

Where appropriate to meet the needs of the recycling industries


Waste Reg’s 2011 – No.14

Separately collected recyclable materials must not be mixed again after collection

Applies to paper, metal, plastic, glass


The Household Waste Recycling Act 2003

Councils must collect at least two

recyclable materials from each house


Are separate collections beneficial?

Paper needs to be clean and dry for recycling

Glass breaks and is difficult to separate from other recyclable materials later

Paper and Glass can be sold direct to reprocessors when collected separately

× Plastics will require further processing into different types after collection to realise true value

× Metal cans need sorting into Steel and Aluminium after collection to realise true value


Realistic Options

Wheeled bins for recycling

Mixed collections of some recyclables

Cardboard, metal cans, plastic bottles?

Simplify the targeted materials

(Paper / Card, Glass, Metal cans, Plastic bottles)

More separation by resident

Paper and / or glass?


Container Types

Current Collection Containers

Future Services??


Recycling performance

Top performers tend to:

Collect mixed recyclables

Collect paper or glass separate

Use wheeled bins for recycling

Collect refuse fortnightly


Recycling performance

Reducing black bin capacity increases recycling rates and saves money!

Increase recycling container capacity?

Issue smaller black bins when lost or damaged?


Incentive Schemes

SERCO report (2015) found that:

Reducing residual waste capacity

Good recycling service design

‘Have a greater impact on recycling

performance than reward schemes’


Recycling Collection Options

Collection Type Negatives Positives Containers Frequency

Lower materials quality Maximum tonnage collected High risk of contamination Low collection costs

High processing costs Easiest for residents

Least compliant with Regulations Least space required Satisfactory material quality Good tonnage collected Medium risk of contamination Average collection costs

High processing costs Easy for residents

Partial compliance with regulations Least space required

Good material quality Good tonnage collected

Medium risk of contamination Average collection costs

Medium processing costs Easy for residents

Partial compliance with regulations Least space required Medium tonnage collected Very good material quality Above average collection costs Low risk of contamination

Harder for residents Low processing costs

More space required High compliance with regulations Lowest tonnage collected Excellent material quality

Highest collection costs No contamination

Hardest for residents No processing costs

Most space required Full compliance with regulations

Weekly (stillage type vehicle) Fully Comingled collection

Glass in separate stream (two-stream)

Paper in separate stream (two-stream)

Glass and Paper in separate streams (three stream)

Fully separated Collections Four boxes

Wheeled bin with caddy (or Box) or Two

Boxes Wheeled bin or box

Wheeled bin with caddy (or Box) or Two


Wheeld bin with Two caddies or boxes

Fortnightly (standard RCV)

Fortnightly (Split Body RCV with Glass pod)

Fortnightly (Split Body RCV)

Fortnightly (Split Body RCV)


Collection Type Tonnnage collected

Material Quality

Collection costs

Processing costs

Ease of use for resident

Contamination rates

Space required

Regulatory complaince Fully Comingled collection

Paper in separate stream (two-stream)

Glass in separate stream (two-stream)

Glass and Paper in separate streams (three stream)

Full Separate Collections

Finding the right balance


Collection Vehicle Options


Collection Vehicle Options

Olympus = Wide & narrow versions with different volumes to suit specific needs

Twin Pack = Two totally separate

compartments sized to suit recycling scheme

Duo = features side loading non-compacting pod thats safer for glass collections

One Pass = Enables the collection of three separate waste streams on one round


Current ‘Stillage’ Vehicle


New ‘Kerb Sort’ Vehicle


What works for you?

Groups discussion:

Share thoughts

Ask questions

Guided discussion “improving recycling”

Vote for your preferred service option

Summary and close


Discussion - Improving recycling

Should we enforce the rules?

Should we reduce residual bin size?

Should we charge to collect Green Waste?

Would an incentive scheme increase



What works for you? Vote!

Consider 5 viable options for the future

Place YELLOW smiley face to show your favourite option

Place RED sad face to show your least favourite option

Place GREEN tick to show what was most important to you in making your decision



Lower materials quality High risk of contamination High processing costs Least compliant with Regulations Positives

Maximum tonnage collected Low collection costs Easiest for residents Least space required Containers



Fully co-mingled (One stream)

Wheeled bin or Box Fortnightly

Example: How to Vote!

Stick smilie face here

Stick sad face here


Thank you for coming

J Your views are important to us

J We value your time





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