Fall 2005 Feasibility Study: Allied Health Programs Respiratory Therapy Physical Therapy Assistant Occupational Therapy Assistant

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Fall 2005 Feasibility Study: Allied Health Programs

Respiratory Therapy

Physical Therapy Assistant

Occupational Therapy Assistant

Prepared by: Sunnary T. Adeva FA05: Allied Health Programs

Institutional Research Chaffey College

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A. Respiratory Therapy:

Background Information

Respiratory therapy is used in the diagnosis, treatment, management, and care of patient’s cardiopulmonary problems. The increasing numbers of persons suffering from respiratory diseases need complex treatment and rehabilitation, creating a need for specialists to assist doctors and nurses.

Their duties range from giving temporary relief to persons with asthma, pulmonary edema, or emphysema to giving emergency care for asphyxiation, heart failure, stroke, drowning, or shock.

Respiratory therapist monitor equipment, observes patient reactions, assesses conditions, assures comfort, and recommends changes in therapy to physicians.

Employment Outlook

As of early 1998, there were about 13,000 registered Respiratory Therapists in California. They enjoy one of the most favorable job outlooks in California. For the 1998 to 2008 annual period, the expected growth for Respiratory

Therapist will increase by 58%.1 The estimated total numbers of workers by

2008 will be 12,820 and this number will continue to grow.2 Fueling the

growth of the healthcare industry is the aging of the population, an increase in lung damage because of air-borne pollutants, and the development of new drugs and delivery systems to help treat lung disease. In table 1.1 below shows the median hourly wages for Respiratory Therapists in three counties taken from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey. Table 1.2 also indicates the current number of employed Respiratory Therapist (1,100) in San Bernardino County.

Table 1.1:

Occupation: Respiratory Therapist

Entry Level No Experience Experienced New to Firm Experienced 3 Years with Firm

Low Median High Low Median High Low Median High County Year

Los Angeles 2002 $13.20 $16.50 $20.00 $15.00 $18.14 $23.33 $16.50 $21.82 $26.00

San Diego 2003 $16.00 $16.83 $21.00 $16.00 $19.00 $26.00 $20.00 $24.79 $30.00

Ventura 2003 $16.12 $16.74 $18.00 $14.18 $18.99 $22.00 $19.05 $20.15 $25.00

Table 1.2: Current Employment for San Bernardino County in 2005 SOC Code

Number Occupational Title Employment Current Hourly Average Annual Average Annual Job Openings

29-1126 Respiratory Therapist 1,100 $23.93 $53,000 680

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Education and Training

Persons engaged in respiratory or inhalation therapy must be certified. There are two exams a prospective therapist may take; the Certified Respiratory Therapy Technician (CRTT) exam and the Registered Respiratory Therapist (RRT) exam. Both exams require the completion of an American Medical

Association (AMA) approved one or two-year program. Table 1.3 illustrates the number of training providers which offers Respiratory Therapy Programs. In Southern California there are 16 educational institutions that offer Respiratory Therapy Programs, of those only 3 of them are private institutions (18

percent).3

Table 1.3: Respiratory Therapist Training Providers in Southern California (offering Associates/Certificate Degrees)

Institution Program Degree Public or Private Accreditation

California College San Diego Respiratory Therapist Program AS Public Yes Concorde Career Institute Respiratory Therapist Tech Program AA/AS Private Yes Crafton Hills College Respiratory Therapy Program AS Public Yes

East Los Angeles College Respiratory Therapist Program AA Public Yes El Camino College Respiratory Therapist Program AS Public Yes Foothill College Respiratory Therapist Program AS Public Yes

Grossmont College Respiratory Therapist Program AS Public Yes Hacienda La Puente Adult

Education Respiratory Therapist Tech Program Certificate Public No Loma Linda University Respiratory Therapist Program AS Private Yes Los Angeles Valley College Respiratory Therapist Program AA/AS Public Yes Mt. San Antonio College Respiratory Therapist Program AS Public Yes Orange Coast College Respiratory Therapist Program AA Public Yes Santa Monica College Respiratory Therapist Program AS Public Yes

San Joaquin Valley College Respiratory Therapist Program AS Private Probation

Simi Valley Adult School Respiratory Therapist Tech Program Certificate Public Yes Victor Valley College Respiratory Therapist Program AS Public Yes

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B. Physical Therapy Assistant:

Background Information

Treating health problems by applying heat and exercise had its beginning in ancient times. Typical duties include giving heat, light and sound treatments and messages and exercises that help heal muscles, nerves, bones and joints. All of their duties are meant to help therapists restore physical ability in

patients of all ages.

Employment Outlook

The Labor Market Information Division and the Employment Development Department estimates that the number of Physical Therapy Assistants and

Aides currently over 15,600.4 Physical Therapy Assistants and Aides are in the

Top Fifty Fastest Growth Occupations in California. In table 2.1 below shows the median hourly wages for Physical Therapy Assistant in three counties taken

from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey.5 Table 2.2 also

indicates the current number of Physical Therapy Assistants (430) employed in San Bernardino County.

Table 2.1:

Occupation: Physical Therapy Assistants

Entry Level No Experience Experienced New to Firm Experienced 3 Years with Firm

Low Median High Low Median High Low Median High County Year

Los Angeles 2002 $15.00 $17.50 $23.00 $16.00 $19.25 $24.00 $16.00 $22.00 $29.00

Monterey Bay 2002 $9.50 $16.43 $22.92 $10.00 $18.00 $26.00 $15.00 $22.00 $30.00

Sacramento 2002 $14.00 $16.00 $20.00 $14.00 $17.00 $20.96 $16.00 $20.00 $25.00

Table 2.2: Current Employment for San Bernardino County in 2005 SOC Code

Number Occupational Title Employment Current Hourly Average Annual Average Annual Job Openings

31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 430 $22.15 $44,699 280

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Education and Training

Physical Therapy Assistants must be licensed by the California Physical Therapy Examining Board. There are two ways to qualify for the license. Graduates with an associate’s degree in Physical Therapy Assisting from an accredited school can apply for the examination. In table 2.3 shows the number of accredited training providers in California for Physical Therapist

Assistants.6 Of the six accredited Physical Therapist Assistant Program only

one of the programs is a private institution (16 percent). Table 2.3: Accredited Physical Therapist Assistant Programs in California

6 Physical Therapy Board of California Accredited Physical Therapist Assistant Program.

Institution Program Degree Public or Private Accreditation

Cerritos College Physical Therapy Program AS Public Yes

Loma Linda University Physical Therapy Assistant Program AS Private Yes

Ohlone College Physical Therapy Assistant Program AS Public Yes

Sacramento City College Physical Therapy Assistant Program AS Public Yes

San Diego Mesa College Physical Therapy Assistant Program AS Public Yes

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C. Occupational Therapy:

Background Information

Occupational Therapy Assistants help clients with rehabilitative activities as outlined in a treatment plan. They provide rehabilitative services to restore and maintain function in persons with mental, physical, emotional, or

developmental disabilities. The work includes activities such as teaching an ailing elderly person the proper method of moving from bed into a wheelchair or teaching clients with arthritis how to more effectively perform daily living activities.

Employment Outlook

According to the Labor Market Information Division and the Employment Development Department estimated the projected growth of Occupational Therapy Assistants will be by 65% over the next ten years. The estimated number of Occupational Therapist Assistants in California in 2002 was 1,300.

The projected number of Occupational Therapist in the year 2012 is 2,000.7

This growth comes, in part, from an aging population, especially the large baby-boom generation (1946-1964). Growth is also expected due to advances in medical science, which allows more people to survive critical illnesses and injuries who will then need rehabilitative therapy. In table 3.1 below shows the median hourly wages for Occupational Therapy Assistant in three counties taken from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey. Table 3.2 also indicates the current number of employed of Occupational Therapy Assistants (110) in San Bernardino County.

Table 3.1:

Occupation: Occupational Therapy Assistants

Entry Level No Experience Experienced New to Firm Experienced 3 Years with Firm

Low Median High Low Median High Low Median High County Year

Los Angeles 2002 $8.25 $15.34 $16.74 $9.00 $15.67 $21.49 $10.00 $20.30 $25.10

Table 3.2: Current Employment for San Bernardino County in 2005 SOC Code

Number Occupational Title Employment Current Hourly Average Annual Average Annual Job Openings

31-2011 Occupational Therapy Assistant 110 $24.15 $50,000 90

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Education and Training

Individuals who want to become Occupational Therapy Assistants must complete a two-year associate’s degree or certificate program from an

accredited community college, technical, or vocational school. Students must also complete supervised fieldwork in a clinic or community setting before passing the national certification examination to become Certified Occupational Therapy Assistants (COTA) administered by the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy (NBCOT). In table 3.2 below shows the number of

accredited Occupational Therapy Assistant programs in California.8 Of the four

accredited programs there is only one private institution (25 percent) offering training in Occupational Therapy Assistants.

Table 3.2: Accredited Institutions in California

8 California Foundation for Occupational Therapy Accredited California Schools.

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References

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