INFORMATION of 10 September 2015Frankfurt am Main
Building and Living in Communities
BIGyard Berlin, Architects: Zanderroth Architekten © Photo: Michael Feser
September 12, 2015 — February 28, 2016 at Deutsches Architekturmuseum (DAM) Schaumainkai 43, 60596 Frankfurt/Main Ground Floor
EXHIBITION OPENING: Fri, September 12, 2015, 7 p.m.
PRESS CONFERENCE WITH THE CURATORS: Thu, September 11, 2015, 11 a.m.
On Saturdays and Sundays, 3 p.m. OPEN:
Tue, Thu — Sun 11.00 — 18.00 \ Wed 11.00 — 20.00 \ Mon closed
ON THE EXHIBITION / BUILDING IN COMMINITIES 2
PROJECTS AND ARCHITECTS 3
LIVING IN COMMUNITIES SINCE 1900 5
NATIONAL URBAN DEVELOPMENT POLICY 6
PILOTPROJECT BUILDING AND LIVING IN COMMUNITIES 7 PUBLICATIONS / COINCIDINGPROGRAMME / IMPRINT 8
THE CONSTRUCTION OF HOUSING IS ONE OF THE FUNDAMENTAL TASKS OF
ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT, AND COMMUNITIES ARE PLAYING AN INCREASINGLY IMPORTANT ROLE IN IT.
The construction of housing is one of the fundamental tasks of architecture and urban
development, and communities are playing an increasingly important role in it. Yet how, and indeed why are more and more people building and living in communities? How does this phenomenon show, and what can architecture and building culture achieve in this context? All over the world buildngs are constructed, which provide answers to these questions – by building projects, cooperatives or housing associations. The underlying idea of community sets new, high quality standards. There are many reasons for this trend; primarily, flexible concepts of life and altered family structures, which cause a change in lifestyle. In a kind of retro move, ‘society’, ‘taking care of one another’ and social networks are more appreciated. Added to which there is the wish to be able to actively influence one’s own life situation. The residents plan, develop and build together, and/or they manage and live in a community. Thereby are three basic elements: the conjointly owned real estate, be it its design or the move to an existing building, and in it the possibility of encounters and personal responsibility for living together. There is no magic formula for building and living in a community. And living communally is not everybody’s thing. Yet it is worthwhile taking a look at the range of models with individual living quality for totally different needs, as well as at the opportunities for shaping cities this form of living entails.
“Such places can foster social cohesion, promote integration, and influence urban districts as a result. This is desirable not least with regard to demographic change.”
“We would very much hope that an increasing number of people take up the idea of shared living: be it local authorities and investors, private developers, tenants or architects. We found it to be an extremely robust model that can be adapted to countless different wishes and
settings, which is why we believe it will be the future norm in residential living.” (statements by Annette Becker and Laura Kienbaum, who curated the exhibition)
The exhibition focuses on 26 structures that have been built throughout the world. They respond with different concepts to changed life plans and diverse locations. Using innovative planning and construction processes, solutions are developed that are geared directly to the residents’ wishes and requirements. The structures exhibited on individual project tables are accompanied by an archive of further projects, which address various themes, and contain different forms of ownership. The exhibition also provides a host of background information on financing options and legal forms, on previous projects and the history of joint living, on the requisite (planning) stages a conjointly living project involves, and on points of contact. Further sources of information are listed in a library.
PROJECTS AND ARCHITECTS 3x Grün, Berlin / Germany (2011)
Arbeitsgemeinschaft Atelier PK Architekten, Roedig Schop Architekten, Rozynski Sturm Architekten
Mischen possible, Berlin, Germany (2010) BARarchitekten
R50, Berlin / Germany (2013)
Ifau und Jesko Fezer, Heide & von Beckerath Spreefeld, Berlin / Germany (2014)
Die Zusammenarbeiter – Gesellschaft von Architekten mbH, Silvia Carpaneto, fatkoehl architekten,
BARarchitekten / Landschaftsarchitektur: Gruppe F BIGyard, Berlin / Germany (2010)
Zanderroth Architekten, Herrburg Landschaftsarchitekten Umbau Sandberghof, Darmstadt / Germany (2007) Schauer + Volhard Architekten
Doppelhäuser Kiethier, Dießen / Germany (2007) Bembé Dellinger Architekten & Stadtplaner
Umbau Tabakfabrik Alttrachau, Dresden / Germany (2013) Praeger Richter Architekten
Wohngebäude Ostend, Frankfurt am Main / Germany (2011) Planbar Architekten, Ute Wittich Landschaftsarchitekten Neue Hamburg Terrassen, Hamburg / Germany (2013)
LAN Architekten + Konerding Architekten, BASE + RMP Stephan Lenzen Landschaftsarchitektur
Umbau Südstadtschule, Hannover / Germany (2012) MOSAIK Architekten, Grün plan Landschaftsarchitektur Wagnis 3, Munich / Germany (2009)
Bogevischs Buero Architekten & Stadtplaner, Keller Damm Roser Landschaftsarchitekten Dachaufbau Tunesisches Dorf, Wien / Austria (2012)
Krakauer Straße, Vienna / Austria (2013)
einszueins Architektur, DnD Landschaftsplanung
Umbau und Erweiterung VinziRast, Vienna / Austria (2013)
Gaupenraub +/- und Studierende, Landschaftsarchitektur: BOKU Wien, Prof. Lilli Licka und Studierende
Die Bremer Stadtmusikanten, Vienna / Austria (2010) Artec Architekten, Jakob Fina Landschaftsarchitekten PaN-Wohnpark, Vienna / Austria (2013)
Werner Neuwirth Achitekten, von Ballmoos Krucker Architekten, Sergison Bates Architects, DnD Landschaftsplanung
Umbau Kraftwerk 2, Zurich / Switzerland (2011)
Adrian Streich Architekten, Schmid Landschaftsarchitekten Kalkbreite, Zurich / Switzerland (2014)
Müller Sigrist Architekten, Freiraumarchitektur Chasa Reisgia, Ftan / Switzerland (2010) Urs Padrun
Villa an Vijven, Almere / Netherlands (2008)
NEXT architects, Kees Hund T & L Architect (Landschaftsarchitektur) Wohnsiedlung am Hang, Kaltern / Italy (2010)
feld72 Architekten, PlanSinn Landschaftsarchitekten Tila, Helsinki / Finland (2011)
Arkkiehtuuri-ja muotoilutoimisto Talli Oy / Pia Ilonen Künstlerhaus, Yokohama / Japan (2009)
ON design partners, Osamu Nishida und Erika Nakagawa 60 Richmond Street East, Toronto / Canada (2010)
Tepple Architects, NAK Design Strategies (Landschaftsarchitektur) 33 Orientales 138, Buenos Aires / Argentinia (2012)
LIVING IN COMMUNITIES SINCE 1900
Concepts for sharing have been a feature of housing construction for a long time. Motivated by a wide range of factors, they have existed since the early 19th century. The community-oriented projects reflected social trends and often emerged in times of economic crisis and social upheaval. To this day, several notable buildings and their innovative architectural concepts continue to influence trends in housing construction.
Germ Cell of Communal Living
Robert Owen’s utopia of a self-sufficient industrial village was intended to combine an urban residential culture and a neighborly village structure, which through mutual social support would engender new community frameworks.
With the aim of improving living conditions in rapidly growing cities, and creating low-cost housing, workers and civil servants were able to acquire cooperative shares in real estate, and actively decide as a community how it was organized and managed.
The Street in the Air
The use of different access levels enable public, semi-public, and private spaces to be terraced: Personal entrances along the raised street favor a sense of identity, while the access pathways offer residents a place for communal activity and spur-of-the-moment meetings.
Buildings for collective living
The construction of the Narkomfin Building, which stands out for its minimization of private areas and maximization of communal spaces including bathing and sports facilities, dining rooms and kitchens, was an attempt on the part of the young Soviet state to dissolve the classic family structure in favor of a communally organized society. The model failed after just a few years.
Living with service facilities is an, if anything, Western response to changing lifestyles and forms of housing in urban areas. Individual rooms and mini-apartments are rented out in which all the domestic duties are conducted by a collectively appointed service provider.
In Scandinavia, the Netherlands, and the USA, estates arise on own initiative with architecture expressly intended to promote a sense of community: The blend of privately and collectively used units are adapted to the respective residents’ wish for individuality or community. Subsidized housing with joint pool
offer an extremely wide range of opportunities for a wide range of residential needs and financial scope. Communally used spaces serve as the heart of the developments. Integral Lifestyle
Ever since the mid-1980s a not-for-profit association has made it its goal to bring together various types of residents, life models, and cultural opportunities in a community-oriented residential project. On the site of a former coffin factory a sort of “village in the city” was constructed featuring a residential home, nursery, event venue, seminar room, bathhouse, restaurant, playground, communal courtyards, roof gardens, and much more.
Urban development with building associations
Since the 1990s cities such as Tübingen and Freiburg have been relying specifically on private building associations, which without public clients and developers create living space in accordance with their individual wishes. This way city districts are upgraded or redeveloped. Architect s’ housing associations
Often initiated by architects, since the turn of the millennium housing associations have been cresting top-quality residential and open space, particularly in Berlin. Empty sites and gaps between buildings are being developed with in some cases unusual solutions, the city carefully re-densified, and comparatively low-cost residential property created.
A community cannot be planned architecturally. The residents desire for and willingness to embrace it are an important prerequisite for a community to emerge! Architectural design can influence subjectively-perceived residential features such as privacy, flexibility and
spaciousness, as well as a feeling of safety and security. Moreover, the deliberate design of points of transition between public, semi-public, and private spaces, as well as that of facades can generate interfaces between homes and public space, which exert a positive influence on the quarter.
NATIONAL URBAN DEVELOPMENT POLICY
This exhibition is a pilot project by the National Urban Development Policy. Under the heading of “Urban Energies – Living Together in Cities”, together with Nassauische Heimstätte/NH ProjektStadt and other experts over the next few years DAM will be devising strategies to better integrate joint building and living into urban and district development processes.
Cities, local authorities and regions all face a multiplicity of challenges. They have to square up to competition on the economic, regional and global fronts; they have to cope with the
consequences of climate and demographic change; and they have to find the right way to ensure cities develop in a socially equitable manner. Holistic solutions as well as cooperative and integrated actions are necessary to preserve our cities as successful, high-powered places worth living in for all segments of the population. For this reason, during the German EU Council Presidency, the ministers responsible for urban development in all the EU member states resolved the LEIPZIG CHARTER on Sustainable European Cities.
It contains two key messages:
>To strengthen tools for integrated urban development in Europe. >To pay greater political attention to deprived neighborhoods.
PILOTPROJECT BUILDING AND LIVING IN COMMUNITIES The pilot project is made up of the following modules:
Exhibition “At Home: Building and Living in a Community”:
The exhibition seeks to outline the potential different types of shared residences offer urban planners and enable the long-term successful realization of the relevant residential projects. Alongside different information offerings, it will concern itself with model urban projects and a large number of exemplary German and international building projects. Transfer of the knowledge gained by experience will illustrate how building and living together can impact favorably on urban and district development. Networking:
The exhibition is being accompanied by extensive networking. Experts from the worlds of politics and business, administrations, academia and civil society will be engaged in jointly formulating shared recommendations for action to advance the topic of “Building and Living in a Community”. Potential residents of such dwellings will also be specifically addressed – in the form of information on advisory services, networks and regional alliances.
Precisely in conurbations there is an urgent need to create new dwellings, to preserve quarters where a variety of segments of the population live, and to ensure a better social mix in other districts. Nassauische Heimstätte intends to provide a site in the Rhine-Main region where a lighthouse project on building and living together can be launched. Selection of the district, the plot and the requirements the building must meet will first be defined as part of the pilot project.
Annette Becker, Laura Kienbaum, Kristien Ring, peter Cachola Schmal (Editors)
Bauen und Wohnen in Gemeinschaft Building and Living in Communities Published by Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel
242 × 280 mm, 240 pages, Softcover, German /English ISBN: 978-3-0356-0523-5
available at the DAM museum shop for EUR 34.95, available at book stores for 59.95 EUR
DAHEIM – Building and Living in Communities
september 12, 2015 — february 28, 2016
An exhibition by Deutsches Architekturmuseums (DAM) Director Peter Cachola Schmal
Exhibition Concept Annette Becker, Laura Kienbaum
Research Assitant Kristien Ring, Claudia Haas, Falk Jaeger, Stefanie Lampe, Lucia Seiß, Erich Wagner Exhibition Design SIGN Kommunikation, Frankfurt am Main, Antonia Henschel, Jörn C. Hofmann, Angela Rindfleisch, Teimaz Shahverdi, Nicole Biskup, Silvia Elfes, Oliver Selzer
Translations Jeremy Gaines, Julian Reisenberger Museum Education Christina Budde, Yorck Förster Press and Public Relations Brita Köhler, Lisa Katzenberger Registrar Wolfgang Welker
Director’s office Inka Plechaty Administration Jaqueline Brauer
Exhibition Production Inditec Display & Messegestaltung; Oliver Taschke, Schreinermeister; New Tendency, Berlin; Nya Nordiska Textiles GmbH
Exhibition Installation Manager Christian Walter
Setup for the Exhibition Christian Walter, Marina Barry,
Pietro Paolo Brunino, Ulrich Diekmann, Enrico Hirsekorn, Caroline Krause, Eike Laeuen, Achim Müller-Rahn,
Harald Pompl, Michael Reiter, Angela Tonner, Gerhard Winkler, Valerian Wolenik
Dr. Barbara Hendricks MdB
Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety
A Pilotproject by:
Press images for announcements and reports during the exhibition period at www.dam-online.de
28.11.2015 – 01.05.2016 LINE FORM FUNCTION
THE BUILDINGS OF FERDINAND KRAMER
DEUTSCHES ARCHITEKTURMUSEUM Press & Public Relations
Schaumainkai 43, 60596 Frankfurt am Main, Germany, www.dam-online.de
Brita Köhler, Dipl.-Ing. (FH)
T +49 (0)69 212 36318 \ F +49 (0)69 212 36386 email@example.com
Lisa Katzenberger, cand. Arch.