I-MOVE network Monitoring Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness in Europe

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(1)

“I-MOVE network”

Monitoring Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness

in Europe

I-MOVE network

1

Esther Kissling

Alain Moren

Marta Valenciano

(2)

I-MOVE objectives

(Influenza monitoring VE in Europe)

ECDC tender 2007

To identify and

pilot test methods

to measure seasonal and pandemic influenza VE

in EU and EEA

To develop a system to monitor

on a routine and

real-time

basis IVE in EU and EEA

– have early estimates during the influenza season

– have a system ready to assess and monitor IVE in a pandemic

(3)

2007-8, Planning phase

Establishing a network of partners

Identification of methods to measure influenza VE

in EU /EEA

-

Literature review

-

Influenza VE survey among EU member states

-

MS & expert workshop on influenza VE studies

Main recommendations

-

Various study designs

-

Based on existing sentinel networks & existing DB

-

Variables to control for positive and negative confounding

-

Laboratory confirmed outcome

(4)

I-MOVE network 2008/9 – 2011/12

Cohort with nested case-control

Case

-

control

Screening

4

Partners

– 26 institutes

– 17 MS EU / EEA MS

Studies in 15 sites

– national case-control

based on sentinel networks

– multicentre case-control

– cohorts based on primary care

computerised registers

with nested case control

– screening

(5)

I-MOVE cohort studies

with nested case control

(

ref presentations

Nick Andrews and Jesús Castilla)

(6)

I-MOVE cohort studies

Methods

Large electronic GP databases

– England 1,005,132 ; Scotland 93,380; Navarra

604,595

– All ages

Outcomes

– ILI

– all respiratory illness

– hospitalisations

– death

– laboratory confirmed (nested case-control)

Adjustment for + and - confounding

Analysis

– Poisson/Time dependent, Cox regression

– Logistic regression (case-control)

6

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7

21

35

52

38

64

27

0

20

40

60

80

100

Crude

Adjusted

Crude

Adjusted‡

Crude

Adjusted‡

England (873,289)

-Poisson regression

Scotland (93,380) - Cox

Navarra (604,595) - Cox

V

E

%

I-MOVE cohorts:

Preliminary IVE (end of March 2011) against MA-ILI

(8)

I-MOVE case-control studies

(9)

Sentinel networks (> 1000 GPs)

– interview and swab of ILI patients

Reference laboratories

– cases: ILI positive for influenza

– controls: ILI negative (test-negative)

Vaccination status

– vaccinated: vaccine > 14 days before ILI onset

Covariates to adjust for + and - confounding

Pooled analysis

ref E Kissling presentation

Methods: Multicentre case-control study

Sentinel GPs:

sample of ILI patients

Ref lab :

PCR, culture

Cases:

ILI PCR +

Controls:

ILI PCR

-9

(10)

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Multicentre case-control

Strengthening methods along the seasons

Study sites, population, sample size

– Pilot season

5 study sites, elderly (N= 327)

– 2011/12

8 study sites, all population (N=4747)

EU ILI case definition

– Pilot season

4/5

– 2011/12

7/8

Selection of ILI patients to swab

– All elderly swabbed

– 2011/12 systematic selection of patients to swab

in other age groups (8/8)

(11)

Influenza VE by age and risk groups, type/subtype

Multicentre case control study, I-MOVE, 2007-12, EU

59

65

60

72

78

73

52

66

47

56

51

60

56

25

63

15

0

20

40

60

80

100

N=292 196 65-74 N=96 75+ 2902 2688 <65 1463 15-64 4410 1422 0-14 2656 15-64 291 65+ 2506 A(H1N1) 2119 B 1004 1014 431 15-64 503 65+ Overall Age group Overall Age Group Overall Age group Type/Subtype Target

group Overall Age Group Age Group Seasonal vaccine 2008/9 (study population: > 64 years) Pandemic vaccine 2009/10 (imputed data)

Seasonal vaccine 2010/11 (imputed data) Seasonal vaccine 2011/12 (target group only; VE against AH3)

A

d

ju

s

te

d

v

a

c

c

in

e

e

ff

e

c

ti

v

e

n

e

s

s

(

%

)

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Screening method

Italy, Portugal, Spain,

England, Scotland

(13)

Screening method: pandemic IVE

against lab. confirmed influenza

by age group 2009-10 season, Spain

Courtesy Amparo Larrauri

V

E

%

13

93 91 81 51 0 20 40 60 80 100

0-4 y

5-14 y

15-64 y

> 64 y

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MA-ILI – 2010-11, preliminary Screening IVE

(end of March) Effectiveness by week, England

47

43

41

40

40

40

39

39

38

38

0

20

40

60

80

100

03-Jan

10-Jan

17-Jan

24-Jan

31-Jan

07-Feb

14-Feb

21-Feb

28-Feb

07-Mar

V

E

%

Courtesy Dougas Fleming

(15)

Highly motivated study teams

Continuous exchanges

between I-MOVE members and with external experts

– during the season teleconferences, workshops

– annual meeting

– website

https://sites.google.com/site/epiflu/Home

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The I-MOVE network

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The I-MOVE network

Communication

– 29 articles published

– Scientific conferences (national and international)

– I-MOVE results included in meta-analysis

– Since 2009/10

• preliminary results communicated to EMA, WHO, ECDC

Funding

– 2008/9- 2011/12: funded by study sites and ECDC

– 2012/13: funded by study sites and EpiConcept

(17)

A consolidated network for measuring IVE

– estimates from several countries, designs

– laboratory confirmed outcome

– control for positive / negative confounders

Early estimates in seasons or pandemics

IVE by age group, subtype, target population

Contribution to strengthen influenza surveillance

– case definition

– systematic sampling

Challenge

– Long term funding….

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Patients

Influenza Sentinel networks

Study sites I-MOVE

- Denmark: A Mazick, K Molbak (2008-9) - England, Wales RCGP: D Fleming, H Durnall

- France OpenRome / GROG: JM Cohen, A Mosnier, I Daviaud - Hungary, NCE, : B Oroszi, K Horvath

- Ireland, HSE: AS Barret , J Rebolledo, J O'Donnell - Italy, ISS: C Rizzo, A Bella , MC Rota, S Erlich

- Poland National Institute of Public Health: I Paradowska-Stankeiwicz, M Fluchowska, P Stefanoff - Portugal, Inst Nac Saude Dr Ricardo Jorge: B Nunes, A Machado, J Marinho Falcão, R Guiomar - Romania, Cantacuzino Institut: V Alexandrescu, D Pitigoiti, E Lupulescu,

- Scotland, HPS: J McMenamin, C Robertson

- Spain, CNE, ISCIII: A Larrauri, S Jiménez, S De Mateo - Spain, Navarra Public Health Institute: J Castilla, I Martínez - UK, HPA: R Pebody, N Andrews, P Hardelid, G Kaftatos

ECDC:

B Ciancio, P Kramarz, A Nicoll

EpiConcept

: E Kissling, A Moren, M Valenciano

C Savulescu, T Seyler, A Halm, V Nancey, N Colombo, G Jeannerod

Other partners Institutes

- Belgium IPH

- Spain Valencia CSISP - Finland. THL

- France, InVS - France, Sentinel - Greece, KEEPNO

- Italy, Campobasso, Catholic University - Norway, FHI

- The Netherlands, RIVM

- The Netherlands, Erasmus University

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References

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