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Scientific Research Opportunities in Timmins, Ontario, Canada


Academic year: 2021

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in Timmins,






We know the scientific community has a strong interest in deep underground research to search for the so-far elusive ‘dark matter’ and to conduct CO2 capturing, in addition to varied geological, biological, and engineering-related experiments.


Timmins, Ontario, Canada offers the ideal underground location for a laboratory and the Timmins Economic Development Corporation is your link to setting up in the area. We are able to act as the intermediary with Glencore Canada Corporation, which operates the deepest base metal mine in the world at 48.6833° N, –81.3666° W, over 2,900 metres (9,514 ft) underground, where the opportunity for a deep-underground laboratory exists. This is 914 metres (3,000 ft) deeper than SNOLAB in Sudbury, one of the deepest underground laboratories in the world.


How deep underground scientists are able to conduct experiments is of significant importance in order to elude the universe’s cosmic rays that bombard Earth and

interfere with experimentation. Scientists seek to evade these cosmic rays to conduct experiments in isolation and have more conclusive results.

In May 2013, Timmins gained worldwide prominence with the discovery of water potentially 2.6 billion years old, found trapped in rocks deep underground.

“Until our most recent work, the hydrogen production in the continental crust was calculated to be negligible: close to zero. This was very wrong and our work shows the hydrogen production in the continental crust to be the equal to that produced in the oceanic crust. This doubles the estimate of hydrogen produced on Earth.”

— Prof. Chris Ballentine, University of Oxford “The rocks are so ancient they contain records of fluid and the

atmosphere from the earliest parts of Earth’s history. But simultaneously, they also provide us with information about the chemistry that can support life. The hunt for life in the deep crust is now a priority.”

— Barbara Sherwood Lollar, Geoscientist,


Ten Reasons for


Scientific Research

in Timmins

Easily accessible location

Deepest underground laboratory

opportunity in the world

Favourable climatic conditions

for atmospheric research

Safe and stable environment

Available incentives for set-up

of operations for R&D and

applied research

Variety of research site options

and development opportunities

Competitive operating costs

Access to a wide range of

post-secondary and other technical

resources to support R&D

Willing government and

community partners

Wide range of recreational and

leisure activities and supporting















Dr. Barbara Sherwood Lollar. University of Toronto. Dr. John Grotzinger. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California. Environment Canada. http://www.ec.gc.ca.

Canadian Space Agency. http://www.asc-csa.gc.ca/eng/sciences/balloons/base.asp.

Timmins Highlights

Water potentially 2.6 billion years old has been found trapped

in rocks in a deep underground mine shaft. This discovery questions a long-standing belief in the scientific community about hydrogen produced by Earth and chemistry that can support life.

Geology similar to that found on Mars. NASA and Jet

Propulsion Laboratory of California have conducted research and experimentation during the past 25 years in Timmins, most recently as a ten-day project in 2011 to prepare for the Curiosity rover’s mission to Mars.

Potential to set-up a laboratory in the deepest underground

base metal mine in world. The current depth of mine is

beyond 2,900 m (9,500 ft), providing the closest access in the world to Earth’s core.

Timmins has one of the longest, snowiest, and coldest

winters of any city in Canada. This fact, along with having very

low occurrences of severe weather and natural disaster events, makes Timmins an ideal and stable environment to conduct research.

The Canadian and French space agencies have chosen Timmins for joint multi-million-dollar stratospheric balloon

testing campaigns because of favourable atmospheric and on-site conditions.

Timmins is a modern city located within the boreal forest with

low population density and a vast geographic area to conduct

testing. There are extensive urban and rural road networks and over 500 water bodies within city limits.



Mik e Clegg


Location and


Timmins is easily accessible from Southern Ontario and the Northeastern United States, and is within a day’s drive of at least nine U.S. border crossings. Niagara Falls and Sault Ste. Marie are among the closest access points. Timmins Victor M. Power Airport (YTS) provides a convenient gateway to national and international markets, with ten daily flights on business days to Toronto Pearson International Airport (YYZ) and Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport (YTZ).

Our municipally-owned airport is located 11 km (7 mi) north of the city centre and serves 205,000 passengers annually.

Daily Flights to Toronto Monday to Friday: 4 Saturday: 1, Sunday: 2


1 h, 25 min Monday to Friday: 6

Saturday: 5, Sunday: 6 1 h, 40 min

Flight Connections


Porter Airlines Air Canada Express



1 Canadian Space Agency. “Timmins Stratospheric Balloon Base”.

http://www.asc-csa.gc.ca/eng/sciences/balloons/base.asp. February 2015.


Balloon Base

The Canadian Space Agency (CSA) and France’s Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES) continue collaboration on a multi-million dollar balloon testing project. Initial testing was completed in 2013 and the first official campaign started in August 2014. Successful results have led to plans and investment for further campaigns.

The agencies assessed numerous potential sites and selected Timmins because of its favourable latitude, wind and weather conditions, low population density, and optimal on-site infrastructure. It was also the top pick for meeting strict regulations governing high-altitude balloon launches and recovery.1

According to the CSA website, stratospheric balloons provide scientists and engineers with a new platform to test technologies and advance space science for up to 40 times less than the cost of a satellite or a launcher.


avid L



Cold Weather


A Timmins winter is one of the coldest, longest, and snowiest in Canada, making it ideal for winter testing. The city’s consistent climate conditions provide a real-world environment for your cold weather testing needs. An abundance of snowfall and snow accumulation makes Timmins a true “winter wonderland” for doing research and conducting development, performance, and durability testing.

Cold weather testing is a developing field for many manufacturers and their clients. Consumers demand

products that perform well in all-weather situations, so there is a need to test these products in real-world settings. Choosing the right location is the first step, and the Timmins Economic Development Corporation and the City of Timmins offer their full support.

We are ready to develop a successful partnership with your business, and are committed to ensuring that you have a successful cold weather testing season.


Timmins’ Natural


Timmins is built on the Canadian Shield, which includes some of the oldest rocks on Earth (approximately 4 billion years old). While at times a barrier to settlement, the Shield also yields great resources, including minerals, coniferous forests, and the capacity for hydroelectric developments.

The region’s geology is quite fascinating and, since the inception of the community, prospectors have been examining underground resources and have found a wealth of precious metals, base metals, and industrial minerals.

Located in the heart of the boreal forest, Timmins offers myriad testing opportunities across an array of fields by way of its diverse landscape. The city is home to many mining and forestry operations, which can serve as a practical test base for the equipment that is needed to operate both underground and open pit mines. Though companies plant and harvest trees for processing, the boreal forest has many riches of its own; the flora and fauna provide a vast laboratory to study ecological habitats as well as medicinal uses for plants.

With over 500 bodies of water, extensive trail networks throughout the forest, and ease of access to lakes, rivers, and streams, Timmins provides an ideal location to test recreational vehicles.

Aviation equipment, drones, and balloons are also well-suited for testing in the region due to its large



Envir onment C anada. “L ightning A ctivity in C anadian Cities ”. http:/ /www .ec. gc. ca. A ugust 2013. Total Strikes (1999-2008) 4033 London 1219 Markham 12414 Toronto 194 Owen Sound 2207 Ottawa 44 Fort Francis 259 Sudbury 228 North Bay 44 Kenora 442 Thunder Bay 11 Geraldton 47 Timmins 242 Per Square Kilometre Per Year

2.49 1.89 1.69 1.33 1.08 1.03 0.77 0.76 0.65 0.61 0.59 0.33 0.54

Per Square Mile Per Year 6.45 4.90 4.38 3.44 2.80 2.67 1.99 1.97 1.68 1.58 1.53 4 1.40 Sault Ste. Marie


Lightning in Ontario

The city of Timmins is located in a geographically- and meteorologically-stable environment. The low occurrence of severe weather events and natural disasters translates to operational continuity that researchers can count on.

Timmins is fortunate to have endured few severe weather events or natural disasters throughout its history. While heavy snowfall is common in winter months, residents and the municipality are well-equipped to deal with these types of weather events.

Northern Ontario has a very low level of seismic activity. From 1970 to 1999, only one or two earthquakes of magnitude 2.5 or greater have been recorded in this large geographic area. A magnitude 5 event is generally the threshold of damage. Timmins in particular has not experienced any significant seismic events in recorded history.1

There are fewer thunderstorms and cloud-to-ground lightning events in Timmins than in most other Canadian cities. Since most thunderstorms are fairly weak and short-lived, there is lessened probability of lightning-induced power outages, adding to the security and stability of Timmins’ power supply.

A Safe and Stable


1 Natural Resources Canada. “Earthquake Zones in Eastern Canada”. http://www.earthquakescanada.nrcan.gc.ca. August 2013.

Timmins Kapuskasing Kirkland Lake Sudbury Sault Ste. Marie



1900-1964 1965-2001 http:/ /www .earth quak esca nada .nrc an.g c.ca





In recent years both the provincial and federal governments have shifted resources toward furthering scientific research and innovation, demonstrating strong commitment in these areas. Special programming for Northern Ontario is available to assist with both business and non-business projects that build scientific and innovation capacity in the community and beyond. There are even greater incentives for scientific research and collaboration with post-secondary and research institutions.


The Timmins Economic Development Corporation has a proven track record of success in helping clients identify,

access, and secure government and other funding that may be available to develop and implement their projects. Highlights of available funding:

• Grant funding support from 50-100% available to cover technical labour, engineering and design, material, capital, and other project expenses.

• Opportunities to collaborate with Northern Ontario universities, colleges, and research institutions. • Internship support for science and technology graduates.



Site Selection

in Timmins

With a geographic area of 2,979 km2 (1,150 sq mi) and a

population of 43,165, Timmins enjoys a low population density and healthy mix of urban and rural environments. Timmins’ population density is 14.5 persons per km2 (37.5

persons per sq mi), 22% lower than the Ontario average. Timmins’ vast geography and low population density are key advantages for atmospheric and aviation-related testing operations.

Due to the city’s large geographic footprint and varied terrain, there are a number of prime locations for the establishment of research facilities. Key sites, such as the boreal forest, offer seclusion and natural privacy barriers, yet are easily accessible by road. In addition, the cost for industrial land is relatively low, with an average assessed value of $46,882 per acre ($115,800 per ha). The city has ample land available for development with close to 100 vacant properties zoned for industrial development, totalling over 2,000 acres (800 ha) of land, including a

new 85-acre (34-ha) industrial park in the west end of Timmins that is ready for clients.  Current prices are $65,000 per acre; however, the city is willing to negotiate the price based on investment and job creation.

Opportunities exist to conduct scientific research projects at the city’s Victor M. Power Airport. There is a great deal of land to develop on and the City of Timmins is open to negotiating an agreement for short- and long-term usage of land and development on it. The City of Timmins entered an extensive agreement with the Canadian Space Agency for the ongoing stratospheric balloon launch initiative. This agreement included set-up at the airport, $5 million in new construction and logistics for more than $1 million in goods and services and over 100 CSA personnel for each campaign.



City o f T immins By-L aw 2010-6885 , Appendix E. Fee Classification Base Application Fee (BAF)

New Building, Alterations, Repairs, Renovations, Moving Building, Trailers

Signs Demolition

Fee $50

BAF + 1.1% CV Above-Ground Tanks and Tanks Constructed on

Site BAF + 1.1% CV BAF + 1.1% CV $100

Building Permits in Timmins

Because of its long history in the mining and forestry sectors, Timmins has a well-developed local industrial supply and service sector to support your research project needs. These services include:

• Applied research capabilities • Electrical and mechanical parts supply and service

• Equipment rental • Logistics

• Equipment sales and service • Safety gear and winter clothing

• Telecommunications services, including high-speed fibre networks

The City of Timmins Planning Department assists developers with zoning amendments as necessary and ensures conformity with the City of Timmins Official Plan. Development projects require the establishment of a site plan control agreement to ensure that development principles of the Official Plan are addressed at the site planning stage. Site plan control applications are evaluated by the Community Development Committee before going to municipal council for adoption.

The City of Timmins charges building fees based on the construction value (CV) of a project. The table below outlines building fees for developments within the city of Timmins.




The Municipal




Access to

Research Skills

Timmins has three post-secondary institutions offering over 100 college- and university-level programs. Northern College is the largest of the three and has a dedicated School of Engineering Technology and Trades. Northern College offers certified programming to ensure that when students graduate they meet industry standards and qualifications and are ready for the workforce.

Northern College is part of the Colleges Ontario Network for Industry Innovation (CONII), with direct linkages to the Ontario Centres of Excellence and its programming. The purpose of CONII is to assist enterprises in solving their technical problems, adapting to new technologies, and developing new or improved products and processes. The Timmins Economic Development Corporation, in partnership with Northern College and North Eastern Ontario Communications Network (NEOnet), launched the Productivity & Innovation Centre (PIC) in early 2014.

The Timmins Economic Development Corporation collaborated with regional partners for several years to establish PIC. One of PIC’s main objectives is to assist organizations with product and process development, from initial research and development to applied research and commercialization.

Timmins is a bilingual city with both English and French language education options, from preschool through post-secondary. Collège Boréal is the francophone college in Timmins, providing post-secondary education in the fields of office administration, business and management, health sciences, human services, and trades, as well as services in continuing education, corporate training for businesses and industry, and employment services for individuals and employers.






Ontario has a combined corporate tax rate of 26.5% (federal rate 15%; provincial general rate of 11.5%). Ontario’s corporate tax rate is competitive when compared to many key US jurisdictions, which often have complex tax systems and rate schedules that can reach tax rates of up to 35%.

The city of Timmins, with a labour force of over 25,000 people, has the youngest labour force of the five major Northern Ontario cities and nearly half of this labour force is bilingual. The unemployment rate is below the provincial average.

Corporate Tax




Upper Provincial/State Rate 9.8 Minnesota 14.0 Newfoundland and Labrador

11.5 Ontario 11.9 Quebec 7.0 Rhode Island 0.0 South Dakota Federal Rate 35.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 35.0 35.0 Combined Rate 44.8 29.0 26.5 26.9 42.0 35.0

Corporate Income

Tax Rates


Population 15 Years and Over

Unemployment Rate (Unemployed Labour Force/Total Labour Force)

Employed Labour Force In the Labour Force

Timmins 37,185

6.5% Employment Rate (Employed Labour

Force/Population 15 and Over) 63.1% 23,472

25,112 Unemployed Labour Force 1,641

Ontario 7.0% 61.1%

Employment and

Unemployment Rates, 2014





Timmins is a full-service community offering an urban-rural setting with a small town feel and plenty of essential services, activities, and modern amenities for business travellers and company personnel. The city has a well-developed hospitality and retail sector, creating a great quality of life for residents and visitors alike. There is a healthy mix of chain restaurants and ‘big box’ stores, which is complemented by a number of unique, independent stores and restaurants. Timmins has over thirty restaurants to choose from, ranging from familiar ‘roadhouse’ style restaurants to fast food chains and international cuisines.

Timmins has also experienced growth in the accommodations sector, with three new hotels constructed in the past year. The majority of hotels in Timmins are well-known North American brands offering clean, modern facilities for short-term visitors and those seeking longer-term accommodations.

Visitors to Timmins can enjoy a host of recreational activities, including downhill and cross-country skiing, snowboarding, snowshoeing, snowmobiling, and ice fishing, to name a few. Whether you’re an outdoors lover or enjoy leisure sports, Timmins has the landscape and state-of-the-art sporting and fitness facilities for all your recreation needs.


The Timmins Economic Development Corporation would be pleased to meet with you to discuss opportunities for scientific research projects in Timmins, Ontario, Canada. Whether it be a phone call for initial discussion, a high-level presentation via web conference, or a formal community presentation, the team at the Timmins Economic Development Corporation is available to assist you with your scientific research needs.

For more information, contact: Ross MacDonald

Business Development Specialist +1 705 360 2600, ext. 7092 ross.macdonald@timmins.ca Jessica Davies

Economic Development Project Assistant +1 705 360 2600, ext. 7085


Timmins Economic Development Corporation 12 Elm Street North

Timmins, Ontario P4N 6A1 timminsedc.com


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