Dietary intake source data: United States, 1971-74

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Dietary

Intake

Source

Data

United

States,

197144

U

S

DEPARTMENT

OF

HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE

Public Health Service

Off

ice

of

Health Research, Statistics, and Technology

National Center for Health Statistics

(2)

c

Library

of

Congress Cataloging in Publication Data

United States. National Center for Health Statistics

Dietary intake source data, United States, 1971-74.

(DHEW publication , n o (PHS) 79-1221)

Tables.

Bibliography- p. 4

1.

Diet-United Stdtes-Statistics.

2.

Nutrition surveys-United States

I Abraham,

Sidney. 11. Title

111.

Series: United States. Dept

of

Health, Education, and Welfare

DHEW publication

;

(PHS) 79-1 221.

(3)

Dietary Intake

Source

Data

United

States,

1971~74

Presents findings

of the Health

and Nutrition E x a m i n a t i o n Survey

on

the dietary intake of calories and selected nutrients based on

interviews

of a probability sample of the U.S. population 1-74

years

of age, by age,

sex, race, and income level,

1971-74.

DHEW

Publication No (PHS)

79-1221

U

S

DEPARTMENT

OF

HEALTH,

EDUCATION, AND

WELFARE Public Health Service

Off ice of Health Research, Statistics, and Technology National Center for Health Statistics

Hyattsville, Maryland September

1979

(4)

NATIONAL CENTER

FOR HEALTH STATISTICS

DOROTHY

P.RICE,

Director

ROBERT A. ISRAEL,

Deputy Director

JACOB J. FELDMAN, Ph.D.,

Associate Director for Analysis

GAIL

F

FISHER, Ph.D.,

Associate Director

for

the Cooperative Health

Statrstics

System

ROBERT A ISRAEL,

Acting Associate Director for Data Systems

JAMES T. BAIRD, JR

,

Ph.D

,

Associate Director for International

Statstics

ROBERT C. HUBER,

Associate Director

for

Management

MONROE G. SIRKEN, Ph.D.,

Associate Director

for

Mathematical

Statstics

PETER L HURLEY,

Associate Director

for

Operations

JAMES M. ROBEY, Ph.D.,

Associate Director for Program Development

PAUL E. LEAVERTON, Ph.D.,

Associate Director

for

Research

ALICE HAYWOOD,

Information

Officer

DIVISION OF HEALTH EXAMINATION STATISTICS

ROBERT S. MURPHY,

Director

SIDNEY ABRAHAM,

Chief, Nutrition

Stutlstics

Branch

KURT MAURER,

Acting Chief, Survey Phnning and Development Branch

DIVISION OF OPERATIONS

HENRY MILLER,

Chief, Health Examination Field Operations

Branch

COOPERATION OF THE U S BUREAU OF THE CENSUS

In

accordance with specifications established by the National Center

for Health Statistics,

the Bureau of the Census, under a contractual agreement, participated in the design and selec-

tion of the sample, and carried out the first stage of the field interviewing and certain parts of

the statistical processing

DHEW PUBLICATION NO. (PHS)

79-1221

(5)

ROBERT

X U C Z W S K I j

Dt

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

We wish to acknowledge use of the Social Security Administration's System for

Automated Tabular Composition to prograni the detailed tables

of this report

that were photo typeset on Linotron equipment at the Government Printing

Office in Washington, D.C.

(6)

CONTENTS

Introduction

...

1

The

HANES

Program

...

1

Definitions

of

Vanables

...

2

Measures

of

Dietary Intake

...

2

Table and Figure Content

...

3

References

...

4

List of Detailed Tables and Figures-Part 1

...

5

List of Detailed Tables-Part

2

...

8

Part 1

.

Means and Percentile Tables and Figures

...

1-1

Part 2

.

Cumulative Percentage Tables

...

2-1

Appendixes

I

.

Demographic and Socioeconomic Terms

...

A-2

I1

.

Dietary Standards

...

A-4

(7)

DIETARY INTAKE SOURCE DATA, UNITED STATES, 1971-74

Sidney Abraham, Margaret D. Carroll, M.S.P.H.,

Connie M. Dresser, R.D., and Clifford

L.

Johnson, M.S.P.H.,

Division of Health Examination Statistics

INTRODUCTION

This is the third rep rt of data on dietary intake

obtained in the Health and Nutrition Examination Sur-

vey (HANES) of 1971-74 The survey was conducted

by the National Center for Health Statistics to assess

the nutritional status of the U S . civilian noninstitu-

tionalized population aged 1-74 years.

Findings from HANES are usually published in the

Center’s Vztal and Health Statzstzcs series. Because

of

its size, this report is being published as

a

separate

source document

This report is based upon the dietary interview

and presents information on the intake

of

calories and

eight selected nutrients during a 1-day period. It in-

cludes tables of cumulative percent distributions of in-

take by age for sex, race, and income level. Other

tables present the mean intake, standard deviation,

standard error of the mean, and values for selected esti-

mated percentiles of intake from the 5th through the

95th for each nutnent. The percentile levels of iron

and calcium intakes compared with the dietary stand-

ards are shown graphically by age for sex, race, and in-

come level. These source data provide basic informa-

tion on the distribution of calorie and nutrient intakes

in the US. population. They should aid in identifying

areas in which standards should be reexamined, and

they provide baseline information agamst which future

change can be measured

The reader

is

referred to the Vztal and Health

Sta-tzstzcs series for other reports

of

HANES findings. Pre-

viously published reports presented statistics on intake

of calories and selected nutrients’ and on frequency of

consumption

of

food groups

2

Analytical reports of

these statistics will be published, as will a report ex-

amining dietary intakes for several specific groups of

the population, including Spanish-American persons,

pregnant and lactating women, and people taking vita-

mins and minerals to supplement their diets.

THE HANES PROGRAM

The HANES program was undertaken by the

Na-tional Center for Health Statistics in response to a

directive from the Secretary of Health, Education,

a

d

Welfare to establish a continuing national nutrition sur-

veillance system under the authority of the National

Health Survey Act of 1956 HANES is part of a com-

prehensive nutrition surveillance system which has, as

part

of

its objectives, periodic assessment

of

the nutri-

tional status of the U . S . population and monitoring

changes in this status over time. The first HANES pro-

gram began data collection in April 1971 and was

completed in June 1974.

HANES is the first program to collect measures of

nutritional status for

a

scientifically designed sample

representative of the U S . civilian noninstitutionalized

population in a broad range

of

ages, 1-74 years. Other

earlier nutrition surveys, such as the Ten-State Nutri-

tion Survey? have had more limited objectives. Th

probability sample design

of

HANES, in which differ-

ential sampling is made of high-risk groups, permits

estimates to be made for the total population. At the

same time it permits more detailed analysis of data for

certain groups at high risk

of

malnutrition-the poor,

preschool children, women of childbearing age, and

the elderly?

3

Dietary intake data presented here are based on

findings from HANES

of

a sample

of

28,043 persons

aged 1-74 years selected to be examined at the 65 loca-

tions visited between April 1971 and June 1974. These

persons are

a

representative probability sample of the

total U S . population Of the 28,043 persons selected

for the sample, 20,749 (74 percent) were examined.

This corresponds to an effective response rate of 75

percent when adjustment

is

made for the effect of

oversampling among the poor, preschool children,

women of childbearing age, and the elderly.

The Bureau of the Census cooperated in the sample

design and in the initial visits to and interviewing at

selected eligible households in the 65 primary sampling

units throughout the United States. Additional house-

hold visiting, interviewing, history taking, and explain-

ing of the examination portion

of

the program were

performed by members

of

the field teams

of

the Cen-

ter These teams traveled

to

the various locations and’

included professional and paraprofessional medical and

dental examiners along with technicians, interviewers,

(8)

HANES

I

and other staff The selected sample persons for whom

an appointment could be made were brought into the

specially constructed mobile examination centers

which were moved mto a central location in each area.

The

HANES

nutntion examination included a gen-

eral medical examination by a physician for indicators

of nutntional deficiencies, a skin examination by a

dermatologist, and a dental examination by a dentist.

Body measurements were taken by a trwned techni-

cian; a dietary interview, consisting of a food frequency

questionnaire and a recall of food consumption over a

24-hour penod, was administered, a medical history

was administered by an interviewer; and numerous lab-

oratory tests were performed on whole blood, serum,

plasma, and urine. A description of the sampling proc-

ess, HANES operation, and response rates has been

p u b l i ~ h e d . ~

DEFINITIONS OF VARIABLES

Race was observed and recorded as white, black,

and other races. Of the 20,749 sample persons exam-

ined,

78.8

percent were white and 20.07 percent were

black. Only 1.13 percent of the sample was classified

as other races. Other races are included only when the

total subjects are used, they are not used in the white-

black breakdowns

The sample design focused special attention on

groups of people known to be at greater risk of

malnu-trition by oversampling these groups. The oversampling

was dlrected first of all to the poor The design thus

enabled the Center to obtain sufficient numbers to

analyze the nutritional status of poor black and white

persons without resorting to separate oversampling of

racial or ethnic groups. Thus while black persons

represent about

11

percent of the

U S .

population,

they constitute one-fifth of the HANES sample. Such

large numbers were found because the economically

poor segments of the population include dispropor-

tionate numbers of black persons. These larger num-

bers yield more reliable estimates for this group.

Income status is considered when nutritional data

are presented because quantity and quality

of

dietary

intake have been known to be associated with level of

income. The income status for each examined person is

expressed by the Poverty Income Ratio. (See appendix

I

.)

Families and unrelated individuals are classified as

being above or below the poverty level, using the

poverty index adopted by the Federal Interagency

Committee in 1969. This index, in contrast to total

family income, reflects the different consumption re-

quirements of families based on their size and compo-

sition, sex and age of the family head, and farm-

nonfarm residence.

For analysis, two groups of income levels are pre-

sented: income below poverty level,

a

ratio of less than

1,

and income at and above poverty level,

a

ratio

of

1

or more. Small numbers preclude the analysis of

dietary intake data by further gradation of incomes in

both income groups. Examined persons with unknown

income are excluded from the two income classifica-

tion groups, but they are included in the total group.

MEASURES OF DIETARY INTAKE

The dietary standards used in this report are de-

signed for the maintenance of good nutrition in

healthy persons in the United States. (See appendix 11.)

They allow for some margin above what is really

needed by most individuals with the objective of main-

taming good health in all. As a guideline to interpreting

the dietary data, the dietary standards for the evalua-

tion of HANES dietary data were developed with

advice from an

ad

hoc advisory group. The group con-

sidered dietary standards from the World Health

Organization> the Interdepartmental Committee on

Nutrition for National Defense,’ and the National Re-

search Council of the National Academy

of

Sciences8

as well as those used in the Ten-State Nutrition

Survey? The dietary standards for calcium, iron, vita-

min A, and vitamin C are related to age, sex, and physi-

ological state, while those for thiamine and riboflavin

are related

to

caloric intake.

Standards for assessing caloric and protein allow-

ances for adults, on the other hand, are based on

expected median body weight for sex and height at

ages 20-29. More specifically, an expected body weight

at ages 20-29 years was computed for each individual

adult in the survey based on height and sex. The

median

of

the distribution of expected weight for each

height and sex group was determined. Next the stand-

ardized allowance of calories and protein for each indi-

vidual 20 years and over was calculated by multiplying

the median expected weight for height and sex by the

recommended nutrient allowance per kilogram

of

body

weight (table 11).The resultant product was taken as

the individual’s height-sex standardized allowance. The

reported caloric or protein intake for each individual

was then divided by this standardized allowance to

arrive at the percent of standard. Height-sex specific

weight at ages 20-29 years

is

used because the weight

at these ages

is

thought to most closely approximate

the body’s cell mass. Cell mass, the metabolically

active part

of

the body,

is

the major determinant

of

adult nutrient needs Weight gain after 20-29 years is

presumed to be fat, with little increase of the body’s

cell mass. In fact, cell mass tends to decrease with age

even as weight increases:

which indicates that these

standardized allowances tend to overstate the nutrient

needs of older people as compared with younger. This

bias is much less, however, than it would be if nutrient

intake were presented per kilogram of body weight.

A method similar to that for adults was used to

obtam height-standardized allowances for assessing

caloric and protein dietary intakes

of

children. The ex-

pected median body weight for age, sex, and height

was derived from anthropometric data collected in

HANES.

The 5th, loth, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th, and 95th

percentiles are shown in this report. The 5th and the

(9)

95th percentiles

of caloric and nutrient intake are

fairly stable when gwen separately by sex, race, and

age. The further subclassification by poverty level

makes these percentiles very unstable because of the

small sample sizes resulting from the four subclassifica-

tions by sex, age, race, and poverty level. Percentile

distributions for the above subclassifications were de-

rived from sample sizes as small as 23 people. Less

value should be attached to percentiles derived from

sample sizes of less than 30 than t o those denved from

much larger samples. In the case of vitamin A intake,

for which the distnbution is highly skewed, a sample

size

of

30 may not be sufficient to determine the

stability of the distnbution.

Dietary intake measurements considered in this

report are: calories, calories

as

a percent of standard,

protein (gm), protein as a percent of standard, calcium

(mg), iron (mg), vitamins A (IUa) and

C

(mg), thia-

mine in mg and in mg per

1,000

calories, riboflavin in

mg and in mg per 1,000 calories, and preformed niacin

in mg and in mg per 1,000 calories.

Thiamine, riboflavin, and preformed niacin in

terms

of

mg per 1,000 calones were calculated for each

sample person by dividing the individual's value for

the given nutrient by his caloric intake value and multi-

plying the result by 1,000.

Intake data for niacin, a B-complex vitamin, are

based on amounts of consumed preformed niacin in

'IU

is

the abbreviatidn for International Unit.

foods. A variety of protein foods that are practically

devoid of nicotinic acid can supply all the niacin equiv-

alents by converting the amino acid tryptophan t o the

vitamin niacin necessary for optimal health. Thus

it

would be misleading to compare the niacin values t o a

dietary standard. Determination of dietary intake

of

nicotinic acid or tryptophan-containing proteins can be

determined by urinalysis. For these reasons, there is

no special discussion of niacin intakes.

TABLE AND FIGURE CONTENT

In part

1,

tables

1-1through 1-28 present the basic

statistics for examined persons by age for sex, race,

and income levels. In addition to listing the number

of examined persons and estimated number in the U.S.

population, the tables include means, standard devia-

tions, standard errors

of the means as defined through

replication,'

and the values for seven percentiles from

the 5th through the 95th. All statistics were denved

from the weighted sample data. Figures 1-1 through

1-28 present percentile levels of daily intake

of

calcium

and iron compared with the standard dietary allow-

ances by age, sex, race, and income level.

In part 2, tables 2-1 through 2-210 present cumula-

tive percentage distributions of calories and selected

nutrients by age for sex, race, and income levels.

0 0 0

3

\

(10)

REFERENCES

1National Center for Health Statistics- Calonc and selected

nutrient values for persons 1-74 years of age, first Health and

Nutrihon Examinahon Survey, United States, 1971-74.

Vital

and Health Statistics

Series

11, No. 209 Public Health Service,

DHEW, Hyattsville, Md. In preparahon

2National Center for Health Statistics. Food consumption

profiles of white and black persons aged 1-74 years, United

States, 1971-74, by C M

V. Dresser, M. D. Carroll, and

S.

Abra-ham

Vital and Health Stattsttcs

Series

11-No

210. Public

Health Semce Washington. U.S Government Printing Office,

May 1979

SCenter for Disease Control “Ten-State Nutrition Survey in

the United States,” 1968-1970 V-Dietary, DHEW Pub

No.

(HSM) 72-8133 Atlanta, Ga Health Services and Mental Health

Administration, 1972.

4White House Conference on Food, Nutrition, and Health.

Final Report

of

Panel 1-1,

p.

24,1969

5National Center for Health Statishcs Plan and operation of

the Health and Nutntion Examination Survey, United States,

1971-73

Vital and Health Statistics

DHEW Pub

No.

(HSM)

73-1310. Series 1 , Nos 10a and

10b

Health Services and Mental

Health Admimstration Washingtoa U.S Government Printing

Office, Feb 1973

6Caloric Requirements, F A 0 Nutr Stud

N o

15, Rome

(1957), Protein Requirements, FAO/WHO, F A 0 Nutr Meetings

Rep. Ser

N o

37, WHO Tech Rep Ser. No 301, Rome (1965),

Calcium Requirements, FAO/WHO, F A 0 Nutr Meetings Rep

Ser No 30, WHO Tech Rep Ser

N o

230, Rome (1962),

Requlrements

of

Vitamin A, Thiamine, Riboflavin, and Niacin,

FAO/WHO, F A 0 Nutr Rep No

41,

WHO Tech. Rep Ser

N o

362, Rome (1967), and Requirements

of

Ascorbic Acid, Vita-

min D, B12, Folate and Iron, F A 0 Nutr. Meetlngs Rep. Ser. No.

47, WHO Tech Rep. Ser. No. 452, Geneva (1970).

7Inter-departmental Committee on Nutrihon for National

Defense:

Manual f o r Nutrition Surveys,

2d ed. National Insti-

tutes of Health, Bethesda, Md., 1963

8National Academy of Sciences, National Research Councll

Recommended Dietary Allowances.

Nahonal Research Council

Pub 1694, 7th ed Washington, D C., 1968.

gKeys, A

,

and Grande, F.. Body weight, body composition,

and calorie Status, in R. S. Goodhart and M E Shils, eds.,

Modern Nutrition

in

Health and Disease

Philadelphia Lea and

Febiger, 1973. p. 20.

1

ONational Center for Health Statistics. Replication An

approach t o the analysis of data from complex surveys

Vital

and Health Statisttcs

PHS Pub. No 1000-Series 2-No 1 4

Public Health Service. Washington U S. Government Printing

Office, Apr. 1966

1 1

U S. Bureau

of

the Census Poverty increases by

1 2 million

in 1970.

Current Population Reports

Series P-60,

N o

77. Wash-

ington U.S Government Prinhng Office, May 7, 1971.

120rshansky, M

Counting the eoor Another look at the

poverty profile

Social Securzty Bulletin

28(1), Jan 1965

13Orshansky,M Who’s who among the poor A demographic

view of poverty

Social Security Bulletin

28(7) 3-32, July 1965

14U

S. Bureau

of

the Census Revision rn poverty statistics,

1959 t o 1968.

Current Population Reports

Senes P-23, No 28

Washington. U.S. Government Printing Office, Aug 12, 1969

15Circular No A 4 6 , Transmittal Memorandum No 9, Execu-

tive Office

of

the President, Bureau

of

the Budget, Aug 29,

1969, and Exhibit L (rev ).

(11)

,

LIST OF DETAILED TABLES AND FIGURES

-

PART 1

Tables

1-1 Caloric intake values for persons aged 1-74 years by sex, age, and race. Mean, standard deviation, standard error o f the mean, and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

...

1-2 1-2. Caloric intake values for persons aged 1-74 years by race, sex, income level, and age. Mean, standard deviation, standard error of the

mean, and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

...

1 4 1-3 Caloric intake values as a percent o f standard for persons aged 1-74 years by

sex,

age, and race Mean, standard deviation, standard

error of the mean, and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

...

1-6 1 4 Caloric intake values as a percent of standard for persons aged 1-74 years by race, sex, income level, and age Mean, standard deviation,

standard error

of

the mean, and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

...

1 8 1-5. Protein intake values for persons aged 1-74 years b y sex, age, and race' Mean, standard deviation, standard error of the mean, and

selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

...

...

1-10 1-6 Protein intake values for persons aged 1-74 years by race, sex, income level, and age Mean, standard deviation, standard error o f the

mean, and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

....

...

...

. . .

1-12 1-7. Protein intake values as a percent of standard f o r persons aged 1-74 years by sex, age, and race Mean, standard deviation, standard

error of the mean, and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

...

1-14 1-8 Protein intake values as a percent o f standard for persons aged 1-74 years by race, sex, income level, and age Mean, standard deviation,

standard error o f the mean, and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

...

...

1-16 1-9 Calcium intake values for persons aged 1-74 years by sex, age, and race Mean, standard deviation, standard error of the mean, and

selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

...

...

. . .

. . .

1-18 1-10. Calcium intake values f o r persons aged 1-74 years b y race, sex, income level, and age Mean standard deviation, standard error of the

mean, and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

. . .

....

...

...

. . .

. . .

1-20 1-1 1 Iron intake values for persons aged 1-74 years

by

sex, age, and race Mean, standard deviation, standard error of the mean, and selected

percentiles, United States, 1971-74

...

...

...

...

1-22 1-12. Iron intake values for persons aged 1-74 years by race, sex, income level, and age Mean, standard deviation, standard error of the mean,

and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

.

...

1 -24 1-13 Vitamin

A

intake values for persons aged 1-74 years b y sex, age, and race Mean, standard deviation, standard error of the mean, and

selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

. .

. . .

...

1-26 1-14 Vitamin

A

intake values for persons aged 1-74 years by race, sex, income level, and age Mean, standard deviation, standard error of the

mean, and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74.

...

...

...

...

. . .

1-28 1-15 Vitamin C intake values for persons aged 1-74 years b y sex, age, and race Mean, standard deviation, standard error of the mean, and

selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

. . . .

...

. . .

. . .

1-30 1-16 Vitamin C intake values for persons aged 1-74 years b y race, sex, income level, and age Mean, standard deviation, standard error of the

mean, and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

.

. . .

. . . ...

1-32 1-17 Thiamine intake values for persons aged 1-74 years by sex, age, and race Mean, standard deviation, standard error

of

the mean, and

selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

.

...

...

. . .

1-34 1-18. Thiamine intake values for persons aged 1-74 years, by race, sex, income level, and age Mean, standard deviation, standard error of the

mean, and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

...

1-36 1-19 Thiamine intake values per 1,000 calories for persons aged 1-74 years by sex, age, and race Mean, standard deviation, standard error

of

the mean, and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

...

,

..

9

1-38

1-20 Thiamine intake values per 1,000 calories for persons aged 1-74 years by race, sex, income level, and age Mean, standard deviation, standard error of the mean, and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

. . .

1 4 0 1-21 Riboflavin intake values for persons aged 1-74 years by sex, age, and race. Mean, standard deviation, standard error of the mean, and

selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

...

. .

...

. . . .

1 4 2 1-22 Riboflavin intake values for persons aged 1-74 years by race, sex, income level, and age Mean, standard deviation, standard error of the

mean, and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

....

...

1 4 4

(12)

HANES I

1-23. Riboflavin intake values per 1,000 calories for persons aged 1-74 years by sex, age, and race Mean, standard deviation, standard error

of the mean, and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

...

1 4 6

1-24. Riboflavin intake values per 1,000 calories for persons aged 1-74 years by race, sex, income level, and age Mean, standard deviation,

standard error of the mean, and selected percentiles. United States, 1971-74

...

1 4 8

1-25. Preformed niacin intake values for persons aged 1-74 years by sex, age, and race' Mean, standard deviation, standard error of the mean,

and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

...

1-50

1-26. Preformed niacin intake values for persons aged 1-74 years by race,

sex,

income level, and age* Mean, standard deviation, standard error

'

of the mean, and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

...

. . .

1-52

1-27 'Preformed niacin intake values per 1,000 calories for persons aged 1-74 years by sex, age, and race Mean, standard deviation, standard

error of the mean, and selected percentiles, United States, 1971-74

...

1-54

1-28 Preformed niacin intake values per 1,000 calories for persons aged 1-74 years by race, sex, income level, and age Mean, standard devi-

ation, standard error of the mean, and selected percentiles, United

States,

1971-74

. . .

. . . ....

1-56

Figures

1-1. Estimated percentiles of dietary calcium intake compared with the standard In males by age United States, 1971-74

...

1-58

1-2 Estimated percentiles of dietary calcium intake compared with the standard in white males by age United States, 1971-74

...

1-58

1-3. Estimated percentiles of dietary calcium intake compared with the standard in white males with income below poverty level by

age

United

States,

1971-74

...

1-58

14. Estimated percentiles of dietary calcium intake compared with the standard in white males with income above poverty

level

by age

United

States,

1971 -74

...

...

...

1-58

1-5 Estimated percentiles of dietary calcium intake compared with the standard in black males by

age

United States, 1971-74

...

1-59

18. Estimated percentiles of dietary calcium intake compared with the standard in black males with income below poverty level by age

United

States,

1971-74

...

1-59

1-7 Estimated percentiles of dietary calcium intake compared with the standard in black males with income above poverty level by

age

United States, 1971-74

...

1-59

1-8 Estimated percentiles of dietary calcium intake compared with the standard in females by age United States, 1971-74

...

1-59

1-9. Estimated percentiles of dietary calcium intake compared with the standard in white females by age United States, 1971-74

...

1-60

1-10. Estimated percentiles of dietary calcium intake compared with the standard in white females with income below poverty level by age

United

States,

1971-74

...

1 8 0

1-1 1. Estimated percentiles of dietary calcium intake compared with the standard in white females with income above poverty level by age.

United

States, 1971-74

...

1-60

1-12. Estimated percentiles of dietary calcium intake compared with the standard in black females by age. United States, 1971-74

...

1-60

1-13. Estimated percentiles of dietary calcium intake compared with the standard in black females with income below poverty

level

by age

United

States,

1971-74

...

...

1 8 1

'1-14. Estimated percentiles of dietaty calcium intake compared with the standard in black females with income above poverty

level

by

age

United States, 1971-74

...

1-61

1-15. Estimated percentiles of dietary iron intake compared with the standard in males by

age

United States, 1971-74

...

1 8 1

1-16. Estimated percentiles of dietary iron intake compared with the standard in white males by

age

United States, 1971-74

...

1-61

1-17. Estimated percentiles of dietary iron intake compared with the standard in white males with income below povertv level by age. United

States, 1971-74

...

1 8 2

1-18. Estimated percentiles of dietary iron intake compared with the standard in white males with income above poverty level by

age-

United

States, 1971-74

...

1 8 2

1-19 Estimated percentiles of dietary iron intake compared with the standard in black males by age. United States, 1971-74

...

1 8 2

<

1-20 Estimated percentiles of dietary iron intake compared with the standard in black males with income below poverty level by age United

States,

1971-74

...

...

1 8 2

1-21 Estimated percentiles of dietary iron intake compared with the standard in black males with income above poverty level by age United

States,

1971-74

...

...

1 8 3

1-22 Estimated percentiles of dietary iron intake compared with the standard in females by age. United States, 1971-74

...

1 8 3

1-23. Estimated percentiles of dietary iron intake compared with the standard in white females by age. United States, 1971-74

...

1-63

1-24. Estimated percentiles of dietary iron intake compared with the standard in white females with income below poverty level by

age:

(13)

1.25

.

Estimated percentiles of dietary iron intake compared with the standard in white females with income above poverty

level

by age

.

United States.

1971-74

...

1 8 4

1.26

.

Estimated percentiles of dietary iron intake compared with the standard in black females by age United States.

1971-74

...

1 8 4

1-27

Estimated percentiles of dietary iron intake compared with the standard in black females with income below poverty level by age

United States.

1971-74

...

1-64

1.28

.

Estimated percentiles of dietary iron intake compared with the standard in black females with income above poverty level by age

United States.

1971-74

...

1-64

(14)

LIST OF DETAILED TABLES

-

PART2

Tables

2-1. Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values for persons aged 1 year by sex and race f o r income levels United States, 1971 -74

...

...

...

...

2-2 Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values for persons aged 2-3 years by sex and race for income levels United States,

1971-74

.

...

. . .

. . .

...

2-3 Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values f o r persons aged 4-5 years by sex and race for income levels United States,

1971-74

. . .

. . .

...

...

. .

. . .

2 4 Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values for persons aged 6-7 years by sex and race for income levels United States,

1971 -74

. . .

...

...

...

2-5. Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake velues for persons aged

8-9

years by sex and race for income levels United States,

1971-74 ,

.

...

. . .

. . .

...

...

*

..

. . . .

2-6. Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values f o r persons aged 10-1 1 years by sex and race for income levels United States, 1971-74

..

. . .

...

...

...

...

. . .

2-7 Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values f o r persons aged 12-14 years by sex and race for income levels United

States, 1971-74

...

...

...

. . .

2-8 Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values f o r persons aged 1 5 1 7 years by sex and race f o r income levels United

States, 1971-74

...

...

...

...

...

...

2-9 Cumulative percentage distribution o f caloric intake values for persons aged 18-19 years b y sex and race for income levels United

States, 1971-74

...

...

...

2-10. Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values for persons aged 20-24 years b y sex and race for income levels United States, 1971-74

....

. . .

...

...

2-1 1 Cumulative percentage distribution o f caloric intake values for persons aged 25-34 years by sex and race f o r income levels United

States, 1971-74

...

. . .

...

....

...

2-12 Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values for persons aged 35-44 years by sex and race for income levels. United States, 1971-74

. . .

...

2-13. Cumulative percentage distribution o f caloric intake values for persons eged 45-54 years b y sex and race for income levels United

States, 1971-74

...

...

...

...

2-14. Cumulative percentage distribution o f caloric intake values f o r persons aged 55-64 years b y sex and race for income levels United

States, 1971-74

. . .

...

...

2-15. Cumulative percentage distribution o f caloric intake values for persons aged 6 5 years and over b y sex and race for income levels United States, 1971-74

...

...

2-16 Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values as a percent o f standard f o r persons aged 1 year by sex and race f o r income

levels United States, 1971-74

...

...

2-17 Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values as a percent

of

standard for persons aged 2-3 years by sex and race for

income levels United States, 1971-74

...

...

2-18. Cumulative percentage distribution o f caloric intake values as a percent o f standard for persons aged

4-5

years b y sex and race for

income levels United States, 1971-74

.

.

...

...

...

2-19. Cumulative percentage distribution o f caloric intake values as a percent

of

standard for persons aged 6-7 years by sex and race f o r

income levels United States, 1971-74

...

2-20. Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values as a percent

of

standard f o r persons aged

8-9

years b y sex and race for

income levels United States, 1971-74

...

2-21. Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values as a percent of standard for persons aged 10-1 1 years b y sex and race f o r

income levels United States, 1971-74

...

...

2-22. Cumulative percentage distribution o f caloric intake values as a percent of standard for persons aged 12-14 years by sex and race f o r

income levels United States, 1971-74

..

. . .

...

8

2-2 2 4 2-6 2-8 2-1

0

2-1 2 2-14 2-16 2-1

8

2-20 2-22 2-24 2-26 2-28 2-30 2 3 2 2 3 4 2 3 6 2-38 2 4 0 2 4 2 2 4 4

(15)

2-23. Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values as a percent of standard for persons aged 16-17 years by sex end race for

income levels United States, 1971-74

...

2 4 6

2-24. Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values

as a

percent of standard for persons aged 18-19 years by sex and race for

income levels' United States, 1971-74

...

...

2 4 8

2-25. Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values as a percent of standard for persons aged 20-24 years by sex and race for

income levels United States, 1971-74

...

2-50

2-26. Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values as a percent of standard for persons aged 25-34 years by sex and race for

income levels. United

States,

1971-74

...

...

...

2-52

2-27 Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values as a percent of standard for persons aged 35-44 years by sex and race for

income levels United States, 1971-74

...

...

2-54

2-28 Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values

as

a percent of standard for persons aged 45-54 years by sex and race for

income levels United States, 1971-74

...

...

2-56

2-29 Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values

as

a percent of standard for persons aged 55-64 years by sex and race for

income

levels

United States, 1971-74

...

...

2-58

2-30 Cumulative percentage distribution of caloric intake values

as

a percent of standard for persons aged 65 years and over by sex and race

for income levels United States, 1971-74

...

...

2-60

2-31. Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values for persons aged 1 year by sex and race for income levels. United States,

1971-74

. .

...

...

2-62

2-32 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values for persons aged 2-3 years by sex and race for income levels United

States,

1971-74

...

...

...

...

. . .

2-64

2-33 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values for persons aged 4-5 years by sex and race for income levels United

States, 1971-74

...

. . .

...

...

...

...

2-66

2-34 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values for persons aged 6-7 years by sex and race for income levels United

States, 197 1-74

. . .

...

...

...

2-68

2-35 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values for persons aged 8-9 years by sex and race for income levels United

States, 1971 -74

...

...

...

...

2-70

2-36. Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values for persons aged 10-1 1 years by sex and race for income

levels

United

States, 1971-74

...

...

...

2-72

2-37 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values for persons aged 12-14 years by sex and race for income levels United

States, 1971-74

...

...

2-74

2-38. Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values for persons aged 15-17 years by sex and race for income levels United

2-76

States, 1971-74

.

...

...

...

. . .

2-39 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values for persons eged 18-19 years by sex and race for income levels United

States, 197 1-74

. . .

. . .

...

...

...

...

...

2-78

2-40. Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values for persons aged 20-24 years by sex and race for income

levels

United

States, 1971-74

.

.

. . .

. . .

. . .

2-80

241. Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values for persons aged 25-34 years by sex and race for income levels United

States, 1971-74

....

. . .

...

. . .

...

2-82

2-42 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values for persons aged 35-44 years by sex and race for income

levels

United

States, 1971-74

* .

. .

. . .

...

. . .

...

2-84

2 4 3 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values for persons aged 45-54 years by sex and race for income levels United

States,

1971-74

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2-86

2-44 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values for persons aged 55-64 years by sex and race for income

levels

United

States,

1971-74.

...

...

. . .

2-88

2-45 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values for persons aged 65 years and over by sex and race for income levels

United States, 1971-74

.

...

...

2-90

2-46 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values

as a

percent of standard for persons aged 1 year by sex and race for

income levels United States, 1971-74

.

. . .

...

....

2-92

2-47 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values

as a

percent of standard for persons aged 2-3 years by sex and race for

income levels United States, 1971-74

...

. . .

2-94

2-48 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values

as a

percent of standard for persons aged 4-5 years by sex and race for

income

levels

United

States,

1971-74

. . .

...

...

...

...

2-96

2-49 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values

as a

percent of standard for persons aged 6-7 years by sex and race for

income

levels

United States, 1971-74

...

. . .

...

. . . .

2-98

(16)

HANES I

2-50. Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values as

a

percent of standard for persons aged 8-9 years by sex and race for income levels United States. 1971-74

...

2-100 2-51 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values as a percerlt of standard for persons aged 10-1 1 years by sex and race for

income levels. United

States,

1971-74

...

2-102 2-52 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values

as a

percent of standard for persons aged 12-14 years by sex and race for

income levels United States, 1971-74

...

2-104 2-53 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values as a percent of standard for persons aged 15-17 years by sex and race for

income levels United States, 1971-74

...

...

...

2-106 2-54 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values as a percent of standard for persons aged 18-19 years by sex and race for

income levels United States, 1971-74

...

....

...

...

....

. . .

2-108 2-55 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values as a percent of standard for persons aged 20-24 years by sex and race for

income levels United States, 1971-74

. . .

...

. . . .

...

...

...

. .

..

2-1 10 2-56 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values as a percent of standard for persons aged 25-34 years by sex and race for

income levels United States, 1971-74

. .

...

. . .

...

...

2-1 12 2-57, Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values as a percent of standard for persons aged 35-44 years by sex and race for

income levels. United States, 1971-74

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2-114 2-58. Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values as a percent of standard for persons aged 45-54 years by sex and race for

income levels United States, 1971-74

.

,

. .

. . .

. . .

* * 2-116

2-59 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values

as a

percent of standard for persons aged 55-64 years by sex and race for income levels United States, 1971-74

...

...

....

....

. . .

2-118 2-60 Cumulative percentage distribution of protein intake values as a percent of standard for persons aged 65 years and over by sex and

race for income levels United States, 1971-74

.

...

. . .

...

. . . .

. .

. .

2-120 2-6 1 Cumulative percentage distribution of calcium intake values for persons aged 1 year by sex and race for income levels United States,

1971-74

.

. . .

. . .

...

...

. . .

2-1 22 2-62 Cumulative percentage distribution of calcium intake values for persons aged 2-3 years by sex and race for income levels United

States, 1971-74 ,

..

. . .

...

. . .

...*

. . .

...

2-1 24 2-63 Cumulative percentage distribution of calcium intake values for persons aged 4-5 years by sex and race for income levels United

States, 1971-74

...

. . .

. . .

. . .

...

. . .

. . . .

2-126 2-64. Cumulative percentage distribution of calcium intake values for persons aged 6-7 years by sex and race for income levels United

States, 1971-74

. . .

. . .

....

...

...

....

...

2-128 2-65 Cumulative percentage distribution of calcium intake values for persons aged 8-9 years by sex and race for income levels United

States, 1971-74

. . .

...

. . . .

...

. . . .

2-130 2-66. Cumulative percentage distribution of calcium intake values for persons aged 10-1 1 years by sex and race for income levels United

States, 1971-74

....

. . .

...

....

...

...

...

. .

....

2-132 2-67 Cumulative percentage distribution of calcium intake values for persons aged 12-14 years by sex and race for income levels United

States, 1971-74

. . .

. . .

...

. . .

. . .

....

2-1 34 2-68. Cumulative percentage distribution of calcium intake values for persons aged 15-17 years by sex and race for income levels United

. . .

. . .

. . .

. . .

States, 197 1-74

..

* 2-136

2-69 Cumulative percentage distribution of calcium intake values for persons aged 18-19 years by sex and race for income levels United States, 1971-74 ,

.

,

. .

....

...

. . .

2-138 2-70. Cumulative percentage distribution of calcium intake values for persons aged 20-24 years by sex and race for income levels United

. . .

...

. . .

States, 1971-74 2-1 40

2-71 Cumulative percentage distribution of calcium intake values for persons aged 25-34 years by sex and race for income levels United

...

...

States, 1971-74 2-142

2-72 Cumulative percentage distribution of calcium intake values for persons aged 35-44 years by sex and race for income levels United States, 1971-74

. . . . . .

. . .

2-144 2-73 Cumulative percentage distribution of calcium intake values for persons aged 45-54 years by sex and race for income levels United

States, 1971-74

. . .

. . .

. . .

2-146 2-74 Cumulative percentage distribution of calcium intake values for persons aged 55-64 years by sex and race for income levels United

States, 1971-74

. . .

. . . . . .

.

.

, ,

..

2-148 2-75. Cumulative percentage distribution of calcium intake values for persons aged 65 years and over by sex and race

for

income levels

United States, 1971-74

...

. . . .

.

, 2-150 2-76. Cumulative percentage distribution of iron intake values for persons aged 1 year by sex and race for income levels United

States,

1971-74

.

. . .

...

, 2-152

(17)

I

2-77.

Cumulative percentage distribution of iron intake values for persons aged

2-3

years by sex and race for income levels United States,

1971-74

...

2-1

54

2-78.

Cumulative percentage distribution of iron intake values for persons aged

4-5

years by sex and race for income levels United States,

1971-74

...

2-1 56

2-79.

Cumulative percentage distribution of iron intake values for persons aged

6-7

years by sex and race for income levels United States,

1971-74

...

...

2-1 58

2-80.

Cumulative percentage distribution of iron intake values for persons aged

8-9

years by sex and race for income levels United States,

1971-74

...

. . .

...

2-160

2-81

Cumulative percentage distribution of iron intake values for persons aged

10-11

years by sex and race for income levels United States,

1971-74

...

...

...

2-162

2-82.

Cumulative percentage distribution of iron intake values for persons aged

12-14

years by sex and race for income levels United States,

197 1-74

...

...

2-1 64

2-83.

Cumulative percentagedistribution of iron intake values for persons aged

15-17

years by sex and race for income levels. United States,

1971-74

...

...

...

2-1 66

284.

Cumulative percentage distribution of iron intake values for persons aged

18-19

years by sex and race for income levels United States,

1971-74

.

. . .

...

...

. .

2-168

2-85.

Cumulative percentage distribution of iron intake values for persons aged

20-24

years by sex and race for income levels United States,

1971-74

...

...

. . .

2-1 70

2-86.

Cumulative percentage distribution of iron intake values for persons aged

25-34

years by sex and race for income levels United States,

1971-74

...

...

...

....

...

2-1 72

2-87.

Cumulative percentage distribution of iron intake values for persons aged

35-44

years by sex and race for income levels United States,

.

1971-74

. . .

2-1 74

2-88.

Cumulative percentage distribution of iron intake values for persons aged

46-54

years by sex and race for income levels United States,

1971-74

...

. . .

. . .

....

2-1 76

2-89

Cumulative percentage distribution of iron intake values for persons aged

5584

years by sex and race for income levels United States,

1971-74

..

...

. . . .

...

2-1 78

2-90.

Cumulative percentage distribution of iron intake values for persons aged

66

years and over by sex and race for income levels United

States,

1971-74

..

. . .

. . .

...

. . .

2-1 80

2-91.

Cumulative percentage distribution of vitamin A intake values for persons aged

1

year by sex and race for income levels United

States,

1971 -74

. . .

.

.

...

...

2-1 82

2-92

Cumulative percentage distribution of vitamin A intake values for persons aged

2-3

years by sex and race for income levels United

States,

1971-74

.

. . .

...

...

2-1 84

2-93

Cumulative percentage distribution of vitamin

A

intake values for persons aged

4-5

years by sex and race for income levels United

States,

1971 -74

. . .

...

2-1 86

2-94

Cumulative percentage distribution of vitamin

A

intake values for persons aged

6-7

years by sex and race for income levels United

States,

1971 -74

. . .

...

. . .

2-188

2-95

Cumulative percentage distribution of vitamin A intake values for persons aged

8-9

years by sex and race for income levels United

States,

1971-74

. .

...

. . .

2-1 90

2-96.

Cumulative percentage distribution of vitamin A intake values for persons aged

10-11

years by sex and race for income levels United

States,

1971-74..

.

...

. . .

2-1 92

2-97

Cumulative percentage distribution of vitamin A intake values for persons aged

12-14

years by sex and race for income levels United

States,

1971-74

..

. . .

. . .

2-1 94

2-98

Cumulative percentage distribution of vitamin

A

intake values for persons aged

15-17

years by sex and race for income levels United

States,

1971-74

...

....

...

2-1 96

2-99

Cumulative percentage distribution of vitamin A intake values for persons aged

18-19

years by sex and race for income levels United States,

1971-74

.

.

. . ...

...

...

2-1 98

2-100

Cumulative percentage distribution of vitamin

A

intake values for persons aged

20-24

years by sex and race for income levels United

States,

1971-74

...

...

...

...

2-200

2-101

Cumulative percentage distribution of vitamin A intake values for persons aged

25-34

years by sex and race for income levels United

States,

1971-74

. . . .

...

2-202

2-102

Cumulative percentage distribution of vitamin A intake values for persons aged

35-44

years by sex and race for income levels United

States,

1971-74

. . .

...

. . .

2-204

2-103

Cumulative percentage distribution of vitamin A intake values for persons aged

46-54

years by sex and race for income levels United

States,

1971-74

...

...

...

...

2-206

Figure

Updating...

References

Updating...

Related subjects :