Ob osamosvojitvi Fakultete za strojništvo v Ljubljani

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Vol. Vil

STROJNIŠKI VESTNIK

KEtllHIilUlIllll

LJUBLJANA, JANUARY, 1961 No. 1

ENGLISH SYNOPSES OF PRIN C IPA L ARTICLES

On 1st October, 1960 th e fo rm er Faculty fo r Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, U niversity o f Ljubljana dissociated into tw o in d ep en d en t - faculties: the F aculty fo r Electrical Engineering and the F aculty fo r M echanical Engineering.

The “M echanical Journal” devotes th is issue to the new in ­ dependent F aculty fo r M echanical Engineering.

Dr. Sc. Z o ran RANT, full professor and dean of F acu lty fo r M echanical Engineering, Mech. eng.:

AT OCCASION OF INDEPENDENCE OF FACULTY FOR MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, LJUBLJANA

In th e scholastic y ea r 1950/51, 496 stu d en ts w ere m atricu late d on th e F acu lty (then D e p art­ m ent) fo r M echanical Engineering, ten y ea rs later, viz. in th e scholastic y e a r 1960/61 th e re are 1169 students. Of th is n u m b er 969 a re o rd in ary students, 200 e x tra o rd in a ry . T his increase is fully m otivated by o u r econom ical developm ent. So as abroad, the econom y an d all o th er m an ’s activ ity becomes also in th is co u n try by leaps ra p id ly technicalized. The engineering and w ith it associated m achines in tru d e from all p a r ts in to alm ost all dom ains of m odern life w ith m uch g re a te r speed th a n it is possible lo p re p a re an d school professionals, w hich are ab ­ solutely necessary fo r th e creation and m aintenance of th e m ore an d m ore com plicated technical m ech­ anism .

T he problem of disagreem ent betw een the n u m b e r of people tra in e d and th e necessities and th e developm ent of technical p lan ts is p artic u la rly sensible in th is co u n try in th e dom ain of m echan­ ical engineering. T herefore o u r pedagogical tasks are enorm ous w ith o u t exageration.

T he F acu lty fo r M echanical E ngineering took charge of th is v ery difficu lt ta sk w ith assurance, and in p arallel to th e effo rts of people’s au th o rities w idely opened its doors to all w hich fulfil th e con­ ditions of en ro lm en t in spite of th e heavy lack of room.

F o r th is aim we have engaged ourselves for a th o ro u g h reo rganization of th e study p rogram m e and regim e. The studies in th re e stages w ill be useful fo r the econom y as w ell as fo r the students.

The first stage of studies w ill produce th a t g re at n u m b e r of academ ically qualified people w hich are needed in th e technical practice fo r the im m ediate guidance of vario u s procedures o r op­ erations. On th e u p p e r stages of studies w e will easier and th o ro u g h ly deepen th e theoretical and practical know ledge directed into specialization or scientific w ork.

The ex tra o rd in a ry stu d y facilities w hich were introduced this y e a r by th e F aculty bring th e faculty n e a re r to w orking people.

The w idened and renew ed w ork of the Faculty is associated w ith a radical regulation of th e m a­ te ria l basis and an increase in n u m b er of the teaching and ad m in istrativ e personnel.

N ande NIKLSBACHER, lectu rer on F aculty for M echanical Engineering, Mech. eng.:

SURVEY OF DEVELOPMENT OF COLLEGE STUDIES OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING IN LJUBLJANA AT ITS 150th ANNIVERSARY

A g re a t n u m b er of u n iv ersity institutions w hich signified an organic p re p ara tio n of the people of th a t tim e fo r th e gro w th of a com plete university, joined in th e sam e and the n ex t cen­ tu ries th e secondary school w hich w as founded in 1563 in L jubljana. In th e very early years of the 18th ce n tu ry the philosophical and theological acad­ emies w ere established, in 1760 also th e academ y of general physics w ith a cath ed ra for special physics. In 1767, th e cath ed ra fo r m echanics was created.

The academ ies of L ju b ljan a received th e first blow in 1785 w hen th e A ustrian governm ent dis­ solved in excess of o ther also the philosophical faculty w hich com prised all professorships of the existing engineering sciences.

It is ch aracteristic th a t th e country diet of th a t tim e dem anded a study program m e according to th e program m e of the reorganized studies of th e V ienna university. B ut it happened th a t th a t w h at th e C arniolia country diet trie d to obtain from th e A u strian governm ent of V ienna was fulfilled in an o th er form and in a changed sov­ ereig n ty in 1810 in N apoleon’s Illyria. The studies of engineering and arch itectu re th en lasted four years. F rom th a t tim e th e oldest study program m e of engineering studies on th e L jubljana u niversity is know n. T herefore w e can state w ith authorization th a t u n iv ersity studies of m echanical engineering appeared on th e central school of L ju b ljan a already accurately 150 years ago.

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U n fo rtu n ately th e period of th is c u ltu ra l p ro ­ gress and independence lasted fo r 15 years only — till th e recom m encem ent of A u strian dom ination. E ngineering studies ceased entirely. Slovene engi­ neers w ere forced to stu d y on A u strian engineering colleges, viz. p a rtly on G erm an colleges of Vienna, G raz and Leoben and p a rtly on Czech colleges of B rno, P ra h a and P rib ram . In these cities th e rev ­ olution a fte r W orld W ar I in 1918 found several engineering stu d en ts of th is country.

A n u m b er of scientists and of technical experts w hich h ith e rto w orked in o th e r places b u t wished subsequently cooperate in th e ir n ativ e country g ath ered a t th a t tim e in L jubljana. B u t p arallelly th e need fo r new engineering personnel also in ­ creased. A t th e v ery beginning of 1919 the idea arose th a t a technical u n iv ersity be established in L jubljana. On 23th July, 1919 the founding of the U niversity of L ju b lja n a passed into law . T hen the U niv ersity com prised th e philosophical, law, m ed­ ical an d engineering faculties. The technical fac­ u lty w as divided in to civil-w ork, architectu ral, m echanical-electrical, m ining and chem ical d e p a rt­ m en ts and a geodetical course lasting tw o years. T he problem of room s w as p a rtic u la rly dif­ ficult. T hree halls an d two. sm all room s w ere then allo tted to th e technical faculty in th e building of th e technical school, th e d raw ing room and the chem ical lectu re room of th e m odem secondary school fo r several h ours w eekly. In th e cellar of th e la tte r school, a chem ical lab o ra to ry w as estab­ lished w ith an equipm ent very u p -to -d a te for

th a t tim e. W ith th e assistance of bank in g in stitu ­ tions and in d u stria l en terp rises th e com m ittee for building th e technical facu lty w as able alread y in A ugust, 1920 to place th e o rd e r fo r civil w orks to the builder. In th e fall of 1921 th e building at A škerčeva stre e t w as re ad y fo r m oving in.

W hen in th e fa ll of 1927 a new wing was erected a t th e b uilding of th e technical faculty, am ong o thers — th e In stitu te for general m achine engineering m oved in.

T he follow ing decade could be characterized by the struggle fo r th e survival of th e u n re stricted u n iv ersity against attem p ts of th e governm ent of B eograd to dissolve one o r an o th er faculty, in sti­ tu te or d ep artm en t. In spite of th e relentless b a ttle of all concerned parties, some sem esters of the m edical faculty w ere cancelled and th e studies of m echanical engineering w ere reduced to fo u r se­ m esters on the th en existing In stitu te fo r m echan­ ical engineering. The governm ent bodies of th a t tim e did no t have (or did not wish to have) the com prehension th a t th e fo rm e r A ustro-H ungarian practice had to be discontinued and care be taken th a t professionals be tra in e d a t hom e and th a t foreigners should no t be given several im por­ ta n t jobs.

T hen professor Mr. Lobe h ad alread y p rep ared to th e last details the plans for th e in stitu te of

m echanical engineering. Several interv en tio n s and trip s to B eograd and searching fo r contacts in v a r­ ious governm ental bodies w ere necessary before also com petent ra n k s began seriously to discuss upon th e building of th e in stitu te for m echanical engineering. In spite of all these difficulties the case of th e in stitu te nevertheless m oved from the dead center. By an am endm ent to th e budget law fo r th e y ea r 1938/39 th e m in ister of education was authorized to raise a loan fo r building the institute fo r m echanical engineering on th e technical faculty, U niversity of L jubljana. In th e fall of 1938 civil w orks w ere started, in th e sum m er 1939 th e skel­ eton of th e building w as erected up to th e fop so th a t outside plasterin g w as begun in 1940. B ut till th e o u tb u rst of W orld W ar II the building n ever­ theless w as com pleted and conseigned to its aim. All th is tim e th e struggle fo r a com plete 4-year faculty was continued. F inally on 5th A pril, 1941. in B eograd the decree w as signed w herein it w as de­ term in ed th a t a d ep a rtm en t for m echanical en ­ gineering be added to th e technical faculty of L jubljana. B u t th e v ery n e x t day Y ugoslavia was seized by th e w ave ob fiendly attacks — World W ar II in tru d ed w ith all violence also in this country. The in au g u ratio n of th e com plete d ep a rt­ m en t fo r m echanical engineering rem ained th e re ­ fore existing only on paper, and the building of th e d ep a rtm en t fo r m echanical engineering was used as b arrack s by th e conquerors.

In new Y ugoslavia th e building w as completed in less th a n one y ear and on 15th March, 1946, the in stitu te for m echanical engineering w as inaugu­ ra te d fo r its purpose. This day m arks th e first pos­ sibility fo r full studies of m echanical engineering on th e U niversity of L jubljana.

The n ex t decade can be m arked as a period of incessant g ro w th and stren g th en in g of th e de­ p a rtm e n t for m echanical engineering w hich passed th ro u g h several form s of organization. W ith the beginning of th e scholastic y ear 1960/61 finally the actual form was developed of an independent F aculty fo r M echanical Engineering on th e U ni­ versity of L jubljana.

M iran OPREŠNIK, lectu rer on F aculty for M echan­ ical engineering, Mech. eng.:

NEW IDEAS OF STUDIES OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

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T he reorganization of u niversity studies is being discussed alread y over a long period. All these discussions show clearly, th a t the developm ent of production and th e change in social relations inevi­ tab ly dem and fo r certain changes in th e system of college studies. A nd even m ore: Several consider a- tons point at the necessity of a thorough reo r­ ganization of professional schools.

A lready on an in ter-facu lty m eeting of del­ egates of all faculties fo r m echanical engineering

of Y ugoslavia in December, 1958 th e opinion took shape th a t no t all engineers do need th e highest faculty education. We w ould need:

1) a g re at n u m b er of practically oriented engineers w hich w ould occupy key posts in our in d u strial und ertak in g s p artic u la rly in the w orks for application of developed and introduced w ork­ ing processes and

2) a sm all num ber of theoretically deeply educated engineers fo r th e introduction of new w orking processes fo r designing big m achines and plants, for the technical m anagem ent of great m achine w orks and finally for pedagogical w ork on technical schools.

B ut those w ere no t the first hints. F or the solution of these problem s hints w ere given also by single branches of the Society of Mechanical Engineers and Technicians. T hereby we should not forget th e discussions of th e V IIth Congres of the Association of C om m unists of Y ugoslavia which em phasize th e d u ty of o u r science to contribute as m uch as possible to th e developm ent of production. The reasons enum erated induced the study com­ m ission of th e F aculty for M echanical Engineering to tak e th e decision regarding the reform ation of studies of m echanical engineering already a t the end of the scholastic y ea r 1958/59. Let us give a b rief survey thereupon:

1) The new study program m e is divided into th ree stages. The com plete faculty education of the first stage w hich lasts actually tw o years and is intended fo r all those w hich are talented practically w ill produce a g reat n um ber of m echanical engi­ neers capable of solving such general task s w hich today are m ost pressing for o u r economy.

2) In th e second stage, viz. in th e following tw o years w e shall obtain a reduced n u m b er of qualified engineers, thoroughly skilled in th eo reti­ cal fundam entals w hich w ill resolve im portant technical tasks linked to a solid theoretical base.

3) The th ird stage, viz. th e p o st-graduate study m ay last one o r tw o years. This stage w ill produce a professional expert w hich w ill become very highly qualified in a given dom ain or it w ill serve as p re p ara to ry course fo r the degree of a doctor of science.

4) The studies in stages on the sam e scholastic institution w ill resu lt in reduced financial expenses th an in the case if a p artic u la r new school would be created for the first stage since the m ajo rity of laboratories and educational appliances would serve sim ultaneously all study stages. Moreover, a great num ber of students w ill finish th e studies already a fte r th e first stage and th a t w ill result undoubtedly in great financial savings.

5) Since by this ty p e of studies the education of an u p -to-date engineer is entru sted to th e most responsible institution, this w ill w a rra n t also the quality of the teaching personnel, because the fac­ ulty lectu rer m ust have according to law an in au ­ g u ral dissertation acknowledged.

6) The inversed study program m e w ill facili­ tate to our w orking people proved in practice, to im prove fu rth e r th e ir professional knowledge. The form er study program m e w ith difficult theoretical subjects at the beginning of studies has not m ade it as easy to them .

7) The program m e involves also th e social- economical education the lack of w hich has been deeply felt in th e alw ays broader accom plishm ent of selfm anagem ent in our social life.

8) Since th e re w ill be less students in higher stages it w ill be m ore opportunity for individual w ork w hich w ill lead to a b e tte r quality of en­ gineers qualified.

9) The new study program m e is enough flex­ ible and devised in the w idest fram es for eventual extensions or accom odations to m om entuous or prospective study needs.

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A lb ert STRUNA, full pro fesso r of th e F acu lty for M echanical E ngineering, Mech. eng.:

WHAT IS THE MATTER WITH EXTRAORDINARY STUDIES?

A ccording to th e g en eral law upon faculties an d un iv ersities and upon recom m endation of the U niv ersity A d m in istratio n and th e U niversity Council, th e F acu lty fo r M echanical E ngineering on th e U niv ersity of L ju b lja n a has founded a t first tw o so-called C enters fo r E x tra o rd in a ry S tudies in K oper and G oražde w hich w ere follow ed by a sim ilar in stitu tio n fo r L ju b lja n a and surro u n d in g s and th e C en ter in K ra n j.

It is com prehensible th a t th e beginnings of e x tra o rd in a ry fa cu lty studies w ith th e ir num erous e x tra o rd in a ry facilities w hich a re open p artic u la rly fo r th e ac q u irem en t of engineering p ersonnel fo r th e in d u stry , h ave provoked g re a t a tte n tio n and th e re ­ fore it is no t su rp risin g th a t su bsequently also o th er in d u stria l dom ains w ere aw akened.

The e x tra o rd in a ry studies received in the p re scrip tio n s of th e law upon u n iv ersities and faculties th ro u g h o u t new bases w hich stem from p ressing needs of our developm ent and progress w ith th e aim to educate as quickly as possible th e new technical sta ff acquired alre ad y from the p ra ctical w ork.

T he e x tra o rd in a ry studies are b y th e ir quality and e x te n t fu lly identical to o rd in ary studies on th e fa cu lty w hich of course does no t t m ean th a t by th is w ay th ey opened a fu lly g en e ral o r perhaps even eased and shortened w ay to th e en g in eer’s title.

S tudies of th is kind are in ten d ed fo r tech n i­ cians an d ex p e rts in gen eral w hich d u rin g long y ea rs h av e developed into good p ractician s on a ce rtain w o rk in g post, b u t w hich m iss a m ore w idened th eo re tic al an d professional horizon for a b e tte r success in th e ir w ork.

By e x tra o rd in a ry studies, th e stu d en t attain s a fte r fo u r sem esters th e fin al phase of th e first- stage stu d y p ro g ram m e w ith academ ic qualifica­ tion. As th e sole relief hereb y a p rolongation of th e o rd in a ry studies d u ra tio n to tw ice th e o rd in ary period m ay be allow ed. B u t th is studies period, double in tim e, can be even sh ortened if th is is feasible because of ta le n t an d /o r assiduity and of alread y show n p erform ances of th e student.

R egarding p ec u n ia ry resources fo r covering th e expenses of e x tra o rd in a ry studies th e re are possibilities of m ost d iffe re n t arran g em en ts, so e. g. an en te rp rise or an in stitu tio n can tak e in h a n d th e p ay m en t of fees fo r a stu d en t w ithout obligation or conditionnally i. e. according to his stu d y re su lts show n. Finally, th e stu d en t can decide b y him self to undergo e x tra o rd in a ry studies. In th is case th e stu d e n t him self m ust ta k e financial an d tem p o ra l obligations.

P ara lle lly w ith th e first-stag e and extra* o rd in a ry facu lty studies and th e lectu rin g on

technical colleges it w as necessary to approach the problem of a m u tu a l pedagogical and profes­ sional help. The detailed agreem ent upon this m a tte r concerns the exchange of directions for keeping th e sam e professional and scientific level, th e use of lectu re books and o th er teaching aids and the concordance of technical term inology and no t a t last also a direct pedagogical help of lec­ tu re rs w ith o rd in ary and ex tra o rd in a ry lectures.

The first beginnings of ex tra o rd in a ry studies have sta rte d a series of problem s, some already touched a t and even m ore th e re w ill outgrow yet in th e subsequent developm ent. We a re convinced th a t it w ill be possible to ad a p t them anyw ay to the needs, b u t in th e ir solution, in any case the m ain purpose should n o t rem ain in th e background, viz. th e acquisition of know ledge on an university stage.

Boleslav LIKAR, full profesor of F aculty for M echanical Engineering, Mech. eng.:

NEW BUILDING OF FACULTY FOR MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

In th e h isto ry of o u r facu lty th e p ast y ea r was p a rtic u la rly im p o rtan t. In m idsum m er th e faculty becam e independent, and in th e p ast y e a r also the action fo r building a new faculty building became a re a l touch because th e building was em bodied into th e F iv e -y ea r P lan fo r th e erection of un i­ v ersity b u ild in g s.’

T he need fo r a new facu lty building became a rd e n t because of th e ex tra o rd in a ry developm ent of m echanical engineering and th e gro w th of m echanical industries, in th e last tim e also because of new p rescriptions fo r th e m atricu latio n of stu d en ts to th e university.

The actual building of th e In stitu te fo r m echan­ ical engineering has no t enough space. T he to tal surface of all th re e usable floors com prises 2550 m 2 (27500 sq. ft.) of w hich are used:

fo r pedagogical w ork (1 draw in g room, 3 lectu re room s, lib ra ry and reading room,

room s fo r exercises) 510 m 2

fo r cabinets (rooms fo r teachers and

assistants) 404 m :

fo r lab o rato ries (m echanical technology

and boilers and steam engines) 668 m 2

fo r offices 107 m 2

fo r au x iliary room s (hall, stairw ay,

corridors and sanitaries) 861 m 2

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Model of New Building, Faculty for Mechanical Engineering, Ljubljana

The one draw ing room w hich is in th e building is occupied by seven courses of m achine draw ing and by design exercises fo r m achine elem ents, w hich m eans th a t it is used by the first tw o classes only. T he stu d en t is not entitled to w ork therein b u t in th e tim e w hich is allotted fo r exercises by the study program m e and th e re a fte r he m ust leave im m ediately because an o th er is w aitin g fo r his place. The students of b o th u p p e r classes can m ake design exercises only a t home, outside of th e school, w ith o u t tem p o rary help of th e teachers and th e assistants. As w ell as the stu d en ts m ake school exercises outside, so th e p re -g ratu a te s w ork outside and v isit th e school only from tim e to tim e to consult, and take help from , th e teachers.

No b e tte r is th e situation w ith lecture rooms. The g reatest com prises m axim um 80 seats and the­ refore no one, of course, has room for all students even of the num erically least class. M any students cannot p articip ate a t lectures even if th ey would it do ardently.

Also the laboratories give no t such facilities to th e stu d en ts as it w ould be desirable. T he heat lab o ra to ry su re has a p re tty nice collection of

m achines b u t th a t is practically n o t m ore th a n a m useum exhibition, because till now it was im pos­ sible to c a rry out final w orks on th e bailer. W ithout steam , of course, th e steam engines cannot ru n and the students cannot observe th e ir operation. The situation of th e technology lab o rato ry is perhaps a little b etter. T here a re several even highly precise m achines w hich a re of a big help to students in doing th e ir exercises and g ra d u a te w orks. These m achines have also m ade it possible th a t so m any specialists of technology have been educated on this school.

T here are not enough teachers’ cabinets. In some instances th e teacher and the assistant occupy to g eth er one room. The dean h as not his own office, bu t he m ust perform th e dean’s w ork in th e sec­ re ta ry ’s office.

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C om prehension of com petent bodies and im ­ m ense subsidies allotted b y th e society fo r the developm ent of u n iv ersities have co n trib u ted in en su rin g also th e construction of th e new building fo r th e F acu lty fo r m echanical engineering.

T he new building m ust chiefly provide enough room fo r students. T herefo re it w as o u r first con­ cern to a rra n g e le c tu re room s. All lectures, and all stu d en ts can h av e th e ir tu rn if th e new building w ill contain tw o g re a t lectu re room s, one w ith 250 to 300 seats an d an o th e r w ith 150 to 180 seats;. For lectu res of th e second stage w ith an essentially sm aller n u m b e r of stu d e n ts th re e le c tu re room s in th e actu al b uilding w ill suffice.

F u rth e rm o re th e stu d e n ts need draw in g rooms. The new building should be so a rra n g e d th a t each stu d e n t has his ow n desk in th e draw in g room. T h ere he can w o rk all th e tim e w h en th e re w ill be no lectures. P e rm a n e n t help of assistants and other au x ilia ry teaching sta ff w ill en su re him quicker advance an d th o ro u g h know ledge. T herefore we m u st p rovide in d ra w in g room s enough place for 1000 stu d e n ts indeed.

N ot as easy as th e decision upon lectu re and d ra w in g room s w as th e decision in determ in in g the space fo r laboratories. P o te n tia l possibilities w ere analyzed fo r a n y b ra n c h of o u r facu lty separately and correspondingly th e size and eq u ip m en t of lab o ra to ries w ere determ ined.

U ndoubtedly, th e la b o ra to ry fo r m echanical technology an d m achine tools has grow n to a high degree on th is faculty. B ut th is lab o ra to ry m ust be com pleted by o th er technology laboratories. T here­ fo re p rio rity in p lan n in g of organization, a rra n g e ­ m en t and eq u ip m en t of th e n ew faculty building w as given to th e technology in stitu te w hich takes over alm ost th e to ta l existing building.

In th e fram ew o rk of our facu lty th e dom ain of h ea tin g holds th e second place of im portance. This dom ain needs lab o ra to ries too, viz. th e la b o ra ­ to ry fo r therm odynam ics and h e a t engineering and th e lab o ra to ry fo r steam boilers and m achines. Till now, w e did no t h ave th e first, y et th e latter exists, b u t it com prises an incom plete boiler and th e re fo re also th e steam engines cannot run. The first quoted la b o ra to ry w ill be installed in th e new b uilding and th e second w ill be increased. P a rti­ cu larly it m u st be m entioned, th a t th e laboratory fo r steam boilers and engines has to be b u ilt all new . It w ill be enlarged inasm uch as to be w orth of being a rran g e d as a sm all d istrict h eatin g plant w hich w ill a t la st p a rtly cover own needs for electric pow er and w ill produce th e h ea t required fo r w arm in g up all building groups of th e two faculties.

S ep arately w e have provided fo r special la­ b o rato ries in w hich th e stu d en ts w ill le a rn to m eas­ u re all q u an titie s w hich ap p e ar in m echanical engineering an d w hich can be m easured a t all.

B ut th ere are neaded even m ore laboratories. We have foreseen new laboratories fo r m achine elem ents and fo r friction and lubrication. T here will be no com plete lab o ra to ry fo r h ydraulic machines, because such a la b o ra to ry is v ery w ell equiped in the In stitu te fo r tu rb o m achines in th e suburb Š entvid. We have found an ap p ro p riate room for testin g pum ps. T he installation of a g re a t autom o­ bile la b o ra to ry w ill fa cilitate testing of con­ stru ctio n s and of new ly designed p a rts and it will help th e fastly grow ing autom otive industry.

No sep arate lab o ra to ry is provided fo r th e in­ stitu te fo r hoists and steel constructions because its constructions, p a rts of derricks and steel struc­ tu re s w ill be tested in th e lab o ra to ry for m achine elem ents.

T ogether w ith th e new building th e follow ing surface w ill be available fo r lab o rato ries (approxi­ m ately) :

technology and m achine

tools 1,320 m 2 (14,200 sq. ft.)

autom obilism an d in te r­

nal-com bustion m otors 640 m 2 (6,900 sq. ft.)

m achine elem ents and th eo ry of lubrication

and friction 460 m 2 (4,900 sq. ft.)

therm odynam ics and

h e a t engineering 490 m 2 (5,300 sq. ft.)

steam engines, boilers,

pum ps, blow ers 550 m 2 (5,900 sq. ft.)

technical m easurem ents 560 m 2 (6,000 sq, ft.!

A ccording to th e now valid stu d y program m e th e first tw o stages in th e tw o d ep artm en ts will com prise precisely 100 branches of study w ith 292 h ours w eekly. We calculate th a t these lectures can be held by 39 lectu rers w ho w ill have a to ta l of 100 assistants and a t least 30 to 40 dem onstrators. F o r th is personnel, th e training-room s and th e ad ­ m in istra tio n w e h av e foreseen room s w ith a total surface area of 3567 m 2 gross (38,500 sq. ft.).

T he F aculty fo r M echanical E ngineering will dispose w ith room s:

in the existing building 2,550 m 2 (27,500 sq. ft.) in th e new b uilding 15,377 m 2 (165,500 sq. ft.)

Total 17,927 m 2 (193,000 sq. ft.)

A t th e w ork fo r th e new establishm ent of the school we have only one fe ar: w e th e r th e new building w ill n o t become too soon too sm all for o u r needs w ith th e ra p id ly grow ing developm ent of m echanical engineering and of all industrial w orks and th e lack of m echanical engineers th e re ­ by provoked.

Figure

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References

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