Available online: http://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 4363
Relationship of Some Mental Abilities and Qualities of Kinetic With
the Level of the Performance of the Defender Player in Volleyball
Ali Hussein Yoursif Al_Musawi
M.P.E.D (Physical Education), Osmania University Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The point of the examination is to explore the physiological attributes of junior first class volleyball players. The examination additionally assesses speed, adaptability, separation and power among volleyball players.The study shows that the four tests carried to check the performance of the players (vertical Jumps (Centimeters), Single Leg Jumps (Distance meters), Number of Push-ups (10 secs), and Medical Ball (Meters)). The study presents that the player who has good strength in the hand and legs have performed well. In the above results it is clearly state that the players who has good psychological skills are performed with high scores. Therefore the research clearly state that the players with efficient psychological skills are performing compared good skills compared to other players.
Amid the restoration time frame, players who had been harmed raise different psychological responses, for example, concern, loss of personality, depression, nervousness, loss of certainty, decay of execution, and so on and invest an exceptionally anguishing energy due to the psychological instead of physical harms.At the point when the restoration procedure takes quite a while, players regularly lose their feeling of reason on recuperating, which makes it troublesome for them to focus on recovery. Likewise, players encounter stress
and negative feelings, for example, torment, distress, outrage, affectability, discouragement, loss of certainty, absence of control over the circumstance, outrage, disappointment, and weakness.These negative feelings that players experience amid the restoration procedure are identified with their recognition on physical recuperation and psychological conditions. Those feelings are additionally a vital variable that influences players' acknowledgment, conduct, and recovery results, and along these lines is imperative to think about their psychological responses amid the restoration procedure .
The study has recognized game restoration, the recuperation toward of one's athletic execution status, from physical restoration, the recuperation toward the physical level before the damage. They contended that a program that consolidates both physical and game recovery must be offered to players for an effective restoration.Be that as it may, as it is sure about the case over, a genuine restoration process must comprise of game recovery as well as psychological restoration. As of late, a requirement for building up a recovery program with psychotherapy is on the ascent as a strategy for psychological intercession for a player's psychological restoration and furthermore to short the procedure of restoration .
Available online: http://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 4364 personal counseling and evaluation. The
study have also suggested four stages of counseling to enhance performance of injured players through rapport forming, educational stage, skill improvement stage, and practice and evaluation stage.
Skill improvement Training , which is the third stage among four phases, is to help players to increase new procedures (objective setting, unwinding technique, image preparing, profound breathing, and so forth.) while supporting players to enhance certainty over capacities to tackle issues. Also, they expressed that giving players a chance to set here and now objectives to assess levels of technique acquisitions and to design execution methodologies helped the psychological recuperation of the injured players .
The new procedures said here are the psychological techniques utilized as a part of PST, which are methodologies used to help players to accomplish the best engine execution by controlling the players' psychological condition (positive mindfulness, adapting stress, uneasiness decrease, excitement control, certainty improvement, confidence improvement) in the current field of connected brain science for sports. Be that as it may, PST has been connected for the most part to players who perform regularly and seldom to those in the recovery procedure. In this way, I trust it is important to apply the PST strategy to the players in the recovery procedure to confirm its viability .
Likewise, it is more helpful to adopt strategies exclusively as opposed to offering a program as a gathering since players in the restoration procedure have distinctive levels of wounds, damage destinations, rebound plans, levels of tension, unique conditions and individual needs. One of these methodologies is the single
contextual analysis, which has demonstrated successful through many looks into.
The researchers argues that the viability has turned out to be much higher in examining that required different psychological preparing programs as per the psychological qualities or solicitations of the subjects. Along these lines, the reason for this examination is to apply a modified PST program to an expert soccer player, who is right now taking part in a restoration program and to research the impacts of the program on the recovery procedure. Through this outcome, the recovery coach will accomplish a reference that makes an exact judgment on the psychological condition and readiness status for a rebound of the player. It will likewise fill in as a vital database for the player to anticipate the achievement of the recovery by accepting psychological and physical restoration together, and furthermore to feel the enthusiastic preparation of his rebound individually .
Available online: http://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 4365 Those variables could be physical wellness,
strategies and method of development. For specialists and mentors, it is vital to utilize simple tests, which show the level of anaerobic execution or physical wellness and at the same time could be connected on the field. In volleyball there are very few investigations here .
Those authors showed that the accompanying components had most grounded affect on viability of volleyball: body adaptability with continuance speed (physical wellness), ball passes (overhand and lower arm) and assault (unique wellness), suspicion, introduction recognition and complex response (coordination capacities). In another exploration inspected physical wellness (a flexed arm hang test, Push-ups in 10 s, a hand hold quality test, trunk lift, a pharmaceutical ball toss and a continuance and speed test were utilized) and coordination capacities among three groups of volleyball players .
Lamentably, none of this research done are being considered in the connection between game execution, coordination capacities, physical wellness in Volley Ball. Molik et al. (2008) just proposed that the new research should concentrate on physical wellness in setting of coordination capacities and viability of the game. By and by, thinks about which show that physical wellness tests (field tests/non-research center tests) could be utilized to survey anaerobic execution (a lab test) can't be found. It would be useful for mentors to assess sports execution of volleyball competitors utilizing field tests, subsequently, there is a need to discover non-research center tests which would survey short-endeavors of volleyball players .
The testing convention comprised of performing attacks in the game from backline. Every player has 5 endeavors, if the ball goes to other range that does not have marks or outside , the player will get zero imprints. Anaerobic execution factors i.e. mean power yield (MP), crest control yield (PP), relative mean power (rMP), relative pinnacle control (rPP) and the exhaustion file (FI) were examined. A similar gathering of competitors took part in six field tests: 3 and 5 m run tests, a chest breeze through test, a T-test, a speed and deftness test, and a speed and continuance test. Moreover, anthropometric factors of competitors were measured: stature in the position to square and spike, and arm reach.
Each of the three estimations were performed utilizing a measuring tape. Tallness in the position to piece (two hands hoisted to the best) was measured in a position confronting an entryway post, from the beginning the most astounding piece of hands. Tallness in the position to spike (one hand lifted) was measured in a similar set, starting from the earliest stage the most elevated piece of a hand. This set was the most agreeable for players and like the position amid the game, as players can keep their lower appendages on the rival's field (beneath the net) .
Reach of arms was measured frame the third finger of one hand to the longest piece of the second hand and a player was set luck run dry with upper appendages raised along the side. Every one of those three estimations were directed three times with the precision of 0.5 cm and a normal of each of those estimations was a recorded.
Available online: http://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 4366 all matches, in which the Polish national group
played, were recorded amid in Volleyball. Competitors were seen amid the game on the court as far as adequacy of the attack (A_ef ), piece (B_ef), square of serve (BS_ef), serve (S_ef), overhead get (oR_ef), lower arm get (fR_ef), other get (O_Ref), get (R_ef), overhead guard (oD_ef), lower arm safeguard (fD_ef), other protection (OD_ef), barrier (D_ef). A volleyball player was prohibited from the examination because of the tenets of volleyball (no plausibility to attack the ball from the principal line). All perceptions were made by an expert alliance brandish analyst and on the premise in Volleyball .
Every one of the twenty members had typical or amended to normal vision. The example comprised of 10 junior volleyball Experts (10 male (master gathering), mean age = 23.87, SD = 5.26) and 10 volleyball experts (10 male (control gathering), mean age = 25.69, SD = 4.19).
Every one of the twenty specialists were playing in one of the two matches in Hyderabad in their particular game and had encounter just at a recreational level in the game in which they were not a specialist. Junior volleyball specialists had played a normal of 22 competition coordinates in an interim time of 3 years, volleyball specialists had a mean ordeal of 5 years and 43 matches. The two gatherings did not vary fundamentally in any of the revealed attributes. The examination was embraced and taken up by the area ethics counseling group at the Osmania University.
SAMPLE OF THE STUDY:
For the present investigation, test consider will between isolated in two equivalent groups each gathering comprises of 10 players. A coordingly
the information will be gathered amid the long stretch of February to May 2016.
DATA COLLECTION PROCEDURE:
The examination will be gathered pertinent the problem.the agent with the assistance of the chose devices will gathered the information on the chose test by administrating the tests.
STATISTICAL TECHNIQOUES TO BE CONSIDERD:
The present examination will think about the impact of mental perception skills in creating hostile skills among physical training volleyball players .to discover the critical distinction on mental representation skills in creating hostile skills time factor in game the mean ,standard deviation ,mean, median.
Customarily, contenders sharpen to an extraordinary degree well just to battle incapably or underneath their potential. Consistently this is a direct result of contention pressure and the way that they fight significantly less a great part of the time than sharpening. The Competition Visualization allows you to see yourself in an extensive variety of contention circumstances - tuning in to the gathering, seeing your foes, getting settled in new settings, reacting to unmistakable circumstances.Additionally, the more conditions you see yourself specifically conditions, the more lovely and free you will persuade the chance to be. As you imagine, you take away the dark, reducing contention pressure and extending your potential for Peak Performance with extended conviction.
Available online: http://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 4367 loosening up working from the toes to the head,
releasing strain and tension from your muscles and helping you to clear your mind. Once in a condition of releasing up, your brain and creative inventive limit can take in the Practice or Competition Visualization at a more raised entirety. After just a few times through the Relaxation Visualization, you will see how to rapidly and easily release up yourself and decrease weight.
BELIEF OF MIND IS ACHIEVEMENT OF BODY....
Portrayal is recently the exhibit of imagining yourself performing capacities with faultless shape and flawless execution. There are an extensive variety of ways to deal with imagine and there is no wrong way. You can envision in a quiet room or one with music playing. You can stand, sit or rests. You can envision for a minute or a hour.
Whatever you do, check you are in a spot with for all intents and purposes zero preoccupation or put on a couple of headphones to overpower the world. Close your eyes and start to get a mental picture of what it might look want to have your rival serve you extreme.
Imagine yourself seeing the ball early, moving your feet, getting into immaculate position and putting the pass ideal over your setter's head. Give the play a chance to continue with and see the setter set the perfect ball to a hitter. Maybe the hitter is you in case you are in the front segment. Watch yourself get into position to hit, keeping the ball before you, seeing the square and the protect and putting the ball away for the execute. You are in the zone.
Imagine yourself doing every fitness in each turn for your anticipated match. Despite the likelihood that when in doubt you fight with a beyond any doubt bent, envision yourself having beaten it. Never envision a negative
outcome. If you inadvertently observe yourself shanking a pass, make a point to replay the point in your psyche with a positive finish.See yourself succeeding and your gathering doing awesome. Feel the inclination, consider how the gathering will sound, how the ball feels when you strike it. Put however much detail into your portrayals as could be normal. Watch yourself make the plays in direct development. Confirm that you envision not basically just as you were watching yourself on include tape, yet as if you are in the entertainment playing. See the ball coming at you as you will see it on the court
Available online: http://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 4368 Perception can likewise be useful for practice or
days before a diversion. Specialists say that perception ought to be done 2-3 times each week. The week prior to a diversion, you can take yourself through a normal practice and the up and coming match. The extended uneasiness of competitions can influence contenders to react both physically and soundly in a way that can conflictingly impact their execution limits. They may transform into stressed, their heart rates race, they break into a cool sweat, they worry over the aftereffect of the resistance, they feel that its hard to concentrate on the task close by.
This has driven mentors to take an expanding enthusiasm for the field of game brain research and specifically in the zone of aggressive nervousness. That hobby has concentrated on strategies that competitors can use in the focused circumstance to keep up control and enhance their execution. Once took in, these procedures permit the competitor to unwind and to center his/her consideration in a positive way on the assignment of get ready for and taking an interest in rivalry. Brain research is another weapon in the competitor's ordnance in picking up the triumphant edge.
Representation must be done well with a specific end goal to procure the advantages. It works best when the pictures are distinctive. When you can draw in every one of the faculties in your mental picture, it is more successful. On the off chance that you don't have quite a bit of a creative energy or on the off chance that you battle to make a clear mental picture in your brain, take a stab at watching a feature tape of somebody with flawless frame or take a gander at a photo or a feature of yourself executing an aptitude well before you close your eyes and begin to
envision. Verify you place yourself in a peaceful spot without any diversions so you can focus on making your mental pictures.
For amateurs, verify that you gain from your mentor what immaculate structure is and what it would appear that. In the event that you are not certain, ask somebody who knows. Go watch a tip top group practice or watch a diversion on TV. It is basic that you envision yourself executing the expertise with flawless structure. Mental pictures of yourself with negative behavior patterns will fortify that unfortunate propensity and make it significantly harder to break.
The measurements were taken during the morning training session before a match (regular phase of the competition). All estimations were taken in the meantime of day, in a similar place, and after the group's warm-up (running, extending activities and dynamic joint portability, ball works out (attacking without hopping and protection in sets), and a spike practice at the net). The request in which players executed the test was chosen by the mentor of each group. In the wake of taking the test, the player kept honing with her group. The test convention was the one proposed by Palao and Valades .TThe players self-hurled the ball and they spiked without hopping to the stamped region. The execution region and self-hurl stature were constrained to keep any underlying speed of the ball. The players had both feet in contact with the floor to perform the test, and they had their non-hitting arm slightly forward .
Available online: http://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 4369 player had three trials. The most extreme speed
came to in the test by the player was recorded . A specialist was found horizontally to the player to screen the execution of the test. On the off chance that some part of the execution was
wrong, the test was viewed as invalid (e.g. not hitting the ball specifically toward the objective range). Ball weight, appropriate introduction of the radar, and radar alignment were observed .
RESULTS Group Statistics
Groups N Mean Scores Std.
Std. Error Mean
No. of volleys in
group 10 18.42 1.49649 .33462
control junior group 10 11.220 2.16673 .48450
Table 4.1: Group Statistics
Independent Sample Test
t-test for Equality of Means
t df Sig. (2-tailed) Mean Difference
No. of volleys in 30sec
assumed 5.859 38 .000 3.45000
Available online: http://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 4370 The ascertained estimation of Mean on the above
factor appears (number of volleys in 30 seconds) 15.65 and 12.2 separately in among of test junior gathering and control junior gathering. The computed estimation of Standard deviation on the above factor appears (number of volleys in 30 seconds) 1.49649 and 2.16673 separately among Government secondary school and control junior gathering . There is a little variety in the Mean an incentive as control junior gathering have not as much as Government secondary school young men and this can be credited that in this factor Experimental junior gathering are superior to
control junior gathering .
Examination of Mean in volleying capacity among government Junior Volleyball Players and Senior Volleyball Players.
The above figure demonstrates that there is variety in volleying capacity in volleyball in Hyderabad.
Correlation of Std. Deviation charts
The above figure demonstrates that there is perception aptitudes variety in volleying capacity in volleyball in Hyderabad.
The above diagrams demonstrate the relative investigation of Mean and Standard Deviation in the middle of trial junior gathering and control junior gathering to demonstrate the distinction in volleys capacity in volleyball understudies. The test outcomes demonstrates that the exploratory gathering has scored more contrasted with control gathering. The test assemble performed assaults scored 20, and serve scored 25, pass scored 28. Control bunch has performed assaults score 10, and serve scored 14, pass scored 16.
The fundamental consequences of this investigation demonstrated that the representation
SL.NO: TEST SCORES
Experimental Group (N = 10)
Control Group (N = 10)
1. Attack volleyball test 20 10
2. Serve volleyball test 25 14
Available online: http://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 4371 abilities that segregate for triumph are the serve
point and shockingly, blocking mistakes. On the opposite side, gathering mistakes were the main variable that separated for overcome.
Our outcomes obviously point to the significance of the serve point in deciding triumph. This outcome turns out to be considerably more applicable when we focus on the estimation of its impact measure (−1.10), which is very high and takes into consideration speculation of results. Since the groups are equally adjusted, when a match draws near to the end, this aptitude (serving) might be related with triumph. Our outcomes affirm the perceptions of Zetou et al. (2007), who say that the pro (coordinate serve) is an indicator of triumph in superior groups.
As per Marelic et al. (2004), the group that serves better tends to win more sets. A more mindful investigation of the outcomes features the way that the quantity of serves that outcome in coordinate focuses was low, yet higher in the triumphant groups. Serve errorss were likewise less successive in winning groups. Truth be told, a few analysts trust that groups that are off guard in the set go for broke while serving, most likely on the grounds that they don't have anything to lose (João et al., 2010; Marelic et al., 2004). By gambling all the more deliberately, these groups additionally wind up bombing all the more habitually, subsequently expanding the level of mistakes made (Marelic et al., 2004; Yiannis et al., 2004). Then again, if the serve is unsafe, rival gathering will be more troublesome, expanding mistake likelihood. Our outcomes separate gathering errors in overcome so the groups with low adequacy in this aptitude will probably lose the amusement.
It is essential, in this manner, to build the viability of the serve, since it is viewed as a terminal activity, and may bring about an immediate point. In that sense, we can derive that the serve is of essential significance in the execution of volleyball groups. The significance of honing this ability in the preparation procedure is very evident.
Bahr, R., and Reeser, J. C. (2003) investigate depict the event and case of wounds among master male and female shoreline volleyball players.
Briner Jr, W. W., and Kacmar, L. (1997), examination says Volleyball has transformed into an extraordinarily surely understood intrigue diversion around the globe. Fortunately, the recurrence of real mischief is for the most part low. The amusement specific development most regularly associated with harm is blocking. Lower leg sprains are the most understood extraordinary damage. Discontinuous sprains might be less disposed to happen if a lower leg orthosis is worn. Patellar tendinitis addresses the most surely understood mishandle hurt, regardless of the way that shoulder tendinitis helper to the overhead activities of spiking and serving is furthermore conventionally observed.
Available online: http://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 4372 Regardless, principal crutiate ligament damage is
more inclined to occur in female players. An impressive parcel of these injuries might be preventable with close thought in regards to strategy in amusement specific aptitudes and some truly essential preventive intervention. Writing in regards to blocking aptitudes in volleyball indicated its significance for the match result Surprisingly, our outcomes uncovered that blocking mistakes separate for triumph. errorss in blocking may bring about one of the accompanying three circumstances: (1) point for the contradicting group, (2) coherence of the match by the group itself (if the protection is great), or (3) congruity for the restricting group. As indicated by these potential outcomes our outcomes recommend that in abnormal state adjusted volleyball groups blocking mistakes result in more continuous coherence circumstances than in scoring focuses. The association of the resistance's initially line of barrier, through techniques and triple square developments, may expand the likelihood of effective blocking. This reality may likewise be an outcome of the speed of the ball, the inconstancy of the setting, and the direction, making it hard to viably sort out pieces (Afonso et al., 2005; Zetou et al., 2007). The assorted variety of results that may emerge when this aptitude is utilized may clarify why investigations of blocking errorss have yielded blended outcomes. An exhaustive investigation of our outcomes demonstrates that the triumphant groups made more pieces (square focuses and square errors).
Palao (2008) reasoned that fruitful blocking offers more opportunities to win. What's more, the square is the main terminal activity that the
resistance may take to the adversary's assault, and may bring about an immediate point.
Concerning errorss, our outcomes recommend that this factor, as would be normal, might be related with vanquish. A few examinations have checked a positive relationship between viability in gathering and the last consequence of the match (João et al., 2006; Laios and Kountouris, 2005; Maia and Mesquita, 2006). Despite the fact that gathering isn't a terminal activity, an impeccable gathering enables the setter to sort out the group unpalatably with every one of the conceivable outcomes of assault, expanding the likelihood of winning the match (João et al., 2010). In first class groups, similar to the ones broke down in the present investigation, the getting players are exceptionally experienced, so just errorss in gathering separated for result.
The consequences of this work enable us to contemplate representation contrasts in visual-spatial skills amid volleyball and tennis action. Utilizing the T-test institutionalized by Cesaroni we could check two parts of spatial capacity: spatial introduction and memory. The test is in this manner made out of two sections. Amid the initial segment, the execution, the subject needs to take after vocal order, finish the course and backpedal to the beginning stage. The second piece of the test, the proliferation, required the subject to duplicate on paper the course taken. Through this test we can assess spatial limit.
Available online: http://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 4373 information has not been contemplated as of
recently. Similar outcomes were found in the two games. In brandish this information is connected to the view of room. Above all else in two components: data put away by various specialists and particular systems of spatial capacity. Specifically, a competitor needs to retain all the essential data and remember it notwithstanding when it isn't in his field of vision. This likewise acquires change engine skills, for example, foresight, response, adjust, engine transformation, sensation separation, and so on thus enhances wearing capacity. In volleyball and tennis we discovered comparable angles: the ball, the net, adversaries, partners, lines and the court. In both game the competitor should continually know about the position of the ball (principle target), yet in addition watch out for the rivals' position, partners and the lines of the court (auxiliary target). To the extent essential methods are concerned we should recollect that an amusement can be "invasional" or "cross-reference". In the two games investigating the trouble of the diversion is comparative. The field is partitioned into two sections isolated by a net. Amid the amusement a spatial farthest point is important to keep every one of the players on their side of the field so spatial observation is connected to the ball developments on the adversaries' side, while endeavoring to score a point and preventing the rivals from scoring a point individually side. In the control amass we confirmed the nearness of perception contrasts for the two sections of the test. This outcome is like writing where we can see preferred outcomes among man rather over women for various visual-spatial undertakings: spatial recognition, spatial perception, mental turn, spatial-temporal ability, generation and maintenance mental imagines and animation.
This legitimizes preferred introduction in men over women since they learn courses all the more rapidly and are better at evaluating separations on account of high visual ability. This ability originates from a perception technique. Women utilize a system in view of course creative ability utilizing reference focuses.
We found no measurably huge perception contrasts in either don gathering. These outcomes are connected to games' history and male pervasiveness in instructing and rehearsing, while in the most recent years women have started to take in a similar male strategic plans.
In volleyball and tennis boys and girls have comparable requests in execution and preparing background. As indicated by the information found in our investigation we speculate that spatial ability is impacted by brandish movement and the last could diminish representation contrasts.
Another theory could be hormonal balance which is incited by the game practice.
Available online: http://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 4374 games, for example, ball, which are higher
effects, junior Volleyball males demonstrate leverage over senior volleyball males. It was checked that androgens could enhance spatial ability in women, however could restrain it in men. These outcomes are connected to a physical level of effect and therefore to hormonal instability could legitimize distinctive capacities found in the brandishing populace contrasted with the overall public. For our situation in light of competitor's agonistic levels the effect of the game was medium. Despite the fact that we didn't quantify hormonal levels, we can estimate that there was a medium hormonal incitement in the two perceptions which legitimize the comparative outcomes between the males and females.
Our finding of competitors' predominance in spatial memory working is as per writing. The preparation enhances this limit, which is a fundamental component for high benefit for the game exercises. Attractive reverberation pictures demonstrate that competitors have an essentially expanded cortical thickness in particular territories of cerebrum including visual framework limits. Then again, we didn't discover any contrasts in the vicinity of tennis and volleyball competitors, neither amongst male and female competitors. These outcomes are in harshness with a current meta-investigation, in which the scientists inspected how intellectual limit could be impacted by the game sort and by sex. The creators found that competitors from interceptive game sorts (as tennis) and males performed better. Be that as it may, past specialists have noticed a few shortcomings in these examinations, for example, little specimen sizes and methodological heterogeneity. Also, the creators called attention to that there are a bigger
number of studies including male than female competitors and more business related to interceptive than vital games (as volleyball) or static games (as running).
On the premise of our preparatory outcomes we guess that in the competitors the experience-subordinate learning and cerebrum versatility could level the distinctions of psychological skills connected to the game sort and perception. Additionally contemplates with vast specimen sizes could check this presumption.
The frail purposes of the examination are the nonappearance of planned outline that could have enabled us to catch up conceivable varieties of engine skills amid the agonistic season. The perception of volleyball and tennis competitors should be extended to competitors in other diverse games, specifically amid shut expertise wear action, for example, swimming, running, obtrusive games, for example, football and ball. In following works it could be helpful to dissect perception impact on the other coordinative engine skills.
In spite of these restrictions, our examination has the value of being the first to analyze the sex-based contrasts for visuo-spatial ability in volleyball and tennis.
Available online: http://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 4375 among junior players. The study found that
athletes from interceptive sport types and junior males performed better. However, previous researchers have noted some weaknesses in these studies such as small sample sizes and methodological heterogeneity. Moreover, the authors pointed out that there are more studies involving male than female athletes and more work related to interceptive than strategic sports (as volleyball) or static sports.
On the basis of our preliminary results we hypothesize that in the volleyball players the experience-dependent learning and brain could level the differences of visualization skills correlated to the volleyball players. Further studies with large sample sizes could verify this assumption.
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