In this module, you will learn to do the following: use a variety of sentences simple sentence compound sentence write a short paragraph using simple and compound sentences

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Modified In-School Off-School Approach Modules (MISOSA)

Distance Education for Elementary Schools

SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

USING A VARIETY OF

SENTENCES

Department of Education

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Revised 2010

by the Learning Resource Management and Development System (LRMDS), DepEd - Division of Negros Occidental

under the Strengthening the Implementation of Basic Education in Selected Provinces in the Visayas (STRIVE).

This edition has been revised with permission for online distribution

Section 9 of Presidential Decree No. 49 provides:

“No copyright shall subsist in any work of the

Government of the Republic of the Philippines. However, prior approval of the government agency or office wherein the work is created shall be necessary for exploitation of such work for profit.”

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GRADE V

USING A VARIETY OF SENTENCES

Good day!

I hope you are ready for the next module.

Here’s another work for you to do.

In this module, you will learn to do the following:

use a variety of sentences

- simple sentence

- compound sentence

write a short paragraph using simple and compound

sentences

Read and do the exercises.

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Before we proceed to our new lesson, let us recall how simple and compound subjects differ and how we distinguish a simple from a compound predicate.

SUBJECT

1. Simple subject tells what or who is talked about. It may be a noun or a pronoun. A sentence has a simple subject when it talks of only one noun or pronoun.

Pick out the simple subject in each sentence. Write your answers in your notebook.

a. Marinelle makes dresses for dolls. b. People ran to escape the fire.

c. Friends give support in times of need.

2. Compound subject is made up of two or more simple subjects. These may be connected by the conjunction and or or.

• Compound subjects connected by and usually require a

plural verb (base form).

Check the sentence with a compound subject then underline the compound subject (if any). Do this in your notebook.

a. Marinelle and Tin-tin make dresses for dolls. b. The joy of motherhood is beyond compare.

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If the compound subjects are connected by or, the verb agrees with the nearer subject in number.

Example:

The boys or the cleans the room.

The janitor or the clean the room.

PREDICATE

1. Simple predicate tells what the subject is or does. It is always a verb.

Underline the simple predicate in each sentence. Do this in your notebook.

a. Marinelle makes dresses for dolls. b. People ran to escape the fire.

c. Friends give support in times of need.

2. Compound predicate is composed of two or more simple predicates or verbs. They are usually connected by and.

Pick out the compound predicate in each sentence. Write your Answer in your notebook.

a. Tina bought and gave the gift to her mother. b. Aldwin twisted and turned on his bed.

c. Jaz and Bong kissed and made up.

Now you’re ready for our new lesson. Move on. janitor

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Read the selection below. Answer the questions that follow.

Kevin and Patrick are neighbors and over the years they have become good friends. They are fond of going to the beach to rest.

A friendly neighbor has a boat and they are allowed to use it anytime they like. They go on boat riding or spend their afternoon swimming. Kevin loves fishing but Patrick finds it boring. He just swims or gathers shells.

On Saturdays and Sundays they often have picnics at the beach with their friends. The two boys make charcoal fire and the girls set a picnic mat on the sand. Most of their friends prefer fish but sometimes they have roast chicken.

Kevin usually plays his guitar and everyone sings or dances. After the picnic, they clean up the beach and carry all the dishes and food back home. They go home before dark or they wait for the beautiful sunset.

1. What do Kevin and Patrick enjoy doing at the beach?

2. What do Kevin and Patrick usually do on Saturdays and

Sundays?

3. What do most of their friends prefer to eat? 4. What does Kevin usually do?

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I have here two columns of sentences. Notice the difference between simple and compound sentences.

Simple Sentences Compound Sentences

1. Kevin and Patrick are good neighbors.

They have become the best of friends.

Kevin and Patrick are good

neighbors, and they have become the best of friends.

2. Kevin loves fishing. Patrick finds it boring.

Kevin loves fishing, but Patrick finds it boring.

3. They go home before dark. They wait for the beautiful sunset.

They go home before dark, or they wait for the beautiful sunset.

4. Kevin usually plays his guitar. Everyone sings or dances.

Kevin usually plays his guitar and everyone sings or dances.

5. The boys make charcoal fire on the sand.

The girls set a picnic mat on the sand.

The boys make charcoal fire and the girls set a picnic mat on the sand.

Know more about the simple and compound sentences by reading and analyzing the explanation below.

SIMPLE SENTENCE

A simple sentence, as you already know, expresses a single idea. It contains a subject and a predicate either of which or both may be compound.

Study the forms of simple sentences through the given examples.

1. simple subject + simple predicate

The boys worked together .

one subject one-verb predicate

2. compound subject + simple predicate

The boys and girls worked together.

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3. simple subject + compound predicate

The boys worked and played together.

one subject two-verb predicate

4. compound subject + compound predicate

The boys and girls worked and played together

two subjects two-verb predicate

Now you know, the different forms of simple sentences according to their subject and predicate. Let’s talk about compound sentences.

COMPOUND SENTENCE

You are aware that a compound sentence is made up of two or more simple sentences usually joined by the conjunction and, or, and but.

When do we use these conjunctions?

1. And – is used to express an addition of an idea.

SIMPLE SENTENCES COMPOUND SENTENCES

The boys worked. The boys worked, and the

The girls played together. girls played together.

2. Or – is used to combine simple sentences expressed as choices or options.

SIMPLE SENTENCES COMPOUND SENTENCES

The boys can go swimming. The boys can go swimming

They can fly mountain or they can try mountain

climbing. climbing.

3. But – is used to combine simple sentences with contrasting ideas.

SIMPLE SENTENCES COMPOUND SENTENCES

I planted the seeds. I planted the seeds but

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Work on the next activities to check if you have learned the lesson well.

Read each sentence. Before each number write whether the sentence is a simple or a compound sentence.

______ 1. Most of their friends prefer fish.

______ 2. Patrick usually plays his guitar and everyone sings or dances. ______ 3. They sail the boat or spend their afternoon swimming.

______ 4. They go home before dark.

______ 5. Most of their friends prefer fish but sometimes they have roast chicken.

Verify your answers.

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Form a compound sentence from the simple sentences given on the left. Use or, and, or but to combine each pair of sentences.

Simple Compound

1. School can be fun. It is exciting.

2. The Science experiments need much time and patience.

They are interesting to perform.

3. In Physical Education, we learn many kinds of dances. We are also taught different ball games.

4. Our Music Teachers teach Filipino songs.

Sometimes, we learn foreign songs.

5. Mathematics seems challenging .

With more attention, we can master problem solving.

REMEMBER THAT:

A simple sentence expresses a single idea or thought.

A compound sentence is made up of two or more

sentences usually joined by the conjunction and, or and but.

And expresses addition Or means choice

But shows contrast

A comma is usually used before the conjunction in long

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A. Read the story below. In your notebook write 5 simple sentences and 5 compound sentences from the story.

The grade five students were excited. They would be making their paper-mache project that day. Miss Austria told them to prepare the materials. They would need several newspapers and they were asked to prepare a mixture of glue and water. The work would be messy but they would have a lot of fun making their projects. They could use an apron or they could wear an old shirt to protect their uniforms.

The tables were covered with newspapers. The students were asked to bring objects they wanted to make. The newspapers were

cut into two-inch square and these pieces were soaked in the glue

mixture. The students cut the pieces with scissors or they tore them into the required size. The objects were covered with three layers of

newspapers. Gluing the layers was hard to work but they enjoyed doing it. The students were allowed to bring home their projects or they could leave them in school to dry. Next week, the students will paint the objects.

Simple Sentences Compound Sentences

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

1.

2.

3.

4.

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B. Identify whether the sentence is a simple sentence or a compound sentence. Write your answer in your notebook.

______ 1. Josefa Llanes Escoda was a great social worker. ______ 2. She planned projects for the welfare of women and

children, and she successfully carried them out. ______ 3. She joined the American Red Cross and her work

there provided her better training.

______ 4. These prisoners got sick or they starved to death. ______ 5. Josefa secretly brought them food and medicine. ______ 6. Her husband was arrested by the Japanese police and

he was also jailed.

______ 7. Her friends advised her to hide but she refused. ______ 8. She could leave the country or she could go in hiding. ______ 9. She wanted to help the Filipino prisoners of war.

______ 10. She decided to stay and continued her social work.

C. Use simple and compound sentences in writing a short paragraph entitled “ Our Family Outing”. Have your teacher check your work when you go back to school.

A. Read the paragraph carefully. Pick out 5 simple sentences and 3

compound sentences from the paragraph and write them in your notebook.

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C. Add a simple sentence to make a compound sentence. The given conjunction will help you.

1. I wish I could grow more orchids and ___________________.

2. Today, I have a row filled with red flowers but ____________.

3. Last summer I received a pack of prunes from my Aunt Sally in California and _______________.

4. I dream of having a garden filled with different kinds of trees.

5. During summer, I visit my province or ___________________.

WRITING

Imagine that you live near a forest. Write a paragraph about this. Use simple sentences. Also use compound sentences with the conjunction and, but, or. Check your paragraph with your teacher when you go back to see her/him.

Figure

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References

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