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ECC PSY 100 Chapter 8 Motivation and Emotion 2018.pptx

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(1)

Chapter 8

(2)

Motivation

The biological, emotional, cognitive,

(3)

Activating Behavior

Internal Factors

Instinct theories

Instincts: Unlearned, characteristic patterns of

(4)

Activating Behavior

Drive Theories

• Behavior is motivated by the desire to

reduce internal tension caused by unmet biological needs.

Drive: A psychological state that arises in

response to an internal physiological need

(5)

Activating Behavior

External Factors

• Incentive Motivation: External factors in the

environment that exert pulling effects on our actions.

(6)

Activating Behavior

Arousal Theories

• Sensation Seeking  Personality trait

The need for an individual to have varied,

(7)

Activating Behavior

Achievement Motivation

• Internal need for achievement

• Possessed by all individuals to varying

degrees

• Depends on your expectations of success

and on how much you value the task

(8)
(9)

Defining Emotion

Emotions are experiences that involve:

1. Some kind of subjective experience

2. An expressive reaction

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Expressing and Experiencing

Emotion

Are there basic emotions?

• Emotions expressed in the same way

universally.

• Difficult to agree on a complete list  Fear, surprise, anger, disgust, happiness,

sadness

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Expressing and Experiencing

Emotion

In more complex situations, people

experience mixed emotions.

• Different emotions experienced

(12)

Anger

Caused by violated expectations

Everyone experiences it in varying

degrees – is it healthy to express it?

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Theories of Emotion

Common Sense

• The subjective experience drives the

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Theories of Emotion

James-Lange Theory

• Body reactions precede and drive the

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Theories of Emotion

Cannon-Bard Theory

• Body reactions and subjective experiences

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Theories of Emotion

Two-Factor Theory

• The cognitive interpretation, or appraisal, of

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Theories of Emotion

Cognitive Appraisal Theory

• The personal meaning of a cognitive

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References

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