Regions of Portugal - Alentejo

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Regions of Portugal - Alentejo

Area

Why Alentejo?

√ Alentejo has the largest land area in mainland Portugal – 31,605.2 km2 (1/3 of the national territory),

with an international land border of 432 km and a coastline of 179 km

Area (km2): 31,604.9

Inhab/Km2: 23.7 Population (N.): 749,055 (2010)

√ Alentejo’s landscape is characterized by soft granite hills in the north-east and open rolling plains

with an average altitude of around 200 metres, in the south

√ It is crossed by three major watersheds - Tagus, Guadiana and Sado rivers and in the north-east

the city of Évora is located

√ Évora city is the main urban centre in terms of population and economic/social activity in the

Alentejo. In 1986, Évora was classified by UNESCO as a World Heritage site

√ There are significant developments in infrastructures: logistics and transport equipment

1

Maritime Port (Sines)

km

a)

ntejo)

stics Hub

836 km of railway network Electrified rail network: 342 Double rail network: 87 km

1 Airport (Bej

2 Aerodromes (Évora, Ferreira do Ale

ZILS – Sines Logi

√ Beja Airport is a connection platform, logistic hub and a potencial instigator of new economic

activities

√ Sines Port and its industrial support and logistic zone are already recognized worldwide as a logistic

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Alentejo (NUT II) covers 6 Districts: Portalegre, Évora, Beja, and part of Lisbon, Setúbal and

ntejo Litoral √

Santarém districts. For statistical purposes this Region is divided into 5 NUT III, with diferent characteristics:  Ale  Alto Alentejo ra  Alentejo Cent l  Baixo Alentejo  Lezíria do Tejo

√ The preservation of the landscape and coastline, combined with a rich architectural heritage,

Alentejo has a strong potencial for tourism development. Alentejo Litoral and Alqueva are attracting major investments in tourism infrastructures

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People

Why Alentejo?

Population

√ Alentejo is the Portuguese region with the lowest population density (23.7 inhab./km2) although very

concentrated

√ Resident population on 31.12.2010: 749,000 inhabitants (7% of total population and a 0.3%

increase in 10 years). Projections (Eurostat) for 2025: 775,000 inhabitants

√ The demographic structure of the region is characterized by its high rate of elderly people (+65

years old), although following the national trend. In Alentejo this proportion is above the national average (23% versus 18.2% in 2010)

Resident Population according to Age Groups

13,4 13,3 13,3 13,3 13,3 11,1 10,7 10,4 10,1 9,9 52,7 53,0 53,3 53,5 53,7 22,9 23,0 23,0 23,1 23,1 0,0 10,0 20,0 30,0 40,0 50,0 60,0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source: INE

0 - 14 years 15 - 24 years 25 - 64 years 65 years and over

Education

√ In the school year 2010/2011, students enrolled in primary and secondary education accounted for

6.3% and 6.5% of the national total, respectively

√ Between the school year 2006/2007 and 2010/2011 the number of students that enrolled in higher

education increased by 5.4%

√ Alentejo has the 2nd highest attainment rate in secondary education in Portugal (154.4%), above the

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Students enrolled according to educational level / Number of students graduated 72 .7 65 78 .53 4 84 .706 71.4 9 1 68.871 23.0 8 6 22.6 9 7 35 .484 20.5 2 7 17.4 6 7 17 .9 81 17.2 1 4 17.7 1 4 18 .4 10 21.2 2 8 4.595 4.227 3.496 3.185 0 25.000 50.000 75.000 100.000 125.000 150.000 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

Sources: GEPE, MEC

1.000 2.000 3.000 4.000 5.000

Primary Education Secondary Education Higher Education Graduated students

√ In the 20 higher education institutions, located in Alentejo, the number of students that enrolled

exceeded 18,000 and the graduates were more than 2,899 (3.7% of national total). The areas of Business Studies (Management / Economics / Accounting), Health and Engineering and Mathematics were chosen, respectively, by 15.5%, 11% and 6.9% of the enrolled students. Graduates in these same areas represented, respectively, 14.1%, 15.7% and 3.5% of total

√ In Alentejo, about 22% of students enrolled in higher education have chosen S&T areas

Labour activity /Employment

√ Active population in 2011: 374,000 individuals (6.7% of total)

√ Employed population (2011): 328,000 individuals (6.8% of total)

√ With an employment rate near the national average (50.6% versus 53.5%), Alentejo has an activity

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Active Population / Employment 343 333 329 327 328 374 366 368 369 374 6,6 6,4 6,5 6,6 6,8 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Source: INE - Employment Statistics

2,0 3,0 4,0 5,0 6,0 7,0 8,0

Active Population Employed Population Employment (% of total)

Knowledge

√ About half of the population between 16 and 74 years old use computers and 40% have Internet

access

Information Society - Computer and Internet Access, 2010

47,1 49,0 43,7 44,2 59,5 55,4 53,7 51,1 0,0 10,0 20,0 30,0 40,0 50,0 60,0 70,0 Households Individuals 16-74 years Households Individuals 16-74 years Computer Internet

Source: INE/Survey on Information and Communication Technologies usage in private households, 2010

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Economy

√ Alentejo Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2010: 11,027 million € (6.4% of national GDP and 1%

increase compared to the previous year)

√ GDP per capita: 14.7 thousand € in 2010 (91 - index Portugal=100 and 73 index EU27=100)

GDP per inhabitant in PPP (UE27=100)

65 70 75 80 85 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010P Portugal Alentejo

Source: INE P= Provisional data

√ Annual average growth rate of GDP (2001-2010): 2.2% (national average in the same period: 2.8%)

GVA Breakdown - 2010 Services 66,2% Industry (energy and construction) 24,5% Agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing 9,3% Source: INE Employment Breakdown - 2010 Services 65,5% Industry (energy and construction) 23,5% Agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing 10,9% Source: INE

√ Turnover generated in 2009: 12,994 million € (3,452 million € in the Manufacturing industry) which

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√ Agriculture has a significant role in the productive structure of the Alentejo. This region produces high quality goods that are recognized both at national and international level

√ The mining industry, in terms of volume and value, as well as the cork industry, contributes

significantly to regional GDP (Alentejo has one of the richest polymetallic sulphide reserves in the World)

√ Alentejo has important renewable energy resources including solar (one of the largest photovoltaic

power plants in the world is located in Moura, Alentejo), biomass and biofuels

√ Sines Port and its Logistic Zone (ZALSINES) have a strategic importance for the regional and

national economic development

√ The water reserve provided by the Alqueva dam and the various aspects associated with it (water

supply, agriculture, industry and tourism) contributes to the diversification of the regional economic activity

√ Strategic economic areas: aerospace cluster with EMBRAER Project in Évora

√ Balance of trade surplus, registering a 21% export growth in 2011 (4% of total Portuguese exports)

Trade Balance 2.304 2. 191 1.699 2.165 2. 622 2.031 2.035 1. 682 2.001 2.169 273 156 17 164 453 0 500 1.000 1.500 2.000 2.500 3.000 2007 2008 2009 2010P 2011P P= Preliminary data (2010-2011) M illio n €

Exports Imports Balance

+21%

Source: INE (declared values)

4% to tal exp.

√ Five major clients: Spain, Germany, France, Netherlands and Finland

√ More than 70% of total exports are industrial and food products (significant weight of Sines Port

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Internacional Trade - Main Products, 2010P 1 43. 164 7 2. 840 305 .36 6 132. 983 23 4.5 3 3 25 3.9 0 8 275. 74 0 3 25. 470 5 26. 650 10 3.1 5 6 10 0.6 9 7 246. 276 108. 40 2 126. 367 0 100.000 200.000 300.000 400.000 500.000 600.000 Minerals and mineral products Plastics and rubber Chemicals Machinery and tools

Food Products Agricultural products Base metals P= Preliminary data T h ous a nd € Exports Imports

Source: INE (declared values)

√ Proportion of exports of high technology goods in 2011: 2.8%, with emphasis on the sub-region of

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Companies

√ More than 65,000 companies are located in Alentejo. These companies generate a turnover near 13 billion € and have more than 170,000 employees

Business Enterprises - Number of companies and R&D Personnel, 2009 1.060.906 3.717.920 74.234 718.507 4.497 32.927 107.536 472.730 6.312 21.480 514.326 1.596.929 33.929 75.347 65.412 170.962 Business Enterprises (N.) R&D Personnel (n.) Business Enterprises (N.) R&D Personnel (n.) P or tugal A lent e jo Services Construction Manufacturing Total Source: INE

√ The manufacturing industry is represented by more than 4,000 companies, which generate a

turnover around 3.5 billion € and have approximately 33,000 employees. The most representative industries are the following: Food industry (41% of total Manufacturing Industry turnover), Chemicals (16%), Metal products (6%), Beverages (5.9%) and Non-Metallic Minerals (5.6%)

Business Enterprises - Turnover and GVA, 2009

335.887 82.736 70.630 16.715 3.452 332 177 185.085 38.964 6.960 840 1.967 12.944 902 9.501 34.581 Turnover (M€) GVA (M€) Turnover (M€) GVA (M€) P o rt ug al A le nt e jo Services Construction Manufacturing Total Source: INE

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√ Number of exporting companies in 2010: 827 (4.7% of total)

√ Alentejo has 145 Research Institutions (R&D Centres) with international recognition

Business Companies - R&D Personnel (Thousand)

6.133 9.459 12.784 14.510 13.922 262 651 320 279 237 Portugal Alentejo Portugal Alentejo Portugal Alentejo Portugal Alentejo Portugal Alentejo 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Source: INE

Business Enterprises - R&D Expenditure (Thousand€)

462.015 736.402 1.010.790 1.295.099 1.311.070 27.362 19.434 35.289 27.439 64.992 Portugal Alentejo Portugal Alentejo Portugal Alentejo Portugal Alentejo Portugal Alentejo 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Source: INE

√ R&D personnel hired by companies, between 2005 and 2009, increased 10.5% and spending in

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