Country Report On Human Resource Development In Food-related Area Through Partnership With ASEAN Universities. Dr. Aye Aye Thwe Ohnmar Myint MYANMAR







Full text


Dr. Aye Aye Thwe

Ohnmar Myint


Country Report On Human Resource

Development In Food-related Area Through

Partnership With ASEAN Universities


Area - 676,577 km2

Latitude - 9o 32´ N and 28o 31´N

Longitude - 92o 10´ E and 101o 11´E

North-south - 2361 km

East-West - 1078 km

Southern Myanmar - 800 km


Rakhine Coastline - 2832 km

Country border - 4000 km (Total) Climate

Tropical , Sub- tropical, Temperate

Agricultural country

GDP- >40 % Export earnings- 17.5%

Labor force- 63.0% Crop - over 60 species



• The monsoon or

rainy season

• The cool season • The hot season

Annual Rainfall

 100-200 inches - Costal regions  40-80 inches - Hilly region

 Below 40 inches - Dry zone


 60.38 million(2012)

 1.01%, annual growth rate  85/ km2 population density


GDP Share of Myanmar


2010-11 Billion Kyats Agriculture 11159.5 Livestock and Fishery 3411.1 Forestry 158.4 Energy 65.8 Mines 301.2 Industry 7905.2 Electric Power 418.5 Construction 1839.3 Services 7211 Trade 8037.8 GDP 40507.8 Agriculture 28% Livestock and Fishery 8% Forestry 0% Energy 0% Mines 1% Industry 19% Electric Power 1% Construction 5% Services 18% Trade 20%

Gross Domestic Products of Myanmar (2010-11)


High yielding and Quality Seed Production

Training and Education

Research and Development


Development of new agricultural land

Provision of sufficient irrigation water

all Provision and support for agricultural mechanization

Application of modern agro-technologies

Development and utilization of modern varieties



• Prior to fulfill the needs of local consumptions

• Export of more surplus of agricultural products for

the increase of foreign exchange earning

• Assistance to rural development through agricultural





MOAI Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation

DAP Department of Agriculture Planning

DoA Department of Agriculture ID Irrigation Department

AMD Agricultural Mechanization Department

SLRD Settlement and Land Records Department

WRUD Water Resources Utilization Department

MADB Myanma Agricultural Development Bank

DAR Department of Agricultural Research

SD Survey Department

YAU Yezin Agricultural University DICD Department of Industrial Crops



Area and Production by different crop groups in Myanmar

Sr. No.

Crops Sown Area

(000ha) Production (000 mt) Sown Area (%) 1. Cereal Crops 9082.26 41.06 a. a. Paddy 8089.65 31450 36.58 b. Wheat 98.19 158 0.44 c. Maize 345.52 1146 1.56 d. Other cereals 548.90 808 2.48

2. Oil Seed Crops 3595.71 16.26

a. Groundnut 814.98 1222 3.68 b. Sesame 1507.51 781 6.82 c. Sunflower 834.92 703 3.78 d. Oil Palm 93.48 210 0.42 e. Niger 147.09 88 0.67 f. Other oil seed crops 197.73 68 0.89

3. Pulses 4231.86 19.13

a. Black gram 980.29 1381 4.43 b. Green gram 1066.44 1197 4.82 c. Chick pea 279.64 354 1.26


Area and Production by different crop groups in Myanmar

Sr. No.

Crops Sown Area

(000ha) Production (000 mt) Sown Area (%) d. Cow pea 157.15 179 0.71 e. Pigeon pea 588.91 731 2.66 f. Butter bean 65.57 74 0.30 g. Sultain/sultapya 101.28 119 0.46 h. Other pulses 992.58 940 4.49 4. Industrial crops 1052.60 4.76 a. Cotton 367.94 308 1.66 b. Sugarcane 296.04 9977 1.34 c. Jute 5.56 3 0.03 d. Rubber 380.31 89 1.72 e. Virginia tobacco 2.75 3 0.01 5. Culinary crops 336.05 1.52 a. Potato 36.68 530 0.17 b. Onion 70.93 1029 0.32 c. Garlic 28.67 201 0.13 d. Chilli 129.03 116 0.58 e. Spices 70.74 0.32


Area and Production by different crop groups in Myanmar

Sr. No.

Crops Sown Area (000ha) Production (000 mt) Sown Area (%) 6. Plantation crops 202.32 0.91 a. Tea 87.37 89 0.39 b. Coffee 23.33 6 0.11 c. Coconut 52.95 1263 0.24 d. Toddy 38.67 376 0.17 7. Vegetables 481.28 2.18 8. Fruits 538.57 2.18 9. Miscellaneous 2596.37 11.74

a.Non edible crops (flowers,thatch,etc.)


Yezin Agricultural University

• Vision

• To be a prime mover of agricultural and rural

development in Myanmar through human

resource development and national supplier of








• To provide education and develop human

resources for increased production through

green growth.

• To provide career and business opportunities

for the graduates who are well qualified.

• To contribute the nation through research and





Selection and Admission to YAU

• passed Basic Education High School with good scores

• physical and mental fitness

• entrance exam composed of two parts:

• 1) Written Examination: Biology subject for 3 hours

and English subject for 2 hours and

• 2) Personal Interview

• first semester

- November – March

• second semester - May - September.


N o.

Curriculum Period Study


1. Bachelor Degree (B.Agr.Sc.) 4 Years 11

2. Master Degree (M.Agr.Sc.) 3 Years 7

3. Master of Philosophy Degree (M.Phil.) 2 Years 7

4. Doctorate Degree (Ph.D.) 5 Years 7

5. Post Grad Diploma (Dip. Agr.Sc.) 3 Years 7


Students and Academic Staff in 2011-2012 Academic Year


International Collaboration

• Library automation software system cooperated


• Establishment of Advanced Center for






collaboration with IARI, India

• Strengthening human development institution in

Agriculture sponsored by JICA


Strengths and Opportunities

 Presence of a visionary, dynamic, energetic leadership who is getting broad support from the faculty and staff.

 High interest on the part of the Ministry of Agriculture, its sponsor and link in the cabinet, in collaborating with YAU particularly in manpower training and development, seed production, technology testing, extension and advisory service.

 Existence of critical number of highly trained faculty members from foreign universities (35 PhD and 65 Master Degree holders).

 Although needing much upgrading and improvement, existence of classrooms, laboratories, research farms and stations, scientific equipment, housing for faculty, students and guests, FREE WiFi on the campus.

 Existence of land and stations for university’s field research, practicum for students, and physical expansion.


Areas Needing Improvement

 1. General review of the BS, MS and PhD curricula,

Develop an agro ecosystem-based curriculum and research


 2. Improvement and completion of the University strategic

plan including the departmental strategic plans.

 3. Continuing and expanded staff development program

for new program offerings.

 4. Need to review and rethink the 7 sub-campuses as

facility for instruction, research, practicum and extension.

 5. Need to create department of Agricultural Extension

Education, conduct collaborative research with DAR and

DOA and provide the University direct extension service

to rural farmers like e-Agriculture Information Center



 6. New campus layout, paved on-campus road system, student extra-curricular activities and pro-student welfare facilities, IT-ready and connection facilities, staff housing, to mention some, need modernization.

 7. Academic administration including university governance and organization for higher effectiveness and efficiency need


 8. Adjustment in pedagogy in the teaching of courses,

considering large class size, limited number of faculty, limited space and equipment for use in instruction need to be done.  9. Process, structure and content of university research agenda

and programming need to be clarified and defined.

 10. The collection, system and facilities of the university library need to be upgraded and updated.


Needs of Technical Assistance

• Review of YAU different curricula and identify new

curricular areas/programs (Agricultural Extension Education, Agribusiness, Food Science/Nutrition Science,

Biotechnology, Information and Communication

Technology-ICT, etc.).

• Develop an agro ecosystem-based curriculum and

research program at YAU (in partnership with U.S.

universities, Asian Agricultural universities).

• Review of the organization, management and governance

system of the university. The organization, management and

governance of an institution of higher learning is a system of hierarchy.

• Review of academic procedure and administration in the


Needs of Technical Assistance

• Develop strategy and approaches to strengthen the

research function of the university. YAU is not only an

academic system of instructing students, imparting to them classical and practical know how and do how in production, processing of products, making decisions, problem solving agricultural problems.

• Develop ideas on utilization of the 7 sub-campuses of

YAU. The seven sub- campuses of YAU are vital assets that

can be used to aid and realize the university goals in instruction, research and extension.

• Establish a sub-campus in Ayeyarwady region. Since Ayeyarwady region is well known for rice bowl of the country one of YAU sub-campus should be established in this region. Presently, there are two sub-campuses in Yangon region.


Brief overview in GAP

 ASEAN GAP was initially development as an activity under the AADCP project, Quality Assurance System for ASEAN Fruit and Vegetables (QASAFV-37703), 2004 implemented during phase III of the ASEAN – Australia Economic Cooperation Programme (AAECP)

 Nowadays, changing consumer lifestyle in not only ASEAN region but also throughout the world is driving the demand

for safe to eat with good quality fruit and

vegetable. GAP program is an important component in road map of the country.


Activities in Myanmar to develop GAP


Conduction quality standard for mango, banana, pineapple, durian,

guava, mangosteen and tomato with harmonization of ASEAN standard

Initiate collaborative research on post-harvest technology on fruits and vegetables

Improvement of laboratory related to post-harvest research

Training of human resource development relating to post-harvest technology


Conduction capacity building for human resource development regarding to post-harvest technology and laboratory

Introduction GAP to selected farms and zone

Development of quality standard for other fruits and vegetable

Initiative research on quality assurance system setting up for Myanmar GAP


Development of Myanmar GAP to farmer’s field

Demonstration on farmer’s field

Conduction GAP training for farmer to farmer



Needs assessment


Myanmar National GAP Meeting

National GAP meeting was held on 15th January, 2013 at the Minister’s

meeting room, Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation (MOAI) and the Deputy Union Minister for Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation gave a remark in that meeting “ Do the next meeting quickly to finalize the third draft of National GAP and to approve as a Myanmar National GAP

guideline officially.

Lead by Deputy Union Minister for MOAI, the Myanmar National GAP meeting was held again on 21st March, 2013 at the meeting room No-1

of (MOAI), Nay Pyi Taw.

The purpose of that meeting was

To amend the third draft of National Good Agricultural Practice guide line finally and to be approved

To select the logo for Myanmar GAP


Myanmar National GAP Meeting

 The meeting was attended by the Deputy Union Minister for MOAI, Director General, Department of Agriculture and the

participants from different Ministry and other organization were ;  Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation:- Department of Agriculture,

Department of Agricultural Planning, Yezin Agriculture University, Department of Agriculture Research, Department of Industrial Crops Development

 Ministry of Health,

 Ministry of Commerce,  Nay Pyi Taw Council ,

 Senior National Consultant from FAO,

 Myanmar Fruit, Flower and Vegetable Producer and Exporter Association (MFVPEA).





Related subjects :