• No results found

‘काला पहाड़’ : साम्प्रदायिक सौहार्द की विरासत का दस्तावेज

N/A
N/A
Protected

Academic year: 2020

Share "‘काला पहाड़’ : साम्प्रदायिक सौहार्द की विरासत का दस्तावेज"

Copied!
7
0
0

Loading.... (view fulltext now)

Full text

(1)

Available online: https://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 113

^dkyk igkM+* % lkEiznkf;d lkSgknZ dh fojklr dk nLrkost

MkWŒ lrh”k dqekj] lgk;d izksQslj ¼xsLV QSdYVh½]

fganh ¼vkbZå,Qåihå½] jkT; izn”kZu ,oa n`”;dyk fo”ofo|ky;]

jksgrd ¼gfj;k.kk½

gekjk ns”k vkt lkekftd] vkfFkZd vkSj jktuhfrd ruko ls xqtj jgk gSA ,d vksj tgk¡ vusd jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ksa }kjk QSyk;k tkus okyk tkfrokn gS rks nwljh vksj /kkfeZd vYila[;dksa ds f[kykQ fd;k tkus okyk ?k`f.kr vkSj t?kU; dqdeZ gSA ^^bl rukoiw.kZ ekgkSy esa Hkxokunkl eksjoky dk miU;kl ^dkyk IkgkM+* lqdwu rks nsrk gh gS] ;g tkudj rlYyh gksrh gS fd vHkh fcydqy va/ksjk ugha gqvk gS( jks”kuh utj vk jgh gSA bl lekt esa izxfr”khy psruk ls ;qDr yksx ekStwn gSa] tks bl lekt dks bu rkdrksa ls YkM+us dk lkgl j[krs gSaA lyseh ¼bl miU;kl dk dsUnzh; ik=½ tSls yksx bl lekt esa ekStwn gSa tks fujarj tkfroknh vkSj laiznk;oknh “kfDr;ksa ls la?k’kZ dj jgs gSaA**1

gfj;k.kk dk esokr {ks= bl miU;kl dh dFkk&Hkwfe vkSj dk;Z{ks= gSA blesa esokr dh HkkSxksfyd&lkaLd`frd vfLerk ds lkFk&lkFk ogka ekStwn fganqLrkuh thou dk l”kDr] ekfeZd vkSj thoar fp=.k fd;k x;k gSA ;gka fgUnw&eqlyeku esa dksbZ Hksn ugha gSA ;gk¡ ds xk¡oksa esa /keZ] etgc vkSj tkfr ds uke ij dksbZ HksnHkko ugha gSA ;gka ds yksxksa esa ijLij izse vkSj ln~Hkko gSA gk¡ dHkh&dHkh >XkM+k Hkh gksrk gS ysfdu fQj dqN le; ckn lHkh ,d /kkjk esa cgus yxrs gSaA ;gk¡ lc yksx veu&pSu ls jgrs gSaA dguk xyr u gksxk fd ^dkyk igkM+* lkEiznkf;d lkSgknZ dh fojklr dk vk[;ku gSA

(2)

Available online: https://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 114 ftlls eu dks “kkafr feyrh gSA lekt esa vHkh Hkh dqN yksx ,sls gSa] tks lkEiznkf;d lkSgknZ cuk, j[kus ds fy, dqN Hkh djus dks rS;kj jgrs gSaA ^dkyk igkM+* miU;kl dk ik= ^lyseh* dqN ,slk gh gSA lkEiznkf;d lkSgknZ cuk, j[kus ds fy, og vius csVs dks Hkh yrkM+us ls ugha pwdrkA lkEiznkf;d lkSgknZ cuk jgs] blds fy, lyseh dk iwjk thou&O;ogkj voyksduh; gSA

,d izlax esa tc ckcw [kk¡ xqLls esa rerekrs gq, ;g dgrk gS fd ^^ek.kl rks ejaxk gh - - - vjs] vtks/;k esa fgUnwUus gekjh egtn fxjk nh rks dgk ge eqlyeku budk eanjUus us Hkh uk ywVsaA** blh chp irk ugha lyseh ckcw ut+j cpkrk gqvk dc mlds ikl vk x;kA vkrs gh iSj ls i.kgk fudky dj ml ij rM+krM+ cjlkuh “kq: dj nh] ^^rs· ·jh cgk.k dh Vk¡V esa nw¡ - - - vk;ks eqlyeku dk pksnks - - - csVhpks deh.k - - - dkQj dk fcan - - -A**2

tc rd ckcw vdcdkrs gq, dqN le> ikrk rc rd irk ugha fdruh i.kgk ckcw ij cjl pqdh Fkh \ vpkud bl ?kVuk us iwjk ifjn`”; gh cny fn;kA tks tgk¡ Fkk ogk¡ ls pqipki f[kld fy;kA iwjs gqtwe esa vQ+jk&rQ+jh ep xbZA flok; MkWDVj “kQ+hd] gkth v”kjQ+] lqHkku [kk¡ vkSj ckcw ds dksbZ ugha cpkA

^^vjs vks Qdhj dk - - - ekek rksis vi.kks isV rks Hkjks tk, uk gS vkSj py fn;ks /kwel epk.k - - - rw Vy tk esjh vk[ku~ ds vkxs lw ugha rksgs gykd dj nw¡xks!** lyseh dh vk¡[kksa esa [kwu mrj vk;kA

vius cki ds rsoj ns[kdj lqHkku [kk¡ dks ysdj pqipki py fn;kA MkWDVj “kQ+hd+ vkSj gkth v”kjQ+ Hkh /khjs&ls ogk¡ ls f[kldus yxs rks lyseh us mUgsa Hkh /kj nckspk] ^^vjs vks Mkd/kj] rw dk¡bZ yw ;k xk¡vksa esa vkx yxku~ yw Mksys gS - - - eksgs ,slks yxs gS ;k xk¡vksa dks ik.kh rksis f>y uk jks gS - - - rw vi.kks tSlks bu esoUus cuk.k dw Mksys gSA**3

(3)

Available online: https://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 115 lyseh tSls cM+s&cw<+ksa dh le>nkjh ls ;g vkx iwjs uxhuk esa QSyus ls #d xbZ] ojuk gkth v”kjQ+ vkSj MkWDVj “kQ+hd+ us rks dksbZ dlj NksM+h ughaA ;g rks x+uher gS fd flQZ+ ekrk ds eafnj us lkjs okj vius lhus ij >sy fy,] ojuk v;ks/;k esa fxjk, x, cs&d+lwj fookfnr <k¡ps ds cnys irk ugha fdrus vkSj eafnjksa dks ;s okj >syus iM+rsA

tc iwjk ns”k naxs dh vkx esa ty jgk FkkA vkilh fo”okl [kRe gks jgk Fkk] ml le; Hkh dbZ yksx ,sls Fks] ftUgksaus lkEiznkf;d lkSgknZ dh ykS dks cq>us ugha fn;kA vius nkeu dh vksV esa j[kdj Hkh mldh fgQktr dhA xk¡o&dLcksa ds yksx bl ekeys esa dfFkr ^lH;&lqf”kf{kr “kgjh lekt* ds yksxksa ls dgha vkxs jgsA

fot; cgknqj flag ^dkyk igkM+* miU;kl esa of.kZr lkEiznkf;d lkSgknZ ds lanHkZ eas fy[krs gSa& ^^dkyk igkM+ dh Nk;k eas cls uksg] cM+dy] uxhuk] ?kflM+k mijyh/kk¡ vkSj lkdjl vkfn xk¡oksa ds l?ku lkekftd fj”rksa vkSj cqukoVksa dks thus vkSj lkdkj djus okys mu esokfr;ksa dh dgkuh dgrk gS tks lÙkk dh jktuhfr djus okyksa ls yxHkx vizHkkfor jgdj] tc&rc mudh fo/oald vkSj lkaiznkf;d jktuhfr dk eq¡grksM+ tokc nsdj vius ikBdksa ds eu eas ;g mEehn iSnk djrk gS fd /keZokn vkSj lÙkkokn dh VqPph jktuhfr ls dgha cM+h jktuhfr gS ekuo&laca/kksa dhA u dsoy lyseh vkSj NksVsyky] cfYd euhjke tSls ik=ksa ds ekQZr ;g dgus dh dksf”k”k dh xbZ gS fd oksV vkSj lÙkk dh jktuhfr rc Hkh bl ikjaifjd lkaLd`frd thou dks ekj ugha ik,xhA miU;kldkj us ,d ftn ds rgr bl n`f’Vdks.k dks lewps dFkkud esa u dsoy fodflr fd;k gS oju~ bls js[kkafdr Hkh djrk pyk x;k gSA**5

^^NksVs yky viuh ?kjokyh lw dg vk fQdj uk djs - - - ge gSa rks lgh ghu~A** uch [kk¡ us Hkh fgEer c¡/kkrs gq, dgkA

/khjs&/khjs iwjk pkS/kjh eksgYyk euhjke ds c¡xys esa bdV~Bk gks x;kA

^^gjlk;] ,slh dksbZ ckr uk gS - - - vHkh glSunhu vkSj lyseh Hkh vk tk,xksA** jkscM+k cksykA

ysfdu m/kj ls fdlh ds eq¡g ls ,d Hkh “kCn ugha QwVkA lcdks ,sls yxus yxk tSls /khjs&/khjs ekjs I;kl ds muds gyd lw[ks tk jgs gSaA

(4)

Available online: https://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 116 ^^gjkehUus njk¡rh lw phj ds uk /kj nw¡xh tks ;k eqgYyk esa ik¡o Hkh /kj fn;ks rks - - -A** rjdhyk us ?kw¡?kV ds ihNs ls gh rerekrs gq, dgkA mlds gkFkksa esa gydh&gydh tqafcl&lh gksus yxhA**6 - - - ^^gk¡&gk¡ ogh - - - okdh ,slh NwN mrkjh gS ds csÍk ftanxh Hkj ;kn j[kksxs - - - vjs] bu tSlk vknehUus ;k xk¡vksa vkSj bykdk dks ekgkSy [kjkc dj jk[kks gS - - - ,d Å gkrh vlji gS - - - vU;k;h] oSls rks ik¡p&ik¡p gtkj #fi;k [kSjkr esa nsrks Mksys gS - - - vkSj oSls lkjs fnu uhr gjke esa /kjh jgos gS - - - etky gS dnh dksbZ <ax dks rks dke djks gks,A** eqLdqjkrs gq, lyseh cksykA7

lyseh gj izdkj ls esoksa dh laLd`fr] fgUnw&eqfLye ,drk dks cpkus dk iz;kl thoui;ZUr djrk gSA ;gh dkj.k gS fd uxhuk dks YkwVus vk, vius gh /keZ Hkkb;ksa ds f[kykQ og [kM+k jgrk gSA vius csVs dks ihVrk gSA rsth ls fgUnw&eqfLyeksa ds chp c<+rh vyxko foHkktu dh Hkkouk lyseh dks fpfUrr djrh gS blfy, og euhjke] gjlk;] cq+)u] jkscM+k] NksVsyky ds lkFk mudh fgQktr djrh fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA

(5)

Available online: https://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 117 tkrk jgk gSA ysfdu KkupUn tSu tSls fgUnqvksa ds [kks[kysiu dks ys[kd O;Dr djrk gS] ^^ge fgUnqvksa esa ;gh rks lcls cM+h detksjh gS fd ge viuksa vkSj nwljksa esa dksbZ Qjd ugha ns[krs gSa - - - blh lksp ds dkj.k ge fgUnqvksa dh vkt ;g gkyr gks jh gS - - - rw rks bl fnYyh esa vk clk gS u - - - rsjh cyk ls bykds esa dqN Hkh gks, - - - ij mudh lksp tks vkt bl nwljs ikfdLrku esa iM+s gq, gSa - - - vkSj fQj ;s nsl fgUnqvksa dk gS] gekjk gS] rsjk gS - - -A**9 fQj Hkh txuh dks KkupUn tSu dh ckrsa le> esa ugha vkrh gSaA ,sls esa KkupUn tSUk eu gh eu vius dks] xk¡/kh dks dkslrk gS fd eSaus D;ksa xk¡/kh dh lwfDr;ksa dk lgkjk fy;kA vkSj og vius vafre “kL= dk bLrseky djrs gq, dgrk gS& ^^txuh] blesa fganqvksa dh ukd dk loky gS - - - pkS/kjh eqjlhn vgen us gkth vljQ dh dpSM+h esa esou~ ls lkQ dg nh gS fd vxj vcdh ckj uxhuk esa fgUnw ljiap gks x;k u] rks ge eqlyekuksa ds fy, blls cM+h “kje dh ckr vkSj dksbZ ugha gksxh - - - gesa pqYyw Hkj ikuh esa MwCk ds ej tkuk gksxk - - - vkSj txuh rksgs irks gS] lkjs esoUus tHkh dqjku is gkFk /kj ds dle [kk yh fd [kqnk us pkgh rks pkSLlkc vcds ljiap cusxks gkth vljQ gh - - -A**10

- - - ^^;kj] lsB th ds viuh ,slh&rSlh djk, - - - vkSj fQj eSa D;k vius fy, dj jgk gw¡ ;s lc - - - esjs ;kj] ;s rks iwjs fgUnw lekt dk QSlyk gS - - - vjs] tc bl nsl esa fgUnw gh uk jgsxk rks ;g nsl dSls jgsxk vkSj fQj rqe tSls yksx gh ,slk lkspksxs rks vkSjkas dh D;k dgsaA** bl ckj ykyk Kkupan lh/kk&lk/kk izopu nsus ij mrj vk;k] blfy, Hkk’kk Hkh ,dne egkiq:’kksa okyh gks xbZA

bl izdkj jktuhfrd yksx viuh jktuhfrd jksfV;k¡ lsdus ds fy, jktuhfrd [ksy [ksyrs gSa vkSj lkEiznkf;d lkSgknZ dks u’V djus dh dksf”k”k djrs jgrs gSaA pkgs og pkS/kjh djhe gqlSu gksa] pkgs pkS/kjh eq”khZn vgen gksa ;k ykyk vHk;pUn vk;Z ;k ykyk Kkupan tSu gksaA os pkgrs gSa fd fgUnw esoksa ds chp lkEiznkf;d la?k’kZ gksA lyseh fgUnqRookfn;ksa dh izR;sd pky dks c[kwch le>rk gSA blhfy, og jkscM+k ls dgrk gS] ^^vU;k;h] ;s ;gh rks pkgrs gSa fd ;k bykdk esa nks&pkj ek.kl ejrk¡ jg¡ - - - fgUnw eso vkil esa yM+rk jg¡ tklw budh ikS ckjg gksrk jg¡A**11

(6)

Available online: https://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 118 rjg le>rs gSaA rHkh rks ykyk Kkupan tSu ds pys tkrs gh yhyk dgrk gS] ^^ ns[k yh] ;s gekjs fgek;rh cu ds vk, gSa - - - ;s yksx gekjh xkjaVh - - - vkt bZ fgUnw ifjln~ gekjh xkjaVh ns jks gS - - - vkSj bu eqlyekuu~ dks dksbZ Hkjkslk uk gS - - - budks ext [kjkc gks jks gS tks ;s [kwu&[kPpj djsxk - - -A**

^^lgh ckr bZ gS pkpk yhyk ds ;s gekjh xkjaVh nsu uk vk;k gSa - - - ;s rks viuh xkjaVh ys.k vk;k gSa - - - vkt ;k fgUnw ifjln , gekjh ;kn vkbZ gS - - - vjs] QVrh esa gh ;kn vkos gSa lc - - -A ,d ;qok psgjs us eqLdjkrs gq, O;aX; fd;kA

^^vkSj gk¡ ;s Hkh rks dg jk gk fd ,dk/k fcanwd&foanwd dh t:jr iM+s rks ge igq¡pk nsaxk - - - ok csVk vHk;pan] nwljku~ dk da/kk isbZ fcanwd pyk.kh lh[kh gS - - - gSa rks pyk,¡ vius vki fcanwd - - -A** yhyk fonzwi g¡lh g¡lrs gq, dgkA

^^pkpk yhyk] ;s cf.k;k&cke.k vHkh Hkh ;gh le> jk gSa ds buds cnys ge tSlh NksVh&eksVh tkr yM+rh fQjsa - - - ;s rks geUus vHkh Hkh ckoyk le>s cSBk gSaA** v¡xhBh ds ikl CkSBs mlh psgjs Uks fQj dgkA12

nfyr vc fdlh Hkh dher ij vius vkidks nwljs ds gkFkksa dh dBiqrYkh cuus ls cprk gSA ;g psruk muds vkbZ gS] ysfdu fQj Hkh czkg~e.k&cfu;k vFkkZr~ fgUnw tkfr O;oLFkk eas fdlh&u&fdlh tkfr dks cgyk&Qqlykdj eqlyekuksa ds fo:) yM+us dks rS;kj djrh gSaA tc pekj bu usrkvksa dh nky ugha xyus nsrs rks ;s dqEgkjksa ds ikl pys tkrs gSa vkSj dqEgkjksa ds lkeus pekjksa dks xkyh nsrs gSaA dqEgkjksa ds eu esa fo”okl iSnk gksrk gS fd ge pekjksa ls vf/kd buds fo”oklik= gSaA utnhd gSa] blfy, ^^iwjs dqEgkjksa us budh ckrksa dks u dsoy /;ku ls lquk cfYd mudks vey esa ykus dk iwjk vk”oklu Hkh fn;kA canwd&reapksa dh ;fn t:jr iM+h] rks ;s mUgsa Hkh gLrxr djus esa ugha fgpfdpk,¡xsA**13

ykyk vHk;pUn vkSj fclacj ek= viuh dqfVy pkyksa dh thr ij xoZ djrs gSaA vHk;pan vk;Z ls fclacj lUukFkhZ dgrk gS& ^^ykyk vHk;pan] ns[k fy;k fd yksgk dSls yksgs dks dkVrk gSA**

(7)

Available online: https://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 119 ^^py ;kj] vc de ls de ;g rlYyh rks gksxh fd N% fnlEcj dks vxj dksbZ xM+cM+ gqbZ rks ;s dqEgkj rks gSa - - - vkSj fQj oSls Hkh gekjs utnhd dqEgkjokM+k T;knk gS - - - fpejokM+k rks oSls Hkh ?kuh nwj gSA**

^^lgh gS fpekj u lgh] dqEgkj rks gSA**14

fu’d’kZ :Ik ls dg ldrs gSa fd ^^lyseh tSls ik=ksa dks fpf=r dj ys[kd us tks LoIu cquk gS] og gekjs jktuhfrd le; dks lkaLd`frd ;k ewY;&le; esa cnyus dh dksf”k”ksa djrk gSA loky mBk;k tk ldrk gS fd lyseh tSls ik=ksa dh e`R;q fn[kkdj ys[kd us dgha viuh ukmEehnh rks iznf”kZr ugha dj nh gSA blds mÙkj esa ns[kuk ;g gksxk fd nQuk;k tk pqdk lyseh Hkh varr% ge ikBdksa dh psruk esa ,d ykbV&gkml dh rjg vius izdk”k Qsad jgk gSA fdlh Hkh ik= dh e`R;q ls mlds fopkjksa dh e`R;q dk fu’d’kZ ugha fy;k tk ldrk cfYd dHkh&dHkh rks e`R;q Hkh ,sfrgkfld lans”k NksM+ tkrh gSA miU;kl blh :Ik eas lans”kokgh jpuk gSA**15

lanHkZ lwph%&

1- lR;dke~] ;g vkapfyd ugha gS] leh{kk ¼if=dk½] vDVwcj&fnlEcj 1999] i`Œ 17

2- Hkxokunkl eksjoky] dkyk igkM+] i`Π422

3- ogh] i`Π422

4- ogh] i`Π423

5- fot; cgknqj flag] miU;kl % le; vkSj laosnuk] i`Π221

6- Hkxokunkl eksjoky] dkyk igkM+] i`Π424

7- ogh+] i`Π426

8- ogh+] i`Π383&384

9- ogh+] i`Π384

10- ogh+] i`Π385&386

11- ogh+] i`Π163

12- ogh+] i`Π406&407

13- ogh+] i`Π407

14- ogh+] i`Π408

References

Related documents

The primary analysis is aimed at evaluation of the primary outcome of this study: the in- cidence of in-hospital delirium according to the DSM-IV criteria in older at-risk patients

In conclusion, this study has shown that shoe size selection in older people using the Brannock device® combined with participant feedback resulted in the alloca- tion of Dr

Linear 4-node or modified 10-node tetrahedron elements (ABAQUS types C3D4, C3D10M) are used for meshing grains while grain bound- aries are either modeled using cohesive

If (market_ growth is high) and (monsoon is high) and (policy_ and_ political impact is high) and (foreign_ investment is high) and (ratio_ analysis is medium) and (agent_

The partial replacement of cement with rice husk ash at 7% and coarse aggregates with rubber fibers at 1% in concrete mix results in increased tensile strength as compared to

Viele Anästhetika haben aufgrund ihrer GABA-ergen Eigenschaften eine antiepileptische Wirkung und können deshalb möglicherweise die Konvulsionsdauer und die Intensität des durch

While the positive effect of agriculture exports at very low income levels decreases with surging economic development for the second quintile share in developing

Analog zu Studie I finden wir auch in der klinischen Stichprobe, dass diejenigen Emotionen, die von Depressiven im Vergleich zu Nicht-Depressiven stärker berichtet werden,