# Standards for Shopping Mall Ppt

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## STANDARDS FOR SHOPPING MALL

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Significant dimension is along the mall as this involves the widths i!e!  f"ontages ofSignificant dimension is along the mall as this involves the widths i!e!  f"ontages of sto"es!

sto"es!

Often #sed s\$aces a"e %& %' and (& ft! with the last the most fle)i*le !Often #sed s\$aces a"e %& %' and (& ft! with the last the most fle)i*le ! STORE DEPTHS

STORE DEPTHS

+#ildings a"e #s#all, -%& to -.& +#ildings a"e #s#all, -%& to -.& ft dee\$ sometimes ft dee\$ sometimes mo"e to accommodate la"ge"mo"e to accommodate la"ge" sto"es !

sto"es !

If the"e a"e *asements o" me//anines the de\$th If the"e a"e *asements o" me//anines the de\$th dimension #s#all, dimension #s#all, can *e "ed#cedcan *e "ed#ced %& to %' \$e"cent

%& to %' \$e"cent CLEAR HEIGHTS CLEAR HEIGHTS

These va", f"om -& to -. fThese va", f"om -& to -. ft! o" mo"e with -% Ft! a good ave"age ! A*ove t! o" mo"e with -% Ft! a good ave"age ! A*ove this clea"this clea" height the"e m#st *e ade0#ate

height the"e m#st *e ade0#ate s\$ace fo" ai" conditioning d#cts s\$ace fo" ai" conditioning d#cts "ecessed lights"ecessed lights st"#ct#"al e s,stem etc!

st"#ct#"al e s,stem etc! P

PARKING AND ARKING AND TRAFFICTRAFFIC

A "atio of *etween ' and 1 cA "atio of *etween ' and 1 ca" s\$aces \$e" -&&& s0! ft! a" s\$aces \$e" -&&& s0! ft! of leasa*le sto"e a"ea isof leasa*le sto"e a"ea is mandato",!

mandato",!

In the matte" of \$a"2ing la,o#t ca" stalls can *e set at angles 3sa, 4&5 to the lanesIn the matte" of \$a"2ing la,o#t ca" stalls can *e set at angles 3sa, 4&5 to the lanes which then "e0#i"es one6wa, t"affic7 o" stalls can *e at 8&9 to

which then "e0#i"es one6wa, t"affic7 o" stalls can *e at 8&9 to the lanes \$e"mittingthe lanes \$e"mitting two6wa, t"affic!

two6wa, t"affic!

EFFECT OF DEPTH

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### 6.

COLUMN SPACING COLUMN SPACING

Significant dimension is along the mall as this involves the widths i!e!  f"ontages ofSignificant dimension is along the mall as this involves the widths i!e!  f"ontages of sto"es!

sto"es!

Often #sed s\$aces a"e %& %' and (& ft! with the last the most fle)i*le !Often #sed s\$aces a"e %& %' and (& ft! with the last the most fle)i*le ! STORE DEPTHS

STORE DEPTHS

+#ildings a"e #s#all, -%& to -.& +#ildings a"e #s#all, -%& to -.& ft dee\$ sometimes ft dee\$ sometimes mo"e to accommodate la"ge"mo"e to accommodate la"ge" sto"es !

sto"es !

If the"e a"e *asements o" me//anines the de\$th If the"e a"e *asements o" me//anines the de\$th dimension #s#all, dimension #s#all, can *e "ed#cedcan *e "ed#ced %& to %' \$e"cent

%& to %' \$e"cent CLEAR HEIGHTS CLEAR HEIGHTS

These va", f"om -& to -. fThese va", f"om -& to -. ft! o" mo"e with -% Ft! a good ave"age ! A*ove t! o" mo"e with -% Ft! a good ave"age ! A*ove this clea"this clea" height the"e m#st *e ade0#ate

height the"e m#st *e ade0#ate s\$ace fo" ai" conditioning d#cts s\$ace fo" ai" conditioning d#cts "ecessed lights"ecessed lights st"#ct#"al e s,stem etc!

st"#ct#"al e s,stem etc! P

PARKING AND ARKING AND TRAFFICTRAFFIC

A "atio of *etween ' and 1 cA "atio of *etween ' and 1 ca" s\$aces \$e" -&&& s0! ft! a" s\$aces \$e" -&&& s0! ft! of leasa*le sto"e a"ea isof leasa*le sto"e a"ea is mandato",!

mandato",!

In the matte" of \$a"2ing la,o#t ca" stalls can *e set at angles 3sa, 4&5 to the lanesIn the matte" of \$a"2ing la,o#t ca" stalls can *e set at angles 3sa, 4&5 to the lanes which then "e0#i"es one6wa, t"affic7 o" stalls can *e at 8&9 to

which then "e0#i"es one6wa, t"affic7 o" stalls can *e at 8&9 to the lanes \$e"mittingthe lanes \$e"mitting two6wa, t"affic!

two6wa, t"affic!

EFFECT OF DEPTH

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### STANDARDS

DIFFERENT LEVELS OF A MALL DIFFERENT LEVELS OF A MALL

WHEN SAME LEVEL WHEN SAME LEVEL

WHEN MEZZANINE FLOOR WHEN MEZZANINE FLOOR

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### 8.

SHOP SIZES & LAYOUTS

SHOP SIZES & LAYOUTS

-% to -' ft wide *, '& to 1& ft long in la"ge cities 7 and-% to -' ft wide *, '& to 1& ft long in la"ge cities 7 and -' to -: ft! wide *, 1& to :& ft long in smalle" cities ! -' to -: ft! wide *, 1& to :& ft long in smalle" cities !

These dimensions a\$\$l, \$a"tic#la"l, to sho\$s in -&&These dimensions a\$\$l, \$a"tic#la"l, to sho\$s in -&& \$e"cent "etail dist"icts !

\$e"cent "etail dist"icts !

+asements : to 8 ft high in the clea" \$e"mit+asements : to 8 ft high in the clea" \$e"mit economical stoc2 sto"age !

economical stoc2 sto"age !

G"o#nd floo"s G"o#nd floo"s a"e \$"a"e \$"efe"a*l, a\$\$"o)imatelefe"a*l, a\$\$"o)imatel, -% ft , -% ft highhigh If no me//an

If no me//anine is incl#ded ine is incl#ded 7 me//anin7 me//anines es at least 4 ft1at least 4 ft1 inch a*ove floo" level will acc

inch a*ove floo" level will accommodate most fi)t#"ommodate most fi)t#"ee heights!

heights!

Height f"om me//anHeight f"om me//anine floo" to cine floo" to ceiling ma, *e as loweiling ma, *e as low as 1 ft1 in ! if #sed fo" se"vice s\$ace onl, 7 4 ft is the as 1 ft1 in ! if #sed fo" se"vice s\$ace onl, 7 4 ft is the \$"efe""ed minim#m fo" \$#*lic #se !

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### STANDARDS

AISLE WIDTHS

Aisle ;idths Fo" cle"2s min ! < - ft: inch!

Desi"a*le % ft to % ft( inch

Fo" main \$#*lic aisles min !< . ft1 inch

Avg!' ft1 inch to 4 ft7

=s#al ma)! - - ft!

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### STANDARDS

The rati of sales to ancilla", s\$ace "anges f"om a*o#t !"#"" in \$%a \$h'\$ and de\$a"tmental sto"es to ()#!) i* \$+'er%ar,et\$!

Pa**i*-Halls a"e #s#all, designed to give a la"ge6s\$an o\$en s\$ace having

nat#"al "oof lighting good ventilation and se"vice connections!

Pe"imete" stalls and othe" g"o#\$ed la,o#ts have se"vice co""ido"s!

Fish meat and food stalls a"e sited in /oned a"eas with mo"e so\$histicated ventilation d"ainage and se"vices! Key considerations:

 Access and linkage to car parks, shopping a"eas goods delive", and \$a"2ing *a,s!

Ris2 of fi"e 3incom*#sti*le mate"ials fi"e6"esistant const"#ction smo2e evac#ation>and means of esca\$e!

Net areas Gross areas Staff facilities -&?-' \$e" cent %'?(& \$e"

cent Offices '?: \$e" cent

Additions to the net sales area

M@TRI HAND+OOB

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### 12.

./Str+0t+ra %1e\$ Width (m) Nte\$

Small sho\$s '!( to 1!& Mostl, '!. m

De\$ending on *eam de\$th!

Single6sto"e, *#ildings ?la"ge" s\$ans La"ge6s\$ace #se"s 4!( to 8!%

2/Cear 0eii*- Height(m) T +*1er\$i1e 3 4ea%\$

Small sho\$s (!( to (!: Sales a"ea (!% to (!1 Non6sales a"ea

La"ge6s\$ace #se"s (!1 min! ;ith floo"C floo" s\$acing . to ' m

### PLANNING GUIDELINES

!/T5'i0a 3r

a1i*-kN/m2

Sho\$ sales a"ea '

Sho\$ sto"age -& Design load fo"

se"vice ,a"d

%& 6/Car 'ar,i*- Car spaces per

100 m2 gross retail area S#\$e"ma"2ets s#\$e"sto"es -&6-% Sho\$\$ing cent"es .6' "/G1\$ a*1 \$er7i0e 10,\$ m Notes T,\$ical \$"ovision fo" la"ge6s\$ace #se" Two -' m a"tic#lated lo""iesC width -&!4 Allowing -!' m each side Minim#m clea"ance height .!4 A\$\$"oach "oad ? '!&& m

t5'e \$ae\$ area \$ae\$#a*0iar5 area small sho\$s 3less than %:& m% sales a"ea> .'C''

De\$a"tment sto"es

-&&&&6%& &&& m% .'C''!

a"iet, sto"es '&& to -' &&& m '&C'& S#\$e"ma"2ets The sales a"eas of la"ge6s\$ace #se"s

"ange f"om -&&& to %'&& m%

1&C.&

Superstores '&&& ? -& &&& m% of selling s\$ace!

H,\$e"ma"2ets at least %'&& m% sales floo" 1&C.& Sho\$\$ing cente"s %' &&& and '& &&& m% GLA

Retail \$a"2s at least .'&& m% Staff facilities (general guide only)

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### IR=LATIONC6

O00+'a*05 Area 'er 'er\$* :%2 ; Ove"all allowance fo" \$#*lic a"eas in \$#*lic6handling *#ildings %!( to %!:

;aiting a"eas -&& \$e" cent standing no c"oss6flows 3e!g! lift lo**,>

&!' to &!1'

i"c#lating \$eo\$le in co""ido"s "ed#ced to halt *, O*st"#ction! &!% O00+'a*05 Area 'er 'er\$* :%2 ;

Assem*l, halls 3closel, seated> !.1 E.'&mm cc mova*le seats !1&E'&&mm cc fi)ed seats Dancehalls !''to&!8&

Resta#"ants 3dining a"eas> !8& to -!-Retail sho\$s and show"ooms .!1 to 4!&

De\$a"tment sto"es *a/aa"s &!8 3incl#ding co#nte"s etc!> *a"gain sales a"eas &!.1 3gangwa, a"eas onl,>

Offices 8!( 3e)cl#ding stai"s and lavato"ies> Mi*i%+% area 'er 'er\$* i* 7ari+\$ t5'e\$ 3 4+i1i*-\$

Area 'er 'er\$* t 4e a<e1 i* 7ari+\$ 0ir0+ati* area\$

O00+'a*05 Area 'er 'er\$* :%2 ; Gene"al design \$#"\$oses &!:

Peo\$le moving at good wal2ing \$ace 3-!( ms> (!4

Peo\$le moving at a sh#ffle 3&!. to &!8 ms>! &!%4 6 &!(4 Peo\$le at a standstill d#e to o*st"#ction &!%

F< 0a'a0itie\$ 3 0rri1r\$ a*1 \$tair0a\$e\$

M@TRI HAND+OOB

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### STANDARDS

TURNING SPACE

Most wheelchai"s "e0#i"e a s\$ace -!. m s0#a"e to t#"n a"o#nd! This dete"mines the minim#m si/e of lift ca"s and ci"c#lation s\$aces in "ooms!

### ESCALATORS AND PASSENGER CONVEYORS

or !loors a"o#e &' m — One refuge

area onthe floo" immediatel, a*ove (8 m and so on afte" eve", -' m! Ref#ge a"ea \$"ovided in e)cess of the "e0#i"ements shall *e co#nted

towa"ds FAR!

;he"e the"e is a diffe"ence in level *etween connected a"eas fo"

ho"i/ontal e)its "am\$s not mo"e than - in -& m slo\$e shall *e \$"ovided7 ste\$s shall not *e #sed!

Doo"s in ho"i/ontal e)its shall *e o\$ena*le at all times f"om *oth sides

M@TRI HAND+OOB

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### LIFT

ality *er#ice or Acceptable Interval  2 to 2! seconds +,cellent

(& to (' secondsG1 (. to .& seconds Fair .' seconds Pr

Ove" .' seconds U*\$ati\$3a0tr5

NOT@ Fo" "esidential *#ildings longe" inte"vals sho#ld *e \$e"missi*le!

M@TRI HAND+OOB

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M@TRI HAND+OOB

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### 17.

National +#ilding ode6 %&&'

It is "ecommended that smo2e e)ha#st e0#i\$ment sho#ld have a minim#m ca\$acit, of -% ai" changes \$e" ho#"!

NOT@ The tta 00+'a*t\$ f"om a \$a"tic#la" floo" m#st evac#ate <ithi* 2 .2 %i*+te\$ fo" T5'e . 0*\$tr+0ti*

An, me"cantile *#ilding having a"ea %re tha* ")) %2 on each floo" shall have a %i*i%+% 3 t< \$tair0a\$e\$! One is ma, *e enclosed t,\$e and anothe" one is di"ectl, o\$en to e)te"nal s#"face of *#ilding *loc2

LIFE SAFETY

Ge*era E@it Re>+ire%e*t\$

An e)it ma, *e a doo"wa,7 co""ido" \$assagewa,3s> to an inte"nal stai"case o" e)te"nal stai"case o" ho"i/ontal landing!

Lifts and escalato"s shall not *e conside"ed as e)its!

@ve", e)it e)it access o" e)it discha"ge shall *e contin#o#sl, maintained f"ee of all o*st"#ctions!

@)its shall *e clea"l, visi*le and the "o#te to "each the e)its shall *e clea"l, ma"2ed and signs \$osted to g#ide the

occ#\$ants of the floo" conce"ned!

Fi"e doo"s with % h fi"e "esistance shall *e \$"ovided at a\$\$"o\$"iate \$laces along the esca\$e "o#te!

Fi"e doo"s with % h fi"e "esistance shall *e \$"ovided at a\$\$"o\$"iate \$laces along the esca\$e "o#te

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### STANDARDS

Grop  ercantile 3ildings

These shall incl#de an, *#ilding o" \$a"t of a *#ilding which is #sed as sho\$s sto"es ma"2et fo" dis\$la, and sale of me"chandise eithe" wholesale o" "etail!

Me"cantile *#ildings shall *e f#"the" s#*6divided As followsC

S+4=1i7i\$i* F=. Sho\$s sto"es de\$a"tmental sto"es ma"2ets with a"ea #\$ to '&& s0mt! S+4=1i7i\$i* F=2 Sho\$s sto"es de\$a"tmental sto"es ma"2ets with a"ea mo"e than '&& s0mt! S+4=1i7i\$i* F=6 =nde"g"o#nd \$h''i*- 0e*tre\$! i re Z*e N/ - — "his shall co#prise areas having "esidential 3G"o#\$ A> ed#cational 3G"o#\$ +> instit#tional 3G"o#\$ > and

assem*l, 3G"o#\$ D> small *#siness 3S#*divisions @6- > and retai %er0a*tie :Gr+' F;

*#ildings o" mess which a"e #nde" develo\$ment fo" s#ch occ#\$ancies!

4estrictions on the "ype of \$onstruction for %e&  'uildings

'uildings erected in ire *one %o + shall confo"m to const"#ction of T,\$e - % ( o" .!

Fo" *#ildings -' m in height o" a*ove non6com*#sti*le mate"ials sho#ld *e #sed fo" const"#ction and othe"

mate"ial of const"#ction with minim#m of % h "ating!

A high "ise *#ilding d#"ing const"#ction shall*e \$"ovided with the following fi"e \$"otection meas#"es which shall *e maintained in g wo"2ing condition at all the timesC

a! D", "ise" of minim#m -&& mm diamete" \$i\$e with h,d"ant o#tlets on the floo"s const"#cted with a fi"e se"vice inlet to *oost the wate" in the d", "ise" and maintenance sho#ld *e as \$e" the "e0#i"ements laid down in good \$"actice!

*! D"#ms tilled with wate" of %&&& lit"es ca\$acit, with two fiie *#c2ets on each floo"7 and

c! A wate" sto"age tan2 of minim#m %&&&& lit"es ca\$acit, which ma, *e #sed fo" othe" const"#ction \$#"\$oses also!

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### STANDARDS

R  Re0#i"ed NR  Not Re0#i"ed

%! Re0#i"ed to *e installed in *asement if a"ea of *asement e)ceed s%&& s0mt!

. !Additional val#e given in \$a"enthesis shall *e added if *asement a"ea e)ceeds%&&s0mt!

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### 21.

SANITARY INSTALLATIONS

M@TRI HAND+OOB

6 david alde"

Sanita", facilities fo" c#stome"s in sho\$s and sho\$\$ing malls having a net sales a"ea mo"e than -&&& m% and ass#ming e0#al n#m*e"s of male and female c#stome"s!

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The "atio of fittings in male and female tiet\$ \$ha 4e 6#"8 3r e@a%'e8 . WC a*1 2Uri*a\$ 3r %ae# " WC/\$ 3r 3e%ae which is in acco"dance to the N@AJs OP@H!

Uri*a\$

Individ#all, wall6h#ng #"inal #nits shall 4e at ea\$t 6))%% <i1e and the li\$ of the collection a"ea shall 're0t 3r% the <a 45 at ea\$t 6))%%!

A #"inal sho#ld *t 4e \$et 0\$er tha* !")%% 3r% it\$ 0e*tre t a*5 \$i1e <a \$a"tition vanit, o" othe" o*st"#ction o" 0\$er tha* ))%% 0e*tre=t=0e*tre *etween adacent fi)t#"es!

The"e sho#ld *e at ea\$t a ))%% 0eara*0e in f"ont of the #"inal to an, wall fi)t#"e o" doo"!

="inals sho#ld *e se\$a"ated *, %1e\$t5 4ar1\$ 3 *t e\$\$ tha* 6))%% @ .9))%% :Hei-ht> to act as a vis#al *a""ie" *etween #"inals!

Wa\$h Ba\$i*\$

;ash *asins sho#ld *e s#*stantial in si/e! The *asins sho#ld ha7e a %i*i%+% \$i?e 3 "))%% i* e*-th a*1 !))%% i* <i1th ! Water C\$et\$ :WC\$;

A WC \$h+1 *t 4e \$et 0\$er tha* !")%% 3r% it\$ 0e*tre t a*5 \$i1e <a8 'artiti*8 7a*it5 r ther 4\$tr+0ti*!

The"e sho#ld *e at ea\$t a ))%% 0eara*0e in f"ont of the ; to an, wall fi)t#"e o" doo"!

s#\$\$l, a \$"edete"mined 0#antit, of not %re tha* !/" itre\$ 3 <ater 'er 3+\$h a3ter ea0h +\$e/

3a> Mechanical entilation

;he"e mechanical means a"e #sed fo" ventilation the"e sho#ld *e c"oss ventilation and the air e@0ha*-e rate \$h+1 ha7e a %i*i%+% 3 ." air 0ha*-e\$ 'er h+r/

The e@ha+\$t air sho#ld *e discha"ged to the e)te"io" of the *#ilding at a '\$iti* at ea\$t 2 % a47e the 'a7e%e*t e7e a*1 at ea\$t " % 3r% a*5 <i*1< r 3re\$h air

i*ta,e/

3*> Nat#"al entilation

Fo" nat#"al ventilation s#ita*le f"esh ai" inlet g"illes shall *e \$"ovided to ens#"e an

air e@0ha*-e rate 3 " air 0ha*-e\$ 'er h+r!

E@a%'e\$ 3 -1 %ateria\$ 3r tiet\$C 6 3a> Fr

Non6sli\$ ce"amic tiles nat#"al stone homogeneo#s tiles te""a//o!

3*> Wa

e"amic tiles nat#"al stone homogeneo#s tiles stainless steel enamelled steel \$anels glass *loc2 al#mini#m \$anels \$henolic cladding!

3c>

Ceii*-Mine"al fi*"e *oa"d fi*"o#s \$laste" *oa"d Al#mini#m \$anels o" st"i\$s

=A G+i1e t Better P+4i0 Tiet De\$i-* a*1 Mai*te*a*0e Thir1 E1iti* 2).6

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### 23.

Pr7i\$i* 3 Fa0iitie\$

3a> Soa\$ Dis\$ense"s 3*> Litte"*ins

3c> @lect"onic Hand6D",e"sPa\$e" Towel Dis\$ense"s 3d> Toilet Pa\$e" Dis\$ense"s

3e> Toilet Seat Saniti/e"sove"s 3f> ;ate" Ta\$ Points within #*icles 3g> Ai" F"eshene"s

3h> ;  ="inal Saniti/e"s 3i> oat Hoo2s

3> leaning AttendantJs Sin2 K @0#i\$ment Sto"ageS\$ace Fr tiet\$8 the 'r7i\$i* 3 the

3<i*-+\$er=3rie*15 3eat+re\$ i\$ \$tr*-5 re0%%e*1e1/ 3a> Accessi*le Toilet

3*> Toilet fo" the Ostomates! 3c> +a*, Seats

3d> Dia\$e" hanging Stations 3e> ="inals and ;Js fo" hild"en 3g> Signages fo" c#*icle doo"s 3h> F#ll6Length Mi""o"s

3i> ;aiting A"eas

L\$0a'i*-The am*ience of \$#*lic toilets can *e enhanced f#"the" *,C 3a> Int"od#cing \$lants which can *e easil, maintained inside

the toilets as well as s#""o#nding the \$#*lic toilets!

3*> Placing of wall \$ict#"es and ill#minated with delicate lighting! The \$ict#"es o" wall\$a\$e"s sho#ld *e wate"\$"oof 3e!g! made of im\$e"vio#s mate"ial>!

3c> Placing of o"naments o" sc#l\$t#"es at the 5deadJ co"ne"s of the toilets!

5!!6set entrance ma7e 8ithot doors

irectional signage

=A G+i1e t Better P+4i0 Tiet De\$i-* a*1 Mai*te*a*0e Thir1 E1iti* 2).6

(22)

=A G+i1e t Better P+4i0 Tiet De\$i-* a*1 Mai*te*a*0e Thir1 E1iti* 2).6

(23)

### 25.

AIR CONDITIONING8 HEATING AND MECHANICAL VENTILATION

PLANNING D@SIGN RIT@RIA 3F#ndamental Re0#i"ements>

The o*ect of installing ventilation and ai"

conditioning facilities in *#ildings shall *e to \$"ovide conditions #nde" which \$eo\$le can live in comfo"t wo"2 safel, and efficientl,!

entilation and ai" conditioning installation shall

aim at cont"olling and o\$timi/ing following facto"s in the *#ildingC a> Ai" \$#"it, and filt"ation

*> Ai" movement

c> D",6*#l* tem\$e"at#"e d> Relative h#midit, e> Noise and vi*"ation f> @ne"g, efficienc, and g> Fi"e safet,!

### D=T SST@MS

lassification C

L< 're\$\$+re \$5\$te%\$#

elocit,  -& ms static \$"ess#"e  ' cm HO 3g> ! Me1i+% 're\$\$+re \$5\$te%\$#

elocit,  -& ms static \$"ess#"e  -' cm HO 3g>! Hi-h 're\$\$+re \$5\$te%\$#

elocit,  -& ms static \$"ess#"e -'\$  %' cm HO 3g>!

Recommended ai" velocities de\$end mainl, on the a\$\$lication And the noise c"ite"ia!

Re\$i1e*0e\$C ( ms to ' ms Theatre\$C . to 1!' ms

(24)

hilled *eams a"e

\$"edominantl, #sed fo" cooling and ventilating s\$aces whe"e a good indoo" envi"onment and individ#al s\$ace cont"ol is val#ed! hilled 4ea%\$ +\$e <ater t re%7e heat 3r% a r% and a"e located in the "oom s\$ace!

hilled *eams a"e \$"ima"il, #sed i* 0ati*\$ <here the h+%i1it5 0a* 4e 0*tre1!

hilled *eam also s#\$\$lement the fle)i*le #se of availa*le s\$ace at the same time as the high tem\$e"at#"e cooling and low tem\$e"at#"e heating ma)imi/ing the o\$\$o"t#nit, fo" f"ee cooling and heating!

O\$e"ation of the chilled *eams is #sed whe"e the inte"nal

h#midit, loads a"e mode"ate the \$"ima", ai" is deh#midified and an, infilt"ation th"o#gh the *#ilding is limited and cont"olled!

HAND+OOB OFFI@ +=ILDING

6 P;D

(25)

### 27.

National +#ilding  ode6 %&&'

-&! To *e installed in enti"e *#ilding! 

--! TO *e installed in all floo"s at a\$\$"o\$"iate \$laces and in cons#ltation with local fi"e a#tho"ities!

-%! +#ilding a*ove (&% i* hei-ht *t t 4e 'er%itte1 3r Gr+' B8 Gr+' C8 Gr+' D a*1 Gr+' F 00+'a*0ie\$/ -(! All #nde"g"o#nd sho\$\$ing a"eas sho#ld *e f#ll, ai"6conditioned!

Ge*era Re>+ire%e*t\$ 3 A I*1i7i1+a O00+'a*0ie\$ -ceptions and .eviations Occupation of 'uildings under \$onstruction /a-i#u# 0eight

loor Area 1atio

Open Spaces

/i-ed Occupancy

Openings in Separating alls and loors

3ertical opening

ire Stop or nclosure of Openings lectrical Installations  Air4conditioning and 3entilation S#oke 3enting 5la6ing

(26)

Rai* Water

Har7e\$ti*-Since Q#ne %&&- the Minist", of ="*an affai"s and Pove"t, Alleviation has made "ainwate" ha"vesting mandato", in all new *#ildings with a "oof a"ea of mo"e than -&& s0 m and in all \$lots <ith a* area 3 %re tha* .))) \$> % that a"e *eing develo\$ed

### BARRIER FREE PARAMETERS

To accommodate the \$e"sons with disa*ilities and elde"l,! Few integ"al com\$onents of the *#ilding design can *e \$lanned following these conside"ations!

Ker4 Ra%'

 ;idth sho#ld not *e less than -%&&mm  =sef#l fo" a smooth t"ansition!

 Foot\$ath fl#shed with "oadwa, at a g"adient not e)ceeding that -C-%!  ;a"ning st"i\$ to *e \$"ovided on the 2e"* side edge of the slo\$e! Fth'ath

 O*st"#ction6f"ee fo" the convenience of all #se"s!

 Height of the foot\$ath not to *e mo"e than -'& mm fo"m the "oad level!  hange in level on the foot\$ath sho#ld *e made clea"l, visi*le!

 ;idth of the foot\$ath sho#ld -:&& mm and minim#m clea" #no*st"#cted \$ath sho#ld *e -%&& mm!  St"eet f#"nit#"e sho#ld *e \$laced o#tside the \$ath of t"avel!

 Re\$ti*- Pa0e\$ \$h+1 4e 'r7i1e1 a*- tra7e r+te\$/  Prtr+1i*- ee%e*t\$ \$h+1 4e a7i1e1/

 Bar1\$ \$h+1 4e .))) %% hi-h8 'ai*te1 i* 0*tra\$ti*- 0+r \$tri'e\$ <ith 0ear minim#m ga\$ of -%&& mm! Par,i*- Pa"2ing sho#ld *e within (& mete"s of the main ent"ance the *#ilding!

 Two accessi*le \$a"2ing lots with dimension (1&&mm  '&&&mm!

 Inte"national s,m*ol of accessi*ilit, \$ainted on the g"o#nd and also on a sign\$ost*oa"d!  Di"ectional signs g#iding \$eo\$le to the accessi*le \$a"2ing!

 ;heel sto\$\$e"s to *e \$"ovided to

HAND+OOB OFFI@ +=ILDING

6 P;D

(27)

### 29.

Ra%'\$

 Gentle slo\$eC -C-% ma)! -:&& ) -:&& landing afte" 8m of t"avel distance!  ;idthC -:&&mm o" mo"e!

 Hand"ails to *e on *oth sides and at two levels ? 41&mm and 8&&mm! @)tend (&&mm *e,ond to\$ and *ottom of "am\$!

 ;a"ning tile sho#ld *e \$laced at (&&mm *efo"e and the "am\$ edges! Ste'\$ a*1 Stair\$

 =nifo"m "ise"s C -'&mm and t"eadC (&&mm!

 Stai" edges sho#ld have '&mm wide *"ight cont"ast colo#" *and!  Ma)im#m height of a flight *etween landings to *e -%&&mm!  Landing sho#ld *e -%&&mm clea" of an, doo" swing!

 The ste\$s sho#ld have an #no*st"#cted width of at least -%&&mm!

 ontin#o#s hand"ails on *oth sides incl#ding the wall 3if an,> and at two levels ? 41&mm and 8&&mm!

 ;a"ning tile to *e \$laced (&&mm at the *eginning and at the end of all stai"s!  Nosing sho#ld *e avoided!

Ha*1rai\$

Hand"ails G"a* *a"s a"e e)t"emel, im\$o"tant feat#"es and m#st *e designed to *e eas, to g"as\$ and to \$"ovide a fi"m and comfo"ta*le g"i\$ so that the hand can slide along the "ail witho#t o*st"#ction!

Hand"ails sho#ld *e ci"c#la" with a diamete" of (:mm at least '&mm clea" two levels ? 41&mm and 8&&mm fo"m the finished floo" e)tend *, at least (&&mm!

G"a* *a"s sho#ldC 6

 +e sli\$6"esistant with "o#nd ends7

 Have a ci"c#la" section of (:6'& mm in diamete"7  +e f"ee of an, sha"\$ o" a*"asive elements7

 Have contin#o#s g"i\$\$ing s#"faces witho#t inte""#\$tions o" o*st"#ctions that can *"ea2 a hand hold7

HAND+OOB OFFI@ +=ILDING

(28)

Have a minim#m clea" s\$ace of '& mm f"om the wall7

+e installed at a height of 41& mm to 8&& mm

Ta0tie S+r3a0e#=

Li*e=t5'e 40,\$ :G+i1i*- tie;# i*1i0ate the 0rre0t 'ath r+te t 3</

Dt=t5'e 40,\$ :War*i*- Tie;# i*1i0ate <ar*i*- \$i-*a8 t \$0ree* 33 4\$ta0e\$8 1r'\$ ? offs o" othe" ha/a"ds to

disco#"age movement in an inco""ect di"ection and to wa"n of a co"ne" o" #nction!

These tiles shall *e \$laced (&&mm at the *eginning and end of the "am\$s stai"s and ent"ance to an, doo"!

HAND+OOB OFFI@ +=ILDING

(29)

### 31.

HAND+OOB OFFI@ +=ILDING

6 P;D

Cir0+ati* Area

 o""ido"s sho#ld have an #no*st"#cted width of -:&&mm!  Level diffe"ences sho#ld *e *eveled!

 Th"esholds and g"atings sho#ld not *e mo"e that -&mm!

 P"ot"#ding o*ects 3mo"e that -&&mm fo"m the wall> to *e \$laced eithe" in a niche o"

a*ove %-&&mm fo"m the floo"!

 O\$en s\$aces *elow "am\$s escalato" and stai"s sho#ld *e *loc2ed o#t com\$letel, *,

\$"otective g#a"d "ails "aised c#"*s o" ma"2ed with a tactile s#"face! Dr

 Sho#ld \$"ovide a clea" o\$ening of 8&&mm!

 +e fitted with leve" action loc2s and D sha\$e handles of ci"c#la" section *etween :&&mm and -&&&mm fo"m floo" level!

 Also *e fitted with vision \$anels at least *etween 8&&mm and -'&&mm fo"m floo" level!

 +e colo#" cont"asted with the s#""o#nding walls and sho#ld not *e heavie" than %%N to o\$en!

 A distance of .&&mm to 1&&mm sho#ld *e \$"ovided *e,ond the leading edge of doo"

to ena*le a wheelchai" #se" to mane#ve" and to "each the handle!

 Bic2 \$lates a"e "ecommended (&&mm fo"m the *ottom to "esist wea" and tea"! A00e\$\$i4e Tiet

A minim#m of one toilet com\$a"tment with minim#m si/e of %&&& ) -4'&mm is "e0#i"ed on each floo" having all *a""ie" f"ee \$"ovisions! A00e\$\$i4e Li3t

A minim#m of one -( \$assenge" lift is "e0#i"ed having all *a""ie" f"ee \$"ovision!

HAND+OOB OFFI@ +=ILDING

(30)
(31)

### Year 0 No1e-&er' 2+

Thi! !ho""in\$ -all i! all acco--oate on one floor. Thi! i! i-"ortant to note !ince !ho""er! an -all 1i!itor! ha1e a tenenc3 to a1oi 1ertical -o1e-ent! an hence facilitie!4!ho"! on %""er le1el! o not \$et a! -%ch %!e a! tho!e in the lo5er le1el!.

Thi! al!o re-o1e! the challen\$e of i!a&le 1i!itor! ha1in\$ to &e acco--oate on the %""er le1el!.

INTRODUCTION

The "ro"o!al 5a! to e1elo" a -all to -eet to%ri!t! an al!o the "o"%lation of #ara\$%atat%&a an nei\$h&orin\$ citie! in the north coa!t of S6o Pa%lo.

The Serra-ar Sho""in\$ -all ha! 0

•++ !tore!' incl%in\$ anchor!' -e\$a!tore! an !atellite !tore! . •H3"er-ar7et.

•Ho-e center.

•foo co%rt 5ith fa!t net5or7! foo an re!ta%rant!' •fo%r -o1ie theater! an

•'+++ "ar7in\$ !"ace!.

To -eet the client! nee!' the -all ha! to &e -ae !%!taina&le !ho""in\$ -all financiall3' i.e. 5ith lo5 -aintenance co!t. !o' the architect! o"te for a \$ro%n floor location' no ele1ator! or e!calator!.

(32)

### LO#ATION

(RA9IL

#ARAGUATATU(A

SITE PLAN

(UILDING IE; ;ITH

RESPE#T TO SURROUNDING.

 Thi! !ho""in\$ -all i! locate in #ara\$%atat%&a' a !ea!ie to5n in S6o Pa%lo !tate' (ra)il

 The "ro"o!al for thi! "ro<ect 5a! to e1elo" a -all for to%ri!t! an al!o for the re!ient! in the Northern #oa!t of Sao Pa%lo State.

 #ara\$%atat%&a &ein\$ a coa!tal cit3' the fir!t a!"ect con!iere in the e!i\$n 5a! it! location. The lan on 5hich it i! &%ilt 5a! an %ne1elo"e re\$ion of the cit3 5ith front for a  &o%le1ar an an e=tra >++ -eter! off!et fro- the !ea.

 The !trea-' locate ne=t to the "ro<ect 5a! e="ane' -a7in\$ it a "lea!ant conte-"lation area to the \$reen.

 The fact of *eing in a seaside town with la"ge a"id t"eeless a"ea

(33)

### SITE #ONTE?T

MOUNTAINS

SEA SITE.

•limate C wa"m and h#mid! •Site C fo"me"l, an old fa"m ho#se!

•iew C Mo#ntains on N side K sea on S6@ of the site

st"eam on N6@ side!

•;ind di"ection C So#theast to No"th!

•F#t#"e conside"ations C e)\$ansion of highwa,

### N

•The mall was divided into *loc2s with a d,namic

de\$lo,ment that c"eates ga\$s *etween *#ildings and ens#"es c"oss ai" ci"c#lation ma2ing ma)im#m #se of nat#"al ventilation and the sea *"ee/e!

•The st"eam located ne)t to the \$"oect was e)\$anded

ma2ing it a \$leasant contem\$lation a"ea to the g"een!

(34)

### SITE PLAN

•The "ro1i!ion of fo%r entrance! into the -all en!%re! that there i! no con\$e!tion at an3\$i1en entrance. •Mo!t of the entrance! face the "ar7in\$' 5hile onl3 one face! the -ain roa .

•Thi! i! &eca%!e of the fact that -o!t "eo"le 1i!it !ho""in\$ -all in car! an hence' -o!t of the traffic i!

•E="ecte the -all fro- the "ar7in\$ lot. Re%ce! the i!tance of 5al7in\$ fro- their car to the in!ie of the -all. •i!itor! on foot on@t ha1e to \$o all the 5a3 to the "ar7in\$ in orer to acce!! the -all' a! the3 can &ranch off

the -ain roa an acce!! it irectl3 fro- here.

•An o"en !"ace inte\$rate 5ith nat%re conce"t 5a!

ao"te' ifferent fro- the conce"t of a clo!e -all.

•An o"ene \$ro%n floor -all 5ith "lante 5ooe

co%rt3ar! 5a! e1elo"e to co-"li-ent an hi\$hli\$ht the &each cli-ate.

(35)

PARKING

### SERRAMAR PAQUE SHOPPING MALL...

All the "ar7in\$ for Serra-ar i!  "ro1ie on one lot onl3.

There are -ore than +++  "ar7in\$ !"ace! in thi! facilit3.

it i! not "lace irectl3 in front of the -all facin\$ the -ain roa' &%t rather ha! &een

"lanne !%ch that' it i! not f%ll3 1i!i&le fro- the -ain roa. Ho5e1er' it i! !till near the entrance.

(36)

### The !ec%rit3 li\$ht! "ro1ie -a7e the "ar7in\$ lot !afe at ni\$ht.

#ano"3 "ro1iin\$ !hae for 5al7 fro- "ar7in\$ to -all &%ilin\$!.

(37)

(38)

### CIRCULATION

•The e=ternal circ%lation at Serra-ar i! 3na-ic an intere!tin\$'

%e to arran\$e-ent of the &%ilin\$ &loc7! of the -all.

•Dec7! are "ro1ie thro%\$ho%t the "lante internal !,%are!

&et5een the &loc7! for na1i\$ation an the!e ec7! are !hae &3  &a-&oo lo%1er!.

•Internall3' each &loc7 ho%!e! a !"ecific f%nction' an th%!

circ%lation i! "ro1ie !"ecificall3 for that

• &loc7 accorin\$ to it! f%nction.

Dec7! alon\$ the lan!ca"in\$ ' !hae 5ith lo%1er!

Dec2s \$"ovided fo" ci"c#lation in the \$lanted a"eas

•;e o"te for a noncli-ate of the corrior!' onl3 -echanical

1entilator! to enhance air circ%lation. The onl3 airCconitione area! are the foo co%rt an !ho"!. ;e %!e &a-&oo lo%1er! to !hae an "rotect &etter the circ%lation area!. The 3ello5i!h color of &a-&oo' alon\$ 5ith the 5oo tone! fo%n in internal !,%are! 5ere in!erte to ha1e a -ore inti-ate At-o!"here.

Recreational Facilities

There are fo%r cine-a!' a foo co%rt an inoor "la3 area!.

A"art fro- the!e' the -all ha! a lan!ca"e area 5here  "atron! can ta7e 5al7!' !it o5n an rela= a! the3

ta7e in the 1ie5! of the -o%ntain! an !trea- to the  North of the -all.

Se1eral 1ie5 area! ha1e &een "ro1ie a! "oint! to ta7e in the 1ie5! in the lan!ca"e area.

Ho5e1er' the inoor "la3 area! an the cine-a! on@t re,%ire the 1ie5! an thi! e="lain! their "lace-ent in the e!i\$n. The recreational acti1it3 in the!e t5o area! ta7e!  "lace 5ithin onl3.

(39)

### SERRAMAR PAQUE SHOPPING MALL...

•;e o"te for a noncli-ate of the corrior!' onl3 -echanical

1entilator! to enhance air circ%lation. The onl3 airCconitione area! are the foo co%rt an !ho"!. ;e %!e &a-&oo lo%1er! to !hae an "rotect &etter the circ%lation area!. The 3ello5i!h color of &a-&oo' alon\$ 5ith the 5oo tone! fo%n in internal !,%are! 5ere in!erte to ha1e a -ore inti-ate At-o!"here.

To fa1or the "anora-ic 1ie5 of the -o%ntain!' the foo co%rt i! o"en o%t of the -all' con!i!tin\$ of an enclo!e area 5ith tran!"arent \$la!!e! an heate' an an o%t!ie ec7 that allo5! a "lea!ant conte-"lation of !"ace to the -o%ntain!' an al!o to a !trea-.

### Food co#"t o#tdoo" dec2 sitting

All the foo area! ha1e &een !et at the North en of the -all.Thi! i! &eca%!e the &e!t 1ie5! of thi! !ite are to5ar! thi! irection 5here the -o%ntain! an the !trea- are 1i!i&le. Th%!' one i! a&le to rela= in the foo )one a! the3 ine or rin7 an thi! o%&le! a! a

recreational acti1it3.

%ct! >+ c- hei\$ht in the center of the \$aren! ca"t%re the air a! %ner\$ro%n %ct! carr3 air to each of the in!talle tote-! in co%rt3ar!. The e!i\$n of the!e tote-! i! e!i\$ne !o that the air flo5 oe! not reach the "eo"le at face le1el. The air -o1e-ent !"ee i! not hi\$h eno%\$h to ca%!e i!co-fort' &%t !%fficient to ca%!e the coolin\$ !en!ation of the &o3. In 3ar!' the 1entilation %ct! are &%rie in!ie the concrete &o=e! 5ith an o"enin\$ for air inta7e a&o1e the \$ro%n le1el.

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### LITERATURE STUDY

The area i! "rone to en\$%e' the &reain\$ \$ro%n for -o!,%itoe!

So the3 ecie to re-o1e the "lant! an en!%re the "eace of the c%!to-er!.

(ro-elia i! the !3-&ol of the cit3 an for thi! rea!on 5a! cho!en &3 lan!ca"in\$ tea-.

The "lant in it! nat%ral en1iron-ent ' a! the eco!3!te- that for-! in "lant tan7 oe! not allo5 the e1elo"-ent of the lar1ae of the -o!,%ito that tran!-it! en\$%e.

5ith &a-&oo roof! that -a7e the !ho""in\$ internal lan!ca"e an the 5oo on the ec7! of the !,%are! an in the o%ter area of the foo co%rt.

#on!ierin\$ the cli-atic conition! of the re\$ion' the architect!  "ro1ie! The!e &a-&oo cano"ie! ha1e i-"ortant f%nctional

characteri!tic! a! filter irect !%nli\$ht' en!%rin\$ a !hae area an -ini-i)in\$ the i-"act of i!co-fort in the ca!e of -ore hea13 rain a! it a1oi! irect !"la!hin\$ in the corrior!.

### LANDS#APING

"lant! li7e &a-&oo orchi!' \$in\$er Shell' Screen Aa- an A\$a"anto!' Al!o %!e in the lan!ca"in\$+

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### S@TIONS

S%n !hain\$ i! "ro1ie &3 !lantin\$ of the face! of Ea!t an ;e!t facin\$ facae! !%ch that the3 "rotr%e "a!t the 5ie 5ino5!. Thi! 7ee"! the for- !i-"le 5itho%t cl%tter in !%nC!hain\$ ele-ent! that 5o%l other5i!e !ee- too -%ch in the e!i\$n of a !ho""in\$ -all.

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## References

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