Standards for Shopping Mall Ppt

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STANDARDS FOR SHOPPING MALL

STANDARDS FOR SHOPPING MALL

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Significant dimension is along the mall as this involves the widths i!e!  f"ontages ofSignificant dimension is along the mall as this involves the widths i!e!  f"ontages of sto"es!

sto"es!

Often #sed s$aces a"e %& %' and (& ft! with the last the most fle)i*le !Often #sed s$aces a"e %& %' and (& ft! with the last the most fle)i*le ! STORE DEPTHS

STORE DEPTHS

+#ildings a"e #s#all, -%& to -.& +#ildings a"e #s#all, -%& to -.& ft dee$ sometimes ft dee$ sometimes mo"e to accommodate la"ge"mo"e to accommodate la"ge" sto"es !

sto"es !

If the"e a"e *asements o" me//anines the de$th If the"e a"e *asements o" me//anines the de$th dimension #s#all, dimension #s#all, can *e "ed#cedcan *e "ed#ced %& to %' $e"cent

%& to %' $e"cent CLEAR HEIGHTS CLEAR HEIGHTS

These va", f"om -& to -. fThese va", f"om -& to -. ft! o" mo"e with -% Ft! a good ave"age ! A*ove t! o" mo"e with -% Ft! a good ave"age ! A*ove this clea"this clea" height the"e m#st *e ade0#ate

height the"e m#st *e ade0#ate s$ace fo" ai" conditioning d#cts s$ace fo" ai" conditioning d#cts "ecessed lights"ecessed lights st"#ct#"al e s,stem etc!

st"#ct#"al e s,stem etc! P

PARKING AND ARKING AND TRAFFICTRAFFIC

A "atio of *etween ' and 1 cA "atio of *etween ' and 1 ca" s$aces $e" -&&& s0! ft! a" s$aces $e" -&&& s0! ft! of leasa*le sto"e a"ea isof leasa*le sto"e a"ea is mandato",!

mandato",!

In the matte" of $a"2ing la,o#t ca" stalls can *e set at angles 3sa, 4&5 to the lanesIn the matte" of $a"2ing la,o#t ca" stalls can *e set at angles 3sa, 4&5 to the lanes which then "e0#i"es one6wa, t"affic7 o" stalls can *e at 8&9 to

which then "e0#i"es one6wa, t"affic7 o" stalls can *e at 8&9 to the lanes $e"mittingthe lanes $e"mitting two6wa, t"affic!

two6wa, t"affic!

EFFECT OF DEPTH

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SHOPPING MALL...

SHOPPING MALL...

6.

6.

COLUMN SPACING COLUMN SPACING

Significant dimension is along the mall as this involves the widths i!e!  f"ontages ofSignificant dimension is along the mall as this involves the widths i!e!  f"ontages of sto"es!

sto"es!

Often #sed s$aces a"e %& %' and (& ft! with the last the most fle)i*le !Often #sed s$aces a"e %& %' and (& ft! with the last the most fle)i*le ! STORE DEPTHS

STORE DEPTHS

+#ildings a"e #s#all, -%& to -.& +#ildings a"e #s#all, -%& to -.& ft dee$ sometimes ft dee$ sometimes mo"e to accommodate la"ge"mo"e to accommodate la"ge" sto"es !

sto"es !

If the"e a"e *asements o" me//anines the de$th If the"e a"e *asements o" me//anines the de$th dimension #s#all, dimension #s#all, can *e "ed#cedcan *e "ed#ced %& to %' $e"cent

%& to %' $e"cent CLEAR HEIGHTS CLEAR HEIGHTS

These va", f"om -& to -. fThese va", f"om -& to -. ft! o" mo"e with -% Ft! a good ave"age ! A*ove t! o" mo"e with -% Ft! a good ave"age ! A*ove this clea"this clea" height the"e m#st *e ade0#ate

height the"e m#st *e ade0#ate s$ace fo" ai" conditioning d#cts s$ace fo" ai" conditioning d#cts "ecessed lights"ecessed lights st"#ct#"al e s,stem etc!

st"#ct#"al e s,stem etc! P

PARKING AND ARKING AND TRAFFICTRAFFIC

A "atio of *etween ' and 1 cA "atio of *etween ' and 1 ca" s$aces $e" -&&& s0! ft! a" s$aces $e" -&&& s0! ft! of leasa*le sto"e a"ea isof leasa*le sto"e a"ea is mandato",!

mandato",!

In the matte" of $a"2ing la,o#t ca" stalls can *e set at angles 3sa, 4&5 to the lanesIn the matte" of $a"2ing la,o#t ca" stalls can *e set at angles 3sa, 4&5 to the lanes which then "e0#i"es one6wa, t"affic7 o" stalls can *e at 8&9 to

which then "e0#i"es one6wa, t"affic7 o" stalls can *e at 8&9 to the lanes $e"mittingthe lanes $e"mitting two6wa, t"affic!

two6wa, t"affic!

EFFECT OF DEPTH

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STANDARDS

STANDARDS

DIFFERENT LEVELS OF A MALL DIFFERENT LEVELS OF A MALL

WHEN SAME LEVEL WHEN SAME LEVEL

WHEN MEZZANINE FLOOR WHEN MEZZANINE FLOOR

WHEN BASEMENT WHEN BASEMENT ADVERTISEMENT

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SHOPPING MALL...

SHOPPING MALL...

STANDARDS

STANDARDS

8.

8.

SHOP SIZES & LAYOUTS

SHOP SIZES & LAYOUTS

-% to -' ft wide *, '& to 1& ft long in la"ge cities 7 and-% to -' ft wide *, '& to 1& ft long in la"ge cities 7 and -' to -: ft! wide *, 1& to :& ft long in smalle" cities ! -' to -: ft! wide *, 1& to :& ft long in smalle" cities !

These dimensions a$$l, $a"tic#la"l, to sho$s in -&&These dimensions a$$l, $a"tic#la"l, to sho$s in -&& $e"cent "etail dist"icts !

$e"cent "etail dist"icts !

+asements : to 8 ft high in the clea" $e"mit+asements : to 8 ft high in the clea" $e"mit economical stoc2 sto"age !

economical stoc2 sto"age !

G"o#nd floo"s G"o#nd floo"s a"e $"a"e $"efe"a*l, a$$"o)imatelefe"a*l, a$$"o)imatel, -% ft , -% ft highhigh If no me//an

If no me//anine is incl#ded ine is incl#ded 7 me//anin7 me//anines es at least 4 ft1at least 4 ft1 inch a*ove floo" level will acc

inch a*ove floo" level will accommodate most fi)t#"ommodate most fi)t#"ee heights!

heights!

Height f"om me//anHeight f"om me//anine floo" to cine floo" to ceiling ma, *e as loweiling ma, *e as low as 1 ft1 in ! if #sed fo" se"vice s$ace onl, 7 4 ft is the as 1 ft1 in ! if #sed fo" se"vice s$ace onl, 7 4 ft is the $"efe""ed minim#m fo" $#*lic #se !

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STANDARDS

AISLE WIDTHS

Aisle ;idths Fo" cle"2s min ! < - ft: inch!

Desi"a*le % ft to % ft( inch

Fo" main $#*lic aisles min !< . ft1 inch

Avg!' ft1 inch to 4 ft7

=s#al ma)! - - ft!

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SHOPPING MALL...

10.

HIGH RETAIL SHOP

MEDIUM RETAIL SHOP PLAN

RETAIL STORE PLAN MEDIUM

DIFFERENT STORE UTILITY SHELVES

MECHANICAL SYSTEMS

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STANDARDS

The rati of sales to ancilla", s$ace "anges f"om a*o#t !"#"" in $%a $h'$ and de$a"tmental sto"es to ()#!) i* $+'er%ar,et$!

Pa**i*-Halls a"e #s#all, designed to give a la"ge6s$an o$en s$ace having

nat#"al "oof lighting good ventilation and se"vice connections!

One6floo" t"ading is $"efe""ed!

Pe"imete" stalls and othe" g"o#$ed la,o#ts have se"vice co""ido"s!

Fish meat and food stalls a"e sited in /oned a"eas with mo"e so$histicated ventilation d"ainage and se"vices! Key considerations:

 Access and linkage to car parks, shopping a"eas goods delive", and $a"2ing *a,s!

Mi) of t"ade"s!

Ris2 of fi"e 3incom*#sti*le mate"ials fi"e6"esistant const"#ction smo2e evac#ation>and means of esca$e!

Net areas Gross areas Staff facilities -&?-' $e" cent %'?(& $e"

cent Offices '?: $e" cent

 Additions to the net sales area

M@TRI HAND+OOB

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SHOPPING MALL...

12.

./Str+0t+ra %1e$ Width (m) Nte$

Small sho$s '!( to 1!& Mostl, '!. m

De$ending on *eam de$th!

Single6sto"e, *#ildings ?la"ge" s$ans La"ge6s$ace #se"s 4!( to 8!%

2/Cear 0eii*- Height(m) T +*1er$i1e 3 4ea%$

Small sho$s (!( to (!: Sales a"ea (!% to (!1 Non6sales a"ea

La"ge6s$ace #se"s (!1 min! ;ith floo"C floo" s$acing . to ' m

PLANNING GUIDELINES

!/T5'i0a 3r

a1i*-kN/m2

Sho$ sales a"ea '

Sho$ sto"age -& Design load fo"

se"vice ,a"d

%& 6/Car 'ar,i*- Car spaces per

100 m2 gross retail area S#$e"ma"2ets s#$e"sto"es -&6-% Sho$$ing cent"es .6' "/G1$ a*1 $er7i0e 10,$ m Notes T,$ical $"ovision fo" la"ge6s$ace #se" Two -' m a"tic#lated lo""iesC width -&!4 Allowing -!' m each side Minim#m clea"ance height .!4 A$$"oach "oad ? '!&& m

t5'e $ae$ area $ae$#a*0iar5 area small sho$s 3less than %:& m% sales a"ea> .'C''

De$a"tment sto"es

-&&&&6%& &&& m% .'C''!

a"iet, sto"es '&& to -' &&& m '&C'& S#$e"ma"2ets The sales a"eas of la"ge6s$ace #se"s

"ange f"om -&&& to %'&& m%

1&C.&

Superstores '&&& ? -& &&& m% of selling s$ace!

H,$e"ma"2ets at least %'&& m% sales floo" 1&C.& Sho$$ing cente"s %' &&& and '& &&& m% GLA

Retail $a"2s at least .'&& m% Staff facilities (general guide only)

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STANDARDS

IR=LATIONC6

O00+'a*05 Area 'er 'er$* :%2 ; Ove"all allowance fo" $#*lic a"eas in $#*lic6handling *#ildings %!( to %!:

;aiting a"eas -&& $e" cent standing no c"oss6flows 3e!g! lift lo**,>

&!' to &!1'

i"c#lating $eo$le in co""ido"s "ed#ced to halt *, O*st"#ction! &!% O00+'a*05 Area 'er 'er$* :%2 ;

Assem*l, halls 3closel, seated> !.1 E.'&mm cc mova*le seats !1&E'&&mm cc fi)ed seats Dancehalls !''to&!8&

Resta#"ants 3dining a"eas> !8& to -!-Retail sho$s and show"ooms .!1 to 4!&

De$a"tment sto"es *a/aa"s &!8 3incl#ding co#nte"s etc!> *a"gain sales a"eas &!.1 3gangwa, a"eas onl,>

Offices 8!( 3e)cl#ding stai"s and lavato"ies> Mi*i%+% area 'er 'er$* i* 7ari+$ t5'e$ 3 4+i1i*-$

Area 'er 'er$* t 4e a<e1 i* 7ari+$ 0ir0+ati* area$

O00+'a*05 Area 'er 'er$* :%2 ; Gene"al design $#"$oses &!:

Peo$le moving at good wal2ing $ace 3-!( ms> (!4

Peo$le moving at a sh#ffle 3&!. to &!8 ms>! &!%4 6 &!(4 Peo$le at a standstill d#e to o*st"#ction &!%

F< 0a'a0itie$ 3 0rri1r$ a*1 $tair0a$e$

M@TRI HAND+OOB

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STANDARDS

TURNING SPACE

Most wheelchai"s "e0#i"e a s$ace -!. m s0#a"e to t#"n a"o#nd! This dete"mines the minim#m si/e of lift ca"s and ci"c#lation s$aces in "ooms!

ESCALATORS AND PASSENGER CONVEYORS

or !loors a"o#e &' m — One refuge

area onthe floo" immediatel, a*ove (8 m and so on afte" eve", -' m! Ref#ge a"ea $"ovided in e)cess of the "e0#i"ements shall *e co#nted

towa"ds FAR!

;he"e the"e is a diffe"ence in level *etween connected a"eas fo"

ho"i/ontal e)its "am$s not mo"e than - in -& m slo$e shall *e $"ovided7 ste$s shall not *e #sed!

Doo"s in ho"i/ontal e)its shall *e o$ena*le at all times f"om *oth sides

M@TRI HAND+OOB

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SHOPPING MALL...

STANDARDS

16.

LIFT

ality *er#ice or Acceptable Interval  2 to 2! seconds +,cellent 

(& to (' secondsG1 (. to .& seconds Fair .' seconds Pr

Ove" .' seconds U*$ati$3a0tr5

NOT@ Fo" "esidential *#ildings longe" inte"vals sho#ld *e $e"missi*le!

M@TRI HAND+OOB

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NOT@S6

. -he total o#erhead dimension has "een calclated on the "asis o! car height o! 2.& m.

% In case of man#all, o$e"ated doo"s clea" ent"ance will *e "ed#ced *, the amo#nt of $"oection of

handle on the landing doo"!

( All dimensions given a*ove fo" lifts having cent"e o$ening $owe" o$e"ated doo"s with co#nte"weight

at "ea" a"e "ecommended dimensions $"ima"il, fo" a"chitects and *#ilding $lanne"s! An, va"iations

m#t#all, ag"eed *etween the man#fact#"e" and the $#"chase" a"e $e"mitted! Howeve" va"iation inC

a> a" inside dimensions shall *e within the ma)im#m a"ea limits s$ecified in acco"dance with

acce$ted standa"ds!

*> @nt"ance width on highe" side is $e"mitted!

c> @nt"ance width on lowe" side is $e"mitted #$ to -&&mm s#*ect to minim#m of 4&& mm!

$ imensions o! pit depth and o#erhead may di!!er in practice as per indi#idal man!actrers

design depending pon load speed and d"ive! Recommended dimensions fo" $it de$th ove"head and

machine6"oom fo" diffe"ent lift s$eeds a"e given in Ta*le -A!

Howeve" the $it de$th and ove"head shall *e s#ch as to confo"m to the "e0#i"ements of *ottom

clea"ance and to$ clea"ance in acco"dance with the acce$ted standa"ds!

M@TRI HAND+OOB

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SHOPPING MALL...

STANDARDS

17.

National +#ilding ode6 %&&'

It is "ecommended that smo2e e)ha#st e0#i$ment sho#ld have a minim#m ca$acit, of -% ai" changes $e" ho#"!

NOT@ The tta 00+'a*t$ f"om a $a"tic#la" floo" m#st evac#ate <ithi* 2 .2 %i*+te$ fo" T5'e . 0*$tr+0ti*

An, me"cantile *#ilding having a"ea %re tha* ")) %2 on each floo" shall have a %i*i%+% 3 t< $tair0a$e$! One is ma, *e enclosed t,$e and anothe" one is di"ectl, o$en to e)te"nal s#"face of *#ilding *loc2

LIFE SAFETY

Ge*era E@it Re>+ire%e*t$

An e)it ma, *e a doo"wa,7 co""ido" $assagewa,3s> to an inte"nal stai"case o" e)te"nal stai"case o" ho"i/ontal landing!

Lifts and escalato"s shall not *e conside"ed as e)its!

@ve", e)it e)it access o" e)it discha"ge shall *e contin#o#sl, maintained f"ee of all o*st"#ctions!

@)its shall *e clea"l, visi*le and the "o#te to "each the e)its shall *e clea"l, ma"2ed and signs $osted to g#ide the

occ#$ants of the floo" conce"ned!

Fi"e doo"s with % h fi"e "esistance shall *e $"ovided at a$$"o$"iate $laces along the esca$e "o#te!

Fi"e doo"s with % h fi"e "esistance shall *e $"ovided at a$$"o$"iate $laces along the esca$e "o#te

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STANDARDS

Grop  ercantile 3ildings

These shall incl#de an, *#ilding o" $a"t of a *#ilding which is #sed as sho$s sto"es ma"2et fo" dis$la, and sale of me"chandise eithe" wholesale o" "etail!

Me"cantile *#ildings shall *e f#"the" s#*6divided As followsC

S+4=1i7i$i* F=. Sho$s sto"es de$a"tmental sto"es ma"2ets with a"ea #$ to '&& s0mt! S+4=1i7i$i* F=2 Sho$s sto"es de$a"tmental sto"es ma"2ets with a"ea mo"e than '&& s0mt! S+4=1i7i$i* F=6 =nde"g"o#nd $h''i*- 0e*tre$! i re Z*e N/ - — "his shall co#prise areas having "esidential 3G"o#$ A> ed#cational 3G"o#$ +> instit#tional 3G"o#$ > and

assem*l, 3G"o#$ D> small *#siness 3S#*divisions @6- > and retai %er0a*tie :Gr+' F;

*#ildings o" mess which a"e #nde" develo$ment fo" s#ch occ#$ancies!

4estrictions on the "ype of $onstruction for %e&  'uildings

'uildings erected in ire *one %o + shall confo"m to const"#ction of T,$e - % ( o" .!

Fo" *#ildings -' m in height o" a*ove non6com*#sti*le mate"ials sho#ld *e #sed fo" const"#ction and othe"

mate"ial of const"#ction with minim#m of % h "ating!

A high "ise *#ilding d#"ing const"#ction shall*e $"ovided with the following fi"e $"otection meas#"es which shall *e maintained in g wo"2ing condition at all the timesC

a! D", "ise" of minim#m -&& mm diamete" $i$e with h,d"ant o#tlets on the floo"s const"#cted with a fi"e se"vice inlet to *oost the wate" in the d", "ise" and maintenance sho#ld *e as $e" the "e0#i"ements laid down in good $"actice!

*! D"#ms tilled with wate" of %&&& lit"es ca$acit, with two fiie *#c2ets on each floo"7 and

c! A wate" sto"age tan2 of minim#m %&&&& lit"es ca$acit, which ma, *e #sed fo" othe" const"#ction $#"$oses also!

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SHOPPING MALL...

STANDARDS

19.

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STANDARDS

R  Re0#i"ed NR  Not Re0#i"ed

%! Re0#i"ed to *e installed in *asement if a"ea of *asement e)ceed s%&& s0mt!

. !Additional val#e given in $a"enthesis shall *e added if *asement a"ea e)ceeds%&&s0mt!

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SHOPPING MALL...

21.

SANITARY INSTALLATIONS

M@TRI HAND+OOB

6 david alde"

Sanita", facilities fo" c#stome"s in sho$s and sho$$ing malls having a net sales a"ea mo"e than -&&& m% and ass#ming e0#al n#m*e"s of male and female c#stome"s!

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The "atio of fittings in male and female tiet$ $ha 4e 6#"8 3r e@a%'e8 . WC a*1 2Uri*a$ 3r %ae# " WC/$ 3r 3e%ae which is in acco"dance to the N@AJs OP@H!

Uri*a$

Individ#all, wall6h#ng #"inal #nits shall 4e at ea$t 6))%% <i1e and the li$ of the collection a"ea shall 're0t 3r% the <a 45 at ea$t 6))%%!

A #"inal sho#ld *t 4e $et 0$er tha* !")%% 3r% it$ 0e*tre t a*5 $i1e <a $a"tition vanit, o" othe" o*st"#ction o" 0$er tha* ))%% 0e*tre=t=0e*tre *etween adacent fi)t#"es!

The"e sho#ld *e at ea$t a ))%% 0eara*0e in f"ont of the #"inal to an, wall fi)t#"e o" doo"!

="inals sho#ld *e se$a"ated *, %1e$t5 4ar1$ 3 *t e$$ tha* 6))%% @ .9))%% :Hei-ht> to act as a vis#al *a""ie" *etween #"inals!

Wa$h Ba$i*$

;ash *asins sho#ld *e s#*stantial in si/e! The *asins sho#ld ha7e a %i*i%+% $i?e 3 "))%% i* e*-th a*1 !))%% i* <i1th ! Water C$et$ :WC$;

A WC $h+1 *t 4e $et 0$er tha* !")%% 3r% it$ 0e*tre t a*5 $i1e <a8 'artiti*8 7a*it5 r ther 4$tr+0ti*!

The"e sho#ld *e at ea$t a ))%% 0eara*0e in f"ont of the ; to an, wall fi)t#"e o" doo"!

s#$$l, a $"edete"mined 0#antit, of not %re tha* !/" itre$ 3 <ater 'er 3+$h a3ter ea0h +$e/

3a> Mechanical entilation

;he"e mechanical means a"e #sed fo" ventilation the"e sho#ld *e c"oss ventilation and the air e@0ha*-e rate $h+1 ha7e a %i*i%+% 3 ." air 0ha*-e$ 'er h+r/

The e@ha+$t air sho#ld *e discha"ged to the e)te"io" of the *#ilding at a '$iti* at ea$t 2 % a47e the 'a7e%e*t e7e a*1 at ea$t " % 3r% a*5 <i*1< r 3re$h air

i*ta,e/

3*> Nat#"al entilation

Fo" nat#"al ventilation s#ita*le f"esh ai" inlet g"illes shall *e $"ovided to ens#"e an

air e@0ha*-e rate 3 " air 0ha*-e$ 'er h+r!

E@a%'e$ 3 -1 %ateria$ 3r tiet$C 6 3a> Fr

Non6sli$ ce"amic tiles nat#"al stone homogeneo#s tiles te""a//o!

3*> Wa

e"amic tiles nat#"al stone homogeneo#s tiles stainless steel enamelled steel $anels glass *loc2 al#mini#m $anels $henolic cladding!

3c>

Ceii*-Mine"al fi*"e *oa"d fi*"o#s $laste" *oa"d Al#mini#m $anels o" st"i$s

=A G+i1e t Better P+4i0 Tiet De$i-* a*1 Mai*te*a*0e Thir1 E1iti* 2).6

(21)

SHOPPING MALL...

23.

Pr7i$i* 3 Fa0iitie$

3a> Soa$ Dis$ense"s 3*> Litte"*ins

3c> @lect"onic Hand6D",e"sPa$e" Towel Dis$ense"s 3d> Toilet Pa$e" Dis$ense"s

3e> Toilet Seat Saniti/e"sove"s 3f> ;ate" Ta$ Points within #*icles 3g> Ai" F"eshene"s

3h> ;  ="inal Saniti/e"s 3i> oat Hoo2s

3> leaning AttendantJs Sin2 K @0#i$ment Sto"ageS$ace Fr tiet$8 the 'r7i$i* 3 the

3<i*-+$er=3rie*15 3eat+re$ i$ $tr*-5 re0%%e*1e1/ 3a> Accessi*le Toilet

3*> Toilet fo" the Ostomates! 3c> +a*, Seats

3d> Dia$e" hanging Stations 3e> ="inals and ;Js fo" hild"en 3g> Signages fo" c#*icle doo"s 3h> F#ll6Length Mi""o"s

3i> ;aiting A"eas

L$0a'i*-The am*ience of $#*lic toilets can *e enhanced f#"the" *,C 3a> Int"od#cing $lants which can *e easil, maintained inside

the toilets as well as s#""o#nding the $#*lic toilets!

3*> Placing of wall $ict#"es and ill#minated with delicate lighting! The $ict#"es o" wall$a$e"s sho#ld *e wate"$"oof 3e!g! made of im$e"vio#s mate"ial>!

3c> Placing of o"naments o" sc#l$t#"es at the 5deadJ co"ne"s of the toilets!

5!!6set entrance ma7e 8ithot doors

irectional signage

=A G+i1e t Better P+4i0 Tiet De$i-* a*1 Mai*te*a*0e Thir1 E1iti* 2).6

(22)

=A G+i1e t Better P+4i0 Tiet De$i-* a*1 Mai*te*a*0e Thir1 E1iti* 2).6

(23)

SHOPPING MALL...

25.

AIR CONDITIONING8 HEATING AND MECHANICAL VENTILATION

PLANNING D@SIGN RIT@RIA 3F#ndamental Re0#i"ements>

The o*ect of installing ventilation and ai"

conditioning facilities in *#ildings shall *e to $"ovide conditions #nde" which $eo$le can live in comfo"t wo"2 safel, and efficientl,!

entilation and ai" conditioning installation shall

aim at cont"olling and o$timi/ing following facto"s in the *#ildingC a> Ai" $#"it, and filt"ation

*> Ai" movement

c> D",6*#l* tem$e"at#"e d> Relative h#midit, e> Noise and vi*"ation f> @ne"g, efficienc, and g> Fi"e safet,!

D=T SST@MS

lassification C

L< 're$$+re $5$te%$#

elocit,  -& ms static $"ess#"e  ' cm HO 3g> ! Me1i+% 're$$+re $5$te%$#

elocit,  -& ms static $"ess#"e  -' cm HO 3g>! Hi-h 're$$+re $5$te%$#

elocit,  -& ms static $"ess#"e -'$  %' cm HO 3g>!

Recommended ai" velocities de$end mainl, on the a$$lication And the noise c"ite"ia!

Re$i1e*0e$C ( ms to ' ms Theatre$C . to 1!' ms

(24)

hilled *eams a"e

$"edominantl, #sed fo" cooling and ventilating s$aces whe"e a good indoo" envi"onment and individ#al s$ace cont"ol is val#ed! hilled 4ea%$ +$e <ater t re%7e heat 3r% a r% and a"e located in the "oom s$ace!

hilled *eams a"e $"ima"il, #sed i* 0ati*$ <here the h+%i1it5 0a* 4e 0*tre1!

hilled *eam also s#$$lement the fle)i*le #se of availa*le s$ace at the same time as the high tem$e"at#"e cooling and low tem$e"at#"e heating ma)imi/ing the o$$o"t#nit, fo" f"ee cooling and heating!

O$e"ation of the chilled *eams is #sed whe"e the inte"nal

h#midit, loads a"e mode"ate the $"ima", ai" is deh#midified and an, infilt"ation th"o#gh the *#ilding is limited and cont"olled!

HAND+OOB OFFI@ +=ILDING

6 P;D

Chie1 Bea%

(25)

SHOPPING MALL...

27.

National +#ilding  ode6 %&&'

-&! To *e installed in enti"e *#ilding! 

--! TO *e installed in all floo"s at a$$"o$"iate $laces and in cons#ltation with local fi"e a#tho"ities!

-%! +#ilding a*ove (&% i* hei-ht *t t 4e 'er%itte1 3r Gr+' B8 Gr+' C8 Gr+' D a*1 Gr+' F 00+'a*0ie$/ -(! All #nde"g"o#nd sho$$ing a"eas sho#ld *e f#ll, ai"6conditioned!

Ge*era Re>+ire%e*t$ 3 A I*1i7i1+a O00+'a*0ie$ -ceptions and .eviations Occupation of 'uildings under $onstruction /a-i#u# 0eight 

loor Area 1atio

Open Spaces

/i-ed Occupancy 

Openings in Separating alls and loors

3ertical opening

ire Stop or nclosure of Openings lectrical Installations  Air4conditioning and 3entilation S#oke 3enting 5la6ing

(26)

Rai* Water

Har7e$ti*-Since Q#ne %&&- the Minist", of ="*an affai"s and Pove"t, Alleviation has made "ainwate" ha"vesting mandato", in all new *#ildings with a "oof a"ea of mo"e than -&& s0 m and in all $lots <ith a* area 3 %re tha* .))) $> % that a"e *eing develo$ed

BARRIER FREE PARAMETERS

To accommodate the $e"sons with disa*ilities and elde"l,! Few integ"al com$onents of the *#ilding design can *e $lanned following these conside"ations!

Ker4 Ra%'

 ;idth sho#ld not *e less than -%&&mm  =sef#l fo" a smooth t"ansition!

 Foot$ath fl#shed with "oadwa, at a g"adient not e)ceeding that -C-%!  ;a"ning st"i$ to *e $"ovided on the 2e"* side edge of the slo$e! Fth'ath

 O*st"#ction6f"ee fo" the convenience of all #se"s!

 Height of the foot$ath not to *e mo"e than -'& mm fo"m the "oad level!  hange in level on the foot$ath sho#ld *e made clea"l, visi*le!

 ;idth of the foot$ath sho#ld -:&& mm and minim#m clea" #no*st"#cted $ath sho#ld *e -%&& mm!  St"eet f#"nit#"e sho#ld *e $laced o#tside the $ath of t"avel!

 Re$ti*- Pa0e$ $h+1 4e 'r7i1e1 a*- tra7e r+te$/  Prtr+1i*- ee%e*t$ $h+1 4e a7i1e1/

 Bar1$ $h+1 4e .))) %% hi-h8 'ai*te1 i* 0*tra$ti*- 0+r $tri'e$ <ith 0ear minim#m ga$ of -%&& mm! Par,i*- Pa"2ing sho#ld *e within (& mete"s of the main ent"ance the *#ilding!

 Two accessi*le $a"2ing lots with dimension (1&&mm  '&&&mm!

 Inte"national s,m*ol of accessi*ilit, $ainted on the g"o#nd and also on a sign$ost*oa"d!  Di"ectional signs g#iding $eo$le to the accessi*le $a"2ing!

 ;heel sto$$e"s to *e $"ovided to

HAND+OOB OFFI@ +=ILDING

6 P;D

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SHOPPING MALL...

29.

Ra%'$

 Gentle slo$eC -C-% ma)! -:&& ) -:&& landing afte" 8m of t"avel distance!  ;idthC -:&&mm o" mo"e!

 Hand"ails to *e on *oth sides and at two levels ? 41&mm and 8&&mm! @)tend (&&mm *e,ond to$ and *ottom of "am$!

 ;a"ning tile sho#ld *e $laced at (&&mm *efo"e and the "am$ edges! Ste'$ a*1 Stair$

 =nifo"m "ise"s C -'&mm and t"eadC (&&mm!

 Stai" edges sho#ld have '&mm wide *"ight cont"ast colo#" *and!  Ma)im#m height of a flight *etween landings to *e -%&&mm!  Landing sho#ld *e -%&&mm clea" of an, doo" swing!

 The ste$s sho#ld have an #no*st"#cted width of at least -%&&mm!

 ontin#o#s hand"ails on *oth sides incl#ding the wall 3if an,> and at two levels ? 41&mm and 8&&mm!

 ;a"ning tile to *e $laced (&&mm at the *eginning and at the end of all stai"s!  Nosing sho#ld *e avoided!

Ha*1rai$

Hand"ails G"a* *a"s a"e e)t"emel, im$o"tant feat#"es and m#st *e designed to *e eas, to g"as$ and to $"ovide a fi"m and comfo"ta*le g"i$ so that the hand can slide along the "ail witho#t o*st"#ction!

Hand"ails sho#ld *e ci"c#la" with a diamete" of (:mm at least '&mm clea" two levels ? 41&mm and 8&&mm fo"m the finished floo" e)tend *, at least (&&mm!

G"a* *a"s sho#ldC 6

 +e sli$6"esistant with "o#nd ends7

 Have a ci"c#la" section of (:6'& mm in diamete"7  +e f"ee of an, sha"$ o" a*"asive elements7

 Have contin#o#s g"i$$ing s#"faces witho#t inte""#$tions o" o*st"#ctions that can *"ea2 a hand hold7

HAND+OOB OFFI@ +=ILDING

(28)

Have a minim#m clea" s$ace of '& mm f"om the wall7

+e installed at a height of 41& mm to 8&& mm

Ta0tie S+r3a0e#=

Li*e=t5'e 40,$ :G+i1i*- tie;# i*1i0ate the 0rre0t 'ath r+te t 3</

Dt=t5'e 40,$ :War*i*- Tie;# i*1i0ate <ar*i*- $i-*a8 t $0ree* 33 4$ta0e$8 1r'$ ? offs o" othe" ha/a"ds to

disco#"age movement in an inco""ect di"ection and to wa"n of a co"ne" o" #nction!

These tiles shall *e $laced (&&mm at the *eginning and end of the "am$s stai"s and ent"ance to an, doo"!

HAND+OOB OFFI@ +=ILDING

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SHOPPING MALL...

31.

HAND+OOB OFFI@ +=ILDING

6 P;D

Cir0+ati* Area

 o""ido"s sho#ld have an #no*st"#cted width of -:&&mm!  Level diffe"ences sho#ld *e *eveled!

 Th"esholds and g"atings sho#ld not *e mo"e that -&mm!

 P"ot"#ding o*ects 3mo"e that -&&mm fo"m the wall> to *e $laced eithe" in a niche o"

a*ove %-&&mm fo"m the floo"!

 O$en s$aces *elow "am$s escalato" and stai"s sho#ld *e *loc2ed o#t com$letel, *,

$"otective g#a"d "ails "aised c#"*s o" ma"2ed with a tactile s#"face! Dr

 Sho#ld $"ovide a clea" o$ening of 8&&mm!

 +e fitted with leve" action loc2s and D sha$e handles of ci"c#la" section *etween :&&mm and -&&&mm fo"m floo" level!

 Also *e fitted with vision $anels at least *etween 8&&mm and -'&&mm fo"m floo" level!

 +e colo#" cont"asted with the s#""o#nding walls and sho#ld not *e heavie" than %%N to o$en!

 A distance of .&&mm to 1&&mm sho#ld *e $"ovided *e,ond the leading edge of doo"

to ena*le a wheelchai" #se" to mane#ve" and to "each the handle!

 Bic2 $lates a"e "ecommended (&&mm fo"m the *ottom to "esist wea" and tea"! A00e$$i4e Tiet

A minim#m of one toilet com$a"tment with minim#m si/e of %&&& ) -4'&mm is "e0#i"ed on each floo" having all *a""ie" f"ee $"ovisions! A00e$$i4e Li3t

A minim#m of one -( $assenge" lift is "e0#i"ed having all *a""ie" f"ee $"ovision!

HAND+OOB OFFI@ +=ILDING

(30)
(31)

SERRAMAR PAQUE SHOPPING MALL...

LITERATURE STUDY

Architect: Aflalo an Ga!"erini Architect!

Location:#ara$%atat%&a' Sao Pa%lo' (ra)il

(%ilt Area: *+'*+** !,-.

Site Area: /'+++ !,-.

Year 0 No1e-&er' 2+

Thi! !ho""in$ -all i! all acco--oate on one floor. Thi! i! i-"ortant to note !ince !ho""er! an -all 1i!itor! ha1e a tenenc3 to a1oi 1ertical -o1e-ent! an hence facilitie!4!ho"! on %""er le1el! o not $et a! -%ch %!e a! tho!e in the lo5er le1el!.

Thi! al!o re-o1e! the challen$e of i!a&le 1i!itor! ha1in$ to &e acco--oate on the %""er le1el!.

INTRODUCTION

The "ro"o!al 5a! to e1elo" a -all to -eet to%ri!t! an al!o the "o"%lation of #ara$%atat%&a an nei$h&orin$ citie! in the north coa!t of S6o Pa%lo.

The Serra-ar Sho""in$ -all ha! 0

•++ !tore!' incl%in$ anchor!' -e$a!tore! an !atellite !tore! . •H3"er-ar7et.

•Ho-e center.

•foo co%rt 5ith fa!t net5or7! foo an re!ta%rant!' •fo%r -o1ie theater! an

•'+++ "ar7in$ !"ace!.

To -eet the client! nee!' the -all ha! to &e -ae !%!taina&le !ho""in$ -all financiall3' i.e. 5ith lo5 -aintenance co!t. !o' the architect! o"te for a $ro%n floor location' no ele1ator! or e!calator!.

(32)

LITERATURE STUDY

LO#ATION

(RA9IL

#ARAGUATATU(A

SITE PLAN

(UILDING IE; ;ITH

RESPE#T TO SURROUNDING.

 Thi! !ho""in$ -all i! locate in #ara$%atat%&a' a !ea!ie to5n in S6o Pa%lo !tate' (ra)il

 The "ro"o!al for thi! "ro<ect 5a! to e1elo" a -all for to%ri!t! an al!o for the re!ient! in the Northern #oa!t of Sao Pa%lo State.

 #ara$%atat%&a &ein$ a coa!tal cit3' the fir!t a!"ect con!iere in the e!i$n 5a! it! location. The lan on 5hich it i! &%ilt 5a! an %ne1elo"e re$ion of the cit3 5ith front for a  &o%le1ar an an e=tra >++ -eter! off!et fro- the !ea.

 The !trea-' locate ne=t to the "ro<ect 5a! e="ane' -a7in$ it a "lea!ant conte-"lation area to the $reen.

 The fact of *eing in a seaside town with la"ge a"id t"eeless a"ea

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LITERATURE STUDY

SERRAMAR PAQUE SHOPPING MALL...

SITE #ONTE?T

MOUNTAINS

SEA SITE.

•limate C wa"m and h#mid! •Site C fo"me"l, an old fa"m ho#se!

•iew C Mo#ntains on N side K sea on S6@ of the site

st"eam on N6@ side!

•;ind di"ection C So#theast to No"th!

•F#t#"e conside"ations C e)$ansion of highwa,

N

•The mall was divided into *loc2s with a d,namic

de$lo,ment that c"eates ga$s *etween *#ildings and ens#"es c"oss ai" ci"c#lation ma2ing ma)im#m #se of nat#"al ventilation and the sea *"ee/e!

•The st"eam located ne)t to the $"oect was e)$anded

ma2ing it a $leasant contem$lation a"ea to the g"een!

(34)

LITERATURE STUDY

SITE PLAN

•The "ro1i!ion of fo%r entrance! into the -all en!%re! that there i! no con$e!tion at an3$i1en entrance. •Mo!t of the entrance! face the "ar7in$' 5hile onl3 one face! the -ain roa .

•Thi! i! &eca%!e of the fact that -o!t "eo"le 1i!it !ho""in$ -all in car! an hence' -o!t of the traffic i!

•E="ecte the -all fro- the "ar7in$ lot. Re%ce! the i!tance of 5al7in$ fro- their car to the in!ie of the -all. •i!itor! on foot on@t ha1e to $o all the 5a3 to the "ar7in$ in orer to acce!! the -all' a! the3 can &ranch off

the -ain roa an acce!! it irectl3 fro- here.

•An o"en !"ace inte$rate 5ith nat%re conce"t 5a!

ao"te' ifferent fro- the conce"t of a clo!e -all.

•An o"ene $ro%n floor -all 5ith "lante 5ooe

co%rt3ar! 5a! e1elo"e to co-"li-ent an hi$hli$ht the &each cli-ate.

(35)

LITERATURE STUDY

PARKING

SERRAMAR PAQUE SHOPPING MALL...

All the "ar7in$ for Serra-ar i!  "ro1ie on one lot onl3.

There are -ore than +++  "ar7in$ !"ace! in thi! facilit3.

it i! not "lace irectl3 in front of the -all facin$ the -ain roa' &%t rather ha! &een

 "lanne !%ch that' it i! not f%ll3 1i!i&le fro- the -ain roa. Ho5e1er' it i! !till near the entrance.

(36)

All the "ar7in$ !"ace!

are an$le' !et o%t at a

/+o an$le.

Yello5 roa "aint ha!

 &een %!e to e-arcate

 "ar7in$ !"ace! 5hile a

$ro%" of "ar7in$ lot! on

the !a-e !tretch i!

!e"arate &3 a "lante

c%r&

that al!o hol!

the !ec%rit3 li$ht!.

The 5oo cano"3 "ro1ie for the "a1e-ent fro- the

 "ar7in$ lot to the -all &%ilin$! -a7e! the 5al7 co-forta&le

a5a3 fro- the !%n! heat.

The -aterial! %!e on thi! "iece i.e. are 5oo an concreteB'

a&!or& the heat reflecte &3 the "ar7in$ lot@! a!"halt an th%!

-a7in$ thi! cano"3 co-forta&le.

There i! the %!e of !i$n! to enhance ,%ic7 flo5 of traffic an

a1oi accient! an conf%!ion in the "ar7in$ lot.

The !ec%rit3 li$ht! "ro1ie -a7e the "ar7in$ lot !afe at ni$ht.

#ano"3 "ro1iin$ !hae for 5al7 fro- "ar7in$ to -all &%ilin$!.

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LITERATURE STUDY

SERRAMAR PAQUE SHOPPING MALL...

Th"ee wooded co#"t,a"ds we"e designed! In the $leasant o#tdoo" s$ace

co#"t,a"ds also ens#"e the"mal comfo"t within the *loc2s!

PLAN

(38)

LITERATURE STUDY

CIRCULATION

•The e=ternal circ%lation at Serra-ar i! 3na-ic an intere!tin$'

%e to arran$e-ent of the &%ilin$ &loc7! of the -all.

•Dec7! are "ro1ie thro%$ho%t the "lante internal !,%are!

 &et5een the &loc7! for na1i$ation an the!e ec7! are !hae &3  &a-&oo lo%1er!.

•Internall3' each &loc7 ho%!e! a !"ecific f%nction' an th%!

circ%lation i! "ro1ie !"ecificall3 for that

• &loc7 accorin$ to it! f%nction.

Dec7! alon$ the lan!ca"in$ ' !hae 5ith lo%1er!

Dec2s $"ovided fo" ci"c#lation in the $lanted a"eas

•;e o"te for a noncli-ate of the corrior!' onl3 -echanical

1entilator! to enhance air circ%lation. The onl3 airCconitione area! are the foo co%rt an !ho"!. ;e %!e &a-&oo lo%1er! to !hae an "rotect &etter the circ%lation area!. The 3ello5i!h color of &a-&oo' alon$ 5ith the 5oo tone! fo%n in internal !,%are! 5ere in!erte to ha1e a -ore inti-ate At-o!"here.

Recreational Facilities

There are fo%r cine-a!' a foo co%rt an inoor "la3 area!.

A"art fro- the!e' the -all ha! a lan!ca"e area 5here  "atron! can ta7e 5al7!' !it o5n an rela= a! the3

ta7e in the 1ie5! of the -o%ntain! an !trea- to the  North of the -all.

Se1eral 1ie5 area! ha1e &een "ro1ie a! "oint! to ta7e in the 1ie5! in the lan!ca"e area.

Ho5e1er' the inoor "la3 area! an the cine-a! on@t re,%ire the 1ie5! an thi! e="lain! their "lace-ent in the e!i$n. The recreational acti1it3 in the!e t5o area! ta7e!  "lace 5ithin onl3.

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LITERATURE STUDY

SERRAMAR PAQUE SHOPPING MALL...

•;e o"te for a noncli-ate of the corrior!' onl3 -echanical

1entilator! to enhance air circ%lation. The onl3 airCconitione area! are the foo co%rt an !ho"!. ;e %!e &a-&oo lo%1er! to !hae an "rotect &etter the circ%lation area!. The 3ello5i!h color of &a-&oo' alon$ 5ith the 5oo tone! fo%n in internal !,%are! 5ere in!erte to ha1e a -ore inti-ate At-o!"here.

To fa1or the "anora-ic 1ie5 of the -o%ntain!' the foo co%rt i! o"en o%t of the -all' con!i!tin$ of an enclo!e area 5ith tran!"arent $la!!e! an heate' an an o%t!ie ec7 that allo5! a "lea!ant conte-"lation of !"ace to the -o%ntain!' an al!o to a !trea-.

OOD #OURTS

Food co#"t o#tdoo" dec2 sitting

All the foo area! ha1e &een !et at the North en of the -all.Thi! i! &eca%!e the &e!t 1ie5! of thi! !ite are to5ar! thi! irection 5here the -o%ntain! an the !trea- are 1i!i&le. Th%!' one i! a&le to rela= in the foo )one a! the3 ine or rin7 an thi! o%&le! a! a

recreational acti1it3.

%ct! >+ c- hei$ht in the center of the $aren! ca"t%re the air a! %ner$ro%n %ct! carr3 air to each of the in!talle tote-! in co%rt3ar!. The e!i$n of the!e tote-! i! e!i$ne !o that the air flo5 oe! not reach the "eo"le at face le1el. The air -o1e-ent !"ee i! not hi$h eno%$h to ca%!e i!co-fort' &%t !%fficient to ca%!e the coolin$ !en!ation of the &o3. In 3ar!' the 1entilation %ct! are &%rie in!ie the concrete &o=e! 5ith an o"enin$ for air inta7e a&o1e the $ro%n le1el.

 NATURAL #OOLING

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LITERATURE STUDY

The area i! "rone to en$%e' the &reain$ $ro%n for -o!,%itoe!

So the3 ecie to re-o1e the "lant! an en!%re the "eace of the c%!to-er!.

(ro-elia i! the !3-&ol of the cit3 an for thi! rea!on 5a! cho!en &3 lan!ca"in$ tea-.

The "lant in it! nat%ral en1iron-ent ' a! the eco!3!te- that for-! in "lant tan7 oe! not allo5 the e1elo"-ent of the lar1ae of the -o!,%ito that tran!-it! en$%e.

5ith &a-&oo roof! that -a7e the !ho""in$ internal lan!ca"e an the 5oo on the ec7! of the !,%are! an in the o%ter area of the foo co%rt.

#on!ierin$ the cli-atic conition! of the re$ion' the architect!  "ro1ie! The!e &a-&oo cano"ie! ha1e i-"ortant f%nctional

characteri!tic! a! filter irect !%nli$ht' en!%rin$ a !hae area an -ini-i)in$ the i-"act of i!co-fort in the ca!e of -ore hea13 rain a! it a1oi! irect !"la!hin$ in the corrior!.

#OURT YARDS

LANDS#APING

 "lant! li7e &a-&oo orchi!' $in$er Shell' Screen Aa- an A$a"anto!' Al!o %!e in the lan!ca"in$+

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SE#TION CA

S@TIONS

S%n !hain$ i! "ro1ie &3 !lantin$ of the face! of Ea!t an ;e!t facin$ facae! !%ch that the3 "rotr%e "a!t the 5ie 5ino5!. Thi! 7ee"! the for- !i-"le 5itho%t cl%tter in !%nC!hain$ ele-ent! that 5o%l other5i!e !ee- too -%ch in the e!i$n of a !ho""in$ -all.

LITERATURE STUDY

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LITERATURE STUDY

ELEATIONS

MAIN ENTRY ROADSIDE IE;

The coatings of the *loc2s a"e

sim$le with te)t#"ed $asta

s$ecial and the details coated

with *"own co""#gated sheet

metal!

Figure

Updating...

References

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