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ANNUAL REPORT Monteverde. Conservation. League. Children s. Eternal. Rainforest


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Monteverde, Costa Rica

February 02, 2013





February 02, 2013

Monteverde, Costa Rica































Photo Credits: Wendy Brenes, Lady Garita, Eduin Méndez, Giselle Rodríguez, Luis A. Solano. Collaboration with translations: Wendy Brenes, Bob Law, Luis D. Villalobos.



“The Monteverde Conservation League is a non-profit organization. Its mission is to

preserve, conserve, and rehabilitate tropical ecosystems and their biodiversity.”


The conservation, defense, and recuperation of the nation’s natural resources,

including its soils, water, air, flora, and fauna.

The recovery and protection of the physical, biological, and cultural environment.

Seeking an adequate equilibrium and healthy coexistence between human

beings and nature.

Values and Principles

Biodiversity includes

“not only the diversity of species of plants and animals but also

the varieties that exist within the same species. Human beings form a part of

biodiversity including their racial and cultural variations.”

“Human beings are an important component in the ecosystem they inhabit because

they depend directly on the soil, water, air, plants and other species. At the same time,

the stability of these ecosystems depends to a large extent on how human beings and

the other components interact.”

“The primary interest of this association is to offer future generations an improved

natural heritage and an environmental framework that minimizes contamination.”

“…you will only achieve your mission and objectives if you have the support and help of

the users of natural resources in the mentioned areas, therefore their understanding of

the importance and value of the natural richness of our country is essential.”

“…you will seek the collaboration of and offer our collaboration to the distinct

governmental or private institutions, municipalities, and other physical or judicial

persons both national and foreign, whose goals are similar to those of the association.”



27 years ago, a group of Monteverde Community members got together to create an organization focused on tropical biodiversity preservation and the proper balance between society and the natural environment and decided to call this organization Monteverde Conservation League (MCL). A few months later, its main project, the Children's Eternal Rainforest (CER), was born; this project is now the largest private reserve in Costa Rica.

As we do every year, this year we share with you important management aspects of the 2012 period, which continue marking our path.

The continuing protection and maintenance programs of CER, are the main meaning for forest preservation in perpetuity or the restoration of an ecosystem damaged by the indiscriminate use of the natural resources, during the existence of this protected area, these important programs have been a parallel and insoluble development for CER’s consolidation. Also in terms of protected areas management, is important to emphasize the need to continue to grow responsibly and with the firm intention of securing the resources protected. This growth can be achieved mainly with land purchases and in this period that we managed to purchase a 12.5 acre property to add it to the vast extension of CER. This land represents a strategic area, in both a very fragile ecosystem and important for the consolidation of the northwest region of CER, an area known as San Gerardo. This purchase was possible through the support of Friends of the Children's Eternal Rainforest (FCER) and Kinderregenwald Deutschland e. V, among others.

Another program attended to in 2012 has to do with ecotourism in CER. This program allowed 6,500 people to access CER’s ecotourism services, therefore allowing them to learn more about our efforts and contribute to conservation, because approximately 50% of the payment goes directly to the protection and conservation of this protected area. We also have worked on improving the conditions of these services for the convenience and safety of visitors, always trying to provide a quality service without compromising the natural resources in these areas. Some of those improvements made were: at Bajo del Tigre Visitors Center: building a kiosk and lookout point, improving trails, painting infrastructures, building and operating a gray water treatment plant, and others; at San Gerardo Station: completion of an on-site, 9KW micro hydro project, replacing internal electric wires in the station, improving trails, among others, at Pocosol station: improvements to the access road to the station, construction of a gray water treatment plant, improved signage, and improved trails, among others, at Finca Steller Centre: trail improvements and painting buildings, among others.

Undoubtedly, the environmental education program has been more dynamic, initially because of the opportunity to receive an anonymous donation that allowed its funding in the Atlantic sector of CER for five years, joining various efforts made by MCL staff to develop environmental education activities, both within the Bellbird Biological Corridor and Bosqueterno S.A. fund, among other educational activities. This will definitely contribute to the growth of environmental education actions around CER.

In conclusion, it is important to mention the excellent relationship maintained between the Administration and the Board of Directors. Times of crisis are coming, but to bear the burden of an organization as diverse as this one requires the full support of a Board and the support received from all the staff members that make up this organization, where each member and collaborator fulfills their commitments and creates innovations to improve our work.


For more details on what is stated in this brief introduction and other issues not listed, the following summary of the annual work of Monteverde Conservation League is presented.


Yúber Rodríguez





The Board of Directors met for about one hundred hours this year, over the course of fourteen meetings. I am grateful to all the board members for their patient, thorough, and focused discussion of numerous important, and sometimes complicated, issues. Our secretary Joe Stuckey again deserves special credit for his exceptionally detailed and clear minutes. Executive director Yúber Rodríguez participated in all of our meetings. He provided extensive written and verbal reports that kept us up-to-date on MCL's day-to-day affairs, and he also contributed valuable insight during our discussions of numerous board-level issues.

During planning sessions in 2011, the board defined MCL's goals under three broad categories: 1) Land purchase and protection; 2) Education and community outreach; and 3) Research. During 2012, we have moved forward in these areas. Donations through our fund-raising U.S. sister organization, Friends of the Children's Eternal Rainforest (FCER), enabled us to purchase another critical property for conservation this year. The 5 hectare property is very close to the San Gerardo field station and borders another 5 hectare property that we bought last year. Together, these purchases preserve a 10 hectare "hole" in the CER that had been a top conservation priority for the MCL for many years. Most of the funds used for this purchase were raised in campaigns by the company New Chapter, with the support of the U.S. supermarket chain Whole Foods. Thus, we would like once again to express our profound gratitude to Tom Newmark, owner (until recently) of New Chapter, and Michael Besancon of Whole Foods.

Thanks to an anonymous local donation late last year, an education program has started to take shape in the region of La Tigra. Details of this initiative are summarized elsewhere in this collection of reports, but we would like to take this opportunity to thank Paul Skilton-Sylvestor for volunteering countless hours earlier in the year to explore opportunities for this program - and to Wendy Brenes for all her help in this process. We would also like to acknowledge our new environmental educator, Lady Garita, for the great job she is doing bringing this program to life.

The third area - fomenting more scientific research in the CER - is a goal that cannot be achieved overnight, but we have taken some initial steps this year. The board interviewed members of the scientific community, and their feedback will provide the basis for ongoing discussion regarding how to attract researchers to the CER. We are also excited about a partnership, brokered by FCER, with the Montessori Institute for the Science of Peace: we are developing a program in which regular groups of Montessori students would be working with local researchers to generate basic, long-term data on the flora, fauna and related themes of the CER.

Without question, the number one challenge facing the MCL is the need to improve the organization's financial sustainability. We have spent time this year brainstorming and analyzing ways to strengthen the organization's existing sources of income, as well as identify new ways to generate funds. MCL staff also met to share thoughts on this subject, and their ideas have been incorporated into our analysis. This process is ongoing; continuing it, and putting analysis into action, will be a top priority over the coming months. Attention to our relationship with FCER has and will continue to be an important part of this effort.

It is necessary for boards to distinguish clearly where their own responsibilities end and administrative responsibilities begin. I feel that this board has managed to do that very well. Occasionally, however, issues arise that bridge both the administration's and the board's responsibilities, and one such issue presented itself towards the end of this year. In 2005, the General Assembly approved a motion that authorized MCL guards to carry firearms. The motion reads as follows:

"Jorge Maroto presents a motion with the intention of supporting our guards, allowing them to add to their work tools including the option of carrying firearms. The board and the administration assume the responsibility of overseeing training in the use of firearms, the resolution of high-tension conflicts, and will contemplate and address the legal and


moral implications of this decision. In addition, the board and the administration will define the regulations under which this policy will be implemented. The motion is supported by Julia Matamoros."

Due to the complexity and cost of this process, it wasn't until a few months ago that Yúber announced to the board that implementation of the measure was imminent: MCL's guards have received firearms training and undergone the required psychological exams, and a draft of regulations has been written. The announcement detonated a board analysis of "the legal and moral implications of this decision" - as stipulated in the 2004 motion. After much discussion, the board has concluded that the only responsible way to "address" the far-reaching legal and moral implications of this decision is to present a summary of them in this year's General Assembly and have the whole, newly-informed Assembly vote either to accept or to reject these implications - by either ratifying or overturning the decision to allow MCL guards to carry firearms.

We hope that as many of you as possible will come to the General Assembly meeting in Pocosol on the 2nd of February in order to hear this summary, share your own perspectives, and vote on this and many other important issues.

Whatever the outcome of this new vote may be, we would like all of MCL's staff to know that we have deepest respect for them. We know that they make sacrifices on a regular basis - a daily basis even - that go well beyond what they are paid for. In the incredible conservation story of this organization, they are the greatest heroes.

Mark Wainwright



For the past several years, the Monteverde Conservation League has applied the lessons learned from the difficult period of 15 to 20 years ago. That is to say, one should not budget and spend borrowed money assuming that next year’s income will be higher or that donations will increase substantially.

Therefore, if the economic indicators project less income one needs to reduce expenditures. For several years the environmental services payments paid by the government have increased substantially, but for the last two years there has been a tendency for the new contracts to be for less land, which means less income.

For this coming year there was a substantial reduction in the number of hectares allotted to the MCL as indicated in the table below, which compares the 2012 income and projected 2013 income for environmental service payments, as well as other sources of income. We hope to increase our income from existing sources, but realistically these will not cover the shortfall. The accounting department has presented a budget for 2013 based upon the assumption that our total income will be reduced by 11%. During 2012 we have received donations to specifically improve the infrastructure of our facilities utilized by national and international visitors. These improvements include buildings, trails, points of interest, written and audiovisual materials, and guided tours. We hope to attract more visitors by offering a more interesting and educational experience.

How can we maintain a high level of services and forestry protection with fewer resources?

There are increased numbers of members and others offering to volunteer their services. In many cases, their length of service is too short to compensate for the training time invested by a paid employee, but there are some who have experience and wish to volunteer for more than a month.

The employees have been contributing time to projects outside their normal activities. We have been discussing new sources of income based upon the infrastructure that we have or by developing new products and services, but many of them require large investments to implement. In the coming months these ideas must be carefully analyzed and if practical, put into practice.

I wish to thank the personnel, members of the League, volunteers, and visitors who have offered suggestions on improving the efficiency of our infrastructure and organization, thereby increasing our ability to protect the Children's Eternal Rainforest.

Table 1. 2012 Income and projected 2013 Income

Source of Income 2012 in colones Projected 2013 in colones

Environmental Service Payments 132,613,991.14 91,000,000.00

Sales of Souvenirs,

Services in Stations, Trails, Guides, Talks, etc.

83,124,447.33 88,350,000

Restricted Donations, Non-Restricted Donations. Membership Fees, etc.

25,961,771.00 35,170,000.00

Interest income 142,704.00 150,000.00


Table 2. 2012 Expenses and Projected 2013 Expenses

Reason for Expense 2012 in colones Projected 2013 in colones Employees: including medical

insurance, vacation pay, fund for severance pay etc. 150,209,583.29 134,608,892.51

Office rent, maintenance of buildings and vehicles,

water, electricity, telephones etc. 26,914,534.85 26,186,000.00

Consumables: paper, ink, cleaning supplies etc. 1,067,312.18 2,175,000.00

Bank interest 7,222,697.00 7,510,000.00

Area expenses: courses, costs for stations, Bajo del Tigre etc.

37,957,307.54 35,700,000.00

Projects: land, legal expenses, surveying,

infrastructure, Environmental Education etc. 8,504,306.00 8,190,000.00

Vehicle purchase 3,182,817.00 -

Debt service 751,434.30

-Total expenses 235,809,992.16 214,269,892.51

Bobbie W. Law



Good morning, it is my responsibility to give a report to this assembly about MCL’s work and its obligations, as following:

Social security:

Regarding MCL’s obligations with the Social Security, MCL was investigated for possible non-payment for SICERE ACL-CCSS, but MCL was declared innocent.

National Insurance Institute:

MCL is working correctly according to occupational risk responsibility, this payment is made semi annually and the last payment was made in October last year, so we are up to date.

Regarding the civil risk insurance policy for Bajo del Tigre trails, it was paid in September and is up to date.


Salaries are adjusted to the salary scales of the Ministry of Labor (Ministerio de Trabajo). Those are adjusted every six months to increase them as the Costa Rican government has established by law. This is done in January and July of each year.

MCL does not pay income taxes or the new yearly tax on corporations because it is an Association not a for-profit corporation.

Regarding Public Utility, we have maintained our status, the procedures that the government requests are made between February and March, so it is also up to date.

Legal facts/situation

Currently, MCL’s has several outstanding lawsuits, one in the Administrative Court and the Treasury (Respondents), one in San Carlos Agrarian Court (actors), one in Puntarenas Agrarian Court (Respondent), one in appeals proceedings (actors), one in Civil Court (traffic violation), and another in Criminal Court (actors) and several pending in injunctions and prosecution processes (as plaintiffs).


Land registration

For this section there is an established committee which has remained in contact with Mr. José Luis Valencia, former congressman, who has provided contacts with representatives of the Legislative Assembly, however this is a slow progress due to the difficulty and complexity of the subject.

Carrying of weapons by the Rangers

On this issue I have to say, first of all, that the decision of the Assembly in 2005 which approved the use of weapons was flawed because it failed to comply with the statutes which indicate that the vote should be half plus one. The proposal was passed with a one vote majority. The by-laws indicate that any measure must pass by one half plus one of those present at the beginning of the assembly, several people had left before the voting, which took place near the end of the assembly. There are some who believe that the one half plus one rule applies to those remaining at the time of the vote, but there were two abstentions, so the proposal did not receive the affirmative vote of the majority of those present.

This occurred because the lawyer who was responsible in that assembly didn’t pay attention to this detail during the assembly and subsequent review of its minutes.

It is also the board’s responsibility but I think that's exactly why a lawyer is hired. One thing that I think should not happen again is that the administration needing eight years to obey an Assembly’s command.

Finally, I have attached the document sent by CCSS (Social Security) indicating that the ACM is right with their employer obligations.


Jorge Maroto Puga

First Fiscal


Esteemed assembled group, associates, according to item # 45 of our statutes permit me to inform you.

a. Regarding the report presented at the last Assembly on February 11, 2012, I should inform you that due to legal and administrative recommendations the first paragraph of the minute was corrected and that the previous minute has been registered in the legal record.


b. The assembly held last February 11, 2012, is registered and transcribed in the book of assembly minutes.

c. The minutes of the Board of Directors: 14 sessions from # 394 to # 407 were recorded as of January 25th, 2013. Now we only need our lawyer’s approval to register #407 in the book of meeting minutes.

d. Minutes:

- Assembly minute book: Volume III was started in the previous assembly and it is currently up to date.

- Board Minutes: Are up to date. We only need to enter the latest meeting for January 25th, 2013, which is awaiting legal review and approval.

- Signature registration: we have 59 active members, 6 of which are missing required information in the membership book; two of them have no information, one has been associated for a year and the other member disagrees with the requirements under our statute art. # 9 and the associations law art. # 17.

e. Attendance at Board meetings was good by some board members and regular by others, all scheduled meetings were made, but sometimes it was necessary quorum via Skype.

f. As Fiscal I have not received any formal complaints for wrong procedures in our organization.

g. It’s my duty to inform that in the previous assembly Mercedes Diaz and Sofia Arce were appointed Vocal I and Vocal II on the nominating committee's recommendation and affirmative vote by the assembly. This was important to fulfill the requirement for the gender equality Registry, but it contradicts Article # 51 of our statute.

Gerardo Céspedes Rodríguez





This program focuses on the development of continuous activities within the CER, trying to minimize or prevent the development of illegal practices at the expense of natural resources such as hunting, logging, extraction of plants, birds and other species. The activities of the program are mainly preventive patrols or routine operations (which vary according to time and place), among others.

Other activities that the program staff is developing are rescuing injured wildlife from public roads and confiscations and rescue of wildlife being held in inappropriate conditions. And recently, because large cats have been attacking cattle and horses in a neighboring community of the CER known as La Colonia Palmareña, and at the request of an affected farmer, CER has been coordinating with organizations experienced in this area in order to provide appropriate management and advice to those affected, and obviously trying to avoid the mistreatment and the killing of cats causing the event. This has been facilitated through monitoring by camera traps.

The Staff of the Protection and Monitoring Program is insufficient to fulfill the expectations set for this program, mainly considering the very large protected area. For this reason the MCL employees contribute in the development of activities for this program, thus encouraging the strengthening of the organization every day. In the same way we cannot ignore the importance to our program partners, such as: farmers and neighbors, the security forces, the Conservation Areas of the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Telecommunications (MINAET), members of the Oversight Committees for Natural Resources (COVIRENAS), traffic inspectors of the Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MOPT) and many other people who collaborate to form an excellent team working to protect natural resources.


During this year we conducted a total 14 operations mostly within the CER, some were made along roads, mainly during Easter season. All operations performed have provided very positive results.

Confiscations or forfeiture

Table 3. List of temporary confiscations (equipment, materials, living and dead animals) made by the Protection and Monitoring Program during 2012

Quantity Description Quantity Description

16 Dogs 3 Daggers

9 Firearms 1 Truck

3 Dead Pacas 1 Crawler Tractor

7,712 Inches of Wood 2 Shovels

2 Peccaries 2 Guans

2 Spotlights 5 Tucans

6 Knives 3 Parrots

Findings Records

The confiscations are obtained when poachers, realizing the presence of rangers, try to escape quickly and leave their dogs abandoned and in some cases leave their prey (wild animals captured or killed).

Table 4. List of articles or animals described by finding records.

Quantity Description

13 Dogs

3 Peccaries


Proceedings of voluntary surrendering of wildlife

In some situations, people found in illegal acts, mainly holding wild animals in captivity, voluntarily give up the animals. An assessment is made of the animals and the decision is made to transfer to a rehabilitation center, where, depending on the conditions, Asis, La Marina or ZooAve are considered, and at other times they are released into natural conditions. In the case of birds, after being checked, a high percent are released.

Table 5. Listing records of voluntary surrender of captured wild animals and illegal possession.

Quantity Description

3 Owls

1 Hawks

5 Seedeaters

1 Toucan

Description of perpetrators of crimes

Table 6. List of persons to whom confiscations were made.

Name Location

Ovidio López Cubero El Castillo

Marco Aragón Taisigua El Castillo

Cristian Gerardo Porras Vega Monteverde

Greivin Antonio Guillen Picado Cañitas, Sierra de Abangares

Rolando Oldemar Guillen Picado Cañitas, Sierra de Abangares

Olber Enrique Arguedas Salazar Monteverde

Álvaro Vinicio Villegas Rojas Sierra de Abangares

Víctor Manuel Fernández Arce Cerro Alegre de Chachagua

Jorge Eduardo Araya Fonseca San Isidro de Peñas Blancas

José Miranda González Cerro Alegre de Chachagua

Fabio Cedeño La Fortuna, San Carlos

Alonso Moya Rojas Palmares, Alajuela

Salvador Morera Pilarte Residencial El Valle Santa Ana, San José

Camilo Ernesto Bravo Roldan Dos Ríos, San José

Gleen Jacmintom Ross El Castillo, Peñas Blancas

Jaime Alfaro González San Isidro, Peñas Blancas

Jimmy Alberto Morales Rodríguez Chachagua, Peñas Blancas

Jean Carlos Carranza Arias Chachagua, Peñas Blancas

Wilberth Gerardo Morales Rodríguez Chachagua, Peñas Blancas

Antonio Salas Leitón Miramar , Puntarenas

Renato Chacón Rodríguez Invu, Peñas Blancas

Marvin Rodríguez Pérez Jauri, Peñas Blancas

Oyler Rojas Rodríguez San Isidro, Peñas Blancas

Franklin Guevara La Tigra, San Carlos

Víctor González González El Futuro, La Tigra

Irma Rodríguez Rodríguez Muelle, San Carlos

Alberto Rodríguez Rojas San Isidro, Peñas Blancas

Yeison Guzmán Rodríguez San Isidro, Peñas Blancas

Rafael Ángel Araya Garita La Tigra, San Carlos

Maikol Andrey Jiménez Castillo Pueblo Nuevo, Los Ángeles, San Ramón

Luis Daniel Camacho Sandí San Isidro, Peñas Blancas

Eduardo Rojas Valverde La Tigra, San Carlos


32 meetings have been held with MINAET about administrative and Legal Issues, the Police Force, communities, development associations, aqueducts, municipalities and schools. These meetings are held to schedule maintenance work, operations, and outreach programs with communities and groups, among others.


Workshops or trainings

There have been a total of 8 workshops and training activities through the protection and monitoring program.

Complaints, hearings or statements

There have been 12 legal complaints, 5 hearings, 17 visits to courts for review of records and statements.

Environmental Education

We have given support for environmental education activities with schools and communities for a total of 13 programs.


● Through coordination and support of the City Council District San Isidro de Peñas Blancas, we have made improvements and repairs to the road to Pocosol.

● Purchase and preparation of lumber for the new office in La Tigra. This included, purchasing, sawing, planning and molding of purchased and donated wood.

● Improvements were made to the trails and the classroom was painted at Finca Steller.

● Worked on the preparation of signs for the Pocosol and Finca Steller Stations.

● We supported the Ecotourism Program, with rangers guiding special walks from Monteverde to Pocosol and from Castillo to San Gerardo.

● We supported the Environmental Education Program in their recycling programs and development and management of other activities.


The Maintenance and Operations Program is composed of six employees, five of which patrol the Reserve throughout the year, doing maintenance and improving the infrastructure throughout the area, such as trails, roads, roadsides, fences and boundary lanes with neighboring properties. It also works on different visitor centers, field stations, shelters and offices. This program also collaborates with other programs of MCL, such as: the Monitoring and Protection Program, Ecotourism Program, Environmental Education Program and Volunteers Program. The other employee of this program does maintenance work in Monteverde Sector, mainly office maintenance, working in different visitor centers, and specific assigned duties, and also supports other members of the program occasionally. The main task assigned to this program during the entire existence of CER has been maintenance of boundaries with neighboring properties, by

setting up and maintaining boundaries, fences and roadsides. These activities are vital for maintaining property rights and the subsequent consolidation for the protection of this large area. Together with this maintenance work, technology is utilized to consolidate the property rights of CER. Currently this involves the implementation of good Geographic Information Systems (GIS) programs, as well as the use of Global Positioning Systems (GPS) for acquiring information for technical and legal analysis and mapping.

Table 7 List of field trips to attend activities of Maintenance and Operations Program Field trips Number of


Sector Description

Cleaning and maintenance

13 (68 days) Pocosol Field Station Cleaning gardens, trails, drains, roads sides, general cleaning, road maintenance, infrastructure and more.

Cleaning and maintenance

5 (40 days) San Gerardo Field Station Cleaning road sides, drains, and trail and infrastructure improvements, cleaning trails,


gardens and so on.

Cleaning 1 Central Office Infrastructure and garden maintenance.

Cleaning and maintenance

3 (26 days) Bajo Tigre Visitor’s Center Maintenance of infrastructure, pick up garbage on trails: cleaning, enlarge, rock the trails, build drains, improvement of trails, and maintenance of road and boundaries

Maintenance 1 (4 days) Information Center Trees cut (cypress trees), cleaning around the building, and building maintenance.

Placing markers 1 (1 day) Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve boundary – CCT (El Valle, El Brillante, Alemán), Veracruz, Leonel Hernández.

Continue working on the placement of markers, (boundary markers), and inspections between ACM and CCT.

Boundary 1 San Jorge, La Tigra, Bekom,

Pocosol, San Bosco, Chachagua, Fortuna, Los Perdidos, El Castillo, San Gerardo, Rancho Alegre, San Luis, Amapala, Veracruz, Leonel Hernández, Ojo de Agua, Los Planes and Fila del Toro

Maintenance of neighboring property boundaries

Maintenance inspections and review of trails and fences

3 (3 days) Amapala, Veracruz, Leonel Hernández, San Martin Norte (Purchased properties from Mario Arguedas and Santos Jimenez)

Maintenance inspections and checking boundaries and fences, due to cattle grazing on these lands and fences being cut on these farms.

Legal Issues 3 (1 day) Mario Rodriguez (Wilson Badilla), Mario Arguedas, brothers Araya Ledezma, IN Man - Improsa Bank, Corrales brothers and


Maintenance of boundaries with neighboring properties with legal issues.

Maintaining long trails of CER.

3 (3 days) -San Gerardo-El Castillo. -San Gerardo –Chutas- Wilford- San Bosco or Pocosol.

-Poco Sol – Fortuna waterfall. -Poco Sol – Eladios –


-San Luis - Leonel Hernández. -Leonel - Los Planes de Corazón de Jesús de Arancibia.

-San Jorge de los Criques – Bekom.

-Bekom - Cerritos de La Tigra.

Priority was given to maintenance of trails used for special hikes and roads for access to sectors of CER

Support for Protection and Monitoring Program

1 (15 days) La Tigra, Pocosol, San Jorge, San Bosco, Linda Vista Chachagua, Cedral, Zapotal, Bajo Caliente, El Burrito y Piola.

Special operations, mainly Easter week activities.

We also helped to install small promotional signs in the area of Monteverde and San Carlos in collaboration with promotional and merchandising activities in the CER.

This program also provided support to the green-eyed frog (Lithobates vibicarius) and Hyla tica (Isthmohyla tica),

monitoring, made several field trips to Chutas Sector, some departing from San Bosco de Peñas Blancas and others from the San Gerardo station. On two separate field trips we accompanied researchers to the site, see research section.



The topic of legal affairs constitutes one of the more important elements in each assembly to visualize the consolidation of the Children's Eternal Rainforest, mainly because of the existence of new processes and the updating of old ones, in addition to the enormous amount of time and resources that are inevitably consumed by this department. It is important to indicate that during this year, the legal affairs committee met on three occasions, and have had various meetings in extraordinary sessions plus two field trips. We have had constant communication to obtain results in the different legal processes in which the MCL is involved. The following is a list of the principle legal (judicial) processes in which the MCL has participated this year:

1. InMan-Banco IMPROSA case. At the present time this process is being directed by Lic. Ricarte Jimenez, because of the resignation of Lic. Marco V. Retana. This process is scheduled to begin in court in March, there have only been preliminary dispositions by the lawyers so far.

2. Bekom case. This ordinary process is directed by Lic. Retana and is in the appeals court.

3. Mario Rodríguez-Wilson Badilla case. This ordinary process is directed by Lic. Retana. Recently, representatives of Channel 23 and the Gonzalez’s entered into the process by invitation of MCL because Mr. Rodriguez has indicated his intention of obtaining title to land that is between their land and that of MCL.

4. Arturo Arguedas case. A farm is being disputed to cover the court costs of the court case that we won against Mario Arguedas. This sentencing in this process has been on hold since 2008 because MCL has lost the notification papers and cannot continue with this process. Therefore, MCL has asked the court to drop the case.

5. Mario Arguedas case. This process closed in 1998, but the property cannot be titled in MCL’s name because Mario Arguedas had placed loan titles against the property. We are awaiting the expiration of these documents in order to ask the Agrarian Court in Puntarenas to execute the sentence allowing us to obtain the title.

6. Olman Castro case (Elidieth Vindas). Mr. Castro began the process of obtaining title to a property, but the map of the property was not located correctly and the MCL opposed that he be granted a title. The court gave time for MCL to begin a court case, but MCL failed to file papers within the stipulated limit. MCL is appealing and Lic. Retana is trying to get the government to oppose the title. There is also the possibility that Olman Badilla will oppose the title because the map of the land in question overlaps the property that he is contracted to sell to MCL.

7. Contract for the purchase of the Cesar Santamaría farm. We are awaiting the completion of the contract which stipulates that Mr. Santamaría will receive final payment upon delivering title. He has been very slow in obtaining his title, although all the legal papers have been obtained.

8. Contract for the purchase of the Olger Badilla farm. The government paperwork is being completed to allow Mr. Badilla to obtain title, but the case of the overlap of the farm of Olman Castro must be resolved before title can be granted.

9. Contract for the purchase of the Jose Manual “Pipe” Cruz farm. The final payment will be made when Pipe delivers the title for the property to the MCL. This process is very advanced and the title is expected to be ready in a relatively short time.

10. Legal transfer of land of the “3-101-526094” company to the MCL (Chachagua Corridor). We look to secure the protection of five and a half acres located in the Biological Corridor of the Chachagua river in Chachagua, San Ramon. The paperwork for this property was delayed for three years because of an error by Lic. Retana in the paperwork delivered to the national registry of properties. It was finally resolved in November 2012.

11. Transfer of TNC property. The two properties for the transfer to MCL (Bajo Tigre) are still in the process. MCL is completing the follow up paperwork that The Nature Conservancy is requesting.

12. Purchase of the farm of Luis Angel Marin and Maria de los Angeles Arguedas. We purchased twelve and a half acres in San Gerardo de Tronadora de Tilarán de Guanacaste, which was only 300 meters from the Field Station. This property was acquired by purchasing their homesteading rights.

13. Illegal tree cutting in Arenal Volcano National Park. In this process the MCL is pressing a civil suit, although legally we are witnesses in the process. Currently the case is being investigated by the government’s Detective Bureau (OIJ) in La Fortuna. They have taken DNA samples from the wood stumps and from boards found on nearby properties in La Fortuna and in Rio Chiquito. Both properties have the same owner.

14. Administrative processes at the National Registry of Properties and Dept. of Properties to consolidate three farms acquired by the MCL with Mr. Walter Cerdas’s farm in San Gerardo. In this case we asked the registry to cancel the three properties and create one for all four with the justification that there is an overlap in the maps of the four properties. There is no problem of boundaries on the ground. This process is in the hands of Lic. Victor Gonzalez (lawyer and surveyor), advisor for the MCL. He is making a new map for the area.


15. Entrance to the MCL office in Monteverde (an exchange of land with Mr. Alvaro Lopez). At the secondary entrance to the central offices of MCL in Cerro Plano, because of conflicts in the use of the main access to the property when the office was being constructed, we proposed to trade 14 square meters of our lot for 14 square meters of the adjoining lot. At this time the new property maps are being made.

16. Keneth Avila case. Hunting in the Steller farm area, which the court considered to be a case of aggravated trespassing and sent the case to La Fortuna. Although we continue to press the case, this person continues causing problems in CER.

17. Hunters in Arancibia. An extrajudicial agreement was reached in which the offenders promised to pay cash and work voluntarily for 300 hours to compensate for the damages caused.

18. Cristobal Quesada case (hunting in San Gerardo). This case is going to court, because no agreement could be reached for carrying a gun in a protected area.

19. Hunting in San Luis case. There is nothing new in this case.

20. Melvin Gonzalez and others (hunting). There is nothing new in this case.

21. Hunters in Bekom. There are two cases, one against Miguel Jimenez and Eliver Corrales and one against Alex Ferreto Araya, both of which are going to court. The first is a complaint by MCL and the second is in conjunction with the Ministry Environment and Energy.

22. Thom Dixon case. Mr. Dixon wishes to obtain title to his property, therefore his property and those of MCL and CCT, which are adjoining properties, must be surveyed. This property adjoins the Eladios Station. The new maps have not been obtained because of administrative problems with other maps.

23. Leitón family case. This involves the surveying of areas in San Luis. The measurements are complete and both parties are awaiting the new maps by the surveyor.

24. José Angel Soro – Araya Ledezma. This conflict originated when a neighbor of CER was invaded by members of the Araya Ledezma family, who had threatened the MCL and other neighbors. Their reason being that their brothers had sold properties to others that really belonged to the whole family. In this instance our guards made periodic visits to the area and to the other farms in question until Mr. Jose Angel Soro had the squatters removed from his property.

25. Land claim by Jose Manuel Cruz (Santos Madrigal farm). This case has not advanced; the MCL should give a certificate of right of way through properties of MCL.

26. Blue pick-up truck accident. A Red Cross ambulance crashed into the back of a MCL pickup, which led to a court case, which resulted in the Red Cross’s insurance company paying for the damages to the pick-up truck. The repairs will be made in the following days along with the payments of court costs.

27. Obtaining title to all CER land. We are receiving the help of Lic. Jose Luis Valenciano in proposing a project to receive titles to all the CER land. Lic Valenciano is a university professor with vast experience in public service, including two terms in the Costa Rican National Congress. There is a law in Costa Rica declaring that no entity can receive title to more than 300 hectares (750 acres) of government land. CER is largely composed of homesteading rights that it purchased from individuals that had lived on government land. We hope that a new law can be enacted to allow CER or other large holdings with a long history of conservation to receive title to more than 300 hectares. It takes an act of congress!

Another important topic has been the participation of the National Service for Animal Health (SENASA), a part of the Ministry of Agriculture, in receiving hunting dogs that are abandoned by or confiscated from their owners. We have taken care of the dogs until the hunters are convicted, but hope that SENASA can help with animal care.

It is important to mention that in aspects of legal advice, we count on a good group of advisors that gives us confidence in our decisions. They are: Lic Ricarte Jiménez, Lic.Meylin Quirós, Lic James Siu, and Lic. Marco V. Retana. The legal affairs committee makes extraordinary efforts in many sessions to make judicial decisions to recommend to the Board of Directors. We appreciate the outstanding participation of Julia Matamoros, Jorge Maroto, Gerardo Céspedes, Ricarte Jiménez, Luis Solano, Hernán Chacon and Yúber Rodriguez.



The development of ecotourism activities in the CER has become one of the major alternatives to generate income, due to the decline in donations and international support in the mid-nineties, which was the main form of NGO financing. Visiting the CER has been another mechanism to promote awareness and appreciation of our efforts to strengthen the protection of natural resources and also to influence more collaborators. In the last seven years we have collected more precise information on visits to CER, This information has allowed us to find trends in visitation, as illustrated in Figure 1. It is interesting to see similar visitor trends for seven years, to see that 2012 received a medium number of visits compared to previous years, and to see that it is clear that there are two peaks in visitors, one that starts in November and reached the highest point in March and the other starts in June and reached the highest point in July. The months of May, September and October are the lowest ones, and, as another pleasing trend within this monthly trend in visits, we see a decrease in peaks, transitioning to regular curves that support the theory of the disappearance of the high and low seasons, as was very evident six years ago, and are seen in more regular visitors throughout the year.

In general, CER has received 6.584 visitors, about 7% more than those received in 2011 which are being distributed in the four visitor’s centers open to the public: the most remarkable being Bajo del Tigre Visitor’s Center, with 74.7% of the visitors, followed by San Gerardo Station with 11.6% of the visitors, Pocosol Station with 12.5% of the visitors, and finally Finca Steller with 1.2% of the visitors.

On the financial side, currently the selling of ecotourism services represented 34% of the income generation; conversely, the income generated by this activity is 15% of total operating expenses of MCL. It is justified that, of the sale of ecotourism services, the MCL uses 50% of the income generated for investment in conservation and protection of CER

and the other 50% for care provided to visitors.

Children's Eternal Rainforest Information Centre (Cerro Plano):

This space has become an opportunity to educate and raise awareness among visitors about conservation, CER, and its programs, partly through a small exhibit consisting of informative posters, maps, videos and through personalized attention of MCL’s members that can speak extensively on issues of interest to visitors. This has allowed us to develop new contacts and even receive cash donations. Also visitors have increased to 1,807 in 2012, becoming the year with the largest number of people in the center since its opening. Importantly, according to the comparative table, the Information Center is used more

Figure 2. Monthly comparison of visitation in the Children’s Eternal Rainforest Information Center in the last years.


regularly by visitors, due to the higher presence of signs at the center as well as the center’s consolidation over time.

San Gerardo and Pocosol Field Stations:

Regarding visiting of field stations of CER, both of them receive 24% of the total visitors, as shown in the comparative table of visits for the last four years. Table 8 shows higher visitor numbers and occupancy compared with 2011, however visitor numbers are quite comparable with those seen in 2010 and 2009, indicating that the only variable that provides more in this period were groups, in other words there were more groups in both stations compared to the number of groups received in previous periods.

In the table of comparative parameters for the two stations, it is also clear that more visitors are received at Pocosol but with lower occupations, while in San Gerardo received fewer guests but visitors are staying for more nights, this situation is seen in the stations occupation as well as in the demand for care in the station on the stations busy days, the same aspect allows point out the increase in occupancy compared to previous period. Also, the following improvements were made at the stations:

a. Completion of a micro hydro project at San Gerardo as an alternative source of energy for the station. This has led to a decrease in operating costs of the station as well as a reduction in fossil fuel pollution by using the gasoline generator. As part of the project, the internal electrical installation was redone at the station.

b. Completion of a gray water treatment plant at San Gerardo station and building of a gray water treatment plant for Pocosol. With these plants we treat water from sinks, laundry, showers, and more. Below is the design used?

The design consists of a box trap to catch the fat and waste that are in the water tubes, a pool covered with plastic bags and to keep the water during treatment and plant species with long roots that function as filter, for example:

lagrimas de San Pedro or “tears of St. Peter".

Table 8. Comparison of visitors and field station used during 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012. Variable 2012 2011 2010 2009 Visitors 1.588 1.217 1.588 1.563 Groups 148 125 134 136 Persons/ group 10.7 9,7 11,5 11,5 Annual occupation 2.525 2.158 2.708 2.631 % of annual occupation 12.46 10,65 12,24 12,70 Average Stay 1.6 1,2 1,6 1,6

Days of station used 112 105 120 108

Table 9. Comparison of parameters of visitation for Field Stations at CER during 2012.

Parameters Pocosol Station San Gerardo Station Average and totals Current capacity 28 32 60 Visitors 826 762 1,588 Groups 68 80 148 Persons/group 12.15 9.53 21.68 Annual occupation 999 1,526 2,525 % of annual occupations 10.61 14.05 12.46 Average stay 1.21 2.00 1.59 Days of occupation 77 148 105


c. Road improvement and cementing part of the road to Pocosol Station, with the support of the Peñas Blancas Municipality. This involved building drains at the road sides, adding gravel, and cleaning ditches. Through a donation we were also able to cement 70 meters of the access road to Pocosol.

d. Signage: Pocosol station has improved trail signs and information on the sector.

Bajo del Tigre Visitor Center

Visitors to CER mostly visit the Bajo del Tigre Visitor Center, which currently receives three-quarters of all CER’s visitors. These visitors have two options, day and night walks, the latter being the one that draws most visitors to the site, in addition to providing more income. 4,917 people were received in this period, similar to the number of visitors received in the 2011 period. 43.4% of these visitors went on the night walk and 56.6% on regular or day hikes. These visitors come from the CER Information Centre, agencies, tour operators, other local and national information centers, and local hotels that collaborate with the promotion of CER.

Improvements in this sector include: the construction of the kiosk and the lookout point in front of the Visitor Center, trail maintenance, including widening them in some sections, installation of railings, addition of gravel and setting wood pieces on the trails. Other improvements in the sector were painting the reception and children’s house, repairing the storage room, installing recycling bins, as well as constructing a gray water treatment plant. Also during this period there were improvements in the night walk service in order to increase quality of service and numbers of visitors. Several meetings with the team involved in tours, including receptionists, drivers, guides, and MCL’s staff. As a result of these meetings we produced a list of specific steps to be taken.

- Designing and printing three magnetic signs for the transport vans.

- Creating a shuttle schedule for visitor pickups at hotels, in order to improve the logistics of the tour and provide accurate information to customers.

- Defining of tour logistics.

- Committing the drivers to distribute CER publicity material to hotels and individuals. - Having the video "Stranded" at the tour desk as an introduction to the tour.

- Placing night hike signs.

Finca Steller Sector

During 2013, Finca Steller has become better known as an educational center to visit in the Children's Eternal Forest, mainly for environmental education activities, as well as the promotion of MCL’s work, such as in reforestation activities and monitoring. This year four groups visited Finca Steller, two international groups and two local school groups, to participate in the CER environmental education program. There were a total of 80 participants.


Also, the modules of tree reproduction for reforestation and rehabilitation of degraded areas achieved the production of 2,348 native forest species, among them: almendro amarillo (Dipterix panamensis, Fabaceae-Papilionaceae), pilón (Hieronyma alcheornoides, Euphorbiaceae), cócora (Guarea kunthiana-Meliaceae), cebo (Vochysia guatemalensis-Vochysiaceae) and others. These trees have been planted on CER, neighboring farms, schools, near rural water systems, Arenal National Park, with the help of women’s groups and other organized groups.

It is important to note that much effort has been made in this sector on trail and infrastructure maintenance, including the creation of a new trail. Regarding maintenance aspects of the classroom, a painting project was done by a group of volunteers from the Red Cross.


Although income generated through Environmental Services Payments for the 2012 period decreased by 7%, it still remains the main source of income for the MCL, currently resulting in 55% of the total income. The graph of FONAFIFO environmental services payments shows that MCL did not receive new contracts for the coming years. MCL cannot rely upon receiving forestry protection payments from the government in the coming years after the existing contracts expire in 2015. Similarly, the income trends graph shows that MCL had not received a property placement this low since 1998, in contrast to the property placement for the last three years, in which the state was very productive or efficient in placing properties.

It is important to note that another serious aspect of property placement for environmental services payments has to do with the ending of the Protection of Water Resources contract for the Aranjuez River agreement established by the Compañía Nacional de Fuerza y Luz (Power and Light National company/CNFL) with FONAFIFO. This contract, which lasted ten years and included a total of 732 hectares of CER, finished in 2011. FONAFIFO and CNFL continue to define a new agreement without any decision made.

Figure 3. Comparison of properties placed in ESP (does not include ESP private contracts).


Figure 4. Comparison of Financial income provide by ESP (doesn’t includes ESP private contracts).

Another important factor in the environmental services payments is the support received from private contracts of two hydroelectric companies, Inversiones La Manguera (Inman) and CONELÉCTRICAS (Consortium of Rural Electrification Cooperatives). Currently Inman has decided to request the legal termination of the contract due to disagreements with MCL. However, they have continued to pay the fees that apply to these payments while clarifying the situation in the courts. In the case of CONELÉCTRICAS, it has paid the fourth fee and the fifth payment will be made in July 2013, according to the established contract.

MCL’s accreditation as a forestry organization is important to assist in the property placement in the government’s payments for environmental services (ESP) program. An agreement signed with FONAFIFO will allow MCL to work on community outreach programs with forests/property owners, and could allow MCL to receive additional income by placing private properties in the programs. This income would be 10 to 18% of the amount paid by ESP to the owner. The attached map illustrates the CER’s properties placed in the ESP program.



Since the first child in a school took the initiative to raise funds to buy land for conservation in the region of Monteverde, in Costa Rica, we have continued these efforts and keep adding land to our reserve and ensure the protection of it. On May 29, 2012, and thanks to the Land and Protection Purchase Campaign this was achieved by adding 5 new hectares to the Children's Eternal Rain Forest in the San Gerardo Sector (300 meters from the station). This land belonged to Luis Angel Marin and Maria de los Angeles Arguedas. This purchase complements the process of ecological restoration in a strategic area of the CER.

We have to remember that, while the purchase of land for conservation is a part of the mission of the MCL, the other part is to make the CER forests "Eternal", with a proper management and protection. Thus, for several years there has been a new emphasis on land purchasing, since contributing to the purchase of this land will also contribute to the continued protection and maintenance of these areas. Thus, the money received for land purchase is divided, 50% is used directly for purchasing land, 40% is used for expenses associated with the management and protection of the land, and 10% is invested in the establishment of an endowment fund for the MCL. With this decision, potential land purchase and protection campaign donors support the purchase of the land and also collaborate to ensure the perpetuity of conservation areas purchased.



Atlantic Sector

The Environmental Education Program, on the Atlantic Sector, was divided into two semesters in 2012. The first one involved the development of activities coordinated by part of our staff, Luz Mery Vasquez, Hernán Chacón and other collaborators of this program. They developed approximately 10 activities in different communities.

For the second half year we enacted the “Diagnosis of the Environmental Education Program of CER – La Tigra” proposed last year, and hired an environmental educator, held planning sessions for the coordination of the activities, their objectives and the needs of the participants and contributors of the program.

I semester: The following are the activities for the first half of this year.

Table 10. List of environmental education activities in the Atlantic Sector of BEN. I semester 2012. Participants Description Number of


Community Collaborators

Neighbors from Cerro Alegre Community

Talk about wildlife in captivity 35 kids and Adults.

Cerro Alegre of Chachagua

Jaime del Castillo, Christine Larson and Krishnan


Solutions Group

Release of wild animals: agouti, paca, and snakes 11 Children’s Eternal Rainforest – Pocosol Station Asis Project. Natural Solutions Group

Tree planting 5 Children’s

Eternal Rainforest- Finca Steller A group of volunteers from Asis Project

Talk about CER/MCL and wild animals in captivity

15 Asis Project Álvaro del Castillo and


Neighbors from Peñas Blancas

Meeting about rural community


8 ICE office IDA, Eliecer Chacón Council

of the District Peñas Blancas, Alberto Araya advisor of, Edgardo Araya, Deputy

Daniel Vega

from UNED y

AMUT Group

from La Tigra.

Activities for the La Tigra community

and their participation in the

Environmental Education Program

20 Salón

parroquial at La Tigra

Daniel Vega from UNED

Guides and

Scouts leaders


Campos and

Efraín Blanco

A meeting to create alliances for the environmental Education program

4 La Lucha

community at La Tigra.

Chachagua community

Hydroelectric Project options in Chachagüita and La Tigra rivers. With banners to encourage opposition to the project. And La Lucha community was informed about a possible hydroelectric project Chachagua community At Chachagua Salón comunal La Lucha High School Students from Green Forest,

Talk about CER/ MCL and wildlife 23 people Green Forest High School, Ciudad


Ciudad Quesada.


New generation youth

Trash pick-up activity La Tigra Coocique R.L.

II semester: For the second semester 2012, after the Environmental Educator was hired, new guidelines were established with the participation of target groups.

Schools, we had scheduled working with five schools in the La Tigra district: La Tigra, Cerritos, San José, San Isidro and San Miguel. These were selected to take the first steps to start to identify the needs, strengths and opportunities present, so we could achieve the objectives suggested in the EEP, coordinating with the Public Education Ministry and its requirements.

It is important to mention that the coordination and planning of the activities and work themes were established with the help of principals and teachers at each one of the schools that held talks, workshops, activities, and field trips to the reserve and its facilities (Finca Steller y Pocosol). The following is a breakdown of activities with schools during the second half of the year.

Table 11. List of environmental education activities at schools, Environmental Education Program- Atlantic Sector of CER. II semester 2012.

Date Participants Description Total participants

Place Collaborators

31/07/2012 San Miguel and San Isidro School

Field trip to celebrate the National Wildlife Day 13 children 2 adults Finca Steller Ecoterra,

Jaime del Castillo (Asis Project)

03/08/2012 Supervisor and teachers at La Tigra School

Field trip for teachers to Pocosol Station

21 adults Pocosol Station 24/08/2012 La Tigra School Field trip to celebrate

the National Park Day.

21 Children 2 adults

Finca Steller

Desafio adventures, Elieth Acuña (Religious leader at la Tigra)

31/08/2012 Los Cerritos School

Workshop: solid waste management

14 Children 2 adults

At the school 04/09/2012 La Tigra School I Workshop: animal

welfare and abuse

34 Children 3 adults

At the school’s library

Jaime del Castillo (Asis Project)

12/09/2012 La Tigra School II Workshop: animal welfare and abuse

34 Children 3 adults

At the school’s library

Jaime del Castillo (Asis Project)

13/09/2012 San Isidro School I Workshop: solid waste management

13 Children 1 adult

At the school 18/09/2012 San Isidro School II Workshop: solid

waste management

16 Children 1 adult

At the school 21/09/2012 San José School Closing Peace Week:

“Peace with Nature”

108 Children 7 adults

At the school

Erick Zuñiga, (National Park Poas Volcano ) 26/09/2012 La Tigra School Talk about biodiversity 84 Children

4 adults At the school’s library 28/09/2012 Staff from La Tigra School Celebration of Teachers Day 12 Teachers 3 Volunteers Pocosol Station 11/10/2012 San Isidro School Talk about biodiversity 15 Children

1 adult

At the


Carol Lara (Volunteer) 18/10/2012 Los Cerritos


Biodiversity workshop 21 Children 1 adult

At the


30/10/2012 Mónico Schools Guatuso Workshop: wetlands importance 10 Children 2 adults At the school 31/10/2012 Jobo de Berlín and

Los Chiles School

Support on workshop: importance of wetlands 13 Children 1 adult At the school Support to CITTED-UNED 31/10/2012 Caño Negro School Workshop: importance of wetlands 11 Children 1 adult At the school Support to CITTED-UNED 14/11/2012 San Miguel School

Biodiversity workshop 6 Children 1 adult

At the


Carol Lara (volunteer)

22/11/2012 San Miguel


Workshop: solid waste management

6 Children 1 adult

At the


Women’s groups: The second target group we worked with this semester, the Women’s Group of La Tigra (AMUT), has reorganized, with many of the current members being the founding members daughters. Several meetings took place with this group at which time they were offered support regarding training and other activities that contribute to their growth as mothers and important members of the community of La Tigra.

A first proposal (which is currently a need in the La Tigra community) is to provide solid waste management training, as well as the establishment of a recycling center for the community. In an effort to finalize the proposal, we have contacted and reviewed this proposal with the participation of the Development Association of La Tigra (ADIT) and to request the use of one of their properties for a long period of time and to establish a recycling center, which could be managed and led by the women’s group.

Subsequently there was coordination with the San Carlos Municipality

to offer training about “solid waste management”. The women’s group was trained and they received participation certificates for adequate waste management in their homes and the community.

With spiritual leaders (pastors y priests), we have worked in a different way. In the Catholic Church, the priest has read the bulletin to announce the recycling campaign during mass and to invite people to bring their recyclables from their homes. We have similarly worked with the evangelical pastors’ from Los Angeles and La Tigra, and have sent emails to invite members to the recycling campaign. Both pastors have worked in most of the campaigns, and this group is important for community work.

The Recycling Campaign is one of awareness and motivation for the community. It was done during last semester, mainly because it allowed direct contact with community members to work on education for respect and care for the environment. These campaigns are conducted on the first Thursdays and Fridays of each month.

Through emails, newsletters, and posters placed in supermarkets, churches, schools and local businesses, we let the community know the dates for the recycling campaign and encouraged them to come to work with us on this activity, which does not have an economic benefit.


Table 1. 2012 Income and projected 2013 Income
Table 2. 2012 Expenses and Projected 2013 Expenses
Table 4. List of articles or animals described by finding records.
Table 5. Listing records of voluntary surrender of captured wild animals and illegal possession


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