English/Urdu Bilingual Dictionary for ESL Beginners

96  Download (0)

Full text

(1)

Bilingual Dictionary for ESL Beginners

ںویدتبم ےلاو ےنھکیس رپ روط ےک نابز یوناث وک شلگنا یرنشکڈ لمتشم رپ ںونابز ود ےئل ےک

English/Urdu

ودرا / یزیرگنا

(2)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

This document was developed by Multicultural Programs Unit, Equity Programs and Distance Education Directorate.

Level 14, 1 Oxford Street Darlinghurst NSW 2010.

Phone 9244 5324

The work on this production was supported by a large number of ESL teachers in government schools who assisted in the choice of lexicon.

© State of New South Wales through the NSW Department of Education and Training 2008.

ISBN: 9780731386337 SCIS: 1369378

(3)

Contents

Introduction i

How to use the dictionary ii

Dictionary 1

Appendices

1. Numerals and ordinals 80

2. Common countries/states and their adjectival forms 81

3. Common irregular verbs 82

4. Times 84

5. Days of the week/months of the year/units of time 85

6. Weights and measures 85

Bibliography 85

(4)
(5)

Introduction

The Bilingual Dictionary for ESL Beginners has been developed for use by students in the early stages of learning English as a second language.

The list of words contained in this dictionary includes the most common words that students use in everyday communication and in the classroom. This list provides a scaffold for further language acquisition.

The Bilingual Dictionary for ESL Beginners takes into

consideration the Australian culture and way of life including frequently encountered colloquial words and phrases. It is expected that students will use this publication as a reference point for the first 12 to 18 months of English language acquisition.

A companion volume titled Thematic Picture Dictionary for ESL Beginners may be used in conjunction with this volume. It contains over 400 illustrated words, all of which can be found with their translations in this volume.

The two dictionaries are designed for individual student use at school and at home to support English language acquisition.

The skills of many ESL teachers were utilised in the choice of

lexicon for this dictionary. Their enthusiastic participation has

helped to produce a valuable teaching and learning resource

suited to the needs of beginner ESL students.

(6)

How to use this dictionary

Notes for the teacher

The information in this dictionary is presented simply showing part of speech, headword in bold, definition if required and phrases for words which need to be read in context for clarity of meaning.

You will find explanations regarding the organisation of the dictionary below.

Page Header

The page header is found at the top left of each page in bold for easy identification of the page contents. It shows the first and last English entry on the page.

Example from page 1:

a - afterwards indicates that the first entry on this page is a and the last entry is afterwards.

The Headword

The headword is the word being defined in an entry. It appears in large bold type and is alphabetically ordered. Definitions of the headword appear under the headword (if applicable) and are numbered. Phrases, colloquial phrases, phrasal verbs and interjections containing the headword are translated in full and appear under the definitions.

Example from page 4:

Headword Translation

part of

speech back

n Definition 1. body part only the word back is translated as a noun with the meaning body part

adv Definition 2. opposite front only the word back is translated as an adverb with the meaning opposite front

phrase 3. give it back the phrase give it back is translated in full Example from page 31:

Headword Translation

part of

speech help

n Definition 1. aid only the word help is translated as a noun with the meaning aid

phrase 2. help yourself

(serve yourself) the phrase help yourself is translated in full with the meaning serve yourself

colloq phr 3. I can’t help it (I have

no control over it) the colloquial phrase I can’t help it is translated in full with the meaning I have no control over it Where there is more than one meaning for an item of lexicon but only one is in common usage the meaning for translation has been included next to the headword in brackets.

Example from page 2:

Headword Translation

n angle (mathematical usage) only the word angle is translated as a noun with the meaning mathematical usage Abbreviations

(7)

Example from page 4:

Headword Translation

abbrev barbie *see barbecue no translation - translation is found at the entry barbecue

Common present and past tense verb forms

Commonly used irregular present and past tense verb forms have been included in the body of the dictionary as they may not be recognised by the student as a derivative of the base form. These are not translated however and indicate the base form where the translation may be found.

Examples from page 2:

Headword Translation

prt v am *see be no translation - translation is found at the entry be

prt v are *see be no translation - translation is found at the entry be

Appendices

Six appendices have been included and may be found at the end of the word list. These are:

1. numerals and ordinals

2. common countries/states and their adjectival forms

3. common irregular verbs showing the base form, past tense and past participle forms 4. times in analog and 24 hour format

5. days of the week/months of the year/units of time 6. weights and measures.

These appendices have not been translated.

Parts of speech

Parts of speech are abbreviated and found in the left hand column of the English text in the dictionary. Other descriptors such as colloquialism are also abbreviated. A full list of abbreviations used is shown below.

Abbreviations used in this dictionary

Abbreviation Meaning

abbrev abbreviation

adj adjective

adv adverb

colloq colloquialism

colloq phr colloquial phrase

conj conjunction

det determiner

int interjection

n noun

phr v phrasal verb

prep preposition

pron pronoun

(8)
(9)

a afterwards

A

det

a/an کی/کیا

n

ability تیلباق

v

able

1. be able to

انوہ لباق

adj 2. talented

قئلا

n

Aboriginal person صخش ینجروبا

about

adv 1. approximately

ًابیرقت

prep 2. concerning

قلعتم ےس

above

prep 1. over

لااب

phrase 2. the example above

لاثم لااب ہجردنم

adj

absent بئاغ

adv

absolutely لکلاب

n

accent ہجہل

v

accept انرک لوبق

adj

acceptable لوبق لباق

n

accident ہثداح

adj

accidental یتاثداح

v

accompany انوہ ھتاس

n

account ہتاھک

v

ache انوہ درد

v

achieve انرک لصاح

n

achievement یبایماک

prep

across راپ رآ

v

act انرک یراکادا

n

activity لغش

n

actor راکادا

v

add انرک عمج

n

addition ہفاضا

n

address ہتپ

n

adjective تفص مسا

admit

v 1. tell the truth about

انلوب چس ںیم ےراب ےک

v 2. allow to enter

انید تزاجا یکےنوہ لخاد

v

adopt (

take on)

انانب کلاپ ےل

n

adult غلاب

n

advantage ہدئاف

n

adventure مہم

n

adverb فرظ مسا

n

advice تحیصن

n

aerobics شزرو

n

aeroplane زاہج یئاوہ

v

afford انھکر شئاجنگ

adj

afraid رڈ

prep

after ںیم دعب

n

afternoon رہپ ہس

(10)

again – argue

adv

again

(one more time)

ہرابود

against

prep 1. next to

لباقم

prep 2. anti

فلاخرب

n

age رمع

adv

ago ےلہپ

v

agree انرک قافتا

n

aid

1. help

ددم

v 2. help

انرک ددم

v

aim

(try)

ششوک

n

air اوہ

n

airport ہڈا یئاوہ

adj

all

(every)

بس

v

allow انید تزاجا

adv

alone اہنت

adv

aloud ںیم زاوآ دنلب

n

alphabet دجبا

adv

already یہ ےلہپ

adv

also

(too)

یھب

conj

although ہچرگا

adv

altogether تیمس بس

adv

always ہشیمہ

prt v

am * see be

n

ambulance سنیلوبمیا

n

amount مقر

n

amphibian ایلھت لج

v

analyse

(study)

ہیزجت

conj

and روا

n

angle

(mathematical usage)

ہیواز

adj

angry یگضاران

n

animal روناج

n

ankle ہنخٹ

adj

annual ہنلااس

answer

n 1. reply

باوج

v 2. reply

انید باوج

adj

any یئوک

adv

anymore دیزم

pron

anyone یھب یئوک

pron

anything زیچ یئوک

adv

apart

(separate)

گلا

n

apology ترذعم

v

appear

(come into view)

انوہ رہاظ

n

apple بیس

n

appointment یررقت

prt v

are *see be

n

area ہقلاع

v

argue انید لیلد

(11)

argument – autumn

n

argument لیلد

v

arise انوہ ادیپ

n

arm

(part of body)

وزاب

n

army یرکسع

prep

around ساپ سآ

arrange

v 1. put in order

انرک کیھٹ

v 2. make plans

انانب ےبوصنم

v

arrest

(take into custody)

انرک راتفرگ

v

arrive انچنہپ

n

arrow ریت

n

art نف

n

artist راکنف

adv

as

(to such a degree)

اسیج

n

ash ھکار

adj

ashamed انوہ ہدنمرش

v

ask انھچوپ

v

assemble انوہ ےٹھکا

n

assembly عمجم

n

assignment

(for school)

قشم

v

assist انرک نواعت

n

assistant نواعم

prep

at رپ

pt v

ate *see eat

n

athletics لیھک

phrase

athletics carnival ہلیم اک ںولیھک

n

atom رہوج

v

attach کلسنم

attack

n 1. fight

یئاڑل

v 2. fight

انرک ہلمح

attempt

n 1. try

ششوک

v 2. try

انرک ششوک

v

attend انوہ رضاح

n

attendance یرضاح

n

attention ہجوت

v

attract انلاد ششک

adj

attractive ششکرُپ

n

aunt یچچ

abbrev

Aussie *see Australian

n

Australia ایلیرٹسآ

adj

Australian یولیرٹسآ

n

Australian flag اڈنھج یولیرٹسآ

n

Australiana انایلیرٹسآ

n

author فنصم

n

autumn ںازخ

(12)

average basketball

average

n 1. arithmetical mean

طسوا

adj 2. ordinary

یلومعم

v

avoid انرک زیہرپ

adj

awake اناگج

adv

away انوہ رود

prep

away from انوہرود ےس

adj

awful کانتشھد

pt v

awoke *see awake

n

axe یڑاہلک

B

n

baby ہچب

n

back

1. body part

رمک

adv 2. opposite front

ےھچیپ

phrase 3. give it back

انید سپاو

n

backbone یڈہ یک ھڑیر

n

background رظنم سپ

n

backpack ہتسب لااو ےناج ایاھٹا رپ تشپ

n

backyard نحص

adj

bad ارب

n

badminton نٹنمڈیب

n

bag ہتسب

v

bake اناکپ ںیم رونت

v

balance انرک نزاوت

n

balcony نلااد شیپ

adj

bald اجنگ

n

ball

1. toy

دنیگ

colloq phr 2. have a ball (good time)

انوہ ظوظحم

n

balloon ہرابغ

n

banana لایک

n

band

(music group)

پورگ اک یقیسوم

n

bangle یڑوچ

n

bank کنب

n

bar

1. place to drink

ہناخبارش

v 2. stop from something

انکور ےس ماک یسک

n 3. metal rod

خلاس یک ےہول

n

barbecue ویکیبراب

abbrev

barbie *see barbecue

adj

bare ہنھرب

n

barrier ٹواکر

n

base

(bottom)

ادنیپ

n

basin

(wash)

نسیب

n

basket یرکوٹ

n

basketball لاب ٹکساب

(13)

basketball court – bid

n

basketball court نادیم اک لاب ٹکساب

n

bat

1. sporting equipment

لاب

n 2. animal

ڑداگمچ

n

bath لسغ

n

bathroom ہناخلسغ

n

battle گنج

n

bay

(inlet)

یڑاھک

abbrev

BBQ *see barbecue

v

be انوہ

n

beach ردنمس لحاس

n

beach towel ہیلوت اکےنرک لامعتسارپ ردنمس لحاس

n

beach umbrella یرتھچ یلاو ےنرک لامعتسا رپردنمس لحاس

n

beak چنوچ

beam

n 1. ray of light

رہل یک ینشور

n 2. wooden plank

ہتخت اک یڑکل

n

bean ایبول

n

beard یھڑاد

v

beat

1. win

انتیج

v 2. hit

انارہ

n 3. rhythm

رحب

adj

beautiful تروصبوخ

pt v

became *see become

conj

because ہکنویک

v

become انوہ

n

bed رتسب

n

bedroom ہاگباوخ

n

bee یھکم یک دہش

n

beef تشوگ اڑب

pt v

began *see begin

v

begin انوہ عورش

n

beginner یدتبم

v

behave انآ شیپ

n

behaviour کولس

prep

behind ےھچیپ

n

bell یٹنھگ

v

belong انوہ تیکلم یک یسک

n

belt یٹیپ

n

bench تسشن

v

bend انکھج

pt v

bent *see bend

adj

best نیرتہب

v

bet اناگل طرش

adj

better رتہب

prep

between نایمرد

n

bicycle لکیئاس یلاو ںویہپ ود

(14)

big boat

adj

big اڑب

abbrev

bike *see bicycle

n

bill

1. money

یدقن

n 2. account

لب اک باسح

n 3. of a bird

ہلسنوھگ

n

bird ہدنرپ

birth

n 1. act of being born

لمع اک شئادیپ

phrase 2. date of birth

شئادیپ خیرات

n

birthday ہرگلاس

n

biscuit ٹکسب

n

bit

1. small piece

اڑکٹ اٹوھچ

phrase 2. a little bit

اس اڑوھت

pt v 3. *see bite

v

bite انٹاک ےس ںوتناد

adj

black

(colour)

ہایس

n

blackboard ہایس ہتخت

n

blade ڈیلب

blame

n 1. censure

تملام

v 2. lay responsibility with

انلاڈ یراد ہمذ

adj

blank ہداس

n

blanket لبمک

v

bleed انہب نوخ

pt v

blew *see blow blind

adj 1. unable to see

انیبان

n 2. window covering

ہدرپ اک یکڑھک

n

blindness نپاھدنا

block

n 1. child’s toy

انولھک اک ںوچب

v 2. stop from doing something

انآ ےڑآ

phrase 3. a block away

رود کلاب کیا

phrase 4. block of flats

راطق یک سٹیلف

adj

blond یروھب

n

blood نوخ

adj

bloody ینوخ

n

blow

1. hit

ٹوچ

v 2. pertaining to wind

اکنوھج

phr v 3. blow up

انید اڑا

adj

blue

1. colour

لاین

colloq 2. sad

سادا

n

board

(stiff material)

ہتخت

n

board game لیھک اک ےسناپ

n

boat یتشک

(15)

body – break

n

body مسج

v

boil انلابا

adj

bold

1. as typeface

یلج

adj 2. daring

فوخ ےب

n

bomb مب

n

bone یڈہ

n

book باتک

n

bookshelf قاط اک ںوباتک

n

boomerang گنیریموب

n

boot

1. of car

ہصح یبقع اک راک

n 2. footwear

ےتوج

border

n 1. as of country, state

دحرس

n 2. edge

ہرانک

adj

bored نک رازیب

adj

boring انرک خاروس

v

borrow انیل راھدا

n

boss

1. person in charge

صخش راد ہمذ

v 2. tell what to do

انلاچ مکح

adj

both ںونود

v

bother انوہ ناشیرپ

n

bottle لتوب

bottom

n 1. body part

ڑتوچ

n 2. lower edge

ہصح لاچن

pt v

bought *see buy

v

bounce انلھچا

n

bowl ہلایپ

n

box قودنص

n

boy اکڑل

abbrev

bra *see brassiere

n

brain غامد

branch

n 1. of tree

خاش

v 2. separate

انوہ گلا

n

brassiere ایگنا

adj

brave رداہب

adv

bravely ےس یرداہب

n

bread یٹور

n

breadth یئاڑوچ

break

n 1. pause

ہفقو

v 2. opposite of fix

انڑوت

phr v 3. break down (as in car)

انوہ بارخ

phr v 4. break down (as health)

انوہ رامیب

(16)

breakfast – bus stop

phr v 5. break in (as housebreak)

انرک یروچ

phr v 6. break up (for holidays)

اناج رپ یٹھچ

n

breakfast ہتشان

n

breath سناس

v

breathe انیل سناس

v

breed انسوپ انلاپ

n

brick ٹنیا

n

bridge لُپ

bright

adj 1. shiny

نشور

adj 2. clever

کلااچ

v

brighten انرک نشور

adj

brilliant نیہذ

v

bring انلا

adj

broad اڑوچ

n

broccoli یلوکورب

pt v

broke *see break

colloq

broke

(penniless)

شلاق

phrase

broken arm وزاب اوہ اٹوٹ

n

brother یئاھب

pt v

brought *see bring

n

brush شرب

n

bucket یٹلاب

v

build انانب

pt v

built *see build

n

bulb (

electric light

) بلباک یلجب

n

bullet یلوگ

bully

n 1. person who harasses others

ہڈنغ

v 2. harass

انارڈ

bunch

n 1. group

ہورگ

phrase 2. bunch of flowers

ہتسدلگ

n

burn

1. injury caused by fire

انوہ یمخز ےس گآ

v 2. be on fire

انوہ یگل گآ

v

burst انٹھپ

v

bury انانفد

n

bus سب

n

bush

1. outback

تافاضم

n 2. small tree

یڑاھج

business

n 1. company

ہرادا

colloq phr 2. mind your own business

وھکر ماک ےس ماک ےنپا

n

bus stop ہڈا اک ںوسب

(17)

bust cardboard

colloq

bust

1. break

انڑوت

n 2. female body part

یتاھچ

adj

busy فورصم

conj

but نکیل

n

butcher باصق

n

button نٹب

v

buy اندیرخ

prep

by ھتاس

C

n

cabbage یھبوگ دنب

n

cable رات

n

cafe ہناخ ہوہق

n

cage ہرجنپ

n

cake کیک

v

calculate انرک رامش

n

calculator رٹیلوکلیک

n

calendar رڈنلیک

v

call

1. name

مان

n 2. as for phone

لاک نوف

phr v 3. call for

انلاب

phr v 4. call off

انرک متخ تاب

phr v 5. call out

اولاب

adj

calm

1. peaceful

نمارُپ

phr v 2. calm down

ںیئاج وہ نوکس رپ

pt v

came *see come

n

camera ہرمیک

v

camp پمیک

v

can

1. able to

انکس رک

n 2. steel container

ہبڈ اک ےہول

n

candle یتب موم

n

canteen

(tuck shop)

نیٹنیک

n

cap

1. headwear

یپوٹ

n 2. top

ماقم اچنوا

capital

n 1. important location

ماقم مہا

phrase 2. capital letter

فورح اڑب

n

capsicum ںیچرم

n

capsule لوسپیک

n

captain ناتپک

n

car راک

n

card ڈراک

n

cardboard ہتخت اک ےتگ

(18)

care chalk

v

care انھکر لایخ

adj

careful طاتحم

adv

carefully ےس طایتحا

n

carnival ہلیم

n

carrot رجاگ

carry

v 1. take

انیل

phr v 2. carry on (keep going)

انھکر یراج

n

case

1. bag

ہتسب

phrase 2. just in case

وت اوہ ےسیا رگا

n

cash دقن

cassette

phrase 1. audio cassette

ٹیسیک یتوص

phrase 2. video cassette

ٹیسیک ویڈیو

n

cast

1. of a play

راکنف

v 2. throw

انکنیھپ

n

castle ہعلق

adj

casual یمومع

n

cat یلب

catch

phrase 1. catch a train

انھٹیب ںیم یڑاگ لیر

phrase 2. catch a cold

انوہ رامیب

colloq phr 3. catch on (understand)

انھجمس

phr v 4. catch up (reach)

انیل اج

pt v

caught *see catch cause

n 1. reason

ہجو

v 2. make happen

انوہ ببس اک

n

cave راغ

abbrev

CD *see compact disc

n

ceiling تھچ ینوردنا

n

cell ہیلخ

n

cent ٹنیس

adj

central یزکرم

central processing unit

n 1. pertaining to computer

رامشودادعا ماظن اک رٹویپمک

abbrev 2. CPU

وی یپ یس

n

centre زکرم

n

century یدص

n

cereal ہیلد

n

ceremony بیرقت

adj

certain ینیقی

adv

certainly ًانیقی

n

chain

(jewellery)

ریجنز

n

chair یسرک

n

chalk کاچ

(19)

chance – cigarette

n

chance عقوم

change

n 1. money

یراگزیر

v 2. alter

انرک لیدبت

phrase 3. change one’s mind

اناج لدب ےئار

phrase 4. change clothes

انلدب ےڑپک

adj

changeable این تن

n

change room ہرمک اک ےنلدب ےڑپک

n

channel ےئانبآ

n

chapter باب

n

character

(literary)

رادرک

charge

n 1. cost

تمیق

v 2. as for battery

انرک جراچ یڑیب

phr v 3. in charge

صخش راد ہمذ

v

chase انرک بقاعت

adj

cheap اتسس

v

cheat انید اکوھد

v

check انچناج

n

cheek

(body part)

لاگ

colloq

cheeky

(naughty)

یترارش

cheer

v 1. make happy

انرک شوخ

n 2. sound expressing enthusiasm

انرک راہظا اک یشوخ

n

chemist شورف اود

n

cheque کیچ

n

cherry ہناد ہاش

n

chess جنرطش

n

chest یتاھچ

n

chewing gum مگ گنویچ

chicken

n 1. animal

یغرم

colloq 2. not brave

لدزب

n

child ہچب

adj

childish ہناگچب

n

chin یڑوھٹ

chips

n 1. hot variety

ےلتق ےک ولآ

n 2. cold crisps

ےلتق ہتسخ

n

chocolate ٹیلکاچ

n

choir ہفئاط اک ںولاو ےناگ ںیم ےجرگ

v

choose اننچ

n

chop

1. meat cut

ہچراپ

v 2. cut

انٹاک

pt v

chose *see choose

n

church اجرگ

n

cigarette ٹیرگس

(20)

cinema coin

n

cinema امنیس

n

circle ہرئاد

adj

circular لوگ

n

circumference ریھگ

n

city رہش

claim

n 1. assertion

انرک یوعد

v 2. assert

یوعد

n

clap

1. loud noise

یلات

v 2. show appreciation

اناجب یلات

n

class

(group of students)

تعامج

n

classmate تعامج مہ

n

classroom تعامج ہرمک

phrase

classroom block راطق یک ںورمک ےک تعامج

n

claw ہجنپ

n

clay یٹم

clean

v 1. remove dirt

انرک فاص

adj 2. opposite dirty

لاجا

adj

clear فافش

adj

clever کلااچ

n

cliff یٹوچ

v

climb انھڑچ

v

cling انٹمچ

n

clock یڑھگ

close

v 1. shut

انرک دنب

adj 2. near

کیدزن

adj

closed دنب

n

cloth اڑپک

n

clothes ےڑپک

n

clothes line رات یک ےناھکس ےڑپک

n

clothing سابل

n

cloud لداب

adj

cloudy دولآربا

n

club

1. group of people

نمجنا

n 2. implement

اصع

n

clue غارس

n

coal ہلئوک

n

coast لحاس

adj

coastal یلحاس

n

coat ٹوک

n

cockatoo وٹاکوک

n

coconut لیران

n

coffee یفاک

n

coin ہکس

(21)

cold – concern

n

cold

1. illness

یرامیب

adj 2. opposite hot

درس

adj

cold-blooded محر ےب

n

collar لاگ اک ضیمق

v

collect انرک عمج

n

collection ہعومجم

n

college جلاک

colour

n 1. hue

گنر

v 2. make colourful

انانب نیگنر

adj

colourful نیگنر

n

comb

1. hair accessory

یھگنک

v 2. do one’s hair

انرک یھگنک

v

come

1. move towards

انآ

phr v 2. come from

انوہ قلعت

phr v 3. come out (as in sun)

انلکن

colloq phr 4. Come on! (Let’s go.)

ںیلچ ؤآ

adj

comfortable ہد مارآ

n

comic ہیحازم

n

comic strip ہکاخ ہیحازم

v

command انید مکح

adj

common ماع

n

commonsense لقع

n

communication تلاصاوم

n

community یردارب

n

compact disc کسڈ ٹکپمک

n

company

(business)

ینپمک

v

compare انرک ہنزاوم

n

compass امن بطق

n

compasses

(geometry

equipment)

راکرپ

v

compete انرک ہلباقم

n

competition ہلباقم

v

complain انرک تیاکش

n

complaint تیاکش

complete

v 1. finish

انرک متخ

adj 2. finished

ہدش متخ

v

complicate اناھجلا

adj

complicated ہدیچیپ

n

complication یگدیچیپ

n

composer راقیسوم

n

composition فینصت یک یقیسوم

n

computer رٹویپمک

n

concern ہشدخ

(22)

concerned couple

adj

concerned دنمرکف

n

concert یقیسوم لفحم

n

condition تلاح

n

cone

(geometrical shape)

طورخم

v

confuse انوہ ناشیرپ

v

congratulate انید دابکرابم

v

connect انڑوج

n

connection طبر

adj

conscious روعش

v

consider انرک روغ

phr v

consist of انوہ لمتشم

n

consonant حیحص فرح

v

contain انوہ لمتشم

n

container ہبڈ

n

contents

(as of a book)

تسرہف

v

continue انھکر یراج

contrast

n 1. difference

قرف

v 2. find differences

انرک شلات قرف

v

control انرک ںیم وباق

n

conversation وگتفگ

convict

n 1. person convicted of a crime

مرجم

v 2. find guilty of a crime

انرک تباث مرج

v

cook اناکپ

adj

cool

1. opposite warm

اڈنھٹ

colloq 2. trendy

دیدج

n

copy

1. imitation

لقن

v 2. imitate

انانب لقن

n

corner انوک

correct

v 1. make right

انرک کیھٹ

adj 2. right

تسرد

n

corridor نلااد

v

cost تمیق

n

cotton یتوس

n

cotton wool نوا یتوس

cough

n 1. the act or sound of coughing

یسناھک

v 2. expel air from the lungs

انسناھک

n

council لسنوک

n

counsellor رلسنوک

country

n 1. political division

کلم

n 2. opposite city

تاہید

n

couple اڑوج

(23)

courage crush

n

courage ہلصوح

adj

courageous رداہب

course

n 1. set of lessons

سروک

n 2. way to go

ہتسار

phrase 3. of course (naturally)

ًانیقی

n

court

(as tennis court)

نادیم

n

cousin دازاچچ

cover

n 1. outside of a book

فلاغ

v 2. put cover on something

انپناھڈ

n

coward لدزب

n

crab اڑکیک

v

crack انخڑت

craft

n 1. vessel

زاہج

n 2. handiwork

یراکتسد

crash

n 1. collision

ہثداح

v 2. shatter

انرک شاپ شاپ

adj

crazy لگاپ

n

creature قولخم

n

creek ہلان

v

creep انگنیر

n

crescent

(shape)

للاہ

cricket

n 1. insect

رگنیھج

n 2. sport

ٹکرک

criminal

n 1. person who commits crime

مرجم

adj 2. against the law

ینوناق ریغ

n

crocodile ھچمرگم

adj

crooked رایع

n

crops لصف

cross

n 1. a symbol of two intersecting

lines

بیلص

adj 2. angry

ضاران

v 3. move from one side to another

انوہ لقتنم

phr v 4. cross out (delete)

انرک دز ملق

n

crossword ہمعم

n

crowd موجہ

adj

crowded موجہرُپ

adj

cruel ملاظ

crush

v 1. flatten

انید رک راومہ

colloq 2. a liking for someone

اناج آ لد

(24)

cry darkness

n

cry

1. loud utterance

انلاچ

v 2. weep

انور

n

cube عبرم

n

cucumber اریھک

n

cupboard یراملا

v

cure انرک جلاع

adj

curious ناریح

n

curl

1. ringlet of hair

اھچگ اک ںولاب

v 2. form curls

انانب لاب ےلایرھگنوھگ

n

currency

(money)

یدقن

current

adj 1. topical

ہیلاح

n 2. moving water

رہل

n

curtain ہدرپ

n

curve مخ

n

custom مسر

n

customer کھاگ

v

cut انٹاک

adj

cute تروصبوخ

cycle

v 1. ride

انلاچ لکئاس

n 2. circular event

رود

n

cylinder رڈنلس

D

abbrev

dad *see father

abbrev

daddy *see father

adj

daily ہنازور

damage

n 1. injury

مخز

v 2. cause injury

انرک یمخز

adj

damp من

n

damper

(type of bread)

رپمیڈ

dance

n 1. social gathering for dancing

صقر لفحم

v 2. rhythmical movement

انچان

n

danger ہرطخ

adj

dangerous کانرطخ

adj

daring ریلد

adj

dark

1. opposite light

اریھدنا

adj 2. opposite fair

لااک

n

darkness اریھدنا

(25)

date dependable

n

date

1. calendar

خیرات

n 2. fruit

روجھک

n

daughter یٹیب

n

day ند

adj

dead ہدرم

adj

deaf ہرہب

n

deal

1. amount

مقر

v 2. give out

انٹناب

n

death توم

n

debt ضرق

decay

n 1. decomposition

اڑس لاگ

v 2. rot

انڑس

v

deceive انید ہکوھد

v

decide انرک ہلصیف

n

decimal ہیراشعا

n

decision ہلصیف

n

deck

(of house)

ہشرع

v

declare انرک نلاعا

decrease

n 1. diminution

فیفخت

v 2. become smaller in number

انٹھگ

adj

deep ارہگ

defeat

n 1. loss

تسکش

v 2. beat

انید تسکش

v

define انرک حیرشت

degree

n 1. of temperature

ترارح ہجرد

n 2. amount

رادقم

delay

n 1. hold up

ریخات

v 2. put off till later

انرک رخوم

abbrev

deli *see delicatessen

n

delicatessen شورف نوچرپ

n

delight یشوخ

adj

delightful نک شوخ

v

deliver اناچنہپ

demand

n 1. urgent requirement

بلط

v 2. ask for with authority

انرک ہبلاطم

v

demonstrate انرک ہرہاظم

n

demonstration ہرہاظم

n

dentist زاس نادند

v

depend انرک راصحنا

adj

dependable ہسورھب لباق

(26)

dependant discussion

adj

dependant تحتام

n

depth یئارہگ

v

descend انآ ےچین

v

describe انرک نایب

n

description تلایصفت

desert

n 1. hot, dry place

ءارحص

v 2. leave

انید ڑوھچ

v

deserve انوہ قحتسم

desire

n 1. longing

شہاوخ

v 2. wish for

انھکر شہاوخ

n

desk زیم

v

destroy انرک ہابت

n

destruction یہابت

detail

n 1. minute part

لیصفت

v 2. describe fully

اناتب ےس لیصفت

n

detective ںاسرغارس

n

detention

(pertaining to

school)

ازس

v

dial انامھگ ربمن

n

diameter رطق

diamond

n 1. precious stone

اریہ

adj 2. shape

لکش

n

diary ہچمانزور

n

dictionary تغل

pt v

did *see do

n

didgeridoo وڈ یرجڈ

v

die انرم

n

diet کاروخ

adj

different فلتخم

adj

difficult لکشم

v

dig اندوھک

n

dingo وگنڈ

n

dinner ہیئاشع

n

dinosaur راسونیاڈ

n

direction خر

n

dirt لیم

adj

dirty لایم

v

disagree انرک فلاتخا

n

disagreement فلاتخا

n

disc

(round, flat object)

زیچ لوگ

n

disco وکسڈ

v

discover انرک تفایرد

n

discovery تفایرد

v

discuss انرک ہثحابم

n

discussion ہثحابم و ثحب

(27)

disease drop

n

disease یرامیب

n

dish نترب

n

dishwasher

(appliance)

نیشم یک ےنوھد نترب

n

disk

(of computers)

کسڈرٹویپمک

n

disk drive ویئارڈ کسڈ

v

dislike انرک دنسپان

v

dismiss انرک تساوخرب

n

distance ہلصاف

v

disturb انوہ لخم

v

dive اناگل ہطوغ

v

divide انرک میسقت

n

division میسقت

v

divorce انید قلاط

v

do

1. perform

انرک

phrase 2. What does she do? (What’s

her job?)

؟ےہ یترک ایک ہو

phrase 3. How do you do? (greeting)

؟ںیہ ےسیک پآ

n

doctor جلاعم

n

document زیواتسد

n

dog اتک

n

dollar رلاڈ

n

door ہزاورد

v

double انگود

doubt

n 1. uncertainty

ینیقیریغ

v 2. hesitate to believe

انرک کش

v

drag انٹیسھگ

n

dragon اھدژا

pt v

drank *see drink

v

draw انچنیھک

n

drawer زارد

dream

n 1. images during sleep

باوخ

v 2. imagine

انرک لایخ

pt v

dreamt *see dream dress

n 1. woman’s clothing

سابل

v 2. to put on clothing

اننہپ ےڑپک

pt v

drew *see draw drink

n 1. beverage

بورشم

v 2. swallow liquid

انیپ

v

drive انلاچ یڑاگ

n

driveway ہتسار اک یڑاگ

n

drop

1. small amount of water

ہرطق

v 2. let fall

انید ےنرگ

(28)

drought - email

n

drought طحق

pt v

drove *see drive

v

drown انوہ قرغ

n

drug اود

n

drum لوھڈ

n

drunk

(person who drinks too

much alcohol)

تھد ںیم ےشن

adj

dry کشخ

pt v

dug *see dig

adj

dumb

(of speech)

اگنوگ

prep

during نارود

n

dust 1. dirt لوھد

v

2. clean of dirt انڑاھج

n

duster نڑاھج

n

duty

(something you must do)

ضرف

E

n

eagle باقع

n

ear ناک

adj

early دلج

v

earn انامک

n

earring ںایلاب

n

earth نیمز

n

east قرشم

adj

easy ناسآ

v

eat اناھک

n

echidna انڈکیا

n

edge راھد

v

edit انرک میمرت

n

education میلعت

n

effect رثا

n

effort ششوک

n

egg اڈنا

adj

either اس یئوک

n

elastic رادکچل

n

elbow ینہک

elder

adj 1. older than

اڑب

n 2. older person

اھڑوب

n

election باختنا

n

electrician لااو ےنرک ماک اک یلجب

n

electricity یلجب

email

n 1. Internet letter

طخ یقرب

v 2. send an Internet letter

انجیھب طخ یقرب

(29)

embarrass excellent

v

embarrass انرک ہدنمرش

adj

embarrassed ہدنمرش

n

emergency تلاح یماگنہ

n

emigrant رجاہم

n

emotion ہبذج

v

employ انھکر مزلام

n

employee مزلام

n

employer رجآ

n

employment تمزلام

adj

empty یلاخ

n

emu ومیا

v

encourage انرک یئازفا ہلصوح

n

end

1. termination

ماتتخا

v 2. finish

انرک متخ

n

enemy نمشد

engaged

adj 1. busy

انوہ فورصم

adj 2. soon to be married

انوہ ینگنم

n

engine نجنا

v

enjoy انوہ زودنا فطل

adj

enormous اڑب تہب

adj

enough یفاک

v

enquire انرک ھچگ ھچوپ

v

enter انوہ لخاد

v

entertain انرک عضاوت رطاخ

n

entertainment عضاوت رطاخ

n

entrance لخدم

n

entry جاردنا

n

envelope ہفافل

n

environment لوحام

adj

equal ربارب

n

equator اوتسا

n

equipment ناماسوزاس

escape

n 1. an act of escaping

انوہ رارف

v 2. get away

حیرفت

adj

even

(divisible by two)

تفج

n

evening ماش

n

event ہعقاو

adj

every یئوک رہ

abbrev

exam *see examination

n

examination ناحتما

example

n 1. illustration

لاثم

abbrev 2. e.g.

رپ روط ےک لاثم

adj

excellent نیرتہب

(30)

exchange factory

exchange

n 1. act of exchanging

ہلدابت

v 2. give up for an equivalent

انرک لیدبت

v

excite انراھبا

adj

excited شوجرپ

n

excitement ہلولو

adj

exciting کرحم

n

excursion ریس ےئل ےک حیرفت

excuse

n 1. justification

رذع

v 2. pardon

یفاعم

int 3. Excuse me!

ےئجیک فاعم ےھجم

exercise

n 1. physical work

شزرو

n 2. class work

ماکاک تعامج

n 3. exercise book

باتک یک ںوقشم

n

exit

1. way out

ساکن

v 2. go out

انلکن رہاب

v

expect انرک عقوت

adj

expensive یتمیق

experience

n 1. thing undergone

ہبرجت

v 2. undergo

انہس

experiment

n 1. science trial

ہبرجت

v 2. try something

انرک ہبرجت

v

explain انرک حیرشت

n

explanation حیرشت

v

explode انٹھپ

v

explore انرک تفایرد

express

adj 1. fast

راتفر زیت

v 2. say

انرک نایب

expression

n 1. on face

تارثات

n 2. in words

انرک نایب ںیم ظافلا

adj

extra یفاضا

n

eye ھکنآ

n

eyebrow وربا

F face

n 1. part of body

ہرہچ

phrase 2. face the front

انرک ہلباقم

colloq phr 3. Face it! (believe it)

انرک نیقی

n

fact تقیقح

n

factory ہناخراک

(31)

fade fence

v

fade اناج لادنھد

v

fail انوہ ماکان

faint

adj 1. not dark

مہدم

v 2. become unconscious

انوہ شوہ ےب

adj

fair

1. just

تسرد

adj 2. light

اروگ

adv

fairly

(quite)

ہصاخ

n

fairy یرپ

v

fall انرگ

adj

false طلغ

adj

familiar اناچہپ اناج

family

n 1. kin

نیقحاول

n 2. family tree

نادناخ

adj

famous روہشم

n

fan

1. great admirer

حادم

n 2. equipment to blow air

اھکنپ

adj

far رود

n

fare

(cost for trip)

ہیارک

n

farm تیھک

n

fashion نشیف

adj

fashionable دیدج

adv

fast

1. quick

زیت

adv 2. forward in time

یزیت

v 3. go without food

انھکر ہزور

v

fasten انھدناب

adj

fat اٹوم

n

father دلاو

n

fault یطلغ

n

favour ناسحا

adj

favourite ہدیدنسپ

n

fax سکیف

n

fear

1. feeling of impending danger

ہشیدنا

v 2. be afraid

انرڈ

n

feather رپ

v

feed انلاھک

v

feel

1. as emotion

انرک سوسحم

v 2. touch

انوھچ

pt v

fell *see fall

pt v

felt *see feel

adj

female

(of gender)

ثنوم

n

fence ھڑاب

(32)

ferry flashing

n

ferry یتشک

n

festival ہلیم

n

fever راخب

adj

few ھچک

field

n 1. where sport is played

نادیم

n 2. open land

نیمز یلھک

adj

fierce کانفوخ

fight

n 1. battle

یئاڑل

v 2. engage in battle

انڑل یئاڑل

figure

n 1. number

ددع

n 2. person

صخش

phr v 3. figure out (understand)

انیل رک ہزادنا

v

fill انرھب

n

film ملف

adj

final یرخآ

v

find انڈنوھڈ

adj

fine

1. not raining

انوہ فاص علطم

adj 2. opposite thick

لاتپ

adj 3. well (healthy)

دنم تحص

n

finger یلگنا

finish

n 1. end point

ماجنا ہطقن

v 2. end

انرک متخ

v

fire

1. cease to employ

انرک تساوخرب

v 2. shoot

اناگل ہناشن

n 3. something burning

انلج

n

fireworks یزاب شتآ

adv

first لاہپ

n

first aid دادما یبط یئادتبا

n

fish

1. water creature

یلھچم

v 2. catch fish

انڑکپ یلھچم

n

fishing rod یسنب یک ےنڑکپ یلھچم

adj

fit

1. healthy

دنمتحص

n 2. size

مجح

phrase 3. fit in with (match well)

انآ اروپ حرط یھچا

v

fix انرک لح

n

flag اڈنھج

n

flame ہلعش

n

flash

(bright light)

ینشور

adj

flashing نشور

(33)

flat form

n

flat

1. dwelling

ٹیلف

adj 2. shape

اٹپچ

n

flavour ہقئاذ

pt v

flew *see fly

n

flight زاورپ

v

float انریپ

n

flood بلایس

floor

n 1. part of a room

شرف

n 2. level of a building

لزنم

n

floppy disk کسڈ یپلاف

v

flow انہب

n

flower

(plant)

لوھپ

abbrev

flu *see influenza

n

fly

1. insect

یھکم

v 2. move through the air

انڑا

n

fog

(weather condition)

دنھد

adj

foggy لادنھد

v

fold انرک ہہت

n

folder رڈلوف

v

follow انرک اھچیپ

n

font ٹناف

n

food کاروخ

n

fool فوقو ےب

adj

foolish ہنافوقو ےب

n

foot ریپ

n

football لاب ٹف

n

footwear ےتوج

phrase

for

1. for us

ےئل ےرامہ

phrase 2. for NSW

ےئل ےک زلیو ھتؤاس وین

phrase 3. for $5

ےئل ےک زرلاڈ چناپ

force

n 1. strength

توق

v 2. impose on

انرک وگلا

adj

foreign

(not native)

یکلم ریغ

n

foreigner یکلم ریغ

n

forest لگنج

pt v

forgave *see forgive

v

forget انلاھب

v

forgive انرک فاعم

pt v

forgot *see forget

n

fork اٹناک

n

form

1. paper you fill in

مراف

v 2. make

انانب

(34)

fortnight funeral

n 3. shape

لکش

n

fortnight ہزور ہردنپ

adj

fortunate تمسق شوخ

adv

fortunately ےس یتمسق شوخ

fortune

n 1. large amount of money

ہنازخ

n 2. luck

تمسق

pt v

fought *see fight

pt v

found *see find

n

fountain ہراوف

n

fraction رسک

n

frame اھٹکوچ

adj

free

1. costing nothing

تفم

adj 2. unoccupied

یلاخ

v 3. let go

انید ےناج

n

freedom یدازآ

v

freeze انوہ دمجنم

n

freezer

(appliance)

رزیرف

adj

frequent راب راب

adj

fresh ہزات

abbrev

fridge *see refrigerator

n

friend تسود

adj

friendly ہناتسود

n

fright رڈ

v

frighten اوہ ارڈ

phrase

from

1. from Sydney

ےس ینڈس

phrase 2. from my grandmother

ےس یداد یریم

phrase 3. from $10

ےس زرلاڈ سد

front

adj 1. opposite back

ےنماس

prep 2. in front of

ےگآ

n

front door ہزاورد لاگا

n

front steps ےچمدق ےک ےنماس

v

frown اناھڑچ یرویت

pt v

froze *see freeze

n

fruit لھپ

adj

full

1. opposite empty

اوہ ارھب

adj 2. not hungry

اوہ ارھب ٹیپ

n

full stop

(punctuation mark)

پاٹسا لف

n

fun

1. mirthful amusement

حیرفت

colloq phr 2. make fun of (ridicule)

اناڑا قاذم

n

funeral ہزانج

(35)

funny girl

funny

adj 1. humorous

ہیحازم

adj 2. strange

کانتریح

n

fur نیتسوپ

n

furniture رچینرف

adj

further دیزم

n

future لبقتسم

G

v

gamble انلیھک اوج

n

game لیھک

n

gaol *see jail

n

gap فاگش

n

garage

(of house)

جاریگ

n

garden غاب

n

garlic نسہل

n

gas سیگ

n

gate ہزاورد

v

gather انرک اٹھکا

pt v

gave *see give

adj

gay

1. happy

شاب شوخ

adj 2. homosexual

تسرپ سنج مہ

n

gender سنج

general

adj 1. usual

یمومع

n 2. rank in army

لرنج

adv

generally رپ روط ماع

n

generosity یضایف

adj

generous ضایف

adj

gentle سفنلا فیرش

v

get

1. become

انوہ

v 2. receive

انرک لوصو

v 3. possess

انھکر

v 4. arrive

انچنہپ

v 5. obtain

انرک لصاح

phr v 6. get on with (like)

انرک دنسپ

phr v 7. get out (leave)

اناج

phr v 8. get together (meet)

انلج انلم

phr v 9. get up (arise)

انھٹا

phr v 10. get rid of (dispose of)

اناڑھچ اھچیپ

giant

n 1. huge mythical being

نج

adj 2. very big

اڑب تہب

n

gift ہفحت

n

girl یکڑل

(36)

give grain

v

give

1. hand to

انید وک یسک

phr v 2. give in (hand in)

اناج بد

colloq phr 3. give in (surrender)

انلاڈ رایھتہ

phr v 4. give out (distribute)

انرک میسقت

phr v 5. give up (surrender)

انلاڈ رایھتہ

phr v 6. give up (stop as for smoking)

انید ڑوھچ

adj

glad انوہ شوخ

glass

n 1. window material

ہشیش

n 2. drinking vessel

سلاگ

n

glasses

(for eyesight)

ہمشچاک رظن

n

glove ہناتسد

v

go

1. move

اناج

phrase 2. go by bus

اناج ہپ سب

phrase 3. go out with

اناج ھتاس ےک یسک

phr v 4. go wrong

انرک یطلغ

phr v 5. go on with (continue)

انھکر یراج

phr v 6. go well

انہر اھچا

phr v 7. go over (check)

انرک لاتڑپ

phr v 8. go through (check)

انیل ہزئاج

phr v 9. go after (chase)

انرک بقاعت

n

god ادخ

n

gold یئلاط

adj

golden یرہنس

adj

good

1. opposite bad

اھچا

phrase 2. vegetables are good for you

ںیہ یھچا ےئل ےراہمت ںایزبس

colloq phr 3. Good for you! (congratulations)

بوخ تہب

int 4. Good afternoon (greeting)

انرک ملاس اک رہپود

int 5. Goodbye

انہک ظفاح ادخ

int 6. Good day (greeting)

انرک ملاس اک ند

int 7. Good morning (greeting)

انرک ملاس اک حبص

int 8. Good night (farewell)

انہک عادولا وک تار

goodness

n 1. virtue

یبوخ

int 2. My goodness! (expression of

surprise)

ایادخ ےریم ہوا

n

goods ءایشا

n

gossip اناگل پگ

pt v

got *see get

v

govern انلاچ ماظن

n

government یراکرس

n

governor رنروگ

v

grab اننیھچ

adv

gradually جیردتب

n

grain جانا

(37)

grand habit

adj

grand ناشلا میظع

n

grandchild اتوپ

n

granddaughter یتوپ

n

grandfather اداد

n

grandmother یداد

n

grandparent یداد اداد

n

grandson اتوپ

n

grape روگنا

n

graph فارگ

n

grass ساھگ

adj

grateful راذگرکش

n

grave ربق

adj

great میظع

n

greed چللا

adj

greedy یچللا

adj

green ارہ

v

greet انرک لابقتسا

n

greeting ہیلابقتسا

pt v

grew *see grow

adj

grey اروھب

n

grief مغ

v

grieve انرک مغ

v

grill

(cooking)

اننوھب

gross

adj 1. total

نازیم

colloq 2. disgusting

ہدیدنسپان

ground

n 1. earth

نیمز

adj 2. bottom (as for ground floor)

لاچن

n

group ہورگ

phrase

group of students ہورگ اک ءابلط

v

grow انگا

n

grown-up غلاب

v

guard انرک تظافح

n

guardian نارگن

v

guess اناگل ہزادنا

n

guest نامہم

guide

n 1. leader

امنہر

v 2. show the way

اناھکد ہتسار

n

guilt ہانگ

adj

guilty راگہانگ

n

guitar راٹگ

n

gum tree تخرد اک دنوگ

abbrev

gym *see gymnasium

n

gymnasium ہاگ شزرو

H

(38)

had have

pt v

had *see have

n

hail

(weather condition)

ہلوا

n

hailstorm نافوط اک ںولوا

n

hair لاب

n

haircut اناوشرت لاب

adj

halal للاح

adj

half

1. equal part of

اھدآ

phrase 2. half-past eight

ےجب ھٹآ ےھڑاس

n

hall یھڑویڈ

n

hallway ہتسار اک ےناج وک یھڑویڈ

v

halve انرک فصن

n

hamburger رگربمہ

n

hammer اڑوھتہ

n

hand

1. body part

ھتہا

n 2. hand-out

راہتشا

phr v 3. hand in

انرک ےلاوح

n

handbag ہتسب یتسد

n

handball دنیگ لااو ےنلیھک ےس ںوھتہا

handle

n 1. thing that may be held

یتسد

v 2. touch

انوھچ

adj

handsome میسو

n

handwriting ریرحت

v

hang

1. suspend

اناکٹل

phr v 2. hang around (loiter)

انرھپ ہراوآ

phr v 3. hang onto (hold)

انھکر ےک ڑکپ

phr v 4. hang up (put receiver down)

انرک دنب نوف

int 5. Hang on! (wait)

ورک راظتنا

v

happen انوہ ریذپ عوقو

n

happiness یشوخ

adj

happy انوہ شوخ

n

harbour ہاگردنب

adj

hard

1. difficult

لکشم

adj 2. not soft

تخس

adv

hardly

(rarely)

ردان و زاش

v

harm اناچنہپ ناصقن

n

harvest لصف

n

hat یپوٹ

v

hate انرک ترفن

v

have

1. own

انوہ ساپ

phrase 2. have a headache

انوہ دردرس

phrase 3. have dinner

اناھک اناھک اک تار

phrase 4. have a hair cut

اناوشرت لاب

phr v 5. have on (wear)

اننہپ

Figure

Updating...

References

Related subjects :