Ampang Park Shopping Mall

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Am

Amp

pan

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Park

Park

Shopping

Shopping

Centre

Centre

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Figure 1.1

Figure 1.1 Bird eye view Bird eye view of Ampang Park of Ampang Park Shopping CentreShopping Centre (Source: Robert J.

(Source: Robert J. SteinerSteiner, 2006), 2006) INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION 3-43-4

ARCHITECTURE STYLE

ARCHITECTURE STYLE 5-75-7

MATERIALS AND BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

MATERIALS AND BUILDING CONSTRUCTION   8-128-12

ELEMENTS AND COMPONENTS

ELEMENTS AND COMPONENTS   13-1613-16

CONCLUSION CONCLUSION 1717 REFERENCE REFERENCE 1818

CONTENTS

CONTENTS

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1. Mala

1. Malaysia’ysia’s rst s rst and oldest shopping and oldest shopping centrescentres in Malaysia in 1973.

in Malaysia in 1973.

2. Designed by ABC Akitek's (currently known 2. Designed by ABC Akitek's (currently known as DP Architect) Chan Sui Him

as DP Architect) Chan Sui Him and and William SWilliam S W Lim

W Lim

3. Became a landmark to indicate the rst 3. Became a landmark to indicate the rst move from main street shopping to a self-con move from main street shopping to a self-con --tained air-conditioned shopping

tained air-conditioned shopping mall.mall.

4 The rst complex with cinema, hosting car 4 The rst complex with cinema, hosting car shows and fashion shows in that period. shows and fashion shows in that period. 5. Once a symbol of beginnings, of progress 5. Once a symbol of beginnings, of progress and prosperity of

and prosperity of the growth of Malaysia’s arthe growth of Malaysia’s ar --chitecture, economic and t

chitecture, economic and t echnology.echnology.

INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

1.1 FAST FACTS

1.1 FAST FACTS

Figure 1.2

Figure 1.2 Right side vieRight side view of w of Ampang Park SAmpang Park Shopping Centrehopping Centre (Source: Wang Segget, 2011) (Source: Wang Segget, 2011)

Figure 1.3

Figure 1.3 Location map Location map ofof  Ampang Park Shopping  Ampang Park Shopping CentreCentre

(Source: Google Map, 2014) (Source: Google Map, 2014)

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Figure 1.4

Figure 1.4 Floor plans of Ampang Floor plans of Ampang Park Shopping CPark Shopping Centreentre (Source: Ampang Park website, 2010) (Source: Ampang Park website, 2010)

Ampang Park Shopping Centre (APSC) Ampang Park Shopping Centre (APSC) is recognised as one of Malaysia’s rst is recognised as one of Malaysia’s rst and oldest shopping centres located and oldest shopping centres located near Su

near Suria KLCCria KLCC , , in Jalan Ampang, Kuain Jalan Ampang, Kua --la Lumpur. Designed by ABC Akitek's la Lumpur. Designed by ABC Akitek's (currently known as DP Architect) (currently known as DP Architect) Chan Sui Him and William S W Lim, Chan Sui Him and William S W Lim, it was developed by Low Keng Huat it was developed by Low Keng Huat Brothers Realty Sdn Bhd with an area Brothers Realty Sdn Bhd with an area of 425,000 sq ft, using RM 10 million. of 425,000 sq ft, using RM 10 million. APSC was the idea of the

APSC was the idea of the Low brothersLow brothers following their successful project, the following their successful project, the People's Park in 1968 which was the People's Park in 1968 which was the rst shopping complex in Singapore. rst shopping complex in Singapore. Ofcially opened in

Ofcially opened in March 1973, March 1973, APSCAPSC became a landmark to indicate the rst became a landmark to indicate the rst move from main street shopping to a move from main street shopping to a self-contained air-conditioned shop self-contained air-conditioned shop --ping mall. It was the rst complex with ping mall. It was the rst complex with cinema, hosting car shows and fashion cinema, hosting car shows and fashion shows in that periods.It was once a shows in that periods.It was once a symbol of beginnings, of progress and symbol of beginnings, of progress and prosperity of the growth of Malaysia’s prosperity of the growth of Malaysia’s

architecture, economic and technology. architecture, economic and technology. T

Today, oday, Ampang Ampang Park SPark Shoppinhopping Centg Centre isre is known for their extensive range in Ma known for their extensive range in Ma --lay fashion. Besides fashion, it also lay fashion. Besides fashion, it also offersoffers many other services and dining

many other services and dining choices.choices. APSC is conveniently located at the APSC is conveniently located at the intersection of Jalan Ampang and Jalan intersection of Jalan Ampang and Jalan Tun Razak, and are well serviced by the Tun Razak, and are well serviced by the public transportation such as buses, public transportation such as buses, taxis and Light Rail Transit (LRT) and taxis and Light Rail Transit (LRT) and within walking distance to the

within walking distance to the PetronasPetronas Twin Towers, Malaysia’s iconic building. Twin Towers, Malaysia’s iconic building.

1.2 HISTORY

1.2 HISTORY

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2.1 ARCHITECTURAL STYLE

2.1 ARCHITECTURAL STYLE

ANALYSIS

ANALYSIS

Ampang park Shopping Centre is the rst Ampang park Shopping Centre is the rst modernized shopping mall wit

modernized shopping mall wit h air-conditionh air-condition --ing that was much in

ing that was much in uenced by Le Corbusier’suenced by Le Corbusier’s ve points of new architecture. From the ex ve points of new architecture. From the ex --terior of the

terior of the building to its oor plans building to its oor plans , the Le, the Le Corbusier style was clearly por

Corbusier style was clearly por trayed throughtrayed through its spatial

its spatial organization, organization, form and shape. In adform and shape. In ad --dition, the architect wisely adopted the dition, the architect wisely adopted the develdevel --opment of Le

opment of Le Corbusier’s idea of Corbusier’s idea of “street in the“street in the air” which offers expedient places for people air” which offers expedient places for people in the building to interact with each other . in the building to interact with each other .

Figure 2.1 .1

Figure 2.1 .1 Idea of “street in the air”Idea of “street in the air” (Source: Google Image, 2014 ) (Source: Google Image, 2014 )

Figure 2.1.2

Figure 2.1.2 Idea of “street in Idea of “street in the air” in the air” in APSC APSC  (Source: Y

(Source: Yeow Yi Chuan, eow Yi Chuan, 2014)2014)

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE

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The middle walkway of the building was actu The middle walkway of the building was actu --ally inspired by the combination of two con ally inspired by the combination of two con --cepts, the atrium from the western style and cepts, the atrium from the western style and street market from the

street market from the local style. local style. The atriumThe atrium was one of the special features derived from was one of the special features derived from the ancient Roman dwellings, which was de the ancient Roman dwellings, which was de --signed to give the building a feeling of space signed to give the building a feeling of space and light.

and light. The concept The concept not only not only allowed naturalallowed natural sunlight penetration but also provides a better sunlight penetration but also provides a better air ventilation inside the building, making the air ventilation inside the building, making the shopping centre more environment friendly. shopping centre more environment friendly. The shop lots were arranged in a way that The shop lots were arranged in a way that look like a local street, which eventually look like a local street, which eventually gives visitors a more comfortable shopping gives visitors a more comfortable shopping experience as people from that era were experience as people from that era were used to do all the shopping along the street. used to do all the shopping along the street.

Figure

Figure 2.2.1 2.2.1 CentralisedCentralised shops in APSC  shops in APSC  (Source: Yeow Yi Chuan, (Source: Yeow Yi Chuan, 2014) 2014)

The composition of vertical and horizontal el The composition of vertical and horizontal el --ements gives the building a streamline , mod ements gives the building a streamline , mod --ernize feeling. The boxy blank walls protrud ernize feeling. The boxy blank walls protrud --ing out at selected portions and concourses ing out at selected portions and concourses are set in complementing the boxy wall pan are set in complementing the boxy wall pan --els and left open to allow natural ventilation els and left open to allow natural ventilation for passers by along Jalan Ampang to view for passers by along Jalan Ampang to view the “busy-ness” of the shopping complex. the “busy-ness” of the shopping complex.

2.3

2.3 EX

EXTERIOR

TERIOR

Figure 2.2.3 Concourse of Figure 2.2.3 Concourse of  APSC   APSC  (Source: Wang Segget, (Source: Wang Segget, 2011) 2011) Figure 2.2.2 First oor of Figure 2.2.2 First oor of  APSC   APSC  (Source: Wang Segget, (Source: Wang Segget, 2011) 2011)

2.2 inTERIOR

2.2 inTERIOR

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Ampang Park Shopping Centre has featured Ampang Park Shopping Centre has featured elements from the Art Deco period. One of elements from the Art Deco period. One of the features of Art Deco was found from its the features of Art Deco was found from its external wall, which is the Shanghai plaster. external wall, which is the Shanghai plaster. Shanghai plaster is an interesng, cheaper al Shanghai plaster is an interesng, cheaper al--ternave to stone that has a special kind of ternave to stone that has a special kind of rendering eect that gives the building a raw rendering eect that gives the building a raw and natural feel. The vercal ns or

and natural feel. The vercal ns or chamferedchamfered windows on the external wall serve not only windows on the external wall serve not only for climac soluons but also play an import for climac soluons but also play an import--ant role in decorang the building. There is ant role in decorang the building. There is also quite a number of decorave expression also quite a number of decorave expression with dierent geometrical shapes that can with dierent geometrical shapes that can be seen around the building, such as the be seen around the building, such as the col-umns, wall ornamentaon and openings. umns, wall ornamentaon and openings.

2.4 ART DECO

2.4 ART DECO

Pilos. The load of the structure is supPilos. The load of the structure is sup--ported by the grid reinforced concrete ported by the grid reinforced concrete col-umns to replace the supporng wall. The umns to replace the supporng wall. The lied structure looks more welcoming , lied structure looks more welcoming , as no supporng walls enclose the build as no supporng walls enclose the build--ing. This principle works perfectly ne on ing. This principle works perfectly ne on the shopping mall as it’s a commercial the shopping mall as it’s a commercial cen-ter that should be gathering the people. ter that should be gathering the people.

2.5 LE CORBUSIER

2.5 LE CORBUSIER

Figure 2.3

Figure 2.3 Le Le facade facade of APSCof APSC (Source: Yeow Yi Chuan, 2014) (Source: Yeow Yi Chuan, 2014)

Figure 2.4 .2 Columns

Figure 2.4 .2 Columns used in APSCused in APSC (Source: Yeow Yi Chuan, 2014) (Source: Yeow Yi Chuan, 2014)

Figure 2.3

Figure 2.3 Comparison of APSC and Villa SComparison of APSC and Villa Savoyeavoye (Source: Wang Segget, 2011; Jerey Howe, n,d) (Source: Wang Segget, 2011; Jerey Howe, n,d)

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3.1 Characteristics of Building

3.1 Characteristics of Building

Construction

Construction

T

T

he Ampahe Ampang Park Shopping Centre ng Park Shopping Centre has a heavy massing in the has a heavy massing in the form of anform of an inverted ziggurat, elevated on a rows of load bearing

inverted ziggurat, elevated on a rows of load bearing columns rising fromcolumns rising from the ground oor

the ground oor, a signatur, a signature of the Art Deco period in the 19e of the Art Deco period in the 19 30s. 30s. TheThe construction of this building very much follows methods applied in the West construction of this building very much follows methods applied in the West such as the extensive use of bricks to form the walls of the building, which is such as the extensive use of bricks to form the walls of the building, which is also seen in

also seen in the Chrthe Chr ysler Building ysler Building in New Yin New York City. ork City. The ChrThe Chr ysler Building, theysler Building, the tallest Art Deco Building to be construct

tallest Art Deco Building to be construct ed at that period, was constructed withed at that period, was constructed with 3,826,000 bricks that were manually laid, to form the non-loadbearing walls of 3,826,000 bricks that were manually laid, to form the non-loadbearing walls of the skyscraper.

the skyscraper.

The construction of this building also features the 5 architectural concept The construction of this building also features the 5 architectural concept of Le Corbusier, d

of Le Corbusier, despite the espite the later’s rejection of the Art Deco later’s rejection of the Art Deco movement. movement. HisHis concept of Pilotis is applied throughout this building as well as a free plan. concept of Pilotis is applied throughout this building as well as a free plan.

 Fig 3.1 Ampang Park

 Fig 3.1 Ampang Park Shopping Centre in the1970s.Shopping Centre in the1970s. Source: Guide to Kuala Lumpur Notable Buildings, 1976. Source: Guide to Kuala Lumpur Notable Buildings, 1976.

material

material

analysis &

analysis &

Construction

Construction

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D

D

ue to its step leveling facadeue to its step leveling facade on both interior

on both interior and exteriors,and exteriors, materials such as reinforced materials such as reinforced bricks, reinforced concrete and con bricks, reinforced concrete and con --crete columns are used in this building crete columns are used in this building to allow layers of mass construction to to allow layers of mass construction to be built from the ground. Reinforced be built from the ground. Reinforced concrete, a material which became concrete, a material which became widely used since being introduced widely used since being introduced to Malaysia in the 1930s, was used to to Malaysia in the 1930s, was used to form the walls of the building, as the form the walls of the building, as the rebars inside the concrete wall have rebars inside the concrete wall have high compressive strength.

high compressive strength.ShanghaiShanghai plaster was used on the exterior to plaster was used on the exterior to mimic the matt sutfaces of exotic ma mimic the matt sutfaces of exotic ma --sonry as found in the west.

sonry as found in the west. ShanghaiShanghai plaster, a good, cheap, external grade plaster, a good, cheap, external grade material which could be applied easi material which could be applied easi --ly, by skilled craftsmen to achieve the ly, by skilled craftsmen to achieve the matt appearance of stone, is used as matt appearance of stone, is used as the nishing for the columns.

the nishing for the columns.

Clay bricks were also used as one Clay bricks were also used as one of the components to construct the of the components to construct the walls for the shopping

walls for the shopping centre. Laid incentre. Laid in Flemish bonds, the brick walls were Flemish bonds, the brick walls were then cladded with concrete before then cladded with concrete before

being given

being given a paint a paint nishing. nishing. TheThe usage of clay bricks is evident in the usage of clay bricks is evident in the rooftop’s walls. However comparing rooftop’s walls. However comparing to the progress in the West, West to the progress in the West, West --ern countries have already started ern countries have already started to adopt precast concrete as well to adopt precast concrete as well as insitu concrete which have higher as insitu concrete which have higher compressive strength.

compressive strength.

Fig 3.2.1Exterior walls. Fig 3.2.1Exterior walls. Photograph by Ivanka Teh. Photograph by Ivanka Teh.

Fig 3.2.2Clay Bricks in Fig 3.2.2Clay Bricks in

Flemish Bonds. Flemish Bonds. Photography by Ivanka Teh Photography by Ivanka Teh

Fig 3.2.3 Flemish Bonds sketch Fig 3.2.3 Flemish Bonds sketch Source: Google Images. Source: Google Images.

3

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A

A

nother feature to mentionnother feature to mention is the staircase design of the is the staircase design of the building. The design of the building. The design of the staircases connecting to each level staircases connecting to each level is designed specically according to is designed specically according to the design language of the building the design language of the building leveling.

leveling. The bridging The bridging of the of the staircasestaircase from level to level creates an archi from level to level creates an archi --tectural visual of ziggurat steps in its tectural visual of ziggurat steps in its construction. As the building is split construction. As the building is split into two, with a high volume walk  into two, with a high volume walk  --way in the middle of the building, way in the middle of the building, the staircase promotes circulation the staircase promotes circulation around the building with access to around the building with access to different levels.

different levels.

 The staircase is constructed using  The staircase is constructed using reinforced concrete slabs. To form a reinforced concrete slabs. To form a ight of stairs, about 12 slabs that ight of stairs, about 12 slabs that forms the steps, are cemented onto forms the steps, are cemented onto one long concrete slab running one long concrete slab running across the 10 slabs. The slabs are across the 10 slabs. The slabs are then supported by a metal structure then supported by a metal structure that forms the skeletal frame of the that forms the skeletal frame of the staircase. This construction meth staircase. This construction meth --od is possible due to the advent of od is possible due to the advent of

mass production of construction mass production of construction materials such as metal and con materials such as metal and con --crete during the 1930s, when inno crete during the 1930s, when inno --vation is heavily driven by mechani vation is heavily driven by mechani --cal industries.

cal industries. By

By the 1970s, the 1970s, elevator shafts elevator shafts havehave already made their way into the already made their way into the construction industry in the west construction industry in the west and are implemented widely. A lift and are implemented widely. A lift was only added for Ampang Park was only added for Ampang Park Shopping Centre much

Shopping Centre much later on.later on.

Fig 3.3.1Staircase for Circulation Fig 3.3.1Staircase for Circulation

Photograph by Ivanka Teh. Photograph by Ivanka Teh.

 Fig 3.3.2 Construction details of  Fig 3.3.2 Construction details of staircasestaircase

Photograph by Ivanka Teh. Photograph by Ivanka Teh.

3.3 Staircase

3.3 Staircase

 Fig 3.3.3

 Fig 3.3.3 Floorplan CirculationFloorplan Circulation Diagram by Loo Mei Chuen. Diagram by Loo Mei Chuen.

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A

A

t the ceiling of the top levelt the ceiling of the top level is constructed with wafe is constructed with wafe slab ceiling, with the use of slab ceiling, with the use of prefabricated hollow sheet-met prefabricated hollow sheet-met --al domes to create a grid pattern al domes to create a grid pattern of voids in a solid oor slab, saving of voids in a solid oor slab, saving material without reducing the material without reducing the slab’sslab’s strength, at the same time

strength, at the same time relievingrelieving the structural stress load onto the the structural stress load onto the building.

building.

The roof of APSC is made of struc The roof of APSC is made of struc --tural joist sheated by aluminium foil tural joist sheated by aluminium foil in the

in the interior. interior. The aluminum The aluminum foil isfoil is

light and it is able to block 95 per light and it is able to block 95 per --cent of the heat radiated. This re cent of the heat radiated. This re --duces the load bearing of the roof duces the load bearing of the roof on the columns and is able t on the columns and is able t o maino main --tain the cool temperature in the tain the cool temperature in the building.

building.

3.4 Ceiling and Roof

3.4 Ceiling and Roof

 Fig 3.4.2 Aluminium Foil roong   Fig 3.4.2 Aluminium Foil roong 

 Photograph by Ivanka Teh.  Photograph by Ivanka Teh.

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SS

teel and glass are another promteel and glass are another prom --inent materials used in the art inent materials used in the art deco architecture. Constructed deco architecture. Constructed with thin fr

with thin fr aming, aming, the glass panels onthe glass panels on the façade are secured on the open the façade are secured on the open --ings created on the walls and aligned ings created on the walls and aligned in linear with ns in

in linear with ns in between of them.between of them. The ns of the window are used to The ns of the window are used to limit light penetration from direct limit light penetration from direct sunlight and restrict visibilit

sunlight and restrict visibilit y as well.y as well. Elongated ribbon window at the Elongated ribbon window at the back of the façade is as well con back of the façade is as well con --structed with glazing window glasses structed with glazing window glasses to reect heat from entering the to reect heat from entering the building.

building.

Moving to the interior of the build Moving to the interior of the build --ings, glass panels with aluminum ings, glass panels with aluminum steels are extensively used to show steels are extensively used to show --case and the display the products of case and the display the products of the shops.

the shops.

3.5 Windows

3.5 Windows

 Fig 3.5.2 Glass Panels used for showcase in

 Fig 3.5.2 Glass Panels used for showcase in shoplots.t shoplots.t   Photograph by Ivanka Teh.

 Photograph by Ivanka Teh.

 Fig 3.5.2 Elongated ribbon win

 Fig 3.5.2 Elongated ribbon windows at dows at rear elevationrear elevation  Photograph by Ivanka Teh.  Photograph by Ivanka Teh.

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component analysis

component analysis

T

T

he Ampang Park Shopping Centre manifests an essence of Streamline Moderne architeche Ampang Park Shopping Centre manifests an essence of Streamline Moderne architec --ture. From the exterior,

ture. From the exterior, there is a there is a strong emphasis on tstrong emphasis on t he vertical he vertical and horizontal elements.and horizontal elements. It is shown through the horizontality of the façade and the verticality of the columns be It is shown through the horizontality of the façade and the verticality of the columns be --neath.

neath. The color palette The color palette used in the used in the building were of subdue building were of subdue shades; shades; base colors were typically lightbase colors were typically light earth tones or off-whites, such as beige and light yellow, while the trim colors were dark colors earth tones or off-whites, such as beige and light yellow, while the trim colors were dark colors such as dark orange

such as dark orange and green to contrast and green to contrast from the light basefrom the light base . In addition, . In addition, walls had smooth surfacewalls had smooth surface nish made of stucco to enhance its sleek linear appearance.

nish made of stucco to enhance its sleek linear appearance.

Due to inuence from the Art Deco style, fun Due to inuence from the Art Deco style, fun --damental geometrical shapes such as circles, damental geometrical shapes such as circles, squares and rectangles were used as minor or squares and rectangles were used as minor or --namentation for the building to

namentation for the building to achieve a monoachieve a mono --lithic appearance wit

lithic appearance wit h applied decorative motifs.h applied decorative motifs.

4.1

4.1 sstre

trea

amlin

mline

e mode

moder

rne

ne

4.2 decorative expression

4.2 decorative expression

Figure 4.1.1 External façade Figure 4.1.1 External façade (Source: PAM, Dec 1987) (Source: PAM, Dec 1987)

Figure 4.1.2 Sketch illustrating the horizontality Figure 4.1.2 Sketch illustrating the horizontality and verticality of the facade and verticality of the facade

Figure 4.2.1 , 4.2.2 Geometrical shaped elements inside building Figure 4.2.1 , 4.2.2 Geometrical shaped elements inside building (Source: Teh Gie Eng & Loo Mei Chuen, 2014) (Source: Teh Gie Eng & Loo Mei Chuen, 2014)

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Wide eaves which keep out the sun and

Wide eaves which keep out the sun and rain were adapted as horizonrain were adapted as horizon --tal banding devices that merge into the heavy horizon--tal articulation in tal banding devices that merge into the heavy horizontal articulation in the building. The banding devices were also used to form vents above the building. The banding devices were also used to form vents above glazed window openings, hence the ne line between decorative form glazed window openings, hence the ne line between decorative form and practical function..

and practical function.. The building comprised of a few types of windows, one of it being

The building comprised of a few types of windows, one of it being the punctured openings, either square or small

the punctured openings, either square or small circles, to preserve itscircles, to preserve its streamline appearance.

streamline appearance. Ribbon windows wraps around the corner ofRibbon windows wraps around the corner of the building to provide further linear exaggeration and predate the the building to provide further linear exaggeration and predate the glass wall found in future modern architecture. Vertical ns or cham glass wall found in future modern architecture. Vertical ns or cham --fered windows were used for climatic solutions, in relation to the use fered windows were used for climatic solutions, in relation to the use of energy conservation devices.

of energy conservation devices.

4.4 Horizontal banding

4.4 Horizontal banding

4.3 windows and openings

4.3 windows and openings

Figure 4.3.1 , 4.3.2 Round openings and chamfered windows Figure 4.3.1 , 4.3.2 Round openings and chamfered windows around the building (Source: Teh Gie Eng, 2014) around the building (Source: Teh Gie Eng, 2014)

Figure 4.3.3 Ribbon windows in the front facade of

Figure 4.3.3 Ribbon windows in the front facade of the buildingthe building (Source: Loo Mei Chuen, 2014) (Source: Loo Mei Chuen, 2014)

Figure 4.4.1

Figure 4.4.1 Horizontal banding cornering the bHorizontal banding cornering the buildinguilding (Source: Loo Mei Chuen, 2014) (Source: Loo Mei Chuen, 2014)

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4.6 LOGO

4.6 LOGO

The use of logo on the building is a signicance of art deco. The use of logo on the building is a signicance of art deco.

Figure 4.

Figure 4. 6.4 Logo of 6.4 Logo of APSC (SouAPSC (Sou rce: rce: YYeow eow Yi Chuan, 2014)Yi Chuan, 2014) Figure 4.5.3 Railings of Figure 4.5.3 Railings of staircasestaircase

(Source: Loo Mei Chuen, 2014) (Source: Loo Mei Chuen, 2014) Figure 4.5.1 Decorative element within building

Figure 4.5.1 Decorative element within building (Source: T

(Source: Teh Gie eh Gie Eng, 2014)Eng, 2014)

Figure 4.5.2 Sketch illustrating elements coming in Figure 4.5.2 Sketch illustrating elements coming in threesthrees

The inuence was clearly seen in the building, as everything seems to The inuence was clearly seen in the building, as everything seems to come in t

come in t hrees; hrees; the staircase railing the staircase railing being the being the most obvious.most obvious.

4.5 threes

4.5 threes

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4.8 FLAT ROOF

4.8 FLAT ROOF

The staircases in

The staircases in the building the building were of tower-likwere of tower-likee construction and were used to accentuate the construction and were used to accentuate the corners of the building.

corners of the building.

The building had a at surfaced roof as to not distur

The building had a at surfaced roof as to not distur b the horizontality ofb the horizontality of overall building besides giving a distinct modern look while the exterior overall building besides giving a distinct modern look while the exterior walls were extended beyond the roof line to form a parapet that wraps walls were extended beyond the roof line to form a parapet that wraps

around the

around the building.building.

4.7 TOWER-LIKE STAIRCASE

4.7 TOWER-LIKE STAIRCASE

Figure 4.7.1 Sketch illustrating placement of

Figure 4.7.1 Sketch illustrating placement of main staircasesmain staircases

Figure 4.7.2 Tower-like staircase Figure 4.7.2 Tower-like staircase at corners of the building at corners of the building (Source: Y

(Source: Yeow Yi Cheow Yi Ch uan, 2014uan, 2014 ))

Figure 4.7.1 APSC (Source: PAM, 1987) Figure 4.7.1 APSC (Source: PAM, 1987)

Figure 4.8.1 , 4.8.2 Flat rooine of the building Figure 4.8.1 , 4.8.2 Flat rooine of the building (Source: PAM, Dec 1987; Loo mei Chuen, 2014) (Source: PAM, Dec 1987; Loo mei Chuen, 2014)

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CONCLUSION

CONCLUSION

II

t is conclusive that the spatial art is conclusive that the spatial ar --rangement, form and shape of Am rangement, form and shape of Am --pang Park Shopping Centre was pang Park Shopping Centre was able to portray Corbusier’s points able to portray Corbusier’s points of architecture and it was clear that of architecture and it was clear that Art Deco elements and features Art Deco elements and features were incorporated into the building. were incorporated into the building. The use of grid reinforced concrete The use of grid reinforced concrete columns which acts as support struc columns which acts as support struc --tures allowed a free facade, giving tures allowed a free facade, giving way to the emphasis on the horizon way to the emphasis on the horizon --talily and verticality of the building. talily and verticality of the building. Since the building was free from load Since the building was free from load bearing walls, the plan could be de bearing walls, the plan could be de --signed in a way that expresses the signed in a way that expresses the idea of “street in the air”, offering a idea of “street in the air”, offering a similar shopping along the street ex similar shopping along the street ex --perience just as how people used to perience just as how people used to do during that era.

do during that era. With the use ofWith the use of subdued colors, it creates an essence subdued colors, it creates an essence of Streamline Moderne feel within of Streamline Moderne feel within the building. Emerged as one of the the building. Emerged as one of the most successful shopping centre in most successful shopping centre in Kuala Lumpur, the modern looking Kuala Lumpur, the modern looking APSC is constructed with the ad APSC is constructed with the ad --vanced construction methods with vanced construction methods with reinforcement technology and mate reinforcement technology and mate --rials for a 5 storey high shopping cen rials for a 5 storey high shopping cen --tre, highlighting the liner tre, highlighting the liner

stretched-Built with the inuence of modern Built with the inuence of modern --ism and art deco movement, APSC ism and art deco movement, APSC is no doubt an spectacular design is no doubt an spectacular design in the 1970s , very much inuenced in the 1970s , very much inuenced with

with the the local local context context to to accomaccom --modate the busy streets and also modate the busy streets and also the weather condition in Malaysia. the weather condition in Malaysia.

Figure 5.1 Rear facade of APSC Figure 5.1 Rear facade of APSC (Source: Ivanka Teh, 2014) (Source: Ivanka Teh, 2014)

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References

References

- Kuala Lumpur Guide : Kuala Lumpur Images of Ampang Park. (n.d.). Kuala Lumpur Guide : Kuala Lumpur Images of Ampang Park. Retrieved June 22, 2014, - Kuala Lumpur Guide : Kuala Lumpur Images of Ampang Park. (n.d.). Kuala Lumpur Guide : Kuala Lumpur Images of Ampang Park. Retrieved June 22, 2014, from

from http://www.streetdirectoryhttp://www.streetdirectory.com.my/mala.com.my/malaysia/kl/stock_images/normal_shoysia/kl/stock_images/normal_show/_main_view/my_w/_main_view/my_11598686660686/52/11598686660686/52/ - Ampang Park 70s. (n.d.). : Ampang Park 70’s. Retrieved June 22, 2014, from

- Ampang Park 70s. (n.d.). : Ampang Park 70’s. Retrieved June 22, 2014, from http://wangseggetjb.blogspot.com/2011/03/ampang-park.htmlhttp://wangseggetjb.blogspot.com/2011/03/ampang-park.html - Ampang Park Website. (n.d.). . Retrieved June 22, 2014, from http://www.ampangpark.com.my

- Ampang Park Website. (n.d.). . Retrieved June 22, 2014, from http://www.ampangpark.com.my

- MALAYSIA CENTRAL – Information Directory. (n.d.). MALAYSIA CENTRAL Information Directory. Retrieved June 22, 2014, from http://www.malaysiacen - MALAYSIA CENTRAL – Information Directory. (n.d.). MALAYSIA CENTRAL Information Directory. Retrieved June 22, 2014, from http://www.malaysiacen --tral.com/information-directory/shopping-malls-complexes/sho

tral.com/information-directory/shopping-malls-complexes/shopping-malls-complexes-in-wilapping-malls-complexes-in-wilayah-persekutuan-kuala-lumpur/ampang-park-shopping-centryah-persekutuan-kuala-lumpur/ampang-park-shopping-centre-shope-shop --ping-complex-in-kuala-lumpur/#sthash.xYmZdDbA.dpuf 

ping-complex-in-kuala-lumpur/#sthash.xYmZdDbA.dpuf 

-- Wikipedia, S. (2013). Materials . Malaysian architecture: art deco buildings in malaysia, buildings and structures in malaysia,. (). S.l.: University-Press Org.Wikipedia, S. (2013). Materials . Malaysian architecture: art deco buildings in malaysia, buildings and structures in malaysia,. (). S.l.: University-Press Org. - Wikipedia, S. (2013). Construction Details. Malaysian architecture: art deco buildings in malaysia, buildings and structures in malaysia,. (). S.l.: University-Press - Wikipedia, S. (2013). Construction Details. Malaysian architecture: art deco buildings in malaysia, buildings and structures in malaysia,. (). S.l.: University-Press Org.

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(). Crowthorne, Berkshire: Transport and Road Research Laboratory

--Wikipedia, S. (2013). Art deco skyscrapers: empire state building, chrysler building, rockefeller center, chicago.... S.l.: University-Press Org.Wikipedia, S. (2013). Art deco skyscrapers: empire state building, chrysler building, rockefeller center, chicago.... S.l.: University-Press Org. -100 Years Kuala Lumpur Architecture. (1990). : PAM.

-100 Years Kuala Lumpur Architecture. (1990). : PAM. -Post Merdeka. (1987). : Pertubuhan Arkitek Malaysia. -Post Merdeka. (1987). : Pertubuhan Arkitek Malaysia.

-Fee, C. V. (1998). The Encyclopedia Of Malaysia . : Archipelago Press. -Fee, C. V. (1998). The Encyclopedia Of Malaysia . : Archipelago Press.

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