INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY OF IVY RULES FOR IVY COACHES AND ADMINISTRATORS

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INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY OF IVY RULES FOR IVY COACHES AND ADMINISTRATORS

I. Preface

The Ivy League was formed by the Council of Ivy Group Presidents Agreement in 1954, and began formal competition in 1956-57. The Agreement was based on a more limited agreement governing football only which dated from the 1940’s. Formal Ivy League women’s competition began in the early 1970’s; the first Ivy women’s championship, in rowing, took place in 1974. The Ivy League has for many years sponsored more men’s and women’s championship sports --currently, 33 -- involving more men and women participants -- more than 8,000 in total in any one year -- than any other collegiate conference in the country. Because Ivy schools have relatively small student bodies, a far higher percentage of Ivy undergraduates participate in intercollegiate athletics than in any other Division I conference.

Ivy competition has been based on the complementary principles that: the core of scheduling and competition should be the pursuit of the Ivy League championship; the structure of the League should provide all schools an equal competitive opportunity, insofar as League rules affect those opportunities; and Ivy teams and athletes which can compete effectively outside the League should have the opportunity to do so. Every year, Ivy teams and athletes do compete for national and even international honors, and every year numerous Ivy athletes win both All-American honors in many sports and numerous athletic academic awards. The annual Ivy League

Directory and Record Book summarizes both the history of Ivy League athletics and the results of the prior year’s Ivy competition.

Ivy athletics also are based on the principles that athletes should be recruited and admitted through regular institutional processes and should not receive special financial aid, that they should be academically representative of their nonathlete classmates, and that they should have -- and should take advantage of ---- the same breadth of opportunity for study and for personal growth as their non-athlete classmates. The Council of Presidents thus has adopted rules that govern admission of recruited athletes, and also rules that limit Ivy seasons and competitions when NCAA Division I rules are deemed too permissive.

The core of the Ivy League’s pursuit of these principles is the belief that the eight Ivy institutions, which are similar in many ways but also highly individualistic, and which compete intensely with one another but have agreed to be governed by the same set of rules, can implement those rules and limits in an open and honest manner and in an atmosphere of mutual trust.

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This summary is designed as an introduction to those rules for the new Ivy coach or administrator and for Ivy faculty and academic administrators who may be beginning their involvement in Ivy League athletics. It is not intended as a definitive or comprehensive statement of Ivy rules, for which the reader should consult the Ivy Manual or his or her institutional eligibility or

compliance officer. (References in parantheses indicate where this information can be found in the Ivy Manual.)

II. Ivy League Organization and Governance

A. Council of Ivy Group Presidents and Policy Committee (II-B,C)

The Council of Ivy Group Presidents consists of the Presidents of the eight institutions. The Council has full and final responsibility, through the Policy Committee, for the determination of all agreed policies of the Group. The Policy Committee has 12 members including a senior university officer appointed by each of the eight Presidents, one representative each from the Committees on Admissions, Financial Aid and Administration, and one Senior Associate Athletic Director (at least one of the two athletics representatives must be a woman). It is the Policy Committee's charge to continuously monitor the policies and programs of the league to assure that they are consistent with the spirit and intent of the Ivy principles. All policies and interpretations relating to athletics fall within the purview of the Committee, including rules on admission and financial aid. All recommendations for policy or rule changes are reviewed and approved by the Policy Committee before they are presented to the Council.

B. Ivy Office; Resolution of Compliance Questions (III-B-4, II-G-2)

The Executive Director is appointed by the Council, and is charged with administering the Group's rules and activities in the spirit of the Ivy Agreement. The Executive Director and the Associate Directors administer Ivy and NCAA rules, coordinate the activities of the Ivy

Committees, represent the Ivy League in NCAA activities, and conduct league sports information and publicity efforts.

The Ivy Office is responsible for questions of rules interpretations and for resolving any questions about institutional compliance and individual eligibility. The Ivy Office is authorized to conduct inquiries into compliance questions and to make rulings on such questions, and the Council’s rules explicitly require all institutional personnel to give their fullest cooperation in such inquiries.

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Inquiries made to the Ivy Office regarding interpretations of Ivy rules and policies, including exceptions and alleged violations, should come from institutional administrators rather than directly from coaches. Institutional personnel are expected not to discuss matters pertaining to other institutions with the press, with alumni groups, or with other members of the public; outside inquiries that appear to require a response should be referred to the Ivy Office.

C. Committee on Administration (II-D)

The Committee on Administration consists of the eight Directors of Athletics. It is this Committee's responsibility to keep the conditions under which intercollegiate sports are conducted under close and constant review and appraisal, to promote inter -institutional

cooperation designed to carry out the spirit and intent of the Ivy League agreement, and to handle the management and operation of the league, including championships, coaches’ activities and financial considerations. It is customary to also include a Senior Associate Athletic Director from each institution in Committee on Administration meetings.

D. Sports Liaisons and Coach Chairs (VIII-A)

Head coaches from each sport meet at least once annually to coordinate Ivy League business related to their sport, including any proposed legislative changes. Each coach group selects a chair, either on a rotation or election basis, who is responsible for conducting such meetings. The Executive Director, with the advice of the Chair of the Committee on Administration, appoints an administrator from the League to act as the liaison between each sport's coach group and the Committee on Administration. The liaison attends meetings of the coach group, presents any issues raised by the coach group to the Committee on Administration as appropriate, and communicates Committee on Administration views to the coaches. Ivy Office representatives will attend coach group meetings whenever they are invited.

Coaches who wish to propose Ivy or NCAA legislative changes should do so either through their coach groups or their institutional administrators. The Ivy Office also will work with coaches who are involved with national coach groups, when the national groups seek changes which are consistent with Ivy positions.

E. Ivy Legislative Process and Calendar (II-E-3)

Two meeting cycles of the Committee on Administration, Policy Committee, and Council are held each year. The fall sequence is intended to address any issues studied over the summer, or

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questions about implementing rules that were changed in the previous spring. The spring sequence is intended to discuss any major Ivy issues or rules changes which might be changed prospectively.

Institutions and coach groups may propose changes in Ivy legislation, for consideration by the Committee on Administration, before the spring meeting, which is held traditionally in late May. Proposals approved by the Committee on Administration which affect eligibility or intensity of schedule and length of season are presented to the Policy Committee for approval; those approved by the Policy Committee which involve significant change or might affect the implementation of Ivy principles then must be approved by the Council.

The Administration Committee also hold monthly conference calls for matters which need consideration outside of the regular Ivy cycle, and to provide comments within the new year-round NCAA legislative cycle.

F. NCAA Representation (I-D)

The Ivy Group has a seat on the Division I Management Council as well as seats on the Cabinets for Academics and Compliance/Eligibility, Budget and Finance, and Championships and

Competition. Under NCAA rules, proposals for NCAA legislation must be submitted through the conference office, once approved in the Ivy process as described above. The Ivy Office is

responsible for developing League-wide positions, together with the Administration Committee and with the Policy Committee and Council as appropriate, and for representing the League as a whole in NCAA activities.

Ivy coaches and athletic administrators are encouraged to serve on NCAA sport and other committees, upon nomination by their Directors and the Executive Director.

III. Admissions and Financial Aid

A. General Admissions and Financial Aid Policies (X)

The general Ivy principle is that recruited athletes should be considered for admission and financial aid, and should be notified of decisions about their admission and aid, on the same basis and under the same procedures as all other Ivy undergraduate students. These procedures include both the regular institutional admission cycles, and the Early Action (Harvard) and Early

Decision (Brown, Columbia, Cornell, Dartmouth, Pennsylvania, Princeton and Yale) cycles. Specific Ivy rules and policies have been adopted to implement this principle in the context of the many admissions and financial aid practices in Division I that differ from it.

Questions about another Ivy institution’s admission, recruiting or financial aid activities should be addressed between admission, financial aid or eligibility officers, or Policy Committee

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members, rather than by athletics personnel. Questions that cannot be resolved between institutions should be referred to the Ivy Office.

Ivy Group institutions follow the common policy that any financial aid to student-athletes shall be awarded solely on the basis of demonstrated economic need with no differentiation in amount, kind, composition or continuation based or dependent upon athletic status, ability or continued participation, provided that each institution applies its own standard of economic need.

Applicants intending to participate in athletics are considered for financial aid together with all other applicants at the institution: Ivy institutions do not award grants-in aid, or indeed aid unrelated to need on any other basis.

Although Ivy institutions do not offer athletic financial aid, each institution awards substantial amounts of need-based aid, in the form of cash grants, loans, and work opportunities. Within applicable federal guidelines, institutions have their own specific policies for determining family financial need and for “packaging” the grant and “self-help” aid within the total award. Athletic personnel should consult institutional financial aid officers to understand their own institutional policies and how they may differ from policies at other Ivy institutions.

B. Admission Standards for Recruited Athletes (“Academic Index”)

The Council of Presidents requires that student-athletes be "representative" of the

undergraduate student bodies to which they are admitted. This requirement protects the integrity of the admissions process at each school and encourages a degree of competitive equity across the eight schools, whose admissions standards and student bodies are similar but not identical. As one way to review admissions in this context, admissions officers at Ivy schools employ a format that assigns a numerical score -- based on standardized test scores and secondary school class rank -- to each applicant's academic record. This “Academic Index” provides a way to compare the academic qualifications of admitted and matriculated student-athletes to their classmates within each school, while creating a common vocabulary for discussions across schools.

The Academic Index system is not designed, and does not presume, either to be the basis for individual institutional admission decisions or to result in identical admissions decisions at each Ivy school. Admission to Ivy schools is extremely competitive; each institution makes

admissions decisions independently; and all applicants are evaluated on a range of personal and academic considerations. Many highly qualified students who are "admissible" in terms solely of their Academic Indices -- both athletes and non-athletes -- are not offered admission by an Ivy school, or may be offered admission by some schools and not by others.

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The three components of the Academic Index are: (1) the average of the math and verbal scores from the SAT, converted to a scale of 20 to 80; (2) secondary school class rank converted to an 80 point scale; and (3) the higher of (a) the SAT average or (b) the average of three SAT-II scores, again on a 20 to 80 scale.

There are specific Academic Index rules for three sports, each based on each individual school’s own student bodies. Separately in men's basketball and men's ice hockey, the average Academic Index for each year’s group of admitted student-athletes must equal or exceed a specified score based on the average Academic Index of the school’s previous four admitted classes. In football, the overall Academic Index pattern of matriculated student-athletes must have a specified relationship to the Academic Index patterns of the school’s previous four matriculated classes. In each of these sports, there is also an explicit limit on the number of recruited student-athletes who are expected to matriculate in any four-year period.

In addition, any Ivy school that chooses to admit in any sport a recruited student-athlete who has an Academic Index below what is called the “presumptive floor” (presently equal to 169), which is equal for all institutions, is expected to have a compelling non-athletic reason for that decision. C. Communications about admissions

No coach, alumnus/na, faculty member or other interested party may notify any candidate of his or her admission or financial aid status at any time, even if privy to advance notice about the institutional decision. Such communications should come officially from the admissions or financial aid offices, and only communications from those offices are official and bind the institution.

Admissions and financial aid officers recognize that the recruiting process involves discussions between coaches and applicants and their families about the candidate’s qualifications, the possible award of financial aid, and the timing of admissions decisions. When assessing a candidate’s interest in an institution, coaches are expected to avoid placing pressure on the candidate to commit to attending the institution if admission is offered. Under no circumstances should a coach suggest that he or she has control over the applicant’s admission and/or award of financial aid.

From January through March 15, admissions offices may advise applicants of the probability of admission; e.g. likely, possible, unlikely, etc. No commitment by the school or applicant is involved. Guidance counselors, faculty, alumni, or coaches may receive these evaluations also, but no final information may be released until the common notification date, except for denials. Prior to March 15, all contact and discussion should use probablistic language.

An early April date is selected annually as the common notification date. A school may

announce that a candidate has been denied admission at any time prior to this date. The common reply date is May 1. Ivy schools may respond should a non-Ivy school offer admission with a

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reply date prior to our common notification date. Evidence of the offer, in writing, is required. A copy of an official offer of a grant-in-aid, with a reply date, or a letter from a guidance counselor, will be treated as an offer of admission.

D. Letter of Intent

The Ivy Group does not participate in the voluntary national "letter-of-intent" program. A student's Ivy eligibility is unaffected by contact with "letter" institutions or by acceptance of a "letter" at any of those institutions.

Ivy coaches are, however, bound by NCAA dead periods surrounding the initial signing date of the "letter-of-intent".

E. Ivy Contact Moratorium Around Common Notification Date (X-B-6)

The “moratorium” on contact with applicants is intended to give applicants and their families the opportunity to learn the institution’s admission decision from the institutional admissions office letter, and to have some privacy in considering decisions and in thinking about their options. It prohibits contacting applicants from the institution, as described below, and also provides that campus visits (whether "official" or "unofficial") may not be arranged by athletic staff or alumni admissions volunteers during the moratorium.

The moratorium provides that no coach, alumnus/na, faculty member or other institutional representative may contact any applicant in person or via fax, telephone or e-mail during the period 48 hours prior to 6:00 PM (candidate’s local time) of the common notification date until 48 hours after 6:00 PM (candidate’s local time) of the common notification date. The

moratorium applies to all applicants, including those who were accepted earlier under Early Action. The moratorium does not apply to non-applicants, including juniors, or to those applicants who were accepted under Early Decision.

In 2001-2002 the common notification date is 12:01 AM Wednesday, April 3, Eastern Standard Time, and the Ivy moratorium therefore extends from 6:00 PM Monday, April 1, through 6:00 PM Friday, April 5 (candidate's local time).

Coaches may speak with prospects who telephone them during the moratorium for information or to arrange a meeting if the student is planning to visit campus, however no recruiting

conversations may take place, and the coach may not arrange for a prospect to call. Official visits may not begin until 6 PM on the final day of the Moratorium, although a prospect may arrive on campus as long as he or she does not have contact with coaches (only students), and can attend class under those circumstances. Coaches may “evaluate” prospects, including applicants, during

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the Ivy moratorium in accordance with NCAA rules, but may not have any contact with an applicant or his or her parents.

After the moratorium, institutional personnel may contact and discuss enrollment with a prospective student until the common reply date of May 1. Upon learning that an applicant has declined enrollment, no further contact may be initiated nor may any attempt be made to alter a decision.

IV. Recruiting

A. Recruiting Rules (X-D)

All varsity sports sponsored by Ivy institutions are subject to all NCAA (or ECAC, as applicable) rules regarding Division I recruiting, except as noted below, even though the Ivy League does not award athletic financial aid or participate in the National Letter of Intent Program, and regardless of whether the sport is or is not an NCAA championship or “emerging” sport. All varsity coaches must take and pass the NCAA recruiting rules examination each year in order to recruit off campus.

The following are Ivy exceptions to NCAA rules:

1. NCAA contact periods and dead periods apply only to NCAA championship sports and NCAA emerging sports for women, as specified by NCAA rules. Thus sports conducted on Ivy campuses for which there is no NCAA championship or NCAA emerging sport status do not follow NCAA contact period restrictions: i.e. men's rowing, men's squash.

2. Ivy institutions traditionally have agreed to a “common reply date” of May 1, before which accepted applicants for admission need not make matriculation commitments (except for Early Decision) applicants. For this reason, Ivy institutions have been granted a waiver of NCAA contact period restrictions where applicable. Specifically:

3. In football, Ivy coaches are allowed off campus contact with prospects until May while the NCAA prohibits off campus contact after the National Letter of Intent signing date in February. By League agreement, however, coaches may not leave campus to recruit during March. 4. In basketball, Ivy coaches may contact and evaluate through April 30, when Division I otherwise is in a quiet period.

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Ivy institutions agree not to engage in “negative recruiting” involving comparisons or contrasts with other Ivy institutions. Both the Ivy League generally, and each Ivy institution specifically, have extraordinary academic and athletic advantages to offer applicants: Ivy recruiting should emphasize these strengths, and not cheapen the image of the Ivy League by downgrading other institutions.

C. Alumni Involvement with Recruiting (NCAA Bylaw 13.1.2)

NCAA rules prohibit alumni from being involved with recruiting prospective student-athletes with the strictly limited exception of alumni who are part of admissions office activities for interviewing all prospective students, including student-athletes. Members of Ivy “Alumni Schools Committees” may therefore contact individual prospective student-athletes only when assigned to conduct such interviews, and only for that purpose.

Each institution has its own way to use information about prospective student-athletes which alumni may obtain from local newspapers, their own children’s secondary school teams, etc. Coaches should be sure that their contacts with alumni in these regards are governed by these policies.

D. Funds for Recruiting (X-D-3)

The Ivy League has specific limits on the sources of funds for certain expenses of an “official visit”. An institution may not pay for the transportation of a prospective student to a campus, or for hotel expenses of a parent or guardian, except from funds contributed to the institution by alumni/ae and friends. However, funds from other institutional sources may be used in order to fulfill institutional responsibilities for gender equity.

Subscriptions to scouting services may be paid for only from gift accounts.

V. Eligibility

A. Procedures and Appeals (III-B)

Each institution is required to have an eligibility procedure in place, supervised by a designated eligibility officer. For both Ivy and NCAA rules, final eligibility rulings for Ivy athletes are made

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by the Ivy Office,which is authorized to conduct inquiries into eligibility questions and to have the full cooperation of all institutional personnel in these inquiries; appeals are available to the Ivy Policy Committee. Questions about the eligibility of athletes at other Ivy schools ordinarily are pursued by the eligibility officer or athletics administrators rather than by coaches.

B. NCAA Rules (III-A)

All Ivy varsity and junior varsity student-athletes must be eligible to compete according to all NCAA eligibility rules, including satisfactory progress and initial eligibility as certified by the NCAA Clearinghouse, regardless of whether the sport is or is not an NCAA championship or “emerging” sport.

C. Amateurism (IV-B, C)

A student competing in intercollegiate athletics must be an amateur in good standing. Whereas NCAA rules apply only to the sport in which the student requests eligibility, Ivy rules proscribe eligibility in all sports if a student is professionalized in any sport. Also different from NCAA rules, Ivy rules do not allow a student to practice with a professional team. Tryouts with professional teams are all under specific circumstances and should be discussed with the institution's compliance officer on a case-by-case basis.

Ivy rules provide that a student who is willing to give up eligibility in one sport may engage in the following actions in that sport while maintaining eligibility in other sports:

1. sign with an agent for representation in the one sport, as long as the student receives no money;

2. assemble clippings, photographs, etc. for use by the agent; 3. enter his/her name in that sport's draft;

4. travel to a professional team's location in that sport to have a physical examination and to be tested as long as the student pays his/her own way.

Exceptions for those who may have committed a professionalizing act in a different sport from that in which he or she seeks Ivy eligibility are considered on an individual case basis. In granting exceptions particular attention is paid to:

1. whether the student intended to become a professional in the sport, as demonstrated by the remuneration involved;

2. the nature of the act and the extent to which it did not involve pay for play; and,

3. whether the professionalizing act renders the student ineligible to compete in amateur events according to the national governing body of the amateur sport in question.

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Ivy rules regarding employment are the same as NCAA rules, except that Ivy rules traditionally have not permitted a student-athlete to retain amateur standing if he or she receives fee-for-lesson compensation for instructing or coaching in any sport(s), whereas the NCAA prohibition applies only to the student-athlete's own sport(s).

D. Residence and Years of Eligibility (V-A)

All students are expected to use their years of varsity eligibility in a particular sport during the first four seasons of that sport, and the first eight terms of enrollment, following their initial enrollment (even though they may be formally enrolled in a five-year program). Any requests for participation in a 9th term or 5th season since enrollment, e.g. when the student has not been enrolled as a full-time student at some point during those seasons or terms, must come to the Ivy Office from the institutional eligibility officer.

In considering requests for exception, "red shirt" years are not allowed for Ivy eligibility. That is, coaches may not manipulate or motivate a student’s enrollment pattern to put off or to secure eligibility in some specific season; students are expected not to alter their academic or enrollment patterns in order to change the seasons in which they compete; and students who are enrolled and practice with a team will normally have been considered to have used a season of eligibility. Exceptions for a 9th term or 5th season since initial enrollment normally will be granted in cases of illness, or of other factors beyond the student's control, or where particular academic

circumstances are involved. For example, students enrolled for a second bachelor's degree at the same institution and who missed a season for reasons unrelated to furthering their athletics career will normally be granted eligibility to participate during their fifth year/fourth season while pursuing the second degree.

A student who completes the requirements for a Baccalaureate or equivalent degree is no longer eligible, even if the actual award of the degree is postponed beyond the next regular time when the institution confers degrees. The only exceptions are students enrolled for a second degree as mentioned above, and students who complete a bachelor’s degree in less than 4 years and enroll in graduate school at the same institution, who may compete only during four years of

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VI. Playing and Practice Seasons A. Generally

Ivy rules are more restrictive than NCAA rules regarding the length and scope of both the “traditional” and the “non-traditional” practice and playing seasons and also of “off-season” activities.

B. Practice and Competitive Start Dates (VI-D-3)

NCAA rules do not dictate starting dates for practice in all sports, but only limits the total number of weeks of practice and competition: Ivy League rules define starting dates for practice and competition for all sports, as listed below.

Fall Practice Start Dates Competitive Season Crew 1st day of classes 2nd Friday in September

through November 30

Football Date to allow 29 practice 10th Saturday prior to Thanksgiving opportunities [per B.17.7.2] through Sat. prior to Thanksgiving Tennis September 7 September 7 through Saturday prior to

Thanksgiving.

Soccer (W) Date to allow 20 practice 10 weeks prior to start of opportunities; not before 8/25 NCAA Championship Cross Country Date to allow 2nd Friday in September Field Hockey 20 practice opportunities. through NCAA championship Golf

Soccer (M) Volleyball (W) Water Polo (M)

Winter Practice Start Dates Competitive Season

Basketball Saturday nearest October 15 136 days prior to NCAA Championship through NCAA Championship

Crew Practice only in tanks permissible 12/1 - 2/1

Ice Hockey October 15 3 Fridays prior to Thanksgiving through NCAA Championship

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Swimming (M) October 1 Friday prior Thanksgiving through NCAA championship

Swimming (W) October 1 2 Fridays prior to Thanksgiving Through NCAA championship Fencing October 15 Friday prior to Thanksgiving

Gymnastics through NCAA championship

Indoor track Squash Wrestling

Spring Practice Start Dates Competitive Season

Crew February 1 First weekend in March

through first weekend in June

Tennis January 15 January 15 through NCAA

championship

Baseball February 1 First weekend in March

Golf through NCAA championship

Lacrosse Outdoor Track Softball

C. Freshman Participation in Fall Pre-Season Practice (VI-D-4)

First-year students on each campus are not allowed to participate in practice or competition during required freshman orientation activities, as determined by the academic authorities on that campus. Further, if an Ivy vs. Ivy contest is scheduled on a date when one team's freshmen may not participate because of involvement with orientation, neither team's freshmen are allowed to participate.

D. Spring Football Practice (VI-D-6)

Spring practice in football is limited to 12 dates, as opposed to the NCAA limit of 15, and in accordance with NCAA rules must occur within a declared 29 day period. Practices should be scheduled to avoid conflict with competition in spring sports. One intrasquad scrimmage may be held as the final session.

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E. Non-Traditional Practice and Competition in Sports other than Football (VI-D-5,6,7,8) Practice and competition in non-traditional seasons for fall and spring sports are intended to be far more informal than the traditional season, and are limited to 12 sessions regardless of the NCAA maximum (12 per team, not 12 per individual team member). In sports other than football these sessions may be scheduled a maximum of three times in one week, and for a maximum of two hours each practice. Fall practice in spring sports must be held within a declared 6 week period. All practice must be held within NCAA declared playing seasons. Sports other than football may participate in limited competition which involves no missed class time and no overnight travel, as listed below.

Sport Non-Traditional Competition Restrictions

Baseball 4 competition dates in fall no missed class time, no overnight

Softball 3rd and 4th count against term limit

Field Hockey 2 competition dates in spring no missed class time, no overnight Soccer

Volleyball M. Water Polo

Lacrosse 1 competition date in fall counts as one in-term contest W. Water Polo

F. Out of Season Conditioning and Skill Instruction

Ivy rules allow coaches to supervise student-athlete participation in voluntary conditioning activities for up to 6 hours per week, as opposed to 8 hours allowed by NCAA rules. In sports other than football 2 of the 6 hours may be used for skill related instruction provided no more than four student-athletes are involved at any one time. Skill instruction may not be held during reading period or exam period, or during any week in which non-traditional practice is conducted.

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A. Generally (VI-E-1)

Ivy contest limits, in most cases, are more restrictive than NCAA limits in both the “traditional” and “non-traditional” seasons. In some cases, a “non-traditional” contest date counts against both the permissible Ivy number of non-traditional practice dates and the permissible Ivy number of overall contest dates.

The contest and date limits below were set originally to match the number of weeks available for competition and result in an average of no more than two dates of competition per week when classes are in session. Ivy policy traditionally has been that schedules will consist of 50% Ivy contests, 25% against local or traditional opponents, and 25% against other opponents. NCAA rules regarding minimum scheduling requirements apply. The only Ivy minimum requirements are that: in men's and women's basketball, not more than one non-Division I

opponent shall be scheduled; varsity baseball schedules may include no more than 6 non-Division I contests; and varsity softball schedules may include no more than 4 non-Division I contests.

B. Academic Scheduling Restrictions (VI-G-2)

In order to minimize the impact of competition on students' academic obligations, the following policies are also in place:

1. Contests involving extended class absences from the institution should not be scheduled. 2. Normally, only one contest in a sport should be scheduled in any Monday through Thursday period when classes are in session.

3. Mid-week contests should be local in nature so as to interfere as little as possible with class time.

4. Contests may not be scheduled during examination periods or the two days prior thereto (Saturday contests are permissible when the exam period begins the following Monday). 5. Every effort should be made to limit junior varsity contests to one-day trips.

C. Regular Season Travel (VI-G-5)

1. Travel two nights prior to an Ivy contest, and off-campus housing prior to home contests (including tournaments), are not permitted.

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2. In all sports other than football, travel may provide for one overnight, except that overnight travel is not permitted for the following Ivy trips when classes are in session:

From: To:

Brown Harvard, Yale

Columbia Penn, Princeton, Yale Dartmouth Harvard

Harvard Brown, Dartmouth, Yale Penn Columbia, Princeton Princeton Columbia, Penn, Yale

Yale Brown, Columbia, Harvard, Princeton

3. Exceptions to the above limits, permitting one overnight of travel, are provided for morning contests that otherwise would require departure before 7:30 AM on the day of the contest, following the first contest when back-to-back competition is scheduled, and for post-season tournaments.

4. In football, overnight travel is not permitted for the following Ivy trips:

From: To: Brown Harvard Columbia Yale Harvard Brown Penn Princeton Princeton Penn Yale Columbia

D. Contest Numbers (VI-G-4)

NCAA definitions and counting methods apply. In addition, one scrimmage per year against touring foreign teams or US teams in any sport, and alumni contests in all sports except football and basketball, are allowed and do not count against the Ivy or NCAA limit.

A student-athlete may compete as an individual without counting against the NCAA or Ivy team contest limits as long as he/she is not representing the university or an outside team.

The following table lists the maximum number of varsity contests or dates in each sport ("term" = academic year, non-vacation). NCAA limits are shown for comparison only: Ivy limits prevail. Junior varsity limits are separate, as listed.

Sport Term Total NCAA JV

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Basketball 22 contests 27 contests 27 contests 18 contests Crew 10 dates 10 dates + 1 scr. 20 dates 11 dates (10 term) Cross Country 7 dates 7 dates 7 dates 7 dates

Fencing 11 dates 11 dates 11 dates 10 dates Field Hockey 17 dates 17 dates + 1 scr. 20 contests 10 dates Football 10 dates 10 dates + 1 scr. 11 contests 7 contests Golf 14 dates 18 dates 1 scr. 24 contests 10 dates Gymnastics 12 dates 12 dates + 1 scr. 13 dates 10 dates Ice Hockey 24 contests 29 contests + 1 scr. 34 contests 20 contests Lacrosse 13 dates 16 dates + 1 scr. 17 dates 10 dates Soccer 17 dates 17 dates + 1 scr. 20 contests 10 dates Softball 20 dates 56 contests 56 contests 28 contests Squash 12 dates 12 dates + 1 scr. - 10 dates Swimming 12 dates 12 dates + 1 scr. 20 dates 10 dates Tennis 19 dates 24 dates + 1 scr. 25 dates 10 dates Track/In/Outdoor 18 dates 18 dates 18 dates -Volleyball 22 dates 22 dates + 1 scr. 28 dates 10 dates Water Polo 20 dates 20 dates + 1 scr. 21 dates -Wrestling 12 dates 12 dates + 1 scr. 16 dates 10 dates

E. Travel with Junior Varsity Squad (VI-E)

1. A team may travel with greater than the varsity travel squad limit only to contests for which there is a separate junior varsity event. In individual sports the junior varsity competition (i.e. swim meet, track meet) does not have to be conducted separately; however any event in which a junior varsity competitor participates must include a junior varsity competitor from at least one other school.

2. The contests count against the Ivy contest limit for both the varsity and the junior varsity teams if the number of junior varsity participants which constitutes a team (as defined in VI-E-2-d) travel to the meet.

3. In the following individual sports, up to the following number of times per season, teams may travel with the varsity and junior varsity travel squads if the institution is entering two separate teams in a multi-team event which does not include other “junior varsity” competitors. Those scoring for the varsity must be declared in advance, and may not exceed the varsity travel squad limit. The contests count against the Ivy contest limit for both the varsity and the junior varsity teams if the number of junior varsity participants which constitutes a team (as defined in VI-E-2-d) travel to the meet.

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Fencing 3

Golf 5

Squash 3 Swimming 3

Tennis 5

Track and Field 5 (total indoor and outdoor)

Wrestling 3

F. Definition of Ivy Scrimmage (VI-E-4)

An Ivy scrimmage must have the following characteristics:

1. Except when played in conjunction with a countable away contest, the scrimmage must be against a neighboring institution (never overnight), or against an Ivy team on an Ivy campus. 2. Score may be kept, but score/statistics will not be part of team statistics.

3. Admission may be charged, but not “full price” or as part of a “season ticket”.

G. Post Season Competition (VI-E-6)

A list of post-season competition approved by the Ivy Presidents for national and eastern championships is maintained, and participation in these events is exempt from Ivy limits. Post-season competition is not allowed in football.

The Ivy League champion receives an automatic bid to the NCAA championships in men's and women's basketball, field hockey, men's and women’s soccer, and volleyball. The Ivy League has play-in entries to the NCAA championships in baseball and softball. These contests do not count against Ivy or NCAA limits.

H. No-Count Foreign Travel (VI-H-3)

Ivy rules permit a team to take a foreign trip once in any four year period, and provide that contests on such a trip will not count against Ivy contest limitations. Foreign trips may not involve missed class time or be scheduled during examination periods. All no-count trips must be approved in advance by the Ivy Office.

Ivy rules do not permit the non-vacation "count" foreign travel that NCAA rules provide on the separate "one-in-four" clock. Ivy rules do permit a one-in-four, no-count trip to Alaska, Hawaii,

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Puerto Rico, or the Virgin Islands, on a one-in-four basis separate from the one-in-four foreign tour clock, provided the foreign tour is not taken in the same academic year.

Foreign trips must be considered special events, funded from special gifts rather than from general athletic budgets. Out of season practice for foreign trips is limited by Ivy regulations to five days prior to the trip, rather than 10 days as allowed by NCAA rules.

VIII. Travel Squad Limits (VI-C-3)

The Ivy League regulates the number of players who may travel and dress for away competition in all term-time competition (League and non-League). Exceptions are provided for post-season tournaments, injured players, and managers as specified in the Ivy Manual (VI-C). Limits apply to JV and Varsity teams except where specified. Home team numbers are unlimited except where specified.

Sport Away Exception

Baseball 20 22 when playing 2 or more doubleheaders on one trip Basketball 15 JV limit is 12 away, 15 home.

Crew 45 includes varsity and novice, distribution at school’s discretion. Cross Country 12 limit applies to varsity home, and varsity and JV away teams. Fencing (men) 12 limit for multiple matches of four or more teams is 15. Fencing (women) 10 limit for multiple matches of four or more teams is 12. Field Hockey 20

Football 62 JV limit is 52

Golf 8

Gymnastics 16

Ice Hockey 20 limit also applies to JV home teams; for back-to-back weekends 22 may travel, 21 may dress including 18 skaters and 3 goalies. Lacrosse (men) 32

Lacrosse (women) 26

Soccer 18 20 when playing 2 or more contests on one trip

Softball 20

Squash 10

Swimming 26 limit also applies to JV home teams

Tennis 10

Track (indoor) 38 44 for triangular or greater, limit also applies to JV home teams Track (outdoor) 46 limit also applies to JV home teams.

Volleyball 15

Water Polo 14

Wrestling 12 14 for tri-meets, JV home teams and when playing two or more contests on one trip

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IX. Coach Limits (VIII-B-2)

The Ivy League uses the same limits on the number of coaches as the NCAA limits, with the following exceptions:

1. Basketball: The Ivy limit is two full-time coaches and one part-time coach; NCAA limit is three full-time coaches and one part-time (formerly “restricted-earnings”) coach.

The fourth position allowed by the NCAA for a part-time coach may be filled with a volunteer coach who receives no salary or benefits from the athletic department. As formerly permitted for the NCAA “restricted earnings” coach, this person may be paid to work at the institution’s summer camp.

2. Football: Football programs that sponsor junior varsity teams are allowed by NCAA rules to employ seven full time coaches and six part-times coaches: the Ivy limit is six full-time and six part-time coaches. NCAA rules prohibit two of the six part-time coaches from performing football-related duties outside the permissible playing and practice seasons.

3. Rowing: These limits are Ivy limits, and apply to all heavyweight and lightweight teams, including freshman or novice coaches. Ivy institutions which do not have women’s lightweight teams are limited to 2 full-time and one part-time coach, whereas the NCAA allows 3 full-time coaches for heavyweight rowing. One volunteer coach is allowed per team. A volunteer coach may not receive any pay or benefits, or be involved in recruiting off campus, as defined by NCAA rules.

The NCAA does not limit lightweight rowing coaches. For Ivy purposes An institution is granted coaches for a lightweight team if the team consists of at least one “eight” or two “fours” that compete in at least four spring events.

Sport #Head or Asst. # Part Time

Coaches Coaches

Baseball 2 1

Basketball 2 1

Crew, Heavyweight only* 2 1

Crew, Heavy and Light 4 1

Fencing 1 1 Field Hockey 2 1 Football 6 6 Golf 1 1 Gymnastics 2 1 Ice Hockey 2 1 Lacrosse 2 1

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Skiing 1 1

Soccer 2 1

Softball 2 1

Squash 1 1

Swimming and Diving 2 1

Tennis 1 1

Track and Field/Cross Country 2 1

Volleyball 2 1

Water Polo 1 1

Wrestling 2 1

X. Sportsmanship (VI-A-4)

The Ivy league expects good sportsmanship to be practiced by Ivy League administrators, staff, coaches, athletes, and spectators. All are expected not to commit, nor to lead others to commit, any act of verbal or physical abuse in connection with any athletic activities involving their institutions, particularly including activities relating to spectators and to officials.

Figure

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References

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