Tycker du att det bor vara tillatet att skicka sina barn till kristna friskolor? Freq. Percent Cum.

14  Download (0)

Full text

(1)

1 Blinder, Ford, Ivarsflaten and Oskarsson, Secularism or anti-Muslim sentiment.

Supplementary material

1. Swedish items—schools experiment

Mp4_Q57: Christian schools

Swedish wording: En del föräldrar i Sverige vill sända sina barn till kristna friskolor, som följer samma läroplan som andra skolor men utifrån en kristen värdegrund. Tycker du att det bor vara tillatet att skicka sina barn till kristna friskolor?

Translation: Some parents in Sweden would like to send their children to Christian schools that follow the same curriculum as other schools, but are based on Christian values. Do you think that parents should be allowed to send their children to Christian schools?

Mean when standardized (0-1, 0=should not be allowed; 1=should be allowed)=0.45 CI =( 0.38, 0.52)

Mp4_Q58: Muslim schools

Swedish wording: En del föräldrar i Sverige vill sända sina barn till muslimska friskolor, som följer samma kursplaner som andra skolor, men därtill undervisar i Islam. Tycker du att det bor vara tillatet att skicka sina barn till muslimska friskolor?

Translation: Some parents in Sweden would like to send their children to Muslim schools that follow the same curriculum as other schools, but also teach Islam. Do you think that parents should be allowed to send their children to Muslim schools?

Total 136 100.00

5 Nej, bor inte vara tillatet 47 34.56 100.00 4 15 11.03 65.44 3 21 15.44 54.41 2 23 16.91 38.97 1 Ja, bor vara tillatet 30 22.06 22.06 till kristna friskolor? Freq. Percent Cum.

tillatet att skicka sina barn Tycker du att det bor vara

(2)

2 Mean when standardized (0-1, 0=should not be allowed; 1=should be allowed)= 0.39

CI = (0.32, 0.46)

2. Swedish IMCP-items mp4_Q70_1:

Swedish wording: I vilken utstrackning instammer du i foljande pastaenden: Jag forsoker agera fordomsfritt darfor att det ar viktigt for mig.

Translation: To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements: I try to act without prejudice because it is important to me. (1-5: disagree-agree)

mp4_Q70_2:

Swedish wording: Jag forsoker vara fordomsfri mot invandrare pa grund av mina egna varderingar.

Translation: I try to be unprejudiced towards immigrants because of my own convictions.

Total 129 100.00

5 Nej, bor inte vara tillatet 54 41.86 100.00 4 17 13.18 58.14 3 14 10.85 44.96 2 18 13.95 34.11 1 Ja, bor vara tillatet 26 20.16 20.16 till muslimska friskolo Freq. Percent Cum.

tillatet att skicka sina barn Tycker du att det bor vara

Total 1,378 100.00

5 Instammer helt och hallet 711 51.60 100.00 4 432 31.35 48.40 3 172 12.48 17.05 2 39 2.83 4.57 1 Instammer inte alls 24 1.74 1.74 agera for Freq. Percent Cum.

pastaenden: Jag forsoker instammer du i foljande I vilken utstrackning

(3)

3 mp4_Q70_5:

Jag blir irriterad pa mig sjalv nar jag har fordomsfulla tankar

Translation: I get irritated with myself when I have prejudiced thoughts.

mp4_Q70_6:

Swedish: Jag kanner mig skyldig nar jag har fordomsfulla tankar om invandrare.

Translation: I feel guilty when I have prejudiced throughts about immigrants.

mp4_Q70_7:

Swedish: Utifran mina varderingar ar det OK att anvanda stereotyper om invandrare Translation: In my own view it is OK to use stereotypes about immigrants.

Total 1,360 100.00

5 Instammer helt och hallet 700 51.47 100.00 4 414 30.44 48.53 3 178 13.09 18.09 2 38 2.79 5.00 1 Instammer inte alls 30 2.21 2.21 vara ford Freq. Percent Cum.

pastaenden: Jag forsoker instammer du i foljande I vilken utstrackning

Total 1,342 100.00

5 Instammer helt och hallet 374 27.87 100.00 4 313 23.32 72.13 3 243 18.11 48.81 2 193 14.38 30.70 1 Instammer inte alls 219 16.32 16.32 irriterad pa Freq. Percent Cum.

pastaenden: Jag blir instammer du i foljande I vilken utstrackning . tab mp4_Q70_5

Total 1,323 100.00

5 Instammer helt och hallet 248 18.75 100.00 4 238 17.99 81.25 3 272 20.56 63.27 2 247 18.67 42.71 1 Instammer inte alls 318 24.04 24.04 skyldig Freq. Percent Cum.

pastaenden: Jag kanner mig instammer du i foljande I vilken utstrackning

(4)

4 3. Norwegian items, schools experiment

Christian schools r4dv55b:

Norwegian: Hvor enig eller uenig er du i at det skal være mulig å sende sine barn til kristne skoler som følger den norske læreplanen?

Translation: How much do you agree or disagree that it should be possible to send ones children to Christian schools that follow the Norwegian curriculum?

Mean when standardized (0-1; 0= should not be possible; 1= should be possible) = 0.61 CI (0.58; 0.63)

Muslim schools

Total 1,332 100.00

5 Instammer helt och hallet 38 2.85 100.00 4 71 5.33 97.15 3 208 15.62 91.82 2 305 22.90 76.20 1 Instammer inte alls 710 53.30 53.30 vardering Freq. Percent Cum.

pastaenden: Utifran mina instammer du i foljande I vilken utstrackning

Total 387 100.00

Strongly disagree 29 7.49 100.00 Disagree 33 8.53 92.51 Disagree somewhat 28 7.24 83.98 Neither agree nor disagree 75 19.38 76.74 Agree somewhat 65 16.80 57.36 Agree 110 28.42 40.57 Strongly agree 47 12.14 12.14 curriculum Freq. Percent Cum.

which follow the Norwegian Allow Christian schools

(5)

5 r4dv55c:

Norwegian: Hvor enig eller uenig er du i at det skal være mulig å sende sine barn til muslimske skoler som følger den norske læreplanen?

Translation: How much do you agree or disagree that it should be possible to send ones children to Muslim schools that follow the Norwegian curriculum?

Mean when standardized (0-1; 0= should not be possible; 1= should be possible) = 0.41 CI (0.38; 0.44)

4. IMCP-measures in the Norwegian panel.

Note: Data collection on IMCP in the Norwegian panel took place in waves 1 and 3. Data was collected in wave 1 for those recruited in w1 and in wave 3 for those recruited in w3. In wave 1, a question ordering experiment was tried without effect and without consequence for this study.

This explains why there are two separate groups of each IMCP item in w1. For this reason, there are three tables per item in this detailed documentation.

Norwegian: Hvor godt eller dårlig vil du si følgende beskrivelse passer på deg? : Det er viktig for meg personlig å være fordomsfri overfor innvandrere. (1-7 Svært godt; svært dårlig).

Translation: How well or badly does the following statement describe you? : It is important for me personally to be unprejudiced towards immigrants. (1-7: Very well – Very badly).

[Please disregard the inconsistent labelling and weird translations. The survey was conducted in Norwegian and the wordings are exactly the same across the three groups in Norwegian]

Total 400 100.00

Strongly disagree 78 19.50 100.00 Disagree 79 19.75 80.50 Disagree somewhat 36 9.00 60.75 Neither agree nor disagree 75 18.75 51.75 Agree somewhat 59 14.75 33.00 Agree 61 15.25 18.25 Strongly agree 12 3.00 3.00 curriculum Freq. Percent Cum.

follow the Norwegian Allow Muslim schools which

(6)

6 Mean: 2.64; CI (2.59; 2.70); N=2,229

Mean: 2.65; CI (2.59; 2.70); N=2,300

Total 2,229 100.00

Very bad 32 1.44 100.00 Bad 34 1.53 98.56 Somewhat bad 127 5.70 97.04 Neither good nor bad 352 15.79 91.34 Somewhat good 450 20.19 75.55 Good 833 37.37 55.36 Very good 401 17.99 17.99 towards immigrants Freq. Percent Cum.

have prejudices Important not to not Fitting description:

. tab w01_dv35_1 if w01_dv35_1<9

Total 2,300 100.00

Very poorly 35 1.52 100.00 Poorly 72 3.13 98.48 Somewhat poorly 121 5.26 95.35 Neither well nor poorly 337 14.65 90.09 Somewhat well 452 19.65 75.43 Well 815 35.43 55.78 Very well 468 20.35 20.35 immigrants Freq. Percent Cum.

have prejudices towards Important not to not Fitting description:

. tab w01_dv38_1 if w01_dv38_1<9

(7)

7 Mean: 2.68; CI (2.61; 2.74); N=1,658

I standardized these variables to a 0-1 scale and combined into one new variable, which is called

“imcpitem1”

The combined variable (0-1 standardized) has the following properties using all four items across the three groups in the two waves.

Total 1,658 100.00

Very poorly 25 1.51 100.00 Poorly 34 2.05 98.49 Somewhat poorly 83 5.01 96.44 Neither well nor poorly 297 17.91 91.44 Somewhat well 326 19.66 73.52 Well 591 35.65 53.86 Very well 302 18.21 18.21 unprejudiced in re Freq. Percent Cum.

personally to be It is important for me Personal description:

imcpitem1 5,641 .723926 .0029959 .7180528 .7297992 Variable Obs Mean Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval]

imcpcomb 5,548 .6641507 .002653 .6589498 .6693517 Variable Obs Mean Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval]

. ci imcpcomb r(111);

(8)

8 5. The religious schools condition in Norway and Sweden

The Swedish case

Mp4_Q59: Religious schools

Swedish: En del föräldrar vill sända sina barn till religiösa friskolor, som följer samma kursplaner som andra skolor, men utifrån en religiös värdegrund. Tycker du att det bor vara tillatet att skicka sina barn till religiosa friskolor?

Translation: Some parents would like to send their children to religious schools that follow the same curriculum as other schools, but tare based on religious values. Do you think parents should be allowed to send their children to religious schools?

Mean when standardized (0-1, 0=should not be allowed; 1=should be allowed)= 0.28 CI = (0.22, 0.35)

Religious schools in Norway R4dv55a:

Hvor enig eller uenig er du i at det skal være mulig å sende sine barn til religiøse skoler som følger den norske læreplanen?

Translation: How much do you agree or disagree that it should be possible to send one’s children to religious schools that follow the Norwegian curriculum?

Total 122 100.00

5 Nej, bor inte vara tillatet 62 50.82 100.00 4 16 13.11 49.18 3 21 17.21 36.07 2 11 9.02 18.85 1 Ja, bor vara tillatet 12 9.84 9.84 till religiosa friskolo Freq. Percent Cum.

tillatet att skicka sina barn Tycker du att det bor vara . tab mp4_Q59

(9)

9 6. Britain –schools experiment.

Church Schools

Some parents in Britain send their children to church schools, which teach the same subjects as the national curriculum but only take pupils who attend church regularly. Do you agree or disagree that parents should be allowed to send their children to church schools?

Frequency Percent Cumulative

1. Strongly agree 26 23% 23.0%

2. Agree 39 34.5% 57.5%

3. Neither agree nor disagree

25 22.1% 79.7%

4. Disagree 8 7.1% 86.7%

5. Strongly disagree 15 13.3% 100%

Total 113

Mean when standardized (0-1, 0=should not be allowed; 1=should be allowed)=0.62 CI = (0.59, 0.65)

Muslim schools

Some Muslim parents in Britain would like to send their children to Islamic schools, which teach the same subjects as the national curriculum but only take Muslim pupils. Do you agree or disagree that Muslim parents should be allowed to send their children to Islamic schools?

Total 341 100.00

Strongly disagree 46 13.49 100.00 Disagree 55 16.13 86.51 Disagree somewhat 31 9.09 70.38 Neither agree nor disagree 70 20.53 61.29 Agree somewhat 52 15.25 40.76 Agree 73 21.41 25.51 Strongly agree 14 4.11 4.11 curriculum Freq. Percent Cum.

which follow the Norwegian Allow religious schools

(10)

10

Frequency Percent Cumulative

1. Strongly agree 1 1% 1

2. Agree 12 12% 13%

3. Neither agree nor disagree

16 16% 29%

4. Disagree 17 17% 46%

5. Strongly disagree 55 54% 100%

Total 101

Mean when standardized (0-1, 0=should not be allowed; 1=should be allowed)= 0.22

7. IMCP-items in the British survey:

I attempt to act in nonprejudiced ways because it is personally important to me.

Frequency Percent Cumulative

1. Strongly agree 213 24% 24%

2. Agree 347 39% 63%

3. Neither agree nor disagree

192 22% 85%

4. Disagree 71 8% 93%

5. Strongly disagree 36 4% 97%

6. Don't know 30 3%

Total 889

I aim to be non-prejudiced towards immigrants due to my own beliefs

Frequency Percent Cumulative

1. Strongly agree 182 20%

2. Agree 335 38% 58%

3. Neither agree nor disagree

212 24% 82%

4. Disagree 78 9% 91%

5. Strongly disagree 44 5% 96%

6. Don't know 38 4%

Total 889

(11)

11 It is important to me that other people think I am unprejudiced

Frequency Percent Cumulative

1. Strongly agree 132 15%

2. Agree 279 31% 46%

3. Neither agree nor disagree

327 37% 83%

4. Disagree 89 10% 93%

5. Strongly disagree 33 4% 97%

6. Don't know 29 3%

Total 889

When talking to immigrants, it is important to me that they think I am not prejudiced.

Frequency Percent Cumulative

1. Strongly agree 136 15%

2. Agree 338 38% 53%

3. Neither agree nor disagree

281 32% 85%

4. Disagree 57 6% 91%

5. Strongly disagree 33 4% 95%

6. Don't know 44 5%

Total

I get angry with myself when I have a prejudiced thought

Frequency Percent Cumulative

1. Strongly agree 51 6%

2. Agree 227 26% 32%

3. Neither agree nor disagree

278 31% 63%

4. Disagree 178 20% 82%

5. Strongly disagree 115 13% 95%

6. Don't know 40 5%

Total

I feel guilty when I have a negative thought about immigrants

Frequency Percent Cumulative

1. Strongly agree 45 5%

(12)

12

2. Agree 176 20% 25%

3. Neither agree nor disagree

238 27% 52%

4. Disagree 237 27% 79%

5. Strongly disagree 161 18% 97%

6. Don't know 32 4%

Total

According to my personal values, using stereotypes about immigrants is OK

Frequency Percent Cumulative

1. Strongly agree 22 2%

2. Agree 83 9% 11%

3. Neither agree nor disagree

215 24% 35%

4. Disagree 326 37% 72%

5. Strongly disagree 197 22% 94%

6. Don't know 46 5%

Total

8. Models used to make the predicted probabilities and conditional effects plots.

Direct effects model of Swedish schools experiment:

_cons .2848361 .0347512 8.20 0.000 .2165097 .3531625

Muslim Schools (C) .1085748 .0484743 2.24 0.026 .0132665 .203883 Christian Schools (C) .1673698 .0478641 3.50 0.001 .0732613 .2614783 relschexp

relschall Coef. Std. Err. t P>|t| [95% Conf. Interval]

Total 58.4127907 386 .151328473 Root MSE = .38384

Adj R-squared = 0.0264 Residual 56.5756842 384 .147332511 R-squared = 0.0315 Model 1.83710652 2 .918553258 Prob > F = 0.0022 F(2, 384) = 6.23 Source SS df MS Number of obs = 387 . regress relschall i.relschexp if ctrlchrdum==1 | ctrlmusdum==1 | ctrlreldum==1 .

(13)

13 IMCP interaction model in the Swedish data:

Direct effects model in the Norwegian case:

_cons .4315113 .1232159 3.50 0.001 .1891422 .6738803 ei_mcp -.2073671 .1662527 -1.25 0.213 -.5343909 .1196567 chrXeimcp .068744 .2388269 0.29 0.774 -.4010352 .5385232 musXeimcp .7246667 .2305491 3.14 0.002 .27117 1.178163

Muslim Schools (C) -.3729615 .1696573 -2.20 0.029 -.7066822 -.0392409 Christian Schools (C) .1142425 .1736358 0.66 0.511 -.2273039 .455789 relschexp

relschall Coef. Std. Err. t P>|t| [95% Conf. Interval]

Total 52.0535714 342 .152203425 Root MSE = .37933

Adj R-squared = 0.0546 Residual 48.4904002 337 .143888428 R-squared = 0.0685 Model 3.56317122 5 .712634245 Prob > F = 0.0002 F(5, 337) = 4.95 Source SS df MS Number of obs = 343

. regress relschall i. relschexp musXeimcp chrXeimcp ei_mcp if ctrlchrdum==1 | ctrlmusdum==1 | ctrlreldum==1 . do "C:\Users\EIV001~1.013\AppData\Local\Temp\STD00000000.tmp"

_cons .4809384 .0163196 29.47 0.000 .4489182 .5129587

Muslim Schools -.0688551 .022212 -3.10 0.002 -.1124367 -.0252734 Christian Schools .1245741 .022383 5.57 0.000 .0806569 .1684913 relschexp

relschall Coef. Std. Err. t P>|t| [95% Conf. Interval]

Total 109.693826 1,127 .097332587 Root MSE = .30136 Adj R-squared = 0.0669 Residual 102.170379 1,125 .090818114 R-squared = 0.0686 Model 7.52344718 2 3.76172359 Prob > F = 0.0000 F(2, 1125) = 41.42 Source SS df MS Number of obs = 1,128 . regress relschall i.relschexp

.

(14)

14 IMCP interaction model in the Norwegian case:

_cons .3374882 .0577372 5.85 0.000 .2241807 .4507957 chrXimcp -.2569402 .1201549 -2.14 0.033 -.4927405 -.02114 musXimcp .0090076 .1207339 0.07 0.941 -.227929 .2459442 imcpcomb .2047665 .0855944 2.39 0.017 .0367901 .3727429

Muslim Schools -.0672838 .0823777 -0.82 0.414 -.2289476 .09438 Christian Schools .3039705 .0817442 3.72 0.000 .14355 .464391 relschexp3

relschall Coef. Std. Err. t P>|t| [95% Conf. Interval]

Total 91.7165128 953 .096239783 Root MSE = .29762 Adj R-squared = 0.0796 Residual 83.9693102 948 .088575222 R-squared = 0.0845 Model 7.74720266 5 1.54944053 Prob > F = 0.0000 F(5, 948) = 17.49 Source SS df MS Number of obs = 954 . regress relschall i.relschexp3 imcpcomb musXimcp chrXimcp

Figure

Updating...

References

Related subjects :