AP European History Renaissance Take Home Test: Go through these questions and study the correct answers until you know them well. Your EHAP Review, notes and the Internet will answer any questions you have as you go. Do each question and then check your answer. Think through the choices until you understand why the answer is what it is. Study well.
1. The word "vernacular" is used to describe
the structure of the human skeleton the spoken language of the common people a type of crossbow used by Swiss archers early printing presses
a plot against the Medici rulers
2. The Medici family gained their fame as
Venetian condottieri Roman nobles
secretaries of the popes ship owners in Venice
3. Which of the following passages appeared in "The Prince"?
"Loyality to a small city is a foolish diversion of human devotion."
"It is much better to be feared than to be loved."
"Only through prayer can a man achieve his full measure of virtue."
"In diplomacy, honesty is the best policy."
"Civilization reached its lowest point during the Roman Republic."
4. An important feature of the Renaissance was an emphasis on
alchemy and magic the literature of Greece and Rome
chivalry of the Middle Ages the teaching of St. Thomas Aquinas 5. In his book "Praise of Folly," Erasmus
used satire to attack the evils of society related a series of short stories urged people to accept things as they were advised princes on how to rule suggested strategies for successful siege warfare
6 . The Medici’s, Sforza’s and the Popes played a significant part in the Renaissance as painters of everyday themes scientists who furthered scientific knowledge
rulers of Italian cities and patrons of culture military leaders whose conquests spread the Renaissance to northern Europe writers who made important contributions to Renaissance literature
7. Which was NOT a characteristic of the Renaissance?
emphasis on individuality confidence in human rationality
the emergence of merchant oligarchies the development of social insurance programs emulation of classical manuscripts
8. The northern Renaissance differed from the Italian Renaissance in its emphasis on religious activity and reform among common people
greater appreciation of pagan writers and painters decline in the use of Latin and Greek
pagan themes in art
9. Which of the following statements about Florence at the time of the Renaissance is false?
Its major industry was wool production. It lost probably half its population to the Black Death.
It was a major banking center. It was an important Mediterranean port city.
10. The most influential book on Renaissance court life and behavior was Castiglione's The Courtier. Machiavelli's The Prince.
Augustine's City of God. Boccaccio's Decameron.
11. Humanism emphasized all of the following EXCEPT reading Classical writings in the original Latin and Greek.
developing the ability to speak and write eloquently.
rejecting religious rituals, institutions, and beliefs.
pursuing perfection through moral philosophy.
12. As humanism spread, it had an impact as all of the following EXCEPT an educational system stressing knowledge useful for members of the social elite.
a literary movement that reshaped the form and content of virtually all genres.
a body of knowledge and manners that served to distinguish the upper classes.
a political philosophy that caused the decline of despotism and rise of democracy.
13. The Neo-Platonists (people who follow Plato's ideas) changed humanism by emphasizing all of the following EXCEPT
the study of Greek. the philosophy of Plato.
pursuit of personal perfection. the irreconcilability of divergent truths.
14. The three friends who started the artistic revolution of the Renaissance include all EXCEPT Masaccio, the painter who emphasized nature, perspective, and classical models.
Donatello, the sculptor who revived classical representation of the beauty of the human body.
Brunelleschi, the architect who created the largest dome built in Europe since antiquity.
Van Gogh, the multifaceted genius who painted masterpieces, studied nature, and eventually committed suicide.
15. The High Renaissance in Rome (contrasted to the Low Renaissance in Florence) was defined by a single man of overpowering genius, Leonardo da Vinci.
saw the steady decline of the artistic trends begun the previous century.
brought to a climax the artistic trends begun a century before.
saw a shift in cultural initiative from artists to writers and philosophers.
16. The status of artists rose during the Renaissance because
people were looking for a substitute for the clergy, whose reputation suffered because of their corruption.
their works became status symbols for the upper classes, who sought distinction as patrons of the arts.
they were drawn more and more from the upper classes, who needed new occupations as warfare declined.
people felt that artists were gifted by God, and therefore patronage was a form of religious devotion.
17. Northern culture was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
a fascination with death, decay, and demons. the elaboration of chivalry and court culture.
a commitment to the religious point of view. a rejection of Renaissance culture as impious.
18. Most of the northern Renaissance thinkers agreed that democracy, not monarchy, was the only workable political system.
humanity is basically sinful.
Christianity is unacceptable.
society is perfectible
19. The popes attempted to restore their power and prestige through all of the following EXCEPT a magnificent building program in Rome. patronage of artists and humanist scholars.
a vigorous military campaign to secure the Papal States. a thorough reform of corrupt Church institutions.
20. Humanism influenced religious dissent by
emphasizing the superiority of original texts. pointing up the sinfulness of material concerns.
refuting the Church's claims about transubstantiation. mobilizing the princes against Church power.
21. Proximity to the ancient ruins and texts, political instability, and _____ acted as catalysts to the rise of Renaissance ideas in Italy.
economic prosperity the plague
22. _____ formed the basis of an ideal Renaissance education.
Grammar The humanities
The arts Rhetoric
23. Humanist scholarship and the arts of the Renaissance...
were the achievements of determined young men. suffered because of the lack of patronage.
were made possible by patronage. would not have existed without the patronage of the church.
24. The two general categories of Italian city-state governments were...
republics and principalities. republics and communes.
communes and principalities. principalities and hereditary monarchies.
25. Pope Julius II made Rome a cultural hub by hiring artists like...
26. Leonardo gained his knowledge of human anatomy...
by studying Renaissance architecture that was based upon human form and proportion.
by dissecting cadavers.
by reading the classics.
by sketching classical sculpture.
27. Among the famous Renaissance figures brought to the French court was...
Machiavelli Leonardo da Vinci
28. Which of the following is NOT an important cause of the Italian Renaissance?
The Plague The Growth of Cities
The growth of nation-states The increased trade from the middle east Italy’s cultural heritage (Roman Empire)
29. Peasants constituted ________________ of the total European population.
95 to 98 percent 85 to 90 percent
60 to 65 percent 75 to 80 percent
30. At the top of urban society were the____________, whose wealth from capitalistic enterprises in trade, industry, and banking enabled them to dominate their urban communities economically, socially, and politically.
Popes Monks Traders
31. Although, slavery is not commonly thought of as a part of the Renaissance. Slaves did exist, especially in the cities during the early Renaissance. Most of them were
young, hard working men & women wise old men
agricultural workers street cleaners,
cooks and household servants
32. It appears that in Renaissance society black slaves were
valued as soldiers. valued as servants and entertainers.
considered undesirable and not allowed in society. not much in demand.
32. Which of the following was not one of the powers dominating the Italian peninsula?
Pisa the Papal States
33. The Renaissance began in
the Low Countries Rome
34. The patrons of the Florentine Renaissance were mostly
churchmen. the popes.
the common people. merchants and bankers.
35. The frail and ugly king who began French economic and political recovery in the early fifteenth century was
Henry Tudor Charles VII
Philip the Fair Louis XI.
36. A major difference between northern and Italian humanism is that northern humanism stressed economic gain and materialism social reform based on Christian ideals
pagan virtues scholastic dogma over reason.
37. The late-fifteenth-century ruler of England who ended the civil war and strengthened the crown was
John I William III
Henry II Henry VII
38. Erasmus advocated paganism.
Christian education for moral and intellectual improvement.
monastic life of contemplation and divorce from the material world.
unthinking obedience to church doctrine and ritual 39. The Wars of the Roses were
civil wars between the English ducal houses of York and Lancaster.
between England and France.
civil wars between the English king, Henry VI, and the aristocracy.
minor disputes among English gentry.
40. Just before the advent of Ferdinand and Isabella, the Iberian Peninsula could best be described as a homogeneous region sharing a common language and cultural tradition.
a heterogeneous region consisting of several ethnic groups with a diversity of linguistic and cultural characteristics.
tolerant of religious and ethnic traditions different from Christianity.
a region dominated equally by Arabs and Jews.
41. The culture of the Renaissance
was largely limited to a small mercantile elite. was widely spread and practiced by a broad middle class.
was confined to the church. affected all classes, including the peasants.
42. Both Florence and Rome were sacked by the
Northern Barbarians Muslims
the French The English
43. ______________ became one of the largest industries in Europe, and its effects were soon felt in many areas of European life. It encouraged the development of scholarly research and the desire to attain knowledge. It facilitated cooperation among scholars and helped produce standardized and definitive texts.
Wool making Teaching
44. In Spain, the royal dynasty provided the centralizing force and when the grandson of Ferdinand and Isabella, succeeded both rulers as _____________. 1n 1516, he inherited lands that made him the most powerful monarch of his age.
Charles I Henry IV
Don Juan III Louis XI
45. By the end of the 15th century the _______ were threatening Hungary, Austria, Bohemia, and Poland.
46. The primary concern of the papacy is governing the Catholic church as its spiritual leader, but as heads of the church, popes had other preoccupations as well, and the story of the Renaissance papacy is basically an account of how the Popes tried to build large buildings to glorify themselves rather than God
temporal (worldly) concerns came to overshadow the popes’ spiritual functions.
Teaching Greek and Roman classics to help people understand Scripture
Bringing more and more people into the Church rather than helping those already in it 47. Henry VII was especially successful in building up England because he
fought many wars after consolidating his power avoided war to stabilize his country
became an important patron of the arts in England loved to ride, hunt and socialize with peasants 48. Louis XI was especially successful in building up France because he
was scary looking and so everyone did what he said
maintained the important taille (tax) which gave him a solid source of income helped everyone see that a large France was better able to fight England had many mistresses so he had many children to help him hold the throne
49. Which of the following statements about the earliest printed books is false?
They dealt mainly with economic and business subjects.
They encouraged literacy.
Movable type was first developed in Germany.
They improved the process of learning.
50. The frenzied world of the Italian territorial states gave rise to a political practice that prevented any one state from dominating the peninsula. This was the result of
lack of unity between city states the balance of power reliance on the Pope rather than allegiance to a Prince all of the above 51. Who was hired by Pope Leo X to sell indulgences in Germany?
John Tetzel Albrecht, Archbishop of Mainz
Frederick III of Saxony Charles V
52. The Renaissance was focused on three main points
Humanism, Individualism, Classicism Religion, Money, Community
Art, Music, Architecture History, Individualism, Religion
53. The best description of Machiavelli's The Prince is that it is a description of how government should be organized and implemented.
a satire on sixteenth-century politics.
a call for Italian nationalism.
an accurate description of politics as practiced in Renaissance Italy.