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Annual report 2004

Department of Vertebrates - Reptiles and Amphibians

Staff Curators:

Arntzen, Dr. J.W.

Hoogmoed, Dr. M.S. (till March 31) Technician:

Gassó-Miracle, Drs. M.E. Associates:

Avila-Pires Dr. T.C.S. de (till March 31) Michels, Mr. J.P. (from August 1) Ross, Dr. F.D.

Trainees:

Curado, Mr. N., E.C. Leonardo da Vinci fellow from the University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal; from September 14 onwards

Groot, Mr. L. de, from Free University, Amsterdam; from May 12 to August 31 Pieterse, Mr. S. from University of Leiden, Leiden; from April 5 to June 24

Themudo, G., from University of Porto, Portugal; from 14th of April to 14th of June. Vonk, Mr. F., from University of Leiden, Leiden, intermittent

Wielstra, Mr. B., from University of Leiden, Leiden; from April 5 to June 24

Introduction

This year saw the appointment of both Arntzen (per March 1) and Gassó-Miracle (per April 1) at contracts for indeterminate duration as well as the end of contract of Hoogmoed who effectively retired in 2003. Per August 1 we welcomed Mr. J.P. Michels as guest worker, whereas Dr. T.C.S. Avila-Pires resigned from her appointment per March 31.

Collections

Exchange of material with Prof. B. Lanza (Firenze, Italy), therewith settling an old and potentially damaging conflict.

Fifty CD with frog sound recordings and the documentation as prepared by Mr. F. Verbiest on basis of the sound tapes recorded and provided by Hoogmoed. Copies of the material are held by Hoogmoed and the 'NNM-Mediatheek'.

Visitors: Origin: Date:

Delfino, Dr. M. University of Florence, Florence, Italy February 13 Eimermacher, Dr. T. University of New Orleans, New Orleans, USA July 19 Hallerman, Dr. J. University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany March 10-13

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Hengeveld, Mr. A AID customs, de Meern February 24 Hoogmoed, Dr. M.S. MPEG, Belem, Brazilie October 25 - November 10 Kahnau, Mr. S. not stated, Sachsenheim, Germany June 1

Kempen, Mrs. P.M.A. van Koninklijke Luchtmacht, Den Haag November 24 Lang, Mr. R. de not stated, Rotterdam March 10, April 16 Measey, Dr. J. IRD Biosol, Bondy, France September 15

Menbis, Mr. H. AID customs, de Meern February 24

Michels, Mr. J.P. University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam May 18 Miralles, Mr. A. Museum National Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France May 17-19 Pieterse, Mr. J. Koninklijke Luchtmacht, Den Haag November 24 Piper, Dr. P. University of Leicester, Leicester, UK May 17 Rabett, Dr. R.J. University of Leicester, Leicester, UK May 17 Sztatecsny, Mr. M. University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria September 10

Visser, Mr. D. not stated, Zaandam July 19

Wielink, Mrs. D. van AID customs, de Meern February 24 Wollenberg, Mrs. K. University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany November 22

Zwerver, Mr. R. Bureau Bakker, Assen December 3

Altogether 20 visitors 11 of which from abroad and nine from the Netherlands, for a cumulative duration of 38 days

Research

Collection-related museum projects:

Taxonomy of Podarcis lizards, with Dr. P. Sa-Sousa (Evora, Portugal), manuscript submitted. This work involved a ca. three-week laboratorium exercise at the Zoological Museum Amsterdam. Phylogeny and phylogeography of Triturus vulgaris / montandoni, with Dr. W. Babik (Cracov, Poland), manuscript submitted.

Phylogeography of Triturus alpestris, with Dr. M. Garcia-Paris (Madrid, Spain), manuscript in preparation.

Phylogeny of the family Salamandridae, with Dr. G. Caccone (Yale, USA), manuscript in preparation. Substantial progress was made to the revision of a draft type-catalogue that is by now ca. 40% ready. Work was carried out by Gassó-Miracle, assisted by Michels and Arntzen. The amphibia type catalogue is expected to be ready for web-publication towards the end of 2005.

Collaborative projects:

The status of the crested newt (Triturus cristatus superspecies) breeding sites in Serbia, the Central Balkans, with Dr. J. Crnobrnja-Isailovic (Belgrade, FR Yugoslavia) and J.W. Arntzen. Report

produced for the Declining Amphibian Population TaskForce, Milton Keynes, UK, a shortened version is submitted for publication in FrogLog.

Atlas of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Peneda-Gerês National Park, Portugal, by Soares, C., F. Álvares, A. Loureiro, N. Sillero, J.W. Arntzen & J.C. Brito. Manuscript submitted to Herpetozoa.

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Chapters were produced by Arntzen on two species of Iberian amphibians (the salamander Chioglossa lusitanica and the toad Alytes dickhilleni) for the project on ' Important Herpetological Areas in Europe', coordinated by Dr. A.H.P. Stumpel at Alterra - Green World Research,

Wageningen.

Collaboration with Dr. O. Nuneza, Iligan State University, Iligan, Philippines. Fieldwork was carried out by Arntzen in the Philippines from October 24 - November 11 in the framework of the 'Mindanao Mount Malindang Biodiversity Project'. Arntzen was accompanied by Mr. M. Sztatecsny from the University of Vienna, Austria. The work resulted in the 'Report on a fieldwork trip annex evaluation report on the Biodiversity Research Project Mt. Malindang, Mindanao, Philippines'.

Two applications were submitted with SyntheSys by foreign colleagues for research in the

collections, one of which was awarded. The visit by Mr. E. Recuero from Madrid is scheduled to take place in early spring 2005.

Arntzen was co-applicant in the grant proposal 'The role of connectivity in designing Marine Protected Area networks: a multi-taxon approach' that was submitted with NWO section 'Aard- en Levenswetenschappen' in the programma 'Duurzaam gebruik en behoud van mariene levende hulpbronnen' by Dr. B. Hoeksema.

Avila-Pires was involved in the following four collaborative projects :

The biodiversity and functional value of Amazonian primary, secondary and plantation forests, with the University of East Anglia & MPEG.

Diagnosis of the biodiversity in the Parque Nacional da Amazônia and Florestas Nacionais de Itaituba I and II, Pará, Brazil, with the Federal Univeristy of Pará/UFPA, MPEG & SAPOPEMA. Modelling the distribution of species in Amazonia, with MPEG, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas

Espaciais/INPE and Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia/INPA. Vertebrate diversity in the upper river Marmelos, with UFPA & MPEG.

Field work:

Report on the fieldwork in 2004 is listed in the above paragraph.

Presentations given: Arntzen

'Taxonomy of the Podarcis-lizards of Galicia'; oral presentation on March 31 at the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Spain.

'Hagedissen van de Ria de Arosa: morfologie, taxonomie en moleculen' oral presentation on March 15 at the NNM 'mini-symposium'.

'Factores que influenciam a distribuição geográfica da riqueza específica da herpetofauna do Parque Nacional da Peneda-Gerês', oral presentation on July 14 by Soares, C., J.W. Arntzen & J.C. Brito at the VIIIth Congresso Luso-Espanhol de Herpetologia. Asociación Herpetológica Española, Malaga, Spain.

'Mortalidade nas populações de anfíbios no Parque Nacional da Peneda-Gerês (N Portugal)', poster presentation on July 15 by Soares, C., A. Alves de Matos, A. Loureiro, J.W. Arntzen & M.A. Carretero, at the VIIIth Congresso Luso- Espanhol de Herpetologia. Asociación Herpetológica Española, Malaga, Spain.

'Phylogeny of the Salamandridae', oral presentation on June 10 at the occasion of the Peer-review visit at Naturalis.

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'Estudo da estrutura da zona híbrida de Triturus marmoratus marmoratus / T m. pygmaeus através da análise combinada de marcadores genéticos e Sistemas de Informação Geográfica' oral presentation on July 14 by G. Espregueira Themudo, N. Ferrand & J.W. Arntzen at the VIIIth Congresso Luso-Espanhol de Herpetologia. Asociación Herpetológica Española, Malaga, Spain.

Ross

'Problems of allometry and character diagnosis in the crocodiles and relatives (family Crocodylidae)' on January 21 at the NNM-Vertebrates guest worker introduction meeting.

Services

Consultancy & advice:

Report for the Milieupolitie Rijnmond 'The effects of a man-made salinity increase to a breeding population of green frogs (Rana klepton esculenta) '

Grant Assessment for the Rufford Foundation (London, UK)

Member of the Dissertation Council at Tbilisi State University (Tbilisi, Georgia)

Databank contributions:

Review of information for twenty amphibian species for the, partially web-based 'Global Amphibian assessment' <www.globalamphibians.org>; see publication in Science 306: 1783-1786 (2004). DNA sequences: 29 cytochrome-b and 16S mitochondrial DNA sequences of Alytes -species were deposited at Genbank (see Martinez-Solano et al.: Table 1) as well as 33 cytochrome-b sequences.

Editorial, review and support services:

Associate Scientific Editor of the 'Herpetological Journal'; member of the editorial Board of the 'Zeitschrift fur Feldherpetologie' and additional manuscript review for the following journals : Biologia Bratislava, Biological Conservation and Molecular Ecology (2). Review of information for twenty amphibian species for the, partially web-based 'Global Amphibian assessment'

<www.globalamphibians.org>; see publication in Science 306 : 1783-1786 (2004). Member of a Dissertation Council at Tbilisi State University (Tbilisi, Georgia). Reviewer of grant application for the Rufford Foundation (London, UK).

Other activities

Every other weeks 'Moleculair Overleg' was held with alternately the discussion of techniques and current progress and the discussion of scientific research papers.

Initiation of the CATCH-program with Dr. A. van den Bosch, University of Twente, ILK / Computational Linguistics, Tilburg University, The Netherlands.

Guiding a visit to the Reptilia and Amphibia sections of the collection tower for biology students of the University of Leiden on January 15 and the University of Groningen on September 10.

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Development of expertise Courses & lecture series attended:

Seminar by Dr. B. Piel at Leiden University, February 18 Symposia attended:

Ancient DNA Symposium, March 9, Leiden

38th Population Genetics Group Meeting, December 14-17, Reading, UK Others activities:

Work for Arntzen's other (20%) appointment at the Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources of the University of Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão, Rua Padre Armando Quintas, 4485-661 Vairão, Portugal was carried out in the weeks 1, 2, 14, 15 and 33.

List of publications SCI-listed journals:

Arntzen, J.W. & J. Alexandrino (2004) Ecological modelling of genetically differentiated forms of the Iberian endemic Golden-striped salamander, Chioglossa lusitanica. Herpetological Journal 14 : 137-141.

Arntzen, J.W., I B.J. Goudie, J. Halley & R. Jehle (2004) Cost comparison of marking techniques in long-term population studies: PIT-tags versus pattern maps. Amphibia-Reptilia 25 : 305-315. Jehle, R., G.A. Wilson, J.W. Arntzen & T. Burke (in press) Contemporary gene flow and the

spatio-temporal genetic structure of subdivided newt populations (Triturus cristatus, T. marmoratus). Journal Evolutionary Biology : accepted.

Jehle, R., T. Burke & J.W. Arntzen (in press) Delineating fine-scale genetic units in amphibians: probing the primacy of ponds. Conservation Genetics : accepted.

Martínez-Solano, I., H.A. Gonçalves, J. W. Arntzen & M. García-París (2004) Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of midwife toads (Discoglossidae: Alytes). Journal of Biogeography 31 : 603-618.

Sequeira, F., J. Alexandrino, S. Rocha, J.W. Arntzen & N. Ferrand (2005) Genetic exchange across a hybrid zone within the Iberian endemic golden-striped salamander, Chioglossa lusitanica. Molecular Ecology 14 : 245-254.

Sztatecsny, M., R. Jehle, B.R. Schmidt & J.W. Arntzen (2004) The abundance of praemetamorphic newts (Triturus cristatus, T. marmoratus) as a function of habitat determinants : an a priori model selection approach. Herpetological Journal 14 : 89-97.

Book chapters:

Alexandrino, J., J. Teixeira, J.W. Arntzen & N. Ferrand (in press) The historical biogeography and conservation of the Golden-striped salamander (Chioglossa lusitanica) : Integrating

ecological, phenotypic and genetic data. In : Phylogeography in southern European refugia : evolutionary perspectives on the origin and conservation of European biodiversity; Editors. S. Weiss & N. Ferrand. Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Soares, C., A. Alves de Matos, A. Loureiro, J.W. Arntzen & M.A. Carretero (in press) Amphibian mortality in Peneda-Gerês National Park, northern Portugal. In : Actas of the Symposium on Declining Amphibian Populations, Editor D. Sanuy, Lleida University and Asociación

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Arntzen, J.W. & G. Smit (submitted) Triturus cristatus (Laurenti 1768) - noordelijke kamsalamander. RAVON atlas amphibieen en reptielen van Nederland.

Arntzen, J. W. & P. Sá-Sousa (submitted) Morphological and genetic differentiation of lizards (Podarcis bocagei and P. hispanica) over the Ria de Arosa archipelago (Galicia, Spain) under vicariance and occasional dispersal.

Not-SCI-listed journals:

Michels, J.P. & A.M. Bauer (2004) Some corrections to the scientific names of amphibians and reptiles. Bonner Zoologische Beitrage 52 : 83-94.

Roselaar C.S. & J.P. Michels (in press) An undescribed species from the nomenclatural point of view (no nomen novum): Cacatua goffiniana sp. nov. (Psittaciformes: Cacatuidae) from the Kepulauan Tanimbar, Maluku Tenggara, Indonesia. Zoologische Mededelingen (accepted). Ross, F.D. (submitted ?) Mecistops Gray is available for cataphractus Cuvier (Reptilia, Crocodilia,

Crocodylidae).

Pinto, G.S. & T.C.S. Avila-Pires (2004) Crescimento alométrico, morfologia e uso do habitat em cinco espécies de Mabuya Fitzinger (Reptilia, Scincidae). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 21 : 161-168.

Publicaties van derden, mede gebaseerd op NNM-materiaal (including some older publications not listed previously)

Campbell, J.A. & W.W. Lamar (2004) The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere. Volumes 1 & 2. Ithaca, N.Y., Cornell University Press.

Delfino, M. (2002) Erpetofauna Italiane del Neogene e del Quaternario, PhD-thesis, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

Gunther, R. (2004) Two new treefrog species of the genus Litoria (Anura: Hylidae) from the west of New Guinea, Zoologische Abhandlungen, Dresden 54 : 163-175.

Hallerman, J. (2004) A new species of the genus Bronchocela from Southern Vietnam. Russian Journal Herpetology 11 : 30-34.

Harvey, M.B., A.J. Pemberton & E.N. Smith (2002) New and poorly known parachuting frogs

(Rhacophoridae: Rhacophorus) from Sumatra and Java. Herpetological Monographs 16 : 46-92.

Iskandar, D.T. & E. Colijn (2001) A checklist of Southeast Asian and New Guinean reptiles. Part 1: Serpentes. Kodokijo-Binamitra, Jakarta.

Koch, A. (2004) Morphologische Untersuchungen zur Systematik der Bindenwarane (Reptilia: Varanidae: Varanus salvator ssp.-Komplex). MSc.-thesis Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat zu Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

Vogel, G., P. David & O.S.G. Pauwels (2004) A review of morphological variation in Trimeresurus popeiorum (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae), with the description of two new species. Zootaxa 727 : 1-63.

Zug, G. R. (2004) Systematics of the Carlia 'fusca' lizards (Squamata; Scincidae) of New Guinea and nearby islands. Bishop Museum Bulletin in Zoology 5 : 1-vii, 1-83.

8. List of output parameters Collections

Number of objects in this collection cluster: 42.105

Total objects acquired this year: 50

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Objects from gifts: 50

Objects bought: 0

Objects from exchange or kept as a reward for delivered services: 0

Objects exchanged: 42

Objects newly out on loan in 2004: 476

Objects restored & repaired: 667

Objects prepared: 1.747

Objects removed this year: 0

Days of field work (incl. local administrative time) 15

Growth records database: 2.503 (667 objects restored

plus 1.747 new objects added to the collection plus 89 records added to the digital register). Publications

Total number publications by staff / others: 7 (i.e. with pages known) Pages total (tenured staff, non tenured staff and honorary staff) 71

Pages tenured staff and non tenured staff 51 Pages honorary staff (= de gastmedewerkers) 20 Publicaties van derden, gebaseerd op NNM material 9 Citation scores (increase over 2004 in brackets)

Arntzen 881 (plus 119) Hoogmoed 227 (plus 3) Teaching and lectures

Public lectures (number) nil

Conference talks and invited talks (scientific) (number) 7 Teaching hours (incl. exams) in the Netherlands (amount of hours) nil Teaching hours (incl. exams) outside the Netherlands (amount of hours) nil

PhD supervision (number of days) impossible to specify Student supervision (number of days) impossible to specify Number of internal students

Arntzen : 4 (two from Leiden, one from Amsterdam and one from Portugal) Avila-Pires : 3 students external

Number of internal PhD's nil

Number of scientific meetings organized nil

Formele reviews voor redacties (aantal) 16

Formele reviews van projectvoorstellen (aantal) 3

DNA-projecten 1 local, on lizards

DNA sequenties en bepalingen 145 lizards, 285 newts and 29 toads =======

Figure

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References

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